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Results 251 - 300 of 1100
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Huang Jian - - 2007
Amino acid indices are useful tools in bioinformatics. With the appearance of novel theory and technology, and the rapid increase of experimental data, building new indices to cope with new or unsolved old problems is still necessary. In this study, residue networks are constructed from the PDB structures of 640 ...
Aisaka Tsunetomo - - 2007
2,3-Bis(undecyl)succinic acid, succinic acid type Gemini surfactant, was successfully synthesized from Corynomicolic acid by the functional interconversion of OH of Corynomicolic acid to COOH via (1) mesylation of OH of syn-isomer, (2) elimination of methanesulfonate group using base to E-alpha,beta-unsaturated ester, (3) Michael addition of CN(-) with 18-crown-6 and (4) ...
Aucella Filippo - - 2007
Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) are increasingly used in order to maintain normal or near-normal acid-base balance in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Acid-base balance is greatly influenced by the type of dialysis employed and by the administration route of replacement fluids. In continuous veno-venous hemofiltration, buffer balance depends on ...
Saha Sudipto - - 2007
We have developed a method NTXpred for predicting neurotoxins and classifying them based on their function and origin. The dataset used in this study consists of 582 non-redundant, experimentally annotated neurotoxins obtained from Swiss-Prot. A number of modules have been developed for predicting neurotoxins using residue composition based on feed-forwarded ...
Lawrence G B - - 2007
Assessments of acidic deposition effects on aquatic ecosystems have often been hindered by complications from naturally occurring organic acidity. Measurements of pH and ANCG, the most commonly used indicators of chemical effects, can be substantially influenced by the presence of organic acids. Relationships between pH and inorganic Al, which is ...
Ayers Paul W - - 2007
The dependence of molecular properties on the chemical hardness is explored. As the chemical hardness of a molecule increases, its size and polarizability typically decrease and its charge and electronegativity typically increase. On the basis of these properties, the interaction energy between hard and soft acids and bases is quantified, ...
Yoshioka Ryuzo - - 2007
Tanabe Seiyaku has been investigating an efficient optical resolution method for the productionof optically active amino acids since the 1950s. As one of the practical applications of the resolutionmethods, we focused on crystallization-induced asymmetric transformation, with which it is possibleto obtain more than 50% of one enantiomer of a racemate. In ...
Benjawan L - - 2007
Duckweed-based ponds (DWBPs) have the potential for nitrogen (N) removal from wastewater; however, operational problems such as duckweed die-off regularly occur. In this study, effluent recirculation was applied to the DWBPs to solve the above problem as well as to investigate N removal mechanisms. Two pilot scale recirculated DWBPs were ...
Pellmyr Olle - - 2007
The genus Yucca is widely recognized for its pollination mutualism with yucca moths. Analysis of diversification in this interaction has been hampered by the lack of a robust phylogeny for the genus. Here we attempt the first extensive nuclear DNA based assessment of the phylogenetic relationships of Yucca. We used ...
Yuan Kailong - - 2007
"Metabonomics" method requires the development of rapid, advanced analytical tools and GC will play an important role for its special advantage. In this study we show the application of GC-based metabonomics to investigate the control and type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients by urinary organic acids metabolic profile. After peak matching, ...
Goodarzi Hani - - 2007
Cost measure matrices or different amino acid indices have been widely used for studies in many fields of biology. One major criticism of these studies might be based on the unavailability of an unbiased and yet effective amino acid substitution matrix. Throughout this study we have devised a cost measure ...
Liao Xiangzhou - - 2007
The synthesis of mesoporous SBA-15 coated with the preformed precursor of microporous aluminophosphate (AlPO) has been reported. The physicochemical properties of the coated samples were investigated by using XRD, FT-IR, N(2)-adsorption, ICP, (29)Si MAS NMR, NH(3)-TPD and CO(2)-TPD. The characterization results suggest that the nanometer-scaled zeolite units are present on ...
Pittelkow Michael - - 2006
The design, synthesis, and properties of an extremely acid-labile backbone amide linker based on a regiospecifically substituted tetraalkoxy naphthaldehyde core are presented. This handle enables cleavage of peptide backbone amides (secondary amides) off a solid support using as little as 0.5% TFA in CH2Cl2. This proceeds without cleavage of tert-butyl ...
Berengolts Alexander - - 2006
Detecting salient structures is a basic task in perceptual organization. Saliency algorithms typically mark edge-points with some saliency measure, which grows with the length and smoothness of the curve on which these edge-points lie. Here, we propose a modified saliency estimation mechanism that is based on probabilistically specified grouping cues ...
Kaunitz J D - - 2006
The duodenum serves as a buffer zone between the stomach and the jejunum. Over a length of only 25 cm, large volumes of strong acid secreted by the stomach must be converted to the neutral-alkaline chyme of the hindgut lumen, generating large volumes of CO(2). The duodenal mucosa consists of ...
Nolan Elizabeth M EM Department of Chemistry, Picower Institute of Learning and Memory, RIKEN-MIT Neuroscience Research Center, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2006
The syntheses and photophysical characterization of ZP9, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-3-oxo-5-[(2-{[pyridin-2-ylmethyl-(1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)amino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, and ZP10, 2-{2-chloro-6-hydroxy-5-[(2-{[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethyl)pyridin-2-ylmethylamino]methyl}phenylamino)methyl]-3-oxo-3H-xanthen-9-yl}benzoic acid, two asymmetrically derivatized fluorescein-based dyes, are described. These sensors each contain an aniline-based ligand moiety functionalized with a pyridyl-amine-pyrrole group and have dissociation constants for Zn(II) in the sub-micromolar (ZP9) and low-micromolar (ZP10) range, which we define ...
Garrido Gemma - - 2006
The acidity constants (pKa) of 11 bases (amines, anilines, pyridines, pyrrolidines, and iminophosphoranes) have been determined in tetrahydrofuran by potentiometry, complemented by conductometric measurements. The pK(a) values of the studied bases cover a wide absolute pH range of acidity in tetrahydrofuran, from 7.4 to 21.7. From the pK(a) values obtained, ...
Kleijn Roelco J - - 2007
This study focuses on unravelling the carbon and redox metabolism of a previously developed glycerol-overproducing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain with deletions in the structural genes encoding triosephosphate isomerase (TPI1), the external mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenases (NDE1 and NDE2) and the respiratory chain-linked glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GUT2). Two methods were used for analysis of ...
Carabias-Martínez R - - 2007
We propose a procedure for estimating acid-base constants in organic solvents or mixture of solvents from the corresponding pK(a) values in aqueous medium and from certain properties of the organic solvents that characterize them. To accomplish this, we developed and validated a chemometric correlation for the calculation of the acid-base ...
Cheung W H - - 2007
The adsorption of five acid dyes onto chitosan was studied. The equilibrium capacities based on the Langmuir analysis were 1.54, 2.66, 1.11, 1.25 and 1.03 mmol/g chitosan for Orange 10 (AO10), Acid Orange 12 (AO12), Acid Red 18 (AR18), Acid Red 73 (AR73) and Acid Green 25 (AG25) respectively. The ...
Michaelidis Basile - - 2007
Elevated CO(2) levels are hypothesized to play a role in the initiation and maintenance of estivation in snails through disturbances of acid-base status. The aim of our study was to identify the ambient CO(2) threshold that induces disturbances in acid-base status in the air-breathing land snail Helix lucorum. Acid-base parameters ...
Wilhelmsson Ulrika - - 2006
Reactive astrocytes in neurotrauma, stroke, or neurodegeneration are thought to undergo cellular hypertrophy, based on their morphological appearance revealed by immunohistochemical detection of glial fibrillary acidic protein, vimentin, or nestin, all of them forming intermediate filaments, a part of the cytoskeleton. Here, we used a recently established dye-filling method to ...
Sato Masahiro - - 2006
Supercritical water (scH(2)O) is utilized for organic synthesis as an acid- or a base-catalyst as well as a useful replacement for organic solvents. There have been few works on the use of scH(2)O for acid- or base-catalyzed organic synthesis, because the ion product of scH(2)O is much lower than liquid ...
Hulter Henry N - - 2006
In this article, we try to summarize the most important novel biological information on the complex interrelationships between acid-base alterations and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signaling. Extracellular and intracellular acid-base alterations affect HIF signaling in part independently of hypoxia, and involve, among others, effects on cytoprotection and apoptosis. Conversely, HIF signaling ...
Kim Jin-Woo - - 2006
A screening protocol was developed and implemented to evaluate extremophiles, in particular hyperthermophiles and thermoacidophiles, for their capacity to transform starch-based feedstocks to high-value organic acids and solvents. Screening results of 14 extremophiles showed promising growth and biotransformation potentials. In particular, Hyperthermus butylicus, Thermococcus litoralis, and Sulfolobus acidocaldarius were identified ...
Lawler Dennis F - - 2006
Four erythrocyte variables (erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, mean cell volume, packed cell volume), 14 serum variables (alanine transferase, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, calcium, chloride, cholesterol, creatinine, glucose, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, total protein, triglycerides, urea nitrogen), and 7 venous acid-base variables (base excess, bicarbonate, carbon dioxide partial pressure, oxygen partial pressure, oxygen saturation, ...
Bonachéra Fanny - - 2006
This paper introduces a novel molecular description--topological (2D) fuzzy pharmacophore triplets, 2D-FPT--using the number of interposed bonds as the measure of separation between the atoms representing pharmacophore types (hydrophobic, aromatic, hydrogen-bond donor and acceptor, cation, and anion). 2D-FPT features three key improvements with respect to the state-of-the-art pharmacophore fingerprints: (1) ...
Ou Guang-nan - - 2006
Ionic liquids with buffering characteristics, synthesized by the reaction of [RMIM]OH base moieties with phthalic and tartaric acid, respectively, are potential reagents for controlling pH in non-aqueous media; remarkable [Base]/[Acid] molar ratio dependence of the catalytic activities has been observed in the hydrogenation of olefins with [RuCl2(PPh3)3] complex in DMF ...
Wesson D E - - 2006
Endothelin (ET) is a potent vasoconstrictor that is now known to modulate kidney tubule transport, including kidney tubule acidification. Animals undergoing an acid challenge to systemic acid-base status and with some models of chronic metabolic acidosis have increased kidney ET production. Increased ET production/activity contributes to enhanced kidney tubule acidification ...
Lagacé L - - 2006
The susceptibility of planktonic and biofilm cells of Pseudomonas marginalis toward four commonly used biocides at different temperatures (15 and 30 degrees C) and biofilm growth times (24 and 48 h) was assessed. Using the MBEC biofilm device, biofilm production in maple sap was shown to be highly reproducible for ...
Castillo C - - 2006
Grain processing (e.g. grinding, steaming, pelleting, flaking) has been reported to modify the incidence of ruminal disturbances in feedlot cattle. This study investigated the effects of two grain processing methods widely used in Spanish feedlots (grinding and pelleting) on animal performance, blood acid-base balance, blood electrolyte levels and serum lactate ...
Watanabe Nobuko - - 2006
An inhibitor of the prophenoloxidase activation using extract from a silkworm pupa was isolated from a culture filtrate of Cordyceps militaris and identified as dipicolinic acid (DPA). The production of DPA in Clavicipitaceae fungi was examined. Entomogenous fungi that produce DPA were integrated into one group by a phylogenetic analysis ...
Muriel E - - 2007
This study was conducted using 61 Iberian pigs from four different genetic lines fattened under two different rearing systems. Fatty acid composition of neutral lipids (NL), polar lipids (PL) and free fatty acids (FFA) of the 61 fresh loins and their corresponding dry-cured loins and indices of lipid oxidation (hexanal, ...
Wood Chris M - - 2007
In order to address the possible role of blood acid-base status in controlling the rectal gland, dogfish were fitted with indwelling arterial catheters for blood sampling and rectal gland catheters for secretion collection. In intact, unanaesthetized animals, isosmotic volume loading with 500 mmol L-1 NaCl at a rate of 15 ...
Liu Hong-Bo - - 2006
An easy handling infrared measurement, grazing angle mirror-backed reflection (GMBR), has been established to analyze the silicon-based organic monolayer. Theoretical prediction gave the optimal configuration with p-polarized irradiation near a grazing angle 78.1 degrees of incidence. Experimental measurement of hydrogen-terminated, undecylenic acid (UA) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) functionalized silicon (111) surfaces ...
Paddison Stephen J - - 2006
The possible use of sulfonic acid, phosphonic acid, or imidazole as the protogenic group in polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells operating at intermediate temperature (T>100 degrees C) and very low humidity conditions is examined by comparing specific molecular properties obtained with first principles based electronic structure calculations. Potential energy ...
Butlin Roger - - 2006
Paland and Lynch (Reports, 17 February 2006, p. 990) showed that in Daphnia pulex, the ratio of amino acid replacement to silent substitution in mitochondrial genes is higher in asexual lineages than in sexual lineages. If this base-composition bias is maintained by selection, it too should alter following transitions in ...
Ghosh A K - - 2006
Diagnosis and management of acid-base disorders ranks high among the medical problems that intimidate many physicians. In practice, acid-base disorders can be approached very systematically as they can be easily diagnosed when certain rules are applied. Using a four step process including, 1) determination the serum pH, 2) calculation of ...
Duc M - - 2006
The effect of acid-base titration protocol and speed on pH measurement and surface charge calculation was studied on suspensions of gamma-alumina, hematite, goethite, and silica, whose size and porosity have been well characterized. The titration protocol has an important effect on surface charge calculation as well as on acid-base constants ...
McMillan Paul J - - 2006
High-M(r) thioredoxin reductase from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum (PfTrxR) contains three redox active centers (FAD, Cys-88/Cys-93, and Cys-535/Cys-540) that are in redox communication. The catalytic mechanism of PfTrxR, which involves dithiol-disulfide interchanges requiring acid-base catalysis, was studied by steady-state kinetics, spectral analyses of anaerobic static titrations, and rapid kinetics ...
Ali Arshad - - 2006
Effects of sublethal exposure to 0.1% boric acid sugar bait on adult survival, host-seeking, bloodfeeding behavior, and reproduction of Stegomyia albopicta were studied in the laboratory. Survival of males as well as females was significantly reduced when exposed to the bait, compared to control adults. The host-seeking and bloodfeeding activities ...
Simpson Graham L - - 2006
The synthesis of a triglycosylated helical foldamer based on a combination of cyclopentyl- and pyrrolidinyl-based amino acids is described. This structure is stable in water, maintaining as it does a series of carbohydrate units in proximity to one another, and represents the basis of a new approach to the study ...
Sartain Felicity K - - 2006
Measurement of blood l-lactate is used to assess and monitor exercise performance in sports medicine. This report describes the initial development of a holographic sensor, which employs a synthetic receptor, to enable the selective and continuous real-time measurement of l-lactate for eventual in vivo application. Three boronic acid-based receptors have ...
Forde Gareth K - - 2006
Minor tautomers of nucleic acid bases can result by intramolecular proton transfer. These rare tautomers could be stabilized through the addition of methyl groups to DNA bases. A comprehensive theoretical study of tautomers of methylated derivatives of guanine, adenine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil was performed. Molecular geometries of all tautomers ...
Derksen R - - 2006
Traditional theories of acid-base balance are based on the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation to calculate proton concentration. The recent revival of quantitative acid-base physiology using the Stewart model has increased our understanding of complicated acid-base disorders, but has also led to several new controversies. With the help of three patient histories, we ...
Fleet George W J - - 2006
Two new cyclic oligomers, cyclo-tetra-[2,4-anhydro-3-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-5-deoxy-L-rhamnonamido-(N-->5)] and the corresponding 6-deoxy-D-gulonate cyclic "tetramer", have been synthesised from linear tetrameric oligomers, using TBTU- and pentafluorophenyl ester-based methodologies, respectively. These two compounds constitute a novel class of cyclic oligomers derived from oxetane-based sugar amino acids.
Yen Ming-Liang - - 2006
[Structure: see text] We report a molecular switch that not only can be switched between its complexed and decomplexed states through the sequential addition of an acid and a base (NH4+ and Proton Sponge, respectively) but also can be operated equally through the sequential addition of basic and acidic reagents ...
Stefan-van Staden Raluca-Ioana - - 2007
Novel enantioselective, potentiometric membrane electrodes (EPMEs) based on carbon paste impregnated with C(60) fullerene (I), (1,2-methanofullerene C60)-61-carboxylic acid (II), diethyl(1,2-methanofullerene C60)-61-61-dicarboxylate (III) and tert-butyl(1,2-methanofullerene C60)-61-carboxylic acid (IV) are reported. Response characteristics showed that the proposed electrodes could be reliably used in the assay of l-Histidine (l-His), with the best enantioselectivity ...
Sarria Francisca Romero - - 2006
In heterogeneous catalysis acidity has a very important influence on activity and selectivity: correct determination of acidic properties is a base to improve industrial processes. The aim of this work was to study trimethylamine (TMA) as a probe molecule able to distinguish between the different Brønsted acid sites in zeolitic ...
Koh Sharon E - - 2006
The work function of indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates was modified with phosphonic acid molecular films. The ITO surfaces were treated prior to functionalization with a base cleaning procedure. The film growth and coverage were quantified by contact angle goniometry and XPS. Film orientation was determined by reflection/absorption infrared spectroscopy ...
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