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Frisardi Vincenza - - 2011
An increasing body of evidence suggested that intracellular lipid metabolism is dramatically perturbed in various cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases with genetic and lifestyle components (e.g., dietary factors). Therefore, a lipidomic approach was also developed to suggest possible mechanisms underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neural membranes contain several classes of glycerophospholipids (GPs), ...
Abeywardena Mahinda Y - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in many economically developed nations, and its incidence is increasing at a rapid rate in emerging economies. Diet and lifestyle issues are closely associated with a myriad of cardiovascular disease risk factors including abnormal plasma lipids, hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes and obesity, ...
Zhang Jun - - 2011
Increased cholesterol efflux from macrophage-derived foam cells (MDFCs) is an important protective mechanism to decrease lipid load in the atherosclerotic plaque. Dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), decreases circulating cholesterol, but its role in cholesterol efflux has not been extensively studied. Stearoyl CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) ...
Snyder Randal J - - 2011
In this study, we examine changes in fatty acid composition of polar and neutral lipids in gill, liver, and muscle of freshwater alewives (Alosa pseudoharengus) after temperature challenges in the laboratory. Alewives experienced either a warm or cold challenge in which temperatures were raised or lowered 0.5°C day(-1) over 4-6 weeks. In ...
Hapala Ivan - - 2011
LDs (lipid droplets) have long been considered as inert particles used by the cells to store fatty acids and sterols as esterified non-toxic lipid species (i.e. triacylglycerols and steryl esters). However, accumulating evidence suggests that LDs behave as a dynamic compartment, which is involved in the regulation of several aspects ...
Endo Michiko - - 2011
Using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index, we investigated the link between insulin resistance and lifestyle in Japanese female university students. We used data for 57 Japanese female university students (21.0±0.8 years) who were enrolled in a cross-sectional investigation study. We performed full blood examinations, and anthropometric parameters, nutrient oral ...
Tvrzicka Eva - - 2011
Background. Fatty acids are substantial components of lipids and cell membranes in the form of phospholipids. This review consists of two parts. The present part aims at describing fatty acid classification, dietary sources and biological functions. The second part will focus on fatty acid physiological roles and applications in human ...
Groen Daniël - - 2011
The lipids in the uppermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum (SC), play an important role in the barrier function. The main lipid classes in stratum corneum are ceramides, cholesterol, and free fatty acids. In previous publications, a lipid model was presented, referred to as the stratum corneum substitute ...
Boëchat Iola G - - 2011
We investigated whether the lipid composition (fatty acids and sterols) of benthic microbial mats, which represent an important basal food resource for stream food webs, differs between tropical streams located in protected pristine and agricultural Cerrado savannah areas. Total microbial biomass and lipid composition differed significantly between pristine and agricultural ...
Du Zhen-Yu - - 2011
Elaidic acid (trans-9-C(18:1) or trans-9) is assumed to exert atherogenic effects due to its double bond configuration. The possibility that trans-9 and vaccenic acid (trans-11-C(18:1) or trans-11), its positional isomer, were biochemically equivalent and interchangeable compounds, was investigated by reference to their cis-isomers through esterification-related activities using rat liver cells ...
Kimura Rino - - 2011
Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α which regulates lipid metabolism in peripheral tissues such as the liver and skeletal muscle, decreases circulating lipid levels, thus improving hyperlipidemia under fasting conditions. Recently, postprandial serum lipid levels have been found to correlate more closely to cardiovascular diseases than fasting levels, although fasting ...
Pezeshkian Masood - - 2011
Abstract Background: We have shown that the fatty acid profile of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) in patients with obstructed coronary vessels is different from that of the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). The diversity and amount of fatty acids in the adipose tissue can be affected by the component of the ...
Paliwal Rishi - - 2011
Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is anionic oligosaccharide macromolecule, which is commonly administered via parenteral routes for the treatment of vascular disorders like deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Oral heparin delivery can tremendously improve the treatment of such disorders; but is restricted due to its large size ...
Matsunaga Naoki - - 2011
The interaction between lecithin liposomes and acid clay was investigated to clarify the mechanism for liposome adsorption to the clay. It was found that the multilamellar vesicular structure of the liposomes was broken as a result of primary adsorption. The acid clay particles aggregated and were eventually covered by the ...
Zhang Xiao-Xiang - - 2012
Cationic lipids are the most common non-viral vectors used in gene delivery with a few currently being investigated in clinical trials. However, like most other synthetic vectors, these vectors suffer from low transfection efficiencies. Among the various approaches to address this challenge, functional lipids (i.e., lipids responding to a stimuli) ...
Intorre Federica - - 2011
The present study investigated the effect of the consumption of two cheese varieties differing for fat quality on blood lipid profile and redox status biomarkers in 30 selected healthy volunteers, consuming either the experimental cheese (from milk produced by cows fed a grass and maize silage based diet with 5% ...
Dávalos Alberto A Department of Medicine and Cell Biology, Leon H Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2011
Cellular imbalances of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism result in pathological processes, including atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Recent work from our group and others has shown that the intronic microRNAs hsa-miR-33a and hsa-miR-33b are located within the sterol regulatory element-binding protein-2 and -1 genes, respectively, and regulate cholesterol homeostasis in ...
Averina E S - - 2011
At the turn of the millennium, a new generation of lipid nanoparticles for pharmacology was developed, nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). The features of NLC structure which allow the inclusion of natural biologically active lipids in the NLC matrix open a wide prospect for the creation of high performance drug carriers. ...
Kim Young-Hoo - - 2011
Lipids from algal biomass were extracted using mixtures of ionic liquids (ILs) and methanol, and fatty acid profiles of the extracted lipids were characterized in this work. Mixtures of ILs and methanol successfully dissolved biomass leaving lipids insoluble. The total contents of lipids extracted from commercial and cultivated Chlorella vulgaris ...
Kwok Yan - - 2011
The structural analysis of post-translational modifications (PTMs) of lipoproteins is difficult due to the hydrophobic properties of their fatty acid moieties. At the present time, the relative positions of fatty acid components on the N-acyl-S-diacylglycerylcysteine core structure has not been specifically identified in any natural or bacterial expressed recombinant lipoproteins. ...
Sartika R A D - - 2011
In experiencing epidemiologic transition, Indonesia faces emerging nutrition problems. Among the dietary lifestyle changes over the years is the rising consumption of fats and oils, including trans fatty acids. Intake of these fatty acids from ruminant meats, hydrogenated vegetable oils and fried foods is known to have detrimental effects on ...
Yoshida Hiromi - - 2011
The lipids extracted from rice brans were classified by thin-layer chromatography into eight fractions, and their fatty acid (FA) compositions were investigated among five different Japanese cultivars. The lipids of these rice brans comprised mainly triacylglycerols (TAG; 84.9-86.0 wt%), free FA (4.2-4.6 wt%), and phospholipids (PL; 6.5-6.7 wt%), whilst other ...
Morinaga Naoya - - 2011
We recently reported the characterization of novel cholesterol esterase (EC. 3.1.1.13) from Trichoderma sp. and preliminary work on sterol ester synthesis. In the present study, we further examined the enzyme ability to synthesize cholesterol esters from cholesterol and free fatty acids of various chain lengths, and compared the fatty acid ...
Charach Gideon - - 2011
Background: Excess cholesterol is usually eliminated from the body by conversion to bile acids excreted in feces as bile salts. The excretion of large amounts of bile protects against atherosclerosis, while diminished excretion may lead to coronary artery disease (CAD).Objective: To investigate a relationship between CAD and bile acid excretion.Methods: ...
Furuyashiki Takashi - - 2011
We developed a new process for enzymatically synthesized glycogen (ESG), which is equivalent in physicochemical properties to natural-source glycogen (NSG) except its resistant property to degradation by α-amylase in vitro. In this study the metabolic fates of orally administered ESG in rats were investigated by a single oral administration test ...
Novak Elizabeth M - - 2011
Understanding the importance of dietary fat has grown beyond energy metabolism to recognition of the complex roles of fatty acids, particularly the ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids in membrane lipids, inter- and intracellular communication and in regulating gene expression. The ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids accumulated in developing tissues depend ...
Chen Xiaofang - - 2011
Trichostatin A (TSA) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) were reported in our recent publication as novel human high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor CD36 and Lysosomal integral membrane protein-II Analogous-1 (CLA-1) up-regulators. As part of a broader effort to more fully explore the structure-activity relationships (SAR) of CLA-1 up-regulators, we synthesized ...
Kaur Jaspreet - - 2011
Fatty acyl-CoA synthetase (fatty acid: CoA ligase, AMP-forming; (EC 6.2.1.3)) catalyzes the formation of fatty acyl-CoA by a two-step process that proceeds through the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate. Fatty acyl-CoA represents bioactive compounds that are involved in protein transport, enzyme activation, protein acylation, cell signaling, and transcriptional control in addition to ...
Ngamukote Sathaporn - - 2011
The major polyphenols in grape seed have been shown to have beneficial health effects in the prevention of dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases. In this present study, we investigated the cholesterol-lowering activity of three major polyphenolic compounds found in grape seed. The results showed that gallic acid, catechin, and epicatechin significantly ...
Silroy Sumita - - 2011
The objective of the work was to produce capric acid rich structured lipids starting from various Indian indigenous vegetable oils, such as rice bran, ground nut and mustard oils. Acidolysis reaction between individual vegetable oils and capric acid in one is to three molar ratios at 45 degree centigrade temperature ...
Salimon Jumat - - 2011
A study was conveyed to produce estolide ester using ricinoleic acid as the backbone. The ricinoleic acid reacted with saturated fatty acid from C8-C18. These reactions were conducted under vacuum at 60°C for 24 h without solvent. The reaction used acid catalyst, sulphuric acid. The new saturate ricinoleic estolide esters show ...
Takahashi Haruya - - 2011
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) regulates lipid metabolism. We have reported that tomato fruit contains 9-Oxo-(10E,12E)-octadecadienoic acid (9-Oxo-(10E,12E)-ODA), a PPARα agonist. In this study, we found that various tomato samples contained 9-Oxo-(10E,12Z)-ODA and its 13-Oxo-ODA isomers. Furthermore, several isomers showed structural stability under hot and acidic conditions.
Parisi Michael - - 2011
D. melanogaster is increasingly used as a lipid metabolism model, but the D. melanogaster metabolome is not well studied. A number of studies strongly suggest that lipid metabolism is linked to sexual behavior and gametogenesis. We determined the levels of 400 different lipids in the non-gonadal soma of D. melanogaster ...
Ajjawi Imad - - 2011
A comprehensive understanding of the lipid and fatty acid metabolic machinery is needed for optimizing production of oils and fatty acids for fuel, industrial feedstocks and nutritional improvement in plants. T-DNA mutants in the poorly annotated Arabidopsis thaliana gene At1g08640 were identified as containing moderately high levels (50-100%) of 16∶1Δ7 ...
Kaddurah-Daouk Rima - - 2011
Although statins are widely prescribed medications, there remains considerable variability in therapeutic response. Genetics can explain only part of this variability. Metabolomics is a global biochemical approach that provides powerful tools for mapping pathways implicated in disease and in response to treatment. Metabolomics captures net interactions between genome, microbiome and ...
Lee Diana M - - 2011
The first goal of this study was to measure the oxidative stress (OS) and relate it to lipoprotein variables in 35 renal patients before dialysis (CKD), 37 on hemodialysis (HD) and 63 healthy subjects. The method for OS was based on the ratio of cholesteryl esters (CE) containing C18/C16 fatty ...
Svensson Julia - - 2011
Postprandial lipaemia varies with gender and the composition of dietary fat due to the partitioning of fatty acids between beta-oxidation and incorporation into triacylglycerols (TAGs). Increasing evidence highlights the importance of postprandial measurements to evaluate atherogenic risk. Postprandial effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in women are poorly characterized. We therefore ...
Degen Christian - - 2011
To date, the influence of milk and dairy products on carcinogenesis remains controversial. However, lipids of ruminant origin such as conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are known to exhibit beneficial effects in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of milk lipids of ...
van Ginneken Vincent J T - - 2011
In this study the efficacy of using marine macroalgae as a source for polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are associated with the prevention of inflammation, cardiovascular diseases and mental disorders, was investigated. The fatty acid (FA) composition in lipids from seven sea weed species from the North Sea (Ulva lactuca, Chondrus ...
Kaemmerer Elke - - 2010
Free fatty acids are essential dietary components and recognized as important molecules in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. In the last decade, the molecular pathways for free fatty acid sensing in the gastrointestinal tract have been further elucidated by molecular identification and functional characterization of fatty acid binding receptors. These ...
Klepper Karina Barnholt - - 2010
Thin films of organic-inorganic hybrid materials have been grown by the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, using trimethylaluminium (TMA) and aromatic carboxylic acids such as 1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acid, 1,3-benzene dicarboxylic acid, 1,4-benzene dicarboxylic acid, 1,3,5-benzene tricarboxylic acid, 1,2,4,5-benzene tetracarboxylic acid as precursors. Growth rates as function of temperature show that ...
Hendrich Suzanne - - 2010
Recent human clinical trials of the effects of (n-3) fatty acids on participants with type 2 diabetes (T2D) were reviewed, focusing on 11 clinical trials conducted within the past 4 y, and subsequent to a Cochrane Database meta-analysis of this topic. Doses of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) ...
Dündar M - - 2011
Hybrid-layer degradation occurs because of acidic properties of currently used adhesive systems. Titanium tetrafluoride couples with tooth surface, and titanium compounds are not substituted. Caffeic acid phenethyl esther inhibits endogenous matrix metalloproteinases that cause hybrid-layer degradation. It was hypothesized that titanium tetrafluoride and caffeic acid phenethyl esther application on exposed ...
Wu Zeming - - 2010
Systematic studies were performed on the biological perturbations in metabolic phenotype responding to protein-energy malnutrition through global metabolic profiling analysis, in combination with pattern recognition. The malnutrition rat model was established through five weeks of strict diet restriction, and the metabonome data obtained from gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid ...
Kondo Kenta - - 2010
Hollow nanocapsules composed of a poly(lactic acid)s (PLAs) stereocomplex can be fabricated by a combination of the layer-by-layer assembly technique and the silica template method. These hollow capsules one-dimensionally fuse together to generate novel PLA nanotubes. The formation of nanotubes was affected by the molecular weights of PLAs constituting the ...
Cursino Ana Cristina Trindade - - 2010
Layered zinc hydroxide nitrate (ZHN) was synthesized and nitrate ions were topotactically exchanged with three different anionic species of commercial organic ultraviolet (UV) ray absorbers: 2-mercaptobenzoic acid, 2-aminobenzoic acid, and 4-aminobenzoic acid. The exchange reactions were confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) ...
Romanowicz Lech - - 2010
Preeclampsia is the most common pregnancy-associated pathological syndrome. It is accompanied by the accumulation of free fatty acids, acylglycerols and cholesterol esters in the umbilical cord vein (UCV). We evaluate the sphingolipid composition of UCV and its alteration in preeclampsia. The veins were taken from 10 newborns delivered by healthy ...
Wei Yun - - 2010
Preparative high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) was successfully used for isolation and purification of caffeic acid from Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng with a solvent system composed of ethyl acetate-methanol-water at a volume ratio of 10:1:10, v/v. Using a preparative unit of the HSCCC centrifuge, about a 938 mg amount of the crude ...
Hirota Ryuichi - - 2010
Silicon (Si) is considered to be a "quasiessential" element for most living organisms. However, silicate uptake in bacteria and its physiological functions have remained obscure. We observed that Si is deposited in a spore coat layer of nanometer-sized particles in Bacillus cereus and that the Si layer enhances acid resistance. ...
Yoshida Hiromi - - 2010
Regiospecific distributions of fatty acids (FA) of triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL) isolated from five cultivars of adzuki beans (Vigna angularis) were investigated. The lipids comprised mainly PL (72.2-73.4 wt-%) and TAG (20.6-21.9 wt-%), whilst other components were detected in minor proportions (0.1-3.4 wt-%). The principal profiles of the FA ...
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