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Results 351 - 400 of 2347
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Shah A K M Azad - - 2008
Complex lipids in the starfish Asterias amurensis were characterized and the influence of sphingoid bases on human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells was also investigated. Lipid content of gonad and viscera were 3.3% and 6.8%, respectively, in wet basis. The main lipid class in gonad was ceramide monohexoside (CMH) while triglyceride ...
Tomita Yumiko - - 2008
It has been reported that saliva may play an important role in the prevention and development of enamel caries and that both lipids and protein contents in saliva may be relevant to this role. This study examined the lipid and protein levels in saliva from individuals differing in caries experience. ...
Takenaga Fumio - - 2008
The lipid and fatty acid composition of the mesocarp and seed of avocado fruit grown and harvested in Japan, which is located at the northern range of the avacado, was investigated and compared to an imported avocado purchased commercially. The potential of the avocado mesocarp as an agricultural product in ...
Kato Tomohisa - - 2008
A method utilizing strong anion exchanger cartridges (InertSep SAX) was developed to separate gangliosides. Total lipids extracted from rat brain is able to be rapidly separated into neutral and acidic lipids rapidly. Neutral lipids were passed through the SAX cartridge while acidic lipids adsorbed onto the cartridge and were eluted ...
Schwab Ursula - - 2008
The effect of weight loss on different plasma lipid subclasses at the molecular level is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine whether a diet-induced weight reduction result in changes in the extended plasma lipid profiles (lipidome) in subjects with features of metabolic syndrome in a 33-week intervention. ...
Gani Osman A B S M - - 2008
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARalpha, PPARgamma, and PPARdelta) are physiological sensors for glucose and lipid homeostasis. They are also the targets of synthetic drugs; such as fibrates as PPARalpha agonists which lower lipid level, and glitazones as PPARgamma agonists which lower glucose level. As diabetes and metabolic diseases are often associated ...
Ximenes A A - - 2008
Lipid transport in arthropods is achieved by highly specialized lipoproteins, which resemble those described in vertebrate blood. Here we describe purification and characterization of the lipid-apolipoprotein complex, lipophorin (Lp), from adults and larvae of the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus. We also describe the Lp-mediated lipid transfer to developing oocytes. Lps ...
Nagao Koji - - 2008
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic disorders, such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and impaired fasting glucose that contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome is complicated and the precise mechanisms have not been elucidated, dietary lipids have been recognized as contributory ...
Nejad Mansour Seyyed - - 2007
The present study investigated the quantitative changes of olive leaves and fruits lipid during fruit ripening in olive cv. Manzanillo and cv. Dezful. Total lipids were measured and analyzed fatty acids by gas chromatography (GC) in on and off years. Present results showed that; Major fatty acids of leaves and ...
Kato Tomohisa - - 2008
Centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) was applied to separate amphiphilic glycolipids and pseudo-glycolipids synthesized by using cells. Neutral and acidic lipid fractions were isolated by CPC under suitable conditions respectively. Separation of neutral lipid, Gb3-type and Gb4-type oligosaccharide synthesized by using cells, was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of ...
Li Yuan - - 2007
The functional role of neutral lipids in the lung is poorly understood. Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a critical enzyme in hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides to generate free fatty acids and cholesterol in lysosomes. Human LAL was over-expressed in a doxycycline-controlled system in mouse respiratory epithelial cells to ...
Dalpiaz A - - 2008
The objective of this study was to prepare solid lipid microparticles (SLMs) loaded with the polar adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA). The microparticles were produced by the conventional hot emulsion technique, using different lipidic carriers (tristearin, glyceryl behenate and stearic acid) and hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine as the surfactant. The controlled ...
Munoz-Garcia Agusti - - 2008
Resistance to water-vapor diffusion through the skin is thought to be conferred by lipids in the stratum corneum (SC), the outer layer of the epidermis. We tested the effect of ambient humidity on cutaneous water loss (CWL) and lipid composition of the SC by acclimating house sparrows (Passer domesticus) to ...
Welti Ruth - - 2007
Analysis of the polar lipids of Toxoplasma gondii by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry provides a detailed picture of the lipid molecular species of this parasitic protozoan. Most notably, T. gondii contains a relatively high level, estimated to about 2% of the total polar lipid, of ceramide phosphoethanolamine. The ceramide ...
Hong Yun-Jeong - - 2007
The rapid rise in obesity-related diseases has increased interest in oral and dietary agents that disrupt fat metabolism, resulting in the excretion of dietary lipids in the feces. In this study, a rapid and convenient liquid chromatography method to comprehensively analyze fecal lipids in a single injection was developed. An ...
Venkatachalam Mahesh - - 2007
On an edible portion basis, pecan moisture, protein, lipid, total soluble sugars, and ash contents ranged from 2.1% to 6.4%, 6.0% to 11.3%, 65.9% to 78.0%, 3.3% to 5.3%, and 1.2% to 1.8%, respectively. With the exception of a high tannin (2.7%) Texas seedling, pecan tannin content was in a ...
Almeida Neiva Maria - - 2007
The chemical composition of Amazonian fish is extremely variable, being influenced by the season and the type and amount of food. A special interest in the fish oil composition has been developed owing to the presence of essential fatty acids, since this is directly related to human health. This study ...
Grigová Magdalena - - 2007
Adequate storage compounds are a prerequisite for successful development during the later stages of somatic embryogenesis; however, the critical amount of reserves below which somatic embryos fail to mature and germinate has not been determined. We analyzed storage lipids during Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) somatic embryogenesis. As maturation ...
Mun JiYoung - - 2007
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a recognized periodontal pathogen, is a source of sphinganine bases, fatty acids, free ceramides as well as complex lipids that potentiate interleukin-1b-mediated secretory responses in gingival fibroblasts. The purpose of this study is the structural verification of the sphinganine bases and fatty acids that had been proposed as ...
Garcia P T - - 2008
Fatty acid (FA) composition of intramuscular fat (IMF) in M. Longissimus dorsi (LD) was measured in 72 steers from Angus (A), Charolais×Angus (CHA×A) and Holstein Argentine (HA) breeds. The steers were allotted to four dietary treatments of six animals each: T1, steers grazed on pasture; T2, steers supplemented with cracked ...
Cho Si Young - - 2007
Prp19p is a protein found in the nucleus, cytosol or lipid droplets depending on the cell type. Prp19p participates in pre-mRNA splicing, in neuronal/astroglial cell fate decisions or in adipocyte lipid droplet biogenesis. In this study, the motifs of Prp19p that are necessary for its localization to lipid droplets or ...
Giannoulis Paschalis - - 2008
Previous research established different interactions of the insect pathogen, Xenorhabdus nematophila and nonpathogen, Bacillus subtilis, with antimicrobial hemocytes and humoral factors of larval Malacosoma disstria [Giannoulis, P., Brooks, C.L., Dunphy, G.B., Mandato, C.A., Niven, D.F., Zakarian, R.J., 2007. Interaction of the bacteria Xenorhabdus nematophila (Enterobacteriaceae) and Bacillus subtilis (Bacillaceae) with ...
Brodte Eva - - 2008
Total lipid content, lipid classes and fatty acid composition were analysed in tissues from two eelpout species fed on the same diet, the Antarctic Pachycara brachycephalum and the temperate Zoarces viviparus, with the aim of determining the role of lipids in fishes from different thermal habitats. The lipid content increased ...
Sørensen Peder Grove - - 2008
We have extracted polar lipids and waxes from isolated chlorosomes from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum and determined the fatty acid composition of each lipid class. Polar lipids amounted to 4.8 mol per 100 mol bacteriochlorophyll in the chlorosomes, while non-polar lipids (waxes) were present at a ratio of ...
Narváez Mirle - - 2008
We examined the influence of the reproductive cycle and environmental factors on variations of the condition index (CI), tissue dry mass, shell size, total lipid content, and relative percent of fatty acids in the mussel, Perna perna. Spat or juveniles were reared to commercial size (70 mm) in suspension culture ...
Razani Seyed Hadi - - 2007
The production of carotenoids, lipid content, and fatty acid composition were all studied in a strain of Sporobolomyces ruberrimus when using different concentrations of technical glycerol as the carbon source and ammonium sulfate as the nitrogen source. The total lipids represented an average of 13% of the dry weight, and ...
Grimaldi P A - - 2007
Lipid homeostasis requires a strict balance between lipid intake and consumption. This balance is controlled by different systems that regulate food intake, energy storage and energy expenditure. This review focuses on the roles of peroxisome proliferator- activated receptors (PPARs) in some of these regulatory processes. PPARs are transcription factors that ...
Lorentz Holly - - 2007
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of in vitro lipid doping on conventional hydrogel (CH) and silicone hydrogel (SH) lens wettability, assessed by sessile drop contact angle (CA) measurement. METHODS: Nine contact lens materials, five SHs and four CH, were incubated with two different lipid tear solutions (LTS) containing cholesterol, cholesteryl ...
Drake David R - - 2008
The skin surface represents our interface with the external environment, and as such, is our first line of defense against microbial colonization and infection. Lipids at the skin surface are thought to underlie at least part of an antimicrobial barrier. Some of these lipids are synthesized in the epidermis and ...
Romanowicz Lech - - 2008
The improved method for HPLC determination of fatty acids was proposed. The chromatographic separation of p-bromophenacyl derivatives of fatty acids under a gradient elution was achieved at 40 degrees C with an RP-18 LiChroCART 5 column and organic mobile phase containing methanol, acetonitrile, water and TEAP buffer pH 5.6. The ...
Feingold Kenneth R - - 2007
The permeability barrier is required for terrestrial life and is localized to the stratum corneum, where extracellular lipid membranes inhibit water movement. The lipids that constitute the extracellular matrix have a unique composition and are 50% ceramides, 25% cholesterol, and 15% free fatty acids. Essential fatty acid deficiency results in ...
Venkitasubramanian Padmesh - - 2008
Aldehyde oxidoreductase (carboxylic acid reductase) catalyzes the Mg(2+), ATP and NADPH dependent reduction of carboxylic acids to their corresponding aldehydes. The identification of the gene from Nocardia sp. NRRL 5646 and its expression in E. coli BL21-CodonPlus(®)(DE3)-RP/pHAT305 provided an avenue to develop a biocatalyst for reduction of carboxylic acids. In ...
Stefens Josemar Luis - - 2007
Coprostanol (contribution characteristic from anthropogenic pollution) and other lipid biomarkers (sterols, fatty alcohols and fatty acids) were identified and quantified in recent sediment extracts from Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon, a touristy spot of Rio de Janeiro-Brazil, using gas chromatography with mass selective detector (GC-MSD). The determination of lipid biomarkers profile ...
Angerbauer C - - 2008
The potential of accumulation of lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi when grown on sewage sludge was assessed. On a synthetic medium, accumulation of lipids strongly depended on the C/N ratio. The highest content of lipids was measured at a C/N-ratio of 150 with 68% lipids of the dry matter while at ...
Lin Chih-Li - - 2007
Black tea is one of the world's most popular beverages, and its health-promoting effects have been intensively investigated. The antiobesity and hypolipidemic effects of black tea have attracted increasing interest, but the mechanisms underlying these phenomena remain unclear. In the present study, the black tea major component theaflavins were assessed ...
Ernst Robert K - - 2007
Three structural features of lipid A (addition of palmitate [C16 fatty acid], addition of aminoarabinose [positively charged amino sugar residue], and retention of 3-hydroxydecanoate [3-OH C10 fatty acid]) were determined for Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF; n=86), from the environment (n=13), and from patients with other ...
Wang Xilong - - 2007
Sorption of phenanthrene and 1-naphthol by a peat soil (PS) and its humic acid fractions (HAs) and humin (HM) was examined. Both phenanthrene and 1-naphthol consistently had decreased isotherm nonlinearity in the order PS > HA1 (first fraction) > HA7 (seventh fraction), due to decreased heterogeneity of soil organic matter ...
Vanitha A - - 2007
The composition of polar, neutral and glycolipid fractions of two halotolerant algae, Dunaliella salina and Dunaliella bardawil, which are exclusively used for the production of beta-carotene was determined in modified medium. In D. salina the glycolipid fraction accounted to 28%, in comparison with 40% of D. bardawil. However, in D. ...
Sabin Matthew A - - 2007
Circulating concentrations of fatty acids are elevated in obesity, although their effect on regional fat deposition is relatively unexplored. With the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, we aimed to investigate whether saturated and unsaturated fatty acids lead to differential lipid accumulation (LA) in children's subcutaneous and visceral adipocytes. To examine ...
Rodríguez-Alcalá Luis M - - 2007
Changes in the lipid composition of two standard infant formulas induced by 4 years of storage were determined. Lipids were thoroughly analyzed using different gas-liquid and liquid-liquid chromatographic techniques. Oleic acid and linoleic acid, which accounted for almost the total monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, respectively, showed slight but significant ...
Butovich Igor A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to structurally characterize the major lipid species present in human meibomian gland secretions (MGS) of individual subjects by means of ion trap atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometry analysis (API MS(n)). The samples of MGS and authentic lipid standards were analyzed in direct infusion and ...
Wichard Thomas - - 2007
Lipid and fatty acid composition are considered to be key parameters that determine the nutritive quality of phytoplankton diets for zooplanktonic herbivores. The fitness, reproduction and physiology of the grazers are influenced by these factors. The trophic transfer of lipids and fatty acids from algal cells has been typically studied ...
Vieler Astrid - - 2007
The lipid composition of algae is crucial for numerous structural and physiological aspects, e.g. the integrity of the photosynthetic complexes and the functionality of membrane-embedded processes as the photosynthetic electron transport in thylakoids or the mitochondrial respiration. In this paper the lipid composition of the organic extracts of the green ...
Zhang Ying - - 2007
Malic enzyme (ME; NADP(+)-dependent; EC 1 . 1 . 1 . 40) has been postulated to be the rate-limiting step for fatty acid biosynthesis in oleaginous fungi in which the extent of lipid accumulation is below the maximum possible. The genes encoding the isoform of ME involved in fatty acid ...
Neves L - - 2008
A synthetic waste was used to study the effect of waste composition on anaerobic degradation of restaurant waste. It was made by blending melted pork lard, white cabbage, chicken breast, and potato flakes, to simulate lipids, cellulose, protein, and carbohydrates, respectively. Four blends of the four constituents with an excess ...
Thormar Halldor - - 2007
Lipids such as fatty alcohols, free fatty acids and monoglycerides of fatty acids are known to be potent antimicrobial/microbicidal agents in vitro and to kill enveloped viruses, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi on contact. For over half a century several studies have tried to answer the question of whether ...
Torres-Arreola Wilfrido - - 2007
Fresh sierra fish (Scomberomorus sierra) fillets were packed in low-density polyethylene films with butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT-LDPE) added. Fillets packed in LDPE with no BHT were used as controls (LDPE). The packed fillets were stored at -25 degrees C for 120 days in which the film released 66.5% of the antioxidant. ...
Li Duo - - 2007
The total lipid content, composition of main lipid classes, composition of sterols and composition of fatty acids in the main glycerolipids of Perna viridis were analyzed through four seasons using TLC-FID and GLC. Mussel samples were collected during different seasons between 2003 and 2004 from Shengsi Island, Zhejiang Province, China ...
Spickett Corinne M - - 2007
Although the existence of halogenated lipids in lower organisms has been known for many years, it is only since the 1990s that interest in their occurrence in mammalian systems has developed. Chlorinated (and other halogenated) lipids can arise from oxidation by hypohalous acids, such as HOCl, which are products of ...
Mayzaud Patrick - - 2007
Structure and functioning of colonial pyrosomes are largely undescribed and their lipid characteristics have received limited attention. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap on one of the dominant species Pyrosoma atlanticum. Lipid content is tightly coupled to size and weight. Lipid composition shows a large dominance ...
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