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Results 251 - 300 of 1912
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Yang Han-Sul - - 2009
This study was carried out to compare the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of beef and pork jerky, prepared from whole muscle of beef semimembranosus (BSM), pork semimembranosus (PSM), pork longissimus dorsi (PLD), and pork psoas major (PPM). The BSM and PSM jerky had higher moisture content, and PPM jerky had ...
Ardiyanti Astrid - - 2009
To investigate the effects of bovine growth hormone (bGH) gene polymorphism on carcass traits and fatty acid compositions in Japanese Black cattle caused by nucleotide substitution of CTG (allele A)/GTG (allele B) at codon 127 and of ACG (allele A and B)/ATG (allele C) at codon 172 of bGH, GH ...
Yoneda Takeshi - - 2009
YONEDA T., SAITOU K., ASANO H., MIZUSHIGE T., MATSUMURA S., EGUCHI A., MANABE Y., TSUZUKI S., INOUE K., AND FUSHIKI T. Assessing palatability of long-chain fatty acids from the licking behavior of BALB/c mice. PHYSIOL BEHAV 00(0) 000-000, 2008--Dietary oils such as corn oil, olive oil, and canola oil, which ...
Dussault D - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiation on the fatty acids (FA) and muropeptides content of two strains of an Enterobacteriacea: Pantoea agglomerans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pantoea agglomerans strains ATCC 49174 and RL1 isolated from irradiated carrots were used for this study. Radiation treatments ...
Wennberg Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of the Northern Sweden eighty-four-item FFQ to estimate intake of fatty acids relative to 24 h diet recalls (24-HDR) and fatty acids in erythrocyte membranes. DESIGN: Participants, randomly recruited from the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Project, answered the eighty-four-item FFQ. During the following year each participant ...
Ricchi Matteo - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies have shown monounsaturated oleic acid to be less toxic than palmitic acid and to prevent/attenuate palmitic acid hepatocites toxicity in steatosis models in vitro. However, to what degree these effects are mediated by steatosis extent is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated whether steatosis per se is associated ...
Nguyen Long Nam - - 2009
Cytosolic fungal fatty acid synthase is composed of two subunits alpha and beta, which are encoded by Fas1 and Fas2 genes. In this study, the Fas2 genes of the human pathogen Candida parapsilosis were deleted using a modified SAT1 flipper technique. CpFas2 was essential in media lacking exogenous fatty acids ...
Okada Yuu - - 2009
Polycarboxylate-type green surfactants with either sulfide- (S-) or imino- (N-) linkages were prepared in high yields by a single addition reaction of fatty mercaptan or fatty amine with unsaturated polycarboxylic acids such as fumaric, maleic, itaconic and aconitic acids. They exhibited surfactant properties and excellent biodegradabilities. Also, green surfactants with ...
Ito Masahiro - - 2009
Sphingomyelin is rarely found in lower animals, while sphingophospholipid is a characteristic of higher animals. In this study, sphingomyelin was first isolated and characterized from ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Ascidian sphingomyelin was prepared using ion exchange (QAE-Sphadex-A25) and silicic acid (Florisil and Iatrobeads) column chromatographies. The chemical structure was characterized by ...
Renard-Merlier D - - 2009
This work presents a global investigation of total fatty acid (FA) content in wheat in relation to treatment with four inducers of resistance and to powdery mildew infection. Linolenic acid (C18:3), linoleic acid (C18:2) and palmitic acid (16:0) were the most abundant FAs in wheat leaves. We investigated the effect ...
Zhu Lei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The original anaerobic unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis pathway proposed by Goldfine and Bloch was based on in vivo labeling studies in Clostridium butyricum ATCC 6015 (now C. beijerinckii) but to date no dedicated unsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic enzyme has been identified in Clostridia. C. acetobutylicium synthesizes the same species ...
Utsugi Atsushi - - 2009
The Lipase-catalyzed transesterification method is utilized as a safe and effective method for preparing various structured oils. As each lipase shows different fatty acid specificity, it is important to select an appropriate lipase according to fatty acid species incorporated into oils. In the present study fatty acid specificities of lipases ...
Kenny John G - - 2009
Staphylococcus aureus is an important human commensal and opportunistic pathogen responsible for a wide range of infections. Long chain unsaturated free fatty acids represent a barrier to colonisation and infection by S. aureus and act as an antimicrobial component of the innate immune system where they are found on epithelial ...
Sanders Robert-Jan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is a metabolic disorder characterized by accumulation of long-chain fatty alcohols in plasma of patients due to mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene, that codes for a microsomal fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH). Recent studies have demonstrated that FALDH is involved in the last step of the conversion of ...
Plaisance Valérie - - 2009
Fatty acids can favour the development of Type 2 diabetes by reducing insulin secretion and inducing apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells. Here, we show that sustained exposure of the beta-cell line MIN6 or of isolated pancreatic islets to the most abundant circulating fatty acid palmitate increases the level of C/EBPbeta, an ...
Miller Thomas A TA Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2009
The saturated fatty acid palmitate alters normal cell function via disruption of cell signaling, and this effect has been implicated in the end-organ damage associated with dyslipidemia. Neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta) is a growth and survival factor in cardiac myocytes. We tested the hypothesis that palmitate alters NRG-1beta signaling and biology in ...
Lee M R F - - 2009
Sixteen Holstein-Friesian dairy cull cows were offered either ad libitum grass (G) or red clover (RC) silage for 12 weeks. Dry matter (DM), total nitrogen, and pH was higher for the RC than the G silage and organic matter, water-soluble carbohydrate, fibre, DM digestibility, ammonia-N, vitamin E and acetic acid ...
Maruyama Chizuko - - 2008
AIM: This study was designed to clarify differences in serum phospholipid fatty acid compositions and estimated desaturase activities between Japanese men with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: From among 227 males, 40 to 59 years of age, excluding those receiving treatment for lipid disorders, 165 subjects (including 27 with ...
Rudolph Volker - - 2009
Nitrated derivatives of fatty acids (NO2-FA) are pluripotent cell-signaling mediators that display anti-inflammatory properties. Current understanding of NO2-FA signal transduction lacks insight into how or if NO2-FA are modified or metabolized upon formation or administration in vivo. Here the disposition and metabolism of nitro-9-cis-octadecenoic (18:1-NO2) acid was investigated in plasma ...
Turk S N - - 2009
We hypothesized that subcutaneous (s.c.) adipose tissue would differ in monounsaturated (MUFA) and saturated fatty acid (SFA) composition among different depots throughout a beef carcass. To test this, 50 carcasses from a variety of breed types and backgrounds were sampled. External fat samples were collected from eight different carcass locations: ...
Siristova Lucie - - 2009
The composition of fatty acids in 12 strains of the genera Thermus, Meiothermus, Geobacillus and Alicyclobacillus was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Major FAs found in the profiles included i-15:0, i-17:0, ai-15:0, i-16:0, 16:0, ai-17:0, together with some minor components. Branched FAs were predominant, forming more than 80% of all ...
He M L - - 2009
This study was to determine the effect of a seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum extract (SE) containing 220 mg g(-1) phlorotannins on differentiation and fatty acid accumulation in differentiating 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 cells (2 x 10(4) mL(-1)) were seeded to 24-well plates and proliferated to reach confluence and then were treated with ...
Sato Mayumi - - 2008
Fatty acid (FA) compositions in leaves were investigated for two families of F(1) hybrids of Larix gmelinii var. japonica x L. kaempferi (F(1)) and their parent clones. Twenty-one FAs, from C(12) to C(32), were found in the leaves of both adult trees and seedlings. The levels of 18:1/(18:2 + 18:3) ...
Ozogul Fatih - - 2008
The fatty acid profile and mineral composition (calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, zinc, manganese, silicon, boron, cadmium, chromium, nickel, aluminium, copper, and lead) by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectometry (ICP-AES) and the proximate composition of the body and legs of edible frog (Rana esculenta) were investigated. The fatty acids ...
Kuley Esmeray - - 2008
Fatty acid and proximate compositions of the body and claw of male and female blue crabs from Akyatan Lagoon and Hurma strait were investigated. Male blue crab meat had a higher protein and fat content, and lower moisture and ash content, than that of the female from Akyatan Lagoon. Moreover, ...
Polat Sevim - - 2008
Proximate analysis and the fatty acid profile of brown algae (Stypopodium schimperii) and red algae (Spyridia filamentosa, Acanthophora nayadiformis and Halymenia floresii) were investigated. The highest protein content was obtained from H. floresii (3.05% on a dry weight basis) whereas the lowest protein content was obtained from S. schimperii (1.12% ...
Costa Mariana C - - 2009
The complete solid-liquid phase diagrams for four binary mixtures of saturated fatty acids are presented, for the first time, in this work. These mixtures are formed by caprylic acid (C(8:0))+lauric acid (C(12:0)), capric acid (C(10:0))+myristic acid (C(14:0)), lauric acid (C(12:0))+palmitic acid (C(16:0)) and myristic acid (C(14:0))+stearic acid (C(18:0)). The phase ...
Hedrick D B - - 2009
The polar lipid fatty acids, lipopolysaccharide hydroxy-fatty acids, and respiratory quinones of Geobacter metallireducens str. GS-15, Geobacter sulfurreducens str. PCA, and Geobacter bemidjiensis str. Bem are reported. Also, the lipids of G. metallireducens were compared when grown with Fe(3+) or nitrate as electron acceptors and G. sulfurreducens with Fe(3+) or ...
Butovich Igor A IA Department of Ophthalmology and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2009
Human meibomian gland secretions (also known as meibum) were analyzed for the presence of cholesteryl esters (Chl-E) using HPLC in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. A special procedure based on detection of the in-source generated ion m/z 369 was developed to monitor all Chl-E simultaneously. The structures ...
Lee Joon No - - 2008
Proteasomes mediate the regulated degradation of Insig-1, a membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that plays a crucial role in lipid metabolism. We showed previously that sterols inhibit this degradation by blocking ubiquitination of Insig-1. Here we show that unsaturated fatty acids stabilize Insig-1 without affecting its ubiquitination. Instead ...
Morgan Noel G - - 2008
Chronic exposure of pancreatic beta-cells to long-chain fatty acids can cause loss of secretory function and enhanced apoptosis by a process of 'lipotoxicity', which may be a contributory factor to the rising incidence of Type 2 diabetes in humans. However, when incubated in vitro, beta-cells respond differentially to long-chain saturated ...
Fukuzawa Masataka - - 2008
During our isolation of biologically active substances from the spores of Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi Houshi, G. lucidum) guided by the inhibitory activity on HL-60 cell proliferation, NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data indicate the substance contains a mixture of several long chain fatty acids. Hence, in this study, we have ...
Diakogiannaki Eleftheria - - 2008
Recent evidence indicates that treatment of pancreatic beta-cells with long chain fatty acids can lead to the development of an ER (endoplasmic reticulum) stress response. This is manifest as the activation of some components of the PERK [RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER eIF2alpha (eukaryotic initiation factor 2alpha) kinase]-dependent arm of ER ...
Martínez-Lozano Pablo - - 2008
Real time analysis of human breath is achieved in an atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometer (API-MS) by negatively charging exhaled vapors via contact with an electrospray cloud. The spectrum observed is dominated by a wide range of deprotonated fatty acids, including saturated chains up to C14. Above C14, the background ...
Katsuta Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unsaturated fatty acids from sebum affect calcium dynamics in epidermal keratinocytes, disrupt the barrier function and induce abnormal keratinization. However, the mechanisms of these effects have not been clarified. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the function of unsaturated fatty acids in epidermis. METHODS: Antagonists of calcium channel receptors were applied to ...
Sakuradani Eiji - - 2008
We describe the isolation and characterization of a gene (MAELO) that encodes a fatty acid elongase from arachidonic acid-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4. Although the homologous MAELO gene had already been isolated from M. alpina ATCC 32221, its function had not yet been identified. The MAELO gene from M. alpina ...
Grandvalet Cosette - - 2008
Cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) synthesis was investigated in Oenococcus oeni. The data obtained demonstrated that acid-grown cells or cells harvested in the stationary growth phase showed changes in fatty acid composition similar to those of ethanol-grown cells. An increase of the CFA content and a decrease of the oleic acid ...
Fraga Marcelo E - - 2008
Cellular fatty acid (FA) composition was utilized as a taxonomic tool to discriminate between different Aspergillus species. Several of the tested species had the same FA composition and different relative FA concentrations. The most important FAs were palmitic acid (C16:0), estearic acid (C18:0), oleic acid (C18:1) and linoleic acid (C18:2), ...
Young C-C - - 2008
The taxonomic status of a pale-yellow-coloured bacterial isolate from rhizosphere soil of Fortunella hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Swingle was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the isolate constituted a distinct branch within the genus Sphingobium. The generic assignment was confirmed ...
Soyeurt H - - 2008
The endogenous production of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), particularly some monounsaturated FA (%MONO) and nearly all conjugated linoleic acids, is regulated by the Delta(9)-desaturase activity. The aims of this study were to assess the variation of this enzymatic activity within lactation, across dairy breeds, and to estimate its genetic parameters. ...
Kim Min-Jung - - 2008
This study systematically investigated the enhancing effect of fatty acids on the skin permeation of diclofenac. The fatty acids were evaluated in terms of their carbon-chain length, the degree of unsaturation, and their functional groups. The rat-skin permeation rates of diclofenac, saturated in propylene glycol (PG) containing 1% (w/v) fatty ...
Hsu Fong-Fu FF Mass Spectrometry Resource, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2008
Linear ion-trap (LIT) MS2 mass spectrometric approach toward locating the position of double bond(s) of unsaturated long-chain fatty acids and toward discerning among isomeric unsaturated fatty acids as dilithiated adduct ([M-H+2Li]+) ions are described in this report. Upon resonance excitation in a LIT instrument, charge-remote fragmentation that involves beta-cleavage with ...
Narváez-Rivas Mónica - - 2008
In this study, we have evaluated the changes that occur in the profiles of total fatty acids and triacylglycerols during the dry-curing process (730 days) of Iberian ham. The subcutaneous adipose tissues of six hams obtained from three Iberian pigs fed on acorns were analyzed periodically during the processing time ...
Giner José-Luis - - 2008
Sterol and fatty acid compositions were determined for three harmful algal species previously classified in the genus Chattonella (Raphidophyceae): the new genus Chloromorum toxicum (ex Chattonella cf. verruculosa), Verrucophora farcimen (Dictyochophyceae), previously Chattonella aff. verruculosa, and Verrucophora verruculosa (=Pseudochattonella verruculosa) previously Chattonella verruculosa. The major fatty acids of C. toxicum ...
McCue Marshall D - - 2008
Fasting-induced changes in fatty acid composition have been reported to occur within the body lipids of several types of animals; however, little is known about the changes in fatty acid profiles exhibited by reptiles subjected to prolonged fasting. This study characterizes the fatty acid profiles of six reptile species subjected ...
Khoomrung Sakda - - 2008
Molecular and biochemical studies investigating the biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a nutritionally important polyunsaturated fatty acid, were implemented in Mucor rouxii by supplementation with exogenous fatty acids. Compared to the fatty acid-free cultures, addition of C18:2Delta(9,12) to the cultures showed up to threefold decrease in the GLA content from ...
Arun A B - - 2008
A Gram-type negative or variable, aerobic, rod-shaped, nitrogen-fixing bacterium, designated strain CC4(T), was isolated on nutrient agar from a soil sample collected at a regional agricultural research field station located in Kaohsiung County, Taiwan. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that this isolate is unique, showing <92.5 % similarity with ...
Coulibaly Ibourahema - - 2009
Lactic acid bacteria strains Lactobacillus plantarum CWBI-B534 and Leuconostoc ssp. mesenteroïdes (L. mesenteroïdes) Kenya MRog2 were produced in bioreactor, concentrated, with or without cryoprotectants. In general, viable population did not change significantly after freeze-drying (p > 0.05). In most cases, viable population for cells added with cryoprotectants was significantly lower ...
Dietrich Matthias - - 2008
Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases of the CYP102A subfamily are single-component natural fusion proteins consisting of a heme domain and a diflavin reductase. The characterised CYP102A enzymes are fatty acid hydroxylases with turnover rates of several thousands per minute. In search of new P450s with similar activities, but with a broader substrate ...
Yao Amenan A - - 2008
The impact of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) degradation on the survival and acidification activity of freeze-dried Weissella paramesenteroides LC11 was investigated over 90-days storage at 4 degrees C or 20 degrees C in vacuum-sealed aluminium foil or glass tubes with two water activities (a(w)=0.11 or 0.23). Colony counts, acidification activity ...
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