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Tanaka Tamotsu - - 2009
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator that plays a role in the process of wound healing in animal tissues, including the digestive tract. We determined LPA in several foodstuffs, and found that cabbage leaves were the richest source of LPA. We also found that, at 22 and 195 nmol/g ...
Pineau Ludovic - - 2009
Stress within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induces a coordinated response, namely the unfolded protein response (UPR), devoted to helping the ER cope with the accumulation of misfolded proteins. Failure of the UPR plays an important role in several human diseases. Recent studies report that intracellular accumulation of saturated fatty acids ...
Rabkin Simon W - - 2009
The objective of this study was to examine the potential of stearic acid to induce cardiomyocyte cell death and the hypothesis that the amount of cellular lipid is a determinant of cell death. In cardiomyocytes from embryonic chick heart, stearic acid (SA) produced a significant (P < 0.001) concentration-dependent increase ...
Quilo S A - - 2009
The effect of using potassium lactate, sodium metasilicate, acidified sodium chlorite, or peroxyacetic acid as a single antimicrobial intervention on ground beef instrumental color, sensory color and odor characteristics, and lipid oxidation was evaluated. Prior to grinding, beef trimmings (90/10) were treated with 3% potassium lactate (KL), 4% sodium metasilicate ...
Basconcillo Libia Saborido - - 2009
A shotgun lipidomics approach was used to study the knockout mutant of a putative lysophosphatidic acyl acid transferase (PlsC) in order to delineate the function of this enzyme in Sinorhizobium meliloti. In plsC knockout mutant lipids that contained 16:0 and 16:1 fatty acids and their biosynthetically related cyclopropane fatty acid ...
Haag Andreas F - - 2009
Free-living Sinorhizobium meliloti lpxXL and acpXL mutants lack lipid A very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and have reduced competitiveness in alfalfa. We demonstrate that LpxXL and AcpXL play important but distinct roles in bacteroid development and that LpxXL is essential for the modification of S. meliloti bacteroid lipid A with VLCFAs.
Grasso Ernesto Javier - - 2009
The permeability barrier of the urothelium (covering the mammalian urinary tract) has stimulated interest in the role of the luminal membrane in the barrier function. To know how membrane lipids may affect the permeability barrier we prepare endocytic vesicles of different lipid composition entrapping a fluorescent dye (HPTS) and its ...
Waters S M - - 2009
Ruminant fat is often perceived as having a negative impact on human health; however, the composition of the fat is under complex biochemical control and can be improved through strategic manipulation of the animal's diet. There were two major objectives of this study, namely (i) to develop and validate a ...
Salibian A - - 2009
This review discusses different aspects of the uropygial gland of birds. The gland exhibits a striking morphological diversity in size, shape and presence/absence of tufts of feathers. It was shown that acidic mucins, neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids are normal components of secretion. Several morphological and physiological aspects of the ...
Zahorodny Duggan Zoey P - - 2009
Fat bodies in the heads of toothed whales, which serve to transmit and receive sound, represent extraordinary examples of physiological specialization in adipose tissues among mammals, yet we know surprisingly little about their biochemical composition. We describe the spatial distributions and development of unusual endogenous lipids (branched-chain ["iso"] molecules and ...
Yoo Chan - - 2010
To select microalgae with a high biomass and lipid productivity, Botryococcus braunii, Chlorella vulgaris, and Scenedesmus sp. were cultivated with ambient air containing 10% CO(2) and flue gas. The biomass and lipid productivity for Scenedesmus sp. with 10% CO(2) were 217.50 and 20.65 mg L(-1)d(-1) (9% of biomass), while those ...
Barreira João C M - - 2009
Four Portuguese chestnut cultivars from the "Castanha da Terra Fria" protected designation of origin were selected: Aveleira, Boa Ventura, Judia and Longal. The nutritional parameters (moisture, fat, protein, carbohydrates, ash and energy) as well as fibers (neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, acid detergent lignin and cellulose) were characterized. Moisture ...
Kim Hyun Ju - - 2009
A significant reduction of renal mass results in proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, and tubulointerstitial injury, culminating in end-stage chronic renal failure (CRF). The accumulation of lipids in the kidney can cause renal disease. Uptake of oxidized lipoproteins via scavenger receptors, reabsorption of filtered protein-bound lipids via the megalin-cubilin complex, and increased glucose ...
Zhang Yuebo - - 2009
Lecithin is an essential biological component and widely used as a nutritional supplement for protecting cells from oxidation, increase fat burning and preventing cardiovascular disease. Lecithin contains fatty acids identified as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists. However, the role of lecithin in adipogenesis and lipogenesis remains elusive. 3T3-L1 cells ...
Webster Grant T - - 2009
Synchrotron Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra of fixed single erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium falciparum at different stages of the intraerythrocytic cycle are presented for the first time. Bands assigned to the hemozoin moiety at 1712, 1664, and 1209 cm(-1) are observed in FT-IR difference spectra between uninfected erythrocytes and infected ...
Ortega Aurelio - - 2010
Lipids and essential fatty acids are determinants of the reproductive process in marine fish, affecting fecundity, egg quality, hatching performance, pigmentation and larval malformation. We have analyzed and characterized the lipids of eggs and unfed larvae of two wild caught scombroid fish, the Atlantic northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) and ...
Buckner James S - - 2009
The cuticular lipids of the cavity-nesting adult female solitary bees, Osmia lignaria Say and Megachile rotundata (F.) (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae), were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined GC-mass spectrometry. The cuticular lipids of these female bees are mainly consisted of hydrocarbons. For O. lignaria, nearly 64% of the cuticular lipids ...
Beaulieu Lucie - - 2009
Snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) constitutes valuable and nutritional sources of components, such as proteins, lipids and chitin. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of applying a pilot scale enzymatic hydrolysis process of snow crab by-products, followed by fractionation, in order to recover enriched high-valued compounds. The yield ...
Martínez-Aguilar Juan Fco - - 2009
Five agave plants typically used in Mexico for making mezcal in places included in the Denomination of Origin (Mexican federal law that establishes the territory within which mezcal can be produced) of this spirit were analyzed: Agave salmiana ssp. crassispina, A. salmiana var. salmiana, Agave angustifolia, Agave cupreata, and Agave ...
Janssens M - - 2009
The barrier function of the skin is provided by the stratum corneum (SC), the outermost layer of the skin.Ceramides (CERs), cholesterol (CHOL) and free fatty acids (FFAs) are present in SC and form highly ordered crystalline lipid lamellae. These lamellae are crucial for a proper skin barrier function. In the ...
Muhonen Jaana - - 2009
In the case of local anesthetic intoxication, intravenous administration of lipid-based Intralipid dispersion (Fresenius Kabi) can be used for the entrapment of hydrophobic drugs. Our long-term aim is to develop a sensitive, efficient, and non-harmful lipid-based formulation to specifically trap harmful substances. In this study liposome electrokinetic capillary chromatography (LEKC) ...
Boutet Emilie - - 2009
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare recessive disease characterized by near absence of adipose tissue and severe insulin resistance. In most cases, BSCL is due to loss-of-function mutations in the genes encoding either seipin of unknown function or 1-acyl-glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2) which catalyses the formation of phosphatidic acid ...
Lawniczak Cynthia J - - 2009
The metabolism of lipids and fatty acids during embryonic development of Chelydra serpentina (common snapping turtle) was investigated. Substantial changes in lipid class and fatty acid composition occurred as lipids were transferred from the yolk to the yolk sac membrane (YSM) and then to the brain, eyes, heart, and lungs ...
Saborido Basconcillo Libia - - 2009
Cyclopropane fatty acyl synthases (CFA synthases) are enzymes that catalyse the addition of a methylene group across cis double bonds of monounsaturated fatty acyl chains in lipids. We have investigated the function of two putative genes, cfa1 and cfa2, proposed to code for CFA synthases in Sinorhizobium meliloti. Total fatty ...
Ishida Yasuyuki - - 2009
Reaction efficiencies of two organic alkalis, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) and trimethylsulfonium hydroxide (TMSH), with lipids during thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM) were examined focusing on (1) the types of lipids and (2) degree of unsaturation of fatty acid moieties. Different types of lipids such as triglycerides, phospholipids, free fatty ...
Lyssimachou Angeliki - - 2009
Molluscs are sensitive species to the toxic effects of organotin compounds, particularly to masculinisation. Both tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) have been recently shown to bind to mollusc retinoid X receptor (RXR). If RXR is involved in lipid homeostasis, exposure to TPT would have an immediate effect on endogenous lipids. ...
Peters Günther H - - 2009
Free fatty acids in biomembranes have been proposed to be a central component in several cellular control and regulatory mechanisms. To elucidate some fundamental elements underlying this, we have applied molecular dynamics simulations and experimental density measurements to study the molecular packing and structure of oleic acid (HOA) and stearic ...
Ramírez R - - 2009
Internal wool lipids (IWLs) are rich in cholesterol, free fatty acids, cholesteryl sulfate, and, mainly, ceramides. The repairing effect of these lipids structured as liposomes was demonstrated by reinforcing the skin-barrier integrity and increasing the water-holding capacity when applied onto the skin. This work was focused on the formation of ...
Rodolfi Liliana - - 2009
Thirty microalgal strains were screened in the laboratory for their biomass productivity and lipid content. Four strains (two marine and two freshwater), selected because robust, highly productive and with a relatively high lipid content, were cultivated under nitrogen deprivation in 0.6-L bubbled tubes. Only the two marine microalgae accumulated lipid ...
Illijas Muhammad I - - 2009
The lipid class and fatty acid composition of a little-known and rarely collected alga Exophyllum wentii from Bali Island, Indonesia were determined for fresh and frozen-thawed samples using thin-layer chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography, and high-performance liquid chromatography. Glycoglycerolipids, which mainly consisted of mongalactosyldiacylglycerols (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerols (DGDG), were the predominant lipid ...
Figueiras Alicia N Lorenzo - - 2009
The triatomine bugs are vectors of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. Aggregation behavior plays an important role in their survival by facilitating the location of refuges and cohesion of aggregates, helping to keep them safely assembled into shelters during daylight time, when they are ...
Tournoud Maud - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the advantages of structural equation models in biomedical research using the complex example of cystic fibrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 595 blood samples from 312 patients were tested. The model studied the effects of age, BMI and clinical condition on seven major latent variables: pulmonary function, lipid oxidation ...
Yoshida Satoshi - - 2009
The metabolism of dietary fatty acids in human has been measured so far using human blood cells and stable-isotope labeled fatty acids, however, no direct data was available for human peripheral tissues and other major organs. To realize the role of dietary fatty acids in human health and diseases, it ...
Borek Slawomir - - 2009
A comparative study was carried out on the dynamics of lipid accumulation in developing seeds of three lupine species. Lupine seeds differ in lipid content; yellow lupine (Lupinus luteus L.) seeds contain about 6%, white lupine (Lupinus albus L.) 7-14%, and Andean lupine (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet) about 20% of lipids ...
Turkish Aaron R - - 2009
The storage of fatty acids and fatty alcohols in the form of neutral lipids such as triacylglycerol (TAG), cholesteryl ester (CE), and wax ester (WE) serves to provide reservoirs for membrane formation and maintenance, lipoprotein trafficking, lipid detoxification, evaporation barriers, and fuel in times of stress or nutrient deprivation. This ...
Limbourn Andrew J - - 2009
Lipid, fatty acid and protein content were determined individually on 7 phyllosomata, 69 clear pueruli, 286 pre-moult pueruli, and 86 juvenile western rock lobster (WRL) collected from four locations between the settlement seasons 2000 to 2006 to evaluate compositional changes during the non-feeding puerulus stage. Only the lipid content, particularly ...
Peters Gu╠łnther H - - 2008
Free fatty acids in biomembranes have been proposed to be a central component in several cellular control and regulatory mechanisms. To elucidate some fundamental elements underlying this, we have applied molecular dynamics simulations and experimental density measurements to study the molecular packing and structure of oleic acid (HOA) and stearic ...
Zhu Lin L University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38103-3308, - - 2008
A series of pyridinium lipids containing a heterocyclic ring and a nitrogen atom were synthesized to determine the structure-activity relationship for gene delivery. Pyrylium chloroaluminate was synthesized by monoacylation of mesityl oxide and converted into pyrylium hexafluorophosphate, which was used as the key intermediate for reaction with different primary amines, ...
Harwood John L - - 2009
Eukaryotic algae are a very diverse group of organisms that are key components of ecosystems ranging from deserts to the Antarctic. They account for over half of the primary production at the base of food chains. The lipids of different classes are varied and contain unusual compounds not found in ...
Romanowicz Lech - - 2009
The lipid composition of arterial walls changes during development, ageing and pathological processes. Preeclampsia is the most common pregnancy-associated pathological syndrome. It is accompanied by significant remodelling of the extracellular matrix, both in the umbilical cord vessels and in the surrounding Wharton's jelly. Lipids of the umbilical cord have not ...
El Hamidi Asmaa - - 2009
Bordetella parapertussis like B. pertussis, is a causal agent of whooping cough but is not a strictly human pathogen. Because its endotoxin, a major structural component of the Gram-negative outer membrane, is an important virulence factor, we have analyzed the structure of its toxic lipid domain, in one rough and ...
Yeh E - - 2008
1. Plasma lipids were investigated to determine whether they influence the biological activities of specific coagulation proteins Factors V, VII and X. 2. Factor activities decreased when lipids were depleted from the plasma of Single Comb White Leghorn (SCWL) and Fatty Liver Haemorrhagic Syndrome-susceptible (FLHS) laying hens. 3. Addition of ...
Wittmann Melanie - - 2008
Daptomycin and A21987C antibiotics are branched, cyclic, nonribosomally assembled acidic lipodepsipeptides produced by Streptomyces roseosporus. The antibacterial activity of daptomycin against gram-positive bacteria strongly depends on the nature of the N-terminal fatty acid moiety. Two genes, dptE and dptF, localized upstream of the daptomycin nonribosomal peptide synthetase genes, are thought ...
Sathe S K - - 2008
Eight almond (Prunus dulcis L.) cultivars from 12 different California counties, collected during crop years 2004 to 2005 and 2005 to 2006, were extracted with petroleum ether. The extracts were subjected to GC-MS analyses to determine fatty acid composition of soluble lipids. Results indicated palmitic (C16:0), oleic (C18:1), linoleic (C18:2), ...
Pedroso Nuno - - 2009
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the rate of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) diffusion through the plasma membrane decreases during adaptation to H(2)O(2) by a still unknown mechanism. Here, adaptation to H(2)O(2) was observed to modulate rapidly the expression of genes coding for enzymes involved in ergosterol and lipid metabolism. Adaptation to H(2)O(2) also ...
Feingold Kenneth R - - 2009
The skin serves the vital function of providing a barrier between the hostile external environment and the host. While the skin has many important barrier functions, the two that are absolutely essential for survival are the barrier to the movement of water and electrolytes (permeability barrier) and the barrier against ...
Yunoki Keita - - 2009
Membrane lipids of photosynthetic organisms consist of glycerophospholipids and glyceroglycolipids. We investigated a method for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of neutral and acidic lipids using HPLC-ELSD, and quantified monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) and sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG). Ten complex lipid classes were separated with a binary gradient system consisting of chloroform and ...
Driscoll David F - - 2009
On December 1, 2007, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) adopted Chapter 729 entitled Globule Size Distribution in Lipid Injectable Emulsions that contains two globule sizing methods and criteria to measure the mean droplet diameter (MDD) and the large-diameter tail of the globule size distribution to meet pharmacopeial specifications. The first ...
Romanowicz Lech - - 2009
The lipid composition of vascular walls changes during development, ageing and pathological processes. Preeclampsia is the most common pregnancy-associated pathological syndrome. It is accompanied by significant remodelling of the extracellular matrix, both in the umbilical cord vessels and in the surrounding Wharton's jelly. Lipids of the umbilical cord have not ...
Chimote G - - 2008
In pulmonary tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis lies in close physical proximity to alveolar surfactant. Cell walls of the mycobacteria contain loosely bound, detachable surface-active lipids. In this study, the effect of mycolic acid (MA), the most abundant mycobacterial cell wall lipid, on the surface activity of phospholipid mixtures from lung surfactant ...
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