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Results 401 - 450 of 1918
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Nishitani Yoko - - 2007
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, but it still remains unknown whether saturated or unsaturated fatty acid affects IL-10 production in hepatocytes that contribute to lipid metabolism. Primary rat hepatocyte cultures were treated with different fatty acids (18:0 stearic acid, 18:1 oleic acid; 18:2 linoleic acid, 18:3 linolenic acid) ...
Maoka Takashi - - 2007
Fucoxanthin and fucoxanthinol fatty acid esters in the clam, Mactra chinensis, were characterized on the basis of 1H NMR and FAB-MS spectra. 1H NMR revealed that the hydroxy group at C-3 in fucoxanthin and fucoxanthinol was acylated. 3'-O-Acylated compounds such as fucoxanthinol 3'-ester or fucoxanthinol 3,3'-diester were not found in ...
Bae Jae-Han - - 2007
Hydroxy fatty acids are considered as important value-added product for industrial application because of their special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity. Microbial production of the hydroxy fatty acids from various fatty acid substrates have been actively studied using several microorganisms. The new bacterial isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PR3) had ...
Kondoh Yumi - - 2007
In order to examine the effects of trans-unsaturated fatty acids (TFAs) on HepG2 cells, cells were grown in serum-free media supplemented with elaidic acid (t18:1); t18:1 is the trans-isomer of oleic acid and is the major component of TFAs in foods. Both t18:1 and palmitic acids (16:0) at concentrations higher ...
Ji Hong - - 2007
Fast-atom bombardment (FAB) mass spectrometry in the negative ion mode can be used to unambiguously distinguish between cis and trans isomers of monounsaturated fatty acids by the relative signal strengths of an intense pair of ion signals. Under normal FAB ionization/desorption conditions, the deprotonated molecules (i.e., [M - H]-) of ...
Zhuge Bin - - 2007
The gene encoding pectate lyase (PL) from Bacillus subtilis WSHB04-02 was amplified by PCR, fused with a periplasmic secretion signal peptide sequence, pelB, from pET22b(+), cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli cells using a temperature control vector, pHsh. The recombinant E. coil was grown in a 5 l fermentor. PL ...
Rezanka Tomás - - 2007
A method is described for the enrichment of very long chain unsaturated fatty acids from total fatty acids of Ximenia oil and their identification as picolinyl esters by means of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (LC-MS/APCI). The method is based on the use of preparative reversed phase ...
Wyss C - - 2007
OMIZ-W68, a chemically defined medium that contains no long-chain fatty acids and yet supports in vitro proliferation of a wide range of fastidious oral anaerobes, is described. The type strains of Treponema denticola, Treponema lecithinolyticum, Treponema maltophilum, Treponema pectinovorum, Treponema socranskii, and an as yet unpublished canine Treponema species could ...
Pesakhov Stella - - 2007
As part of its aerobic metabolism, Streptococcus pneumoniae generates high levels of H(2)O(2) by pyruvate oxidase (SpxB), which can be further reduced to yield the damaging hydroxyl radicals via the Fenton reaction. A universal conserved adaptation response observed among bacteria is the adjustment of the membrane fatty acids to various ...
Burdi Dadu Khan - - 2007
The leaves of Abies pindrow, collected from Murree Hills, Punjab (Pakistan) revealed the presence of eleven fatty acids including eight saturated and three unsaturated fatty acids. They ranged from C(14) to C(24) and were detected as methyl esters by GC-MS technique. The saturated fatty acids were present in much greater ...
Kangani Cyrous O - - 2007
Cyclic nitrogen moieties have proved to be of great value for the mass spectrometric location of double bonds in polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, their synthesis has traditionally required long reaction times and/or high temperatures. Recently, we introduced a one-pot, high-yield, mild and efficient method for the synthesis of various fatty ...
Misra Arun Kumar - - 2007
Interaction study of paracetamol with saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, namely, capric and oleic acid have been performed by using serial dilution method, release behavior, FT-IR, and DSC study. Preliminary investigations by release studies indicated the possibility of interaction between paracetamol and fatty acids. UV-studies failed to detect any interaction ...
Plasenzotti R - - 2007
The rheologic properties of red blood cells (RBC) are determined by humoral and cellular factors. Fatty acid composition of the RBC phospholipid bilayer is one factor influencing membrane fluidity this could affect RBC aggregation because of a higher bias of RBC deformability. The present investigation was performed to investigate a ...
Cerantola Vanessa - - 2007
Synthesis of VLCFAs (very long chain fatty acids) and biosynthesis of DHS (dihydrosphingosine) both are of vital importance for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The bulk of VLCFAs and DHS are used for ceramide synthesis by the Lag1p (longevity-assurance gene 1)/Lac1p (longevity-assurance gene cognate 1)/Lip1p (Lag1p/Lac1p interacting protein) ceramide synthase. LAG1 and LAC1 ...
Gakwaya Robert - - 2007
A series of positionally pure triglycerides (TAGs) of the form LXL, YLY, AXA, and YAY was synthesized and analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. L and A represent the linoleate and arachidate moieties, respectively, and X and Y represent large arrays of fatty acid moieties of various chain ...
Imaishi Hiromasa - - 2007
A cDNA encoding a cytochrome P450 (CYP76B9) was isolated from Petunia hybrida. Northern blot analysis revealed preferential expression of the gene in flowers and leaves. The recombinant yeast microsomes expressing CYP76B9 was allowed to react with capric acid and lauric acid as substrates. One major metabolite was produced from each ...
Oursel Delphine - - 2007
The lipids that are essential to the functioning of the bacterial membrane exist in hundreds of different forms. The reasons for this diversity are far from clear but are presumably related to the roles of these lipids in both facilitating enzymic activities and generating proteolipid domains. A full understanding of ...
Székely Andrea - - 2007
Potassium (K(+)) channels of human peripheral lymphocytes play a considerable role in the signalling processes required for immune responses. Modification of the fatty acid composition of the membrane influences the functions of various membrane enzymes and ion channels. We set out to establish how the incorporation of fatty acids with ...
Naumann Ivonne - - 2007
Sulfoglycolipids, isolated from different phototrophic organisms, particularly plants and algae, have already been identified as bioactive compounds. In addition to their antiviral activity their influence on the immune response in mammalian cells is the focus of many studies. For the first time it has been possible to investigate purified sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols ...
Watabe Naoki - - 2007
Oxidation decomposition of unsaturated fatty acids with singlet oxygen generated from a photosensitizing agent was investigated in liposome bilayer membranes under a light irradiation condition. The liposome of which the bilayer membrane was composed of L-alpha-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), and an unsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic ...
Pleite Rafael - - 2006
We have performed an "in vivo" study of storage lipid synthesis in developing sunflower seeds, from several high-oleic genetic backgrounds, using radioactive acetate in conjunction with methyl viologen as an inhibitor of the stearoyl-ACP desaturase. As such, some backgrounds showed stronger acyl-ACP thioesterase activity on stearoyl-ACP. We have developed a ...
Ohta Masaya - - 2007
Of the lipid extracts of the defense secretion from the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, on high-performance thin-layer chromatography analysis, no glycolipids or phospholipids were detected, but free fatty acids and three novel ceramides were found (termed TL-1, TL-2, and TL-3). Free fatty acids were confirmed to be lignoceric ...
Or-Rashid M M - - 2007
Knowledge of the fatty acid profile of microbial lipids is of great nutritional importance to the animals and, subsequently, their products. This study was conducted to examine the fatty acid profiles of mixed rumen bacteria and protozoa. Bacterial and protozoal cells were isolated by differential centrifugation of rumen contents. The ...
Klumpp S - - 2006
This mini-review highlights the involvement of PP2C (protein phosphatase type 2C) family members alpha and beta in apoptosis. The activity of these isoenzymes can be stimulated by unsaturated fatty acids with special structural features, e.g. oleic acid. Those fatty acids capable of activating PP2Calpha and PP2Cbeta in vitro induce apoptosis ...
Aguilar Pablo S - - 2006
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) have profound effects on the fluidity and function of biological membranes. Microorganisms, plants and animals regulate the synthesis of UFAs during changing environmental conditions as well as in response to nutrients. UFAs homeostasis in many organisms is achieved by feedback regulation of fatty acid desaturase gene ...
John Wallace R - - 2006
The aim of this study was to identify ruminal bacteria that form stearic acid (18 : 0) from linoleic acid (cis-9,cis-12-18 : 2). One 18 : 0-producing isolate, P-18, isolated from the sheep rumen was similar in morphology and metabolic properties to 'Fusocillus' spp. isolated many years ago. Phylogenetic analysis ...
Lee Seon Hwa - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can mediate damage to cellular macromolecules and lipids. Lipid peroxidation is considered to be a major pathway by which ROS can cause tissue damage and alterations in cell membranes. Other factors affecting oxidative damage include the target molecules such as fatty acids, which are readily oxidized ...
Prasitchoke Phatthanon - - 2007
To understand the biosynthetic network of fatty acids in the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha, which is able to produce poly-unsaturated fatty acids, we have attempted to identify genes encoding fatty acid elongase. Here we have characterized HpELO1, a fatty acid elongase gene encoding a 319-amino-acid protein containing five predicted membrane-spanning ...
Voszka István - - 2007
Small unilamellar liposomes were made of dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine and dioleoyl-phosphatidylcholine, and photosensitized by a symmetrically or an asymmetrically substituted glycosilated tetraphenyl-porphyrin derivative. As differential scanning calorimetry and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) revealed these porphyrin derivatives were localized in different depth within the lipid bilayer. Both porphyrin derivatives were able to ...
Valsecchi Manuela - - 2007
The ceramide (Cer) and sphingomyelin (SM) species of cultured differentiated rat cerebellar granule cells and human fibroblasts were characterized by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. We identified 35 different species of Cer and 18 species of SM in human fibroblasts, and 35 different species of Cer and 9 species of SM were ...
Chang In-Ae - - 2007
Hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) have gained importance because of their special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity compared with other non-hydroxy fatty acids. The bacterial isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PR3) was reported to produce mono-, di-, and trihydroxy fatty acids from different unsaturated fatty acids. Of those, 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD) ...
Curtis Patrick D - - 2006
Organisms that colonize solid surfaces, like Myxococcus xanthus, use novel signalling systems to organize multicellular behaviour. Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) containing the fatty acid 16:1omega5 (Delta11) elicits a chemotactic response. The phenomenon was examined by observing the effects of PE species with varying fatty acid pairings. Wild-type M. xanthus contains 17 different ...
Tokuşoğlu Ozlem - - 2006
The nutritional composition (moisture, ash, crude protein, available carbohydrates, total lipids), energy value, some quality characteristics (yolk weight, albumen weight and shell weight), cholesterol level and fatty acid profiles of quail egg were determined (p<0.01). The protein content of quail egg was higher than laying hen's egg. The fatty acid ...
Rodríguez-Vargas Sonia - - 2007
Unsaturated fatty acids play an essential role in the biophysical characteristics of cell membranes and determine the proper function of membrane-attached proteins. Thus, the ability of cells to alter the degree of unsaturation in their membranes is an important factor in cellular acclimatization to environmental conditions. Many eukaryotic organisms can ...
Zieger Michael A J - - 2006
Ultraprofound hypothermia (< 5 degrees C) induces changes to cell membranes such as liquid-to-gel lipid transitions and oxidative stress that have a negative effect on membrane function and cell survival. We hypothesized that fatty acid substitution of endothelial cell lipids and alterations in their unsaturation would modify cell survival at ...
Gagné Sébastien - - 2007
Imbalanced fatty acid metabolism contributes significantly to the increased incidence of metabolic disorders. Isotope-labeled fatty acids (2H, 13C) provide efficient means to trace fatty acid metabolism in vivo. This study reports a new and rapid method for the quantification of deuterium-labeled fatty acids in plasma by HPLC-MS. The sample preparation ...
Dołegowska B - - 2006
This study was concerned with the dynamics of fatty acids in tissues involved in the growth and mineralization of the femur of Starbro chicks from 1 to 50 days of age. Four chickens that died of suffocation were obtained each day. Altogether, 400 femoral bones were studied in five age ...
Yonezawa Yuko - - 2006
We reported previously that unsaturated linear-chain fatty acids of the cis-configuration with a C18-hydrocarbon chain such as linoleic acid (cis-9, 12-octadecadienoic acid, C18:2) could potently inhibit the activity of mammalian DNA polymerases (Biochim Biophys Acta 1308: 256-262, 1996). In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of cis-type C22-fatty acids ...
Kawashima Hideki - - 2006
The occurrence of positional isomers of minor C(24) unsaturated fatty acids in female gonad lipids of the limpet Cellana grata was clarified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the combination of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline and picolinyl ester derivatives. In this study, in addition to 5,9-24:2, 9,15-24:2, 5,9,15-24:3, and 5,9,17-24:3, previously identified, 24:4n-6, ...
López Antonio - - 2006
The fatty acid composition of 67 commercial presentations of table olives was determined. The most abundant fatty acids, in decreasing order of presence, were C18:1, C16:0, C18:2 n-6, and C18:0. The ranges, expressed as grams of fatty acids per 100 g of edible portion, for the different nutritional fractions were ...
Senanayake Saranga - - 2007
We examined whether macrophages from men and women with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibited differences in expression of key genes involved in fatty acid metabolism and in fatty acid composition compared with macrophages from non-diabetic controls. Peripheral blood monocytes from subjects with T2DM (n=9) and non-diabetic controls (n=10) were ...
Ribeiro C V D M - - 2006
Accurate determination of fatty acids in fresh forage is very important when studying biohydrogenation. Fatty acids from fresh alfalfa were extracted by hexane:isopropanol (H:IP, 3:2 vol/vol) in 3 sequential extractions. The percentage and profile of fatty acids from each of the 3 extractions were evaluated by a randomized complete block ...
Chintalapati Suresh - - 2006
Acyl-lipid desaturases are enzymes that convert a C-C single bond into a C=C double bond in fatty acids that are esterified to membrane-bound glycerolipids. Four types of acyl-lipid desaturase, namely DesA, DesB, DesC, and DesD, acting at the Delta12, Delta15, Delta9, and Delta6 positions of fatty acids respectively, have been ...
Sayanova Olga - - 2006
The free-living soil protozoon Acanthamoeba castellanii synthesizes a range of polyunsaturated fatty acids, the balance of which can be altered by environmental changes. We have isolated and functionally characterized in yeast a microsomal desaturase from A. castellanii, which catalyzes the sequential conversion of C(16) and C(18) Delta9-monounsaturated fatty acids to ...
Tesedo Javier - - 2006
The fatty acid compositions of egg yolks subjected to industrial processing treatments, namely, homogenization, pasteurization, drying, and "omega-3-enrichment", were studied. In general, the total contents of C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 n-9, and C18:2 n-6 fatty acids accounted for close to 90% of the total fatty acids. Statistical analysis of the data ...
Aitken R John - - 2006
CONTEXT: Defective sperm function is the largest defined cause of human infertility; however, the etiology of this condition is poorly understood. Although oxidative stress is acknowledged as a key contributor to this pathology, there are also data indicating that defective human spermatozoa contain abnormally high amounts of cis-unsaturated fatty acids. ...
Suzuki K - - 2006
This study estimated genetic parameters for fatty acids of different sites of fat tissue, meat production, and meat quality traits of Duroc pigs selected during 7 generations for ADG, LM area, backfat thickness (BF), and intramuscular fat (IMF). For this study, 394 barrows and 153 gilts were slaughtered at 105 ...
Edirisinghe Indika - - 2006
The metabolic syndrome, Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes and obesity are associated with endothelial dysfunction and increased plasma concentrations of NEFAs (non-esterified fatty acids; free fatty acids). The present study was undertaken to define the inhibitory effects of saturated NEFAs on EDR (endothelium-dependent relaxation). Experiments were performed in rings of rabbit ...
Szachowicz-Petelska Barbara - - 2007
Polyunsaturated free fatty acids (PUFAs) participate in normal functioning of the cell, particularly in control intracellular cell signalling. As nutritional components they compose a human diet with an indirect promoting influence on tumourogenesis. The PUFAs level depends on the functional state of the membrane. This work is focused on changes ...
Itoh Takafumi - - 2006
Bacillus subtilis strain 168 YteR has been identified as a novel enzyme "unsaturated rhamnogalacturonyl hydrolase" classified in glycoside hydrolase family 105. This enzyme acts specifically on unsaturated rhamnogalacturonan (RG) produced from plant cell wall RG type-I treated with RG lyases, releasing unsaturated galacturonic acid (DeltaGalA) from the substrate. The most ...
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