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Results 251 - 300 of 1639
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Cruz-Hernandez Cristina - - 2013
Human milk provides the key nutrients necessary for the infants' growth and development. The fatty acid composition of human milk has been extensively studied over the last 20 years and the results obtained by analyzing the fatty acid profile followed by lipid extraction and expressing data as g per 100g ...
Cai Quan - - 2013
Chiral phosphoric acid works together with Hoveyda-Grubbs II catalyst enabling highly efficient synthesis of enantioenriched tetrahydro-β-carboline (up to 95% yield, 90% ee) through an olefin isomerization/Pictet-Spengler cascade reaction via sequential catalysis.
Dai M - - 2013
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*02:357 differs from A*02:01:01:01 by a single nucleotide at position 840 from A to T exon 4, leading to amino acid substitution from Arg to Ser.
Wu Jason H Y JH Department of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
BACKGROUND- Palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7), and oleic acid (18:1n-9) are major saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids that affect cellular signaling and metabolic pathways. They are synthesized via de novo lipogenesis and are the main saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in the diet. Levels of these ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2013
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) plays a pivotal role in triacylglycerol (TAG) formation in some oleaginous organisms. We describe here the identification of a type 2 DGAT (PtDGAT2B) in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum that contains four putative type 2 acyl-CoA:DGATs, sharing little sequence similarity with each other. TAG synthesis and lipid body ...
Hegarty Matthew - - 2013
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is the most important forage crop in temperate livestock agriculture. Its nutritional quality has significant impact on the quality of meat and milk for human consumption. Evidence suggests that higher energy content in forage can assist in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ruminants. Increasing the ...
Yeon S H - - 2013
The objective of this study was to identify genetic variants in the bovine fatty acid synthase (FASN) gene and to evaluate associations with fatty acid composition from longissimus lumborum muscle using 90 purebred Hanwoo steers. Sequence alignments observed 6 genetic variants located in exons 20, 24, 32, 34, and 39, ...
Mannathan Subramaniyan - - 2013
Reaction of oxabicyclic alkenes with alkynes and organoboronic acids in the presence of Ni(cod)(2), P(t-Bu)(3), and CsF in a binary solvent toluene-methanol (1 : 3) at 75 to 85 °C provided exo-5,6-disubstituted 7-oxanorbornene derivatives in good to excellent yields.
Martinez Rodolfo A - - 2013
We have developed large-scale efficient procedures for the conversion of commercially available [(13) C]- or [(2) H3 ,(13) C]methanol and (13) CO2 or (13) C-labeled bromoacetic acid to 2-(phenylthio)[1,2-(13) C2 ]-, [1-(13) C]-, and [2-(13) C]acetic acid. The resulting derivatives are versatile, chemically stable, and nonvolatile two-carbon labeling precursors. We ...
Bézier David - - 2013
B(C(6)F(5))(3) efficiently catalyzes hydrosilylation of aliphatic and aromatic carboxylic acids to produce disilyl acetals under mild conditions. Catalyst loadings can be as low as 0.05 mol %, and bulky tertiary silanes are favored to give selectively the acetals. Acidic workup of the disilyl acetals results in the formation of aldehydes ...
Ferrer A - - 2013
Influence of operational variables in the EFB pulping [acetic acid (60-95%), hydrochloric acid (0.10-0.25%) and time (60-180min)], on the yield, drainability or beating grade, Kappa number, lignin and viscosity of pulps was studied. By using a factorial design, equations were obtained that reproduced the experimental results for the dependent variables ...
Layek Buddhadev - - 2013
In order to develop a safe, effective, and biocompatible gene delivery vector, a series of hydrophobic amino acid grafted chitosan (AGC) derivatives were synthesized by carbodiimide mediated coupling reaction. Chemical characterization of AGC polymers was performed by NMR and elemental analysis. AGC polymers demonstrated excellent blood compatibility and cell viability ...
Mandal S K - - 2013
This study reports the measurement of stability constants for the interaction of As (V and III) and Sb (V and III) with humic substances extracted from aquatic sediments of the Sundarban mangrove forest ecosystem. It was observed that As and Sb formed a slightly more stable association with fulvic acid ...
Xu Haiyang - - 2013
Bitter acids, well known for the beer flavoring and their diverse biological activities, are predominantly formed in hop (Humulus lupulus) glandular trichomes. Branched short-chain acyl-CoAs (e.g. isobutyryl-CoA, isovaleryl-CoA and 2-methylbutyryl-CoA), derived from the degradation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), are essential building blocks for the biosynthesis of bitter acids in ...
Fromme H - - 2013
Glycol ethers are a class of semi-volatile substances used as solvents in a variety of consumer products like cleaning agents, paints, cosmetics as well as chemical intermediates. We determined 11 metabolites of ethylene and propylene glycol ethers in 44 urine samples of German residents (background level study) and in urine ...
Aires Alfredo - - 2013
The present investigation has been carried out to investigate the biological role of four different types of baby-leaf salads and to study their potential as natural sources of antioxidants and antimicrobials against several isolates from important human pathogenic bacteria. Four single types of salads (green lettuce, red lettuce, rucola and ...
Jain Teerthesh - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength of commercially available acrylic (trevalone) and modified polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Materials and methods: Four groups were tested; Group 1- control group regular MMA, group 2-2% methacrylic acid, 88% MMA, group 3-16% methacrylic acid, 84% MMA group 4- ...
Gao Yi-Xiong - - 2013
Purpose: To describe the fatty acid composition of human colostrum in three different regions of China. Methods: Women were recruited from river/lake, coastal and inland regions of China during late pregnancy. Their diet frequency was assessed during the 34th week of pregnancy. Colostrum samples were collected between postpartum days 3 ...
Inoue Kana - - 2013
Visceral fat accumulation is caused by over-nutrition and physical inactivity. Excess accumulation of visceral fat associates with atherosclerosis. Polyunsaturated fatty acids have an important role in human nutrition, but imbalance of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially low eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) / arachidonic acid (AA) ratio, is associated with increased ...
Emken Edward - - 2013
Human studies using deuterium-labeled fatty acids have answered many questions related to the metabolism and health effects of dietary fats. These studies also raised a number of unanswered questions and unresolved issues. For example, studies with cis and trans positional isomers dispelled concerns and allegations that the isomers in partially ...
Xu Feng - - 2013
In this article, we describe an aptamer-based sandwich-type electrochemical sensor for the detection of human alpha-thrombin. Au nanoneedles were synthesized in the hole of the naked polycarbonate (PC) template using electrodepositing strategy. The thiolated thrombin aptamer I was immobilized as the capture probe on the gold nanoneedles through Au-S bond. ...
Fingolo Catharina E - - 2013
The phytochemical study of Dorstenia arifolia Lam. (Moraceae) has led to the identification of 18 triterpenes esterified by fatty acids, five triterpenes without esterification, 12 triterpenes esterified by acetic acid, together with a known furanocoumarin: α-amyrin (1), β-amyrin (2) α-amyrin acetate (3) β-amyrin acetate (4), α-amyrin octanoate (5), β-amyrin octanoate ...
Peng Hao - - 2013
Association between vitamin D insufficiency and hyperuricemia has not been reported so far. We aimed to study the association of vitamin D insufficiency with elevated serum uric acid among middle-aged and elderly Chinese Han women. We collected data from participants residing in Jinchang district of Suzhou from January to May, ...
Sharma Vivek K - - 2013
Three LNA-based mercaptoacetamido-linked nonionic nucleoside dimers T(L)-S-T, T-S-T(L) , and T(L)-S-T(L) have been synthesized by HOBT and HBTU catalyzed condensation of silyl-protected 2-S-(thymidin-5 '-yl)mercaptoacetic acid or 2-S-(2 '-O,4 '-C-methylenethymidin-5 '-yl)mercaptoacetic acid with 3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy-5 '-O-DMT-2 '-O,4 '-C-methylenethymidine or with 3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy-5 '-O-DMT-β-thymidine followed by desilylation of the protected dimers. The 3 '-O-phosphoramidite derivative of one of the nucleoside dimers was successfully ...
Gomes P T C - - 2013
Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is a principal food for large populations of poor people in the tropics and subtropics. Its edible roots are poor in protein and lack several essential amino acids. Interspecific hybrids may acquire high protein characteristics from wild species. We analyzed 19 hybrids of M. esculenta with its ...
Kruse Myriam - - 2013
Lithoautotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterial populations from moving-bed biofilters of brackish recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS; shrimp and barramundi) were tested for their metabolic activity and phylogenetic diversity. Samples from the biofilters were labeled with (13)C-bicarbonate and supplemented with nitrite at concentrations of 0.3, 3 and 10 mM, and incubated at 17 and ...
Elkhadem Ahmed - - 2013
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Unpublished data were sought by searching ClinicalTrials.gov, the National Research Register and Pro-Quest Dissertation Abstracts and Thesis database. There were no language restrictions.Study selectionRandomised and controlled clinical trials (including split mouth) directly ...
Barkley Noelle A - - 2013
Fatty acid composition of oil extracted from peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed is an important quality trait because it may affect the flavor and shelf life of resulting food products. In particular, a high ratio of oleic (C18:1) relative to linoleic (C18:2) fatty acid (O/L ≥ 10) results in a ...
Daud Akmar Zuraini - - 2013
Excessive intake of trans fatty acids (TFA) could reduce the fat density of human milk and impair the desaturation of essential fatty acids. Because the mammary glands are unable to synthesize TFA, it is likely that the TFA in human milk come from dietary intake. Thus, the aim of this ...
Li Si-Wei - - 2013
We explored the desaturase activities and the correlation of fatty acid desaturases (FADS) gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with plasma fatty acid in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients in a Chinese Han population. Plasma fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography in CAD patients (nā€Š=ā€Š505) and a control group (nā€Š=ā€Š510). ...
Hellmuth Christian - - 2013
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue (AT) is an established long-term biomarker for fatty acid (FA) intake and status, but AT samples are not easily available. Nonesterified FA composition in plasma (pNEFA) may be a good indicator of AT FA composition, because pNEFA are mainly generated by AT lipolysis. We ...
He Zhengguo - - 2013
The ring-opening polymerization of l-lactic acid O-carboxyanhydrides was initiated by triisopropoxyneodymium in toluene-THF mixtures. Typically, high yields and relatively high molecular weight PLAs were obtained within 4 h at 25 °C. The reaction was highly controllable and easy to conduct, and the molecular weight distribution of the PLAs was rather ...
Fontenete Sílvia - - 2013
The understanding of the human microbiome and its influence upon human life has long been a subject of study. Hence, methods that allow the direct detection and visualization of microorganisms and microbial consortia (e.g. biofilms) within the human body would be invaluable. In here, we assessed the possibility of developing ...
Jones Kate L KL Centre for Virology, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, - - 2013
The scarcity of certain nucleic acid species and the small size of target sequences such as miRNA, impose a significant barrier to subcellular visualization and present a major challenge to cell biologists. Here, we offer a generic and highly sensitive visualization approach (oligo fluorescent in situ hybridization, O-FISH) that can ...
Chen Ying-Chen YC School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2013
In this study, alendronate, the most commonly used biphosphonate for treating osteoporosis, was formulated as gastroretentive dosage form (GRDF) tablets to enhance its oral bioavailability. GRDF tablets were characterized with the effects of different molecular weights (MWs) of chitosan (CS) and hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) at various ratios on swelling, floating, ...
Cao Shijiang S Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Plant Industry ACT, - - 2013
Vegetable oils high in oleic acid are considered to be advantageous because of their better nutritional value and potential industrial applications. The oleic acid content in the classic safflower oil is normally 10-15% while a natural mutant (ol) accumulates elevated oleic acid up to 70% in seed oil. As a ...
Cao Yun Y BioHelix Corporation, Beverly, - - 2013
Helicase-dependent amplification (HDA) is a novel method for the isothermal in vitro amplification of nucleic acids. The HDA reaction selectively amplifies a target sequence by extension of two oligonucleotide primers. Unlike the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), HDA uses a helicase enzyme to separate the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) strands, rather than ...
Perales-Alcacio J L A JL Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C., Unidad de Materiales, Calle 43 No. 130, Col. Chuburná de Hidalgo. Mérida, Yucatán, - - 2013
Novel biodegradable segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) were synthesized with polycaprolactone diol, 4,4'-methylen bis (cyclohexyl isocyanate) (HMDI), and either L-glutathione or its constituent amino acids (L-glutamic acid, L-cysteine and glycine) as chain extenders. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed the feasibility of obtaining polyurethanes through the presence of NH (Amide II), C-N, ...
Happyana Nizar - - 2012
Trichomes, especially the capitate-stalked glandular hairs, are well known as the main sites of cannabinoid and essential oil production of Cannabis sativa. In this study the distribution and density of various types of Cannabis sativa L. trichomes, have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, glandular trichomes were isolated ...
Noor M Omair - - 2012
A paper based solid-phase assay is presented for transduction of nucleic acid hybridization using immobilized quantum dots (QDs) as donors in fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The surface of paper was modified with imidazole groups to immobilize QD-probe oligonucleotide conjugates that were assembled in solution. Green-emitting QDs (gQDs) were FRET ...
Fahy Deirdre - - 2012
Plant oilseeds are a major source of nutritional oils. Their fatty acid composition, especially the proportion of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, has important effects on human health. Because intake of saturated fats is correlated with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, a goal of metabolic engineering is to ...
Nelson Robert H RH Endocrine Research Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2013
Plasma free fatty acid (FFA) kinetics in humans are often measured with only one tracer. In study 1, healthy volunteers received infusions of [U-¹³C]linoleate, [U-¹³C]oleate, and [U-¹³C]palmitate during continuous feeding with liquid meals low (n = 12) and high (n = 5) in palmitate and containing three labeled fatty acids ...
Zhou Xiaoyuan - - 2012
We report the one-pot alkylation of mesitylene with carbohydrate-derived 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) as a step toward diesel-range liquids. Using FeCl(3) as a catalyst, HMF is shown to alkylate toluene, xylene, and mesitylene in high yields in CH(2) Cl(2) and MeNO(2) solvents. Efforts to extend this reaction to greener or safer solvents ...
Su Chia-Hung - - 2012
The catalytic performance and recoverability of several homogeneous acid catalysts (hydrochloric, sulfuric, and nitric acids) for the esterification of enzyme-hydrolyzed free fatty acid (FFA) and methanol were studied. Although all tested catalysts drove the reaction to a high yield, hydrochloric acid was the only catalyst that could be considerably recovered ...
Ha Suk-Jin - - 2013
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cannot utilize cellobiose, but this yeast can be engineered to ferment cellobiose by introducing both cellodextrin transporter (cdt-1) and intracellular β-glucosidase (gh1-1) genes from Neurospora crassa. Here, we report that an engineered S. cerevisiae strain expressing the putative hexose transporter gene HXT2.4 from Scheffersomyces stipitis and gh1-1 can ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2012
Since our first report on the identification of the fungal type III polyketide synthase (PKS) genes csyA∼D in Aspergillus oryzae RIB40, type III PKS homologues have also been found in other fungal species. We previously reported the isolation and structural determination of csypyrone B1 as the main product of CsyB ...
Umierski Natalie - - 2012
An efficient, high-yielding, and transition-metal-free synthesis of diaryl sulfones from arylsulfinic acid salts and diaryliodonium salts has been developed. The mild reaction conditions tolerate a range of functional groups, and unsymmetrical diaryliodonium salts show high chemoselectivity.
Kim Minyoung - - 2012
A mild, practical and efficient palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative ortho-acylation of O-methyl ketoximes with α-keto acids via C-H bond activation is described. In these reactions, a broad range of O-methyl ketoximes and α-keto acids undergoes the decarboxylative cross-coupling reactions with high selectivities and good tolerance.
Monos D - - 2012
HLA-C*04:112 differs from HLA-C*04:01:01:01 by one nucleotide at position 270 resulting in an amino acid change, Lysine to Asparagine, at codon 66 of exon 2.
Hu Yi - - 2012
AX10479, the phenyl amide of 4-hydroxy-8-methanesulfonylamino-quinoline-2-carboxylic acid, was identified as a Zn(2+)-dependent, 27nM inhibitor of human plasma Lp-PLA(2). Structure-activity relationship studies focused on the AX10479 2-phenylamide group identified equipotent cycloaliphatic amides, an enantioselective preference for chiral amides, and phenyl substitution patterns (e.g., 2-methyl-3-fluoro) that increased potency.
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