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Results 501 - 550 of 1403
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Koutrafouri Vassiliki - - 2003
Thymosin beta-15 (Tbeta15), a 44 amino acid peptide (MW = 5173) localized in human prostate and breast cancer tissues was successfully synthesized in multigram quantities using Fmoc solid-phase peptide synthesis. The synthesized product was shown to have the right structure by ESI and MALDI mass spectral techniques and amino acid ...
Hayden J - - 2003
Intoxication by the zinc protease botulinus neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) results from cleavage of a single Q-R bond in the neuronal protein SNAP-25, which disables the docking mechanism required for neurotransmitter release. In the present study, potential inhibitors of BoNT-A were assessed from their effects on the BoNT-A cleavage of a ...
Lee So Young - - 2003
An antibacterial peptide with 16 amino acid residues was found in plasma of the freshwater crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus. This peptide, designated astacidin 1, was purified by cation-exchange column chromatography and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Astacidin 1 has a broad range of antibacterial activity, and it inhibits growth of both ...
Suzuki Takeo - - 2002
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulphonic acid), a naturally occurring, sulfur-containing amino acid, is found at high concentrations in mammalian plasma and tissues. Although taurine is involved in a variety of processes in humans, it has never been found as a component of a protein or a nucleic acid, and its precise biochemical functions ...
Hohsaka Takahiro - - 2002
Chemical and biological diversity of protein structures and functions can be widely expanded by position-specific incorporation of non-natural amino acids carrying a variety of specialty side groups. After the pioneering works of Schultz's group and Chamberlin's group in 1989, noticeable progress has been made in expanding types of amino acids, ...
Davies John S - - 2002
Two building blocks, Boc-Lys(Bn4-DTPA)-OH and Fmoc-Lys(Bu4(t)-DTPA)-OH have been synthesized via the acylation of the epsilon-amino group of N(alpha)-protected lysine, using suitably protected tetra-esters of diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), a ligand with wide application as a chelating agent for complexing metal tons to peptides.
Cezari Maria Helena S - - 2002
We have examined in detail the specificity of the subsites S1, S2, S1' and S2' for the carboxydipeptidase activity of cathepsin B by synthesizing and assaying four series of internally quenched fluorescent peptides based on the sequence Dnp-GFRFW-OH, where Dnp (2,4-dinitrophenyl) is the quenching group of the fluorescence of the ...
Doorn Jonathan A - - 2002
Lipid peroxidation yields the aldehydes 4-hydroxynonenal (4HNE) and 4-oxononenal (4ONE). Protein adduction by 4HNE is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. Currently, the reactivity of 4ONE toward proteins is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify amino acids that react with 4HNE and 4ONE, ...
Gruic-Sovulj Ita - - 2002
The ability of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases to distinguish between similar amino acids is crucial for accurate translation of the genetic code. Saccharomyces cerevisiae seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) employs tRNA-dependent recognition of its cognate amino acid serine [Lenhard, B., Filipic, S., Landeka, I., Skrtic, I., Söll, D. & Weygand-Durasevic, I. (1997) J. Biol. ...
Karavoltsos Manolis - - 2002
Monophthaloyl diamines derived from naturally occurring amino acids were attached through their free amino functions to resins of the trityl type. The phthaloyl groups were removed by hydrazinolysis, and peptide chains were assembled using Fmoc/tBu-amino acids on the liberated amino functions. The peptidyl aminoalkyl amides obtained were cleaved from the ...
Szabó Z - - 2002
Mating of two haploid cells is a prerequisite for the successful infection of corn by the pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis. Cell-cell recognition is mediated by small lipopeptide pheromones. Genes encoding pheromone precursors as well as pheromone receptors are located in the a mating type locus. Two pheromones are known, the ...
Aurelio Luigi - - 2002
[reaction: see text] N-Methyl amino acid residues in peptides modify several pharmacologically useful parameters, but synthesis of alkylated peptides is hampered by unavailability of N-methylated monomers. The syntheses of four N-methyl amino acids with basic side chains are presented. The side chains of these basic amino acids needed to be ...
Unniappan Surajlal - - 2002
Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) encoding goldfish preproghrelin was identified using rapid amplification of the cDNA ends (RACE) and reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The 490 bp cDNA encodes a 103 amino acid preproghrelin which has a 26 amino acid signal region, 19 amino acid mature peptide and a 55 ...
Nangle Leslie A - - 2002
The rules of the genetic code are established in reactions that aminoacylate tRNAs with specific amino acids. Ambiguity in the code is prevented by editing activities whereby incorrect aminoacylations are cleared by specialized hydrolytic reactions of aminoacyl tRNA synthetases. Whereas editing reactions have long been known, their significance for cell ...
Matsumoto Kazutsugu - - 2002
A significant enhancement of the applicability of the serine protease subtilisin Bacillus lentus (SBL) in peptide synthesis was achieved by using the strategy of combined site-directed mutagenesis and chemical modification to create chemically modified mutant (CMM) enzymes. The introduction of polar and/or homochiral auxiliary substituents, such as X=oxazolidinones, alkylammonium groups, ...
Tang Yi - - 2002
The fidelity of translation is dependent on the specificity of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs). The aaRSs that activate the hydrophobic amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine employ a proofreading mechanism that hydrolyzes noncognate aminoacyl adenylates and misaminoacylated tRNAs. Discrimination between structurally similar amino acids by these AARSs is believed to ...
Doytchinova Irini A - - 2002
The 3D-QSAR CoMSIA technique was applied to a set of 458 peptides binding to the five most widespread HLA-A2-like alleles: A*0201, A*0202, A*0203, A*0206 and A*6802. Models comprising the main physicochemical properties (steric bulk, electron density, hydrophobicity and hydrogen-bond formation abilities) were obtained with acceptable predictivity (q2 ranged from 0.385 ...
Maslov D L - - 2002
New peptidomimetics that have been obtained in the course of our experimental work show distinct insulin-like activity both in vitro and in vivo. The first peptidomimetic (PM 1) is essentially a decapeptide in which sites of A (20-21) and B (19-26) chains of insulin are linked by the peptides bond ...
Boillot F - - 2002
Leucine, alpha-methyl leucine and two peptides were exposed to space conditions on board the MIR station during the Perseus-Exobiology mission. This long duration space mission was aimed at testing the delivery of prebiotic building blocks. During this mission, two amino acids (leucine and alpha-methyl leucine) and two peptides (leucine-diketopiperazine and ...
Stöckle Matthias - - 2002
[structure: see text] Cyclopeptides containing Glucuronic acid methylamine (Gum) alternating with Gly, L-Ala, D-Ala, L-Phe, D-Phe, L-Lys, or D-Lys were synthesized by a combination of solid-phase synthesis and solution chemistry. A more effective pathway to synthesize the sugar amino acid Gum in higher yields and in a shorter period of ...
Peroni Elisa - - 2002
The new fluorescent lipophilic moiety 11-[(7-amino-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-3-acetyl)amino]undecanoic acid (AMCA-omegaAud-OH) was introduced by SPPS at the N-terminus of the immunodominant epitope GpMBP(74-85). FRET experiments using the new fluorescent lipopeptide demonstrate that the peptide interacts with much more affinity with the membrane compared to the lipid free analogue.
Opatz Till - - 2002
A novel selectively deprotectable triazacyclophane scaffold was used for the design and split-mix synthesis of two libraries of solid-phase bound tripodal synthetic receptors possessing three different amino acid or peptidic arms. In the synthesis of the first library, the two outer arms consisted of amino acid Ala, Arg, Asp, Gln, ...
Bessho Yoshitaka - - 2002
The ability to recognize tRNA identities is essential to the function of the genetic coding system. In translation aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) recognize the identities of tRNAs and charge them with their cognate amino acids. We show that an in vitro evolved ribozyme can also discriminate between specific tRNAs, and can ...
Bathgate Ross A D - - 2002
The objective of this study was to isolate and purify prorelaxin or mature relaxin from the tammar wallaby corpus luteum (CL), determine their structure and bioactivity, and test the hypothesis that enzymatic cleavage of prorelaxin occurs in late gestation. Tammar relaxin peptides were extracted from pooled corpora lutea of late ...
Plankensteiner Kristof - - 2002
Mutual catalytic effects within the Salt-Induced Peptide Formation (SIPF) Reaction might be one little puzzle piece in the complicated process of the formation of complex peptidic systems and their chemical evolution on the prebiotic earth. The catalytic effects of glycine and diglycine on the formation of dipeptides from mixed amino ...
Novatchev Nikolai - - 2002
As the second part of our studies on the impurity profiles of amino acids produced by biotechnological processes, a micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) was applied to determine amino sugars, low molecular peptides and amino acids as potential expected impurities at a level 0.1% w/w. 3-(4-Carboxybenzoyl)quinoline-2-carboxaldehyde (CBQCA) was found to be ...
Rothstein David M - - 2002
Histatins are a family of histidine-rich, cationic peptides composed of up to 38 amino acids. They are secreted by the salivary glands of humans and some subhuman primates and are thought to be part of the host defence system in the oral cavity. Histatins exhibit in vitro activity against both ...
Komolpis Kittinan - - 2002
Photogenerated acid (PGA) was used as the acid to remove the protection group from amino acids or peptide oligomers. Comparative study of the deprotection using a PGA, trisarylsulfonium antimonyhexafluoride (SSb), and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) was performed on glass microscope slides. The results showed that PGA can replace TFA in the ...
Caso Giuseppe - - 2002
Muscle protein synthesis in dogs measured by flooding with L-[(2)H(5)]phenylalanine (70 mg/kg) was significantly stimulated by infusion of insulin with amino acids. The stimulation of muscle protein synthesis was similar when calculated from the enrichment of phenylalanyl-tRNA (61 +/- 10%, P < 0.001), plasma phenylalanine (61 +/- 10%, P < ...
Pimenta Daniel C - - 2002
We explored the unique substrate specificity of the primary S, subsite of human urinary kallikrein (hK1), which accepts both Phe or Arg synthesizing and assaying peptides derived from Phenylacetyl-Phe-Ser-Arg-EDDnp, a previously described inhibitor with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities [Emim et al., Br. J. Pharmacol. 130 (2000), 1099-1107]. Phe was substituted ...
Morera Enrico - - 2002
[reaction: see text]1,2-Dithiolanes present several points of interest for both peptide and medicinal chemistry, yet no chiral alpha-amino acids containing this five-membered heterocyclic system are available. We report here the first synthesis of N- and C-protected derivative of (S)-2-amino-3-(1,2-dithiolan-4-yl)propionic acid (Adp) and its 1,3-dithiolic form.
Petersson E James - - 2002
Unnatural amino acid mutagenesis requires the in vitro production of aminoacyl tRNAs. Bacteriophage T4 RNA ligase is used to ligate a-amino-protected dCA amino acids to 74mer tRNA. Previously, there has been no facile method for evaluating the efficiency of this reaction prior to using the tRNA in translation. We report ...
Magrum Linda J - - 2002
Recognition of an amino acid-imbalanced diet (IMB) is thought to occur in the anterior piriform cortex (APC) of the brain in response to a decrease in the limiting amino acid. We hypothesized that tRNA charging is decreased after ingestion of IMB and that this is part of the mechanism by ...
Fujii Noriko - - 2002
The homochirality of biological amino acids (L-amino acids) and of the RNA/DNA backbone (D-ribose) might have become established before the origin of life. It has been considered that D-amino acids and L-sugars were eliminated on the primitive Earth. Therefore, the presence and function of D-amino acids in living organisms have ...
Greenwood Rebecca C - - 2002
The compound designated SB-219383 is a potent and selective inhibitor of bacterial tyrosyl tRNA synthetases. It exhibits an IC50 of < 1 nM against Staphylococcus aureus tyrosyl tRNA synthetase and weak in vitro activity against Staphylococci and Streptococci. Here we present data consistent with SB-219383 eliciting an amino acid starvation ...
Wang Lei - - 2002
An unnatural amino acid, L-3-(2-naphthyl)alanine, has been site-specifically incorporated into proteins in Escherichia coli. An orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase was evolved that uniquely aminoacylates the unnatural amino acid onto an orthogonal amber suppressor tRNA, which delivers the acylated amino acid in response to an amber nonsense codon with translational fidelity greater ...
Tincu J Andy - - 2002
A modified pentapeptide has been isolated from the hemocytes of the ascidian Styela plicata. The structure of the peptide was determined by Edman sequence analysis, mass spectrometry, and NMR spectroscopy with the stereochemistry assigned by acid hydrolysis followed by both (a) GC-MS of the volatile amino acid derivatives on a ...
Chakraborty Tushar K - - 2002
In search of new molecular entities for discovering new drugs and materials, organic chemists are looking for innovative approaches that try to imitate nature in assembling quickly large number of distinct and diverse molecular structures from 'nature-like' and yet unnatural designer building blocks using combinatorial approach. The main objective in ...
Bernard L - - 2002
Two methodologies for the measurement of peptide amino acids (PAA) in blood were compared to evaluate their effects on the measurement of the net flux of peptides across the gastrointestinal tract of sheep. These methods consisted of a chemical deproteinization of blood samples with sulfosalicylic acid (1.6 M, 0.1 ml ...
Pratt Julie M - - 2002
Peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) is a powerful technique for identification of proteins derived from in-gel digests by virtue of their matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectra. However, there are circumstances where the under-representation of peptides in the mass spectrum and the complexity of the source proteome mean that PMF ...
Sugihara Akio - - 2002
A unique enzyme with some properties favorable for the synthesis of D-amino acid-containing peptides has been purified from the culture broth of Saccharothrix sp. AS-2. The purification steps included ammonium sulfate fractionation, chromatographies on CM-Toyopearl 650M and ProtEx Butyl, and sucrose density-gradient isoelectric focusing. The enzyme, consisting of four subunits ...
Kosted Paula J - - 2002
ABSTRACT Ustilago hordei, the causal agent of barley covered smut, produces mating pheromones that break down to smaller peptide compounds that act as potent inhibitors of mating and germination in several fungi. The pheromones are members of the farnesylated family of proteins. Synthetic peptide analogs of the pheromone derivatives, ranging ...
Navab Mohamad - - 2002
When apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptides synthesized from either D- or L-amino acids were given orally to LDL receptor-null mice, only the peptide synthesized from D-amino acids was stable in the circulation and enhanced the ability of HDL to protect LDL against oxidation. The peptide synthesized from L-amino acids was rapidly ...
Schweizer Frank - - 2002
The unique functions of carbohydrates, including energy storage, transport, modulation of protein function, intercellular adhesion, signal transduction, malignant transformation, and viral and bacterial cell-surface recognition, underlie a significant pharmaceutical potential. The development of combinatorial carbohydrate libraries in this important arena has been slow, in contrast to the rapid development of ...
Bishop Anthony C - - 2002
The genetic code is established by the aminoacylation reactions of tRNA synthetases. Its accuracy depends on editing reactions that prevent amino acids from being assigned to incorrect codons. A group of class I synthetases share a common insertion that encodes a distinct site for editing that is about 30 A ...
Wang Lei - - 2002
The ability to incorporate unnatural amino acids into proteins directly in living cells will provide new tools to study protein and cellular function, and may generate proteins or even organisms with enhanced properties. Due to the limited promiscuity of some synthetases, natural amino acids can be substituted with close analogs ...
Ninomiya Keiko - - 2002
Aminoacylation of tRNA was attempted through formation of tRNA/DNA/aa-PNA (N-aminoacylated peptide nucleic acid) ternary hybrid. A 23-mer DNA, that is complementary to a 3'-terminal of tRNA and to a 9-mer PNA carrying an amino acid unit, was designed to achieve close proximity between the amino acid and the 3'-OH group ...
Chen Y - - 2002
We describe here a systematic study to determine the effect on secondary structure of d-amino acid substitutions in the nonpolar face of an amphipathic alpha-helical peptide. The helix-destabilizing ability of 19 d-amino acid residues in an amphipathic alpha-helical model peptide was evaluated by reversed-phase HPLC and CD spectroscopy. l-Amino acid ...
Koval Dusan - - 2002
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) was applied to analysis and characterization of phosphinic pseudopeptides with the general structure N-Ac-Val-Ala(psi)(PO2(-)-CH(2)) Leu-Xaa-NH(2), where Xaa represents one of 20 proteinogenic amino acid residues. Pseudopeptides containing neutral or acidic amino acid residues in position Xaa were analyzed as anions in weakly alkaline (pH 8.1) Tris-Tricine ...
Rossi Grace C - - 2002
Orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N), the endogenous ligand for the orphan receptor-like/kappa(3)-like opioid receptor clone, produces a variety of behavioral responses, including those associated with pronociception and antinociception. The OFQ/N precursor rattus-proOFQ (rppOFQ/N) contains several paired basic amino acids, which raises the possibility that post-translational processing can be responsible for the production ...
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