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Chinta Jugun Prakash - - 2009
A lower rim naphthylidene conjugate of calix[4]arene [L] has been synthesized and characterized, and the structure has been established on the basis of single crystal XRD. The L has been found to be selective toward Zn(2+), which induces appropriate changes in the arms of L so that the N(2)O(2) coordination ...
Farnfield Michelle M - - 2009
Background and objectives The digestion rate of proteins and subsequent absorption of amino acids can independently modulate protein metabolism. The objective of the present study was to examine the blood amino acid response to whey protein isolate (WPI), β-lactoglobulin-enriched WPI, hydrolysed WPI and a flavour-identical control. Methods Eight healthy adults ...
Churchill Cassandra D M - - 2009
The pi-pi stacking (face-to-face) interactions between the five natural DNA or RNA nucleobases and the four aromatic amino acids were compared using three different types of dimers: (1) a truncated nucleoside (nucleobase) stacked with a truncated amino acid; (2) a truncated nucleoside (nucleobase) stacked with an extended amino acid; and ...
Catalfo Alfio - - 2009
The aromatic amino acid tryptophan is the most susceptible protein residue involved in various photosensitized adverse effects. Of these processes, the tryptophan photosensitization induced by methylene blue has been well studied. A predominant type II photosensitizing activity, mediated by singlet oxygen, has been already demonstrated on various models. The purpose ...
Jones David H - - 2010
A large number of amino acids other than the canonical amino acids can now be easily incorporated in vivo into proteins at genetically encoded positions. The technology requires an orthogonal tRNA/aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase pair specific for the unnatural amino acid that is added to the media while a TAG amber or ...
Salwiczek Mario - - 2009
Systematic model investigations of the molecular interactions of fluorinated amino acids within native protein environments substantially improve our understanding of the unique properties of these building blocks. A rationally designed heterodimeric coiled coil peptide (VPE/VPK) and nine variants containing amino acids with variable fluorine content in either position a16 or ...
Panza Víctor - - 2009
Comparative studies on fatty acid and protein composition of the endosperm and embryo of palmito (Euterpe edulis Martius) were conducted using gas-liquid chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. On a dry weight basis, the embryo contained extremely lower amounts of lipids and proteins than did the endosperm, which was ...
Dovidchenko N V - - 2009
We have investigated the possibility to predict protection of amino acid residues from hydrogen-deuterium exchange. A database containing experimental hydrogen-deuterium exchange data for 14 proteins for which these data are known has been compiled. Different structural parameters related to flexibility of amino acid residues and their amide groups have been ...
Tomé Daniel - - 2009
Dietary protein and amino acids, including glutamate, generate signals involved in the control of gastric and intestinal motility, pancreatic secretion, and food intake. They include postprandial meal-induced visceral and metabolic signals and associated nutrients (eg, amino acids and glucose), gut neuropeptides, and hormonal signals. Protein reduces gastric motility and stimulates ...
Shozen Naoki - - 2009
Site-directed incorporation of PEGylated nonnatural amino acids with 4, 8, and 12 repeated ethylene glycol units was examined in a cell-free translation system. PEGylated aminophenylalanine derivatives were successfully incorporated into proteins, whereas PEGylated lysines were not. The incorporation efficiency of the PEGylated amino acids decreased with an increase in PEG ...
Rittler Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is unknown whether recommended rates of amino acid infusion are sufficient to support hepatic or intestinal protein synthesis specifically after operation. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of a standard parenteral amino acid dose on serum albumin and ileum protein synthetic rates in ...
Randi?? M - - 2009
We consider a spectrum-like two-dimensional graphical representation of proteins based on a reduced protein model in which 20 amino acids are grouped into five classes. This particular grouping of amino acids was suggested by Riddle and co-workers in 1997. The graphical representation is based on depicting sequentially the amino acids ...
de Graaf Albert J - - 2009
Over the years, several chemical reactions have been developed that enable the covalent conjugation of synthetic molecules to natural proteins. The resulting bioconjugates have become important tools in the study of natural proteins. Furthermore, they form a new class of protein-based pharmaceuticals and biomaterials. However, classical bioconjugation reactions to natural ...
Das Piyali - - 2009
This study evaluated the extent of oxidative stress by measuring malondialdehyde and ascorbic acid in the seminal plasma of human subjects with different fertility potential. Semen samples from 148 subjects were evaluated (48 normozoospermics, 34 oligoasthenoteratozoospermics, 34 asthenoteratozoospermics and 32 azoospermics). malondialdehyde level was found to be significantly higher in ...
Liu Yangsheng - - 2009
This study developed a novel technology for sewage sludge utilization. The bacteria proteins in the sewage sludge were extracted to produce the amino acid chelated trace elements (AACTE) fertilizer by virtue of several chemical processes. Firstly, the sewage sludge was hydrolyzed under hot hydrochloric acid solution to obtain protein solution. ...
Higgs Paul G - - 2009
Of the 20 amino acids used in proteins, 10 were formed in Miller's atmospheric discharge experiments. The two other major proposed sources of prebiotic amino acid synthesis include formation in hydrothermal vents and delivery to Earth via meteorites. We combine observational and experimental data of amino acid frequencies formed by ...
Georgiev Alexander G - - 2009
Informative numerical representations of amino acid residues are essential for successful in silico modeling or establishing the structure-activity relationships of proteins. A straightforward approach is adopted here for representing more than 500 amino acid indices from the AAindex database by a set of uncorrelated scales, satisfying the varimax criterion. Different ...
Zuo Yong-Chun - - 2010
Due to the complexity of Plasmodium falciparumis genome, predicting secretory proteins of P. falciparum is more difficult than other species. In this study, based on the measure of diversity definition, a new K-nearest neighbor method, K-minimum increment of diversity (K-MID), is introduced to predict secretory proteins. The prediction performance of ...
de Bivort Benjamin L - - 2009
The metabolic cycle of Saccharomyces cerevisiae consists of alternating oxidative (respiration) and reductive (glycolysis) energy-yielding reactions. The intracellular concentrations of amino acid precursors generated by these reactions oscillate accordingly, attaining maximal concentration during the middle of their respective yeast metabolic cycle phases. Typically, the amino acids themselves are most abundant ...
Kim Eunjung - - 2009
Amino acids are key nutrients for protein synthesis and many metabolic processes. There is compelling evidence that amino acids themselves regulate protein synthesis, degradation and cell growth. Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) plays a central role in cellular growth regulation. Amino acids potently activate mTORC1, however, the mechanism ...
Umemoto Hirohito - - 2009
Xylanase J (XynJ) from alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. 41M-1 is an alkaline xylanase. The crystal structure has been solved with XynJ. Improvement of the alkaliphily of XynJ was attempted by amino acid substitutions. Reinforcing the characteristic salt bridge in the catalytic cleft and introducing excess Arg residues on the protein surface ...
Sanders Ann - - 2009
The embryo of Arabidopsis seeds is symplasmically isolated from the surrounding seed coat and endosperm, and uptake of nutrients from the seed apoplast is required for embryo growth and storage reserve accumulation. With the aim of understanding the importance of nitrogen (N) uptake into developing embryos, we analysed two mutants ...
Mansoori B - - 2009
1. A precision feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of tannic acid (TA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the excretion of amino acids, and the apparent and true digestibility of gelatin protein in broilers. 2. In a 3 x 2 x 2 factorial design, ninety-six 7-week-old broiler cockerels ...
Carmo-Silva Ana E - - 2009
Plants produce various compounds in response to water deficit. Here, the presence and identification of a drought-inducible non-protein amino acid in the leaves of two C(4) grasses is first reported. The soluble amino acids extracted from the leaves of three different species were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography of derivatives ...
Sohn Sung-Hwa - - 2009
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a principal site for protein synthesis, protein folding, calcium storage, and calcium signaling. Thapsigargin (TG), an inducer of ER stress, inhibits ER-associated Ca(2+)-ATPase and disrupts Ca(2+) homeostasis. ER stress plays an important pathogenetic role in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Lou Gehrig's disease, and ...
Ajayi O B - - 2009
The seed of Kerstingiella geocarpa was analyzed to determine its proximate and amino acid compositions. The seed was found to be a high source of crude protein (21.3%) and very low in crude fat (1.0%). Arginine, an amino acid for pediatric growth, was the most concentrated amino acid in the ...
Sun Cheng Jun - - 2009
The sandcastle worm Phragmatopoma californica, a marine polychaete, constructs a tube-like shelter by cementing together sand grains using a glue secreted from the building organ in its thorax. The glue is a mixture of post-translationally modified proteins, notably the cement proteins Pc-1 and Pc-2 with the amino acid, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (DOPA). ...
Gao Qing-Bin - - 2009
Nuclear receptors are involved in multiple cellular signaling pathways that affect and regulate processes such as organ development and maintenance, ion transport, homeostasis, and apoptosis. In this article, an optimal pseudo amino acid composition based on physicochemical characters of amino acids is suggested to represent proteins for predicting the subfamilies ...
Poosuwan K - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of protein levels on production performance, immune response, liver triglyceride and plasma amino acids profile of laying hens during 21-48 weeks of age. Two groups of commercial hens (Babcock B-308) were fed with diets with different crude protein levels (14% ...
Ohta Akio - - 2009
The incorporation behaviors of some N-dodecanoyl amino acid-type surfactants into L-alpha-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) vesicles in aqueous solution were investigated. From the leakage measurements of a vesicle-entrapped fluorescence probe, it was found that these surfactants did not affect the DPPC vesicle so much at a very low concentration less than a one-tenth ...
Sau Keya - - 2009
To see the effect of temperature on the codon and amino acid usage in phages, codon and amino acid usage of 13 phages of extremely thermophilic prokaryotes were compared with that of 14 phages of mesophilic prokaryotes. Correspondence analysis on RSCU values of two groups of phage genomes clearly shows ...
Herman Rod A - - 2009
The use of biotechnological techniques to introduce novel proteins into food crops (transgenic or GM crops) has motivated investigation into the properties of proteins that favor their potential to elicit allergic reactions. As part of the allergenicity assessment, bioinformatic approaches are used to compare the amino-acid sequence of candidate proteins ...
Rahman M Azizur - - 2009
Acidic proteins are generally thought to control mineral formation and growth in biocalcification. Analysis of proteinaceous components in the soluble and insoluble matrix fractions of sclerites in Sinularia polydactyla indicates that aspartic acid composes about 60% of the insoluble and 29% of the soluble matrix fractions. We previously analyzed aspartic ...
Nassar Nagib M A - - 2009
More than 800 million people in tropics and sub tropics use cassava as food. However, its roots are poor in protein content (0.7-2%). Amino acids such as lysine and methionine are also low, and some research reports indicate the absence of methionine in cassava edible roots. By inter-specific hybridization it ...
Koeck Thomas - - 2009
Hyperglycemia, a key factor in insulin resistance and diabetic pathology, is associated with cellular oxidative stress that promotes oxidative protein modifications. We report that protein nitration is responsive to changes in glucose concentrations in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Alterations in the extent of tyrosine nitration as well as the cellular nitroproteome profile ...
Mozziconacci Olivier - - 2008
The selective oxidative modification of proteins can have significant consequences for structure and function. Here, we show that protein cysteine thiyl radicals (CysS*) can reversibly abstract hydrogen atoms from the alpha C-H bonds of selected amino acids in a protein (insulin). CysS* were generated photolytically through homolysis of cystine and ...
Allen Doug K - - 2009
Soybean (Glycine max) yields high levels of both protein and oil, making it one of the most versatile and important crops in the world. Light has been implicated in the physiology of developing green seeds including soybeans but its roles are not quantitatively understood. We have determined the light levels ...
Kubik Stefan - - 2009
Nature has devised highly efficient and selective ways of recognizing anionic substrates by using surprisingly few building blocks the most important of which are the amino acids serine, tryptophane, and arginine in addition to NH groups along the protein backbone. Deliberate use of amino acids for the construction of abiotic ...
Raiford Douglas W - - 2008
Prokaryotic organisms preferentially utilize less energetically costly amino acids in highly expressed genes. Studies have shown that the proteome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae also exhibits this behavior, but only in broad terms. This study examines the question of metabolic efficiency as a proteome-shaping force at a finer scale, examining whether trends ...
Biro Jan C - - 2008
The 3x redundancy of the Genetic Code is usually explained as a necessity to increase the mutation-resistance of the genetic information. However recent bioinformatical observations indicate that the redundant Genetic Code contains more biological information than previously known and which is additional to the 64/20 definition of amino acids. It ...
Walden Hannah R HR Liver Research Group, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, - - 2008
Lipoylated enzymes such as the E2 component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2) are targets for autoreactive immune responses in primary biliary cirrhosis, with lipoic acid itself forming a component of the dominant auto-epitopes. A candidate mechanism for the initiation of tolerance breakdown in this disease is immune recognition of neo-antigens ...
Mozziconacci Olivier - - 2008
The selective oxidative modification of proteins can have significant consequences for structure and function. Here, we show that protein cysteine thiyl radicals (CysS(*)) can reversibly abstract hydrogen atoms from the (alpha)C-H bonds of selected amino acids in a protein (insulin). CysS(*) were generated photolytically through homolysis of cystine and through ...
Adeyeye E I - - 2008
The amino acid composition of the whole body (edible parts), flesh and exoskeleton of the female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus africanus was determined on a dry weight basis. The total essential amino acids ranged from 349.8 mg/g to 387.3 mg/g crude protein or from 48.5% to ...
Pencharz Paul B - - 2008
The existing data on the safe upper limits of amino acid intake in humans is essentially observational; how much do individuals ingest and what side effects do they have? There are numerous studies in humans comparing the effects of high doses of amino acids given as protein bound vs. as ...
Fu Ya-Min - - 2008
We previously found that selective restriction of amino acids inhibits invasion of two androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell lines, DU145 and PC3. Here we show that the restriction of tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe), methionine (Met) or glutamine (Gln) modulates the activity of G proteins and affects the balance between ...
Ross-Inta Catherine - - 2008
Mitochondria can synthesize a limited number of proteins encoded by mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) by using their own biosynthetic machinery, whereas most of the proteins in mitochondria are imported from the cytosol. It could be hypothesized that the mitochondrial pool of amino acids follows the frequency of amino acids in mtDNA-encoded ...
Raghavan Anuradha - - 2008
Chemical probes appended with reactive electrophiles afford powerful tools for profiling discrete protein families in living cells. Herein, we have synthesized cell-permeable chemical probes that target fatty acid-associated proteins. These fatty acid-based chemical probes contain acyloxymethylketone or fluorophosphonate functional groups and an alkyne click chemistry tag for visualization of covalently ...
Bolduc Olivier R - - 2008
Monolayers prepared with polar or ionic amino acids with short side chains have a reduced nonspecific adsorption of serum proteins compared to that of hydrophobic amino acids and organic monolayers immobilized on the gold surface of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors. Proteins contained in biological samples adsorb on most surfaces, ...
Misawa Kazuharu - - 2008
Understanding the cause of the changes in the amino acid composition of proteins is essential for understanding the evolution of protein functions. Since the early 1970s, it has been known that the frequency of some amino acids in protein sequences is increasing and that of others is decreasing. Recently, it ...
Pham Trong Khoa - - 2008
Ethanol yield by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in very high glucose (VHG) media with an amino acid supplement was investigated. Amino acid supplementation led to positive cell responses, including reduced lag time and increased cell viability in VHG media. A quantitative shotgun proteomic analysis was used to understand how amino acid supplemented ...
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