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Kim Yeon Bok - - 2013
Red-flowered buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is used in the production of tea, juice, and alcohols after the detoxification of fagopyrin. We investigated the metabolomics and regulatory control of anthocyanin production in red-flowered (Gan-Chao) and white-flowered (Tanno) buckwheat cultivars by using quantitative real-time RT-PCR, gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and high performance ...
Horcada Alberto - - 2013
In the present study, fatty acid and triacylglycerol profiles were used to evaluate the possibility of authenticating Iberian dry-cured sausages according to their label specifications. 42 Commercial brand 'chorizo' and 39 commercial brand 'salchichón' sausages from Iberian pigs were purchased. 36 Samples were labelled Bellota and 45 bore the generic ...
Wei Wen-Ting - - 2013
The content of 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA), a marker compound in royal jelly (RJ), is the most important criterion in grading RJ for commercial trade and varies with its origin. To identify the effect of geographical origin on 10-HDA content in RJ, 138 samples were collected from 19 provinces of China ...
Gayatridevi S S Department of Biochemistry, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga, 585 106 - - 2013
Differential expression of catalase isozymes in different genotypes of chickpea resistant genotypes- A1, JG-315, JG-11, WR-315, R1-315, Vijaya, ICCV-15017, GBS-964, GBM-10, and susceptible genotypes- JG-62, MNK, ICCV-08321, ICCV-08311, KW-104, ICCV-08123, ICC-4951, ICC-11322, ICC-08116 for wilt disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. ciceri (Foc) was analyzed. Salicylic acid (SA) and ...
Flynn Timothy Corcoran TC Cary and Chapel Hill, N.C.; and West Lafayette, Ind. From the Cary Skin Center; the Department of Dermatology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the Department of Chemistry, Purdue University; and Pandion Laboratories, - - 2013
In this study, the authors sought to determine the molecular weight distribution of three hyaluronic acids-Belotero Balance, Restylane, and Juvéderm Ultra-and their rates of degradation following exposure to hyaluronidase. Lot consistency of Belotero Balance also was analyzed. Three lots of Belotero Balance were analyzed using liquid chromatography techniques. The product ...
Takeda Tadahiro - - 2013
Chiral bis(guanidino)iminophosphoranes were designed and synthesized as a chiral uncharged organosuperbase catalyst that facilitates activation of less-acidic pro-nucleophiles. The newly developed bis(guanidino)iminophosphorane which possesses the high-est basicity among chiral organocatalysts reported to date was proven to be a superb class of chiral organosuperbase by the reaction of azodicarboxylates with 2-alkyl ...
Hasim Ayshamgul - - 2013
In this study, plasma-free amino acid profiles were used to investigate pre-cancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) metabolic signatures in plasma. Additionally, the diagnostic potential of these profiles was assessed, as well as their ability to provide novel insight into CSCC metabolism and systemic effects. ...
Sun Xiujuan - - 2013
Fluorine-doped carbon blacks as inexpensive, high performance electrocatalysts for acidic oxygen reduction reaction were synthesized. The performance of the optimal catalyst (BP-18F) is close to the level of other reported best non-Pt electrocatalysts in acid, but with superlow H2O2 yield (<0.1%) ever. Their high performance is confirmed by quantum calculations.
Xu Jingyu - - 2013
Glycerolipids of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana are enriched particularly with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and also with an appreciable level of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The present study describes the functional characterization of a type 2 diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT2, EC 2.3.1.20) from T. pseudonana, designated TpDGAT2, which catalyzes the final step of triacylglycerol ...
Chaiittianan Rungsiri - - 2013
Abstract For potential topical administration, we formulated a nanoemulsion containing phenolic constituents of Phyllanthus emblica branch extract. The nanoemulsion has high entrapment efficiency, small particle size, is stable, and can release its main chemical components. Branches of P. emblica were extracted with 50% ethanol (EPE) with 5.4% yield. HPLC analysis ...
Peng Lili - - 2013
In this study, efficient polymer-grade l-lactic acid production was achieved with the strain Bacillus sp. P38 by using cellulosic hydrolysate as the sole carbon source. In fed-batch fermentation, 180gL(-1)l-lactic acid was obtained with a volumetric productivity of 2.4gL(-1)h(-1) and a yield of 0.96gg(-1) total reducing sugars. No d-isomer of lactic ...
Wang Fang - - 2013
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) offer a promising strategy for cancer therapy. The discovery of potent ferulic acid-based HDACIs with hydroxamic acid or 2-aminobenzamide group as zinc binding group was reported. The halogeno-acetanilide was introduced as novel surface recognition moiety (SRM). The majority of title compounds displayed potent HDAC inhibitory activity. ...
Ceruso Mariangela - - 2013
Reaction of cyanuryl fluoride with sulfanilamide or 4-aminoethylbenzenesulfonamide afforded triazinyl-substituted benzenesulfonamides incorporating fluorine, which were further derivatized by reaction with amines, amino alcohols, amino acids or amino acid esters. Inhibition studies of all the human (h) carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms, hCA I-XIV with these compounds revealed that they ...
Hao Yuanqiang - - 2013
A novel electrochemical active polyaniline (PANI) nanowire was fabricated and utilized for the construction of a highly sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor for hepatitis B virus gene. The uniform PANI nanowire was prepared by the enzymatic polymerization of aniline monomers on the amyloid-like nanofiber (AP nanowire), which was self-assembled from ...
Matković Marija - - 2013
Several new adamantyl and homoadamantyl-substituted [Formula: see text]-hydroxybutyric acids, 2-[2-(1-adamantyl)ethyl]-3-hydroxybutyric acid (2), 2-(3-homoadamantyl)-3-hydroxybutyric acid (3), and 2-(1-homoadamantyl)-3-hydroxybutyric acid (4), analogues of the 2-(1-adamantyl)-3-hydroxybutyric acid (1), have been prepared as mixtures of diastereoisomers using selective reduction of corresponding [Formula: see text]-keto esters or aldol condensation of the corresponding carboxylic acid and ...
Doyle Eva - - 2013
A stereochemically safe high-yielding procedure for linking unprotected as well as protected hydroxycarboxylic acids to chiral secondary alcohols via glycolic acid linker is proposed. L-menthol has been linked with both enantiomers of mandelic, malic, and methoxyphenylacetic acid using bromo- or iodoacetyl group as a precursor of the glycolic acid linker. ...
Beydoun May A MA National Institute on Aging, Intramural Research Program, NIH, Baltimore, - - 2013
Evidence that depressive symptoms are inversely related to n-3 (ω-3) fatty acids is growing among United States adults. We assessed whether self-reported depressive symptoms were inversely associated with n-3 fatty acid intakes by using a cross-sectional study in 1746 adults (aged 30-65 y) in Baltimore City, MD (2004-2009). The 20-item ...
Solé Cristina - - 2013
Piece of the (inter)action: The interaction of alkoxides with the sp(2) Bpin (pin=pinacol) moiety in aminoboranes forms the in situ Lewis acid-base adduct [RO(-) →B(OR)2 N(R')2 ] which enables the amino moiety to react as a strong nucleophile with several electrophiles, thus providing amino alcohols, β-enamino esters, and β-hydroxy amides ...
Opperman M - - 2013
Globally the omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplement industry is expanding rapidly while consumers are becoming more aware of the health benefits of n-3 fatty acids. Our group conducted a survey in 2009 on 45 commercially available fish oil supplements on the South African market. The aim of the study was ...
Maki Kevin C - - 2013
A novel omega-3 formulation in free fatty acid form (OM3-FFA) has as much as 4-fold greater bioavailability than ethyl ester forms and reduces triglyceride (TG) levels in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adding OM3-FFA (2 or 4 g/d) to statin therapy for ...
Scholtens Denise M - - 2013
ObjectiveTo characterize metabolites across the range of maternal glucose by comparing metabolomic profiles of mothers with high and low fasting plasma glucose (FPG).Research Design and MethodsWe compared fasting serum from an oral glucose-tolerance test at ∼28 weeks' gestation from 67 Northern European ancestry mothers from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy ...
Takkunen Markus - - 2013
Erythrocyte membrane fatty acid (EMFA) composition is used in the validation of food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) and the evaluation of dietary fat quality. In this cross-sectional study we aimed to investigate associations of diet with EMFA. Altogether, 1,033 randomly selected Finnish men, aged from 47 to 75 years filled in a ...
Zangana Karzan H - - 2013
Three octanuclear phosphonate clusters, formulated as [Ln8(O3P(t)Bu)6(µ3-OH)2(H2O)2(HO(i)Bu)(O2C(t)Bu)12](NH3(i)Pr)2 (Ln = Gd, Dy and Tb), were synthesised by refluxing a mixture of pivalic acid (HO2C(t)Bu), Ln(NO3)3·6H2O, tert-Butyl phosphonic acid (H2O3P(t)Bu) and isopropylamine ((i)PrNH2) in isobutyl alcohol (i)BuOH.
Dutta Subrata - - 2013
Photochemical, nucleic acid-induced reactions, which are controlled by nontoxic red light, are well suit-able for detection of nucleic acids in live cells, since they do not require any additives and can be spatially and temporally regulated. We have recently described the first reaction of this type, in which a phenylse-lenyl ...
Subha N - - 2013
The aim of this investigation was to compare the effectiveness of 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine, 1% peracetic acid, and 10% povidone-iodine in the rapid disinfection of Resilon (Pentron Clinical Technologies, LLC, Wallingford, CT) and gutta-percha cones contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and Bacillus subtilis. Two hundred fifty-six samples consisting ...
Zhu Lihui - - 2013
A facile tandem [2 + 2] cycloaddition and Nazarov reaction has been developed. The combination of In(OTf)3 and benzoic acid was found to synergistically promote the coupling of alkynes and acetals to form 2,3-disubstituted indanones in excellent yield and diastereoselectivity.
Zhang Yue - - 2013
Due to the high content (25-50%) of free fatty acid (FFA), crude rice bran oil usually requires a two steps conversion or one step conversion with very harsh condition for simultaneous esterification and transesterification. In this study, chlorosulfonic acid modified zirconia (HClSO3-ZrO2) with strong acidity and durability is prepared and ...
Kimura Kazuyoshi - - 2013
Increasing concentration of histidine significantly increased stearidonic acid production and cell growth in oleaginous Saccharomyces cerevisiae that has been genetically modified by Δsnf2 disruption, DGA1 and Δ6 desaturase gene overexpression, and LEU2 expression. High concentration of histidine in wild-type transformant and HIS3 expression in Δsnf2 transformant also increased stearidonic acid.
Fujii Yukiko - - 2013
Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs), including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), are persistent organic pollutants that pose human health risks. However, sources of contamination and exposure pathways of PFCAs have not been explored. In this study, PFCA concentrations were quantified in personal care products. Among 24 samples that listed fluorinated compounds, such as ...
Ng Oon Tek OT Department of - - 2014
Determinants of intersubtype differences in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) clinical disease progression remain unknown. HIV-1 subtype was independently determined for 5 separate genomic regions in 396 HIV-1 seroconverters from Rakai, Uganda, using a multiregion hybridization assay. Replication capacities (RC) in samples from a subset of 145 of these ...
Yaemsiri Sirin S From the Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (S.Y., W.R.R., W.R., K.H.); National Centers for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD (S.Y.); Department of Neurology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (S.S.); Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (L.F.T.); Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (R.W.E.); Department of Epidemiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (S.W.S.); and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN - - 2013
Although studies have linked types of fatty acids with coronary heart disease, data on individual fatty acids and risk of ischemic stroke are limited. We aimed to examine the associations between serum fatty acid concentrations and incidence of ischemic stroke and its subtypes. We conducted a prospective case-control study nested ...
Xia Jun Hong - - 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids for human health. Therefore, increasing both percentage of omega-3 and a better fatty acid profile in fish fillets is one of the breeding goals in aquaculture. However, it is difficult to increase the omega-3 content in fish fillets, as the phenotypic selection of ...
Mathure Sarika V - - 2014
For the first time, 91 Indian rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars, belonging to non-basmati scented (77), basmati (9) and non-scented (5) categories, were quantitatively analysed for 23 headspace volatiles. In addition, the BADH2 marker related to 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) synthesis is validated among the cultivars representing these categories. The non-basmati scented ...
Hong Jin Young - - 2013
Fractionation and delignification of empty fruit bunches (EFB) was conducted in a series of two steps under low reaction severity with the aim of minimizing the neutralization of hydrolyzates. In EFB underwent acid fractionation, the glucan content was increased to 62.4%, at which point 86.9% of the hemicellulosic sugar and ...
Høstmark Arne Torbjørn - - 2013
Many health effects of oils rich in oleic acid (18:1 n9) seem to be opposite those of arachidonic acid (20:4 n6), i.e. concerning cardiovascular risk. In recent study in rats we observed that percentages of oleic acid and arachidonic acid were inversely related in total serum lipids. In the present ...
Terao Chikashi C Center for Genomic Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan. - - 2013
Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a rare autoimmune arteritis that affects large arteries. Although the association between TAK and HLA-B 52:01 is established, the other susceptibility HLA-B alleles are not fully known. We performed genetic association studies to determine independent HLA-B susceptibility alleles other than HLA-B 52:01 and to identify important ...
Dai Xiayun - - 2013
Our aim was to study whether there is causal association between serum uric acid and metabolic syndrome (MetS). A cross-sectional study was performed, including a total of 27,009 subjects (23,345 subjects having uric acid data) from the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort study. The MetS was defined by the International Diabetes Foundation criteria ...
Pramanik Subhamay - - 2013
Aggregates of hexaphenylbenzene derivatives 3, having pyrene groups form network of fluorescent nanofibres in presence of mercury ions. Further, fluorescent nanofibres of 3-Hg(2+) supramolecular ensemble exhibit sensitive and pronounced response towards the picric acid. In addition, the solution coated paper strips of 3-Hg(2+) supramolecular ensemble can detect picric acid in ...
Liu Xiaoqing - - 2013
Hybrid systems consisting of nucleic acid-functionalized silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) and graphene oxide (GO) are used for the development of fluorescent DNA sensors, aptasensors, and for the multiplexed analysis of a series of genes of infectious pathogens. Two types of nucleic acid-stabilized AgNCs are used; One type includes the red-emitting AgNCs ...
Caligiani Augusta - - 2013
Different grades of genuine and counterfeit Fraxinus excelsior exudates, marketed as natural sweeteners or mild laxatives, were evaluated for their proximate composition and for saccharidic, organic acids, lipidic and phenolic profile by means of GC-MS and (1)H NMR. Genuine samples contained mannitol (39-48g/100g, according to the grade), fructose (9-16g/100g), glucose ...
Alasalvar Cesarettin - - 2013
Two types of instant teas produced from low- and high-quality black teas were examined for their proximate composition, dietary fiber, minerals, water-soluble vitamins, total phenolic content, various antioxidant assays, phenolics (flavanols, condensed phenolics, and phenolic acids), alkoloids, and carotenoids as well as taste-active compounds (sugars, organic acids, and free amino ...
Qi Hong-Lin - - 2013
An efficient and selective electrosynthesis of phenols and anilines from arylboronic acids in aqueous ammonia is achieved in an undivided cell. By simply changing the concentration of aqueous ammonia and the anode potential, good yields of phenols and anilines can be obtained chemoselectively with high reaction rates. We propose that ...
Shan Qiyuan - - 2013
Glechoma longituba, one of the long-practiced traditional Chinese medicines in history, is still commonly used nowadays in oriental countries. Previous study indicates that phenolic acid and flavonoids have considerable bioactivities, thus, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, apigenin-7-O-glucoside and rosmarinic acid were chosen as the marker components for the simultaneous determination to ...
Aydin Ilgin - - 2013
Introduction and Aim: To assess the impact of new alternative solutions to formaldehyde and xylene on tissue processing, 13 different tissue processings were designed and performed on thirteen different tissues by using five different fixatives (formaldehyde, Glyo-Fixx® , FineFix® , Cell-block® , Green-Fix® ) and four different clearing agents (xylene, ...
Gall Markus G - - 2013
A moderately thermostable esterase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus (BsteE) and its homolog from Bacillus subtilis (BsubE) show a high structural similarity with more than 95 % homology and 74 % amino acid identity. Interestingly, their thermal stability differs significantly by 30 °C in their melting temperature. In order to identify the positions that are ...
Zhang Jian - - 2013
There is limited information regarding the intake and status of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in Chinese pregnant women with different dietary patterns. We hypothesize that there will be significant differences in long chain n-3 and n-6 PUFA status in pregnant women from 3 regions of China (river/lake, coastal and inland). ...
Pezo Valérie - - 2013
Hereditary information, coded in two bases, can be conveyed to DNA in vivo in the form of cyclohexenyl nucleic acid (CeNA), arabinofuranosyl nucleic acid (AraNA), and hexitol nucleic acid (HNA) messages. It was thus demonstrated that a binary genetic cassette can be used for the title process.
Zong Geng - - 2013
Experimental studies suggest that elevated de novo lipogenesis (DNL) might be involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders. Few prospective studies have been conducted, especially among populations with a high carbohydrate intake, to determine whether DNL fatty acids are associated with the risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed ...
Seo Jungmin - - 2013
A rhodium-catalyzed cyclization using alkynes and arylphosphonic acid monoesters for the synthesis of phosphaisocoumarins is reported. A number of arylphosphonic acid monoesters were selectively cyclized in high yields with functional group tolerance. In addition, unsymmetrical alkynes are applied in high regioselectivity.
Kikukawa Hiroshi - - 2013
A ω3-fatty acid desaturase gene (maw3) which is involved in biosynthesis of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) was previously isolated from Mortierella alpina 1S-4. In this report, we investigated the products of MAW3 catalyzing reaction with endogenous and exogenous fatty acids in the yeast transformant. Two unusual fatty acids de ...
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