Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1100
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Naka T T Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital and Melbourne University, Melbourne, - - 2006
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) affects acid-base balance but the influence of severe hepatic failure (SHF) on this effect is unknown. To assess the effect of SHF on acid-base balance in patients receiving CVVH. Retrospective laboratory investigation. Forty patients with SHF and acute renal failure (ARF) treated with CVVH and ...
Kleindienst Tadeusz E - - 2006
A laboratory study was carried out to investigate the secondary organic carbon (SOC) yields of alpha-pinene and isoprene in the presence of SO2, which produces acidic aerosol in the system. Experiments were based on irradiating each hydrocarbon (HC) with NOx in a 14.5 m3 smog chamber operated in the dynamic ...
Perry S F - - 2006
Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) excretion and acid-base regulation in fish are linked, as in other animals, though the reversible reactions of CO(2) and the acid-base equivalents H(+) and HCO(3)(-): CO(2)+H(2)O<-->H(+)+HCO(3)(-). These relationships offer two potential routes through which acid-base disturbances may be regulated. Respiratory compensation involves manipulation of ventilation so as ...
Dong Yuxiang - - 2006
Based on the structures of several lipophilic trioxolane antimalarial prototypes, we set out to determine which functional groups were associated with good antimalarial profiles and identify more polar (lower LogP/LogD) lead compounds with good physicochemical properties. More lipophilic trioxolanes tended to have better oral activities than their more polar counterparts. ...
Kanokkantapong Vorapot - - 2006
This work investigated the formation potential of haloacetic acid (HAA) compounds in the raw water for the Bangkhen water treatment plant (Bangkok, Thailand). The resin adsorption technique (with three different types of resins, i.e. DAX-8, AG-MP-50 and WA-10) was employed to characterize the organic content in the raw water into ...
Ayers Paul W - - 2006
A comprehensive analysis is presented for the acid-base double-exchange reaction as well as the associated acid-displacement and base-displacement "half-reactions" with the goal of elucidating the meaning of the hard/soft acid/base (HSAB) principle and the conditions for its validity. When electron-transfer effects are important and other effects are negligible, the HSAB ...
Padre Roseli das Graças - - 2006
The objective of this work was to evaluate the conjugated linoleic acid content (CLA), the fatty acid profile, and the chemical composition of the Longissimus muscle (LM) of steers and bulls finished in pasture systems. Fourteen 1/2 Nelore×1/2 Aberdeen Angus cattle were studied. The animals were slaughtered at approximately 20 ...
Benod Cindy - - 2006
Protein peak spectrum assignment is a prerequisite of the nuclear magnetic resonance study of a molecule. We present here a computer tool which proposes the determination of the amino acid type from the values of the chemical shifts. This tool is based on two consensus algorithms based on several published ...
Hu Yan-Jun - - 2006
A novel optical sensor based on covalent immobilization for picric acid assay has been described. To improve the stability of the sensor, a terminal double bond was attached to the fluorescent compound, 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC), via methacryloyl chloride. The resultant compound, 3-(N-methacryloyl) amino-9-ethylcarbazole (MAEC) was copolymerized with 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate on surface-modified ...
De Luca Stefania - - 2006
The interaction between the 1-47 N-terminus of the CCK(1)-R and the anthranilic acid based antagonists has been investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy. These antagonists interact with W39 of the N-terminal domain of the CCK(1)-R like that of the endogenous ligand CCK-8. This specific interaction was not found in other nonpeptide ligands ...
Tishchenko Galina A - - 2006
Silanization of macroporous glass microfiber filters with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and subsequent binding of [2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl]heptaisobutyloctasilsesquioxane (E-POSS) to the amine-terminated surface of microfibers was studied. Prior to the silanization, minute quantities of concentrated aqueous solutions of hydrochloric acid or ammonia were adsorbed in the filters while attachment of E-POSS molecules to APTES ...
Wilson Timothy J TJ Cancer Research UK Nucleic Acid Structure Research Group, The University of - - 2006
RNA catalysis is important in the processing and translation of RNA molecules, yet the mechanisms of catalysis are still unclear in most cases. We have studied the role of nucleobase catalysis in the hairpin ribozyme, where the scissile phosphate is juxtaposed between guanine and adenine bases. We show that a ...
Randall D J - - 2006
The gills are the major site of acid-base regulation in most fish. Acid-base transfer across fish gills is dominated by carbon dioxide and ammonia excretion, especially the former. Bicarbonate buffering in the blood is less than that found in mammals; regulation of ventilation has little effect on CO(2) levels in ...
Takahama S - - 2006
Laboratory evidence suggests that inorganic acid seed particles may increase secondary organic aerosol yields secondary organic aerosol (SOA) through heterogeneous chemistry. Additional laboratory studies, however, report that organic acidity generated in the same photochemical process by which SOA is formed may be sufficient to catalyze these heterogeneous reactions. Understanding the ...
Rye Carl S - - 2006
Chondroitin AC lyase from Flavobacterium heparinum catalyses the degradation of chondroitin by an anionic E1cb elimination mechanism that involves proton abstraction from C5 of glucuronic acid. The lyase also carries out efficient proton transfer to a sugar nitronate anion, which was designed originally as an inhibitor of the enzyme, with ...
Wang Hui - - 2006
The surfactant-mediated hydrolysis of ZSM-5 zeolite affords five-membered ring subunits that can be readily incorporated into the framework walls of a hexagonal mesostructured aluminosilicate, denoted MSU-Z. The five-membered ring subunits, which are identifiable by infrared spectroscopy, impart unprecedented acidity to the mesostructure, as judged by cumene cracking activity at 300 ...
Dell'Aquila R - - 2006
In patients without functioning kidneys, alkali replenishment is accomplished by the addition, via dialysis solution, of either HCO 3 - itself or a metabolic precursor of this anion, such as lactate. The body base balance in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is self-regulated by the feedback between plasma bicarbonate concentration and ...
Lloyd P - - 2006
The quantitative acid-base 'Strong Ion' calculator is a practical application of quantitative acid-base chemistry, as developed by Peter Stewart and Peter Constable. It quantifies the three independent factors that control acidity, calculates the concentration and charge of unmeasured ions, produces a report based on these calculations and displays a Gamblegram ...
Cantone A - - 2006
The kidney is essential in maintaining body acid-base status. Recently, the use of transgenic mice has largely contributed to the understanding of the mechanisms involved. Important issues have been addressed in terms of the function of proteins or their regulation. In the proximal tubule, the role of Na+/HCO3-cotransport has been ...
Frassetto L A - - 2006
Precise measurements of net endogenous acid production (NEAP) to determine net acid balance require labor and laboratory intensive steady-state measurements of dietary nutrient intakes and urine and stool composition. In an effort to simplify the task, investigators have devised several alternative methodologies, especially computational predictive models based on diet composition. ...
Adrogué H J - - 2006
Mixed acid-base disturbances, defined as the simultaneous presence of two or more acid-base disorders, are commonly observed in hospitalized patients, especially those in critical care units. Certain clinical settings are commonly associated with mixed acid-base disorders, including cardiorespiratory arrest, sepsis, drug intoxications, diabetes mellitus, and organ failure (especially renal, hepatic, ...
Liu Wendy H - - 2006
Woody debris (WD) is an important component of forest C budgets, both as a C reservoir and source of CO2 to the atmosphere. We used an infrared gas analyzer and closed dynamic chamber to measure CO(2) efflux from downed coarse WD (CWD; diameter>or=7.5 cm) and fine WD (FWD; 7.5 cm>diameter>or=2 ...
Georgalis T - - 2006
The objective of the present study was to examine the branchial distribution of the recently identified rainbow trout cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrase isoform (tCAc) and to investigate its role in the regulation of acid-base disturbances in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In situ hybridization using an oligonucleotide probe specific to tCAc revealed ...
da Silva Rodrigo R - - 2006
We carried out Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory calculations for 61 compounds, the conjugated bases of carboxylic acids, phenols, and alcohols, and analyzed their acid-base behavior using molecular orbital (MO) energies and their dependence on solvent effects. Despite the well-known correlation between highest-occupied MO (HOMO) energies and pKa, we ...
Teye G A - - 2006
This study evaluated the effects of three dietary oils - palm kernel (PKO), palm (PO) and soyabean (SBO) - and two protein levels - high (HP) and low (LP) in a 3×2 factorial design involving 60 pigs on growth performance, muscle fatty acid composition and content, carcass, meat and eating ...
Patole Jayendra - - 2006
Schiff base conjugates of p-aminosalicylic acid have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Compounds containing hydroxyl-rich side chains show enhanced antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium bovis BCG. Higher ClogP values and superior radical scavenging activities are thought to be ...
Horgan Adrian M - - 2006
A holographic sensor for the detection of glucose has been developed that is based on a hydrogel film containing phenylboronic acid receptors. Changes to the replay wavelength of the hologram were used to characterise the swelling and de-swelling behaviour of the hydrogel matrix upon receptor-ligand binding. The effect of introducing ...
Niwa Miki - - 2006
By using the IRMS-TPD method in which IR (infrared) and MS (mass spectroscopy) worked together, acid sites of USY (ultrastable Y) zeolite were studied. A new band of OH playing a role of Brønsted acid was clearly detected on Na2H2-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-treated USY at 3595 cm(-1) during an elevation in ...
Volcke E I P - - 2006
The combined SHARON-Anammox process for treating wastewater streams with high ammonia load is the focus of this paper. In particular, partial nitritation in the SHARON reactor should be performed to such an extent that a nitrite:ammonium ratio is generated which is optimal for full conversion in an Anammox process. In ...
Gattinoni Luciano - - 2006
The plasmatic strong ion difference (SID) is the difference between positively and negatively charged strong ions. At pH 7.4, temperature 37 degrees C and partial carbon dioxide tension 40 mmHg, the ideal value of SID is 42 mEq/l. The buffer base is the sum of negatively charged weak acids ([HCO3(-)], ...
Wolfgang Michael J - - 2006
The regulation of energy homeostasis is critical for normal physiology and survival. Energy flux must be rigorously monitored and adjusted to ensure that fuel intake and expenditure remain within acceptable limits. The central nervous system (CNS) is, in large part, responsible for conducting this energy-monitoring function and for integrating the ...
Kanokkantapong Vorapot - - 2006
The formation of haloacetic acids (HAAs) from the chlorination of individual and binary mixtures of organic fractions obtained from the intake of Bangkhen Water Treatment Plant in Bangkok, Thailand was investigated. Experimental results revealed that, as an individual fraction, hydrophobic base (HPOB) was the most active in forming HAAs (approx. ...
Chassot Ana Lúcia Campani - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of a peracetic acid-based disinfectant for decontamination of heat-polymerized, chemically activated and microwave-polymerized acrylic resins. Resin plates were contaminated in vivo upon intraoral use by 10 volunteers for 7 nights and slabs were contaminated in vitro by contact with ...
Li Jing-Liang - - 2005
The architecture of a biocompatible organogel formed by gelation of a small molecule organic gelator, N-lauroyl-L-glutamic acid di-n-butylamide, in isostearyl alcohol was investigated based on a supersaturation-driven crystallographic mismatch branching mechanism. By controlling the supersaturation of the system, the correlation length that determines the mesh size of the fiber network ...
Balanarayan P - - 2005
Acidity of Brønsted acids is explained in terms of the electrostatic potentials of the corresponding conjugate bases. The electrostatic potential distribution on the zero-flux surface of the strongest isolable carborane anions is seen to provide a good measure of their acidities. Increasing value of the lowest minimum in the electrostatic ...
Yokoyama Shozo S Department of Biology, Rollins Research Center, Emory University, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2006
Many vertebrate species use ultraviolet (UV) vision for such behaviors as mating, foraging, and communication. UV vision is mediated by UV-sensitive visual pigments, which have the wavelengths of maximal absorption (lambda max) at approximately 360 nm, whereas violet (or blue) vision is mediated by orthologous pigments with lambda max values ...
Wagner Carsten A - - 2006
Systemic acid-base homeostasis is the product of complex interactions between metabolism, regulated exhalation of CO2 by the lungs and acid or base excretion by the kidneys. The importance of renal acid-base transport has been highlighted by mutations identified in several proteins involved in this task in patients with inborn forms ...
ZOHAR AMAR
We present evidence based on chemical analysis that identifies the scarlet dye produced by the scale insect Kermes echinatus as the shani (“red” in Hebrew) used toward the end of the second Holy Temple (AD 70). We know that this dye is produced by a coccoid species of scale. However, ...
Coelho Lúcia H G - - 2006
A chemometric method for analysis of conductometric titration data was introduced to extend its applicability to lower concentrations and more complex acid-base systems. Auxiliary pH measurements were made during the titration to assist the calculation of the distribution of protonable species on base of known or guessed equilibrium constants. Conductivity ...
Schulze Birgit - - 2006
A GC-MS-based method for the simultaneous quantification of common oxylipins along with labile and highly reactive compounds based on in situ derivatization with pentafluorobenzyl hydroxylamine to the corresponding O-2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl oximes (PFB oximes) is presented. The approach covers oxo derivatives such as jasmonic acid (JA), 12-oxophytodienoic acid (OPDA), certain phytoprostanes, unsaturated ...
Tsai Wen-Tien - - 2006
Taiwan is a densely populated and developed country with more than 97% of energy consumption supplied by imported fuels. Greenhouse gas emissions are thus becoming significant environmental issues in the country. Using the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recommended methodologies, anthropogenic emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) in Taiwan during ...
Omron Edward M - - 2005
The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship of standard base excess (SBE) to delta strong ion difference effective (DeltaSIDe) in critical illness. Critical illness is characterized by variable plasma nonvolatile weak acid components (DeltaA(-)), and SBE becomes discordant with DeltaSIDe. The author hypothesized that both acid-base ...
Boag Amanda K - - 2005
Gastrointestinal foreign bodies occur commonly in dogs. The objective of the study was to describe the acid-base and electrolyte abnormalities identified in dogs with gastrointestinal foreign bodies and determine if these abnormalities are related to the site or type of foreign body present. Medical records of 138 dogs were reviewed, ...
Navarro Marga - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare traditional and quantitative approaches in analysis of the acid-base and electrolyte imbalances in horses with acute gastrointestinal disorders. Venous blood samples were collected from 115 colic horses, and from 45 control animals. Horses with colic were grouped according to the clinical diagnosis ...
Iván Kristóf - - 2005
Until now acid-base diodes and transistors applied strong mineral acids and bases exclusively. In this work properties of electrolyte diodes with weak electrolytes are studied and compared with those of diodes with strong ones to show the advantages of weak acids and bases in these applications. The theoretical model is ...
Du Zhengyin - - 2005
Novel lactam-cation-based Brønsted acid ionic liquids (ILs) were prepared through a simple and atom-economic neutralization reaction between a lactam, such as caprolactam and butyrolactam, and a Brønsted acid, HX, where X is BF4-, CF3COO-, phCOO-, ClCH2COO-, NO3-, or H2PO4-. The density, viscosity, acidic scale, electrochemical window, temperature dependency of ionic ...
Diñeiro Yolanda - - 2005
A methodology based on density functional theory calculations for the design of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) is described. The method allows the rational choice of the most suitable monomer and polymerization solvent among a set of chemicals traditionally used in MIP formulations for the molecular imprinting of a given template. ...
Dong Yanmei - - 2005
An efficient kinetic resolution of racemic Betti base with L-(+)-tartaric acid in acetone was developed based on a novel enantioselective N,O-deketalization, by which the enantiopure R- and S-enantiomers of Betti base were obtained as the corresponding N,O-ketal compound and salt with L-(+)-tartaric acid, respectively, in excellent yields with a practically ...
Garaudée Sandrine - - 2005
Molecular shuttles are an intriguing class of rotaxanes which constitute prototypes of mechanical molecular machines and motors. By using stopped-flow spectroscopic techniques in acetonitrile solution, we investigated the kinetics of the shuttling process of a dibenzo[24]crown-8 ether (DB24C8) macrocycle between two recognition sites or "stations"--a secondary ammonium (-NH2+-)/amine (-NH-) center ...
Story D A - - 2005
The bicarbonate centered approach to acid-base physiology involves complex explanations for the metabolic acidosis associated with chronic renal failure. We used the alternate Stewart approach to acid-base physiology to quantify the acid-base chemistry of patients with chronic renal failure. We examined the plasma and urine chemistry of 19 patients with ...
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