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Results 201 - 250 of 1099
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Vianello Robert - - 2007
Deprotonation enthalpies and the gas-phase acidities of 24 inorganic acids are calculated by using composite G3 and G2 methodologies. The computed values are in very good accordance with available measured data. It is found that the experimental DeltaH(acid) values of the FSO(3)H and CF(3)SO(3)H are too high by some 6 ...
Vlahakos Demetrios V - - 2007
Sevelamer hydrochloride (HCl) contains multiple amines that may cause a significant dietary acid load. To evaluate the impact of sevelamer on arterial blood gases, we followed two groups of stable hemodialysis patients for 24 months. The Sevelamer Group (n = 7) did not achieve the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease ...
Goodarzi Hani - - 2008
In the work presented, the changes in codon and amino acid contents have been studied as a function of environmental conditions by comparing pairs of homologs in a group of extremophilic/non-extremophilic genomes. Our results obtained based on such analysis highlights a number of notable observations: (i) the overall preference of ...
Rakshit Sourav - - 2008
We present an amino map based on their inter-residue contact energies using the Miyazawa-Jernigan matrix. This work is based on the method of metric multi-dimensional scaling (MMDS). The MMDS map shows, among other things, that the MJ contact energies imply the hydrophobic-hydrophilic nature of the amino acid residues. With the ...
Nordblad Mathias - - 2008
Lipase-mediated acrylation is an attractive alternative to more traditional chemical processes, since it provides specific catalysis under mild conditions. A detailed study of the effects of solvent choice and substrate concentrations on the acrylation of octanol by Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozym 435) is presented. Acrylic acid was found to ...
Brandes Alena - - 2007
The cellular distribution of the NH2-terminal electrogenic Na+-HCO3(-) cotransporter (NBCe1) variants NBCe1-A and NBCe1-B has been investigated in rat kidney and submandibular gland (SMG) under physiological conditions and after systemic acid-base perturbations. Moreover, the in vivo data were complemented in vitro by using an immortalized cell line derived from the ...
ElKaoutit Mohammed - - 2007
A biosensor based on the bi-immobilization of laccase and tyrosinase phenoloxidase enzymes has been successfully developed. This biosensor employs as the electrochemical transducer the Sonogel-Carbon, a novel type of electrode developed by our group. The immobilization step was accomplished by doping the electrode surface with a mixture of the enzymes, ...
Funk Georg Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The equilibrium of offsetting metabolic acid-base disorders in stable cirrhosis might be lost during episodes of hepatic decompensation, haemorrhage or sepsis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the acid-base state is destabilized in critically ill patients with cirrhosis and whether this is associated with mortality. PATIENTS ...
Falconer Robert A - - 2007
A series of lipoamino acid-based glycolipids were synthesised. Suitably derivatised lipoamino acid derivatives were prepared and conjugated to monosaccharides (including glycosyl azides, isothiocyanates, thiols and sulphones) to yield novel O-, N-, S- and C-linked glycolipids in good yields. Their potential to improve the oral absorption of piperacillin is reported.
Mou Xiaozhen - - 2007
To characterize bacterioplankton functional assemblages that transform specific components of the coastal seawater dissolved organic carbon (DOC) pool, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was used to label the bacterioplankton cells that were active following addition of single-DOC model compounds: two organic osmolytes [dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and glycine betaine (GlyB)] and two aromatic monomers [para-hydroxybenzoic ...
Sun Xuejun - - 2007
Hypoxanthine is a mutagenic purine base that most commonly arises from the oxidative deamination of adenine. Damaged bases such as hypoxanthine are associated with carcinogenesis and cell death. This inevitable damage is counteracted by glycosylase enzymes, which cleave damaged bases from DNA. Alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (AAG) is the enzyme responsible ...
Rastegar Asghar - - 2007
When a strong acid is added to plasma, one expects a quantitative relationship between excess anion gap (DeltaAG) and bicarbonate deficit (DeltaHCO(3)(-)) with the DeltaAG/DeltaHCO(3)(-) ratio close to unity. If true, then this ratio could be used to diagnose mixed acid-base disorders in patients with metabolic acidosis. Although the mean ...
Susko Edward - - 2007
We investigate the use of Markov models of evolution for reduced amino acid alphabets or bins of amino acids. The use of reduced amino acid alphabets can ameliorate effects of model misspecification and saturation. We present algorithms for 2 different ways of automating the construction of bins: minimizing criteria based ...
LeMaster David M - - 2007
Measurement of the exchange kinetics for amide hydrogens along the protein backbone continues to offer valuable insights into structural stability and conformational dynamics. Since such studies routinely compare samples that differ in solution conditions or mechanical handling, normalization of the relative exchange rates can present a potentially significant source of ...
Libório Alexandre Braga - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many factors are involved in the progression of secondary hyperparathyroidism, including acidosis. Stewart's approach has made it possible to identify real determinants of acid-base status, making chloride a real etiological factor of acid-base disturbances. In addition, it has allowed the quantification of the components of these disturbances, especially the ...
Fresno Laura - - 2008
Etomidate is an intravenous (IV) hypnotic agent characterised by its cardiovascular stability. Although etomidate has been satisfactorily used in veterinary and human obstetrics, little is known about its effects on the fetus. This study determined the cardiovascular and acid-base effects of etomidate administration in the pregnant ewe and her fetus. ...
Tsao Zih-Jay - - 2007
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific to domoic acid was produced from a stable hybridoma cell line, 9F1F11, generated by the fusion of P3/NS1/1-AG4-1 myeloma cells with spleen cells isolated from a Balb/c mouse immunized with domoic acid--keyhole limpet hemocyanin. The 9F1F11 mAb belongs to the immunoglobulin G1 (kappa-chain) isotype. A ...
Lane Joseph R - - 2007
Vapor-phase OH-stretching overtone spectra of methanesulfonic acid and trifluoromethanesulfonic acid were recorded in the Deltav(OH) = 4 and 5 regions using cavity ring-down spectroscopy. We compare these spectra to those of sulfuric acid to consider the effect on vibrational overtone spectra of replacing one of the OH groups with a ...
Sullivan T J - - 2008
A modeling study was conducted to evaluate the acid-base chemistry of streams within Shenandoah National Park, Virginia and to project future responses to sulfur (S) and nitrogen (N) atmospheric emissions controls. Many of the major stream systems in the park have acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) less than 20 microeq/L, levels ...
Balaji Subramanian - - 2008
The mediated electrochemical oxidation (MEO) process with cerium(IV) and nitric acid as the oxidizing medium was employed for the destruction of various model organic pollutants in continuous organic feeding mode. A near complete destruction was observed for all the organics studied. The effects of various experimental conditions were evaluated with ...
Kalhoff Hermann - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Due to a transient age-related low renal capacity for net acid excretion, preterm infants fed formula are at a considerable risk of spontaneously developing incipient late metabolic acidosis, clinically characterized by e.g., disturbed bone mineralization and impaired growth. AIM OF THE STUDY: From acid-base data in blood and urine ...
Khaja Sirajud D - - 2007
In this communication we demonstrate that acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerization is a powerful methodology for the synthesis of acid-degradable polymers based on polyketals and polyacetals. Ten new polyketals and polyacetals were synthesized, using ADMET, and a polyacetal based on anthracene aldehyde was identified, which had the physical properties needed ...
Koi Satoshi - - 2007
In angiosperms, the shoot apical meristem produces a shoot system composed of stems, leaves and axillary buds. Podostemoideae, one of three subfamilies of the river-weed family Podostemaceae, have a unique 'shoot' that lacks a shoot apical meristem and is composed only of leaves. Tristichoideae have been interpreted to have a ...
Saga Yoshitaka - - 2007
Substituent-dependent demetalation kinetics of natural bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) c and e homologs purified from two green sulfur photosynthetic bacteria was first studied. Separated BChl e homologs, which possessed a formyl group at the 7-position of their chlorin macrocycles, exhibited a significantly slow removal of central magnesium to free-base bacteriopheophytins in acidic ...
Sinha Deepa - - 2008
Eight novel heterocyclic Schiff bases derived from the condensation reactions of indole 3-carboxaldehyde with different l-amino acids (histidine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, leucine, valine) as well as with some aminophenols, have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic methods (IR, MS, (1)H NMR). Schiff base derivatives of indole 3-carboxaldehyde were ...
Tanaka Hiroyuki - - 2007
In this report, we describe design, synthesis, evaluation and molecular dynamics simulations of synthetic multifunctional pores with pi-acidic naphthalenediimide clamps. Experimental evidence is provided for the formation of unstable but inert, heterogeneous and acid-insensitive dynamic tetrameric pores that are sensitive to base and ionic strength. Blockage experiments reveal that the ...
Ruzene Denise S - - 2007
Sugar cane bagasse pulps were obtained by ethanol/water organosolv process under acid and alkaline conditions. The best condition of acid pulping for the sugarcane bagasse was 0.02 mol/L sulfuric acid at 160 degrees C, for 1 h, whereas the best condition for alkaline pulping was 5% sodium hydroxide (base pulp) ...
Aurousseau B - - 2007
Twenty-four male Ile-de-France lambs (six blocks of homologous lambs) were used to study the effect of four feeding systems on muscle triglyceride (TG) and phospholipid (PL) fatty acids (FA) from the longissimus thoracis (LT): raised and finished on cool season grasses (G), raised on the same grasses and stall-finished, indoors, ...
Clifford Michael N - - 2007
Green tea, tara tannin, and tannic acid have been profiled for their contents of galloylquinic acids using LC-MS8. These procedures have provided evidence for the first observation of (i) 1-galloylquinic acid (11), 1,3,5-trigalloylquinic acid (22), 4-(digalloyl)quinic acid (28), 5-(digalloyl)quinic acid (29), and either 3-galloyl-5-(digalloyl)quinic acid (32) or 3-(digalloyl)-5-galloylquinic acid (33) ...
Burd Eileen M - - 2007
We describe a case of pustular dermatitis in a 15-year-old girl who had just returned from horseback riding camp. Based on gram staining, colony characteristics, biochemical reactions, and whole-cell fatty acid analysis, the causative agent was identified as Dermatophilus congolensis. The literature contains few reports of human infection with this ...
Wojtyk James T C - - 2007
The thermal and photochemical processes associated with the acid-induced conversions of 6-nitroBIPS, SP-1, to form the protonated merocyanine (MC-OH+) were investigated via UV/vis spectrophotometric studies in acetone. It was found that the mechanism of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)-induced ring-opening of the SP and the rate of MC-OH+ formation follows a general ...
Zhao Yu - - 2007
Base cations (BC) play an important role to prevent soil acidification. In certain acid sensitive areas, such as China, BC deposition is high and a considerable fraction is of anthropogenic origin. BC deposition might decrease in the future with the implementation of air pollution control measures. The effect of changes ...
Panouillères Muriel - - 2007
Hospital effluents cause environmental problems since they are 5-15 more toxic than urban effluents and they are not subjected to any pre-treatment before being discharged into urban sewage networks. The hypothesis used to explain this toxicity is the presence of disinfectants and detergents. This study is aimed at highlighting the ...
Sasaki Keisuke - - 2007
Time course changes in amounts of glutamic acid, total free amino acid, inosine monophosphate (IMP), and 2%-trichloroacetic acid-soluble oligopeptides in whole, muscle only, and cooking juice during wet-heat cooking in pork longissimus and biceps femoris muscles were investigated because the movements of umami-relevant substances during cooking treatment had not previously ...
Alfaia Cristina P M - - 2007
The effects of the slaughter season and muscle type on lipid and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents, fatty acid composition and isomeric profile of CLA in Arouquesa veal, from calves reared according to the specifications of the protected designation of origin (PDO), were assessed. Arouquesa purebred calves (n=31) were raised ...
Egawa Yuya - - 2007
The phenylboronic acids substituted with an azo group on the ortho-position show a significant change in UV-vis spectra upon sugar binding. A new mechanism for the spectral change of the dyes is proposed based on the formation and cleavage of B-N dative bond between boronic acid group and azo group.
Fredriksson Eriksson Sofia - - 2007
This study investigated the influence of Swedish outdoor feeding systems on the fatty acid composition and tocopherol content of M. Longissimus dorsi from beef. Dietary effects of pasture (PA), silage, and silage supplemented with grain (SIG) were compared. Each dietary group consisted of six animals. Higher levels (P<0.05) of polyunsaturated ...
Hoffman L C - - 2007
The effects of age, gender and production region on the chemical, mineral and amino acid composition of the M. longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle of springbok were investigated. There was a significant gender(∗)region interaction for protein content - for the four production regions it varied between 18.80 and 21.16g/100g. The intramuscular ...
Avdeef Alex - - 2007
This study assessed the effect of excipients (sodium taurocholate, 2-hydroxypropyl-f-cyclodextrin, potassium chloride, propylene glycol, 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, and polyethylene glycol 400) on the apparent intrinsic solubility properties of eight sparingly soluble drugs (four bases, two neutrals, and two acids): astemizole, butacaine, clotrimazole, dipyridamole, griseofulvin, progesterone, glibenclamide, and mefenemic acid. Over 1,200 UV-based ...
Singh Sheo B - - 2007
Examples of drug-resistant bacteria are increasing while the discovery of new antibiotics with new mechanisms of action has been essentially nonexistent. The antisense-based sensitization of bacterial targets in Staphylococcus aureus is one of the new approaches that provides increased sensitivity for the detection of target-specific antibiotics and whole-cell screening assays ...
Cho In Hee - - 2007
Two independent approaches, gas chromatography-olfactometry and sensory analysis, were used to evaluate and compare the aroma characteristics of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) of four different grades. The aroma-active compounds responsible for the sensory attributes of pine- mushrooms were investigated based on the correlation between instrumental and sensory analyses through partial ...
Lumpkins B S - - 2007
Four experiments (Exp.) were conducted with Cobb 500 chicks to evaluate variations in the estimated digestible sulfur amino acid (DSAA) requirement of broilers due to rearing environment, sex, or growth performance during the starter period (7 to 19 d), and live performance response and carcass yield characteristics during the grower ...
Loo Rachel R Ogorzalek - - 2007
Three MALDI-MS sample/matrix preparation approaches were evaluated for their ability to enhance hydrophobic protein detection from complex mixtures: (1) formic acid-based formulations, (2) perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) surfactant addition, and (3) sorbitol addition. While MALDI-MS of Escherichia coli cells desorbed from a standard sinapinic acid matrix displayed 94 (M + H)+ ...
Watten Barnaby J - - 2007
Limestone has potential for reducing reagent costs and sludge volume associated with treatment of acid mine drainage, but its use is restricted by slow dissolution rates and the deposition of Fe, Al and Mn-based hydrolysis products on reactive surfaces. We evaluated a pulsed limestone bed (PLB) reactor (15 L/min capacity) ...
Tuncel Dönüs - - 2007
A bistable CB6-based [3]rotaxane with two recognition sites has been prepared very efficiently in a high yield synthesis through CB6 catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition; this rotaxane behaves as a reversible molecular switch and exhibits conformational changes caused by the movement of rings under base, acid and heat stimuli from one location ...
Sánchez Lourdes - - 2007
Surfactants have the special ability to interact with the lipid bilayer of cell membranes. The red blood cell is one of the most used cellular membrane models to study the mechanisms underlying surfactant-induced osmotic cell resistance. To increase our knowledge regarding the mechanisms of surfactant membrane interaction, we studied the ...
Aurousseau B - - 2007
Forty male Ile-de-France lambs (10 blocks of 4 homologous lambs) were used to study the effects of four feeding systems on muscle fatty acids (FA): raising and finishing on cool-season grasses (G), raising on the same grasses and stall-finishing, indoors, on concentrates and hay, respectively, for 22 (GSS) or 41 ...
Bézaire Véronic - - 2007
Uncoupling protein (UCP) 3 (UCP3) is a mitochondrial anion carrier protein with highly selective expression in skeletal muscle. Despite a great deal of interest, to date neither its molecular mechanism nor its biochemical and physiological functions are well understood. Based on its high degree of homology to the original UCP ...
Rivera Daniel G - - 2007
Two new groups of cholane-peptoid hybrid macrocycles were produced by implementing novel combinations of the MiB methodology. Steroid-based hybrid macrolactams including heterocycle and aryl moieties were obtained by utilizing cholanic dicarboxylic acids and diamines in a bidirectional double Ugi-Four-Component (Ugi-4CR) based macrocyclization protocol. Alternatively, N-substituted cyclocholamides were produced from a ...
Huang Jian - - 2007
Amino acid indices are useful tools in bioinformatics. With the appearance of novel theory and technology, and the rapid increase of experimental data, building new indices to cope with new or unsolved old problems is still necessary. In this study, residue networks are constructed from the PDB structures of 640 ...
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