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Nanchen Annik - - 2007
Network topology is a necessary fundament to understand function and properties of microbial reaction networks. A valuable method for experimental elucidation of metabolic network topology is metabolic flux ratio analysis, which quantifies the relative contribution of two or more converging pathways to a given metabolite. It is based on 13C-labeling ...
Imanishi Susumu Y - - 2007
While immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) has been widely used for affinity purification of phosphopeptides, the technique suffers from insufficient specificity. Therefore, there is an urgent need for IMAC optimization to yield the selectivity and sensitivity that is required for more challenging analyses. Recently, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) and phosphoric acid ...
Choudhury R Paul - - 2007
Trifala is one of the most popular herbal formulations, marketed either as powder or a tablet and is used in all parts of India. It is an effective laxative, antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic agent, and is used to refresh the eyes. In order to understand the therapeutic uses of trifala, ...
Alahari Anuradha A Laboratoire de Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, Université de Montpellier II et I, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR 5235, Montpellier, - - 2007
Mycolic acids are a complex mixture of branched, long-chain fatty acids, representing key components of the highly hydrophobic mycobacterial cell wall. Pathogenic mycobacteria carry mycolic acid sub-types that contain cyclopropane rings. Double bonds at specific sites on mycolic acid precursors are modified by the action of cyclopropane mycolic acid synthases ...
Pernber Zarah - - 2007
In order to elucidate the biological role of sulfatide it is important to define the cellular and subcellular distribution of its various molecular species (e.g. fatty acid chain length and hydroxylation). We determined sulfatide species distribution in the rat cerebellum using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). TOF-SIMS detects ions ...
Okabe Satoshi - - 2007
Microbially induced concrete corrosion (MICC) in sewer systems has been a serious problem for a long time. A better understanding of the succession of microbial community members responsible for the production of sulfuric acid is essential for the efficient control of MICC. In this study, the succession of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria ...
Knochenmuss R - - 2006
Thin MALDI samples can perform differently than thicker samples, on metal substrates. Divergent results and models for the effect have been presented. Positive and negative yields are investigated here for three matrixes (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB), sinapinic acid, and alpha-cyano 4-hydroxycinnamic acid) on stainless steel and gold substrates. Samples were electrosprayed ...
Niimura Yukio - - 2006
Monosialosyl gangliosides and sulfoglycolipids in the gill of pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, have been prepared by solvent extraction and DEAE-Sephadex column chromatography. Acidic glycolipid bands (M1-M13) detected by thin layer chromatography were separated by Iatrobeads column chromatography and 13 components were characterized by TLC, compositional analysis, methylation analysis, chemical and ...
Tan It-Koon - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Recommended by the National Advisory Council of the Disabled, the Ministry of Health of Singapore supported a nationwide study of inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs). When the 5-year project ended, investigations were provided as a diagnostic service. This paper documents our 13-year experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with symptoms suggestive ...
Debierre-Grockiego Françoise - - 2006
Plasmodium falciparum malaria kills roughly 2.5 million people, mainly children, annually. Much of this mortality is thought to arise from the actions of a malarial toxin. This toxin, identified as glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI), is a major pathogenicity determinant in malaria. A malarial molecule, Pfj, labeled by [3H]glucosamine like the GPIs, was ...
Polidori P - - 2007
This study reports the results of the chemical analysis of the Longissimus thoracis and lumborum taken from 20 llama males, reared in the Andean highlands. The animals were slaughtered at 25 months and had a mean final body weight of 63kg. Llama meat shows a low fat (3.51%) and cholesterol ...
Niimura Yukio - - 2006
Monosialosyl gangliosides from the gills of the Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, have been prepared by solvent extraction and DEAE-Sephadex column chromatography. The unknown acidic glycolipids (M14 and M15) with slower mobility than GM1a on thin-layer chromatography were separated by Iatrobeads column chromatography and were characterized by compositional analysis, methylation analysis, ...
Lin Xiangqin - - 2007
A nano-composite of DNA/poly(p-aminobenzensulfonic acid) bi-layer modified glassy carbon electrode as a biosensor was fabricated by electro-deposition method. The DNA layer was electrochemically deposited on the top of electropolymerized layer of poly(p-aminobenzensulfonic acid) (Pp-ABSA). Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance spectrum were used for characterization. It demonstrated ...
Amao Yutaka - - 2007
Photovoltaic conversion using zinc chlorin-e6 (ZnChl-e6), which is zinc chlorophyll-a derivative, and fatty acid (myristic acid or cholic acid) co-adsorbed nanocrystalline TiO2 layer onto ITO glass (OTE) electrode is developed. The maximum peaks of photocurrent action spectrum of the ZnChl-e6 adsorbed TiO2 layer onto OTE (ZnChl-e6/TiO2) are 400, 660 and ...
Cadillo-Quiroz Hinsby - - 2006
Northern acidic peatlands are important sources of atmospheric methane, yet the methanogens in them are poorly characterized. We examined methanogenic activities and methanogen populations at different depths in two peatlands, McLean bog (MB) and Chicago bog (CB). Both have acidic (pH 3.5-4.5) peat soils, but the pH of the deeper ...
Pérez-Heredia Mercedes - - 2006
The goal of this study was to evaluate the cleaning ability of three acid irrigating solutions after hand and rotary instrumentation. Eighty human teeth were randomly divided in eight groups. Four groups were prepared with hand instrumentation and other four with ProTaper. The irrigating solutions were 15% citric acid plus ...
Autio K - - 2006
Normal white wheat flours and especially whole meal flour contain solids from the inner endosperm cell walls, from germ, aleurone layer and the outer layers of cereal grains. These solids can prevent either gluten formation or gas cell structure. The addition of small amounts of pericarp layers (1-2%) to wheat ...
Xie Xiaojun - - 2006
The iron-deficient culture supernatant of a soil bacterial strain identified as Erwinia sp. was analyzed using a new high-resolution polyamide thin layer chromatography (TLC) and a silica TLC. The results showed both TLC methods were very effective for separating simple catechol compounds such as 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) and catechol. However, ...
Benschop Joris J - - 2006
Rumex palustris (polygonceae) responds to complete submergence with enhanced elongation of its youngest petioles. This process requires the presence of gibberellin (GA) and is associated with an increase in the concentration of GA1 in elongating petioles. We have examined how GA biosynthesis was regulated in submerged plants. Therefore, cDNAs encoding ...
Males Zeljan - - 2006
The leaves and fruits of strawberry tree - Arbutus unedo L., collected from two separate geographic locations in Croatia were investigated to determine their flavonoid composition and content. Quercitrin, isoquercitrin, hyperoside and rutin were identified in all leaf samples by means of thin-layer chromatography; the fruits contained only isoquercitrin. Chlorogenic ...
Heigl N - - 2006
A method based on near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was developed for the rapid and non-destructive determination and quantification of solid and dissolved amino acids. The statistical results obtained after optimisation of measurement conditions were evaluated on the basis of statistical parameters, Q-value (quality of calibrations), R(2), standard error of estimation (SEE), ...
Summo Carmine - - 2006
To investigate the influence of vacuum-packaging on both the sensory properties and the degradation level of their lipid fraction, some ripened sausages (30 days) were further stored for 40 days under vacuum-packaging and compared to sausages kept unpackaged for the same period of time. The same kind of sausages was ...
Flyhammar P - - 2006
The objective of this study was to analyze the accumulated effects of leaching in two test roads were municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash and aggregate from a railway embankment, respectively, were used as subbase aggregates. Solid samples from the subbase and the subgrade were collected in trenches, which ...
Mederos L M - - 2006
'Mycobacterium habana' was proposed as a distinct species within the genus Mycobacterium; however, it is actually a synonym of Mycobacterium simiae and included in the serotype I of this species. The potential use of 'M. habana' as a vaccine in both leprosy and tuberculosis has led to the analysis of ...
Sommaruga Ruben - - 2006
Coral reef organisms living in mutualistic symbioses with phototrophic dinoflagellates are widespread in shallow UV-transparent waters. Maristentor dinoferus is a recently discovered species of marine benthic ciliate that hosts symbiotic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. In this study, we tested this ciliate for the occurrence of mycosporine-like amino acids, a ...
Kaneko Shu - - 2006
Aimed at defining the key drivers for the quality-determining umami taste of a high-grade powdered green tea, called mat-cha, a bioactivity-guided fractionation using solvent extraction, solvent precipitation, preparative chromatographic separations, and human psychophysical experiments was applied on freshly prepared mat-cha. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and one-/two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance studies ...
Huang K H - - 2006
The apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in 7 feed ingredients was determined using broilers, layers, and roosters. The ingredients included 3 cereals (wheat, sorghum, and corn), 3 oilseed meals (canola, cottonseed, and soybean meals), and 1 animal protein meal (meat and bone meal). Dietary protein in the assay diets ...
Terry Carla J - - 2006
Dual polarisation interferometry (DPI) has been used to characterise the formation of hybrid bilayer membranes (HBM) on a silicon-oxynitride surface. This technique allows the simultaneous determination of multiple physical properties of an HBM, as the HBM is being formed in a single experiment: mass, thickness in the z-direction (normal to ...
Asakai Toshiaki - - 2006
The drying conditions for primary standards of volumetric analysis have a significant effect on the titration results due to changes in the purity, stability and homogeneity. Amidosulfuric acid, a strong acid used as a reference material for volumetric analysis in Japan, was dried in a vacuum desiccator or heated at ...
Smith Heather R - - 2006
Sixty-five fatty acids were quantified in the blubber of common dolphins (Delphinus delphis, D. capensis) incidentally caught off the coast of southern California. Dolphins were grouped by sex, reproductive status and species, and a blubber sample was collected at a mid-lateral site located caudal to the trailing edge of the ...
Sato Momoka - - 2006
We compared heat production (HP) and lipid metabolism in broiler and layer chickens (Gallus gallus) during embryonic development. To investigate HP and respiratory quotient (RQ), oxygen (O2) consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) production were measured using an open-circuit calorimeter system. HP consistently had a tendency (P = 0.06) to be ...
Erzinger Gilmar Sidney - - 2006
The conversion of glucose and fructose into gluconic acid (GA) and sorbitol (SOR) was conducted in a batch reactor with free (CTAB-treated or not) or immobilized cells of Zymomonas mobilis. High yields (more than 90%) of gluconic acid and sorbitol were attained at initial substrate concentration of 600 g/L (glucose ...
Mazur-Marzec Hanna - - 2006
Nodularin is a potent hepatotoxic cyclic pentapeptide produced by planktonic cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena. Bloom and culture samples of the cyanobacterium collected and isolated from the Gulf of GdaƄsk, southern Baltic Sea, were analyzed. Hybrid quadrupole-time-of-flight liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (TOF-LC/MS/MS) with ionspray (ISP) and collision-induced dissociation (CID) were used to ...
Moradali Mohammad-Fata - - 2006
In this study we searched for antibacterial compounds in methanol extracts of three layers (tube layer, context and cutis) of Ganoderma applanatum fruit body against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6051 as a gram-positive bacterium and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae DPIC 219 as gram-negative bacteria. We found ...
Kontro Merja - - 2006
To calculate selected ion monitoring (SIM) gas-liquid chromatography (GLC)-mass spectrometry (MS) results of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) from environmental samples, coefficients were calculated for each fatty acid by dividing the sum of ion intensities in SCAN with that of ions followed in SIM. The SIM chromatogram areas were multiplied with ...
Tung H C - - 2005
Methane trapped in the 3,053-m-deep Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core provides an important record of millennial-scale climate change over the last 110,000 yr. However, at several depths in the lowest 90 m of the ice core, the methane concentration is up to an order of magnitude higher than ...
Baddeley Thomas C - - 2005
The structure of the title acid as the monohydrate, C14H18O11.H2O, displays hydrogen bonding which connects the molecules in layers parallel to (101). In the anhydrous glucopyranose, C14H20O10, only chain connectivity is attained but, due to disorder of the OH group, only partially and in two modes, one less favoured than ...
Kumagai Yutaro - - 2005
Corynebacterium glutamicum belongs to the mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes, which also include Mycobacterium, Nocardia, and Rhodococcus. The cells of this group possess a cell wall with a thick outer layer composed primarily of mycolic acid, which functions as a permeability barrier. To investigate the mechanism of mycolic acid-containing layer (mycolate layer) ...
Sajewicz M - - 2005
The usefulness of thin-layer chromatography (TLC) as an efficient measuring technique in the studies of oscillatory trans-enantiomerization of profens from the S to the R configuration (and vice versa) during their storage as 70% ethanol solutions is demonstrated in the literature. S-(+)-ibuprofen, S-(+)-naproxen, and S,R-(+/-)-2-phenylpropionic acid are utilized as the ...
Chow Hak-Fun - - 2005
A library of G1-G3 alpha-amino acid based layer-block dendrons 1-6 containing different amino acid residues in the different concentric layers was prepared by solution-phase peptide synthesis. The structures of these dendrons were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and, except for the G3 series of compounds, by mass spectrometry. ...
Khan Samiullah - - 2005
The mobility rate of some cyclic and aliphatic amino acids in terms of Rf values by using soil-thin layer chromatography shows the following order: glutamic acid > histidine > valine > leucine > serine > alanine. After conducting the studies to determine the effect of some anions, viz. MoO4(2-), B4O7(2-), ...
Fujita Yukiko - - 2005
Cord factor (trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate, TDM) is an unique glycolipid with a trehalose and two molecules of mycolic acids in the mycobacterial cell envelope. Since TDM consists of two molecules of very long branched-chain 3-hydroxy fatty acids, the molecular mass ranges widely and in a complex manner. To characterize the molecular ...
Cakar Mira - - 2005
Simple and reliable thin-layer chromatography-densitometry methods for determination of antimycotics (bifonazole, clotrimazole, and miconazole) and preservatives (benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid) were developed. The pairs bifonazole/benzyl alcohol, clotrimazole/benzyl alcohol, and miconazole/benzoic acid were determined simultaneously. The following mobile phases were used: ethyl acetate-n-heptane-methanoldiethylamine (3 + 4.5 + 1 + 0.2, ...
Niescher Susanne - - 2006
Rhodococcus opacus 1CP, a potent degrader of (chloro-) aromatic compounds was found to utilise C10-C16 n-alkanes as sole carbon sources. Highest conversion rates were observed with n-tetradecane and n-hexadecane, whereas the utilisation of n-dodecane and n-decane was considerably slower. Thin-layer chromatography of organic extracts of n-alkane-grown 1CP cultures indicated the ...
Kumaraswamy Guruswamy - - 2005
The formation of talc-like compounds by the condensation of organotrialkoxy silanes with magnesium hydroxide has been recently reported. These represent layered hybrid nanomaterials that have a layer thickness of around 1 nm, have organic moieties covalently linked to the layer surfaces, and are called "organoclays." We show that such compounds ...
Kremer Laurent - - 2005
Systematic thin layer chromatographic (TLC) analysis of apolar lipids in Mycobacterium kansasii revealed the presence of a previously uncharacterized novel component. The product was ubiquitously found in a panel of M. kansasii clinical isolates, as well as other pathogenic and non-pathogenic mycobacterial species. TLC analysis of [(14)C]-acetate- or [(14)C]-glycerol-labelled M. ...
Yang Hongju - - 2005
Lipolysis in intramuscular lipids during the processing of Chinese Xuanwei ham has been studied by analyzing the changes of glycerides, phospholipids and free fatty acids in biceps femoris muscle. Results showed that the glycerides accounted for 73.2% of total lipid content in fresh ham, the phospholipids represented 25.3% and the ...
Knapp P - - 2005
Ceramides, sphingosine, sphinganine, as well as Zn (++)-dependent and Zn (++)-independent acid sphingomyelinase are present in the plasma of adults. The aim of the present study was to examine the concentrations of these compounds and activities of both enzymes in the umbilical cord blood in humans. Twenty-two women with uncomplicated ...
Kulakovskaya Tatiana V - - 2005
Eight strains of Pseudozyma fusiformata were examined for antifungal activity. All of them had the same spectrum of action and were active against many species of yeasts, yeast-like and filamentous fungi. They secreted glycolipids, which were purified from the culture liquid by column and thin-layer chromatography. According to nuclear magnetic ...
Meyer Sybille G E - - 2005
In order to find out whether there is a phospholipase A2 (PLA2)-mediated link between glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids, L929 cells were labeled with 1n-palmitoyl-2n-[1-14C]palmitoyl phosphatidylcholine for 16-18 h or 90 min. After labeling for 16-18 h, 14C-sphingomyelin (SM), 14C-ceramide and 14C-sphingosine were demonstrated on autoradiograms of thin layer chromatograms of untreated ...
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