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Results 351 - 400 of 1903
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Fernández E - - 2007
An ion-exchange process has been used to prepare HOT from NaOT (sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate), where the Na(+) counterion has been replaced by H(+). The acidity function, H(0), of the aqueous core of HOT-based microemulsions decreases with W from H(0) approximately 0.6 at W>20 to H(0)=-1.4 at W=2. On the basis of ...
Yazawa Hisashi - - 2007
To make dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) (20:3n-6) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we introduced Kluyveromyces lactis Delta12 fatty acid desaturase, rat Delta6 fatty acid desaturase, and rat elongase genes. Because Fad2p is able to convert the endogenous oleic acid to linoleic acid, this allowed DGLA biosynthesis without the need to supply exogenous fatty ...
Li D - - 2007
AIMS: Isolation and characterization of unsaturated fatty acids during bacteriorhodopsin preparation from Halobacterium halobium. METHODS AND RESULTS: Halobacterium halobium was cultivated in a composite medium. Cells were collected by centrifugation followed by ultrasonic disruption, and the resulting suspension was subject to centrifugation for preparation of both pellet and supernatant. The ...
Ferreri Carla - - 2007
The double bond geometry of most of the naturally occurring unsaturated fatty acid residues is cis. Due to the relevance of fatty acids as structural components of cell membranes and as biologically active molecules, the change of the cis geometry means a change of the associated functions and activities. The ...
Yara Asanori - - 2007
Linolenic acid (18:3) is the most abundant fatty acid in plant membrane lipids and is a source for various oxidized metabolites, called oxylipins. 18:3 and oxylipins play important roles in the induction of defense responses to pathogen infection and wound stress in Arabidopsis. However, in rice, endogenous roles for 18:3 ...
Yi Lunzhao - - 2007
Fatty acids, having intimate relationship with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), are not only the main energy source as nutrients, but also signaling molecules in insulin secretion. In this work, we developed a two-step rapid method to comprehensive profiling of esterified fatty acid (EFA) and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) using ...
Chintalapati Suresh - - 2007
Antarctic psychrotolerant, Nostoc sp. (SO-36), when grown at 25 degrees C and then shifted to 10 degrees C, showed an increase in the tri-unsaturated fatty acid [C(18:3(9,12,15))] at the expense of mono- [C(18:1(9))] and di-unsaturated [C(18:2(9,12))] fatty acids. These results indicate that the activities of the enzymes DesA and DesB ...
Lee M R F - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of green odor fatty acid oxidation products (FAOP) from cut grass on lipid metabolism and microbial ecology using in vitro incubations of rumen microorganisms. These compounds have antimicrobial roles in plant defense, and we hypothesized that they may influence rumen lipid metabolism. Further, they may ...
Diakogiannaki Eleftheria - - 2007
Long-chain saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids differ in their propensity to induce beta-cell death in vitro with palmitate (C16:0) being cytotoxic, whereas palmitoleate (C16:1n-7) is cytoprotective. We now show that this cytoprotective capacity extends to a poorly metabolised C16:1n-7 derivative, methyl-palmitoleate (0.25 mM palmitate alone: 92 +/- 4% death after ...
Vetter Walter - - 2007
Methyl-branched fatty acids (MBFAs) are the dominant form of fatty acid found in many bacteria. They are also found at low levels in a range of foodstuffs, where their presence has been linked to bacterial sources. In this study we evaluated the potential of compound-specific isotope analysis to obtain insights ...
Brzek Pawel - - 2007
Proximal mechanisms describing the evolution of high levels of basal metabolic rate (BMR) in endotherms are one of the most intriguing problems of evolutionary physiology. Because BMR mostly reflects metabolic activity of internal organs, evolutionary increase in BMR could have been realized by an increase in relative organ size and/or ...
Xu Tao - - 2008
This paper reports the results from a study of the organic composition of rainwater collected at Tianhe district of Guangzhou city, P.R. China, during the dry season. Several special setups of a pyrex bottle with a glass funnel were used for the collection of the rainwater. Three fractions (aliphatics, PAHs ...
Mosley Erin E - - 2007
There is limited methodology available to quantitatively assess the activity of the Delta9-desaturase enzyme in vivo without chemically inhibiting the enzyme or using radioactively labeled substrates. The objective of these experiments was to develop methodology to determine the incorporation and desaturation of 13C-labeled fatty acids into milk lipids. In a ...
de Carvalho Carla C C R - - 2007
Both carveol and carvone were effective in dispersing Rhodococcus erythropolis cells that were being stimulated to aggregate by the presence of organic solvents. The two terpenes influenced the fatty acid composition of the cell membrane, decreasing the percentage of fatty acids with more than 16 carbon atoms, and thus cell ...
Mi-Ichi F - - 2007
Serum-derived fatty acids are essential for the intraerythrocytic proliferation of Plasmodium falciparum in humans. We previously reported that only limited combinations of fatty acids can support long-term parasite culture, and palmitic acid (C16:0)/oleic acid (C18:1, n-9), palmitic acid (C16:0)/vaccenic acid (C18:1, n-7), or stearic acid (C18:0) are required in these ...
Imbs Andrey B - - 2007
Ten zooxanthellae-free Dendronephthya species , twelve zooxanthellate soft coral species of the genera Sarcophyton, Lobophytum, Cladiella, Lytophyton, Cespitularia, and Clavularia, and the hermatypic coral Caulastrea tumida were examined for the first time to elucidate the fatty acid (FA) composition of total lipids. In Dendronephthya species, the main FAs were 20:4n-6, ...
Richter Katrin - - 2007
Localization of fatty acids in biological tissues was made by using TOF-SIMS (time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry). Two cell-types with a specific fatty acid distribution are shown. In rat cerebellum, different distribution patterns of stearic acid (C18:0), palmitic acid (C16:0), and oleic acid (C18:1) were found. Stearic acid signals were ...
Gao Yu - - 2007
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of high-saturated and high-unsaturated fatty acid diets on relaxation and contraction of the renal arteries in insulin resistance (IR) rats. Wistar rats were fed normal chow diet (control), high-saturated fatty acid diet or high-unsaturated fatty acid diet for 6 months (n=14 ...
Kusumoto K - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate promotive effect of hyperthermia on the carcinostatic activity of synthesized omega-hydroxy fatty acids (omega HFAs) and their ethylesters agaist Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells. METHODS: EAT cells were cultured with either omegaHFAs or their ethylester derivatives in a water bath at either 37 degrees C or 42 ...
Young J Christopher - - 2007
Synthetic mixtures of 24 mono- and diesters of the asymmetric hydroxylated carotenoid lutein with lauric, myristic, palmitic, and stearic acids were analyzed by liquid chromatography-ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy (LC-UV-vis) and characterized by LC-mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). These compounds were then used for identifying the composition of a ...
Di Pasqua Rosangela - - 2007
Natural antimicrobial compounds perform their action mainly against cell membranes. The aim of this work was to evaluate the interaction, meant as a mechanism of action, of essential oil antimicrobial compounds with the microbial cell envelope. The lipid profiles of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Pseudomonas ...
Whittaker Paul - - 2007
Capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) was used to determine the cellular fatty acid (CFA) profiles of 134 Enterobacter sakazakii strains, and these were compared to the CFA profiles of other closely related Enterobacter and Citrobacter species. For GC-FID analysis, whole cell fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) from ...
Liu Xin - - 2007
The ratios of stable carbon isotopes ((13)C/(12)C) of ganoderma fruiting body, ganoderma spore, ganoderma spore lipid (GSL) and individual fatty acids in GSL were determined by gas chromatography-stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry and elemental analysis-stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. These values fall into a range from -26.9 to -23.3 per ...
Brock Trisha J TJ Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-6340, - - 2007
Monounsaturated fatty acids are essential components of membrane and storage lipids. Their synthesis depends on the conversion of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids by Delta9 desaturases. Caenorhabditis elegans has three Delta9 desaturases encoded by the genes fat-5, fat-6, and fat-7. We generated nematodes that display a range of ...
Lessig Jacqueline - - 2007
The myeloperoxidase-derived metabolite hypochlorous acid (HOCl) promotes the selective cleavage of plasmalogens into chloro fatty aldehydes and 1-lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The subsequent conversion of the initially generated LPC was investigated in plasmalogen samples in dependence on the fatty acid residue in the sn-2 position by matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight ...
Whittaker Paul - - 2007
Rapid capillary gas chromatography (GC) with flame-ionization detection was used to determine the cellular fatty acid profiles of Francisella tularensis. Two subspecies of F. tularensis, the live vaccine strain (LVS) derived from holarctica and a novicida strain Utah 112 (U112), were used to compare the extracted fatty acid methyl esters ...
Zakaria Z A - - 2007
1. The present study was performed in order to determine the amino acid and fatty acid composition of an aqueous extract of the freshwater fish Channa striatus, obtained by soaking (1:2, w/v) fresh fillets overnight in a chloroform:methanol (2:1, v/v) solvent, to elucidate the mechanism responsible for its antinociceptive activity ...
Ku Kuo-Long - - 2007
Ethanol can be introduced to foods of various origins and is commonly used for surface disinfection. Low concentrations of residual ethanol may provide an opportunity for pathogens to adapt and grow. Change of cellular fatty acid composition is one of adaptation mechanisms enabling bacteria to grow under varied stresses. Since ...
König Sabine - - 2007
Function and development of eukaryotic cells require tight control of diverse physiological processes. Numerous cellular processes are regulated by polyphosphoinositides, which interact with protein partners or mediate release of the second messenger, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3). Emerging evidence suggests that different regulatory or signaling functions of polyphosphoinositides may be orchestrated by ...
Wang Yutong - - 2007
Abnormal HDL metabolism among patients with diabetes and insulin resistance may contribute to their increased risk of atherosclerosis. ABCA1 mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to HDL apolipoproteins and thus modulates HDL levels and atherogenesis. Unsaturated fatty acids, which are increased in diabetes, impair the ABCA1 pathway ...
Mizushina Yoshiyuki - - 2007
We screened the inhibitor of mouse inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) type II from natural compounds, and found that a fatty acid, linoleic acid (C18:2), inhibited IMPDH activity. In the C18:2 fatty acid derivatives, all trans-configuration (i.e., linoelaidic acid), ester form, alcohol form, and addition of the hydroxyl group of linoleic ...
Aira N - - 2007
The formation of dark patinas has been mainly related with deposition of gases and particles, and sulphation mechanisms particularly in calcareous rocks. However, in granitic monuments located in Galicia (northwest of Spain), especially in rural areas, this origin is unlikely since granite is a very poor calcium-containing rock and the ...
Aboshi Takako - - 2007
We introduced efficient incorporation of unsaturated fatty acids into volicitin [N-(17-hydroxylinolenoyl)-L-glutamine] and N-linolenoyl-L-glutamine, insect-derived elicitors of plant volatiles, in the common cutworms Spodoptera litura by the incubation of larval gut tissues with unsaturated (linolenic, linoleic, and oleic acids) or saturated fatty acids (palmitic and stearic acids) sodium salt, and L-[alpha-(15)N]glutamine.
Adachi Kyoko - - 2007
A polyphasic taxonomic approach was applied to determine the taxonomic position of a hydrocarbon-degrading actinomycete, strain Hou_blueT, which was isolated from soil samples collected from an oil spring in Niigata, Japan. The results of 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain Hou_blueT represented a novel lineage in ...
GoĊ‚ebiowski Marek - - 2007
The Western Flower Thrips Frankliniella occidentalis effectively resists many insecticides, but it can be controlled by the use of bioinsecticides such as entomopathogenic fungi. The epicuticular chemistry of these insects is therefore of great interest, and accordingly, the cuticular lipid composition of F. occidentalis was analysed. It was found that ...
Nishitani Yoko - - 2007
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, but it still remains unknown whether saturated or unsaturated fatty acid affects IL-10 production in hepatocytes that contribute to lipid metabolism. Primary rat hepatocyte cultures were treated with different fatty acids (18:0 stearic acid, 18:1 oleic acid; 18:2 linoleic acid, 18:3 linolenic acid) ...
Maoka Takashi - - 2007
Fucoxanthin and fucoxanthinol fatty acid esters in the clam, Mactra chinensis, were characterized on the basis of 1H NMR and FAB-MS spectra. 1H NMR revealed that the hydroxy group at C-3 in fucoxanthin and fucoxanthinol was acylated. 3'-O-Acylated compounds such as fucoxanthinol 3'-ester or fucoxanthinol 3,3'-diester were not found in ...
Bae Jae-Han - - 2007
Hydroxy fatty acids are considered as important value-added product for industrial application because of their special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity. Microbial production of the hydroxy fatty acids from various fatty acid substrates have been actively studied using several microorganisms. The new bacterial isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PR3) had ...
Kondoh Yumi - - 2007
In order to examine the effects of trans-unsaturated fatty acids (TFAs) on HepG2 cells, cells were grown in serum-free media supplemented with elaidic acid (t18:1); t18:1 is the trans-isomer of oleic acid and is the major component of TFAs in foods. Both t18:1 and palmitic acids (16:0) at concentrations higher ...
Ji Hong - - 2007
Fast-atom bombardment (FAB) mass spectrometry in the negative ion mode can be used to unambiguously distinguish between cis and trans isomers of monounsaturated fatty acids by the relative signal strengths of an intense pair of ion signals. Under normal FAB ionization/desorption conditions, the deprotonated molecules (i.e., [M - H]-) of ...
Zhuge Bin - - 2007
The gene encoding pectate lyase (PL) from Bacillus subtilis WSHB04-02 was amplified by PCR, fused with a periplasmic secretion signal peptide sequence, pelB, from pET22b(+), cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli cells using a temperature control vector, pHsh. The recombinant E. coil was grown in a 5 l fermentor. PL ...
Rezanka Tomás - - 2007
A method is described for the enrichment of very long chain unsaturated fatty acids from total fatty acids of Ximenia oil and their identification as picolinyl esters by means of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (LC-MS/APCI). The method is based on the use of preparative reversed phase ...
Wyss C - - 2007
OMIZ-W68, a chemically defined medium that contains no long-chain fatty acids and yet supports in vitro proliferation of a wide range of fastidious oral anaerobes, is described. The type strains of Treponema denticola, Treponema lecithinolyticum, Treponema maltophilum, Treponema pectinovorum, Treponema socranskii, and an as yet unpublished canine Treponema species could ...
Pesakhov Stella - - 2007
As part of its aerobic metabolism, Streptococcus pneumoniae generates high levels of H(2)O(2) by pyruvate oxidase (SpxB), which can be further reduced to yield the damaging hydroxyl radicals via the Fenton reaction. A universal conserved adaptation response observed among bacteria is the adjustment of the membrane fatty acids to various ...
Burdi Dadu Khan - - 2007
The leaves of Abies pindrow, collected from Murree Hills, Punjab (Pakistan) revealed the presence of eleven fatty acids including eight saturated and three unsaturated fatty acids. They ranged from C(14) to C(24) and were detected as methyl esters by GC-MS technique. The saturated fatty acids were present in much greater ...
Kangani Cyrous O - - 2007
Cyclic nitrogen moieties have proved to be of great value for the mass spectrometric location of double bonds in polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, their synthesis has traditionally required long reaction times and/or high temperatures. Recently, we introduced a one-pot, high-yield, mild and efficient method for the synthesis of various fatty ...
Misra Arun Kumar - - 2007
Interaction study of paracetamol with saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, namely, capric and oleic acid have been performed by using serial dilution method, release behavior, FT-IR, and DSC study. Preliminary investigations by release studies indicated the possibility of interaction between paracetamol and fatty acids. UV-studies failed to detect any interaction ...
Plasenzotti R - - 2007
The rheologic properties of red blood cells (RBC) are determined by humoral and cellular factors. Fatty acid composition of the RBC phospholipid bilayer is one factor influencing membrane fluidity this could affect RBC aggregation because of a higher bias of RBC deformability. The present investigation was performed to investigate a ...
Cerantola Vanessa - - 2007
Synthesis of VLCFAs (very long chain fatty acids) and biosynthesis of DHS (dihydrosphingosine) both are of vital importance for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The bulk of VLCFAs and DHS are used for ceramide synthesis by the Lag1p (longevity-assurance gene 1)/Lac1p (longevity-assurance gene cognate 1)/Lip1p (Lag1p/Lac1p interacting protein) ceramide synthase. LAG1 and LAC1 ...
Gakwaya Robert - - 2007
A series of positionally pure triglycerides (TAGs) of the form LXL, YLY, AXA, and YAY was synthesized and analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. L and A represent the linoleate and arachidate moieties, respectively, and X and Y represent large arrays of fatty acid moieties of various chain ...
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