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Fischer Janett - - 2010
Cis-trans isomerization of unsaturated fatty acids is a crucial adaptive reaction of Pseudomonas and Vibrio species to toxic organic compounds or other environmental stress factors. In order to test the long-term performance of this adaptive mechanism as well as to assess its application as biomarker for environmental contamination studies were ...
Schielke Stephanie - - 2010
Free fatty acids are important antimicrobial substances regulating the homeostasis of colonizing bacteria on epithelial surfaces. Here, we show that meningococci express a functional farAB efflux pump, which is indispensable for fatty acid resistance. However, other than in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the transcriptional regulator FarR is not involved in regulation of ...
Hassan Hani Mutlak A - - 2010
An efficient synthetic methodology to gain access to novel cis- and trans-unsaturated amino acids via ring-closing metathesis in high yields is described.
Zhao Feng - - 2010
We evaluated the biochemical composition of juvenile cultured and wild silver pomfret Pampus argenteus. Cultured silver pomfret (SF) had significantly (P<0.05) lower crude protein content and higher crude lipid content than wild SF. Concentrations of almost all amino acids, except glycine and arginine, were significantly higher (P<0.05) in wild SF ...
Green Christopher D - - 2010
Enhanced production of monounsaturated fatty acids (FA) derived from carbohydrate-enriched diets has been implicated in the development of obesity and insulin resistance. The FA elongases Elovl-5 and Elovl-6 are regulated by nutrient and hormone status, and have been shown using intact yeast and mammalian microsome fractions to be involved in ...
Morgan Noel G - - 2010
It is widely accepted that, in type 2 diabetes, elevated levels of free fatty acids and glucose contribute to a state of glucolipotoxicity in which beta-cell function declines and, ultimately, cell viability is compromised. This suggests that beta-cells do not readily tolerate chronic elevations in fatty acid levels. In vitro ...
Ofman Rob - - 2010
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene encoding the peroxisomal ABC transporter adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ALDP). X-ALD is characterized by the accumulation of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA; > or =C24) in plasma and tissues. In this manuscript we provide insight into the pathway underlying the elevated ...
Omidi Heshmat - - 2010
Vegetable oils with a high relative amount of unsaturated fatty acids are of great significance for human health. There is not any data on the effects of tillage practices on fatty acid composition of canola (Brassica napus L.). Hence, in a 2-year split plot experiment, the effects of different tillage ...
Seibert Carla Simone - - 2010
Lonomia obliqua caterpillar bristle extract induces hemolysis in vitro on washed human and rat erythrocytes, in either the absence or presence of exogenous lecithin. In the former condition, phospholipases A(2) are key enzymes involved in hemolysis. However, the mechanism whereby this extract causes direct hemolysis is not known. Thus, the ...
Hommelberg Pascal P H - - 2010
Long-chain saturated fatty acids such as palmitic acid induce insulin resistance and NF-kappaB activation in skeletal muscle cells. Here we investigated the effects of long-chain fatty acid (FA) saturation and configuration on NF-kappaB activity and insulin sensitivity in cultured skeletal muscle cells. Of all tested unsaturated FAs, only elaidic acid ...
Cao Yujin - - 2010
Biodiesel is an interesting alternative energy source and is used as substitute for petroleum-based diesel. Microorganisms have been used for biodiesel production due to their significant environmental and economic benefits. However, few researches have investigated the regulation of fatty acid composition of these microbial diesels. Fatty acid biosynthesis in Escherichia ...
Sukhanova E I - - 2010
The effect of fatty acids and mitochondria-targeted lipophilic cations (SkQ1, SkQ3, MitoQ, and C(12)TPP) on tightly-coupled mitochondria from yeasts Dipodascus (Endomyces) magnusii and Yarrowia lipolytica was investigated. Micromolar concentrations of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were found to decrease the membrane potential, which was recovered almost totally by ATP and ...
Zhu Lieceng - - 2010
We analyzed the accumulation of six phytohormones and phytohormone-related compounds in a wheat, Triticum aestivium L., genotype, 'Molly', after attacks by avirulent and virulent Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), larvae, respectively, and we examined the expression of genes in the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway by Northern blot analysis. ...
Hsu Fong-Fu FF Mass Spectrometry Resource, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Lipid research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2010
Linear ion-trap multiple-stage mass spectrometric approach (MS(n)) towards nearly complete structural elucidation of triacylglycerol (TAG) including (1) assignment the fatty acid substituents on the glycerol backbone and (2) location of the double bond(s) on the unsaturated fatty acyl groups is reported. The characterization is established by the findings that MS(2) ...
Martínez Eriel - - 2010
We have studied oxygenation of fatty acids by cell extract of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2. Oleic acid ((9Z)-18:1) was transformed to (10S)-hydroperoxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid ((10S)-HPOME) and to (7S,10S)-dihydroxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid (7,10-DiHOME). Experiments under oxygen-18 showed that 7,10-DiHOME contained oxygen from air and was formed sequentially from (10S)-HPOME by isomerization. (10R)-HPOME was not isomerized. ...
Yang Yixin - - 2010
Biobased omega-carboxy fatty acid monomers 1,18-cis-9-octadecenedioic, 1,22-cis-9-docosenedioic, and 1,18-cis-9,10-epoxy-octadecanedioic acids were synthesized in high conversion yields from oleic, erucic and epoxy stearic acids by whole-cell biotransformations catalyzed by C. tropicalis ATCC20962. Maximum volumetric yields in shake-flasks were 17.3, 14.2, and 19.1 g/L after 48 h conversion for oleic acid and ...
Montanari Chiara - - 2010
An implemented GC method to separate and quantify the cell cyclopropane fatty acids lactobacillic (C19cyc11) and dehydrosterculic (C19cyc9) was used to study the adaptive response to sublethal acid and cold stresses in Lactobacillus helveticus and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis. The comparison of the composition of cellular fatty acids of the two strains ...
Rattray Jayne E - - 2010
Anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria have the unique ability to synthesize fatty acids containing linearly concatenated cyclobutane rings, termed "ladderane lipids." In this study we investigated the effect of temperature on the ladderane lipid composition and distribution in anammox enrichment cultures, marine particulate organic matter, and surface sediments. Under controlled laboratory ...
Carpentier Yvon A - - 2010
Exposure of normal rats for 3-7 months to an omega3-deprived diet and subsequent exposure to an omega3-enriched diet were recently proposed as a model to study the metabolic consequences of alteration in the dietary supply of omega3 PUFA and their time course. The same animal model was used in the ...
Sepulveda Jorge L - - 2010
CONTEXT: Whether cell membrane fatty acid (FA) composition is a useful indicator of vascular disease is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study variation of erythrocyte (RBC) membrane FA in samples from healthy volunteers, hospitalized patients, and cardiac troponin I-elevated patients with myocardial damage without a priori assumptions as to FA composition. DESIGN: ...
Okino Nozomu - - 2010
Ceramidase (CDase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of ceramide (Cer) to sphingosine (Sph) and fatty acid. We have reported the molecular cloning and preliminary characterization of the Mycobacterium CDase (MtCDase) (J. Biol. Chem., 274, 36616-36622 (1999)). To determine its function further, MtCDase was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by Ni-Sepharose and ...
Subramanian Chitra - - 2010
The fabA and fabB genes are responsible for anaerobic unsaturated fatty acid formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Expression of the fabAB operon was repressed by exogenous unsaturated fatty acids, and DNA sequences upstream of the translational start site were used to affinity purify DesT. The single protein interaction with the fabAB ...
Nunome Yoko - - 2010
Fatty acids (FAs) are biological molecules that are used as major metabolic fuels, and are concerned in important metabolic processes. We have performed a non-invasive and technically rapid and simple method for collecting sweat from humans, followed by GC/MS determination. The sweat was collected from each volunteer (the middle finger) ...
Tan Y Y Laboratory of Analytical Microbiology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, - - 2010
Gas chromatography (GC) was utilized to investigate the cellular fatty acids (CFAs) composition of 141 Yersinia pestis isolates from different plague foci of China, and 20 Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strains as well. The whole cell fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were obtained by saponification, methylation and extraction followed with analysis using ...
Lemaitre Rozenn N RN Cardiovascular Health Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. - - 2010
Little is known of the associations of endogenous fatty acids with sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). We investigated the associations of SCA with red blood cell membrane fatty acids that are end products of de novo fatty acid synthesis: myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1 n7), vaccenic acid ...
Collins Jennifer M - - 2010
De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is paradoxically up-regulated by its end product, saturated fatty acids (SAFAs). We tested the hypothesis that SAFA-induced up-regulation of DNL reflects coordinate up-regulation of elongation and desaturation pathways for disposal of SAFAs and production of monounsaturated fatty acids to protect cells from SAFA toxicity. Human preadipocytes ...
Binienda Z K - - 2010
In order to clarify the mechanism of action of cerulenin analog, C75, known to suppress feeding behavior, food intake was measured in adult CD-1 male mice n=5 per group, treated i.p. with 10 and 20mg/kg of C75. Animals in both treatment groups had significantly lower 24h food consumption rate relative ...
Guillou Herv? - - 2010
In mammalian cells, elongases and desaturases play critical roles in regulating the length and degree of unsaturation of fatty acids and thereby their functions and metabolic fates. In the past decade, a great deal has been learnt about these enzymes and the first part of this review summarizes our current ...
Pathan Akbar Ali Khan - - 2010
A total of 132 yeast strains were characterised from 4 sediment samples collected from small puddles in the vicinity of Midre Lov?nbreen glacier, Arctic. Based on the D1/D2 domain sequence similarity, the isolates could be categorised into 6 groups. The nearest phylogenetic neighbour of groups I to VI were identified ...
Das Undurti N - - 2010
Trypanosomiasis is common in Africa and South America. The surface of trypanosomes is covered by glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) that contains the fatty acid myristate (14:0) as its lipid moiety that is essential for its survival. Myristic acid, being a saturated fatty acid, is resistant to peroxidation. ...
Go?ebiowski Marek - - 2010
The pine moth Dendrolimus pini effectively resists many insecticides, but it can be controlled by the use of bioinsecticides such as entomopathogenic fungi. In the use of microbial agents for the biocontrol of D. pini, it is important to identify the cuticular lipids of this pest if we are to ...
Yildirim Nalan - - 2009
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and fatty acid (FAME) profiles were used to examine phenotypic and genetic relationships among 16 Centaurea species growing wild in the eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Thirteen decamer primers were used to examine polymorphism. According to the RAPD results, 99 amplicons in the size range ...
Bae Jae-Han - - 2010
The hydroxylation of unsaturated fatty acids by bacterial strains is one type of value-adding bioconversion processes. This process generates new hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) carrying special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity compared with normal fatty acids. Among microbial strains tested for HFA production, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3 is well ...
Mishra Soni - - 2010
Oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) is the most abundant cis-unsaturated fatty acid in nature; it is distributed in almost all organisms. In this work, we present a detailed vibrational spectroscopy investigation of Oleic acid by using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. These data are supported by quantum mechanical calculations, which allow us ...
Ruenwai Rawisara - - 2009
The effect of oxygen availability on the molecular mechanisms of fatty acid biosynthesis was investigated in Mucor rouxii, a Mucorale fungus capable of producing gamma-linolenic acid through perturbation of the gaseous environment. Shifting of the M. rouxii culture from anaerobic to aerobic conditions resulted in an increase of the biomass ...
Hon G M - - 2009
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. We determined the fatty acid composition within the different phospholipid fractions of red blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cell membranes of 31 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and 30 healthy control subjects using gas ...
Shede P N - - 2009
'Keeping qualities' of hides are dependent on the total microbial flora associated with the hides and the biochemical changes brought about by these microorganisms during short-term storage at ambient temperature (28 +/- 2 degrees C). It was evident that within first 24 hr of hide's ambient storage, bacterial load was ...
Antony Runa - - 2009
We report for the first time the isolation of Cellulosimicrobium cellulans from Antarctic snow. This strain demonstrated physiological traits that were markedly different from that of the mesophilic C. cellulans type strain DSM 43879(T). The dominant cell wall sugars in C. cellulans were glucose, galactose and mannitol whereas rhamnose was ...
Tomaskova Zuzana - - 2009
Recently we observed that a gas messenger H(2)S/HS(-) released NO from S-nitrosoglutathione (Ondrias et al., Pflugers Arch. 457 (2008) 271-279). However, the effect of biological compounds on the release is not known. Measuring the NO oxidation product, which is nitrite, by the Griess reaction, we report that unsaturated fatty acid-linoleic ...
Koppers Adam J - - 2010
Male infertility is a relatively common condition affecting 1 in 20 men of reproductive age. The etiology of this condition is thought to involve the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species by human spermatozoa; however, the cause of this aberrant activity is unknown. In this study we demonstrate that defective ...
Cherif Ammar - - 2009
The evolution of the composition of sterols and squalene during the maturation of the fruit of three cultivars (Achaak, Perlees and Mazetto) almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsh) was investigated. At the same time the evolution of oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids was also studied. The qualitative and quantitative analyses were ...
Chu Jiunn-Nan - - 2010
A Gram-negative, beige-pigmented, aerobic, motile, club-shaped bacterium, designated strain CC-SBABM117(T), was isolated from the stipe of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murrill. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the strain shared <93 % similarity with the type strains of species in the genera Pannonibacter, Methylopila, Nesiotobacter and Stappia. The ...
Shroff Rohit - - 2009
Here, we show the usefulness of a strong base, 1,8-bis(dimethyl-amino)naphthalene (DMAN; proton sponge), as a novel matrix for MALDI-TOF/MS analysis of anions. Several strong and weakly acidic low-molecular-weight analytes (fatty acids, amino acids, fatty acid-amino acid conjugates, plant and animal hormones, vitamins, and short peptides) were measured at physiologically relevant ...
Even Patrick - - 2010
The fatty acid composition of high-fat diets is known to influence the magnitude of postprandial events that increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. These variations in magnitude may be directly ascribed to differences in the channeling of lipids toward oxidation or storage. A study was designed to compare the effects ...
Katsoulieris Elias - - 2009
Unsaturated fatty acids may counteract the lipotoxicity associated with saturated fatty acids. Palmitic acid induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caused apoptotic and necrotic cell death in the renal proximal tubular cell line, NRK-52E. We investigated whether alpha-linolenic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid, protected against ER stress and cell death ...
de Castro Javier - - 2009
New parameters that could be used as tumor markers for lung cancer would be valuable. Our aim was to analyze the fatty acid profiles of total lipids from erythrocytes and platelets from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma to reveal the ...
Vardhan Reddy Puram Vishnu - - 2009
Culturable bacterial diversity of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier, an Arctic glacier, was studied using 12 sediment samples collected from different points, along a transect, from the snout of Midtre Lovenbreen glacier up to the convergence point of the melt water stream with the sea. Bacterial abundance appeared to be closer to ...
Green Paul W C - - 2009
Extracts of whole booklice (Liposcelis bostrychophila)-sequentially extracted in hexane and aqueous 80% methanol (80%MeOH)-repel conspecifics. A methanol-soluble fraction (MFr) of the 80% methanol extract was more repellent than either its corresponding water fraction (WFr) or the hexane extract. The repellent effect of the MFr was repeatable across extracts prepared on ...
Pianaro Adriana - - 2009
Cuticular wax, abdominal and cephalic extracts of foraging workers and males of Nannotrigona testaceicornis and Plebeia droryana, from the "Aretuzina" farm in S?o Sim?o, SP, Brazil, were analyzed by GC-MS. The principal constituents were hydrocarbons, terpenes, aldehydes, esters, steroids, alcohols, and fatty acids. Interspecific differences for both cuticular wax and ...
Cao Yujin - - 2010
Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that introduce double bonds into fatty acyl chains, among which stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (S-ACP-DES) was widely distributed in the plant kingdom. We cloned the cDNA coding for fab2/ssi2, an S-ACP-DES from Arabidopsis thaliana, into the vector pET30a and heterologously expressed this fatty acid desaturase ...
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