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Yanes-Roca, Carlos
Common snook (Centropomus undecimalis) is a relatively new species for aquaculture; considered as a recreational species and not commercial. The aim of this study was to develop common snook larval rearing techniques for stock enhancement. Common snook culture has two main bottlenecks, broodstock management and larval culture. High mortality during ...
Burja Adam M - - 2007
Various extraction methods were assessed in their capacity to extract fatty acids from a dried biomass of Thraustochytrium sp. ONC-T18. Direct saponification using KOH in ethanol or in hexane:ethanol was one of the most efficient techniques to extract lipids (697 mg g(-1)). The highest amount of fatty acids (714 mg ...
Worliczek Hanna Lucia - - 2007
A set of 20 Mollicutes strains representing different lines of descent, including the type species of the genus Mycoplasma, Mycoplasma mycoides, Acholeplasma laidlawii and a strain of Mesoplasma, were subjected to polar lipid and fatty acid analyses in order to evaluate their suitability for classification purposes within members of this ...
Zhang Yanghui - - 2007
The lipid A from nitrogen-fixing bacterial species Rhizobium sin-1 is structurally unusual due to lack of phosphates and the presence of a 2-aminogluconolactone and a very long chain fatty acid, 27-hydroxyoctacosanoic acid (27OHC28:0), moiety. This structurally unusual lipid A can antagonize TNF-alpha production by human monocytes induced by Escherichia coli ...
Janer Gemma - - 2007
Recent studies have shown that organotin compounds affect lipid homeostasis in vertebrates, probably through interaction with RXR and/or PPARgamma receptors. Molluscs are sensitive species to the toxic effects of tributyltin (TBT), particularly to masculinization, and TBT has been recently shown to bind to molluscs RXR. Thus, we hypothesized that exposure ...
Stern Ralph H - - 2007
Flushing and hepatotoxicity are important adverse effects of nicotinic acid. This article reviews the role of metabolism of nicotinic acid in the production of these side effects. The suggestion that nicotinic acid (NUA) formation produces flushing is traced to a correlation of flushing with NUA C(max) (maximal concentration) and the ...
Liang Guoying - - 2007
Schwann cell (SC) differentiation to the myelinating phenotype is characterized by the elaboration of a lipid-rich membrane and the expression of myelin-specific proteins. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been identified as a growth factor that stimulates the early events of myelination in SCs that signals via the PI3K/Akt pathway. Given ...
Shin Jae Il - - 2008
To assess whether lipid infusion could be a risk factor for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in low birth weight neonates, 22 newborns with cholestasis (29.8 +/- 1.6 weeks, 1298 +/- 217 g) were compared with 22 without cholestasis (29.5 +/- 1.7 weeks, 1286 +/- 363 g). The mean level of ...
Schroeder Friedhelm - - 2007
Sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) was independently discovered as a soluble protein that binds and transfers cholesterol as well as phospholipids (nonspecific lipid transfer protein, nsLTP) in vitro. Physiological functions of this protein are only now beginning to be resolved. The gene encoding SCP-2 also encodes sterol carrier protein-x (SCP-x) arising ...
Sato Naoki - - 2007
The acyl lipids making up the plastid membranes in plants and algae are highly enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids and are synthesized by two distinct pathways, known as the prokaryotic and eukaryotic pathways, which are located within the plastids and the endoplasmic reticulum, respectively. Here we report the results of ...
Sinanoglou Vassilia J - - 2007
Frozen molluscs (squid, octopuses, and cuttlefish) and crustaceans (shrimp) were irradiated using a cobalt-60 gamma source, at different doses, in order to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on their microbial population, organoleptic characteristics, lipid profile, and tropomyosin content. Irradiation of shrimp and squid with either 2.5 or 4.7 kGy ...
Elias Peter M - - 2007
Since life in a terrestrial environment threatens mammals continuously with desiccation, the structural, cellular, biochemical, and regulatory mechanisms that sustain permeability barrier homeostasis have justifiably comprised a major thrust of prior and recent research on epidermal barrier function. Yet, the epidermis mediates a broad set of protective 'barrier' functions that ...
Vaillancourt Eric - - 2007
For long migrations, birds must rely on high flux capacities at all steps of lipid metabolism, from the mobilization of adipose reserves to fatty acid oxidation in flight muscle mitochondria. Substrate kinetics and indirect calorimetry were used to investigate key parameters of lipid metabolism in a highly aerobic shorebird: the ...
Mazalli Mônica R - - 2007
A comparative study between two methods (lipid extraction followed by saponification and methylation, and direct methylation) to determine the fatty acids in egg yolk was evaluated. Direct methylation of the samples resulted in lower fatty acid content and greater variation in the results than the lipid extraction followed by saponification ...
Shaffer Scott A - - 2007
The structural characterization of environmentally-regulated lipid A derived from Francisella tularensis subspecies novicida (Fn) U112 is described using negative electrospray ionization with a linear ion trap Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (IT-FT-ICR) hybrid mass spectrometer. The results indicate that a unique profile of lipid A molecular structures are synthesized in ...
Fan King-Wai - - 2007
Lipid class composition and distribution of fatty acids within the lipid pool of microalga, Schizochytrium mangrovei FB3 harvested at the late exponential phase, was studied, with special emphasis on the distribution of docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 n-3, DHA). Neutral lipids were the major lipid constituents (95.90% of total lipids) in which ...
Wang Lijun - - 2008
Experiments were carried out on a lab supercritical CO(2) extraction system to determine the effects of extraction conditions, including mass ratio of CO(2) consumed to distillers dry grain with solubles (DDGS) extracted, extraction pressure, extraction temperature and time, on yield and composition of extracted lipids. A maximum lipid yield of ...
Falch Eva - - 2007
High resolution NMR was applied to study biochemical changes of lipids in cod (Gadus morhua) gonads during 7 days storage at 4 degrees C. Changes were observed in the (13)C and (1)H resonances of cholesterol which were due to esterification of fatty acids at the hydroxyl position in roe and ...
Murphy Robert C - - 2007
Triacylglycerols (TAGs) are neutral lipids present in all mammalian cells as energy reserves, and diacylglycerols (DAGs) are present as intermediates in phospholipid biosynthesis and as signaling molecules. The molecular species of TAGs and DAGs present in mammalian cells are quite complex, and previous investigations revealed multiple isobaric species having molecular ...
Jain Madhulika - - 2007
Mycobacterium tuberculosis synthesizes specific polyketide lipids that interact with the host and are required for virulence. Using a mass spectrometric approach to simultaneously monitor hundreds of lipids, we discovered that the size and abundance of two lipid virulence factors, phthiocerol dimycocerosate (PDIM) and sulfolipid-1 (SL-1), are controlled by the availability ...
Zhang Chun-feng - - 2007
Cinnamene compounds, cinnamic acid, cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic alcohol, were employed as enhancers. The effects and mechanisms of penetration promoters on the in vitro percutaneous absorption of ligustrazine hydrochloride across hairless porcine dorsal skin were investigated. Transdermal fluxes of ligustrazine hydrochloride through porcine skin were determined in vitro by Franz-type diffusion ...
Dal-Pizzol Felipe - - 2007
Oxidative damage to biological membranes has been reported as a cause of alterations in many different diseases. We had previously reported lipid peroxidation in the kainic acid model of temporal epilepsy. In this study we evaluated earlier and later modifications in the lipid composition after status epileticus induced by kainic ...
Chabowski A - - 2007
IL-6 is a biologically active substance and is thought to contribute to the development of obesity. Recent findings suggest that susceptibility to intracellular lipid accumulation is to a large extent determined by changes in the expression of fatty acid transporters such as FAT/CD36, FABPpm and FATP-1. The aim of the ...
Makrantonaki E - - 2007
Despite the clinical evidence that androgens stimulate sebaceous lipids, androgens in vitro have shown no similar effects. This contradiction led to the assumption that cofactors may be required for lipid regulation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligands were suggested to be adequate candidates. The influence of testosterone and linoleic acid, ...
Holmstrup Martin - - 2007
We have investigated the lipid chemistry during cold acclimation in the freeze tolerant earthworm Dendrobaena octaedra. The dominant phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) of D. octaedra were 20:4, 20:5 and 20:1 (50% of total PLFA) followed by 18:0, 18:1 and 18:2omega6,9 (25% of total PLFA). The ability to tolerate freezing in ...
Santercole Viviana - - 2007
The total lipids of the longissimus dorsi muscle were analyzed from commercial adult Sarda sheep in Sardina taken from local abattoirs, and in the subsequent year from three local farms in the Sassari region that provided some information on the amount and type of supplements fed to the pasture-fed sheep. ...
Gooris G S - - 2007
The outermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum, consists of corneocytes surrounded by lipid domains. The main lipid classes in stratum corneum are cholesterol, ceramides (CER), and free fatty acids forming two crystalline lamellar phases. However, only limited information is available on whether the various lipid classes participate in ...
Ban Nobuhiro - - 2007
ABCA3 protein is expressed predominantly at the limiting membrane of the lamellar bodies in alveolar type II cells, and mutations in the ABCA3 gene cause lethal respiratory distress in newborn infants. To investigate the function of ABCA3 protein, we generated Abca3-deficient mice by targeting Abca3. Full-term Abca3(-/-) newborn pups died ...
Corbe E - - 2007
The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of ceramide head group architecture and free fatty acid (another main class of stratum corneum lipids) or protein (keratin), on the lamellar organization of the ceramide auto-associated in model films mimicking lipid organization within the stratum corneum. FTIR spectroscopy is ...
Weyenberg Wim - - 2007
The cytotoxicity and physical properties of various submicron O/W emulsions and solid lipid nanoparticles for dermal applications were investigated. Droplet size and zetapotential of submicron emulsions depended on the composition of the cosurfactant blend used. The viability of J774 macrophages, mouse 3T3 fibroblasts and HaCaT keratinocytes was significantly reduced in ...
Pappas Athanasios C - - 2007
There is currently little information regarding the metabolic fates of yolk lipid and individual fatty acids during embryonic development of free-living avian species. Here we report the pattern of lipid utilization during embryonic development of the coot (Fulica atra) and the moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), two related species producing precocial offspring ...
Lausada Natalia R - - 2007
The objective was to analyze the lipid composition of the atherosclerotic plaque (AP), plasma and erythrocyte membrane (EM) in patients with advanced coronary heart disease (CHD). AP were obtained through endarterectomy in 18 patients. Ten normolipemic healthy subjects were selected to obtain the normal lipid pattern profile. Total lipids of ...
Ando Yasuhiro - - 2007
There has been no information on lipids of brackish water mysid Neomysis intermedia, which is the most important mysid for human food in Japan. The present study revealed their lipid content, lipid class composition, and fatty acid compositions of total lipids (TL) and major lipid classes. Lipid content of the ...
van Diepen Linda T A - - 2007
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are important below-ground carbon (C) sinks that can be sensitive to increased nitrogen (N) availability. The abundance of AM fungi (AMF) was estimated in maple (Acer spp.) fine roots following more than a decade of experimental additions of N designed to simulate chronic atmospheric N deposition. ...
Mukhopadhyay Tapas - - 2007
The lipid content and the composition pattern of the lipid class including fatty acid composition in the eggs of two different Indian silurid cat fishes Ompok pabda and Wallagu attu have been examined. The lipid content of O. pabda and W. attu (on dry basis) are about 14.7% and 17.8% ...
Yamashita Shun-ichi - - 2007
We recently showed that, in the yeast Pichia pastoris, an ergosterol glucoside synthesizing enzyme, Atg26, is recruited to the precursor of the pexophagic structure, micropexophagic membrane apparatus (MIPA), under the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 4'-monophosphate (PI4P)-signaling during pexophagy. Atg26 was found to harbor a novel PI4P-binding motif, the GRAM domain. Both ...
Vadovic P - - 2007
The composition and structure of lipid A isolated from the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Piscirickettsia salmonis were investigated by chemical analyses, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GCMS), and electrospray ionization (ESI) combined with the tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Our study revealed moderate compositional and structural heterogeneity of lipid A with respect to the ...
Xu Haiyan - - 2007
Stearoyl-CoA desaturases (SCDs) catalyze the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids from saturated fatty acids. Four scd genes have been identified in mice and three in human (including one pseudogene). Among the four mouse SCD isoforms, SCD1 is predominantly expressed in liver and adipose tissue. Mice null for the scd1 gene ...
Caussin J - - 2007
Dry skin symptoms such as scaling and itching are often treated with lipophilic moisturizers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lipophilic moisturizers on the stratum corneum (SC) ultra-structure and lipid organization. Lipophilic moisturizers were applied on the forearms of 4 healthy volunteers for 3 h. ...
Ekman Asa - - 2007
Few studies regarding the effects of elevated atmospheric CO(2) concentrations on plant lipid metabolism have been carried out. Here, the effects of elevated CO(2) concentration on lipid composition in mature seeds and in leaves during the diurnal cycle of Arabidopsis thaliana were investigated. Plants were grown in controlled climate chambers ...
Nichols Kelly K - - 2007
PURPOSE: The complex superficial lipid layer of the tear film functions to prevent evaporation and maintain tear stability. Although classes of lipids found in the tear film have been reported, individual lipid species are currently being studied with more sophisticated. METHODS: The purpose of this work was to show the ...
Hayward Scott A L - - 2007
The physiological adjustment of organisms in response to temperature variation is a crucial part of coping with environmental stress. An important component of the cold response is the increase in membrane lipid unsaturation, and this has been linked to an enhanced resistance to the debilitating or lethal effects of cold. ...
Hidaka Hiroya - - 2007
This study used matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) to identify all lipid classes in human serum lipoproteins. After the major lipoproteins classes were isolated from serum by ultracentrifugation, the lipids were extracted and mixed with 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB) dissolved in Folch's solution (chloroform/methanol 2:1, v/v). ...
Huynh Minh Dieu - - 2007
Crude lipid and fatty acid composition from liver, intestine, roe, milt and flesh of spawning and non-spawning Pacific herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) were examined to determine the relative effects of spawning on the nutritional value of herring. Depletion of lipid due to spawning condition was significant (P<0.01) in all organ ...
Wang Xiaoyuan - - 2006
Francisella tularensis subsp. novicida U112 phospholipids, extracted without hydrolysis, consist mainly of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, and two lipid A species, designated A1 and A2. These lipid A species, present in a ratio of 7:1, comprise 15% of the total phospholipids, as judged by 32Pi labeling. Although lipopolysaccharide is detectable in ...
Jennemann Richard - - 2007
Ceramides are vital components of the water barrier in mammalian skin. Epidermis-specific, a major ceramide portion contains omega-hydroxy very long chain fatty acids (C30-C36). These omega-hydroxy ceramides (Cers) are found in the extracellular lamellae of the stratum corneum either as linoleic acyl esters or protein bound. Glucosylceramide is the major ...
Sturmey R G - - 2006
The role of endogenous lipid in the provision of energy during in vitro maturation of immature porcine oocytes has been studied. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) acceptor bleaching methods have been used to examine mitochondrial:lipid droplet co-localisation in live oocytes. FRET experiments demonstrate whether organelles are within the FRET-distance (i.e. ...
King Matthew D - - 2006
Analysis of chlorinated fatty acids (CFA) in tissues can be difficult because of their low concentrations. This task becomes even more difficult when samples are from organisms living in remote locations with very little exposure to environmental contamination. Therefore, enrichment of CFA is necessary prior to analysis. In this study, ...
Schlegel Amnon - - 2006
Although the absorption, transport, and catabolism of dietary lipids have been studied extensively in great detail in mammals and other vertebrates, a tractable genetic system for identifying novel genes involved in these physiologic processes is not available. To establish such a model, we monitored neutral lipid by staining fixed zebrafish ...
Toppe Jogeir - - 2007
The chemical composition, content of minerals and the profiles of amino acids and fatty acids were analyzed in fish bones from eight different species of fish. Fish bones varied significantly in chemical composition. The main difference was lipid content ranging from 23 g/kg in cod (Gadus morhua) to 509 g/kg ...
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