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Results 301 - 350 of 1135
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Grössl Michael - - 2005
The monosaccharide constituents of plant gums were separated by capillary electrophoresis at pH 12.1 and detected with indirect UV absorbance. The plant gums investigated were gum arabic, gum acacia, gum tragacanth, cherry gum and locust bean gum (carob gum). The monosaccharides obtained after hydrolysis with 2M trifluoroacetic acid and lyophilisation ...
Månsson Per E - - 2005
Linden (Tilia cordata) bark was shown to contain an antifeedant effective against the large pine weevil, Hylobius abietis. Soxhlet extraction of inner and outer bark resulted in an extract that showed antifeedant activity in a microfeeding assay. The extract was fractionated by chromatography on silica gel using gradient elution with ...
Serrano A - - 2005
Amino acid, fatty acid profile, cholesterol, vitamin E and mineral contents were assessed in restructured beef steak with 20% added walnut (20W). Compared with control restructured beef steak (0% added walnut), the product with added walnut presented a lower (P<0.05) lysine/arginine ratio, larger (P<0.05) quantities (mg/100 g product) of monounsaturated ...
Guichard Hugues - - 2005
Volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) are of major importance for flavor development in foodstuffs such as cheeses. Such compounds originate from the amino acid l-methionine, which can be degraded to methanethiol (MTL), a common precursor to a variety of other VSCs. A plate assay based on double-layer petri dishes containing 5,5'-dithio-bis-2-nitrobenzoic ...
Lawal O S - - 2005
Starch isolated from hybrid maize (8535-23) was subjected to oxidation and acid thinning. Proximate analyses revealed that moisture, ash, protein, fat, fibre, and pH reduced after oxidation and acid thinning. Percentage amylose content reduced from 20.42% in native starch to 18.76 and 17.65% in oxidised and acid thinned starch derivatives, ...
Menéndez Roberto - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Policosanol is a mixture of very-long-chain aliphatic alcohols purified from sugar cane wax with cholesterol-lowering effects, whose main component is octacosanol. Scarce data about the metabolism of octacosanol and the other fatty alcohols composing policosanol have been published. METHODS: Human fibroblasts were cultured in presence of (3)H-octacosanol during 0.5, ...
Bieri Marco - - 2005
Adsorption of the tripeptide L-glutathione (gamma-glu-cys-gly) on gold surfaces was investigated by polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) and attenuated total reflection (ATR) infrared spectroscopy. PM-IRRAS was used to study ex situ the adsorbate layer prepared from aqueous solutions at different pH, whereas ATR-IR was applied to study in ...
Azevedo Rodrigo Alves - - 2005
Anuran, such as Brazilian toad Bufo ictericus Spix, 1824, possess a calcified dermal layer called the Eberth-Katschenko (EK) layer located between the stratum spongiosum and the stratum compactum. It has been regarded as a protective barrier against desiccation or involved in storage and mobilization of calcium, or a barrier for ...
Sephton Mark A - - 2005
Compound-specific stable carbon isotope analysis by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry is an effective and risk-free means of investigating fatty acid metabolism. Straightforward analysis, however, leads to poor chromatographic resolution, while derivatization adds carbon thereby corrupting the starting stable isotopic composition. Hydropyrolysis is a new approach which defunctionalizes fatty acids ...
Czeczuga Bazyli - - 2005
Column (CC), thin-layer (TLC), high-performance liquid (HPLC) and ion-exchange chromatography (IEC), were used to investigate corotenoid and carotenoprotein complexes in Asellus aquaticus specimens from the Narew river. The following carotenoids were found: alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, diadinoxanthin, mutatoxanthin, crustaxanthin, echinenone, hydroxyechinenone, phoenicoxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin. Astaxanthin (37.5%), canthaxanthin (21.4%) ...
Kaźmierczak Dorota - - 2004
The iodine-azide reaction was employed to TLC detection of sulphur-containing derivatives of protein and some non-protein amino acids. The derivatization reaction with phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) took place directly on the plate before the developing step. Subsequently, the plates were sprayed with a mixture of sodium azide and starch solution in ...
Kulakovskaya Tatiana V - - 2004
An antifungal glycolipid was purified from the culture liquid of the ustilaginomycetous yeast Sympodiomycopsis paphiopedili by column and thin-layer chromatography. According to nuclear magnetic resonance and mass-spectroscopy experiments it was a cellobioside containing 2,15,16-trihydroxypalmitic acid as an aglycon. The minimal effective concentrations leading to ATP leakage and growth inhibition were ...
Parschau Manfred - - 2004
We report the induction of homochirality in enantiomorphous layers of achiral succinic acid on a Cu(110) surface after doping with tartaric acid (TA) enantiomers. Succinic acid becomes chiral upon adsorption due to symmetry-breaking interactions with the Cu(110) surface. The doubly deprotonated bisuccinate forms mirror domains on the surface, which leads ...
Slininger P J - - 2004
Enterobacter cloacae S11: T:07 (NRRL B-21050) is a promising biological control agent that has significantly reduced both fungal dry rot disease and sprouting in laboratory and pilot potato storages. The metabolites phenylacetic acid (PAA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and tyrosol (TSL) were isolated from S11:T:07 liquid cultures provided with three different ...
Beaugrand Johnny - - 2004
The external layers of wheat grain were investigated during maturation with respect to chemical and structural features and xylanase degradability. Cytochemical changes were observed in the isolated peripheral tissues of the wheat grain at four defined stages following anthesis. Marked chemical changes were highlighted at 11 days after anthesis, for ...
Fisseha R - - 2004
Organic acids in the gas and aerosol phase from photooxidation of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene in the presence of 300 ppb propene and 300 ppb NOx in smog chamber experiments were determined using a wet effluent diffusion denuder/aerosol collector coupled to ion chromatography (IC) with conductivity detection. Behind the IC, the samples were ...
López-Villalobos Arturo - - 2004
Cultures of inflorescence and plumular tissues of coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) were maintained in the presence of the auxin, [14C]2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), so that its metabolic fate could be studied. Thin layer chromatography of methanol extracts of the plumular tissue showed that four classes of metabolites, as well as ...
Berenstein Igal - - 2004
Turing patterns in the chlorine dioxide-iodine-malonic acid reaction are studied in a system consisting of two coupled gel layers. Patterns with two wavelengths are observed. Changing the strength of the interlayer coupling causes a transition between a superposition of Turing patterns and a superlattice pattern. The effects of the reactant ...
Murch S J - - 2004
We tested the brain tissues of the Chamorro people of Guam who died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism dimentia complex (ALS/PDC) for the neurotoxin beta-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA). We used validated high-pressure liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses to test well-characterized archival tissues of the superior frontal gyrus from eight Chamorros from ...
Krishnan Samyuktha - - 2004
Phenanthrene is degraded via either o-phthalic acid or 1, 2-dihydroxynaphthalene in bacteria. A soil isolate Pseudomonas sp. strain PP2 degrades phenanthrene as the sole source of carbon, but failed to utilize naphthalene [Prabhu and Phale (2003) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 61:342-351]. Analysis of the phenanthrene-grown culture spent media of this strain ...
Petrón M J - - 2004
Thirty hams were allotted into four groups according to fattening diet ("Montanera" - acorns and pasture; and "Pienso" - concentrated diet) and genotype of pigs (Iberian and Iberian×Duroc pigs). Total lipids, triacylglycerol composition and fatty acids from neutral lipids fraction were measured in biceps femoris muscle. Fattening diet largely affected ...
Azoury Myriam - - 2004
Two seizures of counterfeit 100 US dollar bills related to the same indicative number were submitted for processing of latent fingerprints. On one group of notes, identifiable fingerprints could be detected by the routine application of amino acid reagents. In the second case, this technique gave no results, even on ...
Deo Randhir P - - 2004
The oxidation and enhanced detection of traditionally 'non-electroactive' amino acids at a single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) surface and at a nickel hydroxide film electrochemically deposited and generated upon the SWNT layer is reported. Different CNT are compared, with Nafion-dispersed SWNT offering the most favorable layer for constant-potential amperometric detection. Factors ...
Koh U S - - 2004
In the present study, we investigated the ischaemia-related neurodegeneration in the main and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) after 5 min transient forebrain ischaemia in the Mongolian gerbil using the acid fuchsin staining method. Between 5 and 15 days after ischaemia, acid fuchsin positive cells markedly increased in the external plexiform ...
Tosi M R - - 2004
We report on the characterization of the lipid obtained from cortical and medullary normal human kidney tissue, benign renal neoplasms (oncocytoma) and 2 different types of malignant renal neoplasms (chromophobic cell carcinoma and clear cell carcinoma). The total lipid fractions were analyzed by 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy and thin-layer chromatography, ...
Sampels S - - 2004
The effect of hot smoking and drying on reindeer meat (M. semimembranosus) was investigated with regard to vitamin content, fatty acids (FA), lipid oxidation and lipolysis. In smoked and dried meat, free fatty acids were found to increase (P<0.001), whereas polar lipids, cholesterol and triacylglycerols decreased. Only slight changes in ...
Dobrzyń A - - 2004
AIM: The sphingomyelin signalling pathway operates in the heart muscle. There are no data on the effect of exercise on the functioning of this pathway in the myocardium and it was the aim of the present study to examine this question. METHODS: The experiments were carried out on male Wistar ...
Vidotto Valerio - - 2004
Melanin production is one of the most important criteria for rapid identification of Cryptococcus neoformans. Most of the media described in the literature for identifying C. neoformans are very complex; they contain many organic or inorganic compounds and are difficult to prepare and store. The new minimal synthetic caffeic acid ...
Zhou Yanxiu - - 2004
Rapid and specific recognition of methylphosphonic acid (MPA), the degradation product of nerve agents sarin, soman, VX, etc., was achieved with potentiometric measurements using a chemical sensor fabricated by a surface imprinting technique coupled with a nanoscale transducer, indium tin oxide (ITO). An octadecylsiloxane thin layer was covalently bound to ...
Salvatori G - - 2004
Various factors (weight, sex, diet and breed) influence meat lamb fatty acid composition. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the lipid profile in two different lamb types. Sixty crossbred lambs (Ile de France×Pagliarola and Gentile di Puglia×Sopravissana) were used to determine cholesterol, lipid content and fatty acid profile of ...
Ohta Y - - 2004
Three experiments were conducted to compare the growth and protein utilization of embryo between broilers and layers. In experiments 1 and 2, the average weight of eggs was the same for broilers and layers. Nothing or an amino acid (AA) solution was injected into the eggs of broilers at d ...
Imbs Andrey B - - 2004
In order to study the biomarker fatty acids of symbionts in the marine sponge Halichondria panicea, purification and structural identification of two new 2-methyl branched monoenoic very long fatty acids (2-Me-24:1 n-7 and 2-Me-26:1 n-9) were performed for the first time. These acids amounted to 7.1% of total sponge FAs, ...
Erdogan Ahmet - - 2004
Isolated and identified toxigenic and nontoxigenic Penicillium roqueforti (PR) strains from moldy tulum cheeses were inoculated into tulum cheeses made in the laboratory and ripened at 5 and 12 degrees C. Mycotoxin (patulin, penicillic acid, PR toxin, and roquefortine) formation in the control and mold-inoculated cheeses were detected by thin-layer ...
Ratnayake W M Nimal - - 2004
trans Isomers of naturally occurring cis-unsaturated fatty acids are produced when liquid vegetable oils or marine oils are partially hydrogenated to produce margarine, shortenings, and other hardened-fat products. Isomeric trans fatty acids are also formed in the intestinal tract of ruminants, and they appear in small amounts in dairy products ...
Swietlik J - - 2004
The effects of ozone and chlorine dioxide on the aquatic natural organic matter (NOM) were studied. The natural as well as oxidised organic matter in aerated and sand filtered water were fractionated using XAD, anion-exchange, and cation-exchange resins procedure into humic acid, hydrophobic acids and neutrals, and hydrophilic acids, bases ...
Maeda Kazuhisa - - 2004
Melanin is usually produced in melanocytes; however, our histologic research indicates that brownish black persistent pigmentation occurs at the basal layer and, partially, at the suprabasal layer of the epidermis, outside of melanocytes, in skin exposed to high doses of ultraviolet (UV) A radiation. This pigmentation remains for several weeks. ...
Rupcić J - - 2004
Candida lipolytica yeast was grown batchwise on glucose medium. Cerebrosides were isolated from the sphingolipid fraction of total lipids using column chromatography and separated into two compounds by high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Glucose was detected as the sole sugar constituent in cerebrosides. The fatty acid composition of cerebrosides was characterised by ...
Hwang S F - - 2004
The metabolite produced by Mycosphaerella pinodes, the causal agent of mycosphaerella blight on field peas, was detected by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and was analyzed for its chemical and pathogenic characteristics. One blue dot was detected using 254nm UV light on TLC plate, and a spray of rho-anisaldehyde (110 degrees ...
Kim Kyong-Su - - 2004
We investigated the usefulness of hydrocarbons and 2-alkylcyclobutanones as markers for irradiated, dried shrimps. A method was developed to detect the irradiation of dried shrimps (Penaeus aztecus) by identifying radiation-induced hydrocarbons and 2-alkylcyclobutanones extracted from dried shrimps, which were separated by Florisil column chromatography and identified by a method using ...
Danton Malcolm - - 2004
Harderoporphyrin (2-vinyl-4,6,7-tripropionic acid porphyrin) and its metabolites in faeces of patients with hereditary coproporphyria (HCP) have been separated and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-Q-TOFMS/MS). The metabolites identified were 2-ethyl-4,6,7-tripropionic acid porphyrin, 2-hydro-4,6,7-tripropionic acid porphyrin, 2-methoxyethyl-4,6,7-tripropionic acid porphyrin and 2-acetyl-4,6,7-tripropionic acid porphyrin. Isomers of ...
Sassi Juliano F - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess dentin/adhesive systems interface after dentin conditioning with Er:YAG laser. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four dentin half-disks were assigned to 3 groups: All Bond 2 (AB); Optibond Solo Plus (OP); and Clearfil Liner Bond 2V (CL), which were divided into three sub-groups, according to dentin surface ...
Quang N H - - 2004
Fallout 239+240Pu, 238Pu, 90Sr and 137Cs inventories in surface soils were measured for 20 locations in northern Vietnam yielding the mean values (+/- standard error) of 26.5+/-3.8 Bq m(-2) for 239+240Pu, 1048+/-143 Bq m(-2) for 137Cs and 212+/-28 Bq m(-2) for 90Sr. The concentrations of 137Cs and plutonium isotopes strongly ...
Quitain Armando T - - 2003
Hydrothermal treatment of an outer layer of a bark of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa) tree was investigated qualitatively for the possibility of utilizing residual forest biomass to produce valuable chemicals. Experiments were carried out in a semibatch reactor apparatus that allows the study of the effect of reaction temperatures in a ...
Janusz Agnieszka - - 2003
(E)-1-(2,3,6-Trimethylphenyl)buta-1,3-diene (TPB) was identified as a potent odorant in acid hydrolysates of crude glycoconjugate fractions isolated from grapes and grape vine leaves. TPB was also identified in a Semillon wine, using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, by co-injection with an authentic sample. TPB had an aroma detection threshold of 40 ng/L in ...
Jiang Jianzhun - - 2003
The extraction of inorganic acids such as HCl, HNO(3), H(2)SO(4), and HClO(4) has been investigated in three neutral phosphorus compound systems, i.e., tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP), di-isoamylmethyl phosphonate (DiAMP), and trialkylphosphine oxide (TRPO, C(6)-C(8)), using n-heptane as a diluent. The techniques of electrical conductivity, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, 1H NMR, ...
Di Xin - - 2003
Modern extraction and planar chromatographic instrumentation were employed for the fingerprint profiling of carbohydrates from an important and popular medicinal mushroom commonly known as Lingzhi. For the first time, the feasibility of employing the high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) peak profiles (fingerprints) of carbohydrates for the screening of various Lingzhi species/products ...
Meisen Iris - - 2003
A combined strategy of thin-layer chromatography immunostaining and negative ion nanoelectrospray low-energy CID mass spectrometry was established for the differentiation of isomeric alpha2-3 and alpha2-6 sialylated neolacto-series monosialogangliosides from human granulocytes. The gangliosides investigated differed in the ceramide moiety by substitution with C16:0 or C24:1 fatty acid and in their ...
Ortolani F - - 2003
Subdermal implant models are helpful in the study of calcification "in vivo" and for testing anticalcific treatments. After implantation of porcine aortic valve leaflets in rat subcutis, we previously found that glutaraldehyde-Cuprolinic blue reactions (GA-CB) at low pH induce favourable tissue unmasking from mineral deposits, and visualize peculiar, electrondense layers ...
Chung Kuang Ren - - 2003
Postbloom fruit drop (PFD) of citrus and Key lime anthracnose (KLA) are caused by Colletotrichum acutatum. Both fungal isolates can infect flower petals, induce young fruit abscission and result in severe yield loss on many citrus cultivars. Previous studies revealed that infection of citrus flowers by C. acutatum caused higher ...
Grechkin Alexander N - - 2003
Guava (Psidium guajava) hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) preparations were incubated with [1-(14)C](9Z,11E,13S,15Z)-13-hydroperoxy-9,11,15-octadecatrienoic acid for 1 min at 0 degrees C, followed by rapid extraction/trimethylsilylation. Analysis of the trimethylsilylated products by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and radio-high-performance liquid chromatography revealed a single predominant (14)C-labelled compound, identified by its (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet and ...
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