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Results 201 - 250 of 1703
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Kourtchev I - - 2008
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as isoprene and alpha-/beta-pinene, are photo-oxidized in the atmosphere to non-volatile species resulting in secondary organic aerosol (SOA). The goal of this study was to examine time trends and diel variations of oxidation products of isoprene and alpha-/beta-pinene in order to investigate whether they ...
Sayed Hanaa M - - 2008
Further phytochemical study on the aerial parts of Cyperus rotundus L. led to the isolation of a fructose-amino acid conjugate, N-(1-deoxy-alpha-D-fructos-1-yl)-L-tryptophan (16) and its tautomers, in addition to n-butyl-beta-D-fructopyranoside (1), ethyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (2), adenosine (3), (-)-(E)-caffeoylmalic acid (4), vitexin (5), isovitexin (6), orientin (7), epiorientin (8), myricetin 3-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside (9), luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside-6''-methyl ...
Dutot Laurence - - 2008
A new set of beta-amino acids that carry various crown ether receptors on their side chains of the general formula (S)-beta(3)-HDOPA(crown ether) (HDOPA: homo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine; (crown ether): [15]crown-5 ([15-C-5]), [18]crown-6 ([18-C-6]), [21]crown-7 ([21-C-7]), 1,2-Benzo-[24]crown-8 ([Benzo-24-C-8]) and (R)-Binol-[20]crown-6 ([(R)-Binol-20-C-6])) was prepared. Peptides that are based on these new crowned beta-amino acids combined ...
Paredes-Sabja Daniel - - 2008
Previous work showed that C. perfringens spores lacking the majority of alpha/beta-type small, acid-soluble spore proteins (SASPs) (termed alpha(-) beta(-) spores) exhibit greatly decreased resistance to moist heat and UV radiation. The current study demonstrated that these alpha(-) beta(-) spores had reduced resistance to hydrogen peroxide, hydrochloric acid, nitrous acid ...
Kim Tae-Dong - - 2008
SMCX/JARID1C was recently shown to be a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) demethylase. Here, we have identified an SMCX isoform that predominantly resides in the cytoplasm, but still efficiently demethylates trimethylated H3K4. SMCX requires several functional domains for its demethylase activity and is also capable of forming homomers through amino ...
Momtaz Maryam - - 2008
A graftable LDV (Leu-Asp-Val) peptidomimetic molecule (B-c) has been prepared from 3-(5-amino-2-hydroxy)phenyl-propionic acid, as alpha(4)beta(1) (VLA-4) integrin ligand. For that purpose, the mechanism of 3-(4-azidophenyl)propionic acid rearrangement has been revisited. Activation of Durapore DVPP-hydrophilic membrane, by surface wet chemistry using triazine trifluoride, followed by covalent coupling of B-c produced a ...
Misawa Yoshinori - - 2008
We describe here an efficient synthetic route to spacer-N-linked double-headed glycosides via a simple two-step procedure. N-Acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and N,N'-diacetylchitobiose [(GlcNAc)(2)] were treated with ammonia and the resulting N-beta-glycosylamines were coupled to a series of dicarboxylic acids. Condensation with each dicarboxylic acid proceeded stereoselectively to give the corresponding beta-N-linked double-headed ...
Stueckler Clemens - - 2007
Asymmetric bioreduction of alpha,beta-unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, such as 2-methylmaleic/fumaric and 2-methylenesuccinic acid, as well as the corresponding dimethyl esters, using three cloned enoate reductases furnished 2-methylsuccinic acid or dimethyl 2-methylsuccinate, respectively. Opposite stereoisomeric products were obtained in up to >99% ee either by choice of the enzyme or by using ...
Sadayappan Sakthivel - - 2008
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) phosphorylation modulates myocardial contractility and relaxation during beta-adrenergic stimulation. cTnI differs from the skeletal isoform in that it has a cardiac specific N' extension of 32 residues (N' extension). The role of the acidic N' region in modulating cardiac contractility has not been fully defined. To ...
Plaza Alberto - - 2007
Four new cyclic depsipeptides termed mirabamides A-D (1-4) have been isolated from the marine sponge Siliquariaspongia mirabilis and shown to potently inhibit HIV-1 fusion. Their structures were elucidated by NMR and ESIMS, and absolute stereochemistry of the amino acids was determined using advanced Marfey's methods and NMR. Mirabamides contain two ...
Latté Klaus Peter - - 2008
The structural diversity of the metabolic pool of Pelargonium reniforme was extended by the characterization of the 1C4-glucose based ellagitannin pelargoniin E, gallic acid n-butyl ester, (-)-4,4',9'-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxy-2,7'-cyclolignan 9-O-beta-glucopyranoside and reniformin, a diterpene ester comprised of a diterpene acid with an uncommon -(CH2)(2)- bridging element linked to 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethansulfonic acid. These metabolites ...
Rijpstra W Irene C - - 2007
The intact C33-C52 diester wax esters of the preen gland of the shorebirds Limosa lapponica, Pluvialis squatarola, and Pluvialis fulva were determined, using synthesized standards, to comprise predominantly C12-C16 beta-hydroxy fatty acids esterified with a C8-C18 fatty acid at the beta-hydroxy position and with predominantly C12-C20 fatty alcohols esterified at ...
Deng Guanghui - - 2007
A one-pot, large-scale procedure for preparing the Belokon-Soloshonok nucleophilic glycine equivalent 2-[N-(alpha-picolyl)amino]benzophenone (PABP) derived Ni(II) complex [GlyNi(II)PABP] is described. It has been accomplished by using isobutyl chloroformate to form PABP and then NaH/KOH as mixed bases to afford the corresponding complexes in a one-pot manner (up to an overall yield ...
Avunduk Sibel - - 2007
Four new triterpenoid saponins, chionaeosides A-D (1-4) were isolated from the roots of Paronychia chionaea. On the basis of their spectroscopic data, the structures of the new saponins were established as 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosylgypsogenic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosylgypsogenic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosylgypsogenic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), and 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosylgypsogenic acid (4).
Neuwirth Catherine - - 2007
We describe the first IMP metallo-beta-lactamase in Aeromonas caviae: IMP-19, which differed from IMP-2 by a single amino acid change (Arg to Ala at position 38). bla(IMP-19) was found within a class 1 integron located on a 35-kb plasmid. This is also the first description of an IMP producer in ...
Hayasaka Yoji - - 2007
A method for the screening of potential natural oak lactone precursors in oak wood extracts using LC-MS/MS combined with information-dependent acquisition was developed. The method was applied to extracts of American and French oak woods. As a result, cis-3-methyl-4-galloyloxyoctanoic acid (ring-opened cis-oak lactone gallate), (3S,4S)- and (3S,4R)-3-methyl-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyloctanoic acid (ring-opened cis- ...
Yu Bianyun - - 2008
The accumulation of carotenoids in higher plants is regulated by the environment, tissue type and developmental stage. In Brassica napus leaves, beta-carotene and lutein were the main carotenoids present while petals primarily accumulated lutein and violaxanthin. Carotenoid accumulation in seeds was developmentally regulated with the highest levels detected at 35-40 ...
Feng Yu-Lin - - 2007
From the bark of Zygophyllum fabago L., a new 27-nor-triterpenoid glycoside, 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-pyrocincholate (1), together with five known compounds, 3-O-6-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-pyrocincholate (2), quinovic acid (3), 3-O-6-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-quinovic acid (4), 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl- quinovic acid (5) and 3-O-6-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-cincholic acid (6), were isolated and their structures elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Compounds 1, 2 and ...
Heck Tobias - - 2007
In recent studies, we discovered that the three beta-peptidyl aminopeptidases, BapA from Sphingosinicella xenopeptidilytica 3-2W4, BapA from S. microcystinivorans Y2, and DmpA from Ochrobactrum anthropi LMG7991, possess the unique feature of cleaving N-terminal beta-amino acid residues from beta- and alpha/beta-peptides. Herein, we investigated the use of the same three enzymes ...
Yang Liya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that two metabolites that are elevated in ketosis (beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetone) modulate ion channels in a manner similar to anesthetics and produce anesthesia in animals. METHODS: alpha1beta2gamma2sgamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)), alpha1 glycine, NR1/NR2A N-methyl-d-aspartate, and two pore domain TRESK channels were expressed in ...
Davies Stephen G - - 2007
A systematic study of the effect of substitution within the beta-amino acid framework indicates that both beta(2)- and beta(3)-amino acids catalyse the Hajos-Parrish-Eder-Sauer-Wiechert reaction with poor to reasonable levels of enantioselectivity. These results led to the evaluation of the conformationally constrained beta-amino acid (1R,2S)-cispentacin, which catalyses the Hajos-Parrish-Eder-Sauer-Wiechert reaction with ...
Zanuy David - - 2007
The search for new building block templates useful for nanostructures design, targets protein motifs with a wide range of structures. Stabilizing these building blocks when extracted from their natural environment becomes a fundamental goal in order to successfully control their assembly. Targeted replacements of natural residues by conformationally constrained amino ...
Galland Stephanie - - 2007
This work describes the chemical synthesis of O-aryl-beta-D-glucosides and 1-O-beta-D-glucosyl esters of hydroxycinnamic acids. In particular, O-aryl-beta-D-glucosides were efficiently prepared via a simple diastereoselective glycosylation procedure using phase transfer conditions. Despite the lability of its ester linkage, 1-O-beta-D-caffeoylglucose could also be obtained using a Lewis acid catalyzed glycosylation step and ...
Cranfill David C - - 2007
The nonproteinogenic amino acid (2R,3R)-beta-methoxytyrosine, a constituent of several cyclic depsipeptide natural products, was synthesized in protected form (8) from a readily available cinnamate ester in four steps and 62% overall yield with a greater than 28:1 er and 19:1 dr. This method provides a highly efficient, enantio- and diastereoselective ...
Santos Renata P - - 2007
Two new bidesmoside triterpenoid saponins were isolated from stems of Cordia piauhiensis. Their structures, characterized as 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl pomolic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1) and 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2), were unequivocally established after extensive NMR (1H, 13C, DEPT 135 degrees, COSY, HSQC, HMBC, TOCSY, ...
Beddow James E - - 2007
Conjugate addition of lithium dibenzylamide to (S)-N(3)-acryloyl-4-isopropyl-5,5-dimethyloxazolidin-2-one (derived from l-valine) and alkylation of the resultant lithium beta-amino enolate provides, after deprotection, a range of (S)-2-alkyl-3-aminopropanoic acids in good yield and high ee. Alternatively, via a complementary pathway, conjugate addition of a range of secondary lithium amides to (S)-N(3)-(2'-alkylacryloyl)-4-isopropyl-5,5-dimethyloxazolidin-2-ones, diastereoselective protonation ...
Yew Wen Shan - - 2007
We assigned l-talarate dehydratase (TalrD) and galactarate dehydratase (GalrD) functions to a group of orthologous proteins in the mechanistically diverse enolase superfamily, focusing our characterization on the protein encoded by the Salmonella typhimurium LT2 genome (GI:16766982; STM3697). Like the homologous mandelate racemase, l-fuconate dehydratase, and d-tartrate dehydratase, the active site ...
Choudhari Sheetal M - - 2008
This work investigates the potential of metabolic stimulators, firstly to enhance the production of beta-carotene, and later use of inhibitors of lycopene cyclase so as to accumulate lycopene in the fermentation medium. Various non-ionic surfactants, natural oils, stimulators such as amino-acids, tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) intermediates, vitamin A and antibiotics ...
Jiang Lili - - 2007
Five oxanthrone C-glycosides, namely rumejaposide A-E, and an epoxynaphthoquinol, together with eight known compounds, 2,6-dihydroxy benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy benzoic acid, epicatechin, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzoic acid, 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyl benzoic acid, rutin, emodin and 2-acetyl-1,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-6-methoxynaphthalene, were isolated from the roots of Rumex japonicus. The structures of the oxanthrone C-glycosides were elucidated by application of ...
Marzouk Mohamed S A - - 2007
Two galloylglucosides, 6-hydroxy-eugenol 4-O-(6'-O-galloyl)-beta-D-4C1-glucopyranoside (4) and 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-propane-1,2-diol-2-O-(2',6'-di-O-galloyl)-beta-D -4C1-glucopyranoside (7), and two C-glycosidic tannins, vascalaginone (10) and grandininol (14), together with fourteen known metabolites, gallic acid (1), methyl gallate (2), nilocitin (3), 1-O-galloyl-4,6-(S)-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-(alpha/beta)-D-glucopyranose (5), 4,6-(S)-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-(alpha/beta)-D-glucopyranose (6), 3,4,6-valoneoyl-(alpha/beta)-D-glucopyranose (8), pedunculagin (9), casuariin (11), castalagin (12), vascalagin (13), casuarinin (15), grandinin (16), methyl-flavogallonate ...
Suratman Adhitasari - - 2007
Hydrochloric acid was investigated as a rinsing reagent to remove adsorbed proteins from linear polyacrylamide-coated capillaries for electrophoresis. Three model proteins were used, namely cytochrome c as a basic protein, beta-lactoglobulin as an acidic protein, and beta-casein as a more easily denaturing protein. In order to regenerate capillary surfaces, they ...
Diaz Jerome V - - 2007
The underlying mechanisms governing nonenzymatic pectin and pectate degradation during thermal treatment have not yet been fully elucidated. This study determined the extent of nonenzymatic degradation due to beta-elimination, acid hydrolysis, and demethylation during prolonged heating of citrus pectins and its influence on physicochemical properties. Solutions of citrus pectins, buffered ...
Belsito Emilia - - 2007
N-Methyl-beta(3)-amino acids are important building blocks in the synthesis of biologically active molecules. A very simple and efficient approach to transform natural alpha-amino acids into their corresponding N-methyl-beta(3)-amino acids is here presented. In the method, the key intermediates N-methyl-N-nosyl-alpha-aminoacyldiazomethanes are prepared in only one step, by a simple treatment of ...
Guzmán-Martinez Aikomari - - 2007
A synthesis of orthogonally protected L-threo-beta-hydroxyasparagine from L-aspartic acid is reported. Iodocyclization of 3-benzoylaminoaspartic acid provided an intermediate oxazoline dicarboxylate that was efficiently hydrolyzed to L-threo-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid. The synthetic route for conversion of the free beta-hydroxy-alpha-amino acid into the target compound is highly efficient and amenable to preparation various orthogonally ...
Díaz-Sánchez Blanca R - - 2007
A convenient, one-pot procedure for the synthesis of 1-benzoyl-2(S)-substituted-5-iodo-2,3-dihydro-4(H)-pyrimidin-4-ones by tandem decarboxylation/beta-iodination of the corresponding 6-carboxy-perhydropyrimidin-4-ones was developed. In addition, several 1-benzoyl-2(S)-substituted-5-bromo-2,3-dihydro-4(H)-pyrimidin-4-ones were readily prepared by bromination of 1-benzoyl-2(S)-substituted-2,3-dihydro-4(H)-pyrimidin-4-ones. Subsequently, Sonogashira coupling of the halogenated heterocyclic enones with various terminal alkynes produced 1-benzoyl-2(S)-isopropyl-5-alkynyl-2,3-dihydro-4(H)-pyrimidin-4-ones in good yields. Hydrogenation of the unsaturated ...
Zhu Dunming - - 2007
Alpha-ethylation is concomitant with the reduction of aromatic beta-ketonitriles catalyzed by whole-cell biocatalysts. Use of isolated carbonyl reductase has completely eliminated this competing reaction. (R)-beta-Hydroxy nitriles were obtained via a reduction catalyzed by a recombinant carbonyl reductase with excellent optical purity and were further converted to (R)-beta-hydroxy carboxylic acids via ...
Andersen Svend Olav - - 2007
During sclerotization of insect cuticle the acyldopamines, N-acetyldopamine (NADA) and N-beta-alanyldopamine (NBAD), are oxidatively incorporated into the cuticular matrix, thereby hardening and stabilizing the material by forming crosslinks between the proteins in the cuticular matrix and by forming polymers filling the intermolecular spaces in the cuticle. Sclerotized cuticle from the ...
Sabareesh V - - 2007
Ten new cyclic hexadepsipeptides, six isariins and four isaridins, from the fungus Isaria have been identified and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography, coupled to tandem electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESIMS/MS). The isariins possess a beta-hydroxy acid residue and five alpha-amino acids, while isaridins contain a beta-amino acid, an alpha-hydroxy acid, ...
Ileri N - - 2007
AIMS: Investigation of the phosphate effect and feeding strategy, i.e. linear and exponential feeding, to improve beta-lactamase production by Bacillus licheniformis considering the viability of the cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Effect of phosphate enrichment on beta-lactamase production was investigated and resulted in 1.2-fold increase in beta-lactamase activity. Thereafter, exponential and ...
Fraga Braulio M - - 2007
The biotransformation of 7alpha-hydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene (epi-candol A) by the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi gave 7alpha,16alpha,17-trihydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene and a seco-ring B derivative, fujenoic acid, whilst the incubation of candicandiol (7alpha,18-dihydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene) and canditriol (7alpha,15alpha,18-trihydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene) afforded 7alpha,18,19-trihydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene and 7alpha,11beta,15alpha,18-tetrahydroxy-ent-kaur-16-ene, respectively. The presence of a 7alpha-hydroxyl group in epi-candol A avoids its biotransformation along the biosynthetic pathway ...
Chi Yonggui - - 2007
Proline-catalyzed diastereoselective aminomethylation of aldehydes using a chiral iminium ion, generated from a readily prepared precursor, provides alpha-substituted-beta-amino aldehydes with 85:15 to 90:10 dr. The alpha-substituted-beta-amino aldehydes can be reduced to beta-substituted-gamma-amino alcohols, the major diastereomer of which can be isolated via crystallization or column chromatography. The amino alcohols are ...
Lin Hai-Shu - - 2007
13-cis-Retinoic acid (13-cis-RA), also known as isotretinoin, is commonly used in the management of severe acne. Its clinical efficacy in oncology has also been documented. As a vitamin A derivative, it is not soluble in water. This solubility barrier not only affects its oral absorption but also makes parenteral delivery ...
Yu M - - 2007
Two new triterpene saponins, 16-O-acetyl-21-O-angeloyltheasapogenol A 3-O-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1 --> 2)][beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1 --> 2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl (1 --> 3)]-beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid (1) and 16,28-O-diacetyl-21-O-tigloyltheasapogenol A 3-O-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1 --> 2)][beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1 --> 2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl (1 --> 3)]-beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid (2), together with four known triterpenenes, have been isolated from the dried seedling of Aronia melanocarpa, and their structures established by spectroscopic ...
Warhurst David C - - 2007
Chloroquine (CQ), a 4-aminoquinoline, accumulates in acidic digestive vacuoles of the malaria parasite, preventing conversion of toxic haematin to beta-haematin. We examine how bis 4-aminoquinoline piperaquine (PQ) and its hydroxy-modification (OH-PQ) retain potency on chloroquine-resistant (CQ-R) Plasmodium falciparum. For CQ, PQ, OH-PQ and 4 and 5, representing halves of PQ, ...
Ghostin Jean - - 2007
The adults of the leaf beetle Platyphora kollari (Chrysomelidae) are able to metabolise the oleanane triterpene beta-amyrin (1) into the glycoside 3-O-beta-D: -glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D: -glucuronopyranosyl-hederagenin (2) that is stored in their defensive glands. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that oleanolic acid (3) is an intermediate in ...
Sunkara Gangadhar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The potential for a pharmacokinetic drug interaction between valsartan, an antihypertensive drug, and simvastatin, a lipid-lowering agent, was investigated in this study. This was an open-label, multiple-dose, randomized, three-period, cross over study in 18 healthy subjects. Each subject received one 160 mg valsartan tablet or one 40 mg simvastatin ...
Brondz Ilia - - 2007
This study was triggered by the absence of infractine in EtOH extracts of Cortinarius infractus and the presence of the beta-carboline-1-propionic acid [I. Brondz, K. Høiland, D.S. Bell, A.R. Annino, TheReporter, Supelco 24 (3) (2006) 6]. In previous studies it was determined that C. infractus contained indole alkaloid substances of ...
Zhang Minsheng - - 2007
An asymmetric synthesis of alpha-amino acids with novel beta-branched side chains has been implemented. The syntheses feature a p-toluenesulfinylimine induced chiral Strecker approach and were found to be applicable to the introduction of both aliphatic and aromatic beta-branched sidechains for preparation of previously unknown alpha-amino acids.
Bodini Sergio - - 2007
A vast bibliography on nutrient effects on high-density cultures exists, while it has been overlooked that low densities of starving cells are often the rule in natural environments. By means of a novel sensitive beta-galactosidase assay, we examined Escherichia coli transitions to minimal media when the cell concentration was 100 ...
Carpino Louis A - - 2007
Of the three theoretically possible, Bsmoc-related, naphthothiophene sulfone-based amino-protecting groups, the two most readily available derivatives, the alpha- and beta-Nsmoc analogues, have been examined as substitutes for the Bsmoc residue in cases where the latter lead to oily protected amino acids or amino acid fluorides. All of the naphtho systems ...
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