Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1135
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Shimizu Toshihiro - - 2003
Lansoprazole fast-disintegrating tablet (LFDT) is a new patient-friendly formulation of lansoprazole. Since lansoprazole is an antiulcer agent and is unstable under acidic conditions, we have developed LFDT as an orally disintegrating tablet containing enteric-coated microgranules. The effect of compression on dissolution behavior was investigated, as compression affected cleavage and crushing ...
Mwange Kalima N'Koma - - 2003
Eucommia ulmoides (Eucommiaceae), a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, is often subjected to severe manual peeling of its bark. If the girdled trunk is well protected from desiccation, new bark forms within 1 month. It has been proposed that phytohormones play a key role in this process. Research has been conducted ...
Jiménez J J - - 2003
Gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection was used to find the fraction of alcohols and acids present in pure beeswax from Apis mellifera. Some new compounds not described till now were found, such as a family of unsaturated linear fatty acids, several hydroxyacids and 1,2,3-propanetriol monoesters. The chromatographic profiles obtained ...
Hwang Yong-sic - - 2003
The putative H+/Cl- symporter cycloprodigiosin-HCl (cPrG-HCl) was used to investigate the role of vacuole acidification in cereal aleurone cell function. The protein storage vacuole (PSV) becomes acidified rapidly when aleurone cells are treated with gibberellic acid (GA) but not abscisic acid (ABA). We show that cPrG prevents PSV acidification in ...
Leenheer Jerry A - - 2003
13C NMR analyses of hydrophobic dissolved organic matter (DOM) fractions isolated from a landfill leachate contaminated groundwater near Norman, OK; the Colorado River aqueduct near Los Angeles, CA; Anaheim Lake, an infiltration basin for the Santa Ana River in Orange County, CA; and groundwater from the Tomago Sand Beds, near ...
El Maarouf Abderrahman - - 2003
Developing chick retinotectal projections extend rostrally in the superficial stratum opticum of the tectum until they reach their appropriate target zone. They then penetrate, arborize, and form synapses within distinct tectal retinorecipient layers. In this study, we show that the polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule is expressed both on the ...
Salavagione Horacio J - - 2003
Polyaniline could be easily converted into nitrosated polyaniline by reaction with nitrite ion in acids. The product is soluble in common solvents and could be deposited into thin films. The nitrosated polyaniline could be back-converted into polyaniline by acid hydrolysis. On the basis of those properties, a simple chemical lithographic ...
Monin G - - 2003
The day after slaughter, six chops of Longissimus lumborum from each of 10 Large White pigs and six Piétrain pigs were packed individually under vacuum and kept at 3-4 °C in the dark. At 1, 5 and 9 days after slaughter, two chops were used for analysis of lipids, thiobarbituric acid ...
Morrison W H WH - - 2003
The chemistry of pure flax fibers, free of contaminating nonfiber components, has not been determined. Fibers from the center sections of the stem of seed and fiber flax (Linum usitatissium L.), which had been retted after soaking in water and removal of the epidermis by hand, underwent chemical and spectroscopic ...
Paleari Maria Antonietta - - 2003
An assessment was made of the proximate composition, pH and a(W) of raw beef, horsemeat and the meat of wild boar, deer and goat. The same assessment, together with one of fatty acids, cholesterol and free amino acids, was made of the same meats as cured products. The raw meat ...
Torkko Pirjo - - 2003
Cellular fatty acid analysis by GLC is widely used in the species identification of mycobacteria. Combining mycolic acid cleavage products with shorter cellular fatty acids increases the informative value of the analysis. A key has been created to aid in the identification of all currently known slowly growing environmental species. ...
Idowu S O - - 2003
Some physicochemical properties of the aromatic amino acid 4-amino-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid (ADBA) were determined. This provides, for the first time, quantitative data about this chemical of current pharmaceutical and biomedical interest. The analytical reagent grade of ADBA has 100% purity, determined by potentiometry. The ionization constant (pKa) is 4.00 +/- 0.04. ...
Dauphin Yannicke - - 2003
The calcitic prisms of the shells of two bivalves, Pinna and Pinctada, are considered simple prisms according to some morphological and mineralogical characteristics. Scanning electron microscopic and atomic force microscopic studies show that the microstructures and nanostructures of these two shells are different. Pinna prisms are monocrystalline, whereas Pinctada prisms ...
Wong Charles S - - 2003
This paper describes a novel analytical methodology using gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) to measure the 13C/12C ratios of chloroacetic acids (CAAs). CAAs are a major class of environmental pollutants that are widely distributed throughout the world, often at relatively high concentrations, and are of concern due to their ...
Ioset J-R - - 2003
Over the last 10 years, numerous cases of intoxications, leading for the most part to end-stage renal failure, have been reported after consumption of slimming regimens made of Chinese herbal preparations. These intoxications were associated with species of the Aristolochia genus, such as Aristolochia fangchi (Aristolochiaceae), known to contain very ...
Ponder Elizabeth L - - 2003
Thin layer chromatography (TLC) was used to analyze the amino acids in worm incubates isotonic and hypotonic to the intestinal habitat of adult Echinostoma caproni and to analyze the free pool amino acids of these trematodes after incubation. Qualitative analysis revealed the presence of histidine, lysine, alanine, and proline in ...
Coral-Hinostroza Gladis Nancy - - 2002
The composition of the fatty acids of astaxanthin esters and the distribution of astaxanthin optical RS isomers in the esterified and unesterified astaxanthin fractions extracted from the meal of the pelagic red crab langostilla (Pleuroncodes planipes; Decapoda, Anomura) were determined. Astaxanthin diesters comprised approximately 70%, monoesterified astaxanthin approximately 12%, and ...
Garcı́a-Fuentes Eduardo - - 2002
We have studied the effects of dipyridamole treatment on the fatty acid composition of the main lipid classes of chick serum bearing in mind the relationship between platelet aggregation and eicosanoids production from arachidonic acid. In the free fatty acids, percentages of MUFA and n-6 PUFA fell. The effects of ...
Boles Jeffrey O - - 2002
Until recently, the only selenium containing amino acid which could be used to completely substitute for a wild type amino acid was selenomethionine (SeMet). In the last decade the preparation of SeMet containing proteins has proved to be valuable tools in the determination of three-dimensional structure by multiwavelength anomalous diffraction ...
Jeevarajah Dharshini - - 2002
Glycopeptidolipids (GPLs) are a major component of the outer layers of the cell walls of several non-tuberculous mycobacteria. The Mycobacterium smegmatis GPLs consist of a diglycosylated lipopeptide core which is variably modified by acetylation and methylation. Analysis of a region of the M. smegmatis chromosome, upstream of the peptide synthetase ...
Nishihara Masateru - - 2002
A choline-containing phospholipid (PL-4) in Methanopyrus kandleri cells was identified as archaetidylcholine, which has been described by Sprott et al. (1997). The PL-4 consisted of a variety of molecular species differing in hydrocarbon composition. Most of the PL-4 was acid-labile because of its allyl ether bond. The identity of PL-4 ...
Kodaira Yuichi - - 2002
In a metabolic study of [1-(14)C]geranylgeranial involving rat thymocytes, the radioactivity was mainly incorporated into two metabolites, Z1 and Z2, the latter moving slower than the former on a silica-gel thin-layer plate. The time course of Z1 and Z2 formation superficially suggested a precursor-product relationship between Z1 and Z2. The ...
Singh D V - - 2002
A simple, precise and rapid high performance thin layer chromatographic method has been developed for the simultaneous quantitative determination of five oleane derivatives, namely, arjunic acid, arjunolic acid, arjungenin, arjunetin and arjunglucoside I from stem bark extract of Terminalia arjuna. The isolation and separation of these compounds was carried out ...
Bhattacharya Jyotirmoy - - 2002
Amino acid uptake and utilization of various nitrogen sources (amino acids, nitrite, nitrate and ammonia) were studied in Nostoc ANTH and i ts mu tant (Het(-)Nif(-)) isolate defective in heterocyst formation and N2-fixation. Both parent and its mutant grew at the expense of glutamine, asparagine and arginine as a source ...
Westine John G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To define the composition of tympanostomy tube plugs because selecting or developing effective solvents depends on such knowledge. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, in vitro laboratory study. METHODS: Luminal contents of 105 plugged, microscopically removed tympanostomy tubes were expressed, pooled, acid hydrolyzed, and passed through a high-performance liquid chromatography column. Retention ...
Wang Yong - - 2002
Smear layers are generally present on any dentin surface prepared with cutting instruments and are often the only available substrate for bonding. It is commonly reported that acid removes these layers, but to date there has been no chemical evidence to support this observation. Confocal Raman microspectroscopy was used to ...
Fabbri Daniele - - 2002
Pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) was applied to study the composition of organic constituents in air particulate matter (PM10) collected inside an industrial area. A few milligrams of sampling filters containing air particles were pyrolysed at 700 degrees C directly (conventional) or after the addition of a derivatising reagent (tetramethylammonium hydroxide, ...
Robles Valderrama E - - 2002
Shigella boydii, Shigella flexneri, Shigella dysenteriae and Shigella sonnei were identified using gas chromatography instead of the traditional techniques. Their acid methyl esters profiles were determined using a gas chromatograph Hewlett Packard 5890A and a RSL-150 heliflex capillary column. A total of 192 samples were analyzed both reference strains (ATCC ...
Shimoyama Akira - - 2002
The Yamato-791198 and Murchison carbonaceous chondrites were analyzed for dipeptides and diketopiperazines as well as amino acids and hydantoins by gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. Glycylglycine (gly-gly) and cyclo(gly-gly) were detected at the concentrations of 11 and 18 pmol g-1, respectively, in Yamato-791198, and 4 and 23 pmol g-1, ...
de Roo Guy - - 2002
A novel and efficient method for the production of enantiomericaly pure R-3-hydroxyalkanoic acids and R-3-hydroxyalkanoic acid methylesters was developed. The described method is based on hydrolysis of poly(hydroxyalkanoate) copolymers synthesized by Pseudomonas putida. The polymer was isolated via solvent recovery and hydrolyzed by acid methanolysis. The obtained 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid methylester ...
Badiani A - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine how and to what extent several culinary practices (i.e. household cooking methods), each applied to the beef muscle deemed most suitable (boiling to infraspinatus, broiling to longissimus lumborum, oven-roasting and microwaving to semitendinosus), could induce significant changes in: lipid and cholesterol contents, ...
Li Hua-Bin - - 2002
High-speed counter-current chromatography was applied to the isolation and purification of salvianolic acid B from the Chinese medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The crude salvianolic acid B was obtained by extraction with ethanol-water from S. miltiorrhiza Bunge. Preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography with a two-phase solvent system composed of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-ethanol-water ...
Chace Donald H - - 2002
This review is intended to serve as a practical guide for geneticists to current applications of tandem mass spectrometry to newborn screening. By making dried-blood spot analysis more sensitive, specific, reliable, and inclusive, tandem mass spectrometry has improved the newborn detection of inborn errors of metabolism. Its innate ability to ...
Lépine François - - 2002
A series of pseudomolecular and fragment ions attributed to 3-(3-hydroxyalkanoyloxy)alkanoic acids (HAAs) were detected by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry among the rhamnolipids observed in a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain 57RP supernatant. The fragmentation mechanism leading to the formation of the fragment ions was determined by a deuterium exchange experiment and by using ...
Ghosh M K - - 2002
AIMS: The present study describes the detection and quantification of the Sarocladium oryzae metabolites, helvolic acid and cerulenin in extracts of rice grains collected from plants infected with sheath rot. It also describes the phytotoxicity of these metabolites on rice seedlings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Helvolic acid and cerulenin in sheath ...
Sato D - - 2001
Fatty acids of Ophiuroidea (brittle star) Ophiura sarsi have been investigated by gas-liquid chromatography (GLC). About 2-13% of four unidentified fatty acids were found in total fatty acids from a sample caught at a depth of 1,100 m. Structural analyses were undertaken after partial hydrogenation of their concentrates with hydrazine ...
Colombini M P - - 2001
This paper describes a method for the synthesis of Copper Resinate, which disappeared from artists' palettes in the eighteenth century. This was carried out by interpreting ancient recipes following a scientific approach. Its characterisation using Fourier Transform-Infrared Spectrometry and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry demonstrated that it is a mixture containing copper ...
Simion G - - 2001
This research presents the results obtained from analysis by thin layer chromatography (TLC) of some free amino acids from sanguine plasma samples in the different degree progress in maladies: diabetes, renal syndrome and hepatic cirrhosis. The chromatograms were evaluated with a Shimadzu CS-9000 dual-wavelength flying-spot scanner. Better results were obtained ...
Krzek J - - 2001
A densitometric method was developed for the identification and determination of indomethacin and its degradation products, 4-chlorobenzoic acid and 5-methoxy-2-methyl-3-indoleacetic acid, in pharmaceuticals. To separate these compounds, silica gel-coated thin-layer chromatography plates and the following mobile phase were used: 2-propanol-25% ammonia-water (8 + 1 + 1, v/v). UV densitometric measurements ...
Peyron S - - 2001
Enzymatic treatments known to induce the gelation of feruloylated arabinoxylans solutions were applied to tissue strips isolated from peripheral layers of wheat grain to tentatively produce in situ arabinoxylan reticulation. The treatments by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and manganese dependent peroxidase (MnP) induced a dimerization of ferulic acid (FA) in wheat ...
Starke I - - 2001
The amino acid composition of L-lysine fermentation juices from potatoes and cane molasses from a green biorefinery has been determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. N-Methyl-N-tert(butyldimethylsilyl)tri-fluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA) was used as derivatization reagent to prepare the t-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives of the amino acids present in the juices. The amino acids in these derivatives ...
Sencer P - - 2001
It is commonly reported that acid etchants remove the smear layer, but to date, there has been no chemical evidence to support these observations. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular structure of acid-etched carbide- and diamond-bur-created smear layers. This project tested the null hypothesis that such ...
Guoqing L - - 2001
Observation of the oviposition behavior of cotton bollworm demonstrated the existence of substances that can act as oviposition deterrents. The scales, abdomens and tarsi of the moths, the most likely carrier, were extracted for the substances. An acetone extract exhibiting an oviposition deterrent effect was analyzed using gas chromatography and ...
Matorras R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the fatty acid phospholipid composition of the umbilical artery and the placenta in cases of fetal growth retardation (FGR) and of normal growth, as well as in symmetric and asymmetric FGR. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University hospital. POPULATION: Thirty-nine FGR cases (12 asymmetric, 27 symmetric) and 78 ...
Mongrand S - - 2001
The fatty acid composition of photosynthetic tissues from 137 species of gymnosperms belonging to 14 families was determined by gas chromatography. Statistical analysis clearly discriminated four groups. Ginkgoaceae, Cycadaceae, Stangeriaceae, Zamiaceae, Sciadopityaceae, Podocarpaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, Taxaceae, Ephedraceae and Welwitschiaceae are in the first group, while Cupressaceae and Araucariaceae are mainly in ...
LaPierre L M - - 2001
Cecropia is a relatively well-known and well-studied genus in the Neotropics. Methods for the successful propagation of C. obtusifolia Bertoloni, 1840 from cuttings and air layering are described, and the results of an experiment to test the effect of two auxins, naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and indole butyric acid (IBA), ...
Wu V C - - 2001
The thin agar layer (TAL) method of Kang and Fung was used to enumerate acid-injured foodborne pathogens. This method involves overlaying 14 ml of nonselective medium (tryptic soy agar [TSA]) onto a prepoured and solidified pathogen-specific, selective medium in a petri dish. After surface plating, injured cells resuscitated and grew ...
Sârbu C - - 2001
The lipophilic character of bile acids and their glyco- and tauro-conjugates was studied. The classical R(Mo) values were measured by means of reversed thin-layer chromatography using a mixture of methanol-water as the solvent system and compared with the factors scores obtained by principal component analysis based also onto the TLC-retention ...
Morrison W H WH - - 2001
Components from the bast region of flax (Linum usitatissium) were removed by hand from seed flax and fiber flax and analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Stems soaked in water were separated by hand into an outer layer, which consisted of epidermis with cuticle and parenchyma cells, and fiber ...
Parrish N M - - 2001
beta-Sulfonyl carboxamides have been proposed to serve as transition-state analogues of the beta-ketoacyl synthase reaction involved in fatty acid elongation. We tested the efficacy of N-octanesulfonylacetamide (OSA) as an inhibitor of fatty acid and mycolic acid biosynthesis in mycobacteria. Using the BACTEC radiometric growth system, we observed that OSA inhibits ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >