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Results 401 - 450 of 1394
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Mareska Michael C - - 2003
Glutaric acidemia type II (GA II) typically presents with profound metabolic acidosis, hypoketotic hypoglycemia, and mild dysmorphic features in newborns. Since its description, 11 patients with adult-onset GA II have been reported. A 23-year-old woman presented at 6 months gestation with preterm labor and weakness for 3 months. Her weakness ...
Leng Gabriele - - 2003
A prospective epidemiological study with respect to pyrethroid exposure was carried out combining clinical examination, indoor monitoring and biological monitoring. The results of the biological monitoring are presented. Biological monitoring was performed in 57 persons before (T1) as well as 1 day (T2), 3 days (T3), 4-6 months (T4), and ...
Mims DebraLynn - - 2003
The ability to quantify mixtures of bile acids using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry directly from urine has been demonstrated. Six cholic acid derivatives were selected for analysis: taurocholic acid (TCA), taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA), taurolithocholic acid (TLCA), glycocholic acid (GCA), glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA), and glycolithocholic acid (GCDCA). Urine ...
la Marca Giancarlo - - 2003
Quantification of orotic acid (uracil-6-carboxylic acid) in urine is an important tool to diagnose some inherited diseases, such as urea cycle disorder (OTCD) and hereditary orotic aciduria. New rapid analytical methods are necessary to provide high-throughput orotic acid analyses. A new analytical method has been developed for the rapid analysis ...
Siegers Claudia - - 2003
Cystinol akut containing arbutin was developed as an antiseptic since it liberates hydroquinone in the urine. The in vivo release of hydroquinone from arbutin with or without addition of glusulase or an E. coli suspension was investigated in 4 volunteers. They ingested 6 dragees Cystinol akut (420 mg arbutin equivalent ...
Kuhara Tomiko - - 2002
To diagnose inborn errors of metabolism, it would be desirable to simultaneously analyze and quantify organic acids, purines, pyrimidines, amino acids, sugars, polyols, and other compounds using a single-step fractionation; unfortunately, no such method currently exists. The present article will be concerned primarily with a practical yet comprehensive diagnostic procedure ...
Khan Saeed R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cell membranes and their lipids play critical roles in calcification. Specific membrane phospholipids promote the formation of calcium phosphate and become a part of the organic matrix of growing calcification. We propose that membrane lipids also promote the formation of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and calcium phosphate (CaP) containing kidney ...
Shahjee Hanief M - - 2002
Using cytidine 2':3' cyclic monophosphate as a substrate, Km and k(cat) of ribonuclease-A in the presence of different concentrations of D-amino acids (Ala, Ser, Pro and Lys) and their L-isomers were measured at pH 6.0 and 25 degrees C. These kinetic parameters remained unchanged in the presence and absence of ...
Gonzalez-Reche Luis Mariano - - 2003
It was the aim of this study to ascertain whether xylenes form phenylmercapturic acids via aromatic epoxides in the human metabolism. Aromatic epoxides are suspected to exert mutagenic properties. Therefore we developed an LC/MS/MS procedure for the determination of these mercapturic acids. Using this method we were able to detect ...
Dlasková Zdenka - - 2003
In urine the level of thiodiglycolic acid (TDGA) is a sensitive indicator of exposure of the human organism to some physiologically active or toxic substances, gases and vapors. The determination of TDGA by use of a voltammetric method based on electroreduction of TDGA in acidic solution at the hanging mercury ...
Rechner Andreas R - - 2002
Berry extracts rich in anthocyanins have been linked to protective effects including the modulation of age-related neurological dysfunction and the improvement of the resistance of red blood cells against oxidative stress in vitro. In this study the bioavailability, metabolism and elimination of polyphenols from blackcurrant juice, rich in anthocyanins, flavonols, ...
Kirschbaum B - - 2002
AIMS: Inflammation results in the production of free radicals which damage proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The products of these reactions are cleared, in part, by the kidney and appear in the urine. In this study, urine fluorescence was measured in individuals with various nephropathies to determine the value of ...
Valkonen Sinikka - - 2002
The FIOH quality assurance programme for organic solvents and their metabolites consists of analyses for 2,5-hexadione, phenol, mandelic acid, methylenedianiline, methylhippuric acid, trans,trans-muconic acid and trichloroacetic acid in urine, and creatinine and relative density for standardisation. Four times a year two levels of spiked urine or urine specimens collected from ...
dos Santos Claudia Regina - - 2002
Urinary 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) is used as a biomarker for biological monitoring of workers exposed to n-hexane. The purpose of this study was to compare two types of treatment of urine samples during clean-up (with and without acidic hydrolysis) and to study the exposure situation of workers exposed to n-hexane during ...
Poplawski N K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of urine amino and organic acids screening tests (UMS) undertaken for patients referred with developmental delay or intellectual disability (DD/ID), and within the group with DD/ID, to determine the diagnostic yield, the proportion of diagnoses with a therapy and the associated recurrence risks. METHODS: A ...
Strickland Paul T - - 2002
Heterocyclic amines (HAs) are carcinogenic combustion products formed during the cooking of meat at moderate to high temperatures. PhIP is the most common HA formed in fried, grilled or broiled meat, and is a colon, breast, and prostate carcinogen in rodents. The major metabolites of PhIP detected in human urine ...
Arancibia Juan A - - 2002
First- and second-order multivariate calibration of fluorescence data have been compared as regards the determination of anti-inflammatories and metabolites in the biological fluids serum and urine. The simultaneous resolution of naproxen-salicylic acid mixtures in serum and naproxen-salicylic acid-salicyluric acid mixtures in urine was accomplished and employed for a discussion of ...
Phelps Craig D - - 2002
During the anaerobic biodegradation of naphthalene and methylnaphthalene, unique metabolites are formed by specific microbial carboxylation and ring-reduction reactions. Groundwater samples from an anoxic, shallow aquifer contaminated with gasoline were examined for the presence of these metabolites by extraction, derivatization and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy. Several metabolites [2-naphthoic ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2002
Toluene is an important toxic volatile agent found in many modern industrial processes. Toluene exposure is of particular concern because of the ongoing exposure of thousands of workers in industrial plants and recent research has indicated that toluene/exposure can result in chronic toxicity. The monitoring and control of toluene exposure ...
Mutlib Abdul E - - 2002
The in vivo and in vitro disposition of benzylamine was investigated in rats. Benzylamine was metabolized to only a small extent by rat liver subcellular fractions. In contrast, it was extensively metabolized in vivo in rats. In vivo studies performed with stable isotope-labeled benzylamine enabled rapid mass spectrometric identification of ...
Stillwell Matthew E - - 2002
The first case involving an alleged sexual assault linked to the use of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in Oklahoma is reported. A-48-year-old Caucasian woman taking amitriptyline was known to have voluntarily ingested a sports drink containing a relaxing health product. She purportedly experienced unconsciousness that persisted for approximately 4 h. The ...
Yamamoto Tetsuya - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple means of selecting gout patients for treatment with uricosuric agents. METHODS: In 124 gout patients, spot urine and blood were sampled before breakfast and after overnight fast (except water) on the day of 24 h urine collection. Spot urine uric acid/creatinine ratio (Ua/Cr mmol/mmol) and ...
Laube Norbert - - 2002
In order to distinguish between normocitraturia and hypocitraturia, the 24 h urine excretion value of citric acid is evaluated in relation to the established limit value of 2.5 mmol/day. We propose changing this widely-used excretion value to a "minimum contribution" of citric acid to the total urine's ionic strength, since ...
Namera Akira - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to develop a simple and accurate analytical method to determine amino acids in urine samples. The developed method involves the employment of an extract derivatization technique together with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Urine samples (300 microl) and an internal standard (10 microl) were placed ...
Manini Paola - - 2002
Two workers were accidentally exposed to unusually high styrene concentrations (>1000 ppm) for about 30 min. In addition to the main styrene metabolites, mandelic acid (MA) and phenylglyoxylic acid (PGA), other minor metabolites, including specific mercapturic acids, (R,R)- and (S,R)-N-acetyl-S-(1-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine [(R,R)-M1 and (S,R)-M1] and (R,R)- and (S,R)-N-acetyl-S-(2-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine [(R,R)-M2 and (S,R)-M2], ...
Sjöquist Birgitta - - 2002
The ocular pharmacokinetics of latanoprost (13,14-dihydro-17-phenyl-18, 19,20-trinor-PGF(2alpha)-isopropyl ester; Xalatan [Pharmacia-Upjohn, Peapack, NJ]) was studied in patients undergoing cataract surgery using radio-immunoassay, and the systemic pharmacokinetics of latanoprost was studied in healthy human volunteers with 3H-latanoprost as well as radioimmunoassay. After topical application, latanoprost was rapidly hydrolysed in the cornea and ...
Noguchi Toshiya - - 2002
We have developed esonarimod, (+/-)-2-acetylthiomethyl-4-(4-methylphenyl)-4-oxobutanoic acid, as a new antirheumatic drug. Now we describe herein the preparation of the enantiomers of (+/-)-deacetylesonarimod, the pharmaceutically active metabolites of esonarimod, and comparison of their antirheumatic activities. No significant difference has been observed between the two enantiomers. In a pre-clinical study of esonarimod, ...
Laurens J B - - 2002
A validated gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method for the analysis of the metabolites of benzene and its alkylated analogues in urine is reported. A number of metabolites, as required by authorities for biomonitoring of industrial exposure to aromatic vapour, were analysed simultaneously with preservation of quantitative information concerning positional isomers. The ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2002
Urine hippuric acid determination is helpful for monitoring of group of workers at risk for exposure to toluene. However, some problems about the external source of variation are mentioned. Some studies have indicated that smoking is an important external source of variation for determination of urine hippuric acid level while ...
Caux Chantal - - 2002
In accomplishing their duties, firefighters are potentially exposed to a vast array of toxic combustion and pyrolysis products such as benzene, carbon monoxide, acrolein, nitrogen dioxide, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Exposure to PAH and benzene was assessed by means of urinary measurements of 1-hydroxypyrene and t,t-muconic acid, respectively. All urine ...
Song Heng - - 2002
In vitro studies have demonstrated that water-soluble, nontoxic phosphoramidates of azidothymidine (zidovudine [AZT]) have significant and specific anti-human immunodeficiency virus and anticancer activity. Although polar, these compounds are internalized and processed to the corresponding nucleoside monophosphates. Eight methyl amide and methyl ester phosphoramidate monoesters composed of D- or L-phenylalanine or ...
Yan Maohe - - 2002
Dobutamine is a synthetic ionotropic catecholamine commonly used to treat heart failure and shock. The catabolic fate of dobutamine in humans has yet to be reported, although formation of 3-O-methyldobutamine represents the principal pathway of dobutamine disposition in the dog. Herein, we describe the isolation and identification of 3-O-methyldobutamine in ...
Teichert Jens - - 2002
An isocratic reversed-phase HPLC method for the simultaneous quantitation of alpha-lipoic acid and five of its metabolites in human plasma as well as in human urine employing solid-phase extraction and pulsed amperometric detection was developed and validated. The method was found to be sufficiently precise and accurate for the measurement ...
Nakazawa Takahiro - - 2002
The metabolic fate of [6]-gingerol, one of the active constituents of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, was investigated using rats. The bile of rats orally administered [6]-gingerol was shown to contain a major metabolite (1) by HPLC analysis. Although the metabolites derived from [6]-gingerol were not detected in the urine, the ethyl ...
Inoue Osamu - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine if benzylmercapturic acid (or N-acetyl- S-benzyl cysteine) in urine can be used as a marker of occupational exposure to toluene. METHODS: A factory survey was conducted in the latter half of a working week. A group of 46 men, who volunteered for the study, was engaged in ...
Toora B D - - 2002
Creatinine in serum or urine is determined by Jaffe's reaction where creatinine produces quantitatively an orange color with picric acid in alkaline medium. After allowing an incubation time of 15 min at room temperature for color development the color is measured at 520 nm. Without taking into consideration the acidic ...
Saudubray J M - - 2002
There are almost one hundred inborn errors of metabolism which can start in the neonatal period, but less than 20 are amenable to treatment. In general, an extremely evocative clinical setting is the course of a full-term baby born after normal pregnancy and delivery who, after an initial symptom-free period ...
Meyer Michael A - - 2002
A 22-year-old woman with a negative urine drug screen and somnolence rapidly reversed by intravenous flumazenil was found to have elevated ammonia levels and punctate calcifications of the subcortical frontal white matter. Abnormally high levels of orotic acid were found in serum and urine, confirming the diagnosis of ornithine transcarbamylase ...
Manini Paola - - 2002
Liquid chromatography with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry was used to characterize the metabolism of styrene in man and in rat. To improve identification and characterization of minor styrene metabolites, rats were co-exposed to styrene and styrene-d(8). In addition to the main styrene metabolites, mandelic acid and phenylglyoxylic acid, and specific ...
Swiercz Radosław - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicokinetics and metabolism of pseudocumene after inhalation exposure. Male Wistar rats were exposed to pseudocumene vapors at nominal concentrations of 25,100 or 250 ppm in the dynamic inhalation chambers for 6 h. Blood samples were collected during (between 1st and 6th ...
Mangione A M - - 2001
We studied the relationship between the use of three detoxification pathways and urine pH and the tolerance of desert woodrats from two populations to a mixture of naturally occurring plant secondary metabolites (mostly phenolics) in resin from creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). The two populations of desert woodrats came from the ...
Carlsson S - - 2001
Nitrite may be generated by bacteria in urine during urinary tract infections. Acidification of nitrite results in the formation of nitric oxide (NO) and other reactive nitrogen oxides, which are toxic to a variety of microorganisms. We have studied NO formation and bacterial growth in mildly acidified human urine containing ...
Masutomi N - - 2001
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is known to be weakly carcinogenic, whereas benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) has been suggested to exert carcinogenicity toward the rat urinary bladder. To elucidate direct toxic effects of isothiocyanates (ITCs), BITC, AITC, or BITC-metabolites conjugated either with glutathione, cysteinylglycine, cysteine, or mercapturic acid were intravesically instilled into female ...
Milardović S - - 2001
This paper describes the performance of a biosensor with an Ru(III), Ni(II), and Fe(II) hexacyanometallate-modified graphite electrode and immobilized oxalate oxidase for the determination of urinary oxalate. The addition of ruthenium enhances the electrochemical reversibility and chemical stability of the electrocrystallized layer and improves the sensitivity of the biosensor. Hydrogen ...
Sato K - - 2001
Olfactory lamellae of teleosts contain two morphologically different types of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs): ciliated ORNs (cORNs) and microvillous ORNs (mORNs). However, little is known about the functional difference between these two types of ORNs in fish olfaction. We isolated cORNs and mORNs using a Ca(2+)-free solution method from olfactory ...
Hardt J - - 2001
Pyrethroid insecticides are widely used in agriculture and private households. Analysis of urine for pyrethroid metabolites is one way to detect human exposure to these insecticides and is carried out regularly as part of the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Monitoring Program recommended by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). Samples are analyzed ...
Breyer-Pfaff U - - 2001
In experiments with expressed human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4 (UGT1A4), the antipsychotic clozapine proved to be conjugated to two different glucuronides, one of which was identified as the quaternary ammonium glucuronide derivatized at the N-methylpiperazine group; this compound had previously been isolated from patient urine. An additional glucuronide produced in larger quantity ...
De Palma G - - 2001
The role of polymorphic xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in the interindividual variability of phenylhydroxyethyl mercapturic acids (PHEMAs) was investigated in 56 styrene-exposed workers. Ambient monitoring was carried out using passive personal samplers (geometric mean, 157 mg/m3 8-h time-weighted average; geometric standard deviation, 2.90). Biomonitoring was based on mandelic acid and phenylglyoxylic acid ...
Krawczyk H - - 2001
Proton decoupled high resolution 13C NMR spectra of argininosuccinic acid have been measured in a series of dilute water solutions of various acidity. These data have provided a basis for unequivocal determination of the presence of this metabolite in the investigated sample. The method additionally enables simultaneous rough estimation of ...
Qu Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The Beckman 6300/7300 analyzer, which was widely used for amino acid (AA) analysis, is no longer commercially available. METHODS: To set up an affordable AA analysis program, a Beckman system gold HPLC 126AA analyzer and Pickering Laboratories reagents were used. Two quantitative AA analysis programs were developed. One was ...
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