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Results 201 - 250 of 1912
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Vardhan Reddy Puram Vishnu - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier, an Arctic glacier, was studied using 12 sediment samples collected from different points, along a transect, from the snout of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier up to the convergence point of the melt water stream with the sea. Bacterial abundance appeared to be closer to ...
Green Paul W C - - 2009
Extracts of whole booklice (Liposcelis bostrychophila)-sequentially extracted in hexane and aqueous 80% methanol (80%MeOH)-repel conspecifics. A methanol-soluble fraction (MFr) of the 80% methanol extract was more repellent than either its corresponding water fraction (WFr) or the hexane extract. The repellent effect of the MFr was repeatable across extracts prepared on ...
Pianaro Adriana - - 2009
Cuticular wax, abdominal and cephalic extracts of foraging workers and males of Nannotrigona testaceicornis and Plebeia droryana, from the "Aretuzina" farm in S?o Sim?o, SP, Brazil, were analyzed by GC-MS. The principal constituents were hydrocarbons, terpenes, aldehydes, esters, steroids, alcohols, and fatty acids. Interspecific differences for both cuticular wax and ...
Cao Yujin - - 2010
Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that introduce double bonds into fatty acyl chains, among which stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (S-ACP-DES) was widely distributed in the plant kingdom. We cloned the cDNA coding for fab2/ssi2, an S-ACP-DES from Arabidopsis thaliana, into the vector pET30a and heterologously expressed this fatty acid desaturase ...
Gao Jinpeng - - 2009
Polar membrane glycerolipids occur in a mixture of molecular species defined by a polar head group and characteristic acyl groups esterified to a glycerol backbone. A molecular species of phosphatidylglycerol specific to chloroplasts of plants carries a Delta(3-trans) hexadecenoic acid in the sn-2 position of its core glyceryl moiety. The ...
Srinivas T N R - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of seven marine sediment samples of Kongsfjorden and a sediment and a soil sample from Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Arctic was studied. The bacterial abundance in the marine sediments of Kongsfjorden varied marginally (0.5 x 10(3)-1.3 x 10(4) cfu/g sediment) and the bacterial number in the two samples collected ...
Jim??nez J J - - 2009
In this work 44 fatty acids, which were analyzed as methyl esters by GC/MS in scan mode, have been determined in genetically modified corn and soybean seeds. Their relative concentrations have been compared with those of isogenic lines grown in the same conditions. Studied compounds comprised saturated and unsaturated fatty ...
Gorczynski Michael J MJ Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, - - 2009
Nitroalkene fatty acids are potent endogenous ligand activators of PPARgamma-dependent transcription. Previous studies with the naturally occurring regioisomers of nitrolinoleic acid revealed that the isomers are not equivalent with respect to PPARgamma activation. To gain further insight into the structure-activity relationships between nitroalkenes and PPARgamma, we examined additional naturally occurring ...
Skrzypski Jérémy - - 2009
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) play a key role in regulating delta-6 desaturase (D6D), the key enzyme for long-chain PUFA biosynthesis. Nevertheless, the extent of their effects on this enzyme remains controversial and difficult to assess. It has been generally admitted that C18 unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) regulate negatively delta-6 ...
Yao Jia - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the role of unsaturated fatty acid ester substituents in the autoxidation of polysorbate 80 using quantitative kinetics. METHODS: Oxidation kinetics were monitored at 40 degrees C in aqueous solution by tracking head space oxygen consumption using a fiber optic oxygen sensor with phase shift fluorescence detection. Radical ...
Fontaine Thierry - - 2009
A glucuronic acid containing glycerolipid was isolated from the filamentous fungi Aspergillus fumigatus. This acidic glycolipid was extracted from the membrane of mycelium and purified by two successive chromatographic steps on DEAE-Sephadex and Silica columns. Chemical structural analysis was performed using methylation, gas-chromatography, gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry, nano-electrospray mass spectrometry and (1)H/(13)C ...
Gutiérrez A M - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to study the connection between body size, fatty acid composition and sensitivity to lipid peroxidation of heart mitochondria and microsomes isolated from different size bird species: manon (Lonchura striata), quail (Coturnix coturnix var japonica), pigeon (Columba livia), duck (Cairina moschata) and goose (Anser anser), ...
Rahimabadi E Z - - 2009
The proximate and fatty acid composition of two locally important freshwater fish, Schizothorax zarudnyi and Schizocypris altidorsalis, from Sistan Province in Iran were investigated for their nutritional value. The protein and lipid content in the S. zarudnyi were 14.67 and 6.36%, respectively. In S. altidorsalis, protein and lipid content were ...
Fan King-Wai - - 2009
Twenty-five thraustochytrids that belong to the genus Aurantiochytrium were isolated from subtropical mangroves in Hong Kong. Although they have similar morphological and physiological characteristics, they have different colors on a yeast extract-glucose agar plate, which were largely ignored before. On the basis of the differences in their colony color, 25 ...
Simard Jeffrey R - - 2009
Ectopic expression of caveolin-1 in HEK293 cells enhances fatty acid (FA)sequestration in membranes as measured by a pH-sensitive fluorescent dye (1). We hypothesized that sequestration of FA is due to the enrichment of caveolin in the cytosolic leaflet and its ability to facilitate the formation of lipid rafts to buffer ...
Rakpuang Wanida - - 2009
The fatty acid composition of two strains (wild-type and M2 mutant cells of Hansenula polymorpha strain CBS 1976) were studied at different growth temperatures and various concentrations of ricinoleic acid. Two strains of yeast cultured on YEPD medium containing 1, 2, 3 and 8 mM of ricinoleic acid at 25, ...
Blomqvist Maria M Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Gothenburg, - - 2009
The glycosphingolipid sulfatide (SO(3)-3Galbeta1Cer) is a demonstrated ligand for a subset of CD1d-restricted NKT cells, which could regulate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a murine model for multiple sclerosis, as well as tumor immunity and experimental hepatitis. Native sulfatide is a mixture of sulfatide isoforms, i.e. sulfatide molecules with different long-chain bases ...
Ota Masaki - - 2009
Photoautotrophic fatty acid production of a highly CO(2)-tolerant green alga Chlorococcum littorale was investigated in the presence of inorganic carbon and nitrate at 295 K and a light intensity of 170 micromol-photon m(-2) s(-1). CO(2) concentration in the bubbling gas was adjusted by mixing pure gas components of CO(2) and ...
Butovich Igor A - - 2009
Human meibum was targetly analyzed for the presence of intact wax esters (WEs) and related compounds by means of reverse-phase HPLC in combination with ion trap mass spectrometry. The major detected WEs were based on C(18:n) (n = 1-4) unsaturated FAs ranking in the following order of abundance: C(18:1)>C(18:2)>C(18:3)>C(18:4). The ...
Dixon David P DP Centre for Bioactive Chemistry, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, United - - 2009
Proteomic studies with Arabidopsis thaliana have revealed that the plant-specific Tau (U) class glutathione transferases (GSTs) are selectively retained by S-hexylglutathione affinity supports. Overexpression of members of the Arabidopsis GST superfamily in Escherichia coli showed that 25 of the complement of 28 GSTUs caused the aberrant accumulation of acylated glutathione ...
Costa Mariana C - - 2009
For the first time, the solid-liquid phase diagrams of five binary mixtures of saturated fatty acids are here presented. These mixtures are formed of caprylic acid (C(8:0))+capric acid (C(10:0)), capric acid (C(10:0))+lauric acid (C(12:0)), lauric acid (C(12:0))+myristic acid (C(14:0)), myristic acid (C(14:0))+palmitic acid (C(16:0)) and palmitic acid (C(16:0))+stearic acid (C(18:0)). ...
Fang I-Mo - - 2009
Dietary fat modification is a promising approach to prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, which types of fatty acids carry a greater risk for AMD remains unclear. In this study, we compared the effects of 18-carbon fatty acids with different degrees of unsaturation on the expression of the proinflammatory genes ...
Pingitore Attilio - - 2009
This study was undertaken to better understand the physiological role of the retinoylation process in steroidogenic tissues. In adrenal gland mitochondria, the retinoylation extent was found equal to that of testes mitochondria but without ATP in the incubation buffer. We pointed out that the endogenous mitochondrial ATP in adrenal glands ...
Chang Jae Hyun - - 2009
Pendrin (SLC26A4) is a Na(+)-independent Cl(-)/HCO(3) (-) exchanger which is expressed in the apical membranes of type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells within the distal convoluted tubule, the connecting tubule, and the cortical collecting duct. In those segments it mediates HCO(3) (-) secretion and chloride (Cl(-)) absorption. In mice, ...
Xu Deming - - 2009
The balance between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids plays a crucial role in determining the membrane fluidity. In the diploid fungal pathogen Candida albicans, the gene for fatty acid Delta9 desaturase, OLE1, is essential for viability. Using a reverse genetic approach, termed the fitness test, we identified a group of ...
Peters B D - - 2009
Brain white matter myelin abnormalities and cell membrane fatty acid abnormalities have been implicated in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. We investigated in young adults with a psychotic disorder (n=12) whether (poly)unsaturated fatty acid concentrations in erythrocyte membranes are related to an MRI measure of brain white matter, which depends ...
Wei Yuren - - 2009
Chronic exposure to elevated free fatty acids, in particular long chain saturated fatty acids, provokes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and cell death in a number of cell types. The perturbations to the ER that instigate ER stress and activation of the unfolded protein in response to fatty acids in hepatocytes ...
Sakuradani Eiji - - 2009
The isolation and characterization of a gene (MALCE1) that encodes a fatty acid elongase from arachidonic acid-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4 are described. MALCE1 was confirmed to encode a fatty acid elongase by its expression in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, resulting in the accumulation of 18-, 19-, and 20-carbon monounsaturated fatty ...
Kumar G - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of aqueous bark extract of Helicteres isora (HI) (Sterculiaceae) on the blood glucose, plasma insulin and fatty acid composition of the total lipids in the liver, kidney and brain of control and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. The analysis of ...
Cho Cheong-Weon - - 2009
Various enhancers, such as fatty acids (saturated, unsaturated), glycerides, propylene glycols, and non-ionic surfactants, have been incorporated in the loratadine-EVA matrix to increase the rate of skin permeation of loratadine from an EVA matrix. The enhancing effects of these enhancers on the skin permeation of loratadine were evaluated using a ...
Salter Ian - - 2009
Hydrophobic surfactants at the air-sea interface can retard evaporative and gaseous exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean.While numerous studies have examined the metabolic role of bacterioneuston at the air-sea interface, the interactions between hydrophobic surfactants and bacterioplankton are not well constrained. A novel experimental design was developed, using Vibrio ...
Leekumjorn Sukit S Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2009
Studying the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids on biological and model (liposomes) membranes could provide insight into the contribution of biophysical effects on the cytotoxicity observed with saturated fatty acids. In vitro experiments suggest that unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleate and linoleate, are less toxic, and have ...
Zhang Min - - 2009
The effects of three fatty acids on cytotoxic aggregate formation of Ca(2+)-depleted bovine alpha-lactalbumin (apo-BLA) have been studied by UV absorbance spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The experimental results demonstrate that two unsaturated fatty acids, oleic acid and linoleic acid, and one saturated fatty acid, stearic acid, induce the intermediate ...
Liu Jie - - 2009
In this study, we show that 5alpha-reductase derived from rat fresh liver was inhibited by certain aliphatic free fatty acids. The influences of chain length, unsaturation, oxidation, and esterification on the potency to inhibit 5alpha-reductase activity were studied. Among the fatty acids we tested, inhibitory saturated fatty acids had C12-C16 ...
Lin S-Y - - 2009
A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on a pink-coloured unknown bacterium isolated from discarded road tar. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence demonstrated that the isolate belongs phylogenetically to the genus Azospirillum with Azospirillum lipoferum, A. melinis and A. rugosum as its closest phylogenetic relatives (96.7, 96.6 and ...
Vinciguerra Manlio - - 2009
The impact of dietary fatty acids on the development of cancers is highly controversial. We recently demonstrated that unsaturated fatty acids trigger the downregulation of the tumor suppressor PTEN through an mTOR/NF-kappaB-dependent mechanism in hepatocytes. In this study, we investigated whether unsaturated fatty acids promote hepatoma progression by downregulating PTEN ...
Vinciguerra Manlio - - 2009
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a regulator of phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling and an important tumor suppressor mutated/deleted in human cancers. PTEN deletion in the liver leads to insulin resistance, steatosis, inflammation, and cancer. We recently demonstrated that unsaturated fatty acids trigger steatosis by down-regulating PTEN expression in hepatocytes via ...
Belazi Dalila - - 2009
Osmium tetroxide (OsO4) is a commonly used stain for unsaturated lipids in electron and optical microscopy of cells and tissues. In this work, the localization of osmium oxide and specific lipids was independently monitored in mouse adipose tissue by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry with Bi cluster primary ions. ...
Yoneda Takeshi - - 2009
Dietary oils such as corn oil, olive oil, and canola oil, which primarily contain triacylglycerol and small quantities of fatty acids, are highly palatable to animals. In a previous study, we examined the short-term (60 s) licking behavior of mice and observed that they exhibited a high licking response to ...
Polidori P - - 2009
The rheological and chemical characteristics of meat obtained from 12 Martina Franca donkey males, slaughtered at 14months of age and a mean final body weight of 169kg were determined. Meat samples were taken four days post mortem from muscles Longissimus thoracis et lumborum and Biceps femoris, colorimetric parameters were measured ...
Abe Tsuyoshi - - 2009
Eight novel and four known mutations were detected in the coding sequence of the bovine fatty acid synthase (FASN) gene of an F2 population from Japanese Black and Limousin cattle. Two mutations, g.16024A>G and g.16039T>C, detected in exon 34, which determine amino acid substitutions of threonine (T) to alanine (A) ...
Cantrel Catherine - - 2009
We studied modifications induced at the membrane lipid level by over-expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. When total cell phospholipids were analyzed, the transformation led to a moderate decrease in poly-unsaturated fatty acids, compensated by an increase in mono-unsaturated species. At the mitochondrial membrane level, the changes were more important ...
Takata Yumie - - 2009
To examine the association between breast cancer risk and the fatty acid composition of phospholipids in prediagnostic serum samples. We analyzed the fatty acid composition in 130 incident postmenopausal breast cancer cases and 257 matched controls nested within the beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial Cohort. The fatty acid composition was ...
Aksu M I - - 2009
The effects of beef intermuscular (BIF), beef kidney (BKF), and sheep tail fats (STF) and storage time on fatty acid composition, the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), free fatty acids (FFA), pH and L*, a*, and b* values, and Enterobacteriaceae counts of sliced vacuum-packaged Kavurma were investigated. Kavurma was made ...
Nishimoto Makoto - - 2009
The effects of long-chain fatty acids (four saturated and two unsaturated fatty acids, one derivative) on phase transitions of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer membranes were examined in the low concentration region, and the results were compared with those for an inhalation anesthetic. The effects of all fatty acids on the pre- ...
Sahoo Rashmi R - - 2009
Self-assembled monolayers of fatty acids were formed on stainless steel by room-temperature solution deposition. The acids are covalently bound to the surface as carboxylate in a bidentate manner. To explore the effect of saturation in the carbon backbone on friction in sliding tribology, we study the response of saturated stearic ...
Timmons Michael D - - 2009
Clostridium thermocellum is a candidate organism for consolidated bioprocessing of lignocellulosic biomass into ethanol. However, commercial use is limited due to growth inhibition at modest ethanol concentrations. Recently, an ethanol-adapted strain of C. thermocellum was produced. Since ethanol adaptation in microorganisms has been linked to modification of membrane lipids, we ...
De la Fuente J - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat and the vitamin E content of beef from different production systems. Four cattle production systems were used: cattle reared under intensive conditions and fed concentrate (INT1) from Spain, cattle raised at pasture and supplemented with ...
Rezanka Tomás - - 2009
A method is described for the identification of molecular species of acylphosphatidylglycerols containing a branched cyclo fatty acid ((S)-11-cycloheptyl-4-methylundecanoic acid; brc19:0) from Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris and its identification as picolinyl ester by means of GC-MS. The combination of TLC, negative RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, enzymatic hydrolysis, and GC-MS was used to identify unusual molecular ...
Alexander L J - - 2009
A microsatellite-based genome scan of a Wagyu x Limousin F(2) cross population previously demonstrated QTL affecting LM area and fatty acid composition were present in regions near the centromere of BTA2. In this study, we used 70 SNP markers to examine the centromeric 24 megabases (Mb) of BTA2, including the ...
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