Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1678
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Naydenova E - - 2007
Alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine is synthesized and characterized by NMR and FAB spectroscopy. The cytotoxicity, clastogenic and antiproliferative effect of 3-ethyl-2-hydroxyl-2-oxo-1,4,2-oxazaphosphorinane, sodium salt of 3-ethyl-2-hydroxyl-2-oxo-1,4,2-oxazaphosphorinane, alpha-ethyl-alpha-N-(hydroxyethylamino) methylphosphonic acid, alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine isopropylammonium salt, glyphosate isopropylammonium salt are tested.
Malak Muhammad H - - 2006
The title compound, C6H8O3, is the smallest keto acid yet found to aggregate in the solid as acid-to-ketone hydrogen-bonded catemers. Four translational chains pass through the cell in the a direction [O...O = 2.6915 (14) A and O-H...O = 166 degrees]. Two intermolecular C-H...O close contacts exist, involving both carbonyl ...
Khan Abu T - - 2006
Bromodimethylsulfonium bromide has been found to be an effective and regioselective reagent for alpha-monobromination of beta-keto esters and 1,3-diketones. A wide variety of beta-keto esters and 1,3-diketones undergo chemoselective alpha-monobromination with excellent yields at 0-5 degrees C or room temperature. The notable advantages of this protocol are no need of ...
Iida Akira - - 2006
[Structure: see text] A powerful Ti-crossed Claisen condensation between ketene silyl acetals (KSAs) and acid chlorides was successfully performed to give alpha-monoalkylated esters and thermodynamically unfavorable (less accessible) alpha,alpha-dialkylated beta-keto esters in good yield (46 examples; 41-98% yield). A closely related reaction between ketene silyl thioacetals (KSTAs) and acid chlorides ...
Manda K - - 2007
The development of nontoxic but effective radioprotectors is needed because of the increasing risk of human exposure to ionizing radiation. We have reported that alpha-lipoic acid confers considerable radio-protective effect in mouse tissues when given prior to x-irradiation. In the present study, alpha-lipoic acid supplementation prior to x-irradiation with 4 ...
Brown Marishka K - - 2006
Oxidative stress has been associated with both the aging process and the development of age-dependent tissue degenerative pathologies. Beneficial effects of antioxidant therapies to abrogate the deleterious consequences of elevated free radicals are implicated in disease prevention and cost-effective strategy. Previous data have shown protective effects of the polyphenol green ...
Ellis Trevor K - - 2006
A new generation of modular achiral glycine equivalents have been evaluated with respect to their synthetic utility for the production of tailor-made, sterically constrained alpha-amino acids, which proved to be the most efficient approach developed to date for the synthesis of symmetrical alpha,alpha-disubstituted-alpha-amino acids. Among the new series of achiral ...
Huber Claudia - - 2006
To test the theory of a chemoautotrophic origin of life in a volcanic, hydrothermal setting, we explored mechanisms for the buildup of bio-organic compounds by carbon fixation on catalytic transition metal precipitates. We report the carbon monoxide-dependent formation of carbon-fixation products, including an ordered series of alpha-hydroxy and alpha-amino acids ...
Caputo Francesco - - 2006
The synthesis of two new diastereomeric 6-amino-3-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxylic acids exo- and endo-8,9 is reported using exo- and endo-norbornene amino acids as chiral building blocks. This method provides a fast access to optically pure amino acids 8 and 9 which can be considered both alpha,gamma- and alpha,delta-diamino acids containing sterical constraints and ...
Godfrey Jollie D JD - - 2006
Conversion of an alpha,alpha-dichloroester to the corresponding alpha-keto acid was unexpectedly complicated by a novel 1,4-homofragmentation. Investigation of the kinetics of this reaction revealed a mechanism involving an alpha-lactone intermediate, which can lead to both the desired alpha-keto acid and the 1,4-homofragmentation, with the product distribution being dependent upon reaction ...
Kim Taek-Soo - - 2006
We reported efficient enantioselective synthetic methodologies for (R)-alpha-alkylcysteines and (S)-alpha-alkylcysteines. The phase-transfer catalytic alkylation of 2-phenyl-2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and 2-o-biphenyl-2-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester, in the presence of chiral catalysts (1 or 2), gave the corresponding alkylated products, which could be hydrolyzed to provide (R)-alpha-alkylcysteines (67->99% ee) and (S)-alpha-alkylcysteines (66-88% ...
Palacios Francisco - - 2006
An efficient synthesis of 1-azadienes derived from alpha-aminoesters is achieved through an aza-Wittig reaction of phosphazenes with beta,gamma-unsaturated alpha-ketoesters. Regioselective 1,2-reduction of these functionalized 1-azadienes affords vinylglycine derivatives, while conjugative 1,4-reduction gives alpha-dehydroamino acid compounds. Reduction of both the carbon-carbon and the imine-carbon-nitrogen double bonds leads to the formation of ...
Burrell Mm - - 2007
Imaging Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry provides a new and powerful tool to analyse the distribution of metabolites within plant tissues. The two matrices alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (alpha-CHCA) and 9-aminoacridine provide a useful combination that allows the measurement of amino acids, sugars, and phosphorylated metabolites. Results are presented showing ...
Tamamizu-Kato Shiori - - 2006
Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is a 140-residue protein that aggregates in intraneuronal inclusions called Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease (PD). It is composed of an N-terminal domain with a propensity to bind lipids and a C-terminal domain rich in acidic residues (the acidic tail). The objective of this study was to examine ...
Morino Kazuhide - - 2006
A stereoregular poly(phenylacetylene) bearing the aza-18-crown-6 ether pendants (poly-1) was found to form a predominantly one-handed helix upon complexation with optically active C(alpha)-methylated alpha-amino acids and their amide derivatives including typical meteoritic C(alpha)-methylated alpha-amino acids such as C(alpha)-methyl norvaline and C(alpha)-methyl valine. The complexes exhibited an induced circular dichroism (ICD) ...
Pengo Paolo - - 2006
Microwave dielectric heating proved to be an efficient method for the one-pot and stepwise syntheses of symmetrical and unsymmetrical naphthalenediimide derivatives of alpha-amino acids. Acid-labile side chain protecting groups are stable under the reaction conditions; protection of the alpha-carboxylic group is not required. The stepwise condensation of different amino acids ...
Wang Su-Jane - - 2007
The antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid has been reported to prevent and reverse age-related impairments in learning and memory. However, it is unclear how alpha-lipoic acid improves cognitive function. In this study, the effect of alpha-lipoic acid on the release of endogenous glutamate from rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals (synaptosomes) was examined. We ...
Schobert Rainer - - 2007
Natural products containing tetronic acid or tetramic acid moieties continue to attract the interest of chemists, biologists, and physicians due to their challenging structures and to the wide range of biological activities they display. This review portrays the structural varieties of tetronic and tetramic acids and the spectrum of possible ...
Magarvey Nathan A - - 2006
Several nonribosomal peptide natural products are composites of alpha-hydroxy acid and alpha-amino acid monomers. Cereulide, the emetic toxin from the human pathogen Bacillus cereus, and valinomycin, from Streptomyces spp., are closely related macrocyclic K+ ionophores. The macrocyclic core of each natural product contains alternating peptide (six) and ester (six) bonds, ...
Kaboudin Babak - - 2006
The reaction of aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes with hypophosphorus acid under microwave irradiation was examined. The reaction gave a mixture of a racemic pair of bis(alpha-hydroxyalkyl)phosphinic acids and acetal derivatives from the corresponding bis(alpha-hydroxyalkyl)phosphinic acids of meso-stereochemistry in good yield. The difference in solubility in organic solvents due to polarity ...
Lee K B - - 2006
Alpha-emitting 238Pu and 241Am sources on stainless steel substrates have been prepared using a new electrodeposition method based on an ammonium oxalate-ammonium sulfate electrolyte containing diethyl triamino pentaacetic acid. The deposition yield is determined by measuring the activity of the sources using a high-efficiency 2pi alpha proportional counter and a ...
Houk Ronald J T - - 2006
[reaction: see text] The dependence of acidity on Li+ coordination geometry to alpha-carbon acids is investigated by generating potential energy surfaces of Li+ complexation with acetaldehyde and its respective enolate. The global minimum for the enolate complex shows significant Li+-pi-system coordination to both oxygen and the alpha-carbon. The gas-phase acidity ...
Hargrave Jonathan D - - 2006
The cationic rhodium complex [Rh(cod)2][BF4] effectively catalyses the 1,4-addition of organotrialkoxysilanes to alpha-substituted acrylic esters. The reactions are promoted by heating in an oil-bath or more conveniently in a microwave reactor allowing rapid access to a useful range of functionalised products including 2-alkyl succinates and alpha-amino acid derivatives.
Bou Ricard - - 2006
The effects of dietary alpha-tocopheryl acetate (alpha-TA) doses (75, 150, and 225 mg/kg) and the duration of this supplementation (0, 10, 21, 32, and 43 days prior to slaughter) on fatty acid composition, alpha-tocopherol content, and oxidative status were studied either in raw or in cooked dark chicken meat with ...
Bleiholder Christian - - 2006
The proton affinities (PA) of the 20 naturally occurring alpha-amino acids (AA) have been determined computationally by means of density functional theory (DFT) and high-level G2(MP2) calculations. These theoretical PAs, together with data that have appeared since 1997 in the literature, are used to validate the most reasonable currently available ...
Moulin M - - 2006
Higher plant responses to abiotic stresses are associated with physiological and biochemical changes triggering a number of metabolic adjustments. We focused on L-lysine catabolism, and have previously demonstrated that degradation of this amino acid is osmo-regulated at the level of lysine-ketoglutarate reductase (LKR, EC 1.5.1.8) and saccharopine dehydrogenase (SDH, EC ...
Müller Tina A - - 2006
Alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent (R)-dichlorprop dioxygenase (RdpA) and alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent (S)-dichlorprop dioxygenase (SdpA), which are involved in the degradation of phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides in Sphingomonas herbicidovorans MH, were expressed and purified as His6-tagged fusion proteins from Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)(pLysS). RdpA and SdpA belong to subgroup II of the alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases and share the specific ...
Czerwiñska MaƂgorzata - - 2006
The inversion of the keto-enol stability order of dialuric acid on ionization was calculated and verified experimentally. The radical cations in both forms were characterized. The spectrum of the keto form was observed upon direct ionization of dialuric acid under matrix conditions, whereas the enol form was formed upon a ...
Kumar T Santhosh - - 2006
A convergent route to a new class of locked nucleic acids, i.e., 2'-amino-alpha-L-LNA, has been developed. The optimized synthetic route to the corresponding phosphoramidite building block of thymine proceeds in 4% overall yield over 15 steps from the starting diol. Crucial synthetic steps include (a) introduction of a C2-azido group ...
Burger K - - 2006
5-Benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethyl-1,3-oxazoles, obtained from 5-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyloxazoles and benzyl alcohols, are capable for rearrangements. A 1,3 shift of a benzyl group is the key step of a new general route toward alpha-trifluoromethyl substituted aromatic and heteroaromatic amino acids, demonstrating that 5-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-1,3-oxazole is a synthetic Tfm-Gly equivalent. On reaction with benzpinacol partially fluorinated oxazoles ...
Meyer Udo - - 2006
For the second-generation asymmetric synthesis of the trans-tris(homoglutamic) acids via Strecker reaction of chiral ketimines, the cyanide addition as the key stereodifferentiating step produces mixtures of diastereomeric alpha-amino nitrile esters the composition of which is independent of the reaction temperature and the type of the solvent, respectively. The subsequent hydrolysis ...
Panneerselvam Kavin S - - 2006
This article has been removed consistent with Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. The Publisher apologies for any inconvenience this may cause.
Landwehr Marco M Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 210-41, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125-4100, - - 2006
Here we report that an engineered microbial cytochrome P450 BM-3 (CYP102A subfamily) efficiently catalyzes the alpha-hydroxylation of phenylacetic acid esters. This P450 BM-3 variant also produces the authentic human metabolite of buspirone, R-6-hydroxybuspirone, with 99.5% ee.
Hamberg Mats - - 2006
3-Oxalinolenic acid (3-oxa-9(Z),12(Z),15(Z)-octadecatrienoic acid or (6(Z),9(Z),12(Z)-pentadecatrienyloxy)acetic acid) was synthesized from 5(Z),8(Z),11(Z),14(Z),17(Z)-eicosapentaenoic acid by a sequence involving the C15 aldehyde 3(Z),6(Z),9(Z),12(Z)-pentadecatetraenal as a key intermediate. Conversion of the aldehyde by isomerization and two steps of reduction afforded 6(Z),9(Z),12(Z)-pentadecatrienol, which was coupled to bromoacetate to afford after purification by HPLC >99%-pure 3-oxalinolenic ...
Zhang Haoyue - - 2006
PURPOSE: The study's purpose was to compare acarbose and maltose as inhibitors of maltase-glucoamylase activity for determining acid alpha-glucosidase activity in dried blood spot specimens for early identification of patients with infantile Pompe disease, a severe form of acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency. METHODS: Acid alpha-glucosidase activities in dried blood spot extracts ...
May James M - - 2006
To assess the disulfide reduction capacity of intact cells, EA.hy926 endothelial cells were incubated with alpha-lipoic acid in the presence of 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB). Alpha-lipoic acid was reduced within cells to dihydrolipoic acid, which could be quantified upon efflux from the cells as reduction of DTNB. Uptake of both alpha-lipoic ...
Ali Hasenah - - 2006
Extracts of six selected Malaysian plants with a reputation of usefulness in treating diabetes were examined for alpha-amylase inhibition using an in vitro model. Inhibitory activity studied by two different protocols (with and without pre-incubation) showed that Phyllanthus amarus hexane extract had alpha-amylase inhibitory properties. Hexane and dichloromethane extracts of ...
Ando Hiromune - - 2006
A synthetic study on alpha-(1-->4) and alpha-(1-->8)-fucosylation of sialic acid is reported, with the ultimate aim being the total assembly of the glycan portion of HPG-series gangliosides. In both types of fucosylations, the combination of a phenylthio fucosyl donor and a 1,5-lactamized acceptor provided high-yielding glycosylations to afford alpha-fucosyl-sialic acid ...
Shen Jun - - 2006
Many enzymes catalyze fast exchange between a small pool and a large pool in vivo. For example, aspartate aminotransferase catalyzes fast exchanges between alpha-ketoglutarate and glutamate and between oxaloacetate and aspartate, which can be detected using in vivo(13)C MRS while saturating alpha-carbons of the keto acids. Unlike in the traditional ...
Gatto Gregory J GJ - - 2006
Rapamycin, FK506, and FK520 are immunosuppressant macrolactone natural products comprised of predominantly polyketide-based core structures. A single nonproteinogenic pipecolic acid residue is installed into the scaffold by a nonribosomal peptide synthetase that also performs the subsequent macrocyclization step at the carbonyl group of this amino acid. It has been assumed ...
Christiansen Bolette - - 2006
The goldfish odorant receptor 5.24 is a member of family C of G protein-coupled receptors and is closely related to the human receptor GPRC6A. Receptor 5.24 has previously been shown to have binding affinity for L-alpha-amino acids, especially the basic amino acids arginine and lysine. Here we report the agonist ...
Dickins Rachel S - - 2006
A water-soluble, enantiopure lanthanide complex, SSS-[Ln x L3], has been assessed as an effective chiral derivatizing agent for the determination of the enantiomeric purity of alpha-hydroxy acids in aqueous solution. The complex displays superior chemical shift non-equivalence (DeltaDeltadelta approximately 2-11 ppm) for the diastereomeric resonances of interest compared to lanthanide ...
Maes Veronique - - 2006
Two new 99mTc-labeled neurotensin(8-13) analogues containing the retro-N(alpha)-carboxymethyl-histidine ((N(alpha)His)Ac) chelator were synthesized as potential radiopharmaceuticals for visualization of pancreatic carcinoma. To improve the pharmacokinetic properties, (N(alpha)His)Ac-Arg-NMeArg-Pro-Tyr-Tle-Leu (NT-XII), which is metabolically stabilized at two positions, was further modified. Shikimic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxy-1-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic acid) was introduced to obtain a more hydrophilic peptide (NT-XVIII), ...
Roy St?phanie - - 2006
Stereocontrolled formation of tertiary or quaternary chiral carbons bearing nitrogen was achieved using the [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of cyanate to isocyanate as a key element. A short and highly selective sequence of reactions, starting from p-menthane-3-carboxaldehyde, was developed leading to alpha,alpha-dialkylated alpha-amino acids or N-heterocycles, depending on the method of cleavage ...
Martínez-Cuesta M Carmen - - 2006
Amino acid catabolism is mainly initiated in Lactococcus lactis by a transamination reaction that leads to the formation of alpha-keto acids. In addition, a novel alpha-keto acid decarboxylase enzyme, rare in lactic acid bacteria, responsible for the conversion of alpha-keto acids into aldehydes has been reported in L. lactis IFPL730. ...
Pumera Martin - - 2006
Semi-empirical quantum mechanics calculations using AM1 (Austin Method 1) were carried out for various host-guest combinations of alpha-cyclodextrin and mono-halogen benzoic acids. The energetically favorable inclusion structures were identified. The AM1 results show that alpha-cyclodextrin complexes with mono-halogen benzoic acid acids (where the halogen is chlorine, bromide, iodine) as guest ...
Funchal Cláudia - - 2006
Accumulation of the branched-chain alpha-keto acids (BCKA), alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC), alpha-keto-beta-methylvaleric acid (KMV), and alpha-ketoisovaleric acid (KIV) and their respective branched-chain alpha-amino acids (BCAA) in tissues and biological fluids is the biochemical hallmark of patients affected by the neurometabolic disorder known as maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). Considering that brain ...
Kakkar Rita - - 2006
Pyruvic acid and its isomers, including the enol tautomers and enantiomeric lactone structures, have been investigated at the B3LYP/6-311 + + G(3df,3pd) level, and it is found that a keto form with trans C(methyl)C(keto)C(acid)O(hydroxyl) and cis C(keto)C(acid)OH, and with one methyl hydrogen in a synperiplanar position with respect to the ...
Song Chuanjun - - 2006
[reaction: see text] Reactions between alpha-substituted unsaturated carboxylic acids 20 and N-tosylpyrroles [14, 23] in the presence of trifluoroacetic anhydride result in smooth alpha-acylation of the pyrrole, followed by Nazarov cyclization to give 50-80% yields of cyclopenta[b]pyrroles. The presence of an alpha-substituent in the unsaturated acid appears to be mandatory.
Martinková Miroslava - - 2006
A stereoselective approach has been developed to the new sugar amino acid and potential potent turn mimic 5-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-3-deoxy-1,2-O-isopropylidene-3-methoxycarbonylamino-alpha-D-xylofuranose 3-C-carboxylic acid (12), via the [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of allylic thiocyanates (Z)-6 and (E)-7, prepared from D-xylose. The synthesis of a new dipeptide 13 is also described.
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