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Results 351 - 400 of 1675
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Linares Denis - - 2008
The feasibility of trans-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienoic acid (novalic acid) accumulation using the alpha-pinene degradation pathway of Pseudomonas rhodesiae CIP 107491 was studied. This appeared possible by using concentrated living bacterial cells produced under oxygen limitation with alpha-pinene as sole carbon source. The second step of the process, the bioconversion itself, had to ...
Isobe Kimiyasu - - 2007
An oxidase catalyzing conversion of N(alpha)-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine (N(alpha)-Z-L-lysine) to N(alpha)-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-aminoadipate-delta-semialdehyde (N(alpha)-Z-L-AASA) was purified from Rhodococcus sp. AIU Z-35-1, and its properties were revealed. This enzyme catalyzed an oxidative deamination of the epsilon-amino group of N(alpha)-acyl-L-lysine and the alpha-amino group of N(epsilon)-acyl-L-lysine. The apparent K(m) value for N(alpha)-acetyl-L-lysine was much larger than ...
Xian Mo - - 2007
A new route to alpha-keto acids is described, based on the ozonolysis of enol acetates obtained from alpha-substituted beta-keto esters. Escherichia coli branched chain aminotransferase (BCAT) activity toward a variety of substituted 2-oxoglutaric acids was demonstrated analytically. BCAT was shown to have a broad substrate spectrum, complementary to that of ...
Bew Sean P - - 2007
We report the application of "click" chemistry for the synthesis of hybrid calixarenes appended on the upper rim with carbohydrate and N,C-protected alpha-amino acids. The chemoselective N- or C-deprotection of the alpha-amino acids and their subsequent transformation into dipeptides is described. The first example of a chemo-enzymatic synthesis on upper ...
Durrani Arjumand I - - 2007
Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant used both in the prevention and treatment of various oxidative stress related diseases. It is an important constituent of some dietary supplements and can also be found in plant and animal sources. A rapid method for the determination of alpha-lipoic acid in dietary supplements based ...
Harel Tal - - 2007
Alpha-alkyl amino acids can be efficiently prepared in high yields from the respective amino acids themselves. The key step is the oxidation of the amine function to create the corresponding alpha-nitro acid in a fast and very high yield reaction followed by phase-transfer alkylation and finally reduction to the desired ...
Borissow Charles N - - 2007
The jadomycins are a series of natural products produced by Streptomyces venzuelae ISP5230 in response to ethanol shock. A unique structural feature of these angucyclines is the oxazolone ring, the formation of which is catalyzed by condensation of a biosynthetic aldehyde intermediate and an amino acid. The feeding of enantiomeric ...
May James M JM Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 715 Preston Research Building, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-6303, USA. - - 2007
The reducing capacity of erythrocytes has been used clinically as to estimate resistance to oxidant stress. In this work we targeted the antioxidant capacity of pyridine nucleotide disulfide reductases of these cells by measuring their ability to reduce the disulfide alpha-lipoic acid. Erythrocyte reduction of alpha-lipoic acid and related disulfides ...
Krause Jean-Michel - - 2007
The dynamics of glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit (GPHalpha) maturation and GPHalpha alpha homodimer formation were studied in presence (JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells) and absence (HeLa cells) of hCGbeta. In both cases, the major initially occurring GPHalpha variant in [35S]Met/Cys-labeled cells carried two N-glycans (M(r app) = 22 kDa). Moreover, a mono-N-glycosylated in ...
Chen Yen-Hsu - - 2007
Sepsis causes intrahepatic cholestasis and leads to hepatic failure. However, the pathophysiology of hepatic events is unclear. Expression of rat hepatic bile acid coenzyme A-amino acid N-acyltransferase (rBAT), a major enzyme for the conjugation of bile acids, is significantly decreased during sepsis. rBAT transcriptional regulation is mainly by a heterodimer ...
Carballeira Néstor M NM Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 23346, San Juan 00931-3346, Puerto Rico. - - 2007
4-thiatetradecanoic acid exhibited weak antifungal activities against Candida albicans (ATCC 60193), Cryptococcus neoformans (ATCC 66031), and Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404) (MIC=4.8-12.7 mM). It has been demonstrated that alpha-methoxylation efficiently blocks beta-oxidation and significantly improve the antifungal activities of fatty acids. We examined whether antifungal activity of 4-thiatetradecanoic acid can be ...
da Silva Ferreira António César - - 2007
The aim of this work was the simultaneous determination of both ketoacids and dicarbonyl compounds in wine. To detect ketoacid compounds in wine, a method based on the quinoxaline derivatives by the reaction with diaminobenzene, currently employed to detect alpha-dicarbonyl compounds, was developed. The quinoxaline derivatives were detected by RP-HPLC ...
Posa Mihalj - - 2007
The critical micellar concentration (CMC) values of keto derivatives of cholic acid (3alpha,12alpha-dihydroxy-7-oxo-5beta-cholanoic acid, 3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-12-oxo-5beta-cholanoic acid, 12alpha-hydroxy-3,7-dioxo-5beta-cholanoic acid, 3alpha-hydroxy-7,12-dioxo-5beta-cholanoic acid, 3,7,12-triketo-5beta-cholanoic acid) and cholic acid itself, were determined. Replacement of hydroxyl groups in cholic acid molecule with keto groups yields the derivatives whose CMC values increase with increase in the ...
Funchal Cláudia - - 2007
Accumulation of the branched-chain alpha-keto acids (BCKA), alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC), alpha-keto-beta-methylvaleric acid (KMV) and alpha-ketoisovaleric acid (KIV) and their respective branched-chain alpha-amino acids (BCAA) occurs in tissues and biological fluids of patients affected by the neurometabolic disorder maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). The objective of this study was to verify ...
Okada Yasuyo - - 2007
A unique multibranched cyclomaltooligosaccharide (cyclodextrin, CD) of 6(1),6(3),6(5)-tri-O-alpha-maltosyl-cyclomaltoheptaose [6(1),6(3),6(5)-tri-O-alpha-maltosyl-beta-cyclodextrin, (G(2))(3)-betaCD] was prepared. The physicochemical and biological properties of (G(2))(3)-betaCD were determined together with those of monobranched CDs (6-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-alpha-cyclodextrin (G(1)-alphaCD), 6-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-cyclodextrin (G(1)-betaCD), and 6-O-alpha-maltosyl-beta-cyclodextrin (G(2)-betaCD)). NMR spectra of (G(2))(3)-betaCD were measured using various 2D NMR techniques. The solubility of (G(2))(3)-betaCD in ...
Undheim K - - 2008
The focus has been on the development of methodology for stereoselective preparation of spiroannulated intermediates of the Schöllkopf chiron and further transformations to cyclic alpha-amino acids. The spiroannulations are effected by Ru(II)-catalysed ring-closing metathesis reactions, by Ru(II)- and Pd(0)-catalysed cycloisomerisations, by Rh(II)-carbenoid cyclisation reactions and by intramolecular aldol condensations. Hydrolytic ...
Zhang Li - - 2007
An aerobic bacterium, designated strain E5HC-32(T), was isolated from soil underlying the decaying leaf litter of a slash pine forest located in south east Queensland, Australia. The strictly aerobic, motile rod-shaped cells (0.8-1.6 x 2.6-4.8 microm) produced subterminal spherical spores which distended the cells. Strain E5HC-32(T) grew optimally in 1 ...
Di Gioia Maria Luisa - - 2007
We report here a convenient and simple solid-phase synthesis of N-nosyl-N-methyl-alpha-amino acids and N-Fmoc-N-methyl-alpha-amino acids, important building blocks for the synthesis of conformationally restricted and protease-resistant natural peptides and peptide analogues. The methodology involves the use of 2-chlorotrityl chloride resin to temporarily protect the carboxylic group of alpha-amino acids and ...
Iida Akira - - 2007
A pentafluorophenylammonium triflate (PFPAT) catalyst (5 mol %) successfully promoted C-acylation of enol silyl ethers with acid chloride to produce various beta-diketones (12 examples; 62-92% yield). Similarly, C-acylation of ketene silyl acetals or ketene silyl thioacetals (i.e., crossed Claisen condensation) proceeded smoothly to provide not only alpha-monoalkylated beta-keto (thio)esters but ...
Pazos Manuel - - 2007
Benzoic acid-derived phenolics (p-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, and gallic acid) and the polyphenols epicatechin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) were evaluated for their efficiency in regenerating alpha-tocopherol from alpha-tocopheroxyl radical in comparison with ascorbyl palmitate, which is known to regenerate alpha-tocopherol. Ethanolic solutions of phenolic compounds were ...
Sleebs Brad E - - 2007
1,3-oxazinan-6-ones have been utilized in a series of enolate reactions to produce 5-hydroxy and 5-alkyl-4-substituted-1,3-oxazinan-6-ones with excellent trans diastereoselectivity. Highlighting the versatility of the oxazinanone, a number of transformations were performed to produce a variety of protected N-H and N-methyl alpha-hydroxy- and alpha-methyl-beta-amino acids.
Preobrazhenskaya Maria N - - 2007
The acylation of unprotected vancomycin or eremomycin with activated esters of N(alpha)-protected amino acids or N(alpha)-alkyl-N(alpha)-Fmoc-amino acids is directed selectively to the amino group of the disaccharide branch (N') and after Fmoc-group removal leads to the corresponding N'-alpha-aminoacyl derivatives. A series of N'-alpha-aminoacyl and N'-alpha-(N(alpha)-alkylamino)acyl derivatives of eremomycin and vancomycin ...
Banilas Georgios - - 2007
The relative abundance of alpha-linolenic (alpha-LeA) compared with linoleic acid is associated with the developmental stage and the plant species and is proposed to have important physiological effects on both vegetative and reproductive plant development. The enzymes responsible for catalyzing the conversion of linoleic acid to alpha-LeA, the omega-3 fatty ...
Ishikawa Akiko - - 2007
Nerium indicum is an India-Pakistan-originated shrub belonging to the oleander family. The ingestion of leaves of N. indicum before a meal is known to effect the lowering of postprandial glucose levels in Type II diabetic patients and this plant is now used as a folk remedy for Type II diabetes ...
Jaleel Cheruth Abdul - - 2007
The ability of triadimefon (TDM), a triazolic fungicide, to alter the biochemical constituents and thereby minimizing the days required for sprouting in white yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) tubers during storage under (30+/-2) degrees C in the dark, was studied. TDM at 20 mg/L was given to tubers by dipping the ...
Traber Maret G MG Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-6512, USA. - - 2007
All of the naturally occurring vitamin E forms, as well as those of synthetic all-rac-alpha-tocopherol, have relatively similar antioxidant properties, so why does the body prefer alpha-tocopherol as its unique form of vitamin E? We propose the hypothesis that all of the observations concerning the in vivo mechanism of action ...
Mühling J - - 2008
We examined the effects of beta-alanine (taurine analogue and taurine transport antagonist), taurine (regarding its role in neutrophil (PMN) immunonutrition) and taurine combined either with L-NAME (inhibitor of *NO-synthase), SNAP (*NO donor), DON (glutamine-analogue and inhibitor of glutamine-requiring enzymes), DFMO (inhibitor of ornithine-decarboxylase) and beta-alanine on neutrophil amino- and alpha-keto ...
Tanaka Masakazu - - 2007
alpha,alpha-Disubstituted amino acids are alpha-amino acids in which the hydrogen atom at the alpha-position of the L-alpha-amino acid is replaced with an alkyl substituent. The introduction of an alpha-alkyl substituent changes the properties of amino acids, with the conformational freedom of the side chain in the amino acids and the ...
Wajner André - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of the branched-chain alpha-keto acids accumulating in maple syrup urine disease, namely L-2-ketoisocaproic acid, L-2-keto-3-methylvaleric acid and L-2-ketoisovaleric acid on Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity in synaptic plasma membranes from cerebral cortex of 35-day-old rats. All keto acids significantly ...
Pershadsingh Harrihar A - - 2007
In animal experiments, the potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger alpha-lipoic acid has been shown to cause weight loss, ameliorate insulin resistance and atherogenic dyslipidemia, as well as to lower blood pressure, all of these being components of the metabolic syndrome. Recent investigations on its mechanisms of action indicate that ...
Herrera Antonio J - - 2007
The synthesis of a bicyclic analogue of the naturally occurring alpha-L-iduronic acid locked in a biologically active (2)S0 skewboat conformation is disclosed. The desired (2)S0 conformation has been obtained by tethering the C-2 and C-5 carbon atoms of the sugar ring with a dimethyloxy bridge and confirmed by NMR and ...
Bandyopadhyay Subhajit - - 2007
Isotactic polyethylenimines with (S)-benzyl side chains were synthesized from 4-(S)-4-benzyl-2-oxazolines. When alpha-keto acids were subjected to transamination in the presence of this polymer, and a pyridoxamine coenzyme modified with hydrophobic chains, enantioselectivity toward the natural isomer (l > d) was observed, followed by racemization of the amino acid products. However, ...
Hess Mark - - 2007
Indole-5-carboxylic acids and -carboxamides with 3-aryloxy-2-oxopropyl residues in position 1 were previously reported to be potent inhibitors of cytosolic phospholipase A(2)alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) isolated from human platelets. In continuation of our attempts to develop novel cPLA(2)alpha inhibitors, a number of derivatives of these substances characterized by bioisosteric replacement of the carboxylic ...
Penndorf Ilka - - 2007
To obtain information about the extent of the early Maillard reaction between the N-termini of peptides and lactose, alpha-N-(2-furoylmethyl) amino acids (FMAAs) were quantified together with epsilon-N-(2-furoylmethyl)lysine (furosine) in acid hydrolyzates of hypoallergenic infant formulas, conventional infant formulas, and human milk samples using RP-HPLC with UV-detection. FMAAs are formed during ...
Reboul E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: (R,R,R)-alpha-tocopherol is a fat-soluble antioxidant vitamin generally ingested with other dietary antioxidants. The objective of this study was to assess whether the main dietary antioxidant classes, that is carotenoids, polyphenols, vitamin C and gamma-tocopherol, affect the intestinal absorption of alpha-tocopherol. METHODS, DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We evaluated first the effect ...
Schmidt Jürgen M - - 2007
A model is proposed for collating fundamental and incremental component couplings to account for substituent effects on (3)J arising from, for example, amino-acid type variation. The unique topology patterns encountered in each of the common amino acids were modeled by assigning substituents on a (3)J coupling path to four simple ...
Massicot Fabien - - 2007
A highly diastereoselective nucleophilic mono(trifluoromethylation) of a tartaric acid-based diketone, using trifluoromethyl(trimethyl)silane, afforded the corresponding gamma-keto trifluoromethylcarbinol. The scope and limitation of this reaction was studied. The acidic removal of the acetonide moiety protecting the two hydroxyl groups of the adducts was unsuccessful. Bis(O-methylation) of the aromatic derivatives under basic ...
Derbel Najoua - - 2007
Raman scattering and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) attenuated transmission reflectance (ATR) spectra of two alpha-amino acids (alpha-AAs), i.e., glycine and leucine, were measured in H2O and D2O (at neutral pH and pD). This series of observed vibrational data gave us the opportunity to analyze vibrational features of both AAs in hydrated ...
Al-Huniti Mohammed H - - 2007
Model tetrahydropyrido[3',2':4,5]thieno[2,3-b][1,4]thiazines 9a-c were synthesized via reductive lactamization, using sodium dithionite, of the respective 2-[(carboxyalkyl)thio]-3-nitro-4,7-dihydrothieno[2,3-b]pyridine-5-carboxylic acids 7a-c. The latter derivatives were made via interaction of 2-chloro-7-cyclopropyl-3-nitro-4,7-dihydrothieno[2,3-b]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid (6) with each of alpha-mercaptoacetic, alpha-mercaptopropionic, and alpha-mercaptosuccinic acids and triethylamine in aqueous acetone at room temperature. The structures of 7a-7c and 9a-9c ...
Kumar T Santhosh - - 2007
A synthetic route towards a selected set of N-acylated and N-alkylated derivatives of 2'-amino-alpha-L-LNA phosphoramidite building blocks has been developed. Biophysical studies suggest that the 2-oxo-5-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane skeleton of 2'-amino-alpha-L-LNA allows precise positioning of intercalators in the core of nucleic acid duplexes.
Choi Taeyoung - - 2007
Bromination of 5,6-dimethoxyindan-1-one with Br(2) in acetic acid at room temperature produced exclusively the corresponding 2,4-dibromo compound in 95% yield. Reaction of 5,6-dimethoxyindan-1-one with Br(2) in the presence of KOH, K(2)CO(3) or Cs(2)CO(3 )at ~0 degrees C( )gave the monobrominated product 4-bromo-5,6-dimethoxyindan-3-one in 79%, 81% and 67% yield, respectively. 5,6-Dihydroxyindan-1-one ...
Dulundu Ender - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To evaluate the protective effect of alpha-lipoic acid in reducing oxidative damage after severe hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. METHODS: Wistar albino rats were subjected to 45 min of hepatic ischemia, followed by 60 min reperfusion period. Lipoic acid (100 mg/kg i.p.) was administered 15 min prior to ...
Scheler Marina - - 2007
Lichen nitidus is an uncommon dermatosis of unknown etiology. Here we present the case of a generalized lichen nitidus with involvement of the palms in a patient with hepatitis C after systemic treatment with interferon alpha and ribavirin. Furthermore in our patient we could show a strong lesional expression of ...
Chandra Tilak - - 2007
A series of 2 ',3 '-isopropylidene and 5 '-trityl-protected alpha-indole and alpha/beta-benzimidazole and imidazole ribonucleosides were deprotected with different acids. Selectivity was achieved for 5 '-versus 2 ',3 '- deprotection by using formic acid in the alpha-indole ribonucleoside series. Treatment of alpha-indole ribonucleosides with a mixture of formic acid and ...
Strachan Jon-Paul - - 2006
Novel bicyclic alpha-amino acids, exo and endo-1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-7-carboxylic acid, and 1-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-2-carboxylic acid have been readily synthesized for the generation of neuronal nicotinic receptor ligands. Alkylation of glycine-derived Schiff bases or nitroacetates with cyclic ether electrophiles, followed by acid-induced ring opening and cyclization in NH4OH, allowed for the preparation of ...
Wolfert Margreet A - - 2007
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) protein 1 (NOD1) and NOD2 are pathogen recognition receptors that sense breakdown products of peptidoglycan (PGN) (muropeptides). It is shown that a number of these muropeptides can induce tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression without significant TNF-alpha translation. This translation block is lifted when the ...
Vogt Henning - - 2007
The class of alpha,alpha-disubstituted alpha-amino acids has gained considerable attention in the past decades and continues doing so. The ongoing interest in biological and chemical properties of the substance class has inspired the development of many new methodologies for their asymmetric construction, which have not found their way into the ...
Naydenova E - - 2007
Alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine is synthesized and characterized by NMR and FAB spectroscopy. The cytotoxicity, clastogenic and antiproliferative effect of 3-ethyl-2-hydroxyl-2-oxo-1,4,2-oxazaphosphorinane, sodium salt of 3-ethyl-2-hydroxyl-2-oxo-1,4,2-oxazaphosphorinane, alpha-ethyl-alpha-N-(hydroxyethylamino) methylphosphonic acid, alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, alpha-ethyl-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine isopropylammonium salt, glyphosate isopropylammonium salt are tested.
Malak Muhammad H - - 2006
The title compound, C6H8O3, is the smallest keto acid yet found to aggregate in the solid as acid-to-ketone hydrogen-bonded catemers. Four translational chains pass through the cell in the a direction [O...O = 2.6915 (14) A and O-H...O = 166 degrees]. Two intermolecular C-H...O close contacts exist, involving both carbonyl ...
Khan Abu T - - 2006
Bromodimethylsulfonium bromide has been found to be an effective and regioselective reagent for alpha-monobromination of beta-keto esters and 1,3-diketones. A wide variety of beta-keto esters and 1,3-diketones undergo chemoselective alpha-monobromination with excellent yields at 0-5 degrees C or room temperature. The notable advantages of this protocol are no need of ...
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