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Ren Cheng-Gang - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Jasmonic acid (JA) is a well-characterized signaling molecule in plant defense responses.However, its relationships with other signal molecules in secondary metabolite productioninduced by endophytic fungus are largely unknown. Atractylodes lancea (Asteraceae) is atraditional Chinese medicinal plant that produces antimicrobial volatiles oils. We incubatedplantlets of A. lancea with the ...
Jin T - - 2012
This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of antimicrobial coatings for inactivation of Salmonella on the surface of tomato stem scars. Scars were inoculated with a four-strain cocktail of Salmonella (serovars Montevideo, Newport, Saintpaul, and Typhimurium) and coated with acid-chitosan solutions. The chitosan coating with three acids (3A plus ...
Sundaram Hema - - 2012
In the years since the U.S. FDA approval in 2003 of the first hyaluronic acid (HA) filler, a number of other HA products have become available for use in the U.S., in addition to products composed of calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA), poly-L lactic acid (PLLA) and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). This roundtable ...
Licona-Cassani Cuauhtemoc - - 2012
Genome-scale metabolic reconstructions are routinely used for the analysis and design of metabolic engineering strategies for production of primary metabolites. The use of such reconstructions for metabolic engineering of antibiotic production is not common due to the lack of simple design algorithms in the absence of a cellular growth objective ...
Bruno Laura - - 2012
AIMS: The present work reports on one of the first attempts to use biofilm-forming cyanobacteria for biomass and lipid production. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three isolates of filamentous cyanobacteria wereobtained from biofilms at different Italian sites and characterized by a polyphasic approach, involving microscopic observations, ecology and genetic diversity (studying the ...
Styler Sarah Anne - - 2012
Teragram quantities of crustal and volcanic aerosol are released into the atmosphere on an annual basis. Although these substrates contain photoactive metal oxides, little is known about the role that they may play in catalyzing the heterogeneous phototransformation of semi-volatile organic species. In the present study, we have investigated oxalic ...
Polen Tino - - 2012
Adipic acid is the most important commercial aliphatic dicarboxylic acid in the chemical industry and is primarily used for the production of nylon-6, 6 polyamide. The current adipic acid market volume is about 2.6 million tons/y and the average annual demand growth rate forecast to stay at 3-3.5% worldwide. Hitherto, ...
Kandasamy Vijayalakshmi - - 2012
Fermentation-derived products are in greater demand to meet the increasing global market as well as to overcome environmental problems. In this work, Escherichia coli has been metabolically engineered with acrylate pathway genes from Clostridium propionicum for the conversion of D: -lactic acid to propionic acid. The introduced synthetic pathway consisted ...
Díaz L - - 2012
Waste oils are a promising alternative feedstock for biodiesel production due to the decrease of the industrial production costs. However, feedstocks with high free fatty acids (FFA) content present several drawbacks when alkaline catalyzed transesterification reaction is employed in biodiesel production process. Nowadays, in order to develop suitable processes capable ...
Zhang Baohua - - 2012
Fumaric acid, a dicarboxylic acid used as a food acidulant and in manufacturing synthetic resins, can be produced from glucose in fermentation by Rhizopus oryzae. However, the fumaric acid yield is limited by the co-production of ethanol and other byproducts. To increase fumaric acid production, overexpressing endogenous pyruvate carboxylase (PYC) ...
Yoshida Tsuyoshi - - 2012
We previously reported a butanol production process with pH-stat continuous feeding of dl-lactic acid and glucose as the co-substrate (Oshiro et al., Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 87, 1177-1185 (2010)). To accomplish butanol production from completely inedible substrates, in this study, we investigated acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation of Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 with lactic ...
Wang Yongze - - 2012
Escherichia coli W, a sucrose-positive strain, was engineered for the homofermentative production of D: -lactic acid through chromosomal deletion of the competing fermentative pathway genes (adhE, frdABCD, pta, pflB, aldA) and the repressor gene (cscR) of the sucrose operon, and metabolic evolution for improved anaerobic cell growth. The resulting strain, ...
Omori Yosuke - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Prognosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains poor because of unknown pathophysiology and unestablished therapeutic strategy. This study aimed to identify a potential therapeutic intervention for HFpEF through metabolomics-based analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS:: Metabolomics with capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry was performed using plasma of Dahl ...
Fuwa Haruhiko - - 2012
Total synthesis of gambieric acid A, a potent antifungal polycyclic ether metabolite, has been accomplished for the first time, which firmly established the complete stereostructure of this natural product.
Sambasivan Ramya - - 2012
Searching with a beady eye: A high-throughput, on-bead screen of rhodium metallopeptide catalysts was developed in a 96-well format for asymmetric cyclopropanation. Different sequences of natural L-amino acids have been identified that produce opposite product enantiomers. In addition to styrene derivatives, high enantioselectivity is observed for vinyl ether and vinyl ...
Bhanwar Seema - - 2012
Fried sourdough bread (bhatura) with an elevated amount of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was produced using lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The LAB starter was screened and isolated from pickled yam showing highest GABA content and was identified as Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. The maximum GABA production in de Man Rogosa Sharpe ...
Kollanoor-Johny A - - 2012
We investigated the efficacy of feed supplemented with caprylic acid (CA), a natural, 8-carbon fatty acid for reducing Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis colonization in commercial broiler chickens. In separate 3- and 6-wk trials, 1-d-old straight-run broiler chicks (n = 70 birds/trial) were assigned to a control group (challenged with Salmonella ...
Garduño-Ramírez María Luisa - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to investigate the transdermal permeation of cacalol (1) and a mixture of cacalone (2) and 6-epi-cacalone (3) in comparison with diclofenac acid (4) delivered from the same characterized nanoemulsion using Franz diffusion cells (formulae I, II and III). Results show that de Kp, ...
Hama Shinji - - 2012
An engineering approach was applied to an efficient biodiesel production from waste cooking oil. In this work, an enzymatic packed-bed reactor (PBR) was integrated with a glycerol-separating system and used successfully for methanolysis, yielding a methyl ester content of 94.3% and glycerol removal of 99.7%. In the glycerol-separating system with ...
Itoh Yuya - - 2012
The selective production of lactic acid by anaerobic acidogenesis with low pH control was examined using a chemostat culture. By decreasing culture pH to 3.5 in a chemostat culture containing mixed microbial populations for anaerobic acidogenesis, heterolactic fermentation became dominant, resulting in the selective production of lactic acid and ethanol. ...
Toomik Peeter - - 2012
The oxidation of lipids in different prefabricated meat products may have detrimental effects on the organoleptic properties and/or safety of meat, and poses a serious health concern. The oxidation processes may be accelerated by acids that are added to some products, e.g., marinated meat. In this work, the oxidation of ...
Allen Adrian Douglas - - 2012
(R)-3-Hydroxycarboxylic acids, chiral enantiomers of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), may be valuable synthons for the production of numerous industrial materials such as β-lactams, fungicides, flavors, pheromones and vitamins. In this study, (R)-3-hydroxycarboxylic acid [(R)-3HAs)] synthons were produced by Streptomyces sp. JM3 (JN166713) under batch fermentation. Initial confirmation of PHA production was ...
Kamzolova Svetlana V - - 2012
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica VKM Y-2412 was selected as a prospective producer of α-ketoglutaric acid (KGA) from ethanol. The following peculiarities were found: (1) the intensive KGA production occurred only under the limitation of cell growth by thiamine and the excess of ethanol and nitrogen, (2) the production of KGA ...
Magdalon Juliana - - 2012
Oleic (OLA) and linoleic (LNA) acids are commonly consumed fatty acids and they can modulate the inflammatory response, in which macrophages play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these two fatty acids on the production of inflammatory mediators by macrophages. Rats received ...
Ladeira Márcio M - - 2012
The objective of this review is to report how the use of lipid sources in diets for ruminants can affect the fatty acid profile of beef. In addition, recent patents that can be utilized to alter the fatty acid profile in the meat, or which concern the synthesis of conjugated ...
Abd El Baky Hanaa H - - 2012
The effects of cultivation of Scenedesmus obliquus in nutrient medium supplemented with 0.03%, 3, 9% and 12% CO(2) or 2.5-20mgL(-1) of Fe(3+) on dry weight of biomass (DW), total lipid accumulation (TL contents) and total lipid productivity (TLP) were evaluated under indoor conditions. The accumulation of TL and TLP showed ...
Horiuchi H - - 2012
Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) and Streptococcus thermophilus are traditionally used for the manufacture of yogurt. It is said that a symbiotic relationship exists between Strep. thermophilus and L. bulgaricus and this decreases fermentation time. It is well known that L. bulgaricus is stimulated by the formate produced by ...
Hsieh Hsin-Ju - - 2012
Discovery of an alternative fuel is now an urgent matter because of the impending issue of oil depletion. Lipids synthesized in algal cells called triacylglycerols (TAGs) are thought to be of the most value as a potential biofuel source because they can use transesterification to manufacture biodiesel. Biodiesel is deemed ...
Malihan Lenny B - - 2012
The amenability of three brown algal species, Sargassum fulvellum, Laminaria japonica and Undaria pinnatifida, to hydrolysis were investigated using the ionic liquid (IL), 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl). Compositional analyses of the brown algae reveal that sufficient amounts of sugars (15.5-29.4wt.%) can be recovered. Results from hydrolysis experiments show that careful selection ...
Yuan Xufeng - - 2012
A microbial consortium MC1 was used to pretreat filter paper, office paper, newspaper, and cardboard to enhance methane production. The results of pretreatment indicated that sCOD of hydrolysates of the four substrates increased significantly in the early stage, and peaked on day 7. During pretreatment, ethanol, acetic acid, propionic acid, ...
Saeed Abrar - - 2012
The pre-hydrolysis liquor (PHL) of the kraft-based dissolving pulp production process contains various amounts of hemicelluloses that can be utilized in the production of value-added products. In this work, a new process was proposed for removing the inhibitors of PHL via employing a flocculation concept in order to facilitate the ...
Rosca Mariana G - - 2012
Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause kidney damage in diabetes. We investigated the source and site of ROS production by kidney cortical tubule mitochondria in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes in rats. In diabetic mitochondria, the increased amounts and activities of selective fatty acid oxidation enzymes is associated with increased oxidative ...
Sciotto Caterina - - 2012
The levels of trans isomers of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in 77 omega-3 products on the European market have been studied. Fatty acids were analyzed as fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector, using a cyanopropyl coated stationary phase. The amount of ...
Pudlik Agata M - - 2012
The citrate transporter CitP of lactic acid bacteria catalyzes electrogenic precursor-product exchange of citrate versus L-lactate during citrate-glucose cometabolism. In the absence of sugar, L-lactate is replaced by the metabolic intermediates/end products pyruvate, α-acetolactate, and acetate. In this study, the binding and translocation properties of CitP were analyzed systematically for ...
Krömer Jens O - - 2012
Aromatics are amongst the most important bulk feedstocks for the chemical industry, however, no viable bioprocess exists today and production is still dependent on petro-chemistry. In this article the production of aromatic precursors such as p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA) and p-amino benzoic acid (PABA) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was evaluated using metabolic ...
Orellana Arturo - - 2012
An efficient and stereo- and regiooselective synthesis of (-)-kainic acid, through a high-pressure promoted Diels-Alder cycloaddition of a trisubstituted vinylogous malonate derived from 4-hydroxyproline, is described. The bicylic adduct could be converted to the natural product with complete stereocontrol.
Seo Jong-Su - - 2012
Mycobacterium aromativorans strain JS19b1(T) can utilize phenanthrene as a sole source of carbon and energy. Strain JS19b1(T) degrades phenanthrene through highly branched metabolic pathways, including dioxygenation on C-1,2, C-3,4 and C-9,10 positions and ring opening by both ortho- and meta-cleavage. The presence of novel metabolic pathways was confirmed by replacement ...
Wu Z - - 2012
This trial was conducted to determine the effect of the addition of 2 or 4% oleic acid to an hydrogenated fat coating applied to an experimental supplement with 55 or 58% lysine sulfate on ruminal escape and intestinal absorption of Lys. Two lactating Holstein cows (103 d in milk and ...
Fernandes Jane Luiza Nogueira - - 2012
In the present investigation, we studied the enzymatic synthesis of monoacylglycerols (MAG) and diacylglycerols (DAG) via the esterification of saturated fatty acids (stearic, palmitic and an industrial residue containing 87% palmitic acid) and glycerol in a solvent-free system. Three immobilized lipases (Lipozyme RM IM, Lipozyme TL IM and Novozym 435) ...
Salgado José Manuel - - 2012
The enzyme PAD from Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 748(T) decarboxylates some cinnamic acids namely p-coumaric acid (p-CA), caffeic acid (CA), and ferulic acid (FA) into their corresponding 4-vinyl derivatives (4-VD): 4-vinyl phenol (4-VP), 4-vinyl catechol (4-VC), and 4-vinyl guaiacol (4-VG), respectively, which are valuable food additives mainly employed as flavouring agents. ...
Zhuang Yingbin - - 2012
Production of bio-oil by microwave-assisted direct liquefaction (MADL) of Ulva prolifera was investigated, and the bio-oil was analyzed by elementary analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis (FT-IR), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicate that the liquefaction yield is influenced by the microwave power, liquefaction temperature, liquefaction time, catalyst ...
Elbeshbishy Elsayed - - 2012
Batch anaerobic studies were conducted using five mixtures (M1-M5) of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and starch. The results showed that co-digestion of BSA and starch had a positive impact on the methane production. The highest methane production of 288mL, the highest methane yield of 360mL CH(4)/g COD(added), and the highest ...
Leggio Antonella - - 2012
In meat products the contents of free amino acids and free fatty acids are two important parameters used to establish their quality. These compounds play a very important role in defining the sensorial characteristics and acceptability of meat products. An innovative procedure for the measurement of free amino acid and ...
Kupiainen Laura - - 2012
Organosolv methods can be used to delignify lignocellulosic crop residues for pulp production or to pretreat them prior to enzymatic hydrolysis for bioethanol production. In this study, organic solvent was used as an acidic hydrolysis catalyst to produce glucose. Hydrolysis experiments were carried out in 5-20% formic acid at 180-220°C. ...
Kwon Eilhann E - - 2012
This study provides a novel methodology for biodiesel (FAME) production under ambient pressure, which resolves most drawbacks of current commercialized biodiesel conversion via the transesterification reaction. This has been achieved by means of a thermo-chemical process and a true continuous flow system. This also enables combination of esterification of free ...
Phrueksawan Parichat - - 2012
This study shows that Rhizopus oryzae is capable of directly utilizing cassava pulp alone to L: -lactic acid in solid state fermentation (SSF). pH control at 6.0 helped prevent end product inhibition. Increasing lactate titer was observed at the higher initial moistened water due to the higher degree of substrate ...
Jeong Tae Su - - 2012
Acid-catalyzed hydrothermal hydrolysis is one path to cellulosic glucose and subsequently to its dehydration end products such as hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF), formic acid and levulinic acid. The effect of sugar decomposition not only lowers the yield of fermentable sugars but also forms decomposition products that inhibit subsequent fermentation. The present ...
Xia Xiao-Feng - - 2012
An efficient method to construct cyclopenta[c]chromene skeletons by Lewis acid-catalyzed intramolecular [3+2] cycloaddition of cyclopropane 1,1-diesters with alkynes is presented. Two new fused cycles can be formed in one step in moderate to excellent yields (up to 94 %), and the products can be converted into bioactive barbituric acid derivatives (1) ...
Klement Tobias - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In the last years, the biotechnological production of platform chemicals for fuel components has become a major focus of interest. Although ligno-cellulosic material is considered as suitable feedstock, the almost inevitable pretreatment of this recalcitrant material may interfere with the subsequent fermentation steps. In this study, the fungus ...
Scialla Julia J JJ Department of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33136, USA. - - 2012
Increased acid excretion may promote renal injury. To evaluate this in African Americans with hypertensive nephrosclerosis, we studied the association between the net endogenous acid production and progression of kidney disease in 632 patients in the AASK trial. Protein and potassium intakes were estimated from 24 h urea nitrogen and ...
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