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Lever S Z - - 1999
meso-2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic acid is a suitable chelating agent for routine pharmacotherapy of lead poisoning in children. Administration of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid presumably permits complexation of lead in vivo, allowing excretion through urine or feces. Quantification of the lead is achieved independently from the analysis of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid and metabolites from the monobromobimane ...
Mokler F T - - 1999
Biodistribution studies with the radioiodinated 3(R)- and 3(S)-isomers of 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) in rats have shown that 3(R)-BMIPP has 20%-25% higher heart uptake than 3(S)-BMIPP (15-180 min). In contrast, the 3(S)-isomer has slightly higher liver uptake, and uptake in other tissues examined is similar. METHODS: To evaluate the possible differences ...
Feldmann J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Stability of chemical speciation during sample handling and storage is a prerequisite to obtaining reliable results of trace element speciation analysis. There is no comprehensive information on the stability of common arsenic species, such as inorganic arsenite [As(III)], arsenate [As(V)], monomethylarsonic acid, dimethylarsinic acid, and arsenobetaine, in human urine. ...
Suzuki T - - 1999
In an attempt to elucidate metabolic destination of TBTO, sulfur-containing metabolites were investigated in the urine. Tri-n-butyltin chloride (TBTC), tri-n-butyltin oxide (TBTO), and their in vitro metabolites in rat liver microsomal enzyme systems, di-n-butyl(3-hydroxybutyl)tin chloride (T3OH), di-n-butyl(3-oxobutyl)tin chloride (T3CO), dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC), and monobutyltin trichloride (MBTC), were intraperitoneally administered to ...
Salerno C - - 1999
We describe a simple method for measuring orotic acid and uracil concentration in urine by capillary zone electrophoresis in 20 mM Na-borate buffer, pH 9.2. The method was applied for studying a patient with HHH (hyperomithinemia, hyperammonemia and homocitrullinuria) syndrome. A high value of uracil excretion was found during periods ...
Gutsche B - - 1999
Evaluating the formation of tryptophan glycoconjugates other than well-established Amadori rearrangement products, HPLC-tandem MS (MS/MS) analysis of human urine collected from several healthy individuals proved the presence of one distinct tryptophan C-glycosyl compound [Horiuchi, Yonekawa, Iwahara, Kanno, Kurihara and Fujise (1994) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 115, 362-366]. After isolation, unambiguous identification ...
Kharasch E D - - 1999
The volatile anesthetic sevoflurane is degraded in anesthesia machines to fluoromethyl-2,2-difluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl ether (FDVE), to which humans are exposed. FDVE is metabolized in rats and humans to two alkane and two alkene glutathione S-conjugates that are hydrolyzed to the corresponding cysteine S-conjugates. The latter are N-acetylated to mercapturic acids, or bioactivated ...
Graefe E U - - 1999
Flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids are polyphenolic compounds present in our daily diet in form of tea and vegetables as well as in herbal remedies used in phytomedicine. A wide range of in-vitro activities, in particular their antioxidant properties, have been studied intensively. However, in-vivo-data on absorption, bioavailability and metabolism after ...
Eggelte T A - - 1999
We have produced monoclonal antibodies against artelinic acid and investigated the reactivity with artemisinin drugs and metabolites. Antibody F170-10 is fairly specific for artelinic acid but does bind artemisinin and artemether (3-5% cross-reactivity). Dihydroartemisinin, artesunate, and metabolites of artemisinin showed less reactivity. With this antibody, an inhibition ELISA has been ...
Ravanat J L - - 1999
A method, involving a HPLC prepurification followed by a GC/MS analysis, has been set up for the measurement of nucleic acid oxidation products in human urine. For this purpose, isotopically labeled internal standards have been prepared and used for isotope dilution mass spectrometric detection. Using this approach, four oxidized DNA ...
Charnock J S JS Charnock and Associates, Coromandel House, Carrickalinga, South Australia, - - 1999
In a number of epidemiological surveys and in two recent intervention trials in cardiac patients, diets rich in marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which include both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been found to be beneficial in reducing the susceptibility of developing serious ventricular fibrillation (VF) ...
Sirén H - - 1999
Capillary zone electrophoresis with photodiode array detection at 220 nm was used for analysis of catechol compounds in human urine. The method was optimized with reference compounds 3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, normetanephrine, dopamine, dopac (homogensitic acid), methanephrine, vanillyl-mandelic acid, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid and 3-methoxytyramic acid at pH 4.0 and ...
Kuhara T - - 1999
Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) techniques for urinary organic acid profiling have been applied to high-risk screening for a wide range of diseases, mainly for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), rather than to low-risk screening or mass screening. Using a simplified procedure with urease-pretreatment and the GC-MS technique, which allows simultaneous ...
Habash M B - - 1999
In this study, urine was collected from groups of volunteers following the consumption of water, ascorbic acid, or cranberry supplements. Only ascorbic acid intake consistently produced acidic urine. Photospectroscopy data indicated that increased water consumption produced urine with lower protein content. Surface tension measurements of the collected urine showed that ...
Tsujimoto Y - - 1999
The structure was investigated of the mercapturic acid excreted in urine of rats after the i.p. administration of 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene. Of the two regioisomeric mercapturic acids, i.e. N-acetyl-S-(2,3-dimethylbenzyl)-L-cysteine and N-acetyl-S-(2,6-dimethyl-benzyl)-L-cysteine, only the former was isolated by preparative HPLC and identified, by comparison with an authentic specimen. The excretion rate of the ...
Robert A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to investigate the best urinary marker of exposure to MOCA in urine samples of exposed workers and to study its applicability in exposure evaluation in polyurethane resin production plants. In addition, our intention was to contribute to the question of biological target value ...
Kaitwatcharachai C - - 1999
Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO) is the best-documented disease in which mutation in the anion exchanger-1 (AE1) causes decreased anion (chloride [Cl-]/bicarbonate [HCO3-]) transport. Because AE1 is also found in the basolateral membrane of type A intercalated cells of the kidney, distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) might develop if the function ...
Di Rocco M - - 1999
We report on a child with a clinical and neuroradiological picture consistent with Leigh disease and an unusual association of isolated hypermethioninaemia and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. A low-methionine diet normalized both plasma methionine and urine 3-methylglutaconic acid; a methionine-loading test led to significant increase of both metabolites. In the skin fibroblasts ...
Darling P B - - 1999
Urine sampling of the free amino acid pool serves to reflect plasma enrichment and is used as a noninvasive means to determine isotope enrichment in studies of amino acid metabolism. We determined the effect of D-[13C]phenylalanine and D-[13C]lysine content of tracers on urinary amino acid enrichment following oral infusion of ...
Thompson C D - - 1999
PURPOSE: Previously we proposed and provided evidence for the metabolic pathway of felbamate (FBM), which leads to the reactive metabolite, 3-carbamoyl-2-phenylpropion-aldehyde. This aldehyde carbamate was suggested to be the reactive intermediate in the oxidation of 2-phenyl-1,3-propanediol monocarbamate to the major human metabolite 3-carbamoyl-2-phenylpropionic acid. In addition, the aldehyde carbamate was ...
Liebich H M - - 1999
Trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate (TMO) is applied as derivatising reagent to transform urinary organic acids into their methyl esters. The method is suggested as an alternative to the use of diazomethane which is carcinogenic and explosive. In contrast to other methods avoiding diazomethane, such as derivatizations with acetyl chloride-methanol and boron trifluoride-methanol, ...
Banijamali A R - - 1999
Little is known about the metabolism of acetylenic (C&tbd1;C) compounds commonly used in the formulation of pesticides. To better understand the in vivo reactivity of this bond, we examined the metabolism of propargyl alcohol (PA), 2-propyn-1-ol, used extensively in the chemical industry. [1,2,3-(13)C, 2,3-(14)C]PA was administered orally to male Sprague-Dawley ...
Siskos P A - - 1999
A simple, rapid and sensitive reversed-phase ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of N-acetylneuraminic acid and 2-deoxy-2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid in biological fluids is described. Determination of N-acetylneuraminic acid released by acidic hydrolysis, in serum, urine and saliva, and 2-deoxy-2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid in urine, without hydrolysis, was accomplished by injecting the ...
Sjöquist B - - 1999
Latanoprost (13,14-dihydro-15(R)-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-PGF2a- isopropyl ester, CAS 130209-82-4 PhXA41, Xalatan) is a prodrug used for reduction of the intraocular pressure in the treatment of glaucoma. The pahrmacokinetics of this drug was studied in the cynomolgus monkey after intravenous, oral and topical administration of 9 beta-[3H] labelled latanoprost. The plasma profile of radioactivity ...
Zong L - - 1999
The metabolic behavior of orally administered gallic acid was investigated by HPLC and 4-O-methyl gallic acid was found to be the main metabolite in rat peripheral blood and urine. After oral administration of gallic acid, maximum concentration in portal vein and inferior vena cava occurred at 15 and 30 min, ...
Nyhan W L - - 1999
Two siblings who were found to have deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase were identified by the presence of large amounts of 3-hydroxyglutaric acid in the urine. Patients with this disease, termed glutaric acidemia or glutaric acidemia Type I, usually present with large amounts of glutaric acid in the urine, and amounts ...
Wang J S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Residents of Qidong, People's Republic of China, are at high risk for development of hepatocellular carcinoma, in part due to consumption of foods contaminated with aflatoxins, which require metabolic activation to become carcinogenic. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase IIa chemoprevention trial, we tested oltipraz, an antischistosomal drug that ...
Dalton J T - - 1999
PURPOSE: To examine the stability and systemic absorption of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in dogs during intravesical administration. METHODS: Nine dogs received an intravesical dose of ALA either with no prior treatment, after receiving ammonium chloride for urinary acidification, or after receiving sodium bicarbonate for urinary alkalinization. Urine and blood samples ...
Osborne C A - - 1999
Cystine uroliths are a sequela to cystinuria, an inherited renal tubular defect in reabsorption of cystine and some other amino acids. At the Minnesota Urolith Center, 67 breeds of dogs were identified, including English Bulldogs, Dachshunds, Mastiffs, and Newfoundlands. In some dogs, the severity of cystinuria may decline with advancing ...
Konishi T - - 1999
The relationship between chiral inversion and stereoselective amino acid conjugation of a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, R, S-2-[4-(3-methyl-2-thienyl)phenyl]propionic acid (R,S-MTPPA) was investigated in rats and dogs. Only the S-enantiomer was found in plasma after oral administration of S-MTPPA to both species. In contrast, the R- and S-enantiomers were both detected ...
Smith D - - 1999
We describe the use of our selected ion flow tube mass spectrometric technique (SIFT-MS) for the analysis of the headspace above urine. Ammonia, nitric oxide, acetone, ethanol and methanol are identified as the dominant species. As expected, the ammonia is increased in the headspace by making the urine alkaline and ...
Seashore M R - - 1998
Newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism has improved the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders since the 1960s. Recently tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was developed as a technique for expanding the scope and efficiency of newborn screening for inborn errors. It may offer more efficient identification of phenylketonuria, branched ...
Wasfi I A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To document tolfenamic acid disposition variables, identify its major phase-1 metabolite and fragmentation pattern, and establish detection time in urine after single IV bolus administration to make recommendations on avoiding violative residues in racing camels. ANIMALS: 7 healthy camels (6 males, 1 female), 8 to 11 years old and ...
Eiermann B - - 1998
Twenty-one healthy Swedish Caucasian volunteers, representing different groups with 0-13 functional cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 genes, were given a single oral dose of 20 mg of debrisoquine. The hypothesis of further oxidation of the main metabolite, (S)-4-hydroxydebrisoquine, in subjects with multiple CYP2D6 genes was tested by screening the 0-8-hr urine ...
Kassahun K - - 1998
In humans, a major metabolite of the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine in the plasma and in the urine was found to be an N-glucuronide. Unexpectedly, the glucuronic acid moiety was linked through a nitrogen of the benzodiazepine nucleus of olanzapine by way of a secondary amine linkage, rather than through a ...
Viglio S - - 1998
The presence in urine of desmosine (DES) and isodesmosine (IDES), two crosslinked amino acids unique to the elastic fiber network, can be used as a specific indicator of degradation of mature elastin. Compared to methodologies so far available, the capillary electrophoretic technique reported here seems to be suitable and convenient ...
Lee Z S - - 1998
Catecholamines, dopamine and the renal kallikrein-kinin system may participate in the pathogenesis of hypertension. In the past these systems have been studied independently in isolation. Attempts to study the systems together have been hampered by incompatibility of the current urine preservatives for the two assays involved. In order to measure ...
Kim K R - - 1998
An efficient organic acid profiling and pattern recognition method is described for the correlation between urinary organic acid profiles and uterine cervical cancer. After methoximation of keto acids in alkalinized urine samples, all free organic acids were recovered by a dual solid-phase extraction procedure, followed by conversion to tert.-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives ...
Nakazawa T - - 1998
The urine of rats administered rosmarinic acid (7) orally contained seven metabolites, which were identified as trans-caffeic acid 4-O-sulfate (1), trans-m-coumaric acid 3-O-sulfate (2), trans-ferulic acid 4-O-sulfate (3), trans-caffeic acid (4), m-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid (5), trans-m-coumaric acid (6), and unchanged rosmarinic acid (7) by spectroscopic and chemical data. The total cumulative ...
Minami M - - 1998
More than 20,000 passengers of Tokyo underground trains were intoxicated with warfare toxic chemicals. Most of the patients examined had marked miosis and decreased serum cholinesterase activity. Transient increase of serum CPK activity after 3 days of the exposure was the another sign. We intensively analyzed the metabolites in the ...
Dodds H M - - 1998
Irinotecan, or CPT-11 (7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecine++ +), is a water-soluble derivative of camptothecine with promising activity against several types of malignancies. In addition to 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecine (SN-38), its active metabolite, we were able to identify several metabolites in the plasma of patients treated with this drug, especially an oxidative metabolite, 7-ethyl-10[4-N-(5-aminopentanoic acid)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxy-camptothecine. ...
Vaidya S - - 1998
The zaragozic acids are potent inhibitors of squalene synthase. In vivo studies in mice confirmed our earlier observations that inhibition of squalene synthase by zaragozic acid A was accompanied by an increase in the incorporation of label from [3H]mevalonate into farnesyl-diphosphate (FPP)-derived isoprenoic acids (J. D. Bergstrom et al., 1993, ...
Järnberg J - - 1998
This study compares the toxicokinetics of inhaled 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (124TMB) in men exposed to white spirit with that previously observed in the same individuals exposed to 124TMB alone. The appropriateness of using dimethylhippuric acid (DMHA) metabolites of 124-, 123- and 135TMB in urine as biomarkers of exposure is also addressed and ...
Parent R A - - 1998
The metabolites of [2,3-14C]acrolein in the urine and feces of Sprague-Dawley rats were identified after either intravenous administration in saline at 2.5 mg/kg or oral administration by gavage as an aqueous solution as either single or multiple doses at 2.5 mg/kg or as a single dose of 15 mg/kg. Selected ...
El Sawalhy A - - 1998
Aromatic amino acid catabolism by Trypanosoma brucei evansi was investigated in vivo using C3HeB/FeJ mice. The major catabolites detected by gas chromatography in the urines of infected animals were phenylpyruvic acid, 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, and indole-3-pyruvic acid. Identity of each compound was confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Concentrations of catabolites in ...
Angerer J - - 1998
An analytical method for the simultaneous determination of S-p-toluylmercapturic acid (p-TMA) and S-phenylmercapturic acid (PMA) in human urine is described. PMA is a common biomarker for benzene exposure, whereas p-TMA is detected for the first time in the urine of workers occupationally exposed to toluene. Before analysis, the acidified urine ...
Wormhoudt L W - - 1998
In this study the disposition of 1,2-[14C]dibromoethane (1, 2-[14C]DBE) was investigated in male Wistar rats. 1,2-DBE is a cytotoxic and carcinogenic compound that has been used as an additive in leaded gasoline and as a fumigant. 1,2-[14C]DBE was administered orally or iv. Radioactivity was recovered (mostly within 48 hr after ...
Jaeger L L - - 1998
Improved assessments of human exposure to electrophilic chemicals require rapid and inexpensive analytical techniques that can detect specific urinary metabolites at low levels as needed for epidemiological screenings of large populations. The first aim of this study has been to apply rational hapten design strategies to develop a more sensitive ...
Morikawa S - - 1998
Radioimmunoassay (RIA) was investigated for the determination of TA-0910 and its main metabolite, TA-0910 acid-type, in human plasma and urine. TA-0910 is a new metabolically stable analogue of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). Antiserum was raised in the rabbit against the 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrophenyl derivative of TA-0910 or TA-0910 acid-type conjugated to keyhole ...
Tortoli E - - 1998
The isolation, from a urine sample, of a rapidly growing acid-fast mycobacterium assigned to the thermophilic species Mycobacterium hassiacum led to further insight into present knowledge of this newly described organism. Already known phenotypic traits of M. hassiacum were extended and its susceptibility to additional antimicrobials was investigated. The high-performance ...
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