Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1703
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Kim N C - - 2006
This study was designed to find the optimum conditions for isoflavone or beta-galactosidase microencapsulation and to examine the release efficiency of microcapsules in simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Coating materials were either medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) or polyglycerol monostearate (PGMS). The highest rate of microencapsulation was found at 15:1 (w/w) ratio of MCT ...
Czifrák Katalin - - 2006
O-peracetylated N-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)imino trimethylphosphorane obtained in situ from 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl azide and PMe3 was reacted with saturated and unsaturated aliphatic and aromatic dicarboxylic acids, or their anhydrides, or monoesters to give the corresponding N-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl) monoamides of dicarboxylic acids or derivatives. The acetyl protecting groups were removed according to the Zemplén protocol to ...
Alaoui Abdessamad El - - 2006
Two new glucuronide paclitaxel prodrugs have been synthesized. Linked to the 2'-OH of the drug by a carbonate function, they include a self-immolative spacer bearing an arylnitro or arylamino group between the drug and the glucuronic acid residue. Both prodrugs were well detoxified and easily cleaved in the presence of ...
Wezenberg Sander J - - 2006
Helical polymers of isocyanopeptides derived from beta-amino acids have been synthesized and their architectures have been studied in detail. Similar to their alpha-amino acid analogues, the helical conformation in these macromolecules is stabilized by internal hydrogen-bonding arrays along the polymeric backbone. Unexpectedly, the flexibility of the beta-peptide side arms results ...
Soapi K M - - 2006
A simple one-step preparation of beta-nitroalanine has been developed using the Easton three-component coupling method. To date one limitation of this method has been that use of nitromethane as the nitroalkane component does not yield beta-nitroalanine. We report that use of the dipotassium salt of nitroacetic acid in the Easton ...
Forró Eniko - - 2006
A very efficient enzymatic method was developed for the synthesis of new enantiomeric benzocispentacin and its six- and seven-membered homologues through the Lipolase (lipase B from Candida antarctica) catalyzed enantioselective (E > 200) ring opening of 3,4-benzo-6-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptan-7-one, 4,5-benzo-7-azabicyclo[4.2.0]octan-8-one, and 5,6-benzo-8-azabicyclo[5.2.0]nonan-9-one with H2O in iPr2O at 60 degrees C. The (1R,2R)-beta-amino ...
Treberg Jason R - - 2006
We compared levels of the major organic osmolytes in the muscle of elasmobranchs, including the methylamines trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), betaine and sarcosine as well as the beta-amino acids taurine and beta-alanine, and the activities of enzymes of methylamine synthesis (betaine and TMAO) in species with a wide range of urea ...
Sibi Mukund P - - 2006
We have investigated the effect of nitrogen protecting groups in radical addition trapping experiments leading to beta(2)-amino acids. Of the three N-protecting groups examined, the phthalimido group was optimal with respect to both yields and enantioselectivity. Additionally, radical additions to more complex acrylates were also investigated, which provided access to ...
Buchanan J Grant - - 2006
The text-book Walden cycle which interconverts the stereochemical configurations of chlorosuccinic and malic acids involves a beta-lactone intermediate in preference to an alpha-lactone intermediate because the O(nuc) C Cl angle in the transition structure for the former (174 degrees) is more favourable than that for the latter (139 degrees), as ...
Yau Ming-Hon - - 2006
J1 acylase, a glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase (GCA) isolated from Bacillus laterosporus J1, has been conventionally grouped as the only member of class V GCA, although its amino acid sequence shares less than 10% identity with members of other classes of GCA. Instead, it shows higher sequence similarities with Rhodococcus sp. ...
Ono Kenjiro - - 2006
Inhibition of the formation of beta-amyloid fibrils (fAbeta), as well as the destabilization of preformed fAbeta in the CNS would be attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Using fluorescence spectroscopic analysis with thioflavin T and electron microscopic studies, we examined the effects of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) ...
Buchko Garry W - - 2006
Products of riboflavin-mediated photosensitization of 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG) and thymidylyl-(3'-5')-2'-deoxyguanosine (TpdG) by 350-nm light in oxygen-saturated aqueous solution have been isolated and identified as 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl) oxaluric acid (beta-dOx) and thymidylyl-(3'-5')-1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl) oxaluric acid (Tpbeta-dOx), respectively. In aqueous solution the modified beta-deoxyribonucleoside is slowly converted to the alpha-anomer, generating alpha-dOx and Tpalpha-dOx. These ...
Kawasaki Hisashi - - 2006
(R)-3-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid ((R)-beta-Phe) and (S)-3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid ((S)-beta-Phe) are key compounds on account of their use as intermediates in synthesizing pharmaceuticals. Enantiomerically pure non-natural amino acids are generally prepared by enzymatic resolution of the racemic N-acetyl form, but despite the intense efforts this method could not be used for preparing enantiomerically ...
van Kuilenburg A B P - - 2006
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) constitutes the first step of the pyrimidine degradation pathway in which the pyrimidine bases uracil and thymine are catabolised to beta-alanine and beta-aminoisobutyric acid (beta-AIB), respectively. The mean concentration of beta-AIB was approximately 5- to 8-fold lower in urine of patients with a DPD deficiency, when compared ...
Martino Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The metabolism of fluorouracil and fluorocytosine, two 5-fluoropyrimidine drugs in clinical use, was investigated. METHODS: (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used as an analytical technique for the detection, identification and quantification of fluorinated metabolites of these drugs in intact human biofluids as well as fluorinated degradation compounds ...
Tang Shouwan - - 2006
Beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CyD) was cross-linked by hexamethylene diisocyanate and the polymer was investigated for adsorption of aromatic amino acids (AAA) from phosphate buffer. High adsorption rates were observed at the beginning and the adsorption equilibrium was then gradually achieved in about 45 min. The adsorption of AAA decreased with the increase ...
Lau-Cam Cesar A - - 2006
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is known to attenuate the release of adrenomedullary catecholamines and ensuing hepatic glycogenolysis and hyperglycemia induced by pyridoxal in the rat. Using this animal model, the present study was undertaken to assess the impact that simple structural modifications of the taurine molecule might have on its antagonistic ...
Kim Seoung Bum - - 2006
This study examines the feasibility of using multiple testing procedures for an inference of independence of categories in each cell in contingency tables. In the simulation study, we compare the performance of various multiple testing procedures in a contingency table setup and demonstrate the relationship among the proportion of true ...
Soydan A S - - 2006
Beta-hydroxy fatty acids are a major component of lipid A moiety of lipopolysaccharide. We aimed to investigate the role of free beta-hydroxy fatty acids on inflammation, as well as to evaluate their effects on cytokine release from human blood cells, and whether they exist in plasma of patients with chronic ...
Kelly David - - 2006
The biotransformation of Hg(II) in pH-controlled and aerated algal cultures was investigated. Previous researchers have observed losses in Hg detection in vitro with the addition of cysteine under acid reduction conditions in the presence of SnCl2. They proposed that this was the effect of Hg-thiol complexing. The present study found ...
Frank Andreas - - 2006
In our search for herbal remedies with inhibitory activity on cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, we identified extracts of the gum-resin of Boswellia carteri, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia sacra and Boswellia serrata as equally potent, non-selective inhibitors of the major drug metabolising CYP enzymes 1A2/2C8/2C9/2C19/2D6 and 3A4. LC/LC/ESI-MS fingerprint analyses of the ...
Malet-Martino Myriam - - 2006
Fluorine-19 nuclear magnetic resonance (19F NMR) spectroscopy provides a highly specific tool for the detection, identification and quantification of fluorine-containing drugs and their metabolites in biofluids. The value and difficulties encountered in investigations on drug metabolism are first discussed. Then the metabolism of three fluoropyrimidines in clinical use, 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluorocytosine ...
Westerlind Ulrika - - 2006
Cone snails are marine predators that use immobilizing venoms for catching prey. Chemical analysis of the venoms has revealed a variety of biologically active small and intermediate size peptides rich in post-translational modifications (modified amino acids, glycosylation). The glycopeptide contulakin-G (pGlu-Ser-Glu-Glu-Gly-Gly-Ser-Asn-Ala-[beta-D-Galp-(1-->3)-alpha-D-GalpNAc-(1-->]Thr-Lys-Lys-Pro-Tyr-Ile-Leu-OH) is a potent analgesic from Conus geographus venom. The ...
Zheng Yi-Nan - - 2005
Apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranuronide (1), luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranuronide (2), m-hydroxybenzyl beta-D-glucoside (3), and chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranuronide (4) were isolated for the first time from the leaves of Salix matsudana. Furthermore, the effects of compounds 1, 2 and 3 on arachidonic acid metabolism were studied. These compounds inhibited significantly the production of 12-hydroxy-5, 8, 10, ...
Jayakanthan K - - 2005
[structure: see text] Sugar-derived dienes undergo Diels-Alder reactions with methyl alpha-nitro acrylate and ethyl beta-nitro acrylate to form the corresponding cycloadducts which have been converted into conformationally constrained C-glycosyl alpha- and beta-amino acids. Further, these beta-amino acids are converted into sugar-carbamino sugar hybrid molecules.
Dondoni Alessandro - - 2005
The development of new methods for the preparation of C-glycosyl beta-amino acid libraries with chemical and stereochemical diversity levels was investigated and the results are described herein. Two complementary one-pot three-component Mannich-type and Reformatsky-type synthetic strategies have been developed for the construction of chiral 3-amino propanoate fragments (eventually bis-substituted at ...
Bezman Yair - - 2005
The potent odorant beta-damascenone was formed directly from 9'-cis-neoxanthin in a model system by peroxyacetic acid oxidation and two-phase thermal degradation without the involvement of enzymatic activity. Beta-damascenone formation was heavily dependent on pH (optimum at 5.0) and temperature, occurring over the two sequential phases. The first was incubation with ...
Krahulec Ján - - 2006
Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is known to produce a hyaluronic acid capsule to resist the host immune defense. As the structure of the polysaccharide is identical to the one produced by humans, the bacteria S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus is used in biotechnological production of hyaluronic acid. In our laboratory we ...
Bátka Dávid - - 2006
Complexes of aminohydroxamic acids, D,L-alpha-alaninehydroxamic acid (alpha-Alaha), sarcosinehydroxamic acid (Sarha), D,L-N-methyl-alpha-alaninehydroxamic acid (N-Me-alpha-Alaha), beta-alaninehydroxamic (beta-Alaha), L-aspartic acid-beta-hydroxamic acid (Asp-beta-ha), L-glutamic acid-gamma-hydroxamic acid (Glu-gamma-ha) and L-histidinehydroxamic acid (Hisha) with lead(II) in aqueous solution were studied by pH-potentiometric, 1H NMR and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI MS) methods. The results were compared ...
Cheel José - - 2005
Three E-cinnamic acid glycosides, tryptophan, and cyanidin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside were isolated from ripe fruits of the Chilean strawberry Fragaria chiloensis ssp. chiloensis. 1-O-E-Cinnamoyl-beta-D-xylopyranoside, 1-O-E-cinnamoyl-beta-D-rhamnopyranoside, and 1-O-E-cinnamoyl-alpha-xylofuranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranose are reported for the first time. The cinnamic acid glycosides and aromatic compound patterns in F. chiloensis fruits were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). HPLC ...
Liao Li-Ping - - 2005
A new HPLC coupled with evaporative light scattering detection method was established for the simultaneous determination of seven triterpenoids and triterpenoid saponins in Folium Ilicis Purpureae traditional Chinese medicinal herb derived from the leaf of Ilex purpurea, namely, 3-omicron-beta-D-glucopyranosyl (1-->2)-beta-D-[6-omicron-methyl-glucuronopyranosyl]-28-omicron-beta-D-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acid (SQ-1), pedunculoside (SQ-2), 23-hydroxytormentic acid 28-omicron-beta-D-glucopyranoside (SQ-3), 23-hydroxytormentic ...
Ono Kenjiro - - 2005
Inhibition of the formation of beta-amyloid fibrils (fAbeta), as well as the destabilization of preformed fAbeta in the CNS, would be attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We reported previously that curcumin (Cur) inhibits fAbeta formation from Abeta and destabilizes preformed fAbeta in vitro. Using fluorescence ...
Tang Weihua - - 2005
The new single-isomer of positively charged beta-cyclodextrin, mono-6A-N-pentylammonium-6A-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin chloride (PeAM-beta-CD), was employed for the first time for the enantioseparation of anionic and ampholytic analytes by capillary electrophoresis (CE). The synthesis and characterization of PeAM-beta-CD were reported. The effect of background electrolyte (BGE) pH and selector concentration on the enantioseparation was ...
Bitar Yaser - - 2005
Aziridines are attracting interest as protease inhibitors, which might be used, e.g., for treatment of parasitic diseases. Within the framework of greater projects dealing with the search of new selective protease inhibitors, a huge number of aziridines with two stereogenic centers will be synthesized. Thus, a fast and reliable screening ...
Kathirgamanathar Selvaluxmy - - 2005
Two beta-orcinol depsidone lactones, the methyl ethers of menegazziaic acid and stictic acid were isolated along with glyceryl trilinolate and usnic acid from an Usnea sp. new to Sri Lanka growing on rotting trees of Acacia decurrans. Usnic acid exhibited potent antitermite activity against a common pest of tea, Glyptotermes ...
Krohn John E - - 2005
A thermodynamic equilibrium model has been developed to describe amino acid adsorption on microporous materials. The model addresses electrostatic, hydrophobic and steric interactions. A procedure for fitting the model's parameters is presented and should be applicable to the majority of the common 20 amino acids. The approach is demonstrated using ...
Delattre C - - 2005
Sinorhizobium meliloti M5N1CS synthesizes a homopolymer of glucuronic acids beta-(1,4) linked and variably C2 and/or C3O-acetylated. To obtain beta-Delta-(4,5)-unsaturated oligoglucuronans, various acetylated forms of this bacterial polymer were cleaved by a Trichoderma sp. GL2 glucuronan lyase. Oligomers with polymerization degrees up to 8 were then produced, purified by liquid chromatography ...
Tafi Andrea - - 2005
Boronic acids are a very appealing class of serine proteases inhibitors whose rational design suffers, in spite of their therapeutic potential, from the lack of boron-related parameters in force fields commonly used for proteins. We introduced bonded, non-bonded and point charges in the MacroModel/Amber force field, as well as GB/SA ...
Suzuki Takayuki - - 2005
[reaction: see text] A novel and efficient synthetic method is described for (2S,3S)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenyl butyric acid derivatives, which are useful intermediates of enzyme inhibitors. This involves a Pummerer rearrangement of a beta-ketosulfoxide derived from l-phenylalanine followed by highly stereoselective acyl migration. From these studies, it appears that nitrogen-protecting groups exert a ...
Gao Zi-Wei - - 2005
An effective and novel approach to obtaining electrorheological particles with high performance through the formation of host-guest complexes has been achieved. The significant preponderance of the host-guest complex formation is that the host structure can be controlled easily by adding different guests. Based on this point, six supramolecular complexes of ...
Mitsukura Koichi - - 2005
Mucor circinelloides and Mortierella isabellina hydroxylated dehydroabietic acid (DehA). DehA was converted regio- and stereo-selectively by whole cells of Mr. circinelloides to give 2alpha-hydroxydehydroabietic acid in a 75% molar conversion yield (11 mM from 14.7 mM DehA) after 72 h in the cultivation medium containing 3% (v/v) Tween 80. With ...
Vogelsang Katharina - - 2006
Cell suspension cultures of the hornwort Anthoceros agrestis Paton (Anthocerotaceae) were cultivated and characterized in CB-media containing 2 and 4% sucrose. The suspension cells accumulated rosmarinic acid up to 5.1% of the cell dry weight as well as caffeoyl-4'-hydroxyphenyllactate. Moreover, a more hydrophilic compound was detected which was isolated and ...
Oku Naoya - - 2005
The absolute stereochemistry of the three unresolved structural components in neamphamide A (1) was determined to be (R)-beta-methoxy-L-tyrosine, (2R,3R,4S)-4-amino-7-guanidino-2,3-dihydroxyheptanoic acid, and (2R,3R,4R)-3-hydroxy-2,4,6-trimethylheptanoic acid. Stereochemical assignments were made by chemical degradation of 1, derivatization of the resulting products, and then spectroscopic and chromatographic comparison of the derivatives with synthetically prepared standards. ...
Tang Weihua - - 2005
A novel single-isomer positively charged beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD), mono-6(A)-butylammonium-6(A)-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin tosylate (BuAM-beta-CD), has been synthesized, characterized, and used for the enantioseparations of alpha-hydroxy acids, carboxylic acids, and ampholytic analytes by capillary electrophoresis in acidic aqueous background electrolytes. The effective mobilities of all studied analytes decreased with increasing concentration of CD. Satisfactory resolutions ...
Kandori Kazuhiko - - 2006
The influence of amino acids on the formation of hematite particles from a forced hydrolysis reaction of acidic FeCl3 solution was examined. The spherical particles were produced on the systems with L-phenylalanine (L-Phe), L-serine (L-Ser) and L-alanine (L-Ala), though L-glutamine (L-Gln) and L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) gave ellipsoidal hematite particles. This ...
Kuhl A - - 2005
The structural element of alicyclic beta-amino acids shows some remarkable biological effects: For some 5- and 6-membered beta-amino acids a unique anti fungal activity has been observed, 7-membered beta-amino acid derivatives have been investigated for neurological disorders. The application of 5-, 6- and 7-membered alicyclic beta-amino acids in Medicinal Chemistry ...
Gross Florian - - 2005
Simple beta-lactams and their hydrolysis products, the beta-amino acids, react with TpZn-OH under deprotonation. The latter become semibidentate carboxylate ligands with a NH...O hydrogen bond, and the former become N-bound beta-lactamide ligands. Likewise the antibiotic derivatives 6-aminopenicillanic acid and 7-aminocephalosporanic acid are incorporated as carboxylate ligands. beta-Lactams bearing nitrophenyl or ...
Lee Jong Kwon - - 2005
Beta-chlorolactic acid is a major intermediate of 3-monochloro-1,2-propanediol (MCPD) in mammalian species, which a well-known by-product of acid-hydrolyzed soy sauce during its manufacturing process. beta-Chlorolactic acid has not been studied on immunotoxicity. To evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of beta-chlorolactic acid on murine splenocyte and macrophage in vitro, we investigated splenocyte ...
Santos Renata P - - 2005
A careful NMR analysis with full assignment of the 1H and 13C spectral data for two minor saponins isolated from stems of Cordia piauhiensis is reported. These saponins were isolated by high-performance liquid chromatography and characterized as 3beta-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]pomolic acid 28-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (1) and 3beta-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]oleanolic ...
Bravo-Diaz Carlos - - 2005
We have investigated the effects of sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS, on the reaction between 4-nitrobenzenediazonium, 4NBD, ions and beta-cyclodextrin, beta-CD, under acidic conditions at T = 60 degrees C by employing a combination of spectrophotometric, chromatographic, and conductometric techniques. Previous studies under acidic conditions indicate that the secondary -OH groups ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >