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Leiszler Matt - - 2011
Many patients with acute gout (11%-49%) have normal serum uric acid (SUA) levels.
He Qinghua - - 2011
Arginine plays an important role in preventing intestinal dysfunction and metabolic disorders caused by early weaning stress. However, little is known about how arginine mitigates early weaning stress. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of weaning stress and dietary arginine supplementation on the metabonome in serum of piglets ...
Bera Raj Kumar - - 2011
A nonenzymatic method for the selective detection and quantification of serum uric acid (UA) using 2-thiouracil (2-TU) tailored Au nanoparticles is developed. The H-bonding interaction of UA with functionalized Au nanoparticles brings instantaneous visible color change and paves the way for the visible sensing of UA.
Kim O Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We examined the association of fatty acid (FA) composition in serum phospholipids with the features of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and arterial stiffness. METHODS: Korean men (n=593, 30-79yrs) were categorized based on the number of MetS risk factors (RFs) and measured for the markers of MetS, serum phospholipid ...
de Batlle Jordi - - 2011
Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids, including omega-3 and omega-6, could modulate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) persistent inflammation. We aimed to assess the relationship between dietary intake of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and serum inflammatory markers in COPD. A total of 250 clinically stable COPD patients were included. ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2011
A link between serum uric acid and the development of hypertension was first hypothesized in the 1870s. Although numerous epidemiologic studies in the 1980s and 1990s suggested an association, relatively little attention was paid to it until recently. Animal models have suggested a two-step pathogenesis by which uric acid initially ...
Rho Young Hee YH Section of Rheumatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2011
During the past few decades, the mean serum uric acid levels and the prevalence of hyperuricemia in the general population appear to have increased. Correspondingly, the prevalence and incidence of gout have doubled. Potential reasons behind these trends include the increasing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome, Western lifestyle factors, ...
Borg Tessie - - 2011
The Lewis acid-promoted addition of 1,3-bis(silyl)propenes to aldehydes to provide the corresponding (E)-1,3-dienes in excellent stereoselectivity and good to excellent yields is reported. The procedure is mild, base-free, and operationally straightforward.
Shirakawa Seiji - - 2011
Highly diastereo- and enantioselective conjugate addition of α-substituted nitroacetates to maleimides under base-free neutral phase-transfer conditions was developed for the synthesis of α,α-disubstituted α-amino acid derivatives.
Jackson Philippa A - - 2011
The n-3 PUFA are a unique class of fatty acids that cannot be manufactured by the body, and must be acquired via dietary sources. In the UK, as well as in other Western nations, these 'essential' fatty acids are consumed in quantities that fall below government guidelines. The present study ...
Meiresonne Tamara - - 2011
Novel β-aminocyclobutanecarboxylic acid derivatives were prepared via a sequential solvent-free aza-Michael addition of benzophenone imine across 3-halopropylidenemalonates and base-induced ring closure. These highly substituted cyclobutanedicarboxylic acid derivatives were subjected to a reactivity study which demonstrated the tendency of these donor-acceptor substituted four-membered rings to be converted into their corresponding ring-opened ...
Bloch Michael H - - 2011
Several studies have demonstrated differences in omega-3 fatty acid composition in plasma and in erythrocyte membranes in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with unaffected controls. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can alter central nervous system cell membrane fluidity and phospholipid composition. Cell membrane fluidity can alter serotonin ...
Kondo Yasuyuki - - 2011
Aims: Several screening methods have been applied for the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer, but most colorectal cancer patients are not diagnosed at a localized stage. In order to find novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer, profiling of the serum levels of fatty acids, which are the main ...
Naiyanetr Phornnop P Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2011
Our laboratory has hypothesized that xenobiotic modification of the native lipoyl moiety of the major mitochondrial autoantigen, the E2 subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2), may lead to loss of self-tolerance in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). This thesis is based on the finding of readily detectable levels of immunoreactivity ...
Kooshki A - - 2011
Background and Aims: High concentrations of serum inflammation markers, especially vascular inflammation markers, are an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of marine omega-3 fatty acids on serum systemic and vascular inflammation markers and oxidative stress in hemodialysis ...
Notarnicola Maria - - 2011
PURPOSE: Fatty acid synthase is a common phenotype to various human cancers including those of prostate, colon, lung, endometrium, and stomach. Increased fatty acid synthase levels have been detected in serum from patients with breast and pancreatic cancer. In this study, serum levels of fatty acid synthase were measured in ...
Davis-Bruno Karen - - 2011
Docosahexanoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) are long chain essential fatty acids used as supplements in commercial infant formula. DHA/ARA deficient states are associated with adverse neurological outcomes in animals and humans. Preterm infants are at risk for DHA/ARA deficiency. A few clinical reports on the effects of fatty ...
Ohmori Taketo - - 2011
We report that the lees in salmon fish sauce consist of Tyr and Phe. The concentration of free l-Tyr (2.0mM) was almost same as the saturated concentration (2.4mM) in water at 20°C. This result shows that lees are formed by Tyr precipitation due to its saturation in the sauce.
Castro-Gago Manuel - - 2011
We determined the serum concentration of biotin, zinc, antiepileptic drugs, and biotinidase enzyme activity in 20 children treated with valproic acid, in 10 children treated with carbamazepine, and in 75 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. There were no significant differences in the serum levels of biotin, and biotinidase enzyme activity ...
Matthews Helen - - 2011
The effects of essential fatty acid supplementation (EFA) on the control of idiopathic epilepsy in dogs were investigated in a blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Fifteen dogs were treated with triple purified Ω-3 oil containing 400mg eicosapentaenoic acid, 250mg docosahexaenoic acid and 22mg vitamin E per 1.5mL at a dose of 1.5mL/10kg ...
Lin Yinghua - - 2011
Objectives To investigate the association among serum uric acid levels, cardiovascular risk and arterial stiffness in She Ethnic Minority in South China's Fujian Province. Methods 5109 participants aged 20-79 years old were enrolled in analysis eventually. Tpeak-Tend interval (Tp-e), QT interval and height of the R wave in lead aVL ...
Lee Dong-Mok - - 2011
The study was performed to explore the effects of adult bovine male serum (MS), female serum (FS), and castrated male serum (C-MS) on myogenic satellite cells (MSCs) proliferation and differentiation into myotubes or into adipocyte-like cells (ALCs). MSC proliferation and differentiation was highest in the medium supplemented with MS, implying ...
Taylor Carol M - - 2011
Previous syntheses of histidinoalanine (HAL) have led to mixtures of regioisomers and/or stereoisomers. For example, opening of N-Cbz-D-serine-beta-lactone (6) with Boc-L-His-OMe (5) gave a 2:1 mixture of tau- and pi-regioisomers. The sulfamidate 10, derived from N-benzyl-D-serine methyl ester (11), was reacted with Boc-L-His-OMe (5) to give the tau-HAL derivative 17 ...
Harada Kouji H - - 2011
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has recently attracted attention as a potential health risk following environmental contamination. However, information detailing exposure to perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) other than PFOA is limited. We measured the concentrations of PFCAs (from perfluorohexanoic acid to perfluorotetradecanoic acid) in serum samples obtained from patients in Japan (Sendai, ...
Yetley Elizabeth A - - 2011
NHANES measured folate and vitamin B-12 status biomarkers, starting with serum folate from NHANES I (1974-1975) through 2010. Subsequent NHANES measured additional biomarkers [eg, red blood cell folate, serum vitamin B-12, total homocysteine (tHcy), methylmalonic acid, serum folic acid, and 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid]. Examples of the uses of these data are ...
Huang Jingqun - - 2011
Flavonoids are widely found in plants and many of them possess biological and pharmacological activities. In the present study, we assessed the effects of the flavonoids Genistein, Apigenin, Quercetin, Rutin and Astilbin on xanthine oxidase (XO) activities in vitro, and in serum and the liver. The effects of the flavonoids ...
Park Chan Seok - - 2011
Adipokines have been suggested for their potential use in tracking the clinical progress in the subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). To investigate the relationship between the serum levels of adipokines {adiponectin and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4)} and the serum level of uric acid in hypertensive (HTN) patients with MS. In ...
Parisella Maria L - - 2011
Root extract of liquorice is traditionally used to treat several diseases. Liquorice-derived constituents present several biological actions. In particular, glycyrrhizin and its aglycone, glycyrrhetinic acid, exhibit well-known cardiovascular properties. The aim of this research was to explore the direct cardiac activity of glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic acid. The effects of synthetic ...
Tashtoush Bassam M - - 2011
Nicotinic acid is therapeutically the optimum antihyperlipidemic agent, yet its intolerable cutaneous flushing hinders its wide clinical implication. The codrug of nicotinic acid and ibuprofen (IBP) was synthesized in the aim of overcoming the troublesome side effect of nicotinic acid by blockade of prostaglandin synthesis through released IBP, thus enhance ...
Kei Anastazia - - 2011
Nicotinic acid is the oldest hypolipidemic agent in use, since 1955. It possesses broad-spectrum lipid-modifying properties including reduction of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides. In addition, nicotinic acid is the most potent available hypolipidemic agent for increasing plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and decreasing lipoprotein ...
Lukasova Martina - - 2011
Nicotinic acid (niacin) is a drug used to reduce the progression of atherosclerosis. Its antiatherosclerotic activity is believed to result from lipid-modifying effects, including its ability to decrease LDL cholesterol and increase HDL cholesterol levels in plasma. Here, we report that in a mouse model of atherosclerosis, we found that ...
Macías García B - - 2011
Lipids were extracted from ejaculated spermatozoa from seven individual stallions to distinguish neutral lipids (NL) and polar lipids (PL) and determine their variation among stallions and their relationship with sperm quality and sperm susceptibility to lipid peroxidation. The isolated fatty acids were correlated with sperm quality (membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane ...
Kuriki Sayaka - - 2011
Although the SLC22A12 (uric acid transporter 1) 258X allele is known to cause hypouricemia, the genotype frequency according to the serum uric acid (SUA) level has not been reported. This study investigated the SLC22A12 258WX frequency according to SUA levels among Japanese health-checkup examinees. In addition, the changes were reported ...
Chen Jinghai J Cardiovascular Health Research Center, Sanford Research/USD, Sioux Falls, SD 57104, - - 2011
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) from fish oil ameliorate cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on cardiac fibrosis, a major cause of diastolic dysfunction and heart failure. The present study assessed the effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
Holzhäuser Eva - - 2011
Inflammation contributes to atherosclerotic plaque initiation and progression. Recent studies suggest that nicotinic acid has anti-inflammatory effects independent of its lipid-modifying capabilities. We assessed the hypothesis that administration of nicotinic acid to older apolipoprotein E (apoE) deficient mice with established lesions will reduce lesion size and plaque inflammation independent of ...
Rett Brian S - - 2011
Linoleic acid, with a DRI of 12-17 g/d, is the most highly consumed polyunsaturated fatty acid in the Western diet and is found in virtually all commonly consumed foods. The concern with dietary linoleic acid, being the metabolic precursor of arachidonic acid, is its consumption may enrich tissues with arachidonic ...
Mulyasuryani Ani - - 2011
A conductimetric enzyme biosensor for uric acid detection has been developed. The uricase, as enzyme, is isolated from Candida utilis and immobilized on a nata de coco membrane-Pt electrode. The biosensor demonstrates a linear response to urate over the concentration range 1-6 ppm and has good selectivity properties. The response ...
Kepplinger Berthold - - 2011
Stochastic resonance therapy (SRT) is used for rehabilitation of patients with various neuropsychiatric diseases. An alteration in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway has been identified in the central and peripheral nervous systems in patients with neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases and during the aging process. This study investigated the effect ...
Shankar Anoop - - 2011
Perfluoroalkyl chemicals, including perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate, are man-made chemicals that have been detected in the blood of over 98% of the US population. Serum uric acid is a novel biomarker, even mild elevations of which has been implicated in the development of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and ...
Bradbury Kathryn E - - 2011
Serum fatty acids are increasingly used in cross-sectional surveys and cohort studies as biomarkers of dietary fat intake; however, it is currently difficult to judge whether an individual has low or high fatty acid status, or whether the distribution of fatty acids of a group of people is low or ...
Dahl Lisbeth - - 2011
Seafood intake is associated with beneficial effects for human health. Seafood provides a number of nutrients beyond the traditionally known long chain marine n-3 fatty acids EPA, DPA and DHA, such as protein, vitamin D, iodine, selenium and vitamin B12. Valid assessment of dietary seafood and n-3 supplement intakes are ...
Glaser Claudia - - 2011
Tracking of fatty acid (FA) contribution to plasma or serum lipids over time was shown in children and adults. However, the potential role of FADS gene variants has not been investigated. Serum GP FA composition of 331 children aged 2 and 6 years, participating in an ongoing birth cohort study, ...
Ritchie Shawn A - - 2011
Circulating levels of novel long-chain hydroxy fatty acids (called GTAs) were recently discovered in the serum of healthy subjects which were shown to be reduced in subjects with colorectal cancer (CRC), independent of tumor burden or disease stage. The levels of GTAs were subsequently observed to exhibit an inverse association ...
Schuchardt Jan Philipp - - 2011
Bioavailability of omega-3 fatty acids (FA) depends on their chemical form. Superior bioavailability has been suggested for phospholipid (PL) bound omega-3 FA in krill oil, but identical doses of different chemical forms have not been compared. In a double-blinded crossover trial, we compared the uptake of three EPA+DHA formulations derived ...
Bei Roberto - - 2011
Many epidemiologic, observational and randomized human clinical trials have demonstrated beyond doubt the protective cardiovascular effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Cardiac myocytes protection by omega-3 PUFAs involves several mechanisms which might have a synergistic effect. This review provides a summary of the in vitro and in vivo effects ...
Muñoz María - - 2011
Fatty acid composition is a critical aspect of pork because it affects sensorial and technological aspects of meat quality and it is relevant for human health. Previous studies identified significant QTLs in porcine chromosome 12 for fatty acid profile of back fat (BF) and intramuscular fat (IMF). In the present ...
Ashihara Hiroshi - - 2010
The metabolic fate of [carbonyl-(14)C]nicotinamide was investigated in 9 fern species, Psilotum nudum, Angiopteris evecta, Lygodium japonicum, Acrostichum aureum, Asplenium antiquum, Diplazium subsinuatum, Thelypteris acuminate, Blechnum orientale and Crytomium fortune. All fern species produce a large quantity of nicotinic acid glucoside from [(14)C]nicotinamide, but trigonelline formation is very low. Increases in ...
Paternoster Thomas - - 2010
This work describes a medium-based screening method for selecting microbial biocontrol agents against Erwinia amylovora based on the degradation of a specific growth factor. Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of the devastating fire blight disease, requires nicotinic acid or nicotinamide as an essential growth factor. Potential biocontrol agents are either ...
Subramaniam Ramalingam - - 2010
A number of microorganisms belonging to the genera of algae, yeast, bacteria, and fungi have ability to accumulate neutral lipids under specific cultivation conditions. The microbial lipids contain high fractions of polyunsaturated fatty acids and have the potential to serve as a source of significant quantities of transportation fuels. This ...
Jackson Ayanna U - - 2011
Spray solvent doped with silver ions increases the ease of olefin detection by desorption electrospray ionization (DESI). Characteristic silver adducts were generated in up to 50 times greater abundance when compared to conventional DESI spray solvents for the biologically significant olefin, arachidonic acid, in the positive ion mode. In the ...
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