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Ruan Yian Y Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 100 West 18th Avenue, Columbus OH 43210 (USA), Fax: - - 2014
We prepared eleven amino-acid functionalized baskets and used (1) H NMR spectroscopy to quantify their affinity for entrapping dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP, 118 Å(3) ) in aqueous phosphate buffer at pH=7.0±0.1; note that DMMP guest is akin in size to chemical nerve agent sarin (132 Å(3) ). The binding interaction (Ka ) was ...
Teshima Reiko R National Institute of Health Sciences, Division of - - 2014
  In Japan, two patients who had been primary sensitized to hydrolyzed wheat protein (HWP) present in facial soap and subsequently experienced wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) after the ingestion of normal wheat products were reported in 2009 as first cases. Since that report, more than 1900 patients with such an allergy ...
Sun Ai-Li AL The Second Hospital of Shandong University, 247 Beiyuan Street, Ji'nan, Shandong 250033, - - 2014
The rising incidence of diabetes and its negative impact on quality of life highlights the urgent need to develop biomarkers of early nerve damage. Measurement of total vitamin B12 has some limitations. We want to determine the levels of urinary methylmalonic acid and its relationships with serum vitamin B12 and ...
Vent Julia J Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Heidelberg Medical Center at Mannheim, Mannheim, - - 2014
To investigate the exact location and position of hyaluronic acid fillers in the perioral region by ultrasound and optical coherence tomography. To date, there are few in vivo investigations in humans on the exact positioning of injectable hyaluronic acid fillers, and severe complications such as hematoma and thromboembolism are rarely ...
Gordon William C - - 2013
Abstract Studies in the central nervous system (CNS) and retina have revealed the significance of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an essential omega-3, 22 carbon 6 double bond (22:6), fatty acid. DHA is necessary for various functions in the CNS, including neuronal membrane bio- and synaptogenesis in memory and vision, and it ...
Merad M - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain marked by gradual and irreversible declines in cognitive functions. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) plays a biological role in the termination of nerve impulse transmissions at cholinergic synapses by rapid hydrolysis of its substrate, "acetylcholine". The deficit level of acetylcholine leads to ...
Nyholm Jenny Rattfelt - - 2013
Nerve agents are a class of organophosphorous chemicals that are prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention. Their degradation products, phosphonic acids, are analyzed as markers of nerve agent contamination and use. Because the phosphonic acids are non-volatile and very polar, their identification by GC-MS requires a derivatization step prior to ...
Saltık Sema - - 2013
Autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase are found in some rare neurological diseases. However, acute peripheral neuropathy associated with antiglutamic acid decarboxylase autoimmunity has not been reported previously. Here we report a case of a patient who presented with acute cranial and peripheral neuropathy in association with the presence of serum ...
Lee Lu-Yuan LY Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky Medical Center, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536-0298, USA. - - 2013
Inhalation of acid aerosol or aspiration of acid solution evokes a stimulatory effect on airway C-fiber and Aδ afferents, which in turn causes airway irritation and triggers an array of defense reflex responses (e.g., cough, reflex bronchoconstriction, etc.). Tissue acidosis can also occur locally in the respiratory tract as a ...
Wang Xiao - - 2013
By utilizing Rh catalysts ligated by the P-chirogenic ligands QuinoxP* and DuanPhos, 3,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-en-2-yl acetate could be hydroformylated and subsequently oxidized to yield enantiomerically pure 2-trifluoromethyl lactic acid.
Tomassoni Daniele D 0000-0001-9062-3305 School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, University of Camerino, Via Gentile III da Varano, 62032 Camerino, - - 2013
Peripheral neuropathies are heterogeneous disorders presenting often with hyperalgesia and allodynia. This study has assessed if chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve is accompanied by increased oxidative stress and central nervous system (CNS) changes and if these changes are sensitive to treatment with thioctic acid. Thioctic acid is a ...
Yao Fei - - 2012
A novel chiral monomer N-propargyl abietamide, M1, was synthesized from abietic acid and catalytically polymerized with (nbd)Rh(+)B(-)(C(6)H(5))(4) (nbd=norbornadiene), providing polymer [poly(1)] with a molecular weight of 13,000-36,000 at a yield of 59-84%. Poly(1) did not form stable helices in tetrahydrofuran at room temperature whereas copolymerization of M1 and the achiral ...
Rizzi C - - 2012
The quality of eggs laid by 2 hybrid and 2 Italian dual-purpose genotypes of hens reared under organic farming system was studied. Hens belonging to Hy-Line Brown (brown eggshell, HLB), Hy-Line White (white eggshell, HLW), Ermellinata di Rovigo (brown eggshell, E), and Robusta maculata (brown eggshell, R) genotypes were reared ...
Morland Cecilie - - 2012
Valproate is well established in the treatment of epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, yet the main mechanism of action remains to be determined. Here we show that valproate may reduce neurotransmission of the excitatory amino acid, aspartate. By electron microscopic immunogold cytochemistry we demonstrate a 63-68% reduction in the level of ...
Cousido-Siah Alexandra - - 2012
The protein ReP1-NCXSQ was isolated from the cytosol of squid nerves and has been shown to be required for MgATP stimulation of the squid nerve Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger NCXSQ1. In order to determine its mode of action and the corresponding biologically active ligand, sequence analysis, crystal structures and mass-spectrometric studies of ...
Towhidi A - - 2012
This study was designed to determine the combined effects of adding source of n-3 fatty acids (FA) and α-tocopherol (vitamin E, VE) to semen extender on freezability and FA composition of Brown Swiss bull sperm. Semen samples were collected from 6 Brown Swiss bulls and pooled. In the first trial, ...
Cahenzli Fabian - - 2012
After over 30 years of research, it was recently shown that nectar amino acids increase female butterfly fecundity. However, little attention has been paid to the effect of nectar amino acids on male butterfly reproduction. Here, we show that larval food conditions (nitrogen-rich vs. nitrogen-poor host plants) and adult diet quality ...
Selvaraju Sellappan - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the effect of different sources of dietary energy (maize vs polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) on semen functional parameters and fertility of adult rams. Eighteen adult rams were divided into two groups (maize and PUFA, n=9). The main energy source for the ...
Czesny S J - - 2012
Individual variation in fatty-acid and thiamine concentrations were determined in lake trout Salvelinus namaycush eggs collected at two spawning grounds in Lake Michigan. A suite of predictor variables, including spawning location, egg fatty-acid and thiamine concentrations, were used to attempt to explain cause-and-effect in early life stage mortality among S. ...
Kawamura Shunsuke - - 2012
The amino acid sequence of Egyptian goose lysozyme (EGL) from egg-white and its enzymatic properties were analyzed. The established sequence had the highest similarity to wood duck lysozyme (WDL) with five amino acid substitutions, and had eighteen substitutions difference from hen egg-white lysozyme (HEL). Tyr34 and Gly37 were found at ...
Nain S - - 2012
The effect of metabolic efficiency and associated gut characteristics of laying hens on the variability of transfer of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to the egg was examined in laying hens at 56 wk of age. An empirical energetics model was used to categorize individual hens into energetically efficient ...
Nordén Marcus - - 2012
PURPOSE: Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) belongs to a group of chemicals called perfluoroalkyl acids that have been extensively used in various applications such as stain and oil resistant treatments for fabrics, fire-fighting foams, and insecticides. These chemicals present an environmental and health risk being present in many samples both in wildlife ...
Goldberg Erin M EM Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, - - 2012
Hempseed (HS) is rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, with approximately 17% of total fatty acids as alpha-linolenic acid. As such, HS and its oil may be used in hen diet formulations to produce eggs enriched in essential fatty acids. Because omega-3 eggs have the potential for unpleasant aromas and ...
Seiliez Iban - - 2012
Many fish species experience long periods of fasting often associated with seasonal reductions in water temperature and prey availability or spawning migrations. During periods of nutrient restriction, changes in metabolism occur to provide cellular energy via catabolic processes. Muscle is particularly affected by prolonged fasting as proteins of this tissue ...
Gershman Susan N - - 2012
Nuptial food gifts function to enhance male fertilization success, but their consumption is not always beneficial to females. In decorated crickets, the spermatophore transferred at mating includes a gelatinous mass, the spermatophylax, which is consumed by females after mating. However, females often discard spermatophylaxes shortly after mating, whereupon they terminate ...
Duncan Neil - - 2012
The objective of the study was to acclimatise wild-caught meagre (Argyrosomus regius) to captivity to produce viable eggs for aquaculture production. Twelve meagre (3 males and 9 females, mean weight = 20 ± 7 kg) were caught and transported to a land-based facility on 26 October 2006. During, March to June 2007, all three males ...
Johnson N S - - 2012
The role of the C24 sulphate in the mating pheromone component, 7α,12α,24-trihydroxy-5α-cholan-3-one 24-sulphate (3kPZS), to specifically induce upstream movement in ovulated female sea lampreys Petromyzon marinus was investigated. 7α,12α-dihydroxy-5α-cholan-3-one 24-oic acid (3kACA), a structurally similar bile acid released by spermiated males, but lacking the C24 sulphate ester, was tested in ...
Kang Jason R - - 2012
Fatty degeneration of chronically injured muscle is a commonly recognized consequence of massive rotator cuff tears. Current surgical treatments are unable to alter or reverse the progression of fatty degeneration and are associated with poor functional outcomes in these patients. Therefore, a better understanding of the pathophysiology of fatty degeneration ...
Kakani Radhika - - 2012
Camelina sativa is an oilseed plant rich in n-3 and n-6 fatty acids and extruding the seeds results in high protein meal (~40%) containing high levels of n-3 fatty acids. In this study, we examined the effects of feeding extruded defatted camelina meal to commercial laying hens, measuring egg production, ...
Tsuda Satoshi - - 2012
Chlorogenic acid is an ester of caffeic and quinic acids, and is one of the most widely consumed polyphenols because it is abundant in foods, especially coffee. We explored whether chlorogenic acid and its metabolite, caffeic acid, act directly on skeletal muscle to stimulate 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Incubation ...
Arafa Soumaya - - 2012
Seasonal variation in the gonad weight and biochemical composition of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus from the Golf of Tunis (Tunisia) were studied between September 2003 and August 2004. The highest gonad indices occurred in March (16.71%). The spawning period occurred between April and July and resulted in a fall ...
Tuazon Marc A - - 2011
The mdx mouse is a model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The fatty acid (FA) composition in dystrophic muscle could potentially impact the disease severity. We tested FA profiles in skeletal muscle phospholipid (PL) and triglyceride in mdx and control (con) mice to assess associations with disease state as well as ...
Lally James S V - - 2011
Aim:  The increase in skeletal muscle fatty acid metabolism during exercise has been associated with the release of calcium. We examined whether this increase in fatty acid oxidation was attributable to a calcium-induced translocation of the fatty acid transporter CD36 to the sarcolemma, thereby providing an enhanced influx of fatty ...
Malicdan May Christine V - - 2012
Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles/hereditary inclusion body myopathy (DMRV/hIBM), characterized by progressive muscle atrophy, weakness, and degeneration, is due to mutations in GNE, a gene encoding a bifunctional enzyme critical in sialic acid biosynthesis. In the DMRV/hIBM mouse model, which exhibits hyposialylation in various tissues in addition to muscle atrophy, ...
Gautam Mamta M Graduate Program in Physical and Rehabilitation Science, University of Iowa, 1-252 MEB, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2012
Repeated intramuscular acid injections produce long-lasting mechanical hyperalgesia that depends on activation of ASICs. The present study investigated if pH-activated currents in sensory neurons innervating muscle were altered in response to repeated acid injections, and if blockade of ASICs reverses existing hyperalgesia. In muscle sensory neurons, the mean acid-evoked current ...
Woo Jae Gwang - - 2011
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is known to play an important role in inflammatory conditions such as reflux esophagitis resulting from acid reflux. In this study, we tested whether an acidic medium (pH 4.0) induces an increase in COX-2 expression or PGE(2) production, and explored the implication of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) activation ...
Peterson Jonathan M - - 2012
We previously described the adipokine CTRP1, which has up-regulated expression following exposure to the anti-diabetic drug rosiglitazone and increased circulating levels in adiponectin-null mice (Wong, G. W., Krawczyk, S. A., Kitidis-Mitrokostas, C., Revett, T., Gimeno, R., and Lodish, H. F. (2008) Biochem. J. 416, 161-177). Although recombinant CTRP1 lowers blood ...
Minville-Walz M - - 2011
Consumption of trans fatty acids is positively correlated with cardiovascular diseases and with atherogenic risk factors. Trans fatty acids might play their atherogenic effects through lipid metabolism alteration of vascular cells. Accumulation of lipids in vascular smooth muscle cells is a feature of atherosclerosis and a consequence of lipid metabolism ...
Leenders Marika - - 2011
Amino acids function as precursors for de novo protein synthesis. In addition, however, they play a key role as nutritional signals that regulate multiple cellular processes. There is ample in vitro and in vivo evidence showing that muscle tissue responds to increases in amino acid availability via signal transduction pathways ...
van Loon Luc J C - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Amino acids do not merely represent precursors for de-novo protein synthesis, but also function as nutritional signals regulating various metabolic processes. In fact, ample evidence has been generated to show that various tissues respond to changes in amino acid availability via signal transduction pathways that are also ...
Kitessa Soressa M - - 2011
Vegetable oils containing stearidonic acid (SDA, 18 : 4n-3) are considered better precursors of long-chain n-3 PUFA (LC n-3 PUFA) than those with only α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18 : 3n-3). The present study re-examined this premise using treatments where added ALA from linseed oil was matched with ALA plus SDA from echium oil. Lambs ...
Hoehne A - - 2011
The quality and nutritional value of beef is related to the amount of intramuscular fat (IMF) as well as to its fatty acid composition. In this study the relations between the IMF content and the total fatty acid composition, the fatty acids (FA) of triacylglycerols (TG) and the FA of ...
Rana Madhu Suman - - 2011
Conjugated linoleic acid, a fatty acid found in milk fat and ruminant meat is one of the functional food components. Modifying fatty acid composition so as to increase CLA and other beneficial PUFA/MUFA level and reducing SFA levels might be a key to enhance the neutraceutical and therapeutic value of ...
Wone Bernard B Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA. - - 2011
Maximal aerobic metabolic rate (MMR) is an important physiological and ecological variable that sets an upper limit to sustained, vigorous activity. How the oxygen cascade from the external environment to the mitochondria may affect MMR has been the subject of much interest, but little is known about the metabolic profiles ...
Zajac Daria M - - 2011
The migratory flights of birds are fuelled largely by fatty acids. Fatty acid transporters, including FAT/CD36, FABPpm and H-FABP, and enzymes involved in fatty acid oxidation (CPT, CS, HOAD) are seasonally up-regulated in flight muscle to meet the demands of this intense aerobic exercise. The mechanisms that control these biochemical ...
Pasiakos Stefan M - - 2011
Skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) is regulated by a number of dietary factors, to include essential amino acids (EAAs). Leucine, a branched-chain amino acid, has been identified as a stimulator of MPS in many cell culture and animal studies. However, whether supplemental leucine exerts a unique stimulatory effect, as compared ...
Tejerina D - - 2011
This investigation was designed to evaluate the effects of variations in antioxidant and fatty acids composition of acorns and grass from two Montanera (free-range system and feeding based on acorns and grass) seasons (2006/07 and 2007/08) on the antioxidant composition and fatty acids profile of m. Longissimus dorsi (LD) and ...
Sánchez-Freire Verónica - - 2011
PURPOSE: We examined the possible role of H(+) activated acid-sensing ion channels in pain perception. We characterized expression in bladder dome biopsies from patients with bladder pain syndrome and controls, in cultured human urothelium and in urothelial TEU-2 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cold cut biopsies from the bladder dome were ...
Fleming Ingrid - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights recent advances in eicosanoid biology, especially linked to the cytochrome P450 (CYP)/soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) axis in vascular biology and disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the first reports that CYP-derived metabolites of arachidonic acid can elicit vascular smooth muscle hyperpolarization and relaxation, it has become ...
Smulders Frans J M - - 2011
We studied microbiological and sensory effects of treating pig tissue for 15 s with 55 and 10°C sprays of acetic acid (AA; 0.15 to 0.3 M) and lactic acid (LA; 0.1 to 0.2 M) solutions prior to the tissue being subjected to steam condensation (18 s at 65°C or 10 ...
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