Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1646
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Nonaka Kazuhiro - - 2008
Twenty seven soil bacterial isolates able to grow on cinnamic acid or ferulic acid as a sole carbon and energy source were examined for the ability to utilize other phenylpropanoids and phylogenetic interrelationships. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that 26 of the isolates were closely related to Pseudomonas ...
Harsha H C - - 2008
Stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) is a simple in vivo labeling strategy for mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics. It relies on the metabolic incorporation of nonradioactive heavy isotopic forms of amino acids into cellular proteins, which can be readily distinguished in a mass spectrometer. As the ...
Vigne Paul - - 2008
Chronic hypoxia is a major component of ischemic diseases such as stroke or myocardial infarction. Drosophila is more tolerant to hypoxia than most mammalian species. It is considered as a useful model organism to identify new mechanisms of hypoxic tolerance. The hypoxic tolerance of flies has previously been reported to ...
Timmerman Kyle L KL Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-0460, - - 2008
To examine recent discoveries related to the amino acid metabolism and regulatory effects in aging, focusing on the development and treatment of age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia). While basal amino acid metabolism may be unaffected by age, elderly subjects appear to have a decreased ability to respond to anabolic stimuli such ...
Wang Xuemin - - 2008
Eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) plays a key role in controlling the initiation of mRNA translation. eIF2B is heteropentamer whose catalytic (epsilon) subunit promotes GDP/GTP exchange on eIF2. We show here that depriving human cells of amino acids rapidly results in the inhibition of eIF2B, independently of changes in eIF2 ...
Barthet Michelle M - - 2008
The rapidly evolving chloroplast matK gene has nucleotide and amino acid substitution rates suggestive of progression toward a pseudogene state. However, molecular evidence has demonstrated that matK is expressed and functional. We explore in this paper the underlying factors behind the mode and tempo of matK evolution that allow this ...
Madhavi, D L
Amino acid availability and functional properties of vegetables proteins
Stumpe Martin C - - 2007
The molecular mechanism of urea-induced protein denaturation is not yet fully understood. Mainly two opposing mechanisms are controversially discussed, according to which either hydrophobic, or polar interactions are the dominant driving force. To resolve this question, we have investigated the interactions between urea and all 20 amino acids by comprehensive ...
Shamim Mohammad Tabrez Anwar - - 2007
MOTIVATION: Fold recognition is a key step in the protein structure discovery process, especially when traditional sequence comparison methods fail to yield convincing structural homologies. Although many methods have been developed for protein fold recognition, their accuracies remain low. This can be attributed to insufficient exploitation of fold discriminatory features. ...
Castro-Puyana María - - 2007
In addition to the 20 amino acids universally distributed as protein constituents in living organisms, there are other amino acids of non-protein origin that can be found in foods. The determination of these non-protein amino acids is interesting since they can be indicative of the quality and safety of foods. ...
Deamer David W - - 2007
L-amino acids and D-carbohydrates were incorporated into the first forms of life over 3.5 billion years ago, presumably from racemic mixtures of organic solutes produced by abiotic synthetic pathways. The process by which this choice occurred has not been established, but a consensus view is that it was a chance ...
Bertin Cécile - - 2007
Fine fescue grasses displace neighboring plants by depositing large quantities of an aqueous phytotoxic root exudate in the soil rhizosphere. Via activity-guided fractionation, we have isolated and identified the nonprotein amino acid m-tyrosine as the major active component. m-Tyrosine is significantly more phytotoxic than its structural isomers o- and p-tyrosine. ...
Fernández-Navarro Mónica - - 2008
Maslinic acid (2-alpha, 3-beta-dihydroxiolean-12-en-28-oic acid) is a triterpenoid compound present in fruit and leaves of Olea europaea that can be used as an additive in the diet of trout. The present work investigates the effects of maslinic acid on growth, protein-turnover rates and nucleic acid concentration in trout white muscle. ...
Verslues Paul E - - 2007
Abscisic acid is a powerful signaling molecule that accumulates in response to abiotic stress. However, no potential receptors that could perceive this increase in abscisic acid had been identified until recent reports of three abscisic acid binding proteins: the nuclear protein Flowering Time Control Locus A, the chloroplast protein Magnesium ...
Adedokun S A - - 2007
Ileal endogenous amino acid (IEAA) flow in turkey poults was determined at 2 experimental locations on d 5, 15, and 21 posthatch using 3 methods, namely a N-free diet (NFD), a highly digestible protein (casein), and the regression method, obtained by regressing IEAA flow against dietary casein levels. The diets ...
Suwat Saengkerdsub, 1975-
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Chulalongkorn University, 1999
Zhou X-X - - 2008
Thermophilic proteins show substantially higher intrinsic thermal stability than their mesophilic counterparts. Amino acid composition is believed to alter the intrinsic stability of proteins. Several investigations and mutagenesis experiment have been carried out to understand the amino acid composition for the thermostability of proteins. This review presents some generalized features ...
Lerch T Z - - 2007
The use of stable isotope probing of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME-SIP) is a powerful tool to study the microorganisms involved in xenobiotic biodegradation in soil. Nevertheless, it is important to determine how representative these molecules are of microorganisms both qualitatively and quantitatively. Using Cupriavidus necator JMP134 as a simple ...
Métayer Sonia - - 2008
Amino acids regulate protein synthesis and breakdown (i.e., protein turnover) and consequently protein deposition, which corresponds to the balance between the two processes. Elucidating the mechanisms involved in such regulation is important from fundamental and applied points of view since it can provide a basis to optimize amino acid requirements ...
Sriram Ganesh - - 2007
Biosynthetically directed fractional (13)C labeling, a popular methodology of metabolic flux analysis, involves culture on a mixture of (13)C and (12)C substrates and preparation a 'metabolic flux analyte' (typically protein hydrolysate) from the biomass. Metabolic flux analytes prepared from complex eukaryotes may contain additional compounds than those prepared from microorganisms. ...
Pattison David I - - 2007
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a powerful oxidant generated from H2O2 and Cl- by the heme enzyme myeloperoxidase, which is released from activated leukocytes. HOCl possesses potent antibacterial properties, but excessive production can lead to host tissue damage that occurs in numerous human pathologies. As proteins and amino acids are highly ...
Bergeron Karen K Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Food Sciences and Agriculture, Laval University Québec, Québec, - - 2007
This study investigated the role of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFAs) of muscle phospholipids in the regulation of neonatal metabolism. Twenty-eight piglets were weaned at 2 days of age and raised on one of two milk formulas that consisted of either a control formula supplying 0% or a formula ...
Humayun Mohammad A - - 2007
Our objective was to determine the metabolic availability (MA) of sulfur amino acids in dietary proteins using the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) technique. Five to seven men received graded levels (20, 40, 60, and 70%) of the mean total sulfur amino acid (TSAA) requirement of 13 mg x kg(-1) ...
Parker Nicole R - - 2007
PURPOSE: Human ultraviolet light (UV) filters, such as kynurenine (Kyn), readily deaminate to reactive unsaturated ketones that covalently modify proteins in older human lenses. The aim of this study was to examine in vitro rates of formation and decomposition of the three major Kyn-amino acid adducts and possible consequences for ...
Huang Yu-Ju - - 2007
Escherichia coli O157:H7 has an unusually high resistance to acidic environments. Some research has revealed that acid-adapted cells, by exposure to moderately acidic conditions, are more resistant to a subsequent strong acidic challenge or other stress. This study was conducted to understand the protein expression regulation of acid tolerance response ...
Fonseca Bruno D BD Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, - - 2007
Signaling through the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is positively regulated by amino acids and insulin. PRAS40 associates with mTORC1 (which contains raptor) but not mTORC2. PRAS40 interacts with raptor, and this requires an intact TOR-signaling (TOS) motif in PRAS40. Like TOS motif-containing proteins such as eIF4E-binding protein ...
Esteban Inmaculada - - 2007
Intracellular protein degradation is a regulated process with several proteolytic pathways. Although regulation of macroautophagy has been investigated in some detail in hepatocytes and in few other cells, less is known on this regulation in other cells and proteolytic pathways. We show that in human fibroblasts insulin and amino acids ...
Moreau John W - - 2007
High-spatial-resolution secondary ion microprobe spectrometry, synchrotron radiation-based Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and polyacrylamide gel analysis demonstrated the intimate association of proteins with spheroidal aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals, an example of extracellular biomineralization. Experiments involving synthetic zinc sulfide nanoparticles and representative amino acids indicated a driving role for cysteine in ...
Adeyeye E I - - 2007
The amino acid compositions of Cola acuminata, Garcinia kola and Anacardium occidentale were evaluated by ion-exchange chromatography. Glutamic acid was the most concentrated acid in the samples. In all the amino acids determined, A. occidentale had the most concentrated acid on a pairwise basis. The total amino acids were 356.24 ...
Fu Ya-Min - - 2007
Relative specific amino acid dependency is one of the metabolic abnormalities of melanoma cells and metabolic studies of this dependency are in their infancy. Herein, we review the current studies in this area and present new information that adds to the understanding of how tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe) dependency ...
Gromov Evgeniy V - - 2007
We report on supermolecular ab initio calculations which clarify the role of the local amino acid environment in determining the unique electronic structure properties of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) chromophore. The extensive ab initio calculations, at the level of the CC2 and EOM-CCSD methods, allow us to explicitly address ...
Bujko Jacek - - 2007
A [13CO2] breath test was applied as a non-invasive method to study the catabolism of ingested amino acids shortly after a meal. This test requires the ingestion of a [1-13C]-labelled amino acid and the analysis of expired air for [13C] enrichment and CO2. The recovery of label as [13CO2] reflects ...
Swire Jonathan - - 2007
Most investigations of the forces shaping protein evolution have focused on protein function. However, cells are typically 50%-75% protein by dry weight, with protein expression levels distributed over five orders of magnitude. Cells may, therefore, be under considerable selection pressure to incorporate amino acids that are cheap to synthesize into ...
Roe Mikel R - - 2007
The modification of proteins by the cytotoxic, reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) is known to alter protein function and impair cellular mechanisms. In order to identify susceptible amino acid sites of HNE modification within complex biological mixtures by microcapillary liquid chromatography and linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry, we have developed ...
Saelensminde Gisle - - 2007
We studied the amino acid frequency and substitution patterns between homologues of prokaryotic species adapted to temperatures in the range 0-102 degrees C, and found a significant temperature-dependent difference in frequency for many of the amino acids. This was particularly clear when we analysed the surface and core residues separately. ...
Evans Kate - - 2007
Wasting of lean tissue as a consequence of metabolic acidosis is a serious problem in patients with chronic renal failure. A possible contributor is inhibition by low pH of the System A (SNAT2) transporter, which carries the amino acid L-glutamine (L-Gln) into muscle cells. The aim of this study was ...
Li Peng - - 2007
A deficiency of dietary protein or amino acids has long been known to impair immune function and increase the susceptibility of animals and humans to infectious disease. However, only in the past 15 years have the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms begun to unfold. Protein malnutrition reduces concentrations of most ...
Takeuchi Koh - - 2007
Isotope labeling by residue type (LBRT) has long been an important tool for resonance assignments at the limit where other approaches, such as triple-resonance experiments or NOESY methods do not succeed in yielding complete assignments. While LBRT has become less important for small proteins it can be the method of ...
Morrison Christopher D CD Neurobehavior Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, - - 2007
Metabolic fuels act on hypothalamic neurons to regulate feeding behavior and energy homeostasis, but the signaling mechanisms mediating these effects are not fully clear. Rats placed on a low-protein diet (10% of calories) exhibited increased food intake (P < 0.05) and hypothalamic Agouti-related protein (Agrp) gene expression (P = 0.002). ...
Holm Eggert - - 2007
Autophagic (lysosomal) and proteasomic protein degradation are important regulatory mechanisms in the homeostasis of muscle mass, that may be profoundly disturbed in cancer and other wasting syndromes. Due to the inhibiting effect of amino acids and insulin, net proteolysis is restricted to the fasted state, and in autophagy certain amino ...
Sereewatthanawut Issara - - 2008
This study investigated the production of value-added protein and amino acids from deoiled rice bran by hydrolysis in subcritical water (SW) in the temperature range between 100 and 220 degrees C for 0-30 min. The results suggested that SW could effectively be used to hydrolyze deoiled rice bran to produce ...
Imai Yumi N - - 2007
The nonbonded contacts analysis of 14 polar and aromatic amino acid side chains was carried out for protein-ligand complexes derived from the crystal structures in the Protein Data Bank. Through the exhaustive analysis, several unusual contacts were observed as well as the well-known interactions. CH-S interactions were frequently found in ...
Kurochkina N - - 2007
Amino acids at helix-helix parallel interfaces influence arrangement of helices and interhelical angles. Parallel interfaces in 79 proteins were considered. Location of amino acids at the positions analogous to a and d in GCN4 leucine zipper nomenclature shows that certain combinations of amino acids characteristic for parallel packing occur more ...
Loots D T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previously, we detected 19 'new' amino-acid conjugates in the urine of patients with isovaleric acidemia. There is currently a poor understanding of the relationship between the clinical symptoms and the excreted metabolites occurring in these patients, owing to insufficient metabolite characterization and quantification. Consequently, controversial treatment protocols exist, particularly ...
Ji Hong-Fang - - 2007
Inferring the protein architecture chronology is one of central topics in origin of life study and has been given much attention. Based on an amino acid evolutionary model that late amino acids were bio-synthesized prior to early counterparts, we addressed the issue by examining the structures of amino acid synthases. ...
Raj Dominic S C - - 2007
Intradialytic protein catabolism is attributed to loss of amino acids in the dialysate. We investigated the effect of amino acid infusion during hemodialysis (HD) on muscle protein turnover and amino acid transport kinetics by using stable isotopes of phenylalanine, leucine, and lysine in eight patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ...
Yin Jie - - 2007
Keratins are self-organized proteins that are abundantly available in wool, feather, human hair, etc., making them a potential cheap feedstock for the modification of amino acids. This paper explores the hydrolysis of keratin in water under specific pressure-temperature conditions where the hydrolysis through scission of the protein chain yields oligopeptides. ...
A.E. Hassan
The mature grains of two Egyptian and six imported<I> Triticum </I>species were analyzed for protein patterns, total protein and amino acids content to characterize the variations between them. The data showed twenty two bands of total proteins with an obvious variation in the number and position of bands from one ...
Bacher Jamie M - - 2007
The incorporation of amino acid analogs is becoming increasingly useful. Site-specific incorporation of unnatural amino acids allows the application of chemical biology to protein-specific investigations and applications. However, the global incorporation of unnatural amino acids allows for tests of proteomic and genetic code hypotheses. For example, the adaptation of organisms ...
Nassar Nagib M A - - 2007
Cassava roots have a low-protein content (0.7-2%). Amino acids such as lysine and methionine are also low, and some research reports have indicated the absence of methionine. The amino acid profiles of a common cassava cultivar and an interspecific hybrid, namely ICB 300, were determined using the computerized amino acid ...
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