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Thitikorn-Amorn Jitladda - - 2012
A thermophilic Anoxybacillus sp. strain JT-12, isolated from soil, produced acidic xylotriose, 4-O-methyl-α-D: -glucuronosyl-xylotriose (MeGlcAX(3)), as a main product from birchwood xylan and accumulated them in the culture under optimum conditions at pH 7.0 and 55 °C using 0.75% (w/v) birchwood xylan as a carbon source for 42-72 h. The acidic xylotriose ...
Zheng Zhaojuan - - 2012
NAD-dependent l- and d-lactate dehydrogenases coexist in Lactobacillus genomes and may convert pyruvic acid into l-lactic acid and d-lactic acid, respectively. Our findings suggest that the relative catalytic efficiencies of ldhL- and ldhD-encoded products are crucial for the optical purity of lactic acid produced by Lactobacillus strains.
Pradenas Gonzalo A - - 2012
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) affect several macromolecules and cellular components in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. In this work, the effect of various ROS-generating compounds on the Escherichia coli membrane was studied. Membrane fatty acid profiles, oxidative damage levels and bacterial resistance to these toxicants were determined. Studies included wild type ...
Sasaki Takahide - - 2012
Legionella pneumophila is the principal etiologic agent of Legionnaires' disease. We found that the growth of L. pneumophila was markedly inhibited by its own cell lysate and the inhibitory effect was abolished by heat-treatment of the lysate. The genomic library of L. pneumophila was constructed in Escherichia coli and screened ...
Mustafi Nurije - - 2012
The detection and quantification of specific metabolites in single bacterial cells is a major goal for industrial biotechnology. We have developed a biosensor based on the transcriptional regulator Lrp that detects intracellular l-methionine and branched-chain amino acids in Corynebacterium glutamicum. In assays, fluorescence output showed a linear relationship with cytoplasmic ...
Santiago Brendaliz - - 2012
The ability of Streptococcus mutans to produce and tolerate organic acids from carbohydrate metabolism represents a major virulence factor responsible for the formation of carious lesions. Pyruvate is a key metabolic intermediate that, when rerouted to other metabolic pathways such as amino acid biosynthesis, results in the alleviation of acid ...
Fodil Djamila - - 2012
An extracellular thermostable humic acid peroxidase (HaP3) was isolated from a Streptomyces sp. strain AH4. MALDI-TOF MS analysis showed that the purified enzyme was a monomer with a molecular mass of 60,215.18Da. The 26N-terminal residues of HaP3 displayed high homology with Streptomyces peroxidases. Optimal peroxidase activity was obtained at pH ...
Zhao Zhi - - 2012
Corynebacterium glutamicum is widely used for industrial production of various amino acids and vitamins, and there is growing interest in engineering this bacterium for more commercial bioproducts such as γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In this study, a C. glutamicum GABA-specific transporter (GabP(Cg)) encoded by ncgl0464 was identified and characterized. GabP(Cg) plays ...
Zolotov D - - 2012
Refsum's disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid metabolism. Poorly metabolized phytanic acid accumulates in fatty tissues, including myelin sheaths and internal organs, leading to retinitis pigmentosa, peripheral polyneuropathy, cerebellar ataxia, and renal, cardiac or liver impairment. Dietary restriction of phytanic acid in some cases is not ...
Shimizu Nobuhiro - - 2012
A total of fifteen saturated fatty acid esters were newly identified from the secretions of an unidentified Anaulaciulus sp. (Julida: Julidae). The fatty acid components of the esters were composed of normal chain acids (from C(10) to C(14)) and of branched chain acids (from iso-C(12) to iso-C(15) and anteiso-C(15)). The ...
Maturu P - - 2012
Chronic alcohol consumption is a major reason for several human diseases, and alcoholism has been associated with a variety of societal problems. Changes in fatty acid metabolism in alcoholics and its effects leading to membrane damage are largely unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the fatty acid composition of erythrocyte ...
Lei Lin - - 2012
The fatty acids (FA) compositions and positional distributions in triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL) of five wild freshwater fish (Squaliobarbus curriculus, Erythroculter ilishaeformis, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco, Bostrichthys sinensis and Siniperca kneri Garman) from the Poyang Lake (the largest freshwater lake of China) were studied. For TAG, S. kneri German had the ...
Shiraishi Takehiko - - 2012
Limited cellular uptake and low bioavailability of peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) have restricted widespread use of PNAs as antisense/antigene agents for cells in culture and not least for in vivo applications. We now report the synthesis and cellular antisense activity in cultured HeLa pLuc705 cells of cholesterol and cholic acid ...
Fritz Joëlle V - - 2012
HIV-1 Vpu antagonizes the block to particle release mediated by CD317 (BST-2/HM1.24/Tetherin) via incompletely understood mechanisms. Vpu and CD317 partially reside in cholesterol-rich lipid rafts where HIV-1 budding preferentially occurs. Here we find that lipid raft association of ectopically expressed or endogenous CD317 was unaltered upon co-expression with Vpu or ...
Gao Qianqian - - 2012
Direct conversion of solar energy and carbon dioxide to drop in fuel molecules in a single biological system can be achieved from fatty acid-based biofuels such as fatty alcohols and alkanes. These molecules have similar properties to fossil fuels but can be produced by photosynthetic cyanobacteria. Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 mutant ...
Zareian Mohsen - - 2012
l-glutamaic acid is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and an important intermediate in metabolism. In the present study, lactic acid bacteria (218) were isolated from six different fermented foods as potent sources of glutamic acid producers. The presumptive bacteria were tested for their ability to synthesize glutamic acid. ...
Rayyan Maissa - - 2012
For premature neonates needing parenteral nutrition (PN), a balanced lipid supply is crucial. The authors hypothesized that a lipid emulsion containing medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) and soybean, olive, and fish oils would be as safe and well tolerated as a soybean emulsion while beneficially influencing the fatty acid profile. Double-blind, controlled ...
Xu Guoqiang - - 2012
Fumaric acid is a commercially important component of foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and industrial materials, yet the current methods of production are unsustainable and ecologically destructive. In this study, the fumarate biosynthetic pathway involving reductive reactions of the tricarboxylic acid cycle was exogenously introduced in S. cerevisiae by a series of simple ...
Chen Yi-Cun - - 2012
Recent efforts to genetically engineer plants that contain fatty acid desaturases to produce valuable fatty acids have made only modest progress. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2), which catalyzes the final step in triacylglycerol (TAG) assembly, might potentially regulate the biosynthesis of desired fatty acids in TAGs. To study the effects of ...
Birk Tina - - 2012
During the transmission route from poultry to the human host, the major foodborne pathogen C. jejuni may experience many types of stresses, including low pH caused by different acids. However, not all strains are equally sensitive to the stresses. The aim of this study was to investigate the response to ...
Bertels Felix - - 2012
Efficient and inexpensive methods are required for the high-throughput quantification of amino acids in physiological fluids or microbial cell cultures. Here we develop an array of Escherichia coli biosensors to sensitively quantify eleven different amino acids. By using online databases, genes involved in amino acid biosynthesis were identified that - ...
Cenzano Ana M - - 2012
There is limited information about the involvement of lipids and esterified fatty acids in signaling pathways during plant development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lipid composition and molecular species of potato (Solanum tuberosum L., cv. Spunta) stolons and to identify phosphorylated lipids in the first two ...
Rhee Mun Su - - 2011
Bacillus coagulans is a ubiquitous soil bacterium that grows at 50-55 °C and pH 5.0 and ferments various sugars that constitute plant biomass to L (+)-lactic acid. The ability of this sporogenic lactic acid bacterium to grow at 50-55 °C and pH 5.0 makes this organism an attractive microbial biocatalyst ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2013
Residual risk of cardiovascular events after treatment with stain might be explained in part because patients have low levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). We examined how lipid-lowering therapy with strong statin affected serum PUFA levels in patients with coronary artery disease. The study population consisted of 46 patients ...
Sundström Björn - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fatty acid composition in the diet, plasma phospholipids, and adipose tissue in a cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and to determine their correlations to disease activity and blood lipids in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire in 66 patients ...
Telle-Hansen Vibeke H - - 2012
Intake of fish and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids is associated with a reduced concentration of plasma triacylglycerols (TAG) but the mechanisms are not fully clarified. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) activity, governing TAG synthesis, is affected by n-3 fatty acids. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) display expression of genes involved in lipid ...
Singh Renu - - 2011
RedP is proposed to initiate undecylprodiginine biosynthesis in Streptomyces coelicolor by condensing an acyl-CoA with malonyl-ACP, and is homologous to FabH which catalyzes the same reaction for initiation of fatty acid biosynthesis. Herein, we report the substrate specificities of RedP and FabH from assays using pairings of two acyl-CoA substrates ...
Castro-Chavez Fernando - - 2011
In this article, the pattern learned from the classic or conventional rotating circular genetic code is transferred to a 64-grid model. In this non-static representation, the codons for the same amino acid within each quadrant could be exchanged, wobbling or rotating in a quantic way similar to the electrons within ...
Araque Isabel - - 2011
Wine can contain trace amounts of ethyl carbamate (EC), a carcinogen formed when ethanol reacts with carbamyl compounds such as citrulline. EC is produced from arginine by lactic acid bacteria (LAB), e.g., Lactobacillus and Pediococcus. Although the amounts of EC in wine are usually negligible, over the last few years ...
Shaikh Saame Raza - - 2012
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) from fish oil exert their functional effects by targeting multiple mechanisms. One mechanism to emerge in the past decade is the ability of n-3 PUFA acyl chains to perturb the molecular organization of plasma membrane sphingolipid/cholesterol-enriched lipid raft domains. These domains are nanometer-scale assemblies that ...
Xue Changhu - - 2011
The lipid and fatty acid compositions of the total lipids of three cultured populations (migratory between fresh and salt water, Lake Biwa landlocked, and Setogawa River forms) of ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis, were investigated to clarify the difference in lipid characteristics and temperature adaptability among the three groups. Triacylglycerols were the ...
Koh Kwang Kon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids and fenofibrate are both used to treat patients with hypertriglyceridemia. However, a head-to-head comparison of the lipoprotein and metabolic effects of these two medicines has not been published. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel study. Age, sex, and body mass index were matched among ...
Beirão José - - 2011
Changes in the plasma membrane lipid composition have been related to a decrease in sperm quality during cryopreservation. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) have been tested in different species because of their ability to depress the freezing point and their potential interaction with membranes, but controversial effects were reported. In the present ...
Feng Jie - - 2012
Salt-tolerant yeasts are very important for the flavor formation in soy sauce fermentation production. A halophilic aromatic yeast was isolated on the basis of the molecular biological and metabolic functions from soy sauce. The ITS nucleotide sequence alignment method was used to identify the strain as Candida etchellsii by subjecting ...
Stabili L - - 2011
In recent years seaweeds increasingly attracted interest in the search for new drugs and have been shown to be a primary source of bioactive natural products including antibiotics. In the present investigation the antimicrobial activity of Gracilariopsis longissima lipidic extract was assayed and its chemical characterization was carried out by ...
Derlin Thorsten - - 2011
Fatty acids are a common constituent of atherosclerotic plaque and may be synthesized in the plaque itself. Fatty acid synthesis requires acetyl-coenzyme-A (CoA) as a main substrate, which is produced from acetate. Currently, (11)C-acetate PET/CT is used for the evaluation of malignancies. There are no data concerning its potential for ...
McNichol Jesse - - 2011
To assess Soxhlet extraction as a method for quantifying fatty acids (FA) of microalgae, crude lipid, FA content from Soxhlet extracts and FA content from in situ transesterification (ISTE) were compared. In most cases, gravimetric lipid content was considerably greater (up to sevenfold) than the FA content of the crude ...
Bellou Stamatia - - 2011
Several strains of Zygomycetes cultivated on glycerol produced mycelia rich in lipids containing higher amounts of neutral lipids (NL) than glycolipids plus sphingolipids and phospholipids (P), while biosynthesis of P in Mortierella ramanniana, Mucor sp., and Cunninghamella echinulata occurred though NL accumulation process was in progress. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Li Changmo - - 2011
The similarities and differences of eight vegetable oils produced in China were investigated in terms of their fatty acid, sterol and tocopherol compositions and subsequent date processing by hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis. The lipid profiles, acquired by analytical techniques tailored to each lipid class, revealed great similarities ...
Wertheim Betsy C - - 2012
Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme in the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids, is a postulated gene modifier of colorectal cancer risk and target for the therapeutic bile acid, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). We investigated associations between CYP7A1 polymorphisms and fecal bile acids, colorectal adenoma (CRA), and UDCA efficacy for ...
Jacobson Terry A - - 2012
In this exploratory, hypothesis-generating literature review, we evaluated potentially differential effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and non-HDL-C in published studies of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation or prescription ω-3 fatty acid ethyl esters. Placebo-adjusted changes in ...
Akamizu Takakshi - - 2011
Objective: Ghrelin requires a fatty acid modification for binding to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor. Acylation of the Ser3 residue of ghrelin is essential for its biological activities. We hypothesized that acyl-CoA is the fatty acid substrate for ghrelin acylation. Because serum octanoyl-CoA levels are altered by fatty acid oxidation ...
Watts Gerald F - - 2011
Although statins significantly decrease the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), residual CVD risk remains high. This may partly be due to uncorrected atherogenic dyslipidaemia. The driving force behind atherogenic dyslipidaemia is hypertriglyceridaemia, which results from hepatic oversecretion and/or hypocatabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and is typical of type 2 diabetes and ...
Fernández-Hernando Carlos C Department of Medicine, Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2011
Although the roles of the sterol response element binding protein-1 (SREBP1) and SREBP2 transcription factors in regulating fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis and uptake have been known for some time, it was recently discovered that 2 related microRNAs (miRs), miR-33a and miR-33b, are embedded in these genes. Studies indicate that ...
Mattijssen Frits - - 2011
Plasma triglyceride concentrations are determined by the balance between production of the triglyceride-rich lipoproteins VLDL and chylomicrons in liver and intestine, and their lipoprotein lipase-mediated clearance in peripheral tissues. In the last decade, the group of Angiopoietin-like proteins has emerged as important regulators of circulating triglyceride (TG) levels. Specifically, ANGPTL3 ...
Ou Ting-Tsz - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Mulberries are a traditional edible food used to treat hepatic disease. The anti-obesity and hypolipidemic effects of mulberry water extracts (MWE) have attracted increasing interest. In the present study, MWE were assessed for their hepatic lipid-lowering potential when administered in fatty acid overload conditions in HepG2 cells. RESULTS: We ...
Gabert Laure - - 2011
Lipid metabolism studies focus mainly on oxidation and storage but rarely on faecal elimination, which is needed to assess total lipid distribution during the postprandial period. The purpose of the present work was to set up and validate the analysis of lipid tracers in stools, with an aim of later ...
D'Arco Gilda - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rabbit meat has excellent nutritive properties. The purpose of this study was to characterize rabbit meat and offal; in particular, the lipid fraction was studied in order to evaluate total and positional fatty acid (FA) compositions of triacylglycerol (TAG) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) fractions. Eight samples of weaned and eight ...
Fournier Natalie - - 2011
Consumption of trans fatty acids (TFA) increase cardiovascular risk more than do saturated FA, but the mechanisms explaining their atherogenicity are still unclear. We investigated the impact of membrane incorporation of TFA on cholesterol efflux by exposing J774 mouse macrophages or human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM) to media enriched or not ...
Kanter Jenny E JE Department of Pathology, Diabetes and Obesity Center of Excellence, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2012
Diabetes and insulin resistance increase the risk of cardiovascular disease caused by atherosclerosis through mechanisms that are poorly understood. Lipid-loaded macrophages are key contributors to all stages of atherosclerosis. We have recently shown that diabetes associated with increased plasma lipids reduces cholesterol efflux and levels of the reverse cholesterol transporter ...
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