Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1678
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Brown Zachary Z - - 2008
The creation of highly hindered peptides that contain combinations of non-natural N-alkyl amino acids and N-alkyl-alpha,alpha-disubstituted amino acids presents a formidable challenge. Hindered, non-natural amino acids are of interest because they import resistance to proteolysis and unusual conformational properties to peptides that contain them. Toward a solution to this problem, ...
Mukherjee Debaraj D Bio-organic Chemistry Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR), Canal Road, Jammu, - - 2008
Lewis acid mediated one-pot transformation of D-glucal in the presence of nucleophiles leads to the formation of racemic alpha-substituted alpha-hydroxymethyl furfuryl derivatives, versatile synthons for biologically active molecules. Transformations using O-, S-, C-, and N-nucleophiles could be achieved readily under mild and scalable conditions. Indium triflate proved to be the ...
Wang Lei - - 2008
Hypertriglyceridemia and associated high circulating free fatty acids are important risk factors for atherosclerosis. In contrast to omega-3 fatty acids, linoleic acid, the major omega-6 unsaturated fatty acid in the American diet, may be atherogenic by amplifying an endothelial inflammatory response. We hypothesize that omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids can ...
Nieuwendaal Ryan C - - 2008
We have detected a phase transition during the progress of the solid-state [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction of alpha-trans-cinnamic acid. The reaction was monitored using (13)C CPMAS experiments as a function of irradiation time of the parent alpha-trans-cinnamic acid, which forms the product dimer, alpha-truxillic acid. UV light centered at ...
Juan Yung-Shun - - 2008
PURPOSE: Recent evidence indicates that ischemia and reperfusion are major etiological factors in the bladder dysfunction that occurs after partial bladder outlet obstruction. Coenzyme Q10 and alpha-lipoic acid are found naturally in mitochondria and act as potent antioxidants. We investigated the beneficial effects of coenzyme Q10 plus alpha-lipoic acid in ...
Omata Kenji - - 2008
(1)H NMR analyses of individual alpha-amino acids in their mixture were simultaneously conducted in the presence of Sm-(pdta-d(8)) in water: high regularity, promising for direct simultaneous determination of absolute configurations of each alpha-amino acids in peptide hydrolysate mixtures, was observed between absolute configuration and the induced shifts.
Li Xiang - - 2008
Naturally occurring peptides serve important functions as enzyme inhibitors, hormones, neurotransmitters, and immunomodulators in many physiological processes including metabolism, digestion, pain sensitivity, and the immune response. However, due to their conformational flexibility and poor bioavailability, such peptides are not generally viewed as useful therapeutic agents in clinical applications. In an ...
Ma Chao-Mei - - 2008
Alpha-glucosidases play important roles in the digestion of carbohydrates and biosynthesis of viral envelope glycoproteins. Inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase are promising candidates for the development of antitype II diabetics and anti-AIDS drugs. Here, we report the synthesis and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of mono- and diketal/acetal derivatives of chlorogenic acid. The diketal ...
Melli Giorgia - - 2008
The study investigates if alpha-lipoic acid is neuroprotective against chemotherapy induced neurotoxicity, if mitochondrial damage plays a critical role in toxic neurodegenerative cascade, and if neuroprotective effects of alpha-lipoic acid depend on mitochondria protection. We used an in vitro model of chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy that closely mimic the in ...
Tayama Eiji - - 2008
The Stevens rearrangement of N-allylic alpha-aryl amino acid-derived ammonium salts and the Sommelet-Hauser rearrangement of N-benzylic alpha-alkyl amino acid-derived ammonium salts are shown to proceed with remarkably high levels of diastereoselectivity. The methods presented in this work provide new routes to optically active alpha-quaternary alpha-aryl amino acid derivatives.
Kunimune Takeshi - - 2008
Foam-stabilizing properties and cling formation patterns of iso-alpha-acids and reduced iso-alpha-acids were investigated using an unhopped lager beer. Unhopped beer was dosed with iso-alpha-acid (Iso), rho-iso-alpha-acid (Rho), tetrahydro-iso-alpha-acid (Tetra), and hexahydro-iso-alpha-acid (Hexa), separately, over a range of concentrations from 2 to 10 ppm. A uniform foam was created by Inpack ...
Bahde Robert J RJ Department of Chemistry, 1102 Natural Sciences II, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025, - - 2008
We report a new route to tertiary alpha-amino stereocenters by sequential alkylation of alpha-amino nitriles followed by reductive lithiation of the nitrile and cyclization onto an alkene. Reductive lithiation of alpha-amino nitriles using lithium 4,4'-di-tert-butylbiphenylide (LiDBB) and subsequent intramolecular carbolithiation proceeded with modest to high diastereoselectivity to deliver cyclic or ...
Moriyama Katsuhiko - - 2008
The intramolecular alpha-alkylation of beta-alkoxy-alpha-amino esters derived from L-serine proceeded predominantly over beta-elimination. When beta-alkoxy-alpha-amino esters were treated with powdered CsOH in DMSO at 20 degrees C, alpha-alkoxymethyl cyclic amino esters were obtained in up to 94% ee. Optically active THF amino acids were synthesized for the first time by ...
Sasaki Tsukasa - - 2008
We developed a novel derivatization reagent, (2R)-2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)chroman-2-carboxylate (NPCA), for electrochemical (EC) detection in HPLC. NPCA was synthesized from (R)-(+)-6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid (alpha-CA), which exhibits intense EC response. NPCA successfully yielded alpha-CA derivatives of primary amines by a two-step derivatization procedure. Following pre-column derivatization with NPCA, a simultaneous determination of alpha-CA derivatives ...
Ibrahim Siti Fatimah - - 2008
Assisted reproductive techniques are useful in helping infertile couples achieve successful conception. Initial studies have shown that sperm cryopreservation, one step in assisted reproduction, causes a dramatic reduction in sperm quality. This has been attributed to, among other things, free radical activities. The aim of the present study was to ...
Benbrahim Nasséra - - 2008
alpha-Aminophosphonic acids are analogues of natural alpha-aminoacids and very promising agents for use in various pharmaceutical applications. However, in contrast to the numerous theoretical investigations on the structure of natural alpha-aminoacids, only very few studies on alpha-aminophosphonic acids have been performed. In the present work, we report a detailed investigation ...
Arora Jasbir Singh - - 2008
A new amide-forming reaction with N-benzoyloxyamines and alpha-ketophosphonic acids was investigated. A mixed solvent of t-BuOH/water (1:1) at 40 degrees C provided the desired amide in high yield (71-96%). Both phosphonic acids ( 9, 12, or 13) and their disodium salts (e.g., 10) were shown to react with the respective ...
Ingratta Mark - - 2008
Two series of pyrene-labeled poly(glutamic acid) (Py-PGA) were synthesized utilizing two different linkers for pyrene attachment, namely 1-pyrenemethylamine (PMA) and 1-pyrenebutylamine (PBA). Several Py-PGAs were synthesized for each series with pyrene contents ranging from 4 to 15 mol %. Py-PGA forms a rigid alpha-helix in DMF that effectively locks the ...
Jaskula Barbara - - 2008
In this article, a detailed study on hop alpha-acid isomerization kinetics is presented. Because of the complex wort matrix and interfering interactions occurring during real wort boiling (i.e., trub formation and alpha-acids/iso-alpha-acids complexation), this investigation on alpha-acid isomerization kinetics was performed in aqueous buffer solution as a function of time ...
Cavelier Florine - - 2008
New alpha,alpha'-disubstituted amino acids with silylated side chains have been synthesized in racemic form. Starting from a Schiff base of glycine tert-butyl ester, a large variety of alpha,alpha'-dialkylated amino acids has been obtained, depending on the alkylating reagents. The application of a hydrosilylation methodology enabled the synthesis of the same ...
Smits René - - 2008
The combination of the unique physical and chemical properties of fluorine with proteinogenic amino acids represents a new approach to the design of biologically active compounds including peptides with improved pharmacological parameters. Therefore, the development of routine synthetic methods which enable the effective and selective introduction of fluorine into the ...
An S M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent study has demonstrated that Sasa quelpaertensis (Korean name, Jeju-Joritdae) extracts inhibit cellular melanogenesis implicating potential use in the control of skin pigmentation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the active constituents of this plant inhibiting melanogenesis and the associated mechanism. METHODS: The effect of ...
Barbana C - - 2008
The interaction of holo- and apo-forms of human alpha-lactalbumin with fatty acids was studied by a partition equilibrium method. Apo-alpha-lactalbumin, obtained by treatment with EDTA, displays one binding site for fatty acids, the association constants for oleic and palmitic acids being 1.9.10(6) and 4.2.10(5) M(-1), respectively. However, holo-alpha-lactalbumin was unable ...
Soczynska Joanna K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders are associated with decrements in cognitive function, which are insufficiently treated with contemporary pharmacotherapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the putative neurotherapeutic effects of the mitochondrial cofactors, L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and alpha-lipoic acid; and to provide a rationale for investigating their efficacy in the treatment of neurocognitive deficits associated with ...
Wu Guanghua - - 2008
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects aged people. Although a number of genes have been linked to familial PD, the genetic causes of sporadic PD that accounts for 90% of all PD cases remain unclear. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that alpha-synuclein aggregation is essential to the ...
Hybelbauerová Simona - - 2008
Metabolites of the wood-rotting fungus Stereum subtomentosum Pouzar (Basidiomycetes, order Russulales, family Stereaceae) occurring on birch (Betula pendula Roth) trees were phytochemically investigated for the first time. Three main metabolite chemotypes present in MeOH extracts of the fruit bodies, viz. steroids, fatty acids, and water-soluble sugars, were fractionated, isolated, and ...
Maina Ndegwa Henry - - 2008
Dextrans are the main exopolysaccharides produced by Leuconostoc species. Other dextran-producing lactic acid bacteria include Streptococci, Lactobacilli, and Weissella species. Commercial production and structural analysis has focused mainly on dextrans from Leuconostoc species, particularly on Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains. In this study, we used NMR spectroscopy techniques to analyze the structures ...
Dickstein Joshua S - - 2008
Alpha-iminoesters are useful precursors to substituted alpha-amino acid derivatives and are utilized in a number of organic transformations. As a consequence of the adjacent ester functionality, these imines are more reactive relative to other types of imines. While a significant body of work has focused on nucleophilic additions to the ...
Borah Jayanta M - - 2008
Adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms and surface complexation of trimesic acid onto alpha-alumina surfaces were investigated. Adsorption kinetics of trimesic acid with an initial concentration of 0.5 mM onto alpha-alumina surfaces were carried out in batch method in presence of 0.05 mM NaCl (aq) at pH 6 and 298.15, 303.15 and ...
Huguenot Florent - - 2008
Difluoroenol silyl ethers, produced in situ from acylsilanes and CF3TMS, react as electrophiles with amines to give difluoroimines, via the corresponding hemiaminal adduct, as evidenced by 19F NMR spectroscopy. Reaction with (R)-phenylglycinol led to 2-difluoromethyloxazolidines. After separation of the diastereomers, reduction with LAH and Strecker-type synthesis gave enantiopure alpha-difluoromethylamines and ...
Matteson Donald S - - 2008
This review includes a personal account of the history of the development of the alpha-amido boronic acid synthesis and related chemistry in the author's laboratory, as well as a review of some of the more significant developments that have occurred elsewhere more recently. The simple initial target, suggested by biochemist ...
Ahmed Safwat A - - 2008
Eleven new cannabinoid esters, together with three known cannabinoid acids and Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol ( Delta9-THC ), were isolated from a high-potency variety of Cannabis sativa. The structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses to be beta-fenchyl Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinolate ( 1), epi-bornyl Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinolate ( 2), alpha-terpenyl Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinolate ( 3), 4-terpenyl Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinolate ( ...
Joseph A - - 2008
Clinical investigations of recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase for the treatment of Pompe disease often reveal the appearance of therapy-specific antibodies. These antibodies could potentially interfere with recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase efficacy and induce immunological consequences. Several immunosuppressive agents, including methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporin A with azathioprine, were evaluated for ...
Weerakody Rangika - - 2008
Encapsulation of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) was carried out using chitosan as an encapsulant matrix. Placebo and LA-loaded chitosan microspheres were prepared by a spray-drying process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies confirmed the spherical particle geometry and the smooth surface morphology of LA-loaded particles. The particle size distribution (PSD) analysis of ...
Lin Wei-Yu - - 2008
To determine the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA), either alone or in combination, to protect the contractile responses of the rabbit urinary bladder from damage caused by repetitive stimulation in the presence or absence of in vitro ischemia. Four groups of New Zealand white rabbits (4 ...
Fuchs M - - 2009
Procedures for the analysis of free alpha-keto acids in human fluids (i.e. plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, etc.) as well as for studying the dynamic free alpha-keto acid pools in differentiated tissues and organ cells have been the subject of growing clinical interest in the study of metabolic regulatory and pathophysiological ...
Gao Hong - - 2008
Chebulagic acid, isolated form Terminalia chebula Retz, proved to be a reversible and non-competitive inhibitor of maltase with a K(i) value of 6.6 muM. The inhibitory influence of chebulagic acid on the maltase-glucoamylase complex was more potent than on the sucrase-isomaltase complex. The magnitude of alpha-glucosidase inhibition by chebulagic acid ...
Maity Prantik - - 2008
C(alpha)-tetrasubstituted alpha-amino acids are widely used to design and prepare peptides and peptide mimics with constrained conformations. Subcategories of these compounds are cyclic C(alpha)-tetrasubstituted alpha-amino acids, in which both alpha-substituents are covalently connected. This survey presents recent advances in the synthesis and application of cyclic C(alpha)-tetrasubstituted alpha-amino acids in a ...
Makeeva A V - - 2008
The effects of lipoic acid on intensity of free radical reactions, citrate content, and aconitate hydratase during myocardial ischemia have been investigated. Treatment with lipoic acid normalized biochemiluminescence parameters and citrate level, which were increased in the myocardial pathology. Treatment with lipoic acid also increased specific activity of aconitate hydratase, ...
Alemán José - - 2008
An easy and simple synthetic approach to optically active alpha,alpha-quaternary alpha-amino acids using asymmetric organocatalysis is presented. The addition of oxazolones to nitroalkenes catalyzed by thiourea cinchona derivatives provides the corresponding alpha,alpha-quaternary alpha-amino acid derivatives with good yields, excellent diastereoselectivities (up to 98 % dr), and from moderate to good ...
Wada Naoki - - 2008
alpha-Lipoic acid (LA) and its reduced form dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) are well known as strong antioxidants. LA has the characteristic distorted five membered 1,2-dithiolane ring, which is quite vulnerable to UV irradiation. The UV induced decomposition of LA and the effect of the following addition of biothiols to the photoirradiated ...
Dolashka-Angelova Pavlina - - 2008
A new hemocyanin was isolated from the hemolymph of garden snails Helix vulgaris, composed of two isoforms, HvH1 and HvH2 separated on an ion exchange column DEAE-Sepharose 6CL. Structural and immunological properties of Helix vulgaris hemocyanin were studied in comparison with molluscan Hcs Rapana venosa and Megathura crenulata. The possibility ...
Soto-Cairoli Buddy - - 2008
The disilylation of alpha-amino acids 1 to provide 2 (72-87%) was achieved without racemization. An unprecedented borane-mediated semi-reduction strategy was devised to convert 2 to stable, isolable oxazaborolidines 3 (100%) which were hydrolyzed to provide 5 (49-60%) as pure, stable compounds. Analysis of the Mosher amides (8) of the gamma-amino ...
Werther Tobias - - 2008
The gene rv0853c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv codes for a thiamine diphosphate-dependent alpha-keto acid decarboxylase (MtKDC), an enzyme involved in the amino acid degradation via the Ehrlich pathway. Steady state kinetic experiments were performed to determine the substrate specificity of MtKDC. The mycobacterial enzyme was found to convert a ...
Norén Katarina - - 2008
The adsorption of amino acids onto mineral surfaces plays an important role in a wide range of areas, e.g., low-temperature aqueous geochemistry, bone formation and protein-bone interactions. In this work, the adsorption of three alpha aminoacids (sarcosine, MIDA and EDDA) onto goethite (alpha-FeOOH) was studied as a function of pH ...
Jung Young Chun - - 2007
Reported herein is a novel approach to the total syntheses of (-)-alpha-kainic acid and (+)-alpha-allokainic acid, where the stereochemistries on C(2), C(3), and C(4) of the pyrrolidine core were introduced efficiently and selectively. A regio- and stereoselective C-H insertion reaction was utilized to prepare the gamma-lactam as an intermediate. A ...
Millefiori Salvatore - - 2008
The geometries, relative energies, gas-phase static and dynamic dipole polarizabilities of the two most stable neutral forms and of the zwitterionic form of the twenty naturally occurring amino acids have been obtained by Density Functional and conventional ab initio Hatree-Fock theories using correlation consistent basis sets. Mean electronic polarizabilities (<alpha(e)>s) ...
Young Aidan G - - 2007
The adsorption of the ligands alpha-lipoic acid, dihydrolipoic acid, and dithiothreitol to films of deposited CdS nanoparticles was studied in situ by ATR-IR spectroscopy. For alpha-lipoic acid and dihydrolipoic acid, the spectra of the adsorbed species closely resemble those of the respective solution species. However, for dithiothreitol, the spectrum of ...
Kawamoto Haruo - - 2008
Boric acid inhibited the acid-catalyzed depolymerization of cellulose in sulfolane, a non-aqueous medium, at high temperature. Formation of the dehydration products such as levoglucosenone, furfural, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural were also effectively inhibited. Similar inhibition was observed for cellooligosaccharides and starch, although the glucosidic bonds in methyl glucopyranosides and methyl cellobioside ...
Bertelsen Kresten - - 2007
We present the use of 2H magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR on methyl-deuterated alpha-amino isobutyric acid (Aib) as a new method to obtain fast and accurate structural constraints on peptaibols in membrane-bound environments. Using nonoriented vesicle-reconstituted samples we avoid the delicate preparation of oriented samples, and the use of MAS ensures ...
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