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Oh Yun Kyu - - 2010
Metabolic acid-base disorders are comnom clinical problems in ICU patients. Arterial blood gas analysis and anion gap (AG) are important laboratory data in approaching acid-base interpretation. When measuring the AG, several factors such as albumin have influence on unmeasured anions and unmeasured cations. If a patient has hypoalbuminemia, the AG ...
Hua Yimin Y Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, - - 2010
Chemically modified silicon nanoparticles were applied for the laser desorption/negative ionization of small acids. A series of substituted sulfonic acids and fatty acids was studied. Compared to desorption ionization on porous silicon (DIOS) and other matrix-less laser desorption/ionization techniques, silicon nanoparticle-assisted laser desorption/ionization (SPALDI) mass spectrometry allows for the analysis ...
Cheawchanlertfa Pattsarun - - 2011
Transcriptional response of desaturase genes to low temperature was investigated in the dimorphic fungus Mucor rouxii. The two morphological forms of M. rouxii, yeast-like and mycelial cells containing different fatty acid profiles were shifted from 30 to 10°C. Both cultures exhibited significantly altered fatty acid composition, whose content in polyunsaturated ...
Asahi Hiroko - - 2011
Different combinations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) had variable effects on intraerythrocytic growth of Plasmodium falciparum. All stages of the parasite cultured in medium supplemented with cis-9-octadecenoic acid (C18:1-cis-9), hexadecanoic acid (C16:0), phospholipids (Pld) and bovine albumin free of NEFA were similar to those grown in complete growth medium. Three ...
Tu Zhude Z Division of Radiological Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2010
15-(4-(2-[¹⁸F]fluoroethoxy)phenyl)pentadecanoic acid ([¹⁸F]7) was synthesized as a PET probe for assessing myocardial fatty acid metabolism. The radiosynthesis of [¹⁸F]7 was accomplished using a two-step reaction, starting with the corresponding tosylate ester, methyl 15-(4-(2-(tosyloxy)ethoxy)phenyl)pentadecanoate (5), and gave the radiolabeled fatty acid, [¹⁸F]7 in a radiolabeling yield of 55-60% and a specific ...
Kim Hyun-Soo - - 2011
The effect of change in unsaturated fatty acid composition on ethanol tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae overexpressing ScOLE1 (∆9 fatty acid desaturase gene of S. cerevisiae), CaFAD2 (∆12 fatty acid desaturase gene of Candida albicans), or CaFAD3 (ω3 fatty acid desaturase gene of C. albicans) was examined. ScOLE1 over-expression increased the ...
Lu Wenhua - - 2010
Omega-hydroxyfatty acids are excellent monomers for synthesizing a unique family of polyethylene-like biobased plastics. However, ω-hydroxyfatty acids are difficult and expensive to prepare by traditional organic synthesis, precluding their use in commodity materials. Here we report the engineering of a strain of the diploid yeast Candida tropicalis to produce commercially ...
Kuppardt Steffen - - 2010
Removal of potential pathogenic bacteria, for example, during wastewater treatment, is effected by sorption, filtration, natural die-off, lysis by viruses, and grazing by protists, but the actual contribution of grazing has never been assessed quantitatively. A methodical approach for analyzing the grazing of protists on (13)C-labeled prey bacteria was developed ...
Wang De-Cai - - 2012
Previous studies showed the relationship between fatty acids and the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, they did not address potential differences in free fatty acid (FFA) profiles that could be used to distinguish between AD patients and healthy controls. In the present study we used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ...
Nguyen Long Nam - - 2011
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) are essential components of cells. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, stearoyl-coenzyme A (CoA) desaturase 1 (OLE1) affects cell viability through the regulation of oleic (18:1) or palmitoleic (16:1) acid production. In this study, we used a targeted gene deletion approach to determine the impact of OLE1 on the ...
Tang Dahai - - 2011
In this study, Scenedesmus obliquus SJTU-3 and Chlorella pyrenoidosa SJTU-2 were cultivated with 0.03%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 50% CO(2). The two microalgae could grow at 50% CO(2) (>0.69 g L(-1)) and grew well (>1.22 g L(-1)) under CO(2) concentrations ranging from 5% to 20%. Both of the two examined ...
Mehdinia Ali - - 2010
A novel nano-structured copolymer of aniline and m-amino benzoic acid (m-ABA) was introduced as a coating of solid phase microextraction (SPME) of saturated-fatty acids in zooplanktons by coupling to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The nano-structured coating was prepared using co-polymerization of m-aminobenzoic acid and aniline. Improved temperature resistance (up to ...
Rioux Vincent - - 2011
Myristic acid, the 14-carbon saturated fatty acid (C14:0), usually accounts for small amounts (0.5%-1% weight of total fatty acids) in animal tissues. Since it is a relatively rare molecule in the cells, the specific properties and functional roles of myristic acid have not been fully studied and described. Like other ...
Thörn Kristofer - - 2010
Palmitate negatively affects insulin secretion and apoptosis in the pancreatic β-cell. The detrimental effects are abolished by elongating and desaturating the fatty acid into oleate. To investigate mechanisms of how the two fatty acids differently affect β-cell function and apoptosis, lipid handling was determined in MIN6 cells cultured in the ...
Bullard James W - - 2011
Triclosan is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent having low toxicity which facilitates its incorporation into numerous personal and health care products. Although triclosan acts against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria by affecting fatty acid biosynthesis, it is ineffective against the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Wild-type strain P. aeruginosa ...
Vraspir Julia M JM Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9510, - - 2011
Marine bacterial isolates Vibrio sp. HC0601C5 and Halomonas meridiana str. HC4321C1 were isolated off the coast of southern California and were found to produce an expanded suite of previously identified amphiphilic siderophores. Specifically two new members of the amphibactin family, amphibactins S and T, which have a C14:1 ω-7 fatty ...
Harvey Kevin A - - 2010
Saturated fatty acids (SFAs), significant components of both enteral/parenteral nutritional formulations (including diet), are linked to cardiovascular disease complications, such as atherosclerosis. We investigated whether oleic acid (C18:1n-9) reduces the growth inhibitory and pro-inflammatory effects of the stearic acid (C18:0) in human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC). Stearic acid induced growth ...
Maté Sabina M - - 2010
We have assessed that nuclear lipids from rat kidney cells are not only membrane components, but they are also found within the nucleus. The most abundant nuclear and endonuclear lipids have a high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (n-6 series: arachidonic > linoleic), mainly esterified to PtdCho. Nuclear most abundant molecular species ...
Freites Luis - - 2010
We examined the influence of the reproductive cycle and environmental variables on the gonadal fatty acid profile in the tropical scallop Nodipecten nodosus. Individuals from a natural population in north-eastern Venezuela (Caribbean Sea) were sampled monthly during one year. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) and a visual assessment of gonadic status ...
Tyrode Eric - - 2010
Vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS) has been used to determine the stability toward oxidation in air of a series of unsaturated fatty acids, measuring as a function of time the changes in the chemical structure and conformational order of films spread on a Langmuir trough. The fatty acids studied consisted ...
Herrera Lisandra Cubero - - 2010
Herein we report a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC/MS/MS) method for the analysis of positional isomers of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in vegetable oils. The fragmentation behavior of [M + X](+) ions (X = NH(4), Li, Na or Ag) was studied on a quadrupole-time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer under low-energy ...
Hsu Wei-Yi - - 2010
Peroxisomal disorders are characterized biochemically by elevated levels of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in serum. Herein, we describe a novel approach for quantification of VLCFAs in serum, namely, eicosanoic acid (C20:0), docosanoic acid (C22:0), tetracosanoic acid (C24:0), and hexacosanoic acid (C26:0). The methodology is based on (i) enrichment ...
Yoo Hyun Ju - - 2010
Double bond locations in fatty acids can be determined from characteristic charge-remote fragmentation patterns of alkali metal-adducted fatty acids following high energy collision activated dissociation (CAD). With low energy CAD, several chemical derivatization methods, including ozonization, epoxidation, and hydroxylation, have been used to generate characteristic fragments. However, high energy CAD ...
Horne Irene - - 2010
Z9 Desaturases catalyse the formation of a cis-unsaturated bond in the Δ9 position of the saturated fatty acids stearate and palmitate. They are considered essential enzymes in eukaryotic organisms as their Z9 unsaturated fatty acid products are required for homeostatic roles such as maintenance of membrane fluidity. Two putative Z9 ...
Su Chao - - 2010
The stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity is involved in regulation of metabolism, energy storage, and membrane fluidity. However, only few cellular assays have been developed. We describe a simple and robust method to quantitate SCD activity and its inhibition in primary rat hepatocytes. Hepatocytes assimilate stearic acid, with or without modification ...
Finn Robert D RD School of Applied Sciences, Ellison Building, Northumbria University, Newcastle, NE1 8ST, - - 2011
Microsomal cytochrome b (5) is a ubiquitous, 15.2 kDa haemoprotein implicated in a number of cellular processes such as fatty acid desaturation, drug metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis and methaemoglobin reduction. As a consequence of these functions this protein has been considered essential for life. Most of the ascribed functions of ...
Kämpfer P - - 2011
A Gram-reaction-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CC-VM-Y(T), was isolated from the faeces of the pill millipede Arthrosphaera magna Attems from India and was subsequently studied to determine its taxonomic position. Based on16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, the isolate clearly grouped with members of the genus Microbacterium. On the basis of ...
Park Hyohun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between fatty acid composition of plasma cholesteryl esters (CEs) and estimated desaturase activity and the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The study also assessed the effect of ezetimibe on CE levels. Plasma CEs fatty acid composition ...
Okugawa Yoji - - 2010
Unsaturated fatty acid from accumulated sebum disrupts calcium influx in keratinocytes and triggers epidermal hyperplasia, leading to comedone formation in the skin. Oleic acid, a representative unsaturated fatty acid, has been shown to be a useful reagent to induce these cellular alternations, however, the detailed mechanism still remains to be ...
Brulet Marc - - 2010
The cftr knockout mouse model of cystic fibrosis (CF) shows intestinal obstruction; malabsorption and inflammation; and a fatty acid imbalance in intestinal mucosa. We performed a lipid mapping of colon sections from CF and control (WT) mice by cluster time of flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) imaging to localize lipid ...
D'Oca Caroline Da Ros Montes Cda - - 2010
This work reports the synthesis of new fatty acid amides from C16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:1 (OH), and 18:2 fatty acids families with cyclic and acyclic amines and demonstrate for the first time the activity of these compounds as antituberculosis agents against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Rv, M. tuberculosis rifampicin resistance (ATCC 35338), ...
Rui Huaijing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chilling injury (CI) limits the storage period and shelf-life of red-fleshed loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), which leads to a remarkable loss after cold storage. To develop an effective technique to reduce CI, the effects of a 38 degrees C heat treatment in air for 5 h, plus storage ...
Beranová Jana - - 2010
Bacillus subtilis, which grows under aerobic conditions, employs fatty acid desaturase (Des) to fluidize its membrane when subjected to temperature downshift. Des requires molecular oxygen for its activity, and its expression is regulated by DesK-DesR, a two-component system. Transcription of des is induced by the temperature downshift and is decreased ...
Keereetaweep Jantana - - 2010
The lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway was proposed to compete with hydrolysis and be partly responsible for the metabolism of polyunsaturated N-acylethanolamines (PU-NAEs). Treatment of Arabidopsis seedlings with lauroylethanolamide (NAE 12:0) resulted in elevated levels of PU-NAE species, and this was most pronounced in plants with reduced NAE hydrolase activity. Enzyme activity ...
Mohd-Yusof N Y - - 2010
Lates calcarifer, commonly known as the Asian sea bass or barramundi, is an interesting species that has great aquaculture potential in Asia including Malaysia and also Australia. We have investigated essential fatty acid metabolism in this species, focusing on the endogenous highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) synthesis pathway using both ...
Li Yanyan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids are essential components in cell membranes of bacteria, and they determine the different structures of lipids and lipid A. Therefore, fatty acids are good targets for development of rapid and reliable methods for differentiation of bacteria. RESULTS: Here we report fatty acid distributions in three different bacteria-Escherichia ...
Lennen Rebecca M RM Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison Wisconsin, - - 2010
The development of renewable alternatives to diesel and jet fuels is highly desirable for the heavy transportation sector, and would offer benefits over the production and use of short-chain alcohols for personal transportation. Here, we report the development of a metabolically engineered strain of Escherichia coli that overproduces medium-chain length ...
Swarts Benjamin M BM Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, 5101 Cass Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48202, - - 2010
A GPI anchor bearing unsaturated fatty acid lipid chains (1) was synthesized by a highly convergent strategy employing the para-methoxybenzyl group for permanent hydroxyl protection. The final global deprotection was achieved by an efficient three-step, one-pot procedure to give an 81% isolated yield of the target structure.
Pabla Dimple - - 2010
Levothyroxine sodium (T4), administered orally, is used for the treatment of hypothyroidism. T4 is a narrow therapeutic index drug with highly variable bioavailability (40-80%). The purpose of the present study was to increase the transepithelial transport of T4 using straight chain fatty acids across Madin-Darby Canine kidney (MDCK) cell line. ...
Chirumamilla Anitha - - 2010
Sugarbeet root maggots, Tetanops myopaeformis (Diptera, Ulidiidae), survive more than five years of laboratory cold (6 degrees C) storage as mature third-instar larvae. To quantify energy costs associated with prolonged storage, internal lipids of larvae stored for 1, 2, 3, and 5 years were compared and characterized with those of ...
Maoka Takashi - - 2010
Carotenoids were investigated in two species of clams, Rudiapes philippinarum and Meretrix petechialis. Fucoxanthin 3-esters and fucoxanthinol 3-esters were found to be major components, along with crassostreaxanthin A 3-acetate, crassostreaxanthin A, crassostreaxanthin B 3-acetate, crassostreaxanthin B, halocynthiaxanthin 3'-acetate, halocynthiaxanthin, alloxanthin, diatoxanthin, diadinoxanthin, and heteroxanthin. Fatty acids esterified with fucoxanthin and ...
Toyosaki T - - 2010
Eggs from Silky fowl and White Leghorn hens were used to prepare fried dough. The rheological properties, lipid oxidative stability, and trans, trans-2,4-decadienal and tocopherol content of fried dough made with Silky fowl egg were compared with dough made with hen egg. The fried dough was stored in a glass ...
Piccinato C A - - 2010
Some studies have reported improved reproductive performance with dietary fat supplementation. This study examined effects of fatty acids with different lengths, or desaturation, or both, on metabolism of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in bovine liver slice incubations (experiments 1 and 2) and in vivo (experiment 3). In experiment 1, ...
Sugawara Tatsuya - - 2010
We characterized the glucosylceramide moieties from maize and rice using liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry. Glucosylceramides containing 4,8-sphingadienine (d18:2) acylated to hydroxy-fatty acids were detected as the predominant molecules both in maize and in rice. In addition, 4-hydroxy-8-sphingenine (t18:1) and sphingatrienine (d18:3) were found in maize and rice glucosylceramides, and ...
Das Swapan K SK Section on Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2010
Obese individuals are both insulin resistant and have high levels of circulating free fatty acids (FFAs). In cell culture, saturated but not unsaturated fatty acids induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We hypothesized that chronic exposure to low dose fatty acids would significantly attenuate the acute stress response to a saturated ...
Yang Yanhong - - 2010
Abnormal lipid metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to HDL apolipoproteins. We previously reported that unsaturated fatty acids destabilise ABCA1 in murine macrophages and ABCA1-transfected baby hamster kidney cells by increasing its ...
Bogu? Mieczys?awa I - - 2010
Eighteen fatty acids identified in the cuticle of three insect species representing differing susceptibilities to C. coronatus infection, were tested for effects on the in vitro growth and pathogenicity of the parasitic fungus. At all applied concentrations (0.1-0.0001% w/v) growth was inhibited by C(16:0), C(16:1), C(18:0), C(18:1), C(18:2), C(18:3), C(20:0) ...
Zulkifli R M - - 2010
Stearoyl CoA desaturase (SCD) is responsible for converting SFA into MUFA and plays an important role in regulating the fatty acid composition of tissues. Although the number of SCD isoforms differs among species, SCD-1 is the predominant isoform expressed in the major lipogenic tissues of all species studied. The SCD-1 ...
Ozcan Tamer - - 2010
RAPD and fatty acid profiles, and alpha-tocoferol contents of the seeds of some Symphytum species were analyzed for their differentiation. Discriminative patterns were found in the examined species. Genotypic characteristics of three Symphytum species were experienced using 20 decamer RAPD primers. The majority of band positions varied between species. The ...
Fischer Janett - - 2010
Cis-trans isomerization of unsaturated fatty acids is a crucial adaptive reaction of Pseudomonas and Vibrio species to toxic organic compounds or other environmental stress factors. In order to test the long-term performance of this adaptive mechanism as well as to assess its application as biomarker for environmental contamination studies were ...
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