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Asadpoor Mostafa M Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. ; Students' Research Committee, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Purpose: Fruit juice is a nutrient rich food product with a direct connection to public health. The purpose of this research was to determine the amino acid profile of juices and provide a quick and accurate indicator for determining their authenticity. Methods: The method of analysis was HPLC with fluorescence ...
Wang Peng P College of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Engineering, Hebei University of Science & Technology, Shijiazhuang, 050018, China; Hebei Research Center of Pharmaceutical and Chemical Engineering, Hebei University of Science & Technology, Shijiazhuang, 050018, China; State Key Laboratory Breeding Base-Hebei Province Key Laboratory of Molecular Chemistry for Drug, Hebei University of Science & Technology, Shijiazhuang, 050018, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
An efficient fermentation-strengthening approach was developed to improve the anaerobic production of vitamin B12 by cultivation process optimization with Propionibacterium freudenreichii. The effects of the byproduct propionic acid and the precursor 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMB) on vitamin B12 biosynthesis were investigated. Byproduct inhibition experiments showed that maintaining propionic acid concentration in broth ...
Tian Dong D State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, - - 2014
In this paper, we demonstrated that acidic ionic liquids (ILs) can be used as "quasi-homogeneous" catalysts for the efficient acetylation of cellulose. Unlike existing techniques that use large amount of ILs as solvent to dissolve and acetylate cellulose, a small amount of acidic ILs was used as catalyst in this ...
Ghislieri Diego D Department of Biomolecular Systems, Max-Planck Institute for Colloids and Interfaces, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany), Institute for Chemistry and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimalle 22, 14195 Berlin - - 2014
While continuous chemical processes have attracted both academic and industrial interest, virtually all active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are still produced by using multiple distinct batch processes. To date, methods for the divergent multistep continuous production of customizable small molecules are not available. A chemical assembly system was developed, in which ...
Bolte Benoit - - 2014
The natural products cochliomycin A (1) and cochliomycin B (2), two resorcylic acid lactones obtained from marine sources, have been prepared in a concise and stereo-controlled manner from the readily accessible building blocks 4-6. Olefin cross metathesis, trans-esterification and Nozaki-Hiyama-Kishi (NHK) macrocyclization reactions were employed in the key steps. Hydrolysis ...
Kelley D E DE Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, 2250 Shealy Drive, Gainesville, Florida, 32608 USA - - 2014
The beneficial effect of L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation, on the physiology of several species, has generated an interest in the use of L-Arg as a nutraceutical in horses but dosage and absorption of orally supplemented L-Arg must be inferred from other species. The study objective was to determine the effect of ...
Loomba Rohit R University of California, San Diego, United States - - 2014
Non-invasive diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a major unmet clinical need, and we hypothesized that polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolites, in particular the arachidonic acid (AA) derived eicosanoids, in the plasma would differentiate patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) from those with NASH. Therefore, we aimed to assess the ...
Na Kyungsu - - 2014
The effect of acidic properties of mesoporous zeolites on the control of product selectivity during the hydrogenative isomerization of methylcyclopentane has been investigated. A series of mesoporous zeolites with controlled acidic properties were prepared by post dealumination process with hydrochloric acid under hydrothermal conditions, and the resultant zeolites used for ...
Arriola K G KG Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of using 4 commercially available microbial inoculants to improve the fermentation and aerobic stability of bermudagrass haylage. We hypothesized that the microbial inoculants would increase the fermentation and aerobic stability of the haylages. Bermudagrass (4-wk regrowth) was harvested and treated ...
Amoli-Diva Mitra M Faculty of Chemistry, Kharazmi (Tarbiat Moallem) University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2015
A novel pH-responsive polymer, poly(methacrylic acid-co-acrylic acid)-co-polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (polymeric nano-carrier) was synthesized and used for encapsulation of 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles to prepare a new magnetic nano-carrier. The loading and release characteristics of both polymeric and magnetic nano-carriers were investigated using fluvastatin as the model drug. The loading behavior of ...
Wang Le L The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, - - 2015
The awareness, treatment, and control rates of hypertension for young adults are much lower than average. It is urgently needed to explore the variances of metabolic profiles for early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. In current study, we applied a GC-MS based metabolomics platform coupled with a network approach to ...
Kaka A A Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia; Sindh Agriculture University, Tando jam, - - 2014
The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of α-linolenic acid (ALA) on frozen-thawed quality and fatty acid composition of bull sperm. For that, twenty-four ejaculates obtained from three bulls were diluted in a Tris extender containing 0 (control), 3, 5, 10 and 15 ng/ml of ALA. Extended semen was incubated ...
Fang Luo - - 2014
(J. Sep. Sci. 2014, 37 (22), 3245-3252) DOI: 10.1002/jssc.201400711 With the introduction of the iso-absorption plot, a new HPLC-DAD method was developed to simultaneously determine seven polyphenolic compounds (protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, scutellarin, rosmarinic acid, and apigenin) in Qingfei mixture (QFM). Traditional herbal medicines (THM) and ...
Li Dongdong D Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, People's Republic of China. - - 2014
Small-sized (∼11.86 nm) and monodisperse hexagonal NaYF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+) upconversion (UC) nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized by simultaneously controlling the nucleation and growth process with a relatively high oleic acid to precursor ratio.
Bai Shijie S Institute of Hydrobiology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, - - 2014
Toxic Microcystis species are the main bloom-forming cyanobacteria in freshwaters. It is imperative to develop efficient techniques to control these notorious harmful algal blooms (HABs). Here, we present a simple, efficient, and environmentally safe algicidal way to control Microcystis blooms, by using intermediate carboxylic acids from the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) ...
Zhuge Xin X Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, Wuxi 214122, - - 2014
In this study, a three-stage oxidoreduction potential (ORP) control strategy was developed to improve propionic acid (PA) production using engineered Propionibacterium jensenii ATCC 4868 (pZGX04-gldA) in a 3-L bioreactor. Specifically, ORP was controlled at -200mV from 0 to 36h, -300mV from 36 to 156h, and -400mV after 156h. The PA ...
Chang Pishan P - - 2014
The medium chain triglyceride (MCT) ketogenic diet is a major treatment for drug resistant epilepsy but is problematic, particularly in adults, because of poor tolerability. Branched derivatives of octanoic acid, a medium chain fat provided in the diet have been suggested as potential new treatments for drug-resistant epilepsy, but the ...
Buchard Antoine A Department of Chemistry and Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY - - 2014
Poly(mandelic acid) (PMA) is an aryl analogue of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and a biodegradable analogue of polystyrene. The preparation of stereoregular PMA was realized using a pyridine/mandelic acid adduct (Py⋅MA) as an organocatalyst for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of the cyclic O-carboxyanhydride (manOCA). Polymers with a narrow polydispersity index and ...
Kamda Aristide Guillaume Silapeux AG Laboratory for Food Sciences and Metabolism, Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé I, PO Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Department of Biology, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Campus Universitário, 37.200-000 Lavras, MG, - - 2014
The effects of Lactobacillus plantarum UFLA CH3, Pediococcus acidilactici UFLA BFFCX 27.1, and Torulaspora delbrueckii UFLA FFT2.4 inoculation on the volatile compound profile of fermentation of Cucumeropsis mannii cotyledons were investigated. Different microbial associations were used as starters. All associations displayed the ability to ferment the cotyledons as judged by ...
Haidari Fatemeh F Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. - - 2014
Dietary fatty acids play a critical role in modulation of airway inflammation in asthma. This study was conducted to compare dietary intakes of essential fatty acids and serum levels of inflammatory factors in asthmatic and healthy adults, and to examine the potential relationship between inflammatory markers and dietary fatty acids. ...
Fyfe James W B JW WestCHEM, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Strathclyde, 295 Cathedral Street, Glasgow, G1 1XL - - 2014
Control of boronic acid solution speciation is presented as a new strategy for the chemoselective synthesis of boronic esters. Manipulation of the solution equilibria within a cross-coupling milieu enables the formal homologation of aryl and alkenyl boronic acid pinacol esters. The generation of a new, reactive boronic ester in the ...
Mavrogenis Stelios S Department of Uro-oncology, National Institute of Oncology, Budapest, - - 2014
Hypospadias is a common structural birth defect (congenital abnormality) of the male genital organ. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis regarding the possible preventive effect of folic acid for isolated hypospadias (IH). Folic acid use was compared in 3,038 cases with IH and 24,814 male controls ...
Takeda Ryosuke R Hamari Chemicals Ltd. 1-4-29 Kunijima, Higashi-Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 533-0024 - - 2014
Reported herein is the first purely chemical method for the dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of unprotected racemic α-amino acids (α-AAs), a method which can rival the economic efficiency of the enzymatic reactions. The DKR reaction principle can be readily applied for S/R interconversions of α-AAs, the methodological versatility of which ...
Borger Jaap E JE Department of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam (The - - 2014
Reacting white phosphorus (P4 ) with sterically encumbered aryl lithium reagents (aryl=2,6-dimesitylphenyl or 2,4,6-tBu3 C6 H2 ) and B(C6 F5 )3 gives the unique, isolable Lewis acid stabilized bicyclo[1.1.0]tetraphosphabutane anion. Subsequent alkylation of the nucleophilic site of the RP4 anion gives access to non-symmetrical disubstituted bicyclic tetraphosphorus compounds. This novel ...
Cho Hyun Uk HU School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Hyoja-dong, Nam-Gu, Pohang, Kyungbuk 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of applying volatile fatty acids (VFAs) produced from low-cost organic waste to the major carbon sources of microalgae cultivation for highly efficient biofuel production. An integrated process that consists of a sewage sludge fermentation system producing VFAs (SSFV) and mixotrophic ...
Panda N N Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, 769008, Odisha, - - 2014
Fabrication of nanofibers from wild varieties of silk such as eri and tasar is very promising for tissue engineering application because of the presence of RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) ligand and high content of hydrophilic amino acids. In this study, the biodegradation of silk fibroin (SF) nanofibers have been studied in ...
Rico Cyren M - - 2014
The implications of engineered nanomaterials on crop productivity and food quality are not yet well understood. The impacts of cerium oxide nanoparticles (nCeO2) on growth and yield attributes and nutritional composition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were examined. Wheat was cultivated to grain production in soil amended with 0, 125, ...
Hevekerl Antje A Thünen-Institute of Agricultural Technology, Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, - - 2014
Itaconic acid is mainly produced with the filamentous fungi Aspergillus terreus. An increase in the pH during the production phase of the cultivation resulted in an increase in the itaconic acid concentration. The pH was raised by a single pH shift ranging from pH 4 to 6 or by a ...
Zhu Ru-Yi - - 2014
9-Methylacridine was identified as a generally effective ligand to promote a Pd(II)-catalyzed C(sp3)-H and C(sp2)-H alkylation of simple amides with various alkyl iodides. This alkylation reaction was applied to the preparation of unnatural amino acids and geometrically controlled tri- and tetrasubstituted acrylic acids.
Hussmann Jeffrey A JA Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA; Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been proposed that patterns in the usage of synonymous codons provide evidence that individual tRNA molecules are recycled through the ribosome, translating several occurrences of the same amino acid before diffusing away. The claimed evidence is based on counting the frequency with which pairs of synonymous codons are ...
Bullwinkle Tammy T Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Translation of the genome into functional proteins is critical for cellular life. Accurate protein synthesis relies on proper decoding of mRNAs by the ribosome using aminoacyl-tRNAs. During aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis, stringent substrate discrimination and rigorous product proofreading ensure tRNAs are paired with the correct amino acid, as defined by the rules ...
Béreau Virginie V CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205 route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse, - - 2014
Bimetallic Schiff-base Al(3+) complexes bearing ester functions at the periphery of the ligands are shown to be efficient fluorescent chemosensors for picric acid detection. The prominent role of an association between the chemosensor and the picric acid in the detection process is demonstrated. The detection of picric acid in water ...
Patidar Shailesh Kumar SK Salt and Marine Chemicals Discipline, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, - - 2014
Mixotrophic growth at flask level and, autotrophic-mixotrophic and autotrophic growth in photobioreactor by utilizing CO2/air/flue gas were checked for the isolated strain of Monoraphidium minutum from polluted habitat. Our study confirmed that it is a saturated fatty acid rich (30.92-68.94%) microalga with lower degree of unsaturation oil quality (42.06-103.99) making ...
Raymond Michaël M Department of Chemistry and Centre for Green Chemistry and Catalysis, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Station Downtown, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 - - 2014
Macrocyclic olefin metathesis has seen advances in the areas of stereochemistry, chemoselectivity, and catalyst stability, but strategies aimed at controlling dilution effects in macrocyclizations are rare. Herein, a protocol to promote macrocyclic olefin metathesis, one of the most common synthetic tools used to prepare macrocycles, at relatively high concentrations (up ...
Baril-Gravel L L Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Laval University, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of various dietary fatty acids on pro- and anti-inflammatory processes. We investigated the effect of 5 oils containing various amounts of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), linoleic acid (LA), oleic acid (OA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on plasma inflammatory biomarkers and expression levels of key inflammatory ...
Liu Tao T Department of Otolaryngology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, PR - - 2014
In order to control the release of amoxycillin (AM) with lower cytotoxicity and higher activity, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was used as the cross-linker, and a series of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) nanogels were prepared to load the AM. Then, the morphology, size, in vitro release property, long-term antibacterial performance, cytotoxicity, stability ...
Rajaram Subashini S Department of Pharmaceutics, Swamy Vivekanandha College of Pharmacy, Tiruchengode, Namakkal 637205, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
Bioavailability of rifampicin (RIF) from fixed dose combination (FDC) products remains problematic for effective control of tuberculosis (TB) owing to its degradation in the presence of isoniazid (INH) in the stomach acid environment. Ascorbic acid (ASC) is being added to the dissolution medium as well as the plasma sample as ...
Renner Olga O Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and University of Tuebingen, Stuttgart, - - 2014
Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) is an enteric hormone regulating bile acid de novo synthesis by sensing ileal bile acid flux. However, the role of FGF19 in cholelithiasis has not yet been elucidated and therefore is investigated in the present study. Total mRNA and protein were isolated from ileal biopsies ...
Boddu Sai Hs - - 2014
The present study deals with the preparation and in vitro evaluation of a Pluronic lecithin organogel gel containing ricinoleic acid for transdermal delivery. Blank Pluronic lecithin organogel gels were prepared using ricinoleic acid as the oil phase and characterized for pH, viscosity, gelation temperature, and microscopic structure. The optimized Pluronic ...
Feng Hongxia H College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of extrusion process on the trans fatty acids (TFAs) formation in soybean crude oils, three different extrusion parameters, namely, extrusion temperature (80-160°C), feed moisture (10-26%), and screw speed (100-500 rpm), were carried out. It was found that only five different types of TFAs were detected out using ...
Zhang Zhenzhen Z State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, PR China. wbyao@cpu.edu.cn - - 2013
An acidic polysaccharide (SGP-2), with a molecular weight of 1880 kDa, was purified from the defatted whole-plant of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai. SGP-2 is mainly composed of glucose, galactose, mannose, arabinose and galacturonic acid in a molar ratio of 12.19 : 8.68 : 6.03 : 1.00 : 15.24. The primary structure analysis reveals that SGP-2 consists of 1,4-linked ...
Singleton Jered J PATH, 2201 Westlake Ave., Suite 200, Seattle, WA, USA - - 2013
Many infectious diseases, as well as some cancers, that affect global health are most accurately diagnosed through nucleic acid amplification and detection. There is a great need to simplify nucleic acid-based assay systems for use in global health in low-resource settings as well as in settings that do not have ...
Sabikhi Latha L Dairy Technology Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, 132001 Haryana - - 2014
A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of Edam cheese as a carrier of probiotic bifidobacteria. Probiotic Edam cheese containing 10(7) viable cells of Bifidobacterium bifidum was monitored over a period of 3 months for ripening changes. Lactose in control as well as experimental cheeses was depleted within 15 days. Moisture ...
Papandreou Christopher - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between gluteal adipose tissue fatty acids and sleep quality parameters in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: Fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography in 63 OSAS patients, and sleep was assessed by polysomnography. RESULTS: Significant ...
Chuang Lu-Te LT Department of Biotechnology, Yuanpei University, Hsinchu, - - 2012
Although abnormalities in the fatty acid composition of serum and red cell membrane phospholipids of patients with type 2 diabetes are well-documented, lacking are studies of this issue in prediabetic individuals. For this cross-sectional study, we recruited 180 subjects (30-80 years), 56 of whom were normal with regard to glucose ...
Osuji Godson O - - 2012
It is necessary to eliminate linoleic acid and allergenic arachins from peanuts for good health reasons. Virginia-type peanuts, harvested from plots treated with mineral salts combinations that mimic the subunit compositions of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) were analyzed for fatty acid and arachin compositions by HPLC and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, respectively. ...
Degrandi-Hoffman Gloria - - 2012
Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) beta acids (HBA) were tested for miticidal effects on varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, a parasitic mite of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). When varroa were placed on bees that had topical applications of 1 % HBA, there was 100 % mite mortality. Bee mortality ...
Borrelli Osvaldo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the pattern of reflux in a selected population of infants with cow's milk (CM) allergy (CMA) and suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) while on dietary exclusion and following challenge with CM. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen children (median age: 14 months) with a proven diagnosis of CMA ...
Deng Huayun - - 2012
G protein-coupled receptor-35 (GPR35) has been shown to be a target of the asthma drugs cromolyn disodium and nedocromil sodium. Gallic acid and caffeic acids are reported to modulate allergic reactions via unknown mode(s) of action. Here we attempt to elucidate whether both phenolic acids share a common mode of ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2012
Dietary fat exerts numerous complex effects on proinflammatory and immunologic pathways. Several epidemiological studies have examined the relationships between intake of fatty acids and/or foods high in fat and allergic rhinitis, but have provided conflicting findings. The current cross-sectional study investigated such relationships in Japan. Study subjects were 1745 pregnant ...
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