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Kim Jihyun - - 2012
Regional dietary habits and cooking methods affect the prevalence of specific food allergies; therefore, we determined the effects of various pH conditions on major peanut allergens. Peanut kernels were soaked overnight in commercial vinegar (pH 2.3) or acetic acid solutions at pH 1.0, 3.0, or 5.0. Protein extracts from the ...
Siqueira Juliana Menezes - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to estimate the effects of introduction of acetylsalicylic acid solution into peritoneal implants in autologous endometrium as a method for treating endometriosis. Forty adult female rabbits were subdivided into 4 groups of 10 rabbits each, and endometriosis was induced via autotransplantation of endometrial fragments ...
Rowland Steven J SJ Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK. - - 2011
The large volumes, acute toxicity, estrogenicity, and antiandrogenicity of process-affected waters accruing in tailings ponds from the operations of the Alberta oil sands industries pose a significant task for environmental reclamation. Synchronous fluorescence spectra (SFS) suggest that oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) may contain aromatic carboxylic acids, which are among ...
White N R - - 2011
The objective of this experiment was to determine if dietary inclusion of fish meal would increase plasma and luteal tissue concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. Seventeen nonlactating Angus cows (2 to 8 yr of age) were housed in individual pens and fed a corn silage-based diet for approximately 60 ...
Molina-Hernández Miguel - - 2011
Folic acid is antidepressant, either alone or combined with several antidepressant drugs. However, the antidepressant-like actions of folic acid combined with intra-lateral septal (LSN) infusions of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the forced swimming test (FST) have not been tested before. Thus, systemic injections of fluoxetine (20.0mg/kg, P<0.05; s.c.) or 17-β ...
Guillaume Dom - - 2011
Argan oil has been used in Morocco as food and applied to the skin for centuries. Virgin argan oil of edible or beauty grade is composed of 99-percent acylglycerides (primarily triglycerides). Fatty acids that compose acylglycerides are principally oleic and linoleic acid, 43-49 percent and 29-36 percent, respectively. Unsaponifiable matter, ...
Achiraman Shanmugam - - 2011
Species-specific chemical signals released through urine, sweat, saliva and feces are involved in communication between animals. Urinary biochemical constituents along with pheromones may contribute to variation across reproductive cycles and facilitate to estrus detection. Hence, the present study was designed to analyze such biochemical profiles, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, ...
Laframboise Alyson J - - 2011
The wild perciform teleost Neogobius melanostomus (the round goby) originated from the Ponto-Caspian region and is now a highly successful invasive species in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Males may attract females into their nests for spawning by releasing reproductive pheromones, and it has been previously shown that reproductive males synthesize ...
Tian Zhen - - 2011
Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4) is highly expressed in the secondary decidual zone of mouse decidua and deciduoma and stromal cells under in vitro decidualization. Dtprp, a well-known marker of in vitro decidualization, is diminished by small interfering RNA against Fabp4 and FABP4 inhibitor and stimulated through Fabp4 overexpression.
Porto Brenda Lee Simas - - 2011
Qualitative differentiation between natural and enriched chicken eggs through omega (ω) 3 fatty acid profiles by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) under direct UV detection at 200 nm is proposed. The electrolyte background consisted of 12.0 mmol L(-1) tetraborate buffer (pH 9.2) mixed with 12.0 mmol L(-1) Brij 35, 17% acetonitrile ...
Borkar Aditi Narendra - - 2011
Protein denaturation plays a crucial role in cellular processes. In this study, denaturation of HIV-1 Protease (PR) was investigated by all-atom MD simulations in explicit solvent. The PR dimer and monomer were simulated separately in 9 M acetic acid (9 M AcOH) solution and water to study the denaturation process ...
Chiabrando Valentina V Dipartimento di Colture Arboree, Facoltà di Agraria, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2011
The potential of 1-methylcyclopropene for controlling ripening in 'Lateblue' blueberry fruit was explored. After harvest, blueberry fruits were exposed to 1-MCP (0.3 and 0.6μll(-1)). After treatment, samples were stored in air at 0°C for 35days and in a controlled atmosphere (3kPa O2+11kPa CO2) for 60days. Quality parameters were monitored (weight ...
Molatová Z - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine whether and to what extent the supplementation of feed with a coated or non-coated mixture of fatty acids (caprylic and capric acid) affects broiler chickens experimentally infected with Campylobacter jejuni. The study was carried out using 48 chickens divided into four experimental ...
Berdeaux Olivier - - 2010
The retina is one of the vertebrate tissues with the highest content in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). A large proportion of retinal phospholipids, especially those found in photoreceptor membranes, are dipolyunsaturated molecular species. Among them, dipolyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecular species are known to contain very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFA) from ...
Gupte Renuka R Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, - - 2010
Cyclic phosphatidic acid (CPA) is a naturally occurring analog of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in which the sn-2 hydroxy group forms a five-membered ring with the sn-3 phosphate. Here, we describe the synthesis of R-3-CCPA and S-3-CCPA along with their pharmacological properties as inhibitors of lysophospholipase D/autotaxin, agonists of the LPA(5) ...
Petelska Aneta D - - 2011
Monolayers of phosphatidylcholine, fatty acid and amine and binary mixtures phosphatidylcholine-fatty acid or phosphatidylcholine-amine were investigated at the air/water interface. Phosphatidylcholine (lecithin, PC), stearic acid (SA), palmitic acid (PA), decanoic acid (DA) and decylamine (DE) were used to the experiment. The surface tension values of pure and mixed monolayers were ...
Oishi-Tanaka Yumiko - - 2010
A recent study in Molecular Cell (Tsukahara et al., 2010) identifies cyclic phosphatidic acid (CPA) as a naturally occurring PPARgamma antagonist that can be generated from lysophospholipids by signal-dependent activation of phospholipase D2. This endogenous CPA regulates PPARgamma functions required for adipogenesis, glucose homeostasis, and vascular wall biology.
Lee Junghoon - - 2011
Phospholipase D (PLD) is capable of hydrolyzing membrane phospholipids, producing phosphatidic acid. To alter phospholipid profiles in soybean seed, we attenuated PLD enzyme activity by an RNA interference construct using the partial sequence from a soybean PLDα gene. Two transgenic soybean lines were established by particle inflow gun (PIG) bombardment ...
Koeberle Andreas - - 2010
Sertoli cells supply germ cells with nutrients, including highly polyunsaturated fatty acids (hPUFAs), which are essential for testicular function. We have previously reported high expression of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT)3 in mature mouse testis and suggested an arachidonoyl-transferase activity to LPA. To investigate the role of LPAAT3 in the storage ...
Yamashita Atsushi - - 2010
GPR55 is a seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor that has been proposed as a novel type of cannabinoid receptor. Previously, we identified lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI), in particular 2-arachidonoyl-LPI, as an agonist for GPR55. In the present study, we examined whether intracellular phospholipase A1 (DDHD domain containing 1, or DDHD1), previously identified as phosphatidic ...
Rajakumari Sona - - 2010
Triacylglycerol (TAG) hydrolysis, membrane lipid biosynthesis, and lipid turnover are largely interlinked processes. In yeast, TAG is mobilized by three TAG lipases named Tgl3p, Tgl4p, and Tgl5p, which are localized to lipid particles/droplets. These TAG lipases posses a conserved GXSXG motif that is characteristic of hydrolytic enzymes. Here, we demonstrated ...
Sueldo Daniela J - - 2010
*In animals and plants, extracellular ATP exerts its effects by regulating the second messengers Ca(2+), nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). In animals, phospholipid-derived molecules, such as diacylglycerol, phosphatidic acid (PA) and inositol phosphates, have been associated with the extracellular ATP signaling pathway. The involvement of phospholipids in ...
Duclos Richard I RI Jr Center for Drug Discovery, Northeastern University, 116 Mugar Life Sciences Building, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
2-O-Arachidonoyl-1-O-stearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine was synthesized with carbon-13 enrichment of the three glycerol carbons and the carbonyl of the stearoyl group. Phospholipase A(2) was utilized to give optically pure lyso-PC, and only 3% acyl migration occurred during reacylation with arachidonic acid anhydride. This phospholipid is an important biosynthetic precursor of arachidonic acid metabolites ...
Epand Richard M - - 2009
The beef heart adenine nucleotide carrier protein (Anc) of the inner mitochondrial membrane can be purified in a form stabilized by binding the inhibitor carboxyatractyloside. The protein is copurified with bound lipid. We show for the first time that phosphatidic acid, although a minor component, is one of the lipids ...
Kanzawa Noriyuki - - 2009
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) play various roles in cell-cell and cell-environment interactions. GPI is synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) from phosphatidylinositol (PI) through step-wise reactions including transfers of monosaccharides and preassembled GPI is transferred en bloc to proteins. Cellular PI contains mostly diacyl glycerol and unsaturated fatty acid in the ...
Le Guédard Marina - - 2009
In yeast, both phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylserine are synthesized from cytidine diphosphate-diacylglycerol. Because, as in other eukaryotes, phosphatidylinositol contains more saturated fatty acids than phosphatidylserine (and other phospholipids), it has been hypothesized that either phosphatidylinositol is synthesized from distinct cytidine diphosphate-diacylglycerol molecules, or that, after its synthesis, it is modified by ...
Le Grandois Julie - - 2009
This study is a contribution to the exploration of natural phospholipid (PL) sources rich in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) with nutritional interest. Phosphatidylcholines (PCs) were purified from total lipid extracts of different food matrices, and their molecular species were separated and identified by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS(2)). ...
Marra Carlos A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The influence of cytoskeletal integrity on fatty-acid (FA) metabolism is an almost unexplored field of biochemical research. This study therefore investigated the influence of cytoskeletal integrity on the incorporation of palmitate and eicosa-8,11,14-trienoate into glycerolipids of Hep G2 human hepatoma cells. MATERIAL/METHODS: Attached cultures and suspended cells were exposed ...
Grando F C C - - 2009
To determine the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidylcholine (PC) on macrophage activity, peritoneal lavage cells were cultured in the presence of phosphatidylcholine rich in saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (sat PC and unsat PC, respectively), both used at concentrations of 32 and 64 microM. The treatment ...
Morita Shin-ya - - 2009
In this work, we developed a novel enzymatic method for measuring phosphatidic acid (PA) in cultured cells. The enzymatic reaction sequence of the method involves hydrolysis of PA to produce glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), which is then oxidized by G3P oxidase to generate hydrogen peroxide. In the presence of peroxidase, hydrogen peroxide ...
Kooijman Edgar Eduard - - 2009
Phosphatidic acid is the simplest (diacyl)glycerophospholipid present in cells and is now a well established second messenger with direct biological functions. It is specifically recognized by diverse proteins and plays an important role in cellular signaling and membrane dynamics in all eukaryotes. An important determinant of the biological functions of ...
Bates Philip D - - 2009
The reactions leading to triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis in oilseeds have been well characterized. However, quantitative analyses of acyl group and glycerol backbone fluxes that comprise extraplastidic phospholipid and TAG synthesis, including acyl editing and phosphatidylcholine-diacylglycerol interconversion, are lacking. To investigate these fluxes, we rapidly labeled developing soybean (Glycine max) embryos ...
Cockcroft Shamshad - - 2009
Phosphatidic acid (PA) production by receptor-stimulated phospholipase D is believed to play an important role in the regulation of cell function. The second messenger function of PA remains to be elucidated. PA can bind and affect the activities of different enzymes and here we summarise the current status of activation ...
Beranek Andreas A Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstrasse 50/II, Graz A-8010, - - 2009
The mitochondrial dimeric phospholipid cardiolipin is characterized by a high degree of unsaturation of its acyl chains, which is important for its functional interaction with mitochondrial enzymes. The unusual fatty acid composition of cardiolipin molecular species emerges from a de novo synthesized "premature" species by extensive acyl chain remodeling that ...
Tilley Dana M - - 2008
CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CCT) catalyzes the conversion of phosphocholine and cytidine 5'-triphosphate (CTP) to CDP-choline for the eventual synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC). The enzyme is regulated by reversible association with cellular membranes, with the rate of catalysis increasing following membrane association. Two isoforms of CCT appear to be present in higher ...
Santos-Filho Norival A - - 2008
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2, EC 3.1.1.4), a major component of snake venoms, specifically catalyzes the hydrolysis of fatty acid ester bonds at position 2 of 1,2-diacyl-sn-3-phosphoglycerides in the presence of calcium. This article reports the purification and biochemical/functional characterization of BmooTX-I, a new myotoxic acidic phospholipase A2 from Bothrops moojeni snake ...
Yurkova Irina L - - 2008
Mitochondria are an important intracellular source of ROS as well as a sensitive target for oxidative damage under certain pathological conditions such as iron or copper overload. Mitochondrial membranes are rich in the tetraacyl phospholipid cardiolipin. Its integrity is important for efficient oxidative phosphorylation. Mouse liver mitochondria were subjected to ...
Pasquaré S J - - 2008
We have demonstrated that the competition between phosphatidic acid (PA) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P) for lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPP) generates different levels of diacylglycerol (DAG) depending on the illumination state of the retina. The aim of the present research was to determine the ...
Yang Jia-Shu JS Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2008
Proteins essential for vesicle formation by the Coat Protein I (COPI) complex are being identified, but less is known about the role of specific lipids. Brefeldin-A ADP-ribosylated substrate (BARS) functions in the fission step of COPI vesicle formation. Here, we show that BARS induces membrane curvature in cooperation with phosphatidic ...
Young Claire C Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, United - - 2009
To evaluate the localization of phospholipase C zeta (PLC zeta) in non-capacitated, capacitated, and ionophore-treated sperm. Phospholipase C zeta was cloned from the hamster, an important model organism for studying fertilization. Next, we used hamster and mouse models to investigate the localization of PLC zeta in non-capacitated and capacitated sperm ...
Matsuda Shinji - - 2008
Glycerophospholipids in biological membranes are metabolically active and participate in a series of deacylation-reacylation reactions, which may lead to accumulation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) at the sn-2 position of the glycerol backbone. The reacylation reaction is believed to be catalyzed by acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA):lysophospholipid acyltransferase. Very recently, we have ...
Malanovic Nermina N Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstrasse 50/II, Graz, - - 2008
In eukaryotes, S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (Sah1) offers a single way for degradation of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine, a product and potent competitive inhibitor of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferases. De novo phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis requires three AdoMet-dependent methylation steps. Here we show that down-regulation of SAH1 expression in yeast leads to accumulation of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine and decreased ...
Di Venosa Gabriela - - 2008
Liposomes of different compositions have been designed to improve delivery of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and its esterified derivatives ALA-Hexyl ester (He-ALA) and ALA-Undecanoyl ester (Und-ALA) for its use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Egg yolk phosphatidyl choline (PC), phosphatidic acid (PA) and phosphatidyl glycerol (PG) were employed in the preparation of ...
Miller Rhea M - - 2008
Pseudomonas aeruginosa demonstrates type IV pilus-mediated directional twitching motility up a gradient of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Only one of four extracellular phospholipases C of P. aeruginosa (i.e., PlcB), while not required for twitching motility per se, is required for twitching-mediated migration up a gradient of PE or phosphatidylcholine. Whether other lipid ...
Scapa Erez F EF Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2008
Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (PC-TP, also known as StarD2) is a highly specific intracellular lipid binding protein with accentuated expression in oxidative tissues. Here we show that decreased plasma concentrations of glucose and free fatty acids in fasting PC-TP-deficient (Pctp(-/-)) mice are attributable to increased hepatic insulin sensitivity. In hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp ...
Ushida Yusuke - - 2008
The aim of this study was to point out the potential of tartary buckwheat on vascular functions. A nonabsorbed fraction of hot-water extract of tartary buckwheat on a SP70 column (TBSP-T), which was free from rutin, was used for this aim. In a contractile experiment using Sprague-Dawley rat thoracic aorta ...
Pruitt Nancy L - - 2008
Abstract Third-instar larvae of the goldenrod gall fly Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera: Tephritidae) are freeze tolerant in winter. During freezing, cell membranes must compensate for both low temperature and partial dehydration. Documented adaptations to low temperature include increased fatty acid unsaturation and enrichment of cone-shaped phosphatides, both of which inhibit formation ...
Ghosh Ananda K - - 2008
One of the major determinants of organic solvent tolerance is the increase in membrane phospholipids. Here we report for the first time that an increase in the synthesis of phosphatidic acid is responsible for enhanced phospholipid synthesis that confers tolerance to the organic solvent in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This increase in ...
Zhao Yang - - 2008
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is synthesized through the Kennedy pathway, but more than 50% of PC is remodeled through the Lands cycle, i.e. the deacylation and reacylation of PC to attain the final and proper fatty acids within PC. The reacylation step is catalyzed by lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT), and we report here ...
Zhang Xu Hannah XH Division of Experimental Diabetes and Aging, Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, - - 2007
The G1 phase of the cell cycle is marked by the rapid turnover of phospholipids. This turnover is regulated by CTP:phosphocholine-cytidylyltransferase (CCT) and group VIA Ca(2+)-independent-phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)). We previously reported that inhibition of iPLA(2) arrests cells in G1 phase of the cell cycle by activating the p53-p21 checkpoint. Here ...
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