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Rilatt Ian - - 2008
Beta-amino alkylzinc iodides are intrinsically unstable toward beta-elimination and protonation. The aim of this study was to determine the rates of these processes and also to understand how the reactivity of a range of beta-amino alkylzinc iodides in Negishi cross-coupling reactions is influenced by the presence of functional groups within ...
Doi Yohei - - 2008
A disk potentiation method using carbapenems as substrates and 3-aminophenyl boronic acid as an inhibitor was evaluated for the detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-type beta-lactamases. When combined with nonsusceptibility to ertapenem, the method was easy to perform and reliably differentiated isolates producing KPC-type beta-lactamases from those producing other types ...
Keane Deirdre - - 2008
Both stimulatory and detrimental effects of NEFAs (non-esterified fatty acids) on pancreatic beta-cells have been recognized. Acute exposure of the pancreatic beta-cell to high glucose concentrations and/or saturated NEFAs results in a substantial increase in insulin release, whereas chronic exposure results in desensitization and suppression of secretion followed by induction ...
Hyyryläinen Anna R M - - 2009
Stereochemical differentiation of five diastereomeric pairs of beta-amino acids, di-endo- and di-exo-2,3-disubstituted norbornane and norbornene amino acids, cis- and trans-2-aminocyclohexane-, 2-amino-4-cyclohexene-, and 2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acids, was investigated via the kinetic method with metal-bound trimeric complexes. This is the first time that diastereomers (di-endo/di-exo and cis/trans) have been differentiated with metal-bound trimeric ...
Bhatt Apoorva A School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2008
Mycolic acids are essential components of the mycobacterial cell wall. In this study, we show that a gene encoding a reductase involved in the final step of mycolic acid biosynthesis can be deleted in Mycobacterium smegmatis without affecting cell viability. Deletion of MSMEG4722 (ortholog of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Rv2509) altered culture ...
Shen Bo - - 2008
A two-step procedure involving the enantioselective addition of alpha-nitro esters to imines, followed by reductive denitration, provides a convenient new enantioselective synthesis of beta-amino acids. Specifically, beta-phenyl alanine derivatives with up to 98% ee are formed in good yield (64-88%) over two steps. The utility of the approach is demonstrated ...
Farag Salwa F - - 2009
Two new isoflavone glycosides, tectorigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside-4'-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1''''-->6''')-beta-D-glucopyranoside] (1) and iristectorigenin B 4'-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1'' --> 6'')-beta-D-glucopyranoside] (2), together with 11 known compounds, including six isoflavones, tectorigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside-4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), tectorigenin 4'-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1'''--> 6'')-beta-D-glucopyranoside] (4), tectorigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), genistein 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6), tectorigenin 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), and tectorigenin (8); two phenolic acid glycosides, vanillic acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (9) and ...
Younis Islam R - - 2008
Elimination of hydrogen sulfide from glutathione (GSH) converts a well known cellular nucleophile to an electrophilic species, gamma-glutamyldehydroalanylglycine (EdAG). We have found that a sulfonium metabolite formed from GSH and busulfan undergoes a facile beta-elimination reaction to give EdAG, which is an alpha,beta-unsaturated dehydroalanyl analog of GSH. EdAG was identified ...
Vatmurge Namdev S - - 2008
We report herein the synthesis and biological evaluation of bile acid dimers linked through 1,2,3-triazole and bis-beta-lactam. The dimers were synthesized using 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of diazido bis-beta-lactams , and terminal alkynes derived from cholic acid/deoxycholic acid in the presence of Cu(i) catalyst (click chemistry). These novel molecules were evaluated ...
Chen Kuo-Hsin - - 2008
Little attention has been paid to the role of adherens junctions (AJs) in acidic extracellular pH (pHe)-induced cell invasion. Incubation of HepG2 cells in acidic medium (pH 6.6) induced cell dispersion from tight cell clusters, and this change was accompanied by downregulation of beta-catenin at cell junctions and a rapid ...
Iden Hassan S - - 2008
Solid-phase syntheses of 1,3,5-tri-substituted and 1,3,4,5-tetra-substituted 1,4-diazepin-2-ones 15-18 have been accomplished by employing inexpensive commercially available alpha- and beta-amino acids on Wang resin. Reductive amination of the imine formed by condensation of Wang aldehyde resin respectively with beta-alaninate 2 and beta-homophenylalaninate 3, followed by aminoacylation with a set of alpha-N-Boc ...
Luke George P - - 2008
Beta-aryl-beta-ketophosphonates can be efficiently prepared in good yield by using a TFAA/85% H 3PO 4-mediated acylation of electron-rich arenes with phosphonoacetic acids. The conditions offer advantages over existing methods of preparing these useful compounds by not requiring the use of strong base, cryogenics, or an anhydrous and inert atmosphere. Furthermore, ...
Andersen Svend Olav - - 2008
Acid hydrolysates of cuticle from various insect species were quantitatively analyzed for five catecholic amino acid adducts. Four of the adducts are ketocatechols; in three of them the amino acid moiety, either lysine, glycine or beta-alanine, is connected via its amino group to the alpha-carbon atom of 3,4-dihydroxyacetophenone, in the ...
Roos Alexandra Andersson - - 2008
O-Acetyl-galactoglucomannan (AcGGM) is the major soft-wood hemicellulose. Structurally modified AcGGM and hydrogels of AcGGM were prepared. The degree of substitution (DS) of AcGGM was modified enzymatically with alpha-galactosidase, and chemically with an acrylate derivative, 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA). The hydrolysis of AcGGM with beta-mannanase was shown to increase with decreasing DS. AcGGM ...
Lev-Goldman Vered - - 2008
We synthesized two carminic acid (7-alpha-d-glucopyranosyl-9,10-dihydro-3,5,6,8-tetrahydroxy-1-methyl-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracene carboxlic acid, CA)-GnRH conjugates to be used as a model for potential photoactive targeted compounds. CA was conjugated to the epsilon-amino group of [d-Lys(6)]GnRH through its carboxylic moiety or via a beta-alanine spacer (beta-ala). Redox potentials of CA and its conjugates were determined. We ...
Jakowiecki Jakub - - 2008
Nitrones derived from aromatic or aliphatic aldehydes or ketones react with hexafluoropropene (HFP) or 2H-pentafluoropropene (PFP) to give the respective fluorinated isoxazolidine derivatives in good yields with complete regioselectivity and moderate diastereoselectivity. Catalytic hydrogenolysis of the N-O bond under ambient pressure and temperature leads to fluorides of beta-amino acids that ...
Shimada Masahiko - - 2008
Methoxy-substituted 1,6-enynes react with arylboronic acids in the presence of a rhodium(I) complex to give arylated cyclization products. This occurs by a multi-step mechanism consisting of rhodium/boron transmetalation, intermolecular carborhodation, intramolecular carborhodation, beta-hydride elimination, hydrorhodation, and beta-oxygen elimination. A shift of the position of a carbon-carbon double bond is observed, ...
van Kuilenburg A B P - - 2008
Dihydropyrimidinase (DHP) deficiency is an inborn error of the pyrimidine degradation pathway, affecting the hydrolytic ring opening of the dihydropyrimidines. In two siblings with a complete DHP deficiency and a variable clinical presentation, a normal concentration of beta-alanine and strongly decreased levels of beta-aminoisobutyric acid were observed in plasma, urine ...
Tabopda Turibio Kuiate - - 2008
Fractionation of stem barks of Terminalia superba yielded two new ellagic acid derivatives, 3,4'-di-O-methylellagic acid 3'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (1) and 4'-O-galloy-3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid 4-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (2) together with known 3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid, ellagic acid and 3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid 4'-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside. Compounds (1) and (2) showed significant alpha-glucosidase inhibition activity and possessed significant immunoinhibitory activities with no cytotoxic ...
Tegoni Matteo - - 2008
A complete thermodynamic study of the protonation and Cu(II) complex formation equilibria of a series of alpha- and beta-aminohydroxamic acids in aqueous solution was performed. The thermodynamic parameters obtained for the protonation of glycine-, (S)-alpha-alanine-, (R,S)-valine-, (S)-leucine-, beta-alanine- and (R)-aspartic-beta-hydroxamic acids were compared with those previously reported for gamma-amino- and ...
Aachary Ayyappan Appukuttan - - 2008
Eight different fungi were cultivated in a peptone-yeast extract medium containing 1% oat spelt xylan (OSX) to evaluate endo-1,4-beta-xylanase secretion for xylooligosaccharide (XOS) production. Aspergillus oryzae MTCC 5154, Aspergillus flavus , Aspergillus niger , and Aspergillus ochraceus showed significant titers of endoxylanases, which were further used for the production of ...
Kakimoto Shuichiro - - 2008
The P2X(2/3) receptor has an important role in the nociceptive transmission. Minodronic acid is a third third-generation bisphosphonate and a potent inhibitor of bone resorption. We found that minodronic acid inhibited alpha,beta-methylene ATP-induced cation uptake with the potency higher than that of suramin in the P2X(2/3) receptor receptor-expressing cells. Other ...
Beck Joséphine - - 2008
The title compound 4 has been prepared in four steps from ethylglycinate in 63% overall yield. This amino analog of citric acid has been co-crystallized with the class A beta-lactamase BS3 of Bacillus licheniformis and the structure of the complex fully analyzed by X-ray diffraction. Tris-ethyl aminocitrate 3 and the ...
Ma Da-You - - 2008
Biotransformations of a number of racemic beta-hydroxy and beta-amino nitrile derivatives were studied using Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270, the nitrile hydratase and amidase-containing microbial whole cell catalyst, under very mild conditions. The overall enantioselectivity of nitrile biotransformations was governed predominantly by the amidase whose enantioselectivity was switched on remarkably by an ...
Dickenson Eric R V - - 2008
While it is known that resorcinol- and phenol-type aromatic structures within natural organic matter (NOM) react during drinking water chlorination to form trihalomethanes (THMs), limited studies have examined aliphatic-type structures as THM and haloacetic acid (HAA) precursors. A suite of aliphatic acid model compounds were chlorinated and brominated separately in ...
Shabalina Irina G - - 2008
In the present investigation, we have utilized the availability of UCP1(-/-) mice to examine a wide range of previously proposed lipid activators of Uncoupling Protein 1 (UCP1) in its native environment, i.e. in the brown-fat cells. A non-metabolizable fatty acid analogue, beta,beta cent-methyl-substituted hexadecane alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid (Medica-16) is a potent ...
Fukuoka Yoshihiro Y Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2008
Both mast cells and complement participate in innate and acquired immunity. The current study examines whether beta-tryptase, the major protease of human mast cells, can directly generate bioactive complement anaphylatoxins. Important variables included pH, monomeric vs tetrameric forms of beta-tryptase, and the beta-tryptase-activating polyanion. The B12 mAb was used to ...
Heredia-Moya Jorge - - 2008
Beta-(S-Methyl)thioaspartic acid occurs as a posttranslational modification at position 88 in Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S12, a position that is a mutational hotspot resulting in both antibiotic-resistant and antibiotic-sensitive phenotypes. Critical to research designed to determine the biological function of beta-(S-methyl)thioaspartic acid will be the availability of synthetic beta-(S-methyl)thioaspartic acid ...
Salcher Michaela M - - 2008
We investigated the diversity of planktonic Betaproteobacteria and the seasonal population changes of betaproteobacterial taxa in an oligo-mesotrophic lake (Piburger See, Austria). Focus was put on the vertical distribution of the investigated populations and on differences between their respective cell fractions with apparent amino acid incorporation. On average, 66% of ...
Dutot Laurence - - 2008
An induced axial chirality of the biphenyl core of the Bip (2',1':1,2;1'',2'':3,4-dibenzcyclohepta-1,3-diene-6-amino-6-carboxylic acid) residue in the terminally protected dipeptides Boc-Bip-beta-Xaa*-OMe (beta-Xaa* = L-beta(3)-HAla, L-beta(3)-HVal, L-beta(3)-HLeu, L-beta(3)-HPro, trans-(1S,2S)-ACHC, trans-(1R,2R)-ACHC, trans-(1S,2S)-ACPC, trans-(1R,2R)-ACPC) resulted in an induced circular dichroism, revealing the usefulness of the Bip method for a reliable and fast assignment of ...
Takahashi Arata - - 2008
1,1,3,3-Tetrakis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)propane was found as an excellent Brønsted acid catalyst for the Mukaiyama-Michael reaction of alpha,beta-enones with 2-silyloxyfurans; using beta,beta-disubstituted enones as a Michael acceptor, an excellent yield construction of quaternary carbon centers could be achieved; in addition, very low catalyst loading of Brønsted acid was used in a range from ...
Lam Wai-Ho - - 2008
2,3-Diaminobutyric acid (DABA) is an unusual di-amino acid component of mureidomycin A, a member of the peptidylnucleoside antibiotic family produced by Streptomyces flavidovirens SANK 60486. Radiochemical assays using cell-free extract from S. flavidovirens revealed that 14C-L-Thr is converted into radiolabelled DABA by an ammonia-dependent beta-replacement activity, and not via oxidation ...
Kikuchi Masao - - 2008
Three new glycosides, 7-deoxyloganic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1), (3R)-hydrangenol 8,4'-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), and (6R,7E,9R)-megastigma-4,7-dien-3-one 9,13-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), have been isolated from the leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla subsp. serrata (THUNB.) MAKINO (Saxifragaceae). The structures of 1-3 were elucidated on the basis of spectral data and chemical evidence.
Yamanoi Takashi - - 2008
Several partially benzylated mono-, di-, and trisaccharides having an anomeric hydroxyl group were successfully prepared by selective cleavage of the beta-fructofuranosidic linkage in fully benzylated sucrose and sucrose-related oligosaccharides derived from lactosucrose, raffinose, melezitose, stachyose, and nystose under acidic conditions using 1:10 75% aqueous sulfuric acid-dioxane at room temperature for ...
Lukaszuk Aneta - - 2008
Angiotensin IV, a metabolite of angiotensin II, inhibits the enzyme insulin regulated aminopeptidase or IRAP and also, although with lower potency, aminopeptidase-N (AP-N). When both beta (2)-homo amino acid- and beta (3)-homo amino acid substitutions were used, allowed the identification of H-( R)beta (2)hVal-Tyr-Ile-His-Pro-beta (3)hPhe-OH as a potent and stable ...
Avery Thomas D - - 2008
1,2-Dioxines react with glycine-derived phosphonate nucleophiles via a multistep cascade reaction to give beta-cyclopropyl amino acid derivatives in good yield with excellent control of the cyclopropane stereocentres. The cyclopropyl ketones were oxidized to the corresponding carboxylic esters using Baeyer-Villiger conditions. Standard deprotection protocols produced a series of known beta-cyclopropyl amino ...
Zhu Kun - - 2008
Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes a rhamnolipid (RL) surfactant that functions in hydrophobic nutrient uptake, swarming motility, and pathogenesis. We show that RhlA supplies the acyl moieties for RL biosynthesis by competing with the enzymes of the type II fatty acid synthase (FASII) cycle for the beta-hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) pathway intermediates. ...
Bañuelos Oscar - - 2008
The capacity of two probiotic strains, isolated from human breast milk, to use several beta(2-1) fructan mixtures as carbon and energy source in in vitro cultures has been tested. Results showed that both strains, Lactobacillus gasseri CECT5714 and Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716, reached higher growth levels on culture media containing fructooligosaccharide ...
Tuwalska Dorota - - 2008
The synthesis of methyl 3-azido- and 3-amino-2,3-dideoxyhexopyranosiduronic acids and their methyl esters with the -alpha,beta-D-arabino-, -alpha,beta-D-ribo, and -alpha,beta-L-lyxo configurations is presented. The conformations of the synthesized sugar amino acids and their precursors are discussed on the basis of 1H NMR data. The influence of the 5-carboxyl group on the pyranose ...
Mendonça Nuno - - 2008
The new beta-lactamase SHV-72 was isolated from clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae INSRA1229, which exhibited the unusual association of resistance to the amoxicillin-clavulanic acid combination (MIC, 64 microg/ml) and susceptibility to cephalosporins, aztreonam, and imipenem. SHV-72 (pI 7.6) harbored the three amino acid substitutions Ile8Phe, Ala146Val, and Lys234Arg. SHV-72 had high catalytic ...
Yang Xiu-Wei - - 2008
Three new triterpenoid saponins, named isoescins VIIa (1), VIa (2), and VIIIa (3), were isolated from the seeds of Aesculus turbinata and identified by spectroscopic analysis and chemical hydrolysis. Their structures were established as 21beta-O-tigloyl-28-O-acetylprotoaescigenin 3beta-O-[beta-d-galactopyranosyl(1 --> 2)][beta-d-glucopyranosyl(1 --> 4)]-beta-d-glucopyranosiduronic acid (Isoescin VIIa, 1), 21beta-O-(2-methylbutyryl)-28-O-acetylprotoaescigenin 3beta-O-[beta-d-glucopyranosyl(1 --> 2)] [beta-d-glucopyranosyl(1 --> ...
Nahlé Zaher Z Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2008
The transcription factor FoxO1 contributes to the metabolic adaptation to fasting by suppressing muscle oxidation of glucose, sparing it for glucose-dependent tissues. Previously, we reported that FoxO1 activation in C(2)C(12) muscle cells recruits the fatty acid translocase CD36 to the plasma membrane and increases fatty acid uptake and oxidation. This, ...
Stalke Sebastian - - 2008
The ultrafast internal conversion dynamics of 12'-apo-beta-carotenoic-12'-acid (12'CA), 10'-apo-beta-carotenoic-10'-acid (10'CA) and 8'-apo-beta-carotenoic-8'-acid (8'CA) have been investigated by femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy. The three apocarotenoic acids were excited to the S(2) state with different excess energies. Time constants tau(1) for the IC process S(1)/ICT --> S(0) were measured by probing the dynamics ...
Seayad Jayasree - - 2008
A novel N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-catalyzed C-N bond formation by the reaction of alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and nitrosobenzene to N-phenylisoxazolidin-5-ones, followed by an acid-catalyzed esterification and Bamberger-like rearrangement in a mild one-pot protocol leads to N-p-methoxyphenyl (N-PMP) protected beta-amino acid esters.
Hajduch Jan - - 2008
Horner-Emmons fluoroolefination of an aryl aldehyde followed by introduction of a second fluorine via "FBr" addition provides an original approach to the preparation of 1-alkyl-2-aryl-1,2-difluoroethenes. The utility of this procedure is demonstrated by the preparation of (E and Z)-alpha,beta-difluorourocanic acid.
Rodríguez-Ropero Francisco - - 2008
Conformationally restricted amino acids are promising candidates to serve as basic pieces in redesigned protein motifs which constitute the basic modules in synthetic nanoconstructs. Here we study the ability of constrained cyclic amino acid 1-aminocyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (Ac6c) to stabilize highly regular beta-helical motifs excised from naturally occurring proteins. Calculations indicate ...
Gerstenberger Brian S - - 2008
Decomposition of a diazo beta-ketoamide derived from N-trityl serine imidazolide and N-protected acetanilides provides, instead of the expected 3-acyloxindole product, an enantiomerically pure (EP) beta-lactam. The amino acid stereocenter is incorporated, the second chiral center is induced, and trityl protection of the beta-lactam ring is realized for the first time. ...
Bhattacharjee Amitabha - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the in vitro activity of beta-lactamase inhibitors (clavulanic acid and sulbactam) in combination with third-generation cephalosporins and monobactam against extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing members of the Enterobacteriaceae family. METHODS: A total of 361 ESBL-producing enterobacterial isolates obtained from patients of a university hospital were screened for the status ...
Dilber Sanda P - - 2008
The article describes a two-step synthesis of diastereomeric 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-(4-biphenylyl)butanoic acids. In the first step an intermediate alpha-bromo propanoic acid 1-ethoxyethyl ester was synthesized. The second step is a new modified Reformatsky reaction in presence of Zn in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at -5 to 10 degrees C between the previously synthesized intermediate ...
Gámez José A - - 2008
The effect that unsaturation has on the intrinsic acidity of boranes, alanes, and gallanes, was analyzed by B3 LYP and CCSD(T)/6-311+G(3df,2p) calculations on methyl-, ethyl-, vinyl-, and ethynylboranes, -alanes and -gallanes, and on the corresponding hydrides XH3. Quite unexpectedly, methylborane, which behaves as a carbon acid, is predicted to have ...
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