Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2272
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Vermeulen Mechteld A R - - 2007
Glutamine and arginine are both used as nutritional supplements in critically ill patients. Although glutamine has been shown to be beneficial for the metabolically stressed patient, considerations about arginine supplementation are not unanimously determined. Our aim is to review the current knowledge on the possible interplay between glutamine and arginine ...
Tabata Kazuhiko - - 2007
In spite of its clinical and nutritional importance, l-alanyl-l-glutamine (Ala-Gln) has not been widely used due to the absence of an efficient manufacturing method. Here, we present a novel method for the fermentative production of Ala-Gln using an Escherichia coli strain expressing l-amino acid alpha-ligase (Lal), which catalyzes the formation ...
Rutherfurd Shane M - - 2007
Five feedstuffs were oxidized using performic acid, and these, along with their unoxidized counterparts, were acid hydrolyzed for multiple times (0-144 h) in degassed and vacuum-sealed glass tubes. The methionine sulfone, cysteic acid, methionine, and cysteine contents were determined for each hydrolysis time. Least-squares nonlinear regression of the sulfur amino ...
Shikano Naoto - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The fact that d-amino acids have been found in various tissues and are involved in various functions is a clue to how to develop new imaging agents. We examined d-amino acid transport mechanisms in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells because CHO-K1 cells are widely used in biomedical studies and ...
Booth Paul J - - 2007
The determination for early cleavage-stage embryos of noninvasive morphologic and metabolic criteria that are predictive of blastocyst development and/or full-term viability remains an important research target. We describe the derivation of a logistic regression model that predicts the probability of porcine blastocyst formation in vitro. Pig zygotes, derived by in ...
Hong J - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the intrafollicular concentrations of free amino acids in pigs and to examine the effect of amino acids in a chemically defined maturation medium on oocyte maturation, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and embryo development in vitro. Pooled follicular fluid aspirated separately from small ...
Delay E R - - 2007
T1R2/T1R3 heterodimers are selectively responsive to sweet substances whereas T1R1/T1R3 receptors are selective for umami substances, represented by monosodium glutamate (MSG), and for L-amino acids. If a single receptor is responsible for detection of umami and L-amino acids, then it would be predicted that MSG and L-amino acids elicit similar ...
Eilstein Joan - - 2007
2,5-Dimethyl- p-benzoquinonediimine was used as a model to study the reactivity of p-benzoquinonediimines, the first oxidation intermediates of allergenic p-amino aromatic compounds, toward lysine, as it has been suggested that this amino acid could play a key role in the induction mechanism of allergic contact dermatitis for a number of ...
Kendall Michaela - - 2007
Components of surfactant act as opsonins and enhance phagocytosis of bacteria; whether this process occurs with atmospheric fine particles has not been shown. We have studied the interactions of fine particles (urban PM(2.5)) and surfactant removed from normal human lungs by lavage, using a surface analysis technique. The aim was ...
Parkpoom Sitthai
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2004
Alcázar A - - 2007
In this paper, the differentiation of green, black, Oolong, white, and Pu-erh teas has been carried out according to their free amino acid contents. Alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, histidine, leucine, phenylalanine, serine, theanine, threonine, and tyrosine have been determined by liquid chromatography with derivatization with o-phthalaldehyde ...
Lange Mette - - 2007
Barley has for feeding purposes a shortage of essential amino acids, especially lysine, threonine, and methionine, and an excess of proline and glutamine. In the present study, we have introduced into barley an antisense construct against C-hordeins, the storage protein with the lowest nutritional quality. SDS-PAGE and reverse phase HPLC ...
Pencharz Paul B - - 2007
Dietary aromatic amino acids are needed to meet the requirements for phenylalanine and tyrosine for protein synthesis. The amounts needed for neurotransmitter synthesis and other biological processes are small and quantitatively negligible. The earlier nitrogen balance-based estimates were judged to be inadequate. Very recently, there have been 3 estimates published ...
Rutherfurd Shane M - - 2007
Lysine is an important indispensable amino acid, and describing the lysine content of a food or feedstuff provides useful information about nutritional value. However, when a food or feedstuff is subjected to heating the lysine present can be altered to nutritionally unavailable derivatives. These derivatives can revert back to lysine ...
Baker David H - - 2007
The focus of the 6th workshop is on lysine, arginine, and related amino acids. Functions, metabolic pathways, clinical uses, and upper tolerance intakes are emphasized in the articles that follow. Lysine is arguably the most deficient amino acid in the food supply of countries where poverty exists, and since the ...
Ball Ronald O - - 2007
Differences in lysine and arginine requirements among various species such as omnivores (humans, pigs, rats, dogs), carnivores (cats), herbivores (rabbits, horses), ruminants (cattle), poultry, and fish, are covered in detail in this article. Although lysine is classified as an indispensable amino acid across species, the classification of arginine as either ...
Saudubray Jean-Marie - - 2007
Inborn errors of lysine, arginine, and ornithine metabolism are very rare: only a few patients affected with these disorders have been carefully investigated, and very few reports on long-term outcome are available. These rare data make it difficult to define safety limits of these amino acids and useful biomarkers from ...
Morris Sidney M SM - - 2007
Arginine has multiple metabolic fates and thus is one of the most versatile amino acids. Not only is it metabolically interconvertible with the amino acids proline and glutamate, but it also serves as a precursor for synthesis of protein, nitric oxide, creatine, polyamines, agmatine, and urea. These processes do not ...
Huang Yi-Fang - - 2007
This study examined the regulation of glutamine synthetase protein levels, in response to changes in external glutamine concentration, in mouse C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Glutamine, at concentrations as low as 0.25 mmol/L, downregulated endogenous and exogenous (plasmid encoded) glutamine synthetase with maximal effect at 2 mmol/L. Glutamine appears to act ...
Pinotti Laura Marina - - 2007
Aiming at to enhance the production of penicillin G acylase (PGA) by Bacillus megaterium, we have performed flasks experiments using different medium composition. Using 51 g/L of casein hydrolyzed with Alcalase and 2.7 g/L of phenylacetic acid (PhAc), the following carbon substrates were tested, individually and combined: glucose, glycerol, and ...
Sandstrom P - - 2008
Patients in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) have reduced serum levels of arginine and citrulline. This may be of patho-biological importance, since arginine is the substrate for nitric oxide, which in turn is involved in normal pancreatic physiology and in the inflammatory process. Serum amino acid spectrum was ...
Raffi J - - 2008
To better understand the composite character of irradiated alanine ESR spectra, a comparative study of few simple amino acids is performed in order to identify the different radio-induced radicals and their proportions. A dedicated spin-trapping method coupled with High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is developed and carried out on irradiated ...
Saguir Fabiana M - - 2007
The aims of this work were to improve a basal synthetic medium (BM) for the growth of Lactobacillus plantarum strains and to establish their amino-acid requirements. Amino-acid use was analyzed in the most nutritionally demanding bacterium. First, the improved BM (L. plantarum synthetic medium [LPSM]) was created by increasing some ...
Takenaka Naomi - - 2007
At present, molecular bases of spectral tuning in rhodopsin-like (RH2) pigments are not well understood. Here, we have constructed the RH2 pigments of nocturnal Tokay gecko (Gekko gekko) and diurnal American chameleon (Anolis carolinensis) as well as chimeras between them. The RH2 pigments of the gecko and chameleon reconstituted with ...
Cleal Jane K JK DOHaD Division, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2007
Fetal growth is dependent on both the quantity and relative composition of amino acids delivered to the fetal circulation, and impaired placental amino acid supply is associated with restricted fetal growth. Amino acid exchangers can alter the composition, but not the quantity, of amino acids in the intra- and extracellular ...
Brunton Janet A - - 2007
Recent studies using the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) technique in TPN-fed piglets and infants have been instrumental in defining parenteral amino acid requirements. None of the commercial products in use are ideal when assessed against these new data. Our objectives were to determine whether the oxidation of an indicator ...
Palova S - - 2007
We evaluated and measured by high performance liquid chromatography the plasma amino acid levels in 11 female patients with anorexia nervosa during a period of significant loss of body weight, compared with 11 healthy age-matched controls. Total amino acid and total branched-chain amino acid levels were similar in both groups, ...
Low Mei Yin - - 2007
The use of glycine to limit acrylamide formation during the heating of a potato model system was also found to alter the relative proportions of alkylpyrazines. The addition of glycine increased the quantities of several alkylpyrazines, and labeling studies using [2-13C]glycine showed that those alkylpyrazines which increased in the presence ...
Krug Alexander W - - 2007
D-Serine selectively causes necrosis of S(3) segments of proximal tubules in rats. This leads to aminoaciduria and glucosuria. Coinjection of the nonmetabolizable amino acid alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) prevents the tubulopathy. D-serine is selectively reabsorbed in S(3), thereby gaining access to peroxisomal D-amino acid oxidase (D-AAO). D-AAO-mediated metabolism produces reactive oxygen ...
Casado Francisco Javier - - 2007
The occurrence of d-amino acids in commercial ripe olives, a well-known sterilized alkali-treated product, was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with precolumn automatic derivatization. Absolute amounts of D-amino acids were in total 18.6-38.2 mg/100 g edible portion. The major D-amino acids were D-aspartic acid, D-glutamic acid, D-serine, and D-leucine. ...
Ishikawa Masago - - 2007
Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, play significant roles in numerous physiological events in mammals. As the effects of amino acids on melanogenesis have yet to be demonstrated, the present study was conducted to identify whether amino acids, in particular alanine, glycine, isoleucine and leucine, influence melanogenesis in B16F0 ...
Nilsson Mikael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Milk protein, in particular the whey fraction, has been shown to display insulinotrophic properties in healthy persons and persons with type 2 diabetes. In parallel to the hyperinsulinemia, a pronounced postprandial rise of certain amino acids and of glucose-dependent insulinotrophic polypeptide (GIP) was observed in plasma. OBJECTIVE: The objective ...
Mohammadi Hamid Shahbaz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Amino acid dehydrogenases (L-amino acid: oxidoreductase deaminating; EC 1.4.1.X) are members of the wider superfamily of oxidoreductases that catalyze the reversible oxidative deamination of an amino acid to its keto acid and ammonia with the concomitant reduction of either NAD+, NADP+ or FAD. These enzymes have been received much ...
Gray Susan - - 2007
In the postabsorptive state, certain tissues, including the brain, require glucose as the sole source of energy. After an overnight fast, hepatic glycogen stores are depleted, and gluconeogenesis becomes essential for preventing life-threatening hypoglycemia. Mice with a targeted deletion of KLF15, a member of the Krüppel-like family of transcription factors, ...
Hsu Jean W C - - 2007
Phenylalanine is nutritionally classified as an indispensable amino acid and can be converted to tyrosine by phenylalanine hydroxylation. The initial goal of the present study was to determine the aromatic amino acid (phenylalanine plus tyrosine) requirements in healthy children fed a diet without tyrosine by using the indicator amino acid ...
Do─čan Alev - - 2007
The acid-base equilibria of several amino acids, namely glycine, l-alanine, l-valine, l-leucine, l-phenylalanine, l-serine, l-methionine, and l-isoleucine, have been characterized in terms of microscopic protonation constants and tautomeric ratios. In this study, the microscopic protonation constants and tautomeric ratios of eight amino acids in different ethanol-water mixtures have been determined. ...
Fujita Tetsuji - - 2007
Although glutamine is an important fuel for the intestinal epithelium, the metabolic fate of glutamine extracted by the human intestine remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glutamine extraction and the release of other amino acids by the human intestine. In 21 patients undergoing ...
Takahashi Hideo - - 2007
Rokumi-gan (TJ-87) has beneficial effects on renal diseases, including pollakisuria, dysuria and edema. We previously reported that its long-term administration clinically improved serum protein concentration and edema in renal failure. In this study, we focused on amino acid/protein contents in Rokumi-gan as one of its effectors. Commercially prepared Rokumi-gan contained ...
Strnadová Kristina Anna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dried blood filter cards, collected for newborn screening, are often stored for long periods of time. They may be suitable for the retrospective diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism, but no data are currently available on the long-term stability of amino acids and acylcarnitine species. METHODS: We analyzed amino ...
Csapó J - - 2008
The influence of the operation conditions (temperature and residence time) of a thermic treatment on the total amount (free and protein-bound) of amino acid enantiomers of dry fullfat soya was investigated. Total amino acid content was determined using conventional ion-exchange amino acid analysis of total hydrolysates and chiral amino acid ...
Nakamura Kaworu - - 2007
The hemolymph pattern of free amino acids was examined in the brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana (Great Salt Lake origin). After one-month acclimation to 35 or 60 ppt salinity at 27 degrees C, the animals were transferred to 10, 35 or 60 ppt salinities to continue acclimation for 3 days without ...
Martínez-Gómez Ana Isabel - - 2007
Two recombinant reaction systems for the production of optically pure D-amino acids from different D,L-5-monosubstituted hydantoins were constructed. Each system contained three enzymes, two of which were D-hydantoinase and D-carbamoylase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens BQL9. The third enzyme was hydantoin racemase 1 for the first system and hydantoin racemase 2 for ...
Olah Z - - 2007
AIM: Presented experimental work was aimed to examine a pharmacokinetic efficiency of 0.5% Timolol mixtures with 4 free amino acids, present in conjunctival sac: lysine, arginine, glycine or taurine on the IOP physiological values in rabbits. METHODS: The experimental work was performed on 5 female rabbits of the New Zealand ...
Häussinger Dieter - - 2007
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the human body and can be synthesized by almost all tissues by the glutamine synthetase (GS)-catalyzed amidation of glutamate. Hepatocytes have access to extracellular glutamine by the concentrative uptake via members of the sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transport systems N and A. ...
Parlesak Alexandr - - 2007
Enteral arginine supplementation in the critically ill has become a matter of controversy. In this study, we investigated effects of the addition of 0.4 and 1.2 mmol/L arginine in a coculture model on markers of inflammation, enterocyte layer integrity, and amino acid transport. In this model, a monolayer of intestinal ...
Jalan R - - 2007
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a common neuropsychiatric complication of liver disease affecting about 20-30% patients with cirrhosis. HE may only affect quality of life (e.g. impairments in attention; coordination; driving ability), but in some patients this progresses to coma and death; defining mortality in those with acute liver failure. HE ...
Chen Chen-Yin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyperammonemia caused by ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency can be properly managed by continuous arteriovenous hemodiafiltration (CAVHDF). Removal of amino acids (AA) during CAVHDF has not been thoroughly investigated. AA losses in patients with urea cycle defects due to ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency treated by CAVHDF were analyzed. METHODS: Twelve neonates ...
Lerma-García María J - - 2007
Amino acid profiles, established by direct infusion mass spectrometry, have been used to classify vegetable oils according to their botanical origin. The proteins present in hazelnut, sunflower, corn, soybean, olive, avocado, peanut and grapeseed oils were precipitated with acetone, and the residue was hydrolyzed in acid medium, diluted in a ...
van de Poll Marcel C G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The liver plays a central role in amino acid metabolism. However, because of limited accessibility of the portal vein, human data on this subject are scarce. OBJECTIVE: We studied hepatic amino acid metabolism in noncirrhotic fasting patients undergoing liver surgery. DESIGN: Twenty patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal metastases in ...
Sadiq Fouzia - - 2007
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is the predominant pathway for myofibrillar proteolysis but a previous study in C2C12 myotubes only observed alterations in lysosome-dependent proteolysis in response to complete starvation of amino acids or leucine from the media. Here, we determined the interaction between insulin and amino acids in the regulation of ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >