Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1123
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Xin Ying Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 214122 Wuxi, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to research the ultrasound-assisted freezing (UAF) of broccoli. Methods: CaCl2 solution was used as freezing medium. The comparative advantage of using UAF over normal freezing on the freezing time, cell-wall bound calcium to total calcium ratio, textural properties, color, drip loss and l-ascorbic ...
Palma-Salgado Sindy S Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2014
The efficacy of two leafy produce wash methods, the traditional cutting-before-washing process and a new washing-before-cutting method, on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated on Iceberg lettuce was compared. The washing tests were conducted in a pilot-scale washer using combinations of water, chlorine, peroxyacetic acid, and ultrasound. The washing-before-cutting process ...
Minjares-Fuentes R R Department of Chemistry, University of the Balearic Islands, Ctra. Valldemossa, km. 7.5, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
An ultrasound-assisted procedure for the extraction of pectins from grape pomace with citric acid as the extracting agent was established. A Box-Behnken design (BBD) was employed to optimize the extraction temperature (X1: 35-75°C), extraction time (X2: 20-60min) and pH (X3: 1.0-2.0) to obtain a high yield of pectins with high ...
Boffito D C DC Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ultrasound accelerates the free fatty acids esterification rate by reducing the mass transfer resistance between methanol in the liquid phase and absorbed organic species on Amberlyst®46 catalyst. The reaction rates of canola oil is three times greater than for tobacco seed oil but half the reaction rate of pure oleic ...
Rychak Joshua J JJ Targeson Inc, San Diego CA 92121 - - 2014
Nucleic acid-based therapy is a growing field of drug delivery research. Although ultrasound has been suggested to enhance transfection decades ago, it took a combination of ultrasound with nucleic acid carrier systems (microbubbles, liposomes, polyplexes, viral carriers) to achieve reasonable nucleic acid delivery efficacy. Microbubbles serve as foci for local ...
Ma Bao Jun BJ State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Natural Gas Conversion, College of Chemistry, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Potential commercial physicochemical pretreatment methods, NaOH/microwave and NaOH/ultrasound were developed, and the carbon-based sulfonated solid acid catalysts were prepared for furfural residues conversion into reducing sugars. After the two optimum pretreatments, both the content of cellulose increased (74.03%, 72.28%, respectively) and the content of hemicellulose (94.11%, 94.17% of removal rate, ...
Srivastava Pankaj P Department of Chemistry, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 282 005, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Degradation of five textile dyes, namely Reactive Red 141 (RR 141), Reactive Blue 21 (RB 21), Acid Red 114 (AR 114), Acid Blue 113 (AB 113) and Basic Violet 16 (BV 16) in aqueous solution has been carried out with ultrasound (US) and in combination with rare earth ions (La(3+) ...
Navarro Nathalie M - - 2013
Sonoluminescence spectra collected from 0.1 to 3.0M aqueous solutions of formic acid sparged with argon show the OH(A(2)Σ(+)-X(2)Πi) and C2(d(3)Πg→a(3)Πu) emission bands and a broad continuum typical for multibubble sonoluminescence. The overall intensity of sonoluminescence and the sonochemical yield of HCOOH degradation vary in opposite directions: the sonoluminescence is quenched ...
Thanh Le Tu - - 2013
Ultrasound assisted transesterification of triglycerides (TG) with methanol in the presence of KOH catalyst was investigated, where the changes in the reactants and products (diglycerides (DG), monoglycerides (MG), fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) and glycerin (GL)) concentrations were discussed to understand the reaction mechanism and kinetics under ultrasound irradiation. The ...
Micheels Patrick - - 2013
With the proliferation of dermal fillers in the aesthetic workplace have come instructions from various manufacturers regarding dermal placement. Determination of injection needle location in the dermis has in large part been based on physician expertise, product and needle familiarity, and patient-specific skin characteristics. An understanding of the precise depth ...
Yamini Yadollah - - 2013
An efficient method based on ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction followed by injection-port derivatization GC analysis was developed to determine 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid in natural water samples. In this procedure, 12.5 μL of 1-undecanol was injected slowly into a 12-mL home-designed centrifuge glass vial containing an aqueous sample of the ...
Gamboa-Santos Juliana - - 2013
The effect of previous ultrasound and conventional blanching treatments on drying and quality parameters (2-furoylmethyl-amino acids -as indicators of lysine and arginine participation in the Maillard reaction-, carbohydrates, total polyphenols, protein profile, rehydration ratio, microstructure changes) of convective dehydrated carrots has been assessed. The most striking feature was the influence ...
Abid Muhammad - - 2013
Fresh apple juice treated with ultrasound (for 0, 30, 60 and 90min, at 20°C, 25kHz frequency) was evaluated for different physico-chemical, Hunter color values, cloud value, antioxidant capacity, scavenging activity on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids, flavonols and microbial characteristics. No significant effect of sonication was ...
Qiao Liping - - 2013
Sonochemical effects on seven free phenolic acids under ultrasound treatment in a model system have been investigated. The degradation products have also been tentatively identified by FTIR and HPLC-UV-ESIMS. Five phenolic acids (protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid) proved to be stable, while two others ...
Sun Yujing - - 2013
The degradation of caffeic acid under ultrasound treatment in a model system was investigated. The type of solvent and temperature were important factors in determining the outcome of the degradation reactions. Liquid height, ultrasonic intensity and duty cycle only affected degradation rate, but did not change the nature of the ...
Cool Steven K - - 2013
For gene therapy to work in vivo, nucleic acids need to reach the target cells without causing major side effects to the patient. In many cases the gene only has to reach a subset of cells in the body. Therefore, targeted delivery of genes to the desired tissue is a ...
Samaram Shadi - - 2013
The main objective of the current work was to evaluate the suitability of ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) for the recovery of oil from papaya seed as compared to conventional extraction techniques (i.e., Soxhlet extraction (SXE) and solvent extraction (SE)). In the present study, the recovery yield, fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol ...
Xiao Ruiyang - - 2012
Hydroxyl radical (()OH) scavengers are commonly used in sonochemistry to probe the site and nature of reaction in aqueous cavitational systems. Using pulsed wave (PW) ultrasound with comparative sonochemistry we evaluated the performance of ()OH scavengers (i.e., formic acid, carbonic acid, terephthalic acid/terephthalate, iodide, methanesulfonate, benzenesulfonate, and acetic acid/acetate) in ...
Milne Louise - - 2012
Ultrasonic frequencies of 20kHz, 382kHz, 584kHz, 862kHz (and 998kHz) have been compared with regard to energy output and hydroxyl radical formation utilising the salicylic acid dosimeter. The 862kHz frequency inputs 6 times the number of Watts into water, as measured by calorimetry, with the other frequencies having roughly the same ...
Alcaide-Molina Miguel - - 2013
A dual method is proposed for the determination of metabolites involved in the shikimate pathway which are biomarkers of the effects of glyphosate action on plants exposed to this herbicide. Extraction of the target metabolites (phenylalanine, tryptophan, tyrosine and shikimic acid) from a wheat model plant was accelerated by ultrasound ...
Safari Javad - - 2012
Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles were prepared by chemical coprecipitation method and subsequently coated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) via silanization reaction. Grafting of chlorosulfuric acid on the amino-functionalized Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles afforded sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (SA-MNPs). SA-MNPs was found to be a mild and effective solid acid catalyst for the efficient, one-pot, three-component synthesis ...
Guo Weilin - - 2012
Biodiesel production from soybean oil with methanol was performed in the presence of a Brønsted acidic ionic liquid-based catalyst under ultrasound irradiation. The influences of various parameters on the transesterification reaction, including the amount of catalyst, the molar ratio of methanol to oil, the temperature and the ultrasound power, were ...
Liu Lan - - 2012
The interactions between 3-O-methyl-mannose polysaccharides (MMPs), extracted from Mycobacterium smegmatis (consisting of a mixture of MMP-10, -11, -12 and -13) or obtained by chemical synthesis (MMP-5(s) , -8(s) , -11(s) and -14(s) ), and linear saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (FAs), and a commercial mixture of naphthenic acids (NAs) in ...
Evans Simon J - - 2012
Omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids have been implicated in mood disorders, yet clinical trials supplementing n-3 fats have shown mixed results. However, the predominant focus of this research has been on the n-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). We used an unbiased approach to assay plasma n-3 ...
Scheel Julia - - 2012
The amino acid esters ethyl glycinate (EG), dl-α-tocopheryl-(mono-)betainate hydrochloride (TMB), dl-α-tocopheryl-(mono-)glycinate hydrochloride (TMG), dl-α-tocopheryl-(mono-)prolinate hydrochloride (TMP), and dl-α-tocopheryl-(mono-)sarcosinate hydrochloride (TMS) were previously shown to exert an osmoprotective function to human skin in vitro. Based on literature data, the parent compounds α-tocopherol (vitamin E) and the amino acids glycine, betaine (trimethylated ...
Zhou Cuihong - - 2012
Monitoring autophagic flux is important for the analysis of autophagy. Tandem fluorescent-tagged LC3 (mRFP-EGFP-LC3) is a convenient assay for monitoring autophagic flux based on different pH stability of EGFP and mRFP fluorescent proteins. However, it has been reported that there is still weak fluorescence of EGFP in acidic environments (pH ...
Pedrazzi Hamilton - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of repairs in porcelain conditioned with laser. Sixty porcelain discs were made and six groups were formed (n = 10): G1: conditioning with laser with potency 760 mW; G2: conditioning with laser with potency 760 mW and application ...
Xie Yonghua - - 2012
We report a novel continuous and sensitive fluorescence turn-on assay for ACPs, which consists of a cationic conjugated polyelectrolyte (PPE4+) and a commonly used phosphatase substrate p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP). The kinetics of the ACP catalyzed hydrolysis of the substrate pNPP was monitored by the fluorescence change of PPE4+ and corresponding ...
Miranda-Castro Rebeca - - 2012
A simple and fast electrochemical nucleic acid assay based on a target recycling strategy and the release of a double-stranded DNA intercalating redox probe upon digestion of a specific duplex by exonuclease III is demonstrated.
Ohrmalm Christina - - 2012
In contrast to ordinary PCRs, which have a limited multiplex capacity and often return false-negative results due to target variation or inhibition, our new detection strategy, VOCMA (variation-tolerant capture multiplex assay), allows variation-tolerant, target-specific capture and detection of many nucleic acids in one test. Here we demonstrate the use of ...
Rodríguez-Alcalá Luis Miguel - - 2012
A gas chromatography procedure using a 30-m capillary column (VF-23ms) has been optimized for quick analysis (run time less than 20 min). The method is suitable for routine analysis of the fatty acid composition of edible fat and oil samples (milk, fish, vegetal and synthetic origin). The results were comparable ...
Li Hao - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the survival and biological behavior of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) under an intervertebral disc (IVD)-like acidic environment. Human ADMSCs isolated from two age groups were cultured under four different pH levels (pH 7.4, 7.1, 6.8 and 6.5) which mimicked the standard condition and ...
Nagal Shweta - - 2012
The present investigation reports variability in lycopene, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, antioxidant capacity and colour attributes of 12 watermelon cultivars grown in India. Antioxidant capacity was evaluated using four in vitro assays, namely ferric reducing antioxidant power, cupric reducing antioxidant capacity, Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl. Among watermelon ...
Fagali Natalia - - 2012
There is no general agreement yet on the antioxidant effect of pineal indoles against lipid peroxidation. Accordingly, the main goal of the present work was to study the antioxidant activity of melatonin (MLT), N-acetylserotonin (NAS), 5-HO-tryptophan (5HO-TRP) and 5-methoxytryptamine (5MTP) in two different lipid systems with high content of polyunsaturated ...
Karlsson Anna - - 2012
The effect of trace element addition on anaerobic digestion of food industry- and household waste was studied using two semi-continuous lab-scale reactors, one (R30+) was supplied with Fe, Co and Ni, while the other (R30) acted as a control. Tracer analysis illustrated that methane production from acetate proceeded through syntrophic ...
Das Jagotamoy - - 2012
Diagnostic technologies that can provide the simultaneous detection of nucleic acids for gene expression, proteins for host response and small molecules for profiling the human metabolome will have a significant advantage in providing comprehensive patient monitoring. Molecular sensors that report changes in the electrostatics of a sensor's surface on analyte ...
Bourjot Mélanie - - 2012
In an effort to identify novel inhibitors of Chikungunya (CHIKV) and Dengue (DENV) virus replication, a systematic study with 820 ethyl acetate extracts of Madagascan plants was performed in a virus-cell-based assay for CHIKV and a DENV NS5 RNA-dependant RNA polymerase (RdRp) assay. The extract obtained from the leaves of ...
Terai Takuya - - 2012
Long-lived ratiometric sensors: Luminescent lanthanide complexes are widely used in time-resolved assays of biomolecules, but most of the sensors with these complexes rely on single-point intensity measurements. Herein, we introduce a simple strategy to create ratiometric probes by using salicylic-acid derivatives as the antenna moiety of Tb(3+) complexes. As an ...
Hušek Petr - - 2012
Trichloroacetic acid, perchloric acid, phosphotungstic acid, acetonitrile, methanol and some other organic solvents were evaluated for their ability to provide protein and lipid-free plasma supernatants. The residual proteins, total cholesterol and triacylglycerols were assayed in the supernatant on a Beckman Analyzer instrument. The free cholesterol and the neutral lipids were ...
Wang Lu - - 2012
α-Amino acid ester hydrolases (AEHs) are enzymes of interest to the semi-synthesis of β-lactam antibiotics with α-amino, such as cephalexin and cefaclor. An undesired side reaction, the hydrolysis of α-amino acid ester, had hindered applications in antibiotics synthesis. Although the enzymes' S/H ratio can be increased by protein engineering, such ...
Lu Jin - - 2012
The biomarker "Ischemia-Modified Albumin" (IMA), measured by the albumin-cobalt-binding assay (ACB assay), is the only FDA-approved biomarker for early diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. Based on the hypothesis that high levels of free fatty acids are directly responsible for reduction in cobalt binding by albumin, chemically defined model systems consisting of ...
Chen Delai - - 2012
Discovery of potent new materials for in vivo delivery of nucleic acids depends upon successful formulation of the active molecules into a dosage form suitable for the physiological environment. Due to the inefficiencies of current formulation methods, materials are usually first evaluated for in vitro delivery efficacy as simple ionic ...
Obermeier A - - 2012
Infections of vascular prostheses are still a major risk in surgery. The current work presents an in vitro evaluation of novel slow release antibiotic coatings based on new gentamicin fatty acid salts for polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. These grafts were coated with gentamicin sodium dodecyl sulfate, gentamicin laurate and gentamicin palmitate. Drug ...
Chen Yimin - - 2012
Quantification of total lipids is a necessity for any study of lipid production by microalgae, especially given the current interest in microalgal carbon capture and biofuels. In this study, we employed a simple yet sensitive method to indirectly measure the lipids in microalgae by measuring the fatty acids (FA) after ...
Khedri Zahra - - 2012
A library of α2-3- and α2-6-linked sialyl galactosides containing C9-modified sialic acids was synthesized from C6-modified mannose derivatives using an efficient one-pot three-enzyme system. These sialosides were used in a high-throughput sialidase substrate specificity assay to elucidate the importance of C9-OH in sialidase recognition.
Huang Chao-Jyun - - 2012
The systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) is a screening technique that involves the progressive selection of highly specific ligands via repeated rounds of partition and amplification from a large random pool of nucleic acid sequences. The products of this selection process are called aptamers and are either ...
Agarwal Aparna - - 2012
The opportunistic pathogen Burkholderia thailandensis produces a number of structurally similar unsaturated quinolones involved in quorum sensing. However little is known about the biosynthesis of these unsaturated quinolones. In this study we have characterized the starting point in biosynthesis of unsaturated quinolone molecules produced in Burkholderia thailandensis. We have shown ...
Tai Akihiro - - 2012
The antioxidative properties of vanillic acid esters were systematically evaluated by multiple assays to compare with the well-known antioxidants, vanillic acid and Trolox. We first performed assays with the model radicals, DPPH, galvinoxyl and ABTS cation (ABTS(•+)) types. Methyl vanillate, ethyl vanillate and butyl vanillate showed stronger activity than Trolox ...
Le T - - 2012
A new method was developed for the determination of quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, the marker residue of carbadox, in the edible tissues of food-producing animals using a colloidal gold probe-based immunochromatographic assay. The highly specific polyclonal antibody (PcAb), which was very sensitive to N-butylquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid (BQCA) with an IC(50) value of 2.38 ng ml(-1), ...
Petzke Klaus J - - 2012
Gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS) is a highly sensitive approach which allows the analysis of the (13) C/(12) C and (15) N/(14) N isotope composition of amino acids in the range of natural abundance or in slightly (13) C- and (15) N-enriched samples. However, the accuracy of measurements remains ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >