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Results 451 - 500 of 1135
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Hamberg M - - 1998
Seeds of oat (Avena sativa L.) were recently shown to contain significant quantities of a new hydroxy acid, (15 R)-hydroxy-(9Z),(12Z)-octadecadienoic acid (trivial name, avenoleic acid). In the present work, avenoleate was found to be mainly (63%) localized in the glycolipid fraction of oat seed lipids. Fractionation of the glycolipids by ...
Colella M - - 1998
Halorhodopsin, isolated from Halobacterium salinarium cells incubated with tritiated palmitic acid, co-elutes with labeled palmitate in phenylsepharose CL-4B chromatography. Halorhodopsin-bound 3H-palmitate is not readily displaced by prolonged exposure to a large excess of detergents and by re-chromatography of radiolabeled halorhodopsin on phenylsepharose. On other hand, the association of labeled palmitate ...
Zipser B - - 1998
Cerebrosides were isolated from the leech species, Hirudo medicinalis, and purified to homogeneity by silicic acid chromatography, followed by preparative thin-layer chromatography. Their structure was determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. 1D and 2D 1H NMR spectroscopy, DQF-COSY and HMQC indicated that the head group consists of a single galactose ...
Kaphalia B S - - 1998
The activity of the enzyme involved in catalyzing the formation of fatty acid anilides can be measured by quantitating the fatty acid anilides formed. We have shown earlier that oleic acid is the most preferred substrate among other fatty acids studied for the conjugation with aniline. The reaction product (oleyl ...
Chou S - - 1998
Three Mycobacterium genavense strains and three American Type Culture Collection reference strains each of Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium simiae, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis were subcultured onto Mycobacteria 7H11 agar (Difco Laboratories, Detroit, Mich.) supplemented with mycobactin J (Allied Laboratories, Fayette, Mo.). After 4 weeks of incubation at 37 degrees C in 10% ...
del Castillo - - 1998
Maillard reaction in dehydrated orange juice stored at 30 or 50 degrees C and a(w) = 0.44 was studied. The decreases of the total amino acids were 30 and 65% of initial concentration after 14 days of storage at 30 and 50 degrees C, respectively. Storage at 50 degrees C ...
Morton S L - - 1998
A species of epiphytic Prorocentrum (Dinophyta, Prorocentrales, collected from the macroalga Dictyota dichotoma, was brought into culture. Based on morphological characteristics, this isolate was identified as Prorocentrum belizeanum. Analysis of the culture extract using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry indicated the production of okadaic acid, a toxic polyether ...
Kinoshita H - - 1998
Two fatalities caused by methanol ingestion are presented. Quantitative analysis of methanol and formic acid using head-space gas chromatography showed concentrations of methanol and formic acid in the femoral blood of each subject of 2.19 mg/ml and 0.41 mg/ml, and 1.96 mg/ml and 0.38 mg/ml, respectively. We concluded that death ...
Gustafsson Aina - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of clindamycin, given alone or with Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Streptococcus thermophilus to conventional rats, on 7alpha-dehydroxylation of cholic acid to deoxycholic acid. METHODS: The presence of deoxycholic acid was determined by gas-liquid chromatography. The fecal concentration of clindamycin was determined on PDM antibiotic sensitivity medium. ...
Quémard A - - 1997
Mycolic acids are believed to play a crucial role in the architecture of the mycobacterial envelope. However, very few steps of their biosynthetic pathway have yet been elucidated. We previously isolated [Dubnau, E., Lanéelle, M. A., Soares, S., Bénichou, A., Vaz, T., Promé, D., Promé, J. C., Daffé, M. & ...
Jones L N - - 1997
Although branched chain fatty acids perform many functions in biological systems, the importance of the anteiso 18 methyleicosanoic acid (MEA) has only recently been recognized. In this first review on MEA its role and distribution is explored. MEA has been found in minor amounts in the fatty acid components of ...
Spitzer V - - 1997
Besides some usual fatty acids (FA), two conjugated ene-yne acetylenic FA [trans-10-heptadecen-8-ynoic acid (pyrulic acid) (7.4%), and trans-11-octadecen-9-ynoic acid (ximenynic acid) (3.5%)], a novel ene-yne-ene acetylenic FA [cis-7, trans-11-octadecadiene-9-ynoic acid (heisteric acid) (22.6%)], and 9,10-epoxystearic acid (0.6%) could be identified in the seed oil of Heisteria silvanii (Olacaceae). Two further ...
Mitchell C G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, whose spores are present ubiquitously in the air, causes a range of diseases in the human lung. A small molecular weight (< 10 kD) heat stable toxin released from the spores of clinical and environmental isolates of A fumigatus within minutes of deposition in aqueous ...
Bodennec J - - 1997
We have developed a novel, simple, and rapid, two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography method to separate 1,2-, 1,3-diacylglycerols and ceramides containing alpha-hydroxy and normal fatty acids from other neutral lipids on one 10 x 10 cm precoated silica gel plate. The three solvent systems used in succession leave the phospholipids at the ...
Takekoshi Y - - 1997
Alkali-catalyzed pyrolysis gas chromatography (PyGC) has been used to identify minute samples of wool fiber. The wool sample to which aqueous sodium hydroxide was added was pyrolyzed in a Curie-point pyrolyzer attached to a gas chromatograph or a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer. The addition of an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide ...
Shukuwa T - - 1997
To elucidate the pathogenesis of impaired barrier function and the influence of surfactant on the stratum corneum in hyperkeratosis, we investigated morphological alterations of the corneocytes with soap solution. Groups of five patients each with psoriasis vulgaris (PV), ichthyosis vulgaris (IV), atopic dermatitis (AD), and normal controls were examined. Four ...
Spitzer V - - 1997
The seed oil of Sebastiana commersoniana (Euphorbiaceae) was separated into triglyceride and an estolide fraction by preparative thin-layer chromatography. The triglyceride band was characterized by spectroscopic methods, and its fatty acids have been analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry (MS) as their methyl esters. Linolenic acid was the ...
Takeda Y - - 1997
The thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) behaviour of 64 ions including Zr(IV) and Hf(IV) has been surveyed on systems composed of silica gel and of nitric acid and nitric acid-hydrogen peroxide media. In the 0.5 mol 1(-1) HNO(3)-3% (w/v) H(2)O(2) solution, only Hf(IV) adsorbed very strongly, whereas Zr(IV) and many other ions ...
Mitsutake S - - 1997
Sphingolipid ceramide N-deacylase (SCDase) is an enzyme which hydrolyzes the N-acyl linkage between fatty acid and sphingosine in ceramide of various glycosphingolipids and sphingomyelin. Recently the enzyme was found to catalyze the hydrolysis and its reverse reaction under different conditions. We report here an innovative method for synthesis of radioisotope-labeled ...
Baba T - - 1997
We analyzed the mycolic acid composition of trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM) obtained from Mycobacterium, using thin layer chromatography, gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Utilizing TDM, whose structure was confirmed, granuloma formation in mice was investigated. All TDM used exhibited considerable granuloma formation activity in the lung and spleen. In particular, ...
Rodriguez-Estrada M T - - 1997
The effects of different cooking methods on the lipid and protein fractions of hamburger were evaluated. The lipid component was subjected to the following analyses: peroxide value; p-anisidine; total and free fatty acids; cholesterol and its oxidation products (quantified as 7-ketocholesterol). Lysinoalanine (LAL), free amino acids and D-amino acids (D-AA) ...
Mirsky V M - - 1997
Self-assembled monolayers of omega-mercaptohexadecanoic acid and omega-mercaptohexadecylamine on gold electrodes are stable at neutral pH and display pure capacitive behavior at frequencies around 20 Hz. Different methods of covalent immobilization of proteins on these monolayers are compared. Various reagents including succinimides, thionylchloride, p-nitrophenol and carbodiimides were used to activate the ...
Müller H M - - 1997
Maize silage was inoculated with Penicillium roqueforti strains which are able to form the mycotoxins mycophenolic acid (MPA), patulin (PAT), penicillic acid (PA), or PR toxin (PRT). The silage was incubated for 160 d without agitation under aerobic conditions at 15 degrees C in the dark. The mycotoxins were quantified ...
Dubnau E - - 1997
The resurgence of tuberculosis and the emergence of multidrug-resistant mycobacteria necessitate the development of new antituberculosis drugs. The biosynthesis of mycolic acids, essential elements of the mycobacterial envelope, is a good target for chemotherapy. Species of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex synthesize oxygenated mycolic acids with keto and methoxy functions. In ...
Simakov M B - - 1997
The present experiment indicates that oligopeptides are easily produced in solid state from mixtures of simple amino acids by irradiating with high energy charged particles. We investigated such amino acids and their mixtures as tryptophan, tyrosine and glycine. The thin films was irradiated with protons (6.6 MeV). Such dipeptides as ...
Bocos C - - 1996
The release of both glycerol and free fatty acids (FFA) into a medium by epididymal fat pad pieces from fed rats incubated in Krebs Ringer bicarbonate-albumin buffer supplemented or not with epinephrine decreased more in the presence of etofibrate than in the presence of equimolecular doses of nicotinic acid or ...
Kushi Y - - 1996
A novel sulfated glycosphingolipid containing a sulfated galactosyl residue was isolated from bovine erythrocyte ghosts, and purified to homogeneity by column chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex and silica beads. Structural characterization included compositional analyses, permethylation studies, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, negative secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), solvolysis and immunostaining on ...
Malina H Z - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The tryptophan degradation pathway leads to NAD production via 3-hydroxykynurenine. Kynurenine aminotransferase (KAT) transforms 3-hydroxykynurenine into xanthurenic acid. In this study, we measured the activity of KAT in human lenses and studied the consequences of xanthurenic acid formation METHODS: KAT activity was determined by the method of Tobes. Fluorescence ...
Barreto-Bergter E - - 1996
A detailed knowledge of the primary structure of neutral glycosphingolipids isolated and purified from Trypanosoma dionisii has been elucidated using a combination of techniques--as column chromatography, HPTLC and GC-MS together with fast atom bombardment spectrometry. The ceramide monohexoside fraction (CMH) contained both glucosyl- and galactosylceramides in a ratio of 1:1, ...
Carreto L - - 1996
The compositions of the major glycolipids (GL-1) of five strains of Thermus aquaticus, the type strain of T. filiformis, T. oshimai SPS-11, and Thermnus sp. strain CG-2 were examined by gas chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy, fast atom bombardment-mass spectroscopy, and chemical methods. The results showed that, with the exception of ...
Chen G - - 1996
Alginate use in displacement chromatography as a displacer has been studied. The experiments showed that untreated alginate is the basis of potential displacer for displacement chromatography, but needs to be cleaved into smaller chains. Alginate treated with ultrasound, which cleaves alginate into shorter polysaccharide chains, gave better displacement than untreated ...
Sugita M - - 1996
A novel glycosphingolipid containing inositol phosphate as an acidic group has been demonstrated in whole tissues of the porcine roundworm, Ascaris suum. The thin layer chromatographic pattern of the total acidic glycolipid revealed the presence of several components, of which a major component (named AGL) with positive reactions toward both ...
Ritter D - - 1996
Mycobacterium genavense, a fastidious opportunist in patients with AIDS, cannot be identified by conventional biochemical methods. Computerized mycolic acid analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography offers an alternative that distinguishes the mycolic acid profile of M. genavense from those of all other organisms in the database developed at the Centers for ...
Laura D - - 1996
Ochrobactrum anthropi is a gram-negative bacillus recognized as a human opportunist pathogen isolated in clinical specimens and not of clinical significance. We report a new aspect of this bacterium, that it has been isolated from activated sludge. In fact, it is able to grow on atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropyl-amine-s-triazine) by utilizing it ...
Ahn D U - - 1996
Effects of dietary α-linolenic acid on the fatty acid composition, storage stability and sensory characteristics of cooked pork were studied. Dietary α-linolenic acid (LNA) significantly (p < 0.05) increased the proportion of n-3 fatty acids and the degree of unsaturation in the neutral lipids and phospholipids. The increases in n-3 ...
Corcelli A - - 1996
Purified halorhodopsin was isolated from Halobacterium halobium as previously described (Duschl, A. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 17016-17022). Two purple bands were eluted from phenyl-Sepharose column, indicating the presence of differently retained halorhodopsin forms; the absorption spectra of the two halorhodopsin bands in the dark were not different. ...
Bergqvist M H - - 1996
Diglucosyldiacylglycerol from Acholeplasma laidlawii was isolated by adsorption chromatography and subsequently subjected to molecular species analysis by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Twenty-three molecular species were resolved. The bacterium was grown in a medium supplemented with a mixture of oleic acid and perdeuterated palmitic acid, and incorporation of perdeuterated acyl moieties ...
Uhrig M L - - 1996
In vivo labeling experiments with [3H]palmitic acid, [3H]inositol, and [3H]glucose allowed the identification of two main classes of inositolphospholipids (IPLs) from the trypomastigote stage of Trypanosoma cruzi. Purification of these compounds was achieved by ion-exchange chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography and thin layer chromatography. Specific phosphatidyl-inositol phospholipase C digestion, dephosphorylation ...
Chou S - - 1996
Twenty-nine Mycobacterium reference strains representing 10 species and 60 mycobacterial cultures isolated from sputum specimens were studied. These cultures were grown in Bactec 7H12B medium (Becton Dickinson and Co., Paramus, N.J.) supplemented with oleic acid-albumin-dextrose-catalase enrichment broth (Becton Dickinson and Co., Cockeysville, Md.). The cultures were analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography ...
Springer B - - 1996
A distinct group of slowly growing mycobacteria was identified on the basis of growth characteristics, biochemical and lipid profiles, and nucleic acid analyses. The isolates showed growth at 22 to 37 degrees C, yellow pigmentation, and negative tests for Tween 80 hydrolysis, nicotinic acid, nitrate reductase, and urease; tests for ...
Hutchesson A C - - 1996
AIMS: To assess the incidence of tyrosinaemia type I in the West Midlands Region, and the value of current neonatal screening programmes for phenylketonuria (PKU) for its detection. METHODS: Retrospective study of results from the PKU neonatal screening programmes in Birmingham (using plasma amino acid chromatography) and in the rest ...
Nakamura T - - 1996
We have designed a rapid method for the separation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, > or = trienes) from non-PUFA, and for estimation of total amounts of PUFA in lipids of aquatic organisms. Lipids from thirty-one species, including marine and fresh water fishes, shell fishes, marine algae, and other aquatic ...
Abuin G - - 1996
Tc-85, an 85-kDa surface glycoprotein specific for the trypomastigote stage of Trypanosoma cruzi, has been implicated in the invasion of host cells by the parasite. Radioactive palmitic acid was incorporated into Tc-85 immunoprecipitated from the culture medium with the H1A10 monoclonal antibody, suggesting that shedding occurs with Tc-85 bearing its ...
Käkelä R - - 1996
Unusual fatty acids in the adipose tissue of the Canadian beaver were analysed by argentation thin-layer chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of several adducts and spectroscopic measurements. The total proportion of trans-octadecenoic fatty acids and the distribution of double bonds in these acids resembled those of ruminant fats. ...
Grindstaff K. K. - - 1996
The heat-shock responses of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Hi- malaya) aleurone layers incubated with or without gibberellic acid (GA3) were compared. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that heat shock blocked the synthesis and secretion of secretory proteins from GA3-treated layers but not untreated layers. This suppression of secretory ...
Barnathan G - - 1996
In order to identify new structures and especially those involved as biosynthetic intermediates, the fatty acid composition of whole phospholipids from two Senegalese marine sponges from the order Axinellida, Trikentrion loeve and Pseudaxinella cf. lunaecharta, has been investigated by analytical gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Several new fatty acids ...
Márquez M - - 1996
Dextran forms stable chelates with 99mTc, a radionuclide with ideal properties for planar scintigraphic and tomographic imaging. This study investigates some of the factors of importance to the formation of 99mTc-dextran. The complex was used for the technetium labelling of a monoclonal antibody. Two radiolabelling methods were studied: direct dextran ...
Koopman H N - - 1996
Fatty acid composition of blubber was determined at four body sites of 19 male harbour porpoises. A total of 65 fatty acids were quantified in each sample. The array of fatty acids contained in harbour porpoise blubber was similar to those found in other marine mammals. While chemical composition of ...
Florin-Christensen M - - 1995
Serine is an important amino acid that is utilized in the biosyntheses of proteins and lipids. It is directly incorporated into the head group of phosphatidylserine, which in turn can be converted to other phospholipids. Also, it is required for the formation of long chain bases, precursors of sphingolipids. Uptake ...
Borhan B - - 1995
Two rapid assays for the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) are described. First, a sensitive radiometric assay based on thin-layer chromatography of [(14)C]-cis-9,10-epoxystearic acid and its corresponding diol ((14)C]-9,10-dihydroxystearic acid) is described. The cis fatty acid oxide exhibits higher specific activity of hydration with sEH from mouse, rat, human, and potato ...
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