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Results 201 - 250 of 1394
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Akiba S - - 2011
Axillary sweat is odourless when freshly collected at the surface of human skin, but it contains non-odoriferous precursors, which can be transformed into odorous substances by bacteria. E-3-methyl-2-hexanoic acid (3M2H) is one of the key odorous substances, but there are two contradictory reports about its precursor form. One report states ...
Edris Amr E - - 2011
ABSTRACT The crude oil of Nigella sativa L. (Black cumin) has well-known nutraceutical and pharmaceutical properties. The oil is prone to rapid oxidative deterioration because of its high content of poly-unsaturated fatty acids. In the current investigation, different cold-pressed crude oils of N. sativa were examined for their composition of ...
Varki Nissi M - - 2011
Although humans are genetically very similar to the evolutionarily related nonhuman hominids (chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans), comparative studies suggest a surprising number of uniquely human differences in the incidence and/or severity of biomedical conditions. Some differences are due to anatomical changes that occurred during human evolution. However, many cannot ...
Deus-de-Oliveira Natalia - - 2011
The allergenicity of Ricinus communis L. (castor bean, Euphorbiaceae) is associated with components of its seeds and pollen. Castor bean allergy has been described not only in laboratory workers, but also in personnel working in oil processing mills, fertilizer retail, the upholstery industry and other industrial fields. In the present ...
Shahrokh Zahra - - 2011
Recombinant human erythropoietin has been used to treat anemia associated with chronic renal disease. This paper provides a comprehensive comparative analysis of Dynepo and three other commercial erythropoiesis stimulating agents, Eprex, NeoRecormon and Aranesp. We found significant differences in the type, levels and amount of O-acetylation of sialic acids. Sialic ...
Masood Muhammad Irfan - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria are a diverse group of bacteria that produce lactic acid as their major fermented product. Most of them are normal flora of human being and animals and produce myriad beneficial effects for human beings include, alleviation of lactose intolerance, diarrhea, peptic ulcer, stimulation of immune system, antiallergic ...
Qiu Y T - - 2011
Host-seeking behaviour of the anthropophilic malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae) is mediated predominantly by olfactory cues. Several hundreds of odour components have been identified from human emanations, but only a few have been proven to act as attractants or synergists in the host-seeking behaviour of female An. ...
Fumeaux René - - 2010
A systematic investigation of the human metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates was carried out. A set of 24 potential human metabolites of coffee polyphenols has been chemically prepared, and used as analytical standards for unequivocal identifications. These included glucuronide conjugates and sulfate esters of caffeic, ferulic, isoferulic, m-coumaric and p-coumaric ...
Cossec Benoît - - 2010
Glutathione pathway was specifically studied in rats exposed by inhalation to a range of ethylbenzene vapours (5-2000 ppm). Urines were collected during exposure (6h) and over the 18 h following the exposure. The potential metabolites coming from either side-chain or ring oxidation were synthesized: 1-, 2-phenylethylmercapturic acids (1-, and 2-PEMA) ...
Cao Shuhong - - 2011
Introduction - Phytic acid is a ubiquitous and abundant natural component in many plant seeds, fruits and vegetables. Its biological and pharmaceutical functions are still controversial. The examination on the level of phytic acid in foodstuffs and urine can provide valuable information for its dietary intake and metabolism. Objective - ...
Anan Yasumi - - 2011
The distribution and metabolism of selenohomolanthionine (4,4'-selenobis[2-aminobutanoic acid], SeHLan), a newly identified selenoamino acid in selenized Japanese pungent radish, were evaluated by administering (77)Se-labeled SeHLan at a dose of 25 μg/kg body weight in rats. Exogenous (77)Se of SeHLan was preferably distributed to the kidneys and remained in the intact form ...
Li Zong-Fang - - 2010
Hepatocarcinoma (HCC) has a very high mortality rate and the high recurrence and metastasis rates contribute to the poor prognosis of HCC patients. To understand HCC formation and metastasis, we assessed the metabonomics of rat HCC and HCC with lung metastasis (HLM). The HLM rat model was established by exposure ...
van Dorsten Ferdinand A - - 2010
The metabolic impact of polyphenol-rich red wine and grape juice consumption in humans was studied using a metabolomics approach. Fifty-eight men and women participated in a placebo-controlled, double-crossover study in which they consumed during a period of 4 wk, either a polyphenol-rich 2:1 dry mix of red wine and red ...
Shaw William - - 2010
A compound identified as 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxypropionic acid (HPHPA) was found in higher concentrations in urine samples of children with autism compared to age and sex appropriate controls and in an adult with recurrent diarrhea due to Clostridium difficile infections. The highest value measured in urine samples was 7500 mmol/mol creatinine, a ...
Miranda Kevin C - - 2010
Urinary exosomes or microvesicles are being studied intensively to identify potential new biomarkers for renal disease. We sought to identify whether these microvesicles contain nucleic acids. We isolated microvesicles from human urine in the same density range as that previously described for urinary exosomes and found them to have an ...
González-Barrio Rocío - - 2010
The fate of anthocyanins, ellagic acid, and ellagitannins was studied following the consumption of 300 g of raspberries by healthy human volunteers and subjects with an ileostomy. Postingestion plasma and urine from the former and ileal fluid and urine from the latter group were collected and analyzed by HPLC-PDA-MS(2). Plasma ...
Jadhav R B - - 2010
Viscum angulatum Heyne ex DC (Viscaceae) is a leafless hemiparasitic shrub traditionally used in Asian countries for the treatment of hypertension. In the present study, the methanol extract of the whole plant was examined for diuretic activity in rats. The activity was evaluated using parameters such as urine volume after ...
González-Sarrías Antonio - - 2010
Epidemiology supports the important role of nutrition in prostate cancer (PCa) prevention. Pomegranate juice (PJ) exerts protective effects against PCa, mainly attributed to PJ ellagitannins (ETs). Our aim was to assess whether ETs or their metabolites ellagic acid and urolithins reach the human prostate upon consumption of ET-rich foods and ...
Elkhair Nawal M - - 2010
The identification of the reference values of Stewart variables and the changes in the acid-base status of the blood and urine in relation to the age after acid-load were studied in desert species of camels. 14 healthy young camels (age: 3-5 months) and 22 adult camels (age: 5-8 years) were ...
Sun Hanwen - - 2010
Pipemidic acid is extensively used in the treatment of Gram-negative urinary tract infections, and the contents of proline in human urine vary in association with chronic uremia. The simultaneous determination of pipemidic acid and proline in human urine is of significance for quality control of the dosage and clinical study. ...
Turgay E - - 2009
Endogenous ochronosis or alkaptonuria is a rare, autosomal recessive disease of tyrosine metabolism that is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase. The disease results in the accumulation and deposition of homogentisic acid in the cartilage, eyelids, forehead, cheeks, axillae, genital region, buccal mucosa, larynx, tympanic membranes, ...
Smogorzewski Miroslaw J - - 2009
Early observations on the acidity of normal urine by J. B. von Helmont (1527-1644) and on urine content of sulfate, phosphate and carbonate by J. J. Berzelius (1779-1848), followed by the studies of Bence Jones (1813-1878) on the connection between food, nutrition and urine acidity, pointed to the role of ...
Bertram Hanne Christine - - 2009
In the present study, the ability of (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) for metabolic profiling of human saliva samples was investigated. High-resolution (1)H NMR spectra were obtained, and signals were assigned to various metabolites mainly representing small organic acids and amino acids. In addition, the use of human saliva for ...
Sperlingová Ilona - - 2010
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE), an industrial solvent, is absorbed by the body not only by inhalation but also by dermal absorption (liquid or vapour). EGBE is metabolized to butoxyacetic acid (BAA). Pooled freeze-dried urine candidate reference material (RM) was prepared from urine obtained from persons occupationally exposed to EGBE. ...
Hall Phillip M - - 2009
Factors that promote stone formation include low daily urine volumes; saturation of the urine with calcium, oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid, or cystine; acidic urine; and bacterial infection. The author identifies the mechanisms of stone formation and outlines management aimed at preventing recurrences.
Eckert Elisabeth - - 2010
Mercapturic acids are increasingly used as biomarkers for exposure to certain carcinogenic substances. Glycidol, ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, acrolein and 1,3-butadiene are important intermediates of toxicological concern used in the industrial production of various chemicals. The main urinary metabolites of these alkylating substances are hydroxyalkyl mercapturic acids. Therefore, we developed ...
Sterz Katharina - - 2010
In benzene metabolism, pre-S-phenylmercapturic acid (pre-SPMA) is the precursor to S-phenylmercapturic acid (SPMA). Urinary pre-SPMA/SPMA ratios are variable. For the determination of urinary SPMA as a biomarker of exposure to benzene it is essential to completely convert pre-SPMA to SPMA. We developed a procedure for the enrichment and determination of ...
Evan Andrew P AP Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46223, USA. - - 2009
Patients with ileostomy typically have recurrent renal stones and produce scanty, acidic, sodium-poor urine because of abnormally large enteric losses of water and sodium bicarbonate. Here we used a combination of intra-operative digital photography and biopsy of the renal papilla and cortex to measure changes associated with stone formation in ...
Hagihara Katsunobu - - 2009
The efficiency and interindividual variability in bioactivation of prasugrel and clopidogrel were quantitatively compared and the mechanisms involved were elucidated using 20 individual human liver microsomes. Prasugrel and clopidogrel are converted to their thiol-containing active metabolites through corresponding thiolactone metabolites. The formation rate of clopidogrel active metabolite was much lower ...
Yang Chung-Wei - - 2009
There is yet to be a reliable prediction of urolithiasis. To facilitate early diagnosis, a simple and rapid high performance liquid chromatography method with electrochemical detection using disposable copper-nanoparticle-plated electrodes (Cu(n)-SPE) was developed for multiple detection of creatinine and 4 urolithic organic acids. A total of 206 normal and urolithic ...
Takahashi Kei - - 2009
We describe here a method for the determination of pantothenic acid, vitamin B(5), in human urine by isocratic reversed-phase ion-pair HPLC with post-column derivatization. Pantothenic acid in urine was separated using a Tosoh ODS-80Ts (4.6 i.d. x 250 mm) column with phosphate-sodium hydroxide buffer (pH 7.0) containing dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride. Following ...
Stalmach Angélique - - 2009
Human subjects drank coffee containing 412 mumol of chlorogenic acids, and plasma and urine were collected 0 to 24 h after ingestion and were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Within 1 h, some of the components in the coffee reached nanomole peak plasma concentrations (C(max)), whereas chlorogenic acid metabolites, ...
Kim Sungkyoon S Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2009
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a well-known carcinogen in rodents and concerns exist regarding its potential carcinogenicity in humans. Oxidative metabolites of TCE, such as dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA), are thought to be hepatotoxic and carcinogenic in mice. The reactive products of glutathione conjugation, such as S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC), and ...
Loots D T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although a number of abnormal diagnostic metabolites have previously been described in the urine of patients with isovaleric acidaemia (IVA), they do not fully explain the clinical symptoms associated with this disease. METHODS: On the basis of our current understanding of the TCA cycle and IVA, we predicted a ...
Carmella Steven G SG Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, - - 2009
We determined the persistence at various times (3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42, and 56 days) of eight tobacco smoke carcinogen and toxicant biomarkers in the urine of 17 smokers who stopped smoking. The biomarkers were 1-hydroxy-2-(N-acetylcysteinyl)-3-butene (1) and 1-(N-acetylcysteinyl)-2-hydroxy-3-butene (2) [collectively called MHBMA for monohydroxybutyl mercapturic acid] and 1,2-dihydroxy-4-(N-acetylcysteinyl)butane ...
Hecht Stephen S SS Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2009
Bay region diol epoxides are recognized ultimate carcinogens of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and in vitro studies have demonstrated that they can be detoxified by conjugation with glutathione, leading to the widely investigated hypothesis that individuals with low activity forms of glutathione-S-transferases are at higher risk of PAH induced cancer, ...
Wikoff William R - - 2009
Although it has long been recognized that the enteric community of bacteria that inhabit the human distal intestinal track broadly impacts human health, the biochemical details that underlie these effects remain largely undefined. Here, we report a broad MS-based metabolomics study that demonstrates a surprisingly large effect of the gut ...
Grosicka Anida - - 2009
Alkaptonuria is a hereditary disease resulted from accumulation of homogentisic acid within the body due to deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase. The main clinical feature is dark brown color of urine caused by high urinary output of homogentisic acid. There are no other symptoms or signs of the disease until ...
Wood William Graham - - 2009
This article mainly describes the effects of boric acid and borates often used as bacteriostatic agents in urine collection for microbiological examination, on the results obtained in the measurement of uric acid in urine using the uricase [EC.1.7.3.3] method. The bias in results is not unidirectional, the spread of results ...
Dastych Milan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Chemical necrectomy is an alternative to the surgical or sharp necrectomy for the removal of necrotic parts of the skin in the treatment of deep burns. The aim of our work was to monitor the dynamics of resorption and elimination of benzoic acid applied to the burnt skin. METHODS: ...
Mullen William - - 2008
[2-(14)C]quercetin-4'-glucoside (4 mg/kg body weight) was fed by gavage to rats housed in metabolic cages, and over an ensuing 72 h period, radiolabeled products in body tissues, plasma, feces, and urine were monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography with online radioactivity and MS2 detection. One and 6 h after ingestion, while ...
Fowler B - - 2008
External quality assurance (EQA) schemes are essential for improvement of accuracy, reliability and comparability of results of biochemical genetic tests. ERNDIM (European Research Network for evaluation and improvement of screening, Diagnosis and treatment of Inherited disorders of Metabolism), established in 1994, operates nine EQA schemes for biochemical genetic testing according ...
Stark Timo - - 2008
Besides flavan-3-ols, a family of N-phenylpropenoyl-L-amino acids (NPAs) has been recently identified as polyphenol/amino acid conjugates in the seeds of Theobroma cacao as well as in a variety of herbal drugs. Stimulated by reports on their biological activity, the purpose of this study was to investigate if these amides are ...
Lord Richard S - - 2008
Modern instrumentation allows the measurement of organic acids in urine in their physiological concentration ranges. Eight of the compounds that are reported can serve as markers for specific toxicant exposure or detoxification challenges. Xylene exposure causes elevation of 2-methylhippurate, and orotic acid elevation reveals ammonia challenge that exceeds the capacity ...
Ausman Lynne M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Diet affects urine pH and acid-base balance. Both excess acid/alkaline ash (EAA) and estimated net acid excretion (NAE) calculations have been used to estimate the effects of diet on urine pH. This study's goal was to determine if free-living vegans, lacto-ovo vegetarians, and omnivores have increasingly acidic urine, and ...
el-Hady Deia Abd - - 2008
Chiral CE was successfully applied to the separation and quantification of catechin, epicatechin and ascorbic acid in some commercial drinks and human urine. Analysis involved the separation of analytes in less than 5.0 min at 240 nm with an untreated fused-silica capillary under hydrodynamic injection mode. The running buffer consisted ...
Fardet Anthony - - 2008
Foods of plant origin contain a large number of phytochemicals that may positively affect health. Phytochemicals are largely excreted in urine as metabolites that are formed in host tissues or by the microbiota and constitute a great proportion of the urinary metabolome. The latter can be characterized by a metabolomics ...
Milardović Stjepan - - 2008
A biosensor for determination of oxalate concentration in urine has been developed by immobilisation of oxalate oxidase and peroxidase on the surface of an interdigitated gold electrode. Enzyme immobilisation was performed using BSA and glutaraldehyde. Biamperometric measurements were made in flow conditions both in aqueous oxalate solutions (tested concentration range ...
Murgić Lucija - - 2008
Alkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the homogentisic acid oxidase enzyme. The result is accumulation of homogentisic acid in collagenous structures throughout the body, especially in fibrous and cartilaginous tissue. This leads to gradual development of a phenomenon known as ochronosis. Characteristic features of ochronosis ...
Lindner M - - 2008
With the introduction of tandem mass spectrometry, newborn screening for disorders of propionate metabolism became widely available. However, there is controversy whether population screening for these disorders should be performed. The most widely used primary metabolite C(3) itself has a poor specificity or lacks 100% sensitivity for milder forms and/or ...
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