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Rattray Jayne E - - 2010
Anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria have the unique ability to synthesize fatty acids containing linearly concatenated cyclobutane rings, termed "ladderane lipids." In this study we investigated the effect of temperature on the ladderane lipid composition and distribution in anammox enrichment cultures, marine particulate organic matter, and surface sediments. Under controlled laboratory ...
Carpentier Yvon A - - 2010
Exposure of normal rats for 3-7 months to an omega3-deprived diet and subsequent exposure to an omega3-enriched diet were recently proposed as a model to study the metabolic consequences of alteration in the dietary supply of omega3 PUFA and their time course. The same animal model was used in the ...
Sepulveda Jorge L - - 2010
CONTEXT: Whether cell membrane fatty acid (FA) composition is a useful indicator of vascular disease is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study variation of erythrocyte (RBC) membrane FA in samples from healthy volunteers, hospitalized patients, and cardiac troponin I-elevated patients with myocardial damage without a priori assumptions as to FA composition. DESIGN: ...
Okino Nozomu - - 2010
Ceramidase (CDase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of ceramide (Cer) to sphingosine (Sph) and fatty acid. We have reported the molecular cloning and preliminary characterization of the Mycobacterium CDase (MtCDase) (J. Biol. Chem., 274, 36616-36622 (1999)). To determine its function further, MtCDase was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by Ni-Sepharose and ...
Subramanian Chitra - - 2010
The fabA and fabB genes are responsible for anaerobic unsaturated fatty acid formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Expression of the fabAB operon was repressed by exogenous unsaturated fatty acids, and DNA sequences upstream of the translational start site were used to affinity purify DesT. The single protein interaction with the fabAB ...
Nunome Yoko - - 2010
Fatty acids (FAs) are biological molecules that are used as major metabolic fuels, and are concerned in important metabolic processes. We have performed a non-invasive and technically rapid and simple method for collecting sweat from humans, followed by GC/MS determination. The sweat was collected from each volunteer (the middle finger) ...
Tan Y Y Laboratory of Analytical Microbiology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, - - 2010
Gas chromatography (GC) was utilized to investigate the cellular fatty acids (CFAs) composition of 141 Yersinia pestis isolates from different plague foci of China, and 20 Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strains as well. The whole cell fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were obtained by saponification, methylation and extraction followed with analysis using ...
Lemaitre Rozenn N - - 2010
Little is known of the associations of endogenous fatty acids with sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). We investigated the associations of SCA with red blood cell membrane fatty acids that are end products of de novo fatty acid synthesis: myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1 n7), vaccenic acid ...
Collins Jennifer M - - 2010
De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is paradoxically up-regulated by its end product, saturated fatty acids (SAFAs). We tested the hypothesis that SAFA-induced up-regulation of DNL reflects coordinate up-regulation of elongation and desaturation pathways for disposal of SAFAs and production of monounsaturated fatty acids to protect cells from SAFA toxicity. Human preadipocytes ...
Binienda Z K - - 2010
In order to clarify the mechanism of action of cerulenin analog, C75, known to suppress feeding behavior, food intake was measured in adult CD-1 male mice n=5 per group, treated i.p. with 10 and 20mg/kg of C75. Animals in both treatment groups had significantly lower 24h food consumption rate relative ...
Guillou Herv? - - 2010
In mammalian cells, elongases and desaturases play critical roles in regulating the length and degree of unsaturation of fatty acids and thereby their functions and metabolic fates. In the past decade, a great deal has been learnt about these enzymes and the first part of this review summarizes our current ...
Pathan Akbar Ali Khan - - 2010
A total of 132 yeast strains were characterised from 4 sediment samples collected from small puddles in the vicinity of Midre Lov?nbreen glacier, Arctic. Based on the D1/D2 domain sequence similarity, the isolates could be categorised into 6 groups. The nearest phylogenetic neighbour of groups I to VI were identified ...
Das Undurti N - - 2010
Trypanosomiasis is common in Africa and South America. The surface of trypanosomes is covered by glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) that contains the fatty acid myristate (14:0) as its lipid moiety that is essential for its survival. Myristic acid, being a saturated fatty acid, is resistant to peroxidation. ...
Go?ebiowski Marek - - 2010
The pine moth Dendrolimus pini effectively resists many insecticides, but it can be controlled by the use of bioinsecticides such as entomopathogenic fungi. In the use of microbial agents for the biocontrol of D. pini, it is important to identify the cuticular lipids of this pest if we are to ...
Yildirim Nalan - - 2009
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and fatty acid (FAME) profiles were used to examine phenotypic and genetic relationships among 16 Centaurea species growing wild in the eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Thirteen decamer primers were used to examine polymorphism. According to the RAPD results, 99 amplicons in the size range ...
Bae Jae-Han - - 2010
The hydroxylation of unsaturated fatty acids by bacterial strains is one type of value-adding bioconversion processes. This process generates new hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) carrying special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity compared with normal fatty acids. Among microbial strains tested for HFA production, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3 is well ...
Mishra Soni - - 2010
Oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) is the most abundant cis-unsaturated fatty acid in nature; it is distributed in almost all organisms. In this work, we present a detailed vibrational spectroscopy investigation of Oleic acid by using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. These data are supported by quantum mechanical calculations, which allow us ...
Ruenwai Rawisara - - 2009
The effect of oxygen availability on the molecular mechanisms of fatty acid biosynthesis was investigated in Mucor rouxii, a Mucorale fungus capable of producing gamma-linolenic acid through perturbation of the gaseous environment. Shifting of the M. rouxii culture from anaerobic to aerobic conditions resulted in an increase of the biomass ...
Hon G M - - 2009
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. We determined the fatty acid composition within the different phospholipid fractions of red blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cell membranes of 31 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy control subjects using gas ...
Shede P N - - 2009
'Keeping qualities' of hides are dependent on the total microbial flora associated with the hides and the biochemical changes brought about by these microorganisms during short-term storage at ambient temperature (28 +/- 2 degrees C). It was evident that within first 24 hr of hide's ambient storage, bacterial load was ...
Antony Runa - - 2009
We report for the first time the isolation of Cellulosimicrobium cellulans from Antarctic snow. This strain demonstrated physiological traits that were markedly different from that of the mesophilic C. cellulans type strain DSM 43879(T). The dominant cell wall sugars in C. cellulans were glucose, galactose and mannitol whereas rhamnose was ...
Tomaskova Zuzana - - 2009
Recently we observed that a gas messenger H(2)S/HS(-) released NO from S-nitrosoglutathione (Ondrias et al., Pflugers Arch. 457 (2008) 271-279). However, the effect of biological compounds on the release is not known. Measuring the NO oxidation product, which is nitrite, by the Griess reaction, we report that unsaturated fatty acid-linoleic ...
Koppers Adam J - - 2010
Male infertility is a relatively common condition affecting 1 in 20 men of reproductive age. The etiology of this condition is thought to involve the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species by human spermatozoa; however, the cause of this aberrant activity is unknown. In this study we demonstrate that defective ...
Cherif Ammar - - 2009
The evolution of the composition of sterols and squalene during the maturation of the fruit of three cultivars (Achaak, Perlees and Mazetto) almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsh) was investigated. At the same time the evolution of oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids was also studied. The qualitative and quantitative analyses were ...
Chu Jiunn-Nan - - 2010
A Gram-negative, beige-pigmented, aerobic, motile, club-shaped bacterium, designated strain CC-SBABM117(T), was isolated from the stipe of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murrill. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the strain shared <93 % similarity with the type strains of species in the genera Pannonibacter, Methylopila, Nesiotobacter and Stappia. The ...
Shroff Rohit - - 2009
Here, we show the usefulness of a strong base, 1,8-bis(dimethyl-amino)naphthalene (DMAN; proton sponge), as a novel matrix for MALDI-TOF/MS analysis of anions. Several strong and weakly acidic low-molecular-weight analytes (fatty acids, amino acids, fatty acid-amino acid conjugates, plant and animal hormones, vitamins, and short peptides) were measured at physiologically relevant ...
Even Patrick - - 2010
The fatty acid composition of high-fat diets is known to influence the magnitude of postprandial events that increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. These variations in magnitude may be directly ascribed to differences in the channeling of lipids toward oxidation or storage. A study was designed to compare the effects ...
Katsoulieris Elias - - 2009
Unsaturated fatty acids may counteract the lipotoxicity associated with saturated fatty acids. Palmitic acid induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caused apoptotic and necrotic cell death in the renal proximal tubular cell line, NRK-52E. We investigated whether alpha-linolenic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid, protected against ER stress and cell death ...
de Castro Javier - - 2009
New parameters that could be used as tumor markers for lung cancer would be valuable. Our aim was to analyze the fatty acid profiles of total lipids from erythrocytes and platelets from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma to reveal the ...
Vardhan Reddy Puram Vishnu - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier, an Arctic glacier, was studied using 12 sediment samples collected from different points, along a transect, from the snout of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier up to the convergence point of the melt water stream with the sea. Bacterial abundance appeared to be closer to ...
Green Paul W C - - 2009
Extracts of whole booklice (Liposcelis bostrychophila)-sequentially extracted in hexane and aqueous 80% methanol (80%MeOH)-repel conspecifics. A methanol-soluble fraction (MFr) of the 80% methanol extract was more repellent than either its corresponding water fraction (WFr) or the hexane extract. The repellent effect of the MFr was repeatable across extracts prepared on ...
Pianaro Adriana - - 2009
Cuticular wax, abdominal and cephalic extracts of foraging workers and males of Nannotrigona testaceicornis and Plebeia droryana, from the "Aretuzina" farm in S?o Sim?o, SP, Brazil, were analyzed by GC-MS. The principal constituents were hydrocarbons, terpenes, aldehydes, esters, steroids, alcohols, and fatty acids. Interspecific differences for both cuticular wax and ...
Cao Yujin - - 2010
Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that introduce double bonds into fatty acyl chains, among which stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (S-ACP-DES) was widely distributed in the plant kingdom. We cloned the cDNA coding for fab2/ssi2, an S-ACP-DES from Arabidopsis thaliana, into the vector pET30a and heterologously expressed this fatty acid desaturase ...
Gao Jinpeng - - 2009
Polar membrane glycerolipids occur in a mixture of molecular species defined by a polar head group and characteristic acyl groups esterified to a glycerol backbone. A molecular species of phosphatidylglycerol specific to chloroplasts of plants carries a Delta(3-trans) hexadecenoic acid in the sn-2 position of its core glyceryl moiety. The ...
Gorczynski Michael J - - 2009
Nitroalkene fatty acids are potent endogenous ligand activators of PPARgamma-dependent transcription. Previous studies with the naturally occurring regioisomers of nitrolinoleic acid revealed that the isomers are not equivalent with respect to PPARgamma activation. To gain further insight into the structure-activity relationships between nitroalkenes and PPARgamma, we examined additional naturally occurring ...
Srinivas T N R - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of seven marine sediment samples of Kongsfjorden and a sediment and a soil sample from Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Arctic was studied. The bacterial abundance in the marine sediments of Kongsfjorden varied marginally (0.5 x 10(3)-1.3 x 10(4) cfu/g sediment) and the bacterial number in the two samples collected ...
Jim??nez J J - - 2009
In this work 44 fatty acids, which were analyzed as methyl esters by GC/MS in scan mode, have been determined in genetically modified corn and soybean seeds. Their relative concentrations have been compared with those of isogenic lines grown in the same conditions. Studied compounds comprised saturated and unsaturated fatty ...
Skrzypski Jérémy - - 2009
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) play a key role in regulating delta-6 desaturase (D6D), the key enzyme for long-chain PUFA biosynthesis. Nevertheless, the extent of their effects on this enzyme remains controversial and difficult to assess. It has been generally admitted that C18 unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) regulate negatively delta-6 ...
Yao Jia - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the role of unsaturated fatty acid ester substituents in the autoxidation of polysorbate 80 using quantitative kinetics. METHODS: Oxidation kinetics were monitored at 40 degrees C in aqueous solution by tracking head space oxygen consumption using a fiber optic oxygen sensor with phase shift fluorescence detection. Radical ...
Fontaine Thierry - - 2009
A glucuronic acid containing glycerolipid was isolated from the filamentous fungi Aspergillus fumigatus. This acidic glycolipid was extracted from the membrane of mycelium and purified by two successive chromatographic steps on DEAE-Sephadex and Silica columns. Chemical structural analysis was performed using methylation, gas-chromatography, gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry, nano-electrospray mass spectrometry and (1)H/(13)C ...
Gutiérrez A M - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to study the connection between body size, fatty acid composition and sensitivity to lipid peroxidation of heart mitochondria and microsomes isolated from different size bird species: manon (Lonchura striata), quail (Coturnix coturnix var japonica), pigeon (Columba livia), duck (Cairina moschata) and goose (Anser anser), ...
Rahimabadi E Z - - 2009
The proximate and fatty acid composition of two locally important freshwater fish, Schizothorax zarudnyi and Schizocypris altidorsalis, from Sistan Province in Iran were investigated for their nutritional value. The protein and lipid content in the S. zarudnyi were 14.67 and 6.36%, respectively. In S. altidorsalis, protein and lipid content were ...
Fan King-Wai - - 2009
Twenty-five thraustochytrids that belong to the genus Aurantiochytrium were isolated from subtropical mangroves in Hong Kong. Although they have similar morphological and physiological characteristics, they have different colors on a yeast extract-glucose agar plate, which were largely ignored before. On the basis of the differences in their colony color, 25 ...
Simard Jeffrey R - - 2009
Ectopic expression of caveolin-1 in HEK293 cells enhances fatty acid (FA)sequestration in membranes as measured by a pH-sensitive fluorescent dye (1). We hypothesized that sequestration of FA is due to the enrichment of caveolin in the cytosolic leaflet and its ability to facilitate the formation of lipid rafts to buffer ...
Rakpuang Wanida - - 2009
The fatty acid composition of two strains (wild-type and M2 mutant cells of Hansenula polymorpha strain CBS 1976) were studied at different growth temperatures and various concentrations of ricinoleic acid. Two strains of yeast cultured on YEPD medium containing 1, 2, 3 and 8 mM of ricinoleic acid at 25, ...
Blomqvist Maria - - 2009
The glycosphingolipid sulfatide (SO(3)-3Galbeta1Cer) is a demonstrated ligand for a subset of CD1d-restricted NKT cells, which could regulate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a murine model for multiple sclerosis, as well as tumor immunity and experimental hepatitis. Native sulfatide is a mixture of sulfatide isoforms, i.e. sulfatide molecules with different long-chain bases ...
Ota Masaki - - 2009
Photoautotrophic fatty acid production of a highly CO(2)-tolerant green alga Chlorococcum littorale was investigated in the presence of inorganic carbon and nitrate at 295 K and a light intensity of 170 micromol-photon m(-2) s(-1). CO(2) concentration in the bubbling gas was adjusted by mixing pure gas components of CO(2) and ...
Butovich Igor A - - 2009
Human meibum was targetly analyzed for the presence of intact wax esters (WEs) and related compounds by means of reverse-phase HPLC in combination with ion trap mass spectrometry. The major detected WEs were based on C(18:n) (n = 1-4) unsaturated FAs ranking in the following order of abundance: C(18:1)>C(18:2)>C(18:3)>C(18:4). The ...
Dixon David P - - 2009
Proteomic studies with Arabidopsis thaliana have revealed that the plant-specific Tau (U) class glutathione transferases (GSTs) are selectively retained by S-hexylglutathione affinity supports. Overexpression of members of the Arabidopsis GST superfamily in Escherichia coli showed that 25 of the complement of 28 GSTUs caused the aberrant accumulation of acylated glutathione ...
Costa Mariana C - - 2009
For the first time, the solid-liquid phase diagrams of five binary mixtures of saturated fatty acids are here presented. These mixtures are formed of caprylic acid (C(8:0))+capric acid (C(10:0)), capric acid (C(10:0))+lauric acid (C(12:0)), lauric acid (C(12:0))+myristic acid (C(14:0)), myristic acid (C(14:0))+palmitic acid (C(16:0)) and palmitic acid (C(16:0))+stearic acid (C(18:0)). ...
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