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Results 251 - 300 of 1703
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Khachik Frederick - - 2007
(3R,3'R,6'R)-Lutein (1), (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin (2), (3R,6'R)-alpha-cryptoxanthin (3), and (3R)-beta-cryptoxanthin (4) are among dietary hydroxycarotenoids that have been identified in human serum, milk, and ocular tissues. While 1 containing 6% of 2 is commercially available, industrial production of optically active 3 and 4 has not yet been accomplished. Several processes have been ...
Koukoulitsa Catherine - - 2007
In this study, five secondary metabolites (caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, lithospermic acid B, 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid 12-O-beta-glucoside and p-menth-3-ene-1,2-diol 1-O-beta-glucopyranoside) isolated from the polar extracts of the plant Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum, were tested in vitro for their ability to inhibit soybean lipoxygenase. Among the examined compounds, lithospermic acid B ...
Defoirdt Tom - - 2007
Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant luminescent Vibrios can cause dramatic losses in aquaculture. In this study, the short-chain fatty acid beta-hydroxybutyrate and its polymer poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate were investigated as possible new biocontrol agents. beta-Hydroxybutyrate was shown to completely inhibit the growth of pathogenic Vibrio campbelli at 100 mM. Moreover, the addition of ...
Arewång Carl Johan - - 2007
The investigation of drug metabolism requires substantial amount of metabolites. Isolation from urine is tedious, therefore, the material obtained by synthesis is preferred. Substantial amounts of three tentative drug metabolites, phenolic glucuronides, have been prepared using easily available glycosyl donors. The final products [3(2-N-methyl-N-isopropylaminoethoxy)phenyl] beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid, 4-amino-3,5-dimethylphenyl beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid and ...
Kim Juhan - - 2007
A novel beta-transaminase gene was cloned from Mesorhizobium sp. strain LUK. By using N-terminal sequence and an internal protein sequence, a digoxigenin-labeled probe was made for nonradioactive hybridization, and a 2.5-kb gene fragment was obtained by colony hybridization of a cosmid library. Through Southern blotting and sequence analysis of the ...
Schachtschabel Doreen - - 2007
Trisporic acids and their biosynthetic precursors represent a family of powerful fungal pheromones and morphogenetic factors. A highly flexible synthetic protocol is described that (i) provides rapid access to nonfunctionalized early trisporoids from beta-ionone, (ii) includes a regiospecific oxidative functionalization of beta-ionone leading to 1-acetoxy-beta-ionone giving access to functionalized trisporoids, ...
MacKenzie Alasdair K - - 2007
The ultimate step in the biosynthesis of the medicinally important beta-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid is catalyzed by clavulanic acid dehydrogenase (CAD). CAD is responsible for the NAPDH-dependent reduction of the unstable intermediate clavulanate-9-aldehyde to yield clavulanic acid. Here, we report biochemical and structural studies on CAD. Biophysical analyses demonstrate that ...
Gohier Frédéric - - 2007
The [4 + 2] acido-catalyzed heterocycloaddition between new beta-substituted N-vinyl-1,3-oxazolidin-2-ones (with R' = Me, Ar, CH2 Ar) and beta,gamma-unsaturated alpha-ketoesters (R = Ar) afforded heteroadducts with high levels of endo and facial selectivities. A complete reversal of facial differentiation was achieved by varying the Lewis acid, leading to the stereoselective ...
Rajendiran N - - 2007
Spectral characteristics of N-phenylanthranilic acid (NPAA) have been studied in different solvents, pH and beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) and compared with anthranilic acid (2-aminobenzoic acid, 2ABA). In all solvents a dual fluorescence is observed in NPAA, whereas 2ABA gives single emission. Combining the results observed in the absorption, fluorescence emission and fluorescence ...
Thomson Jodi M - - 2007
Boronic acid transition state inhibitors (BATSIs) with R1 side chains of cefotaxime and ceftazidime were assayed against SHV-1, SHV-2, SHV-5, D104K, and D104K G238S beta-lactamases. The D104K variant was the most susceptible to inhibition by the ceftazidime BATSI (Ki, 730+/-80 nM), while the D104K G238S variant was the most susceptible ...
Keukeleire Jelle De - - 2007
The concentrations of alpha-acids, beta-acids, desmethylxanthohumol, and xanthohumol were monitored in the hop varieties Admiral (A), Wye Challenger (WC), and First Gold (FG) during the harvest seasons of 2003 through 2005. Hops grown under an organic regimen were compared to plants grown conventionally in hop fields in close vicinity. The ...
Uchisawa Hidemitsu - - 2007
Previous studies have demonstrated that frozen preparations of the brackish-water bivalve Corbicula japonica significantly increase the content of free ornithine found in its extracts. Here we report a novel ornithine-containing tripeptide commonly found in C. japonica, which is believed to be the source of increased free ornithine. The new peptide, ...
Eberle Silvia Eandi - - 2007
Hb Alesha is caused by a GTG-->ATG mutation at codon 67 of the beta-globin gene, resulting in abnormal beta-globin chains in which the normal beta67(E11) valine is changed to methionine. This hemoglobin (Hb) is also known as Hb Bristol, the first unstable Hb described, since in a fraction of the ...
Forró Enikõ - - 2007
The first direct enzymatic method is reported for the synthesis of cis and trans beta-amino acid enantiomers through the lipase-catalyzed enantioselective hydrolysis of alicyclic beta-amino esters in organic media. High enantioselectivities (E usually >100) were observed when the Candida antarctica lipase B catalyzed reactions were performed with H2O (0.5 equivalents) ...
O'Brien Colin - - 2007
The reaction of silylated nucleophiles with 6,1-anhydroglucopyranuronic acid (glucuronic acid 6,1-lactones) catalysed by tin(IV) chloride provides 1,2-trans or 1,2-cis (deoxy)glycosides in a manner dependent on the donor structure. The alpha-glycoside was obtained for reactions of the donor with the 2-acyl group and 2-deoxydonors, whereas the 2-deoxy-2-iodo donor gave the beta-glycoside. ...
Negrón-Silva Guillermo - - 2007
Sulfated zirconia and SZ/MCM-41 were used as catalysts for the synthesis of beta-aminoalcohols via epoxide aminolysis. Sulfated zirconia was prepared by sol-gel and SZ/MCM-41 was obtained by impregnation. Solid catalysts were characterized by XRD, SEM-EDS, UV-Vis, FT-IR pyridine desorption and Nitrogen physisorption. Both acid materials were useful as catalysts, even ...
Antunes Patricia - - 2007
Radiolabeled somatostatin analogues have been successfully used for targeted radiotherapy and for imaging of somatostatin receptor (sst1-5)-positive tumors. Nevertheless, these analogues are subject to improving their tumor-to-nontarget ratio to enhance their diagnostic or therapeutic properties, preventing nephrotoxicity. In order to understand the influence of lipophilicity and charge on the pharmacokinetic ...
Manguro Lawrence Onyango Arot - - 2007
Five flavonol glycosides characterised as kaempferide 3-O-(2'',3''-diacetylglucoside), kaempferide 3-O-(2''-O-galloylrhamnoside), kaempferide 3-O-(2''-O-galloylrutinoside)-7-O-alpha-rhamnoside, kaempferol 3-O-[beta-glucosyl-(1 --> 2)]-[alpha-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 6)]-beta-glucoside-7-O-alpha-rhamnoside and kaempferol 3-O-[alpha-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 2)]-[alpha-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 4)]-beta-glucoside-7-O-alpha-rhamnoside together with benzoic acid 4-O-beta-glucoside, benzoic acid 4-O-alpha-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-glucoside and benzaldehyde 4-O-beta-glucoside have been isolated from methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves. Also obtained from ...
Pawlowska Agata Maria - - 2006
Arbutus unedo L., the strawberry tree (Ericaceae family), is an evergreen shrub or small tree, typical of the Mediterranean fringe and climate. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the profile of the phenolic constituents of A. unedo fruits. Seven compounds were purified by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography ...
Kim J J - - 2006
The present study was carried out to examine changes in the chemical and sensory properties of butter in which the cholesterol was reduced and to which evening primrose oil (EPO) and phytosterols were added. Crosslinked beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) made from adipic acid was used, and approximately 90% of the cholesterol was ...
Hamedi J - - 2006
Clavulanic acid is a natural occurring beta-lactam product of Streptomyces clavuligerus and is a potent inhibitor of bacterial beta-lactamases. The present work reports a microbiological assay based on the cylinder-plate method for determination of clavulanic acid. The assay is based on the inhibitory effect of clavulanic acid in combination with ...
Kina Asato - - 2006
In the 1,4-addition of phenylboronic acid to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, [Rh(OH)(cod)]2 has a much higher catalytic activity than [Rh(OH)(binap)]2 (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene, binap = 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl). Kinetic studies revealed that the rate-determining transmetalation step in the catalytic cycle has a large rate constant when [Rh(OH)(cod)]2 is used.
Liénard Benoît M R - - 2007
Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) catalyze the hydrolysis of beta-lactams including penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems. Starting from benzohydroxamic acid (1) structure-activity studies led to the identification of selective inhibitors of the FEZ-1 MBL, e.g., 2,5-substituted benzophenone hydroxamic acid 17 has a K(i) of 6.1+/-0.7microM against the FEZ-1 MBL but does not significantly inhibit ...
Hörger Rolf - - 2006
Mannuronic acid (5) was transformed into the densely functionalised D,L-dipeptide mimic 1 and subsequently inserted into the cyclic hexapeptide 3. The gulo-configurated seven-membered lactam 1 exhibits an inverted ring conformation compared to the previously described L,L-dipeptide mimic 2. In spite of this considerable difference, both prefer the same i to ...
Chang Linda L - - 2007
VLA-4 is implicated in several inflammatory and autoimmune disease states. A series of cyclic beta-amino acids (beta-aa) was studied as VLA-4 antagonists. Binding affinity was highly dependent on the dihedral angle (phi) between the amino and the carboxyl termini of the beta-aa. Compound 5 m where the beta-aa is embedded ...
Shober Amy L - - 2006
Identification of the chemical P species in biosolids or manures will improve our understanding of the long-term potential for P loss when these materials are land applied. The objectives of this study were to determine the P species in dairy manures, poultry litters, and biosolids using X-ray absorption near-edge structure ...
Krohn John E - - 2006
This paper documents a continuation of work published in Langmuir 2005, 21, 8743-8750. We report new aspects of this amino acid adsorption study, including the effect of changing zeolite framework type and results from adsorption of mixed amino acids. In single-amino-acid adsorption experiments, zeolite Y (Si/Al=2.5) was found to adsorb ...
Tanaka Eriko - - 2006
A MUC1 type of glycopeptide was synthesized by the 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) protocol using benzyl and benzylidene-protected beta-D-Gal-(1-->3)-beta-D-GalNAc-Ser/Thr (TF-beta: a stereoisomer of the Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen). The synthetic glycopeptide was released from the resin with reagent K, and the resulting benzylated glycopeptide was deprotected under conditions of low-acidity ...
Pirnay Stephane O - - 2006
Recovery of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) urinary metabolites requires optimization of the hydrolysis of 4-hydroxy-3-methyoxymethamphetamine (HMMA), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyamphetamine (HMA), and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) conjugates prior to chromatographic analysis. Acidic and enzymatic hydrolysis with beta-glucuronidase from Escherichia coli and Helix pomatia were evaluated. Acid hydrolysis yielded 40.0% and 39.3% higher HMA recovery compared to E. ...
Khallouki F - - 2007
The root bark of Anisophyllea dichostyla R. Br. is traditionally used in the Democratic Republic Congo for the treatment of several conditions such as anorexia, fatigue and intestinal infections. We have identified and quantitated several polyphenol antioxidants in the methanol extract of the root bark (120g). The polyphenol content (3.32g/kg) ...
Zhang Mei - - 2006
The buds of Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem (Japanese angelica tree) have long been used as a tonic, antiarthritic and antidiabetic agent in China and Japan. We have isolated five triterpenoids, congmuyanosides A, C, D, echinocystic acid and 3-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-hederagenin from the buds of Aralia elata , and investigated their effects on ...
Kamila Sukanta - - 2006
Biocatalytic enantioselective hydrolysis of beta-hydroxy nitriles to corresponding (S)-enriched beta-hydroxy carboxylic acids has been achieved for the first time by an isolated nitrilase bll6402 from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110. This offers a new "green" approach to optically pure beta-hydroxy nitriles and beta-hydroxy carboxylic acids. The observed remote stereorecognition is surprising because ...
Bethel Christopher R - - 2006
Among the TEM-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), an amino acid change at Ambler position 104 (Glu to Lys) results in increased resistance to ceftazidime and cefotaxime when found with other substitutions (e.g., Gly238Ser and Arg164Ser). To examine the role of Asp104 in SHV beta-lactamases, site saturation mutagenesis was performed. Our goal ...
Fu Wen-Wei - - 2006
Three new A-ring lactone triterpenoid saponins, platycoside M-1 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone], platycoside M-2 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone 28-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside], and platycoside M-3 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside], were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of their ...
Schwaiger Stefan - - 2006
The analytical assessment of edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum) herb extracts, used in traditional alpine medicine, has resulted in the development of a HPLC-PAD-MS method that allows baseline separation of almost all constituents. Peak assignment of 14 analytes was achieved by comparison of retention times, UV and mass spectra with those of ...
Crich David - - 2006
An expedient synthesis of enantiomerically pure threo-beta-hydroxy-alpha-amino acid derivatives of phenylalanine, tyrosine, histidine, and tryptophan is described. The NBS-mediated radical bromination of the N,N-di-tert-butoxycarbonyl protected alpha-amino acids and subsequent treatment with silver nitrate in acetone provided the trans-oxazolidinones predominantly. Cesium carbonate catalyzed hydrolysis then generated the beta-hydroxy amino acid derivatives ...
Pozharitskaya Olga N - - 2006
An high-performance TLC (HPTLC) method for the separation of boswellic acids, the active constituents in Boswellia serrata extract, has been developed and TLC of these compounds on silica by automated multiple development (AMD) using solvent gradients was performed. Enhancement of the separation of boswellic acids on HPTLC plates was carried ...
Omura Hisashi - - 2006
We compared the chemical compositions of the osmeterial secretions of fourth and fifth (last) instars of eight swallowtail species of the tribe Papilionini. Four species (Papilio demoleus, P. polytes, P. paris, and P. macilentus) are Asian Rutaceae-feeding swallowtails. The other four (Chilasa epicydes, C. agestor, P. troilus, and P. glaucus) ...
Ikeda Hiroshi - - 2006
Four kinds of N-dansyl-amino acid-modified beta-cyclodextrins (beta-CDs) were prepared as fluorescent chemosensors for chiral discrimination. The use of an amino acid as a spacer improved binding affinities and chiral discrimination abilities of the chemosensors. N-dansyl-l-Phe-modified beta-CD showed high d-selectivity for norbornane derivatives and N-dansyl-d-Phe-modified beta-CD showed high l-selectivity for menthol. ...
Koukoulitsa Catherine - - 2006
From the polar extracts of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum 19 compounds have been isolated. The structures and relative stereochemistry have been elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and determined as apigenin, luteolin, chrysoeriol, diosmetin, quercetin, eriodictyol, cosmoside, vicenin-2, caffeic acid, p-menth-3-ene-1,2-diol 1-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 2-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 5-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 2,5-O-beta-diglucopyranoside, 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid, 12-hydroxyjasmonic ...
Raju M - - 2006
Improving the bioavailability of beta-carotene is vital to manage vitamin A deficiency. The influence of micellar oleic (OA), linoleic (LA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acids on plasma beta-carotene response and its conversion to retinol has been studied in rats employing single (9 h time course) and repeated (10 days) dose administrations. ...
Zanoli P - - 2007
Humulus lupulus (hops) is traditionally used as a tranquilizing herbal remedy. Here, we investigated the in vivo and in vitro effect of hop beta-acids on central nervous system function. Oral administration of beta-acids (5-10mg/kg) in rats produced an increased exploratory activity in the open field, a reduction in the pentobarbital ...
Yonekura Lina - - 2006
The intestinal absorption of carotenoids is thought to be mediated by the carotenoid assembly in mixed micelles, followed by its transfer into the enterocytes and subsequent secretion to the lymph as chylomicron particles. In the present study we investigated the effects of phospholipids and lysophospholipids with diverse fatty acyl moieties ...
Kobayashi Keiko - - 2006
Three saponins, isotheasaponins B1-B3, were isolated from the leaves of the tea plant Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, and their structures were determined to be theasapogenol B [beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1-->2)][beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl(1-->3)]-beta-D-gulcopyranosiduronic acid with two acyl groups by spectroscopic analysis.
Hashem Abul - - 2006
The present study was conducted to examine the comparative efficacy of potassium simplex optimization medium (KSOM) and North Carolina State University (NCSU)-23 medium supplemented with beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) and amino acids (AA) on the developmental competence of porcine in vitro fertilized (IVF) embryos. Four experiments were conducted. KSOM and NCSU-23 medium ...
Seo Woo Duck - - 2006
The high diastereoselectivity of the base-catalyzed epimerization of oxazolidin-2-ones 7 and 8 is shown to depend on the nature of the N-substituent (R group); when R = Bn, the 4,5-trans-product (4S,5R)-9 is formed, whereas when R = H the 4,5-cis-product (4S,5S)-10 is formed, both with >99:1 dr. The successful hydrolysis ...
Saçmaci M - - 2006
Various alpha/beta amino acid derivatives 5 were attached to compounds 3 to yield 2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-3-ones amino acids derivatives 6. This rare heterocyclic amino acid skeleton including the pyrrolo[1,2-b][1,3]oxazol moiety was also successfully prepared in the esteric form. The structure of the new compounds was characterized by spectroscopic methods.
Kawai Y - - 2006
The phenylpropanoid glycosides, vanicoside A and B, isolated from rhizomes of giant knotweed (Polygonum sachalinense) showed beta-glucosidase inhibitory activity, with IC(50) values of 59.8 and 48.3 mug/ml (59.9 and 50.5 muM), respectively. In contrast, p-coumaric acid and ferulic acid, corresponding to phenylpropanoyl moieties of vanicosides, exhibited very little inhibition.
Yasui Yumiko - - 2006
Conjugated linolenic acids (CLN) are geometric and positional isomers of linolenic acid. Growth inhibition and apoptosis induction by alpha-eleostearic acid (c9,t11,t13-CLN), beta-eleostearic acid (t9,t11,t13-CLN), alpha-calendic acid (t8,t10,c12-CLN) and beta-calendic acid (t8,t10,t12-CLN) were compared. beta-Eleostearic acid and beta-calendic acid, which have all-trans-conjugated double bonds, exerted stronger growth inhibition and more DNA ...
Rising Thomas W D F - - 2006
Oxazoline mono-, di-, tri- and hexasaccharides, corresponding to the core components of N-linked glycoprotein high mannose glycans, are synthesised as potential glycosyl donors for endohexosaminidase catalysed glycosylation of glycopeptides and glycoprotein remodelling. The crucial beta-D-Manp-(1-->4)-D-GlcpNAc linkage is synthesised via epimerisation of gluco disaccharide substrates by sequential triflation and nucleophilic substitution. ...
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