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Results 301 - 350 of 1646
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Su Chia-Hung - - 2012
The catalytic performance and recoverability of several homogeneous acid catalysts (hydrochloric, sulfuric, and nitric acids) for the esterification of enzyme-hydrolyzed free fatty acid (FFA) and methanol were studied. Although all tested catalysts drove the reaction to a high yield, hydrochloric acid was the only catalyst that could be considerably recovered ...
Ha Suk-Jin - - 2013
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cannot utilize cellobiose, but this yeast can be engineered to ferment cellobiose by introducing both cellodextrin transporter (cdt-1) and intracellular β-glucosidase (gh1-1) genes from Neurospora crassa. Here, we report that an engineered S. cerevisiae strain expressing the putative hexose transporter gene HXT2.4 from Scheffersomyces stipitis and gh1-1 can ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2012
Since our first report on the identification of the fungal type III polyketide synthase (PKS) genes csyA∼D in Aspergillus oryzae RIB40, type III PKS homologues have also been found in other fungal species. We previously reported the isolation and structural determination of csypyrone B1 as the main product of CsyB ...
Umierski Natalie - - 2012
An efficient, high-yielding, and transition-metal-free synthesis of diaryl sulfones from arylsulfinic acid salts and diaryliodonium salts has been developed. The mild reaction conditions tolerate a range of functional groups, and unsymmetrical diaryliodonium salts show high chemoselectivity.
Kim Minyoung - - 2012
A mild, practical and efficient palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative ortho-acylation of O-methyl ketoximes with α-keto acids via C-H bond activation is described. In these reactions, a broad range of O-methyl ketoximes and α-keto acids undergoes the decarboxylative cross-coupling reactions with high selectivities and good tolerance.
Monos D - - 2012
HLA-C*04:112 differs from HLA-C*04:01:01:01 by one nucleotide at position 270 resulting in an amino acid change, Lysine to Asparagine, at codon 66 of exon 2.
Hu Yi - - 2012
AX10479, the phenyl amide of 4-hydroxy-8-methanesulfonylamino-quinoline-2-carboxylic acid, was identified as a Zn(2+)-dependent, 27nM inhibitor of human plasma Lp-PLA(2). Structure-activity relationship studies focused on the AX10479 2-phenylamide group identified equipotent cycloaliphatic amides, an enantioselective preference for chiral amides, and phenyl substitution patterns (e.g., 2-methyl-3-fluoro) that increased potency.
Wang Limin - - 2012
Jerusalem artichoke is a low-requirement crop, which does not interfere with food chain, and is a promising carbon source for industrial fermentation. Microbial conversion of such a renewable raw material to useful products, such as lactic acid, is an important objective in industrial biotechnology. In this study, high-optical-purity l-lactate was ...
Van Calsteren Marie-Rose - - 2013
The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of Streptococcus suis serotype 14 was purified, chemically modified, and characterized. Sugar and absolute configuration analyses gave the following CPS composition: d-Gal, 3; d-Glc, 1; d-GlcNAc, 1; d-Neu5Ac, 1. The Sambucus nigra lectin, which recognizes the Neu5Ac(α2-6)Gal/GalNAc sequence, showed binding to the native CPS. Sialic acid ...
Mita Tsuyoshi - - 2012
In the presence of 1.1 equiv of PhMe(2)Si-Bpin, 5 equiv of CsF, and 20 mol % of TsOH·H(2)O, precursors of N-Boc-imines can be converted into the corresponding α-aryl or α-alkenyl glycine derivatives under gaseous CO(2) in moderate-to-high yields with a single operation. α-Isobutenyl glycine thus obtained can be further derivatized ...
Wang Si-Ping - - 2012
The levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in blood is closely associated with the status of the health of individuals; in particular, the lack of ω-3 fatty acids may lead to the development of numerous diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of PUFAs, and their ...
Dongmei W - - 2012
HLA-A*66:07 allele differs from HLA-A*66:01 by an amino acid exchange at position 165.
Zhang Man-Li - - 2012
A phytochemical investigation of Chromolaena odorata resulted in the isolation of five new compounds, 5aα,6,9,9aβ,10-pentahydro-10β-hydroxy-7-methylanthra[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-5-one (1), 1,2-methylenedioxy-6-methylanthraquinone (2), 3-hydroxy-1,2,4-trimethoxy-6-methylanthraquinone (3), 3-hydroxy-1,2-dimethoxy-6-methylanthraquinone (4), and 7-methoxy-7-epi-medioresinol (5), together with 12 known compounds, odoratin (6), 3β-acetyloleanolic acid (7), ursolic acid (8), ombuin (9), 4,2'-dihydroxy-4',5',6'-trimethoxychalcone (10), (-)-pinoresinol (11), austrocortinin (12), tianshic acid (13), cleomiscosin ...
Shyla B - - 2013
A spectrophotometric method was developed for ascorbic acid present in various fruits, commercial fruit juices and sprouted food grains. The method involves the oxidation of ascorbic acid with excess manganese(III) following reduction of unreacted manganese(III) with diphenylamine or barium diphenylamine sulphonate forming a product λ(max) 570nm the system 1 or ...
Desimone T L - - 2012
The objective of this study was to generate raw and cooked nutrient composition data to identify Quality Grade differences in proximate values for eight Beef Alternative Merchandising (BAM) cuts. The data generated will be used to update the nutrient data in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR). ...
van Kempen Silvia E H J - - 2013
This article describes the synthesis of a series of oligofructose monoesters with fatty acids of different chain length (C8, C12, C16 and C18) to obtain food-grade surfactants with a range of amphiphilicity. Reactions were performed in a mixture of DMSO/Bu(t)OH (10/90 v/v) at 60°C and catalysed by immobilised Candida antarctica ...
Ballistreri Gabriele - - 2013
The fruit quality characteristics, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacities of 24 sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) cultivars grown on the mountainsides of the Etna volcano (Sicily, Italy) were evaluated. High-performance liquid chromatographic methods were used to identify and quantify sugars, organic acids and phenolics. A total of seven phenolic compounds ...
Han C - - 2013
Two previously reported DNA polymorphisms of sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 (SREBP-1) and liver X receptor alpha (LXRα) and two DNA polymorphisms of fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) were evaluated for associations with fatty acids in brisket adipose tissue of Canadian crossbred beef steers. The polymorphism of 84bp ...
Yoshimatsu Mitsuhiro - - 2012
Pyrazoles direct: Propargyl alcohols undergoes hydrazination when treated with p-tosyl hydrazide in the presence of catalytic amounts of either Sc(OTf)(3) or La(OTf)(3) (see scheme; Tf=trifluoromethanesulfonyl). Propargyl hydrazides are converted into either N-tosyl or N-H pyrazoles when treated with an acid or a base, respectively. The one-step acid-catalyzed hydrazination/cyclization of propargyl ...
Eiamsa-Ard Pradinunt - - 2012
The lower plant Physcomitrella patens synthesizes several long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) by a series of desaturation and elongation reactions. In the present study, the full-length cDNAs for two novel fatty acid elongases designated PpELO1 and PpELO2 were isolated from P. patens using a PCR-based cloning strategy. These cDNAs encoding ...
Kiran Raphael - - 2012
We report herein an innovative electrochemical (EC) technique based on Boron doped diamond (BDD) microelectrodes which enables the fast determination of uric acid (UA) concentrations in urine. Based on fast cyclic voltammetry (CV), the technique was assessed in human urine samples and compared successfully using routine spectrophotometric diagnosis. The approach ...
Würtz Peter P Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
Branched-chain and aromatic amino acids are associated with the risk for future type 2 diabetes; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We tested whether amino acids predict insulin resistance index in healthy young adults. Circulating isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and six additional amino acids were quantified in 1,680 individuals ...
Matsumoto Chisa C Division of Aging, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA. - - 2013
Intake of marine-based n-3 fatty acids (EPA, docosapentaenoic acid and DHA) is recommended to prevent CHD. Stearidonic acid (SDA), a plant-based n-3 fatty acid, is a precursor of EPA and may be more readily converted to EPA than a-linolenic acid (ALA). While transgenic soyabeans might supply SDA at low cost, ...
Kunešová M - - 2012
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue changes with weight loss. Palmitoleic acid as a possible marker of endogenous lipogenesis or its functions as a lipokine are under debate. To assess the predictive role of adipose triglycerides fatty acids in weight maintenance in participants of the DIOGENES dietary intervention study. After ...
Li Hongda - - 2012
A highly reactive and selective chemodosimetric probe for cyanide was synthesized based on alkylidene Meldrum's acid as a novel cyanide reaction site. A theoretical study was conducted to rationalize the high reactivity and the photophysical properties of probe and the -CN adduct.
Ye Lidan - - 2012
Acid tolerance of Lactobacillus pentosus ATCC 8041 was improved by error-prone amplification of its genomic DNA using random primers and Taq DNA polymerase. The resulting amplification products were transferred into wild-type L. pentosus by electroporation and the transformants were screened for growth on low-pH agar plates. After only one round ...
Kim Yong Wook - - 2012
Described herein is a palladium(II)-catalyzed direct arylation of cyclic enaminones with arylboronic acids. The versatility of this method is that both electron-rich and electron-poor boronic acids can be coupled in high yields. A mixture of two Cu(II) additives was crucial for efficient cross-coupling. The role of each Cu(II) reagent appears ...
Burns T A - - 2012
Our objectives were to: (1) confirm elongation products of palmitoleic acid (16:1 cis-9) elongation in vitro using stable isotopes and (2) evaluate if exogenous supplementation of palmitoleic acid, elongation products, or both are responsible for decreased desaturation and lipogenesis rates observed with palmitoleic acid supplementation in bovine adipocytes. Stromal vascular ...
Yan Jinfei - - 2012
High acetate accumulation was produced during glucose fermentation in high cell density cultures, which is harmful to cell growth. In order to reduce the negative impact of acetate accumulation on the fermentation products, we introduced the Escherichia coli acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) gene into the marine microalga Schizochytrium sp. TIO1101, generating ...
Vitaglione Paola - - 2012
Human bioavailability of cocoa flavanols and phenolic acids from a cocoa-nut cream (CC) and from CC enriched with a 1·5 % (w/w) cocoa polyphenol extract in free form (FPC) or encapsulated with a gastric-resistant high-amylose maize starch (EPC), was studied. In a randomised cross-over protocol, with 1-week wash-out in between, twelve ...
Liu An-Hua - - 2012
Steric bulk controls CO(2) absorption: N-substituted amino acid salts in poly(ethylene glycol) reversibly absorb CO(2) in nearly 1:1 stoichiometry. Carbamic acid is thought to be the absorbed form of CO(2) ; this was supported by NMR and in situ IR spectroscopy, and DFT calculations. The captured CO(2) could be converted ...
Cho Suhyung - - 2012
Sialic acids are located on the terminal positions of glycan on a cell surface, which play important role in the spread and metastasis of cancer cells and infection of pathogen. For their detection and diagnosis, the finding of sialic acid specific ligand is an essential prerequisite. Here, RNA aptamer for ...
Sokolov Dmitriy N - - 2012
Influenza is a widespread respiratory infection. Every year it causes epidemics, quickly spreading from country to country, or even pandemics, involving a significant part of the human population of the earth. Being a highly variable infection, influenza easy accumulates the resistance mutations to many antivirals. Usnic acid, a dibenzofuran originally ...
Rillahan Cory D - - 2012
Click 'n' chips: Azide and alkyne-bearing sialic acids (purple diamond; see picture) were subjected to high-throughput click chemistry to generate a library of sialic acid analogues. Microarray printing of the library and screening with the siglec family of sialic-acid-binding proteins, led to the identification of high-affinity ligands for siglec-9 and ...
Santos S - - 2012
Two novel HLA-A29 alleles were described. A*29:39 differs from A*29:02:01 by three clustered amino acid replacements at α1 domain, T73>I73, A76>V76 and N77>D77. A*29:40 shows one nucleotide difference regarding A*29:02:01 allele, resulting in one amino acid substitution at position 154, E154>G154.
Zhao Kai - - 2012
A lactic acid bacterium with high tolerance of temperature and lignocellulose derived inhibitor was isolated and characterized as Pediococcus acidilactici DQ2. The strain used in the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) for high titer lactic acid production at the high solids loading of corn stover. Corn stover was pretreated using ...
Zong Geng G Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2012
Palmitoleic acid has been shown to regulate adipokine expression and systemic metabolic homeostasis in animal studies. However, its association with human metabolic diseases remains controversial. We aimed to investigate associations of erythrocyte palmitoleic acid with adipokines, inflammatory markers, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a Chinese population. Erythrocyte fatty acids were ...
Chen Xiaojiao - - 2012
In this study, amphiphilic polyethylenimine-graft-thioctic acid (PEI-TA) and polyethylenimine-graft-lauric acid (PEI-LA) were synthesized. Both PEI-TA and PEI-LA could self-assemble into micelles. Due to the existence of disulfide-linked rings at the end of hydrophobic moieties, PEI-TA could form stable micelles with disulfide crosslinked cores (PEI-TA-SS). In comparison with the PEI-LA micelle, ...
Bjørke-Monsen Anne Lise AL Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. - - 2013
Epidemiological studies on the association between pregnancy outcomes and use of periconceptional folic acid are often based on maternal reported intake. Use of folic acid during pregnancy is associated with a higher socioeconomic status known to have an impact on diet quality. We have studied plasma B vitamin status according ...
Yang Minghui - - 2012
Mesoporous vanadium nitride (VN) with high surface area and good electrical conductivity was prepared by a solid-solid phase separation method from a Zn containing vanadium oxide, Zn(3)V(2)O(8). The VN supported Pd catalyst exhibited significant catalytic activity for formic acid oxidation.
Albabtain Monirah A - - 2012
Background : Antioxidant drugs such as N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and ascorbic acid have been evaluated in interventional studies to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), however, there are limited data on comparing either or both, with background of standard intravenous saline hydration versus the standard intravenous saline hydration alone in preventing CIN. Methods : We ...
Zatonska Katarzyna - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the content of specific fatty acids in the diet and adipose tissue in a selected group of inhabitants of Lower Silesia in Poland. Methods: The study group consisted of 95 inhabitants of Wroclaw and surrounding villages (22 men and 23 women ...
Lader Ellis - - 2012
QUESTION In high-risk patients with dysglycemia, do n-3 fatty acid supplements reduce risk for cardiovascular (CV) events? METHODS DESIGN Randomized, 2 x 2 factorial, placebo-controlled trial (Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention [ORIGIN] trial). ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00069784. ALLOCATION {Concealed}*.† BLINDING Blinded† (patients, {health care providers, data collectors}‡, and event adjudication ...
Misra Amita - - 2012
CYPs have major role in the biosynthesis and modification of secondary metabolites. Predicting the possible involvement of CYPs in secondary metabolism, 20 partial sequences were amplified from the cDNA of trichome enriched tissue of Artemisia annua. Seven CYPs were converted to full length and assigned to different families based on ...
Latocha Piotr - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta) is a new species, commercially grown in recent years. Total phenolics (TPC), vitamin C (TAA) content, antioxidant activity (AA) and their year-to-year variability in seven hardy kiwifruit clones were evaluated. TPC was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent assay. TAA was estimated by determination of l-ascorbic ...
Jackwood Daral J - - 2012
Nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequences of the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) surface protein VP2 have been used to identify strains of the virus and place them into phylogenetic groups. The amino acids across the hypervariable sequence region of VP2 (hvVP2) vary, but typically variant viruses have amino acids ...
Salehi-Pourmehr Hanieh - - 2012
Preeclampsia is one of the main causes of maternal and fetal mortality. Despite numerous studies, its etiology is unknown. Recently there has been attention towards Folic acid. This study examined the association of Folic acid consumption and its serum levels with Preeclampsia. A case-control study conducted in Tabriz- Alzahra hospital. ...
Martín-Ortíz Mamen - - 2012
Nucleobases team up: The efficient and selective preparation of purine-derived metallanucleosides, metallanucleotides, and metalladinucleotides having MC bonds (M=Ir(III) , Rh(III) ) is reported for the first time. The results presented may be applied to the synthesis of functionalized nucleic acids, or DNA/RNA-modified segments.
Vervacke Céline - - 2012
Here we demonstrate the fabrication, characterization and tailoring of porous organic nanomembranes and their direct integration on inorganic substrates for sensing applications. The chemically prepared nanomembranes can be integrated on both conducting and insulating substrates by either transfer or direct synthesis. We also successfully demonstrate their use for the detection ...
van Rossem Lenie - - 2012
Breastfed individuals have a lower blood pressure than formula-fed individuals. Supplementation with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in adults is also associated with a lower blood pressure. We studied whether children receiving human milk with a relatively high content of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids have a lower blood pressure ...
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