Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1127
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Cui Shuang - - 2007
Chelate-enhanced phytoremediation is considered as an effective method for the extraction of lead (Pb) by plants. However, more detailed studies are needed to evaluate the effect of exogenous chelators on phytoavailability and toxicity of Pb in plants, then to find out the proper applied concentration of chelators to minimize the ...
Pioggia G - - 2007
A study aimed at the characterization of five compounds with different chemical characteristics and gustative perceptions by measuring the variations of the electrical impedance of a composite sensor array is presented. The array was composed of five sensors of three different types based on carbon nanotubes or carbon black dispersed ...
Noordover Bart A J - - 2006
Co- and terpolyesters based on succinic acid and isosorbide in combination with other renewable monomers such as 2,3-butanediol, 1,3-propanediol, and citric acid were synthesized and characterized. Linear polyesters were obtained via melt polycondensation of nonactivated dicarboxylic acids with OH functional monomers. Polymer end functionality (i.e., hydroxyl or carboxylic acid) was ...
Shiowatana Juwadee - - 2006
The effect of added organic acids on the calcium availability of vegetables was investigated using the dialysis profiles obtained from an in vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion with continuous-flow dialysis method. Citric acid was the most effective enhancer followed by tartaric, malic, and ascorbic acids. For amaranth, which has a low ...
Ross David S - - 2007
The likelihood of a functioning nonenzymatic reductive citric acid cycle, recently proposed as the precursor to biosynthesis on early Earth, is examined on the basis of the kinetics and thermochemistry of the acetate --> pyruvate --> oxaloacetate --> malate sequence. Using data derived from studies of the Pd-catalyzed phosphinate reduction ...
Legisa Matic - - 2007
For citric acid-accumulating Aspergillus niger cells, the enhancement of anaplerotic reactions replenishing tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates predisposes the cells to form the product. However, there is no increased citrate level in germinating spores and a complex sequence of developmental events is needed to change the metabolism in a way that ...
Schilling Oliver - - 2007
The soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis can use sugars or organic acids as sources of carbon and energy. These nutrients are metabolized by glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, and the Krebs citric acid cycle. While the response of B. subtilis to the availability of sugars is well understood, much less is ...
El-Bondkly Ahmed M - - 2006
Single-stage direct bioconversion of cellulosic materials to citric acid using intergeneric hybrids obtained from three different Trichoderma species and Aspergillus niger was carried out. The recent results were obtained on the basis of either resistance or sensitivity to one or more of five metal ions, two catabolite repressors, and five ...
Dipersio Patricia A - - 2007
Documented outbreaks of human illness associated with consumption of minimally processed produce have increased in recent years. This study evaluated the influence of modified treatments on inactivation of Salmonella during preparation, home-type dehydration (60 degrees C, 6h) and storage of carrot slices. Inoculated (five strains, 7.8 log cfu/g) slices were ...
Krause Trisha A - - 2007
This study compared the antimicrobial effect of MTAD, two of its components, doxycycline and citric acid, and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in two in vitro models on Enterococcus faecalis. In the bovine tooth model, the lumens of 30 bovine dentin discs were infected with E. faecalis for 2 weeks before treating ...
Bai Bing - - 2006
Immersion of intact aged garlic (Allium sativum) cloves in a series of 5% weak organic monocarboxylate solutions (pH 2.0) resulted in green color formation. No color was formed upon treatment with other weak organic acids, such as citric and malic acids, and the inorganic hydrochloric acid under the same conditions. ...
Albertini Marie-Vincente - - 2006
Most of the studies on organic acids and sugars in citrus were performed during fruit maturation, and less is known before this stage of development. The aim of our study was to investigate acids and sugars in lemon, lime, and orange from fruit-set toward development. We chose to compare organic ...
Yamamoto Chizuko - - 2006
Red berries of a tropical plant called miracle fruit, Richadella dulcifica, reduce the sour and aversive taste of acids and add sweet and palatable taste. To elucidate the brain mechanism of this unique action of miracle fruit, we recorded taste-elicited magnetic fields of the human cerebral cortex. The initial taste ...
Díaz-Muñiz I - - 2006
AIMS: To identify potential pathways for citrate catabolism by Lactobacillus casei under conditions similar to ripening cheese. METHODS AND RESULTS: A putative citric acid cycle (PCAC) for Lact. casei was generated utilizing the genome sequence, and metabolic flux analyses. Although it was possible to construct a unique PCAC for Lact. ...
Kamilova Faina - - 2006
The effects of the pathogenic fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici and of the bacterial biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS365, and of both microbes, on the amounts and composition of root exudate components of tomato plants grown in a gnotobiotic stonewool substrate system were studied. Conditions were selected under which ...
Yong Chul Soon - - 2006
To develop a 13C-urea-containing capsule for more economic and sensitive diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection, the 13C-urea-containing capsules were prepared with various additives such as polyethylene glycol, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate and citric acid. Their dissolution test and 13C-urea Breath Test in human volunteers were then performed. Polyethylene glycol ...
Duran Rocio M - - 2007
The plant pathogenic fungus Aspergillus flavus produces several types of mycotoxins. The most well known are the carcinogenic compounds called aflatoxins. In addition, A. flavus produces cyclopiazonic acid and aflatrem mycotoxins, contributing to the toxicity of A. flavus infected crops. Cyclopiazonic acid is a specific inhibitor of calcium-dependent ATPase in ...
Alvarez Gisela S - - 2007
The aim of this work was to use citric acid in the sol-gel process to generate an inorganic polymer that allows bacterial survival for long periods of time and to study the influence of different storage temperatures. We compared gram-negative Escherichia coli and gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, immobilized and preserved at ...
Kunze Markus - - 2006
The glyoxylate cycle provides the means to convert C2-units to C4-precursors for biosynthesis, allowing growth on fatty acids and C2-compounds. The conventional view that the glyoxylate cycle is contained within peroxisomes in fungi and plants is no longer valid. Glyoxylate cycle enzymes are located both inside and outside the peroxisome. ...
Xie G - - 2006
AIMS: To determine which citric acid-producing strain of Aspergillus niger utilized wet corn distillers grains most effectively to produce citric acid. METHODS AND RESULTS: Citric acid and biomass production by the fungal strains were analysed on the untreated grains or autoclaved grains using an enzyme assay and a gravimetric method ...
Baker Scott E SE Fungal Biotechnology Team, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA. - - 2006
Aspergillus niger is a filamentous ascomycete fungus that is ubiquitous in the environment and has been implicated in opportunistic infections of humans. In addition to its role as an opportunistic human pathogen, A. niger is economically important as a fermentation organism used for the production of citric acid. Industrial citric ...
Liu Gang - - 2006
Amorphous mesoporous aluminophosphates (AlPO) with P/Al molar ratio in the range 0.8-1.15 are synthesized by using the citric acid (CA) route and are systematically characterized using N(2)-adsorption, XRD, SEM, solid-state CP-MAS NMR, FT-IR, TG-DTA, CO(2)-TPD, and NH(3)-TPD. The characterization studies show that the change in P/Al ratio could affect the ...
Fan Yu - - 2006
This article describes a novel method for acidity adjustment of HZSM-5 zeolites with steaming and citric acid treatments and demonstrates the realumination effect of citric acid on HZSM-5 zeolites dealuminated by steaming. A series of modified HZSM-5 zeolites were prepared by streaming and/or acid treatments and characterized by means of ...
Ali Sikander - - 2006
Citric acid production by a thermophilic strain of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger IIB-6 in a medium containing blackstrap cane molasses was improved by the addition of kaolin to the fermentation medium. The fermentation was run in a 7.5-l stirred bioreactor (60% working volume). The optimal sugar concentration was found ...
Liu Gang - - 2006
Amorphous mesoporous aluminophosphates (AlPO) with high thermal stability were synthesized from Al(NO3)3 and H3PO4 in the presence of citric acid (CA). The effects of different synthetic conditions, such as pH value, citric acid content, and calcined temperature, on the formation of the mesoporous structure of AlPO materials were investigated. The ...
Takahashi Hideyuki - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that transgenic rice plants overexpressing YK1, which possesses dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR) activity, showed biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. High throughput profiles of metabolites have also been shown in such transgenic plants by Fourier transform ion cyclotron mass spectrometry. In this study, capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry analysis (CE/MS) ...
Varshosaz Jaleh - - 2006
Ciprofloxacin is mainly absorbed in the proximal areas of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of our study was production of floating-bioadhesive tablets to lengthen the stay of drug in its absorption area. Effervescent tablets were made using sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), polyacrylic acid (AA), polymetacrylic acid (MAA), ...
Wang Xiu-Juan - - 2006
F(3) and F(4) strains of Aspergillus niger were screened from five strains of fungi to produce multienzyme preparations (containing cellulase, hemicellulase, glucoamylase, pectinase, and acidic proteinase) as dietary supplementation. Enzyme activities indicated that 1:4 (F(3) to F(4)) was the optimum mixture proportion, and 0.3% (W/W) was the preferable pitching rate. ...
Cheng Shiwei - - 2006
The activity of penicillin G acylase from Alcaligenes faecalis increased 7.5-fold when cells were permeabilized with 0.3% (w/v) CTAB. The treated cells were entrapped by polyvinyl alcohol crosslinked with boric acid, and crosslinked with 2% (v/v) glutaraldehyde to increase the stability. The conversion yield of penicillin G to 6-aminopenicillanic acid ...
Zheng Lirong - - 2007
A new technology of transforming ferulic acid, which was from waste residue of rice bran oil, into vanillin was developed by a combination of fungal strains Aspergillus niger CGMCC0774 and Pycnoporus cinnabarinus CGMCC1115. Various concentrations of ferulic acid were compared, and the highest yield reached 2.2 g l(-1) of vanillic ...
Khoo Hsien H - - 2006
The Life Cycle Assessment of four CO2 recoverytechnologies, combined with nine CO2 sequestration systems, serves to expand the debate of CO2 mitigation methods beyond a single issue-prevention of global warming-to a wider range of environmental concerns: resource depletion, acidic and toxic gases, wastes, etc, so that the overall, and unexpected, ...
Liu Hua - - 2006
In this study, a novel injectable bone substitute material was developed which consists of chitosan, citric acid and glucose solution as the liquid phase, and tricalcium phosphate powder as the solid phase. This material was moldable because of its paste consistency after mixing. We used four groups of cement to ...
Frisvad Jens C - - 2006
Penicillium jamesonlandense is a novel species from Greenland that grows exceptionally slowly at 25 degrees C and has an optimum temperature for growth of 17-18 degrees C. The novel species is more psychrotolerant than any other Penicillium species described to date. Isolates of this novel species produce a range of ...
Al-Holy M - - 2006
The effect of nisin or citric acid or combinations of these two inhibitors on the inactivation of a cocktail of three Listeria innocua strains was investigated in a model brain heart infusion (BHI) broth and hummus (chickpea dip). In BHI broth, citric acid had a limited ability to inhibit L. ...
De-Deus G - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the effect of citric acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid plus Cetavlon (EDTAC) solutions on the microhardness of human root canal dentine. METHODOLOGY: Sixteen maxillary human canines were sectioned transversely at the cemento-enamel junction and the crowns were discarded. Subsequently, each root was embedded in an ...
Weller Richard - - 2006
The effects of the application of a nitric oxide generating acidified nitrite cream comprising sodium nitrite and citric acid, on the healing of incisional wounds in mice, has been investigated. The effects of acidified nitrite on wound healing were critically dependent on the time of application after wounding. Application of ...
Polettini A - - 2006
A study on the remediation of a real heavy metal-contaminated sediment was conducted using the four chelating agents ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), citric acid and the S,S-isomer of the ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid ([S,S]-EDDS). Different chelant washing experiments were carried out at a chelant/total metal content of 1 and 10 ...
Nielsen Marina Karelina - - 2007
The effects of citric acid at pH values of 3.0, 4.0, and 4.5 on growth and metabolism of anaerobic Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Zygosaccharomyces bailii cultures were investigated. S. cerevisiae and Z. bailii exhibited similar tolerances to citric acid, as determined by growth measurements, at all three pH values investigated. The ...
Brunengraber Henri - - 2006
This review presents the concepts of anaplerosis and cataplerosis in relation to the regulation of citric acid cycle operation. Anaplerosis is the re-filling of the catalytic intermediates of the cycle that carry acetyl-CoA as it is oxidized. The main anaplerotic substrates are pyruvate, glutamine/glutamate and precursors of propionyl-CoA (odd-chain fatty ...
Tomotake Hiroyuki - - 2006
Lemon, lime and sudachi juices were tested for antibacterial activity against seven strains of Vibrio species. All juices were effective in inhibiting the growth of the Vibrio strains. Citric acid, the major organic acid in these juices, was found to be responsible for inhibiting the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Sauce ...
Christou Stavroula Y - - 2006
The efficiency of dilute oxalic and citric acid solutions on improving the oxygen storage capacity (OSC) and catalytic activity of a severely aged (83,000 km) commercial three-way catalyst (TWC) has been investigated. Washing procedures applied after optimization of experimental parameters, namely, temperature, flow-rate, and concentration of acid solution, led to ...
De los Reyes M - - 2006
Experiments were conducted to evaluate in vitro fertilization (IVF) of in vitro matured (IVM) bitch oocytes using dog spermatozoa frozen in three different extenders. Sperm-rich fraction from eight ejaculates of five dogs was frozen in each one of three egg yolk Tris extenders with additional: (A) 1.4 g citric acid ...
Martinez-Amezcua C - - 2006
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of OptiPhos phytase and citric acid for releasing the P that is not bioavailable in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). The effect of OptiPhos phytate on AME(n) and amino acid digestibility was also determined. New Hampshire x Columbian chicks were fed ...
Lommen W J M - - 2006
Artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide and an important antimalarial drug produced in Artemisia annua. To unravel the diverse processes determining artemisinin yield in A. annua crops, artemisinin accumulation during the development of individual leaves was studied in two field experiments. During the life cycle of a leaf, artemisinin was ...
Razminowicz R H - - 2006
Seventy beef strip loins (Longissimus dorsi) were sampled, originating from labels prescribing pasturing (PS, suckler beef; PF, finished steers or heifers), from conventional production (CH, heifers; CB, young bulls), and from a label producing intensively fattened young bulls (LB) and prescribing specific husbandry conditions but not grazing. Samples were purchased ...
Gan Rueichi R - - 2006
To better understand the extremely halophilic archaeon Halobacterium species NRC-1, we analyzed its soluble proteome by two-dimensional liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 888 unique proteins were identified with a ProteinProphet probability (P) between 0.9 and 1.0. To evaluate the biochemical activities of the ...
Chandra R Viswa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present in vitro study has been designed to establish and compare the effects of citric acid, EDTA, and tetracycline HCl on human periodontally diseased roots on the structure, attachment, and orientation of V79 (primary Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts) cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Navet Rachel - - 2006
Superoxide anion generation and the impairment of oxidative phosphorylation yield were studied in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria submitted to anoxia/reoxygenation in vitro. Production of superoxide anion was detected after several cycles of anoxia/reoxygenation. Concomitantly, a decrease of state 3 respiration and phosphorylation yield (ADP/O) were observed. The latter resulted from ...
Papanikolaou Seraphim - - 2006
In the present report, the effect of glucose and stearin (substrate composed by saturated free-fatty acids) on the production of biomass, reserve lipid, and citric acid by Yarrowia lipolytica ACA-DC 50109 was investigated in nitrogen-limited cultures. Numerical models that were used in order to quantify the kinetic behavior of the ...
Zdrodowska-Stefanow Bozena - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between Chlamydia trachomatis (C.t.) infection of the prostate and the concentration of citric acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 60 patients with chronic prostatitis (NIH III). Urethral swabs and expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) were collected for analysis. The ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >