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Robbins Katherine S - - 2011
Uncharacteristic of most whole foods, the major component of tree nuts is lipid; surprisingly, information on the lipid constituents in tree nuts has been sporadic and, for the most part, not well reported. Most published articles focus on only one nut type or, those that report a cultivar, lack a ...
Davidson Michael H - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have been attributed with several health benefits, including triglyceride lowering and cardiovascular disease risk reduction. This review focuses on new prescription omega-3 fatty acid products in development and recently published data regarding omega-3 fatty acid effects on arrhythmias, heart failure, and ...
Wei Melissa Y - - 2011
Omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been shown to reduce triglycerides but also increase low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Whether EPA or DHA given as monotherapy has differential effects on serum lipoproteins has not been systematically evaluated. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled ...
Kar Subrata - - 2011
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in fish oil and they have been shown to mitigate the risk of cardiovascular disease. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids because they cannot be synthesized de novo and must be consumed from dietary sources such as marine fish. It reduces fatal and ...
Wakimoto Toshiyuki - - 2011
A lipid extract of Perna canaliculus (New Zealand green-lipped mussel) has reportedly displayed anti-inflammatory effects in animal models and in human controlled studies. However, the anti-inflammatory lipid components have not been investigated in detail due to the instability of the lipid extract, which has made the identification of the distinct ...
Lu Yingchang - - 2011
Elevated circulating triglycerides, which are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, can be targeted by treatment with fenofibrate or fish oil. To gain insight into underlying mechanisms, we carried out a comparative transcriptomics and metabolomics analysis of the effect of 2 week treatment with fenofibrate and fish oil in ...
Park Sin-Hye - - 2011
Foam cell formation is the hallmark of early atherosclerosis. Lipid uptake by scavenger receptors (SR) in macrophages initiates chronic proinflammatory cascades linked to atherosclerosis. It has been reported that the upregulation of cholesterol efflux may be protective in the development of atherosclerosis. Ellagic acid, a polyphenolic compound mostly found in ...
Teerawanichpan Prapapan - - 2011
The marine copepod Calanus finmarchicus constitutes the substantial amount of biomass in the Arctic and Northern seas. It is unique in that this small crustacean accumulates a high level of wax esters as carbon storage which is mainly comprised of 20:1n-9 and 22:1n-11 alcohols (Alc) linked with various kinds of ...
Wei An-Hua - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the antioxidant and hypolipidaemic activities of an ethanol extract of Lethariella cladonioides (Nyl.) Krog (EE) and to characterise its chemical constituents. RESULTS: Nine phenols were identified as canarione, thamnolic acid, squamatic acid, vermicularin, norstictic acid, baeomycesis acid, lecanoric acid, barbatinic acid and usnic acid ...
Kumadaki Shin - - 2011
F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7α (Fbw7α) is the substrate recognition component of a ubiquitin ligase that controls the degradation of factors involved in cellular growth, including c-Myc, cyclin E, and c-Jun. In addition, Fbw7α degrades the nuclear form of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1a, a global regulator of lipid ...
Xiang Xiaoqiang - - 2011
  Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) is the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid production in human beings, and organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) may influence bile acid hepatic uptake and cholesterol and bile acid synthesis rate. Our purpose was to investigate the effects of gender and CYP7A1 and SLCO1B1 polymorphisms on ...
Yang Nian-Yun - - 2011
Chemical investigation of Semen Persicae has led to the isolation of decane (1), triolein (2), nonacosanoic acid (3), oleic acid ethyl ester (4), palmitic acid (5), oleic acid (6) and 15,16-dihydroxy-9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic acid 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester (7). Amongst these, compound 7 is a new lipid. Their structures were elucidated by chemical and ...
Prada Fausto - - 2011
A series of physical and chemical changes occur as oil palm fruits ripen in the bunch. We evaluated changes in lipid content in the mesocarp and fruits, and the chemical composition of fatty acids (FA), triacylglycerol (TAG), tocols, and carotenes of the lipids extracted from fruits of three commercial tenera ...
Angrish Michelle M - - 2011
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-ρ-dioxin (TCDD) induces hepatic dyslipidemia mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (Scd1) performs the rate-limiting step in monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) synthesis, desaturating 16:0 and 18:0 into 16:1n7 and 18:1n9, respectively. To further examine the role of Scd1 in TCDD-induced hepatotoxicity, comparative studies were performed in ...
Zuniga Jose - - 2011
Fatty oleic acid (OA) and, recently, its derivative 2-hydroxyoleic acid (2OHOA) have been reported to display an important therapeutic activity. In order to understand better these therapeutic effects at the molecular and cellular levels, in this work we have carried out molecular dynamics simulations to elucidate the structural and dynamical ...
Abeywardena Mahinda Y - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in many economically developed nations, and its incidence is increasing at a rapid rate in emerging economies. Diet and lifestyle issues are closely associated with a myriad of cardiovascular disease risk factors including abnormal plasma lipids, hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes and obesity, ...
Kooshki Akram - - 2011
Abstract Background: Lipid abnormalities, especially high serum lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] concentration, and anemia are two major causes of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in hemodialysis patients. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the effects of marine omega-3 fatty acids on serum lipids, Lp (a), and hematologic factors in hemodialysis patients. ...
Piccoli Elena - - 2011
Patients treated with amiodarone accumulate lysobisphosphatidic acid (LBPA), also known as bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate, in airway secretions and develop in different tissues vacuoles and inclusion bodies thought to originate from endosomes. To clarify the origin of these changes, we studied in vitro the effects of amiodarone on endosomal activities like transferrin recycling, ...
Engelbrecht Tanja - - 2011
The present study analyzes the effect of the lipophilic penetration enhancer oleic acid on the bilayer structure of stratum corneum (SC) lipid model membranes based on Ceramide AP by using the neutron diffraction technique. Our results indicate the formation of a single lamellar phase in the presence of oleic acid ...
Liu Qinhua - - 2012
Two lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains, Pediococcus pentosaceus SC1 and Lactobacillus paraplantarum SC2 isolated from king grass silage, were characterized and their effectiveness to improve the silage fermentation quality of stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis Sw.) was studied. Strain SC1 was able to grow at a high temperature of 45°C, while SC2 ...
Crosignani Andrea - - 2011
Increasing body of evidence is available indicating that oxysterols are more much than intermediates of metabolic pathways. Oxysterols play a role in the regulation of cholesterol synthesis, transport and efflux. A scavenger effect of cholesterol 27-hydroxylase on elevated serum cholesterol levels is well demonstrated. Bile acid synthesis occurs through two ...
Huang Yong-Lin - - 2011
Triterpene hexahydroxydiphenoyl (HHDP) esters have only been isolated from Castanopsis species, and the distribution of these esters in nature is of chemotaxonomical interest. In this study, the chemical constituents of the leaves of Castanopsis fissa were examined in detail to identify and isolate potential HHDP esters. Together with 53 known ...
Shockey Jay - - 2011
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is frequently used as a bioreactor for conversion of exogenously acquired metabolites into value-added products, but has not been utilized for bioconversion of low-cost lipids such as triacylglycerols (TAGs) because the cells are typically unable to acquire these lipid substrates from the growth media. To help circumvent this ...
Wollam Joshua J Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2011
Bile acids are cholesterol-derived signaling molecules that regulate mammalian metabolism through sterol-sensing nuclear receptor transcription factors. In C. elegans, bile acid-like steroids called dafachronic acids (DAs) control developmental timing and longevity by activating the nuclear receptor DAF-12. However, little is known about the biosynthesis of these molecules. Here, we show that ...
Pan Xinxin - - 2011
A method of synthesizing the phytosterol esters from oleic acid and sterols was studied, using immobilized lipase Candida sp. 99-125 as catalyst. Molar ratio (oleic acid/phytosterols), temperature, reaction period, organic solvents, catalyst, and silica-gel drier were optimized, and the result showed that 93.4% of the sterols had been esterified under ...
Oresti Gerardo M - - 2011
Previous work showed that rat germ cells and spermatozoa contain ceramides and sphingomyelins with high proportions of nonhydroxy and 2-hydroxy (2-OH) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with very long chains (VLCPUFA). The aim of this study was to assess how these lipids are distributed between the heads and tails of mature ...
Lyssenko Nicholas N - - 2012
The apoA-I molecule adopts a two-domain tertiary structure and the properties of these domains modulate the ability to form HDL particles. Thus, human apoA-I differs from mouse apoA-I in that it can form smaller HDL particles; the C-terminal α-helix is important in this process and human apoA-I is unusual in ...
Jia Yaoyao - - 2011
In this study, we confirmed that ursolic acid, a plant triterpenoid, activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α in vitro. Surface plasmon resonance and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses do not show direct binding of ursolic acid to the ligand-binding domain of PPAR-α; however, ursolic acid enhances the binding of PPAR-α ...
Zong Lei - - 2011
  To investigate the choleretic effect and molecular mechanisms of action of peppermint oil (PO), the main component of Danshu capsules (Sichuan Jishengtang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Pengzhou, Sichuan Province, China).   Bile secretion was measured by biliary drainage in rats. Total bile acids, total cholesterol and bilirubin in bile were ...
Popa Iuliana - - 2011
Alterations of the lipid expression in the skin of human and canine atopic subjects may be one of the key factors in the disease development. We have analyzed the ultrastructure of the clinically uninvolved skin of atopic dogs and compared it with the lipid composition of their tape-stripped stratum corneum ...
Garcia-Rios Antonio - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether seven common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) locus interact with total plasma fatty acids to modulate plasma lipid metabolism in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. METHODS: Plasma fatty acid composition, plasma lipid concentrations and LPL SNPs were determined in 452 subjects with the ...
Kučerka Norbert - - 2011
The structural parameters of fluid phase bilayers composed of phosphatidylcholines with fully saturated, mixed, and branched fatty acid chains, at several temperatures, have been determined by simultaneously analyzing small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering data. Bilayer parameters, such as area per lipid and overall bilayer thickness have been obtained in conjunction ...
Verhoeckx Kitty C M - - 2011
Following the discovery of the endocannabinoid arachidonoyl ethanolamide (anandamide) and other N-acyl-ethanolamines, several other compounds have been found in which amino acids or neurotransmitters rather than ethanolamide are linked to fatty acids. Studies have shown that the local availability of fatty acid precursors, which in turn is modulated by dietary ...
Le Hau D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Total parenteral nutrition (PN), including fat administered as a soybean oil-based lipid emulsion (SOLE), is a life-saving therapy but may be complicated by PN-induced cholestasis and dyslipidemia. A fish-oil-based lipid emulsion (FOLE) as a component of PN can reverse PN-cholestasis and has been shown to improve lipid profiles. OBJECTIVE: ...
Hofmanová Jiřina - - 2011
The present study highlights the important association between lipid alterations and differentiation/apoptotic responses in human colon differentiating (FHC) and nondifferentiating (HCT-116) cell lines after their treatment with short-chain fatty acid sodium butyrate (NaBt), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and/or their combination. Our data from GC/MS and LC/MS/MS showed an effective incorporation ...
Duchnowicz Piotr - - 2012
Four polyphenols: ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid (hydroxycinnamic acids), quercetin (flavonol) and cyanidin 3-glucoside (anthocyanin) were selected, and their antioxidant properties and their influence on cholesterol concentration in hypercholesterolemic and normal erythrocytes were investigated. To determine the effect of phenolic compounds, we prospectively studied cholesterol concentration, lipid peroxidation and membranes ...
Qi Yunpeng - - 2011
AIM OF THE STUDY: Volatile oil in Magnolia biondii Pamp (VOMbP) is considered to be important pharmacologically active individuals against acute inflammation, but its exact anti-inflammatory mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we aimed to investigate the intervention of VOMbP on rats with acute inflammation and explore the possible anti-inflammatory ...
Meltzer Herbert Y - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal data comparing the metabolic effects of olanzapine and risperidone with or without valproic acid supplementation in schizophrenic and bipolar patients are lacking. METHOD: This study compares the metabolic effects of olanzapine and risperidone in a prospective, randomized, open-label trial in 160 patients with DSM-IV-TR schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or ...
Amtul Zareen - - 2011
Several studies have shown the protective and/or deleterious effects of dietary enrichment of single fatty acids (FAs) in several animal and cell-culture models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, potential interactions among dietary fatty acids are traditionally ignored. None of these studies has examined and compared the differential effects of FAs ...
He Zhifei - - 2011
To investigate the effect of high-pressure (HP) treatment on lipid oxidation and fatty acid composition of intramuscular lipid in pork, the longissimus muscles from Rongchang (RC) pig were pressurized at 200, 350 and 500MPa for 20min at 20°C prior to 7days storage at 4°C. The changes in TBARS number, lipid ...
Souza Sofia L - - 2011
Cholesteryl esters (CE) are not generally abundant but are ubiquitous in living organisms and have markedly different properties from cholesterol because of their acyl chain. The miscibility/immiscibility of CE with biological lipid structures is a key property for their functions. In this work we study the solubility of cholesteryl oleate ...
Warren R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure for the collection of skin surface corneocyte lipids from the semioccluded and intimate regions of the labia majora and inner thigh of women, to evaluate the polar and nonpolar composition, and to compare the distribution of the lipid classes relative ...
Adisakwattana S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medicinal plants constitute an important source of potential therapeutic agents for diabetes and hyperlipidemia. The purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of leaf extract of Moringa oleifera on inhibition of alpha-glucosidase and pancreatic alpha-amylase related to diabetes mellitus. Moreover, the study was ...
Ribeiro Pérola - - 2012
To investigate the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on the fatty acid composition of erythrocyte phospholipids and breast milk lipids, pregnant Brazilian women in the 30th week of gestation were randomized to supplement their usual diet with 2 g/day of fish oil (FO group) or primrose oil ...
Gonzalez-Silva Napoleon - - 2011
<i>Burkholderia cenocepacia</i> is an important opportunistic pathogen and one of the most striking features of the <i>Burkholderia</i> genus are the polar lipids present in its membrane, which include phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and ornithine-containing lipids (OLs), as well as the 2-hydroxylated derivatives of PE and OLs (2-OH-PE and 2-OH-OLs, respectively), which differ ...
Beasley Ashley S AS The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2012
F. tularensis is a Gram-negative coccobacillus that causes tularemia. Its LPS has nominal biological activity. Currently, there is controversy regarding the structure of the lipid A obtained from F. tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS). Therefore, to resolve this controversy, the purification and structural identification of this LPS was crucial. To ...
Russell D A - - 2011
It has been shown that the gut microbiota regulates fat storage in the body and that disturbances in its composition can lead to the development of certain metabolic disease states. Bifidobacteria are found among the resident microbiota in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and their metabolic activities have been shown to ...
Fabelo Noemí - - 2011
Lipid rafts are cholesterol- and sphingomyelin-enriched microdomains that provide a highly saturated and viscous physicochemical microenvironment to promote protein-lipid and protein-protein interactions. We purified lipid rafts from human frontal cortex from normal, early motor stages of Parkinson's disease (PD) and incidental Parkinson's disease (iPD) subjects and analyzed their lipid composition. ...
Coda Rossana - - 2011
Acha and Iburu flours were singly subjected to sourdough fermentation with previously selected autochthonous starters. Sourdoughs were used (30%, wt/wt) as aroma carriers and acidifiers during short time fermentation with the addition of baker's yeast. Acha and Iburu sourdough breads were compared to wheat sourdough bread started with the same ...
Lee Jiyoung - - 2012
Ample evidence indicates that dietary fatty acids alter the plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of fatty acids still remain elusive. Recent advances in our understanding of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) function and regulation have provided a valuable insight into the mechanisms ...
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