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Tian Dong D State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, - - 2014
In this paper, we demonstrated that acidic ionic liquids (ILs) can be used as "quasi-homogeneous" catalysts for the efficient acetylation of cellulose. Unlike existing techniques that use large amount of ILs as solvent to dissolve and acetylate cellulose, a small amount of acidic ILs was used as catalyst in this ...
Li Dongdong D Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, People's Republic of China. - - 2014
Small-sized (∼11.86 nm) and monodisperse hexagonal NaYF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+) upconversion (UC) nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized by simultaneously controlling the nucleation and growth process with a relatively high oleic acid to precursor ratio.
Bai Shijie S Institute of Hydrobiology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, - - 2014
Toxic Microcystis species are the main bloom-forming cyanobacteria in freshwaters. It is imperative to develop efficient techniques to control these notorious harmful algal blooms (HABs). Here, we present a simple, efficient, and environmentally safe algicidal way to control Microcystis blooms, by using intermediate carboxylic acids from the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) ...
Chang Pishan P - - 2014
The medium chain triglyceride (MCT) ketogenic diet is a major treatment for drug resistant epilepsy but is problematic, particularly in adults, because of poor tolerability. Branched derivatives of octanoic acid, a medium chain fat provided in the diet have been suggested as potential new treatments for drug-resistant epilepsy, but the ...
Buchard Antoine A Department of Chemistry and Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY - - 2014
Poly(mandelic acid) (PMA) is an aryl analogue of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and a biodegradable analogue of polystyrene. The preparation of stereoregular PMA was realized using a pyridine/mandelic acid adduct (Py⋅MA) as an organocatalyst for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of the cyclic O-carboxyanhydride (manOCA). Polymers with a narrow polydispersity index and ...
Kamda Aristide Guillaume Silapeux AG Laboratory for Food Sciences and Metabolism, Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé I, PO Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Department of Biology, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Campus Universitário, 37.200-000 Lavras, MG, - - 2014
The effects of Lactobacillus plantarum UFLA CH3, Pediococcus acidilactici UFLA BFFCX 27.1, and Torulaspora delbrueckii UFLA FFT2.4 inoculation on the volatile compound profile of fermentation of Cucumeropsis mannii cotyledons were investigated. Different microbial associations were used as starters. All associations displayed the ability to ferment the cotyledons as judged by ...
Haidari Fatemeh F Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. - - 2014
Dietary fatty acids play a critical role in modulation of airway inflammation in asthma. This study was conducted to compare dietary intakes of essential fatty acids and serum levels of inflammatory factors in asthmatic and healthy adults, and to examine the potential relationship between inflammatory markers and dietary fatty acids. ...
Fyfe James W B JW WestCHEM, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Strathclyde, 295 Cathedral Street, Glasgow, G1 1XL - - 2014
Control of boronic acid solution speciation is presented as a new strategy for the chemoselective synthesis of boronic esters. Manipulation of the solution equilibria within a cross-coupling milieu enables the formal homologation of aryl and alkenyl boronic acid pinacol esters. The generation of a new, reactive boronic ester in the ...
Mavrogenis Stelios S Department of Uro-oncology, National Institute of Oncology, Budapest, - - 2014
Hypospadias is a common structural birth defect (congenital abnormality) of the male genital organ. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis regarding the possible preventive effect of folic acid for isolated hypospadias (IH). Folic acid use was compared in 3,038 cases with IH and 24,814 male controls ...
Takeda Ryosuke R Hamari Chemicals Ltd. 1-4-29 Kunijima, Higashi-Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 533-0024 - - 2014
Reported herein is the first purely chemical method for the dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of unprotected racemic α-amino acids (α-AAs), a method which can rival the economic efficiency of the enzymatic reactions. The DKR reaction principle can be readily applied for S/R interconversions of α-AAs, the methodological versatility of which ...
Borger Jaap E JE Department of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam (The - - 2014
Reacting white phosphorus (P4 ) with sterically encumbered aryl lithium reagents (aryl=2,6-dimesitylphenyl or 2,4,6-tBu3 C6 H2 ) and B(C6 F5 )3 gives the unique, isolable Lewis acid stabilized bicyclo[1.1.0]tetraphosphabutane anion. Subsequent alkylation of the nucleophilic site of the RP4 anion gives access to non-symmetrical disubstituted bicyclic tetraphosphorus compounds. This novel ...
Cho Hyun Uk HU School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Hyoja-dong, Nam-Gu, Pohang, Kyungbuk 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of applying volatile fatty acids (VFAs) produced from low-cost organic waste to the major carbon sources of microalgae cultivation for highly efficient biofuel production. An integrated process that consists of a sewage sludge fermentation system producing VFAs (SSFV) and mixotrophic ...
Panda N N Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, 769008, Odisha, - - 2014
Fabrication of nanofibers from wild varieties of silk such as eri and tasar is very promising for tissue engineering application because of the presence of RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) ligand and high content of hydrophilic amino acids. In this study, the biodegradation of silk fibroin (SF) nanofibers have been studied in ...
Rico Cyren M - - 2014
The implications of engineered nanomaterials on crop productivity and food quality are not yet well understood. The impacts of cerium oxide nanoparticles (nCeO2) on growth and yield attributes and nutritional composition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were examined. Wheat was cultivated to grain production in soil amended with 0, 125, ...
Hevekerl Antje A Thünen-Institute of Agricultural Technology, Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, - - 2014
Itaconic acid is mainly produced with the filamentous fungi Aspergillus terreus. An increase in the pH during the production phase of the cultivation resulted in an increase in the itaconic acid concentration. The pH was raised by a single pH shift ranging from pH 4 to 6 or by a ...
Zhu Ru-Yi - - 2014
9-Methylacridine was identified as a generally effective ligand to promote a Pd(II)-catalyzed C(sp3)-H and C(sp2)-H alkylation of simple amides with various alkyl iodides. This alkylation reaction was applied to the preparation of unnatural amino acids and geometrically controlled tri- and tetrasubstituted acrylic acids.
Hussmann Jeffrey A JA Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA; Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been proposed that patterns in the usage of synonymous codons provide evidence that individual tRNA molecules are recycled through the ribosome, translating several occurrences of the same amino acid before diffusing away. The claimed evidence is based on counting the frequency with which pairs of synonymous codons are ...
Bullwinkle Tammy T Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Translation of the genome into functional proteins is critical for cellular life. Accurate protein synthesis relies on proper decoding of mRNAs by the ribosome using aminoacyl-tRNAs. During aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis, stringent substrate discrimination and rigorous product proofreading ensure tRNAs are paired with the correct amino acid, as defined by the rules ...
Béreau Virginie V CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205 route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse, - - 2014
Bimetallic Schiff-base Al(3+) complexes bearing ester functions at the periphery of the ligands are shown to be efficient fluorescent chemosensors for picric acid detection. The prominent role of an association between the chemosensor and the picric acid in the detection process is demonstrated. The detection of picric acid in water ...
Patidar Shailesh Kumar SK Salt and Marine Chemicals Discipline, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 364002, - - 2014
Mixotrophic growth at flask level and, autotrophic-mixotrophic and autotrophic growth in photobioreactor by utilizing CO2/air/flue gas were checked for the isolated strain of Monoraphidium minutum from polluted habitat. Our study confirmed that it is a saturated fatty acid rich (30.92-68.94%) microalga with lower degree of unsaturation oil quality (42.06-103.99) making ...
Raymond Michaël M Department of Chemistry and Centre for Green Chemistry and Catalysis, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Station Downtown, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 - - 2014
Macrocyclic olefin metathesis has seen advances in the areas of stereochemistry, chemoselectivity, and catalyst stability, but strategies aimed at controlling dilution effects in macrocyclizations are rare. Herein, a protocol to promote macrocyclic olefin metathesis, one of the most common synthetic tools used to prepare macrocycles, at relatively high concentrations (up ...
Baril-Gravel L L Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Laval University, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of various dietary fatty acids on pro- and anti-inflammatory processes. We investigated the effect of 5 oils containing various amounts of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), linoleic acid (LA), oleic acid (OA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on plasma inflammatory biomarkers and expression levels of key inflammatory ...
Liu Tao T Department of Otolaryngology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, PR - - 2014
In order to control the release of amoxycillin (AM) with lower cytotoxicity and higher activity, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was used as the cross-linker, and a series of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) nanogels were prepared to load the AM. Then, the morphology, size, in vitro release property, long-term antibacterial performance, cytotoxicity, stability ...
Rajaram Subashini S Department of Pharmaceutics, Swamy Vivekanandha College of Pharmacy, Tiruchengode, Namakkal 637205, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
Bioavailability of rifampicin (RIF) from fixed dose combination (FDC) products remains problematic for effective control of tuberculosis (TB) owing to its degradation in the presence of isoniazid (INH) in the stomach acid environment. Ascorbic acid (ASC) is being added to the dissolution medium as well as the plasma sample as ...
Boddu Sai Hs - - 2014
The present study deals with the preparation and in vitro evaluation of a Pluronic lecithin organogel gel containing ricinoleic acid for transdermal delivery. Blank Pluronic lecithin organogel gels were prepared using ricinoleic acid as the oil phase and characterized for pH, viscosity, gelation temperature, and microscopic structure. The optimized Pluronic ...
Feng Hongxia H College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of extrusion process on the trans fatty acids (TFAs) formation in soybean crude oils, three different extrusion parameters, namely, extrusion temperature (80-160°C), feed moisture (10-26%), and screw speed (100-500 rpm), were carried out. It was found that only five different types of TFAs were detected out using ...
Zhang Zhenzhen Z State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, PR China. wbyao@cpu.edu.cn - - 2013
An acidic polysaccharide (SGP-2), with a molecular weight of 1880 kDa, was purified from the defatted whole-plant of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai. SGP-2 is mainly composed of glucose, galactose, mannose, arabinose and galacturonic acid in a molar ratio of 12.19 : 8.68 : 6.03 : 1.00 : 15.24. The primary structure analysis reveals that SGP-2 consists of 1,4-linked ...
Papandreou Christopher - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between gluteal adipose tissue fatty acids and sleep quality parameters in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: Fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography in 63 OSAS patients, and sleep was assessed by polysomnography. RESULTS: Significant ...
Osuji Godson O - - 2012
It is necessary to eliminate linoleic acid and allergenic arachins from peanuts for good health reasons. Virginia-type peanuts, harvested from plots treated with mineral salts combinations that mimic the subunit compositions of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) were analyzed for fatty acid and arachin compositions by HPLC and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, respectively. ...
Degrandi-Hoffman Gloria - - 2012
Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) beta acids (HBA) were tested for miticidal effects on varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, a parasitic mite of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). When varroa were placed on bees that had topical applications of 1 % HBA, there was 100 % mite mortality. Bee mortality ...
Borrelli Osvaldo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the pattern of reflux in a selected population of infants with cow's milk (CM) allergy (CMA) and suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) while on dietary exclusion and following challenge with CM. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen children (median age: 14 months) with a proven diagnosis of CMA ...
Deng Huayun - - 2012
G protein-coupled receptor-35 (GPR35) has been shown to be a target of the asthma drugs cromolyn disodium and nedocromil sodium. Gallic acid and caffeic acids are reported to modulate allergic reactions via unknown mode(s) of action. Here we attempt to elucidate whether both phenolic acids share a common mode of ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2012
Dietary fat exerts numerous complex effects on proinflammatory and immunologic pathways. Several epidemiological studies have examined the relationships between intake of fatty acids and/or foods high in fat and allergic rhinitis, but have provided conflicting findings. The current cross-sectional study investigated such relationships in Japan. Study subjects were 1745 pregnant ...
Kim Jihyun - - 2012
Regional dietary habits and cooking methods affect the prevalence of specific food allergies; therefore, we determined the effects of various pH conditions on major peanut allergens. Peanut kernels were soaked overnight in commercial vinegar (pH 2.3) or acetic acid solutions at pH 1.0, 3.0, or 5.0. Protein extracts from the ...
Siqueira Juliana Menezes - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to estimate the effects of introduction of acetylsalicylic acid solution into peritoneal implants in autologous endometrium as a method for treating endometriosis. Forty adult female rabbits were subdivided into 4 groups of 10 rabbits each, and endometriosis was induced via autotransplantation of endometrial fragments ...
Rowland Steven J SJ Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK. - - 2011
The large volumes, acute toxicity, estrogenicity, and antiandrogenicity of process-affected waters accruing in tailings ponds from the operations of the Alberta oil sands industries pose a significant task for environmental reclamation. Synchronous fluorescence spectra (SFS) suggest that oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) may contain aromatic carboxylic acids, which are among ...
White N R - - 2011
The objective of this experiment was to determine if dietary inclusion of fish meal would increase plasma and luteal tissue concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. Seventeen nonlactating Angus cows (2 to 8 yr of age) were housed in individual pens and fed a corn silage-based diet for approximately 60 ...
Molina-Hernández Miguel - - 2011
Folic acid is antidepressant, either alone or combined with several antidepressant drugs. However, the antidepressant-like actions of folic acid combined with intra-lateral septal (LSN) infusions of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the forced swimming test (FST) have not been tested before. Thus, systemic injections of fluoxetine (20.0mg/kg, P<0.05; s.c.) or 17-β ...
Guillaume Dom - - 2011
Argan oil has been used in Morocco as food and applied to the skin for centuries. Virgin argan oil of edible or beauty grade is composed of 99-percent acylglycerides (primarily triglycerides). Fatty acids that compose acylglycerides are principally oleic and linoleic acid, 43-49 percent and 29-36 percent, respectively. Unsaponifiable matter, ...
Achiraman Shanmugam - - 2011
Species-specific chemical signals released through urine, sweat, saliva and feces are involved in communication between animals. Urinary biochemical constituents along with pheromones may contribute to variation across reproductive cycles and facilitate to estrus detection. Hence, the present study was designed to analyze such biochemical profiles, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, ...
Laframboise Alyson J - - 2011
The wild perciform teleost Neogobius melanostomus (the round goby) originated from the Ponto-Caspian region and is now a highly successful invasive species in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Males may attract females into their nests for spawning by releasing reproductive pheromones, and it has been previously shown that reproductive males synthesize ...
Tian Zhen - - 2011
Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4) is highly expressed in the secondary decidual zone of mouse decidua and deciduoma and stromal cells under in vitro decidualization. Dtprp, a well-known marker of in vitro decidualization, is diminished by small interfering RNA against Fabp4 and FABP4 inhibitor and stimulated through Fabp4 overexpression.
Porto Brenda Lee Simas - - 2011
Qualitative differentiation between natural and enriched chicken eggs through omega (ω) 3 fatty acid profiles by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) under direct UV detection at 200 nm is proposed. The electrolyte background consisted of 12.0 mmol L(-1) tetraborate buffer (pH 9.2) mixed with 12.0 mmol L(-1) Brij 35, 17% acetonitrile ...
Borkar Aditi Narendra - - 2011
Protein denaturation plays a crucial role in cellular processes. In this study, denaturation of HIV-1 Protease (PR) was investigated by all-atom MD simulations in explicit solvent. The PR dimer and monomer were simulated separately in 9 M acetic acid (9 M AcOH) solution and water to study the denaturation process ...
Chiabrando Valentina V Dipartimento di Colture Arboree, Facoltà di Agraria, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2011
The potential of 1-methylcyclopropene for controlling ripening in 'Lateblue' blueberry fruit was explored. After harvest, blueberry fruits were exposed to 1-MCP (0.3 and 0.6μll(-1)). After treatment, samples were stored in air at 0°C for 35days and in a controlled atmosphere (3kPa O2+11kPa CO2) for 60days. Quality parameters were monitored (weight ...
Molatová Z - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine whether and to what extent the supplementation of feed with a coated or non-coated mixture of fatty acids (caprylic and capric acid) affects broiler chickens experimentally infected with Campylobacter jejuni. The study was carried out using 48 chickens divided into four experimental ...
Berdeaux Olivier - - 2010
The retina is one of the vertebrate tissues with the highest content in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). A large proportion of retinal phospholipids, especially those found in photoreceptor membranes, are dipolyunsaturated molecular species. Among them, dipolyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecular species are known to contain very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFA) from ...
Gupte Renuka R Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, - - 2010
Cyclic phosphatidic acid (CPA) is a naturally occurring analog of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in which the sn-2 hydroxy group forms a five-membered ring with the sn-3 phosphate. Here, we describe the synthesis of R-3-CCPA and S-3-CCPA along with their pharmacological properties as inhibitors of lysophospholipase D/autotaxin, agonists of the LPA(5) ...
Petelska Aneta D - - 2011
Monolayers of phosphatidylcholine, fatty acid and amine and binary mixtures phosphatidylcholine-fatty acid or phosphatidylcholine-amine were investigated at the air/water interface. Phosphatidylcholine (lecithin, PC), stearic acid (SA), palmitic acid (PA), decanoic acid (DA) and decylamine (DE) were used to the experiment. The surface tension values of pure and mixed monolayers were ...
Oishi-Tanaka Yumiko - - 2010
A recent study in Molecular Cell (Tsukahara et al., 2010) identifies cyclic phosphatidic acid (CPA) as a naturally occurring PPARgamma antagonist that can be generated from lysophospholipids by signal-dependent activation of phospholipase D2. This endogenous CPA regulates PPARgamma functions required for adipogenesis, glucose homeostasis, and vascular wall biology.
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