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Results 201 - 250 of 1930
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Pathan Akbar Ali Khan - - 2010
A total of 132 yeast strains were characterised from 4 sediment samples collected from small puddles in the vicinity of Midre Lov?nbreen glacier, Arctic. Based on the D1/D2 domain sequence similarity, the isolates could be categorised into 6 groups. The nearest phylogenetic neighbour of groups I to VI were identified ...
Das Undurti N - - 2010
Trypanosomiasis is common in Africa and South America. The surface of trypanosomes is covered by glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) that contains the fatty acid myristate (14:0) as its lipid moiety that is essential for its survival. Myristic acid, being a saturated fatty acid, is resistant to peroxidation. ...
Go?ebiowski Marek - - 2010
The pine moth Dendrolimus pini effectively resists many insecticides, but it can be controlled by the use of bioinsecticides such as entomopathogenic fungi. In the use of microbial agents for the biocontrol of D. pini, it is important to identify the cuticular lipids of this pest if we are to ...
Yildirim Nalan - - 2009
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and fatty acid (FAME) profiles were used to examine phenotypic and genetic relationships among 16 Centaurea species growing wild in the eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Thirteen decamer primers were used to examine polymorphism. According to the RAPD results, 99 amplicons in the size range ...
Bae Jae-Han - - 2010
The hydroxylation of unsaturated fatty acids by bacterial strains is one type of value-adding bioconversion processes. This process generates new hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) carrying special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity compared with normal fatty acids. Among microbial strains tested for HFA production, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3 is well ...
Mishra Soni - - 2010
Oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) is the most abundant cis-unsaturated fatty acid in nature; it is distributed in almost all organisms. In this work, we present a detailed vibrational spectroscopy investigation of Oleic acid by using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. These data are supported by quantum mechanical calculations, which allow us ...
Ruenwai Rawisara - - 2009
The effect of oxygen availability on the molecular mechanisms of fatty acid biosynthesis was investigated in Mucor rouxii, a Mucorale fungus capable of producing gamma-linolenic acid through perturbation of the gaseous environment. Shifting of the M. rouxii culture from anaerobic to aerobic conditions resulted in an increase of the biomass ...
Hon G M - - 2009
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. We determined the fatty acid composition within the different phospholipid fractions of red blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cell membranes of 31 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy control subjects using gas ...
Shede P N - - 2009
'Keeping qualities' of hides are dependent on the total microbial flora associated with the hides and the biochemical changes brought about by these microorganisms during short-term storage at ambient temperature (28 +/- 2 degrees C). It was evident that within first 24 hr of hide's ambient storage, bacterial load was ...
Antony Runa - - 2009
We report for the first time the isolation of Cellulosimicrobium cellulans from Antarctic snow. This strain demonstrated physiological traits that were markedly different from that of the mesophilic C. cellulans type strain DSM 43879(T). The dominant cell wall sugars in C. cellulans were glucose, galactose and mannitol whereas rhamnose was ...
Tomaskova Zuzana - - 2009
Recently we observed that a gas messenger H(2)S/HS(-) released NO from S-nitrosoglutathione (Ondrias et al., Pflugers Arch. 457 (2008) 271-279). However, the effect of biological compounds on the release is not known. Measuring the NO oxidation product, which is nitrite, by the Griess reaction, we report that unsaturated fatty acid-linoleic ...
Koppers Adam J - - 2010
Male infertility is a relatively common condition affecting 1 in 20 men of reproductive age. The etiology of this condition is thought to involve the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species by human spermatozoa; however, the cause of this aberrant activity is unknown. In this study we demonstrate that defective ...
Cherif Ammar - - 2009
The evolution of the composition of sterols and squalene during the maturation of the fruit of three cultivars (Achaak, Perlees and Mazetto) almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsh) was investigated. At the same time the evolution of oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids was also studied. The qualitative and quantitative analyses were ...
Chu Jiunn-Nan - - 2010
A Gram-negative, beige-pigmented, aerobic, motile, club-shaped bacterium, designated strain CC-SBABM117(T), was isolated from the stipe of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murrill. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the strain shared <93 % similarity with the type strains of species in the genera Pannonibacter, Methylopila, Nesiotobacter and Stappia. The ...
Shroff Rohit - - 2009
Here, we show the usefulness of a strong base, 1,8-bis(dimethyl-amino)naphthalene (DMAN; proton sponge), as a novel matrix for MALDI-TOF/MS analysis of anions. Several strong and weakly acidic low-molecular-weight analytes (fatty acids, amino acids, fatty acid-amino acid conjugates, plant and animal hormones, vitamins, and short peptides) were measured at physiologically relevant ...
Even Patrick - - 2010
The fatty acid composition of high-fat diets is known to influence the magnitude of postprandial events that increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. These variations in magnitude may be directly ascribed to differences in the channeling of lipids toward oxidation or storage. A study was designed to compare the effects ...
Katsoulieris Elias - - 2009
Unsaturated fatty acids may counteract the lipotoxicity associated with saturated fatty acids. Palmitic acid induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caused apoptotic and necrotic cell death in the renal proximal tubular cell line, NRK-52E. We investigated whether alpha-linolenic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid, protected against ER stress and cell death ...
de Castro Javier - - 2009
New parameters that could be used as tumor markers for lung cancer would be valuable. Our aim was to analyze the fatty acid profiles of total lipids from erythrocytes and platelets from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma to reveal the ...
Vardhan Reddy Puram Vishnu - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier, an Arctic glacier, was studied using 12 sediment samples collected from different points, along a transect, from the snout of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier up to the convergence point of the melt water stream with the sea. Bacterial abundance appeared to be closer to ...
Green Paul W C - - 2009
Extracts of whole booklice (Liposcelis bostrychophila)-sequentially extracted in hexane and aqueous 80% methanol (80%MeOH)-repel conspecifics. A methanol-soluble fraction (MFr) of the 80% methanol extract was more repellent than either its corresponding water fraction (WFr) or the hexane extract. The repellent effect of the MFr was repeatable across extracts prepared on ...
Pianaro Adriana - - 2009
Cuticular wax, abdominal and cephalic extracts of foraging workers and males of Nannotrigona testaceicornis and Plebeia droryana, from the "Aretuzina" farm in S?o Sim?o, SP, Brazil, were analyzed by GC-MS. The principal constituents were hydrocarbons, terpenes, aldehydes, esters, steroids, alcohols, and fatty acids. Interspecific differences for both cuticular wax and ...
Cao Yujin - - 2010
Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that introduce double bonds into fatty acyl chains, among which stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (S-ACP-DES) was widely distributed in the plant kingdom. We cloned the cDNA coding for fab2/ssi2, an S-ACP-DES from Arabidopsis thaliana, into the vector pET30a and heterologously expressed this fatty acid desaturase ...
Gao Jinpeng - - 2009
Polar membrane glycerolipids occur in a mixture of molecular species defined by a polar head group and characteristic acyl groups esterified to a glycerol backbone. A molecular species of phosphatidylglycerol specific to chloroplasts of plants carries a Delta(3-trans) hexadecenoic acid in the sn-2 position of its core glyceryl moiety. The ...
Srinivas T N R - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of seven marine sediment samples of Kongsfjorden and a sediment and a soil sample from Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Arctic was studied. The bacterial abundance in the marine sediments of Kongsfjorden varied marginally (0.5 x 10(3)-1.3 x 10(4) cfu/g sediment) and the bacterial number in the two samples collected ...
Jim??nez J J - - 2009
In this work 44 fatty acids, which were analyzed as methyl esters by GC/MS in scan mode, have been determined in genetically modified corn and soybean seeds. Their relative concentrations have been compared with those of isogenic lines grown in the same conditions. Studied compounds comprised saturated and unsaturated fatty ...
Gorczynski Michael J MJ Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, - - 2009
Nitroalkene fatty acids are potent endogenous ligand activators of PPARgamma-dependent transcription. Previous studies with the naturally occurring regioisomers of nitrolinoleic acid revealed that the isomers are not equivalent with respect to PPARgamma activation. To gain further insight into the structure-activity relationships between nitroalkenes and PPARgamma, we examined additional naturally occurring ...
Skrzypski Jérémy - - 2009
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) play a key role in regulating delta-6 desaturase (D6D), the key enzyme for long-chain PUFA biosynthesis. Nevertheless, the extent of their effects on this enzyme remains controversial and difficult to assess. It has been generally admitted that C18 unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) regulate negatively delta-6 ...
Yao Jia - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the role of unsaturated fatty acid ester substituents in the autoxidation of polysorbate 80 using quantitative kinetics. METHODS: Oxidation kinetics were monitored at 40 degrees C in aqueous solution by tracking head space oxygen consumption using a fiber optic oxygen sensor with phase shift fluorescence detection. Radical ...
Fontaine Thierry - - 2009
A glucuronic acid containing glycerolipid was isolated from the filamentous fungi Aspergillus fumigatus. This acidic glycolipid was extracted from the membrane of mycelium and purified by two successive chromatographic steps on DEAE-Sephadex and Silica columns. Chemical structural analysis was performed using methylation, gas-chromatography, gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry, nano-electrospray mass spectrometry and (1)H/(13)C ...
Gutiérrez A M - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to study the connection between body size, fatty acid composition and sensitivity to lipid peroxidation of heart mitochondria and microsomes isolated from different size bird species: manon (Lonchura striata), quail (Coturnix coturnix var japonica), pigeon (Columba livia), duck (Cairina moschata) and goose (Anser anser), ...
Rahimabadi E Z - - 2009
The proximate and fatty acid composition of two locally important freshwater fish, Schizothorax zarudnyi and Schizocypris altidorsalis, from Sistan Province in Iran were investigated for their nutritional value. The protein and lipid content in the S. zarudnyi were 14.67 and 6.36%, respectively. In S. altidorsalis, protein and lipid content were ...
Fan King-Wai - - 2009
Twenty-five thraustochytrids that belong to the genus Aurantiochytrium were isolated from subtropical mangroves in Hong Kong. Although they have similar morphological and physiological characteristics, they have different colors on a yeast extract-glucose agar plate, which were largely ignored before. On the basis of the differences in their colony color, 25 ...
Simard Jeffrey R - - 2009
Ectopic expression of caveolin-1 in HEK293 cells enhances fatty acid (FA)sequestration in membranes as measured by a pH-sensitive fluorescent dye (1). We hypothesized that sequestration of FA is due to the enrichment of caveolin in the cytosolic leaflet and its ability to facilitate the formation of lipid rafts to buffer ...
Rakpuang Wanida - - 2009
The fatty acid composition of two strains (wild-type and M2 mutant cells of Hansenula polymorpha strain CBS 1976) were studied at different growth temperatures and various concentrations of ricinoleic acid. Two strains of yeast cultured on YEPD medium containing 1, 2, 3 and 8 mM of ricinoleic acid at 25, ...
Blomqvist Maria M Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Gothenburg, - - 2009
The glycosphingolipid sulfatide (SO(3)-3Galbeta1Cer) is a demonstrated ligand for a subset of CD1d-restricted NKT cells, which could regulate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a murine model for multiple sclerosis, as well as tumor immunity and experimental hepatitis. Native sulfatide is a mixture of sulfatide isoforms, i.e. sulfatide molecules with different long-chain bases ...
Ota Masaki - - 2009
Photoautotrophic fatty acid production of a highly CO(2)-tolerant green alga Chlorococcum littorale was investigated in the presence of inorganic carbon and nitrate at 295 K and a light intensity of 170 micromol-photon m(-2) s(-1). CO(2) concentration in the bubbling gas was adjusted by mixing pure gas components of CO(2) and ...
Butovich Igor A - - 2009
Human meibum was targetly analyzed for the presence of intact wax esters (WEs) and related compounds by means of reverse-phase HPLC in combination with ion trap mass spectrometry. The major detected WEs were based on C(18:n) (n = 1-4) unsaturated FAs ranking in the following order of abundance: C(18:1)>C(18:2)>C(18:3)>C(18:4). The ...
Dixon David P DP Centre for Bioactive Chemistry, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, United - - 2009
Proteomic studies with Arabidopsis thaliana have revealed that the plant-specific Tau (U) class glutathione transferases (GSTs) are selectively retained by S-hexylglutathione affinity supports. Overexpression of members of the Arabidopsis GST superfamily in Escherichia coli showed that 25 of the complement of 28 GSTUs caused the aberrant accumulation of acylated glutathione ...
Costa Mariana C - - 2009
For the first time, the solid-liquid phase diagrams of five binary mixtures of saturated fatty acids are here presented. These mixtures are formed of caprylic acid (C(8:0))+capric acid (C(10:0)), capric acid (C(10:0))+lauric acid (C(12:0)), lauric acid (C(12:0))+myristic acid (C(14:0)), myristic acid (C(14:0))+palmitic acid (C(16:0)) and palmitic acid (C(16:0))+stearic acid (C(18:0)). ...
Fang I-Mo - - 2009
Dietary fat modification is a promising approach to prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, which types of fatty acids carry a greater risk for AMD remains unclear. In this study, we compared the effects of 18-carbon fatty acids with different degrees of unsaturation on the expression of the proinflammatory genes ...
Pingitore Attilio - - 2009
This study was undertaken to better understand the physiological role of the retinoylation process in steroidogenic tissues. In adrenal gland mitochondria, the retinoylation extent was found equal to that of testes mitochondria but without ATP in the incubation buffer. We pointed out that the endogenous mitochondrial ATP in adrenal glands ...
Chang Jae Hyun - - 2009
Pendrin (SLC26A4) is a Na(+)-independent Cl(-)/HCO(3) (-) exchanger which is expressed in the apical membranes of type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells within the distal convoluted tubule, the connecting tubule, and the cortical collecting duct. In those segments it mediates HCO(3) (-) secretion and chloride (Cl(-)) absorption. In mice, ...
Xu Deming - - 2009
The balance between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids plays a crucial role in determining the membrane fluidity. In the diploid fungal pathogen Candida albicans, the gene for fatty acid Delta9 desaturase, OLE1, is essential for viability. Using a reverse genetic approach, termed the fitness test, we identified a group of ...
Peters B D - - 2009
Brain white matter myelin abnormalities and cell membrane fatty acid abnormalities have been implicated in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. We investigated in young adults with a psychotic disorder (n=12) whether (poly)unsaturated fatty acid concentrations in erythrocyte membranes are related to an MRI measure of brain white matter, which depends ...
Wei Yuren - - 2009
Chronic exposure to elevated free fatty acids, in particular long chain saturated fatty acids, provokes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and cell death in a number of cell types. The perturbations to the ER that instigate ER stress and activation of the unfolded protein in response to fatty acids in hepatocytes ...
Sakuradani Eiji - - 2009
The isolation and characterization of a gene (MALCE1) that encodes a fatty acid elongase from arachidonic acid-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4 are described. MALCE1 was confirmed to encode a fatty acid elongase by its expression in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, resulting in the accumulation of 18-, 19-, and 20-carbon monounsaturated fatty ...
Kumar G - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of aqueous bark extract of Helicteres isora (HI) (Sterculiaceae) on the blood glucose, plasma insulin and fatty acid composition of the total lipids in the liver, kidney and brain of control and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. The analysis of ...
Cho Cheong-Weon - - 2009
Various enhancers, such as fatty acids (saturated, unsaturated), glycerides, propylene glycols, and non-ionic surfactants, have been incorporated in the loratadine-EVA matrix to increase the rate of skin permeation of loratadine from an EVA matrix. The enhancing effects of these enhancers on the skin permeation of loratadine were evaluated using a ...
Salter Ian - - 2009
Hydrophobic surfactants at the air-sea interface can retard evaporative and gaseous exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean.While numerous studies have examined the metabolic role of bacterioneuston at the air-sea interface, the interactions between hydrophobic surfactants and bacterioplankton are not well constrained. A novel experimental design was developed, using Vibrio ...
Leekumjorn Sukit S Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2009
Studying the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids on biological and model (liposomes) membranes could provide insight into the contribution of biophysical effects on the cytotoxicity observed with saturated fatty acids. In vitro experiments suggest that unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleate and linoleate, are less toxic, and have ...
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