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Results 351 - 400 of 1491
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Takahashi Daizo - - 2002
Quinone pigments in the crinoids were investigated. New quinone sulfates 1 and 3 were isolated from Tropiometra afra macrodiscus and Oxycomanthus japonicus, respectively. The structures 1 and 3 were determined to be 1,6,8-trihydroxy-3-propylanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid 6-O-sulfate (ptilometric acid 6-O-sulfate) and 2-butanoyl-3,6,8-trihydroxy-1,4-naphtoquinone 6-O-sulfate, respectively, by chemical and spectroscopic analysis. Ptilometric acid 6-O-sulfate ...
Masuda Wataru - - 2002
In tooth dentine, owing to its slow metabolism after its formation, racemized and transformed D-aspartic acid remains in the tissue and accumulates with age. However, no dentinal proteins which contain D-aspartic acid have been identified. In this study, a non-collagenous phosphoprotein was purified from bovine dentine. Its molecular mass was ...
Yu Ruey J - - 2002
Most alpha-hydroxyacids and polyhydroxy acids are physiologic, natural, and nontoxic substances. All members of the group promote normal keratinization and desquamation. Those with multiple hydroxyl groups are moisturizing antioxidants, and are especially gentle for sensitive skin. Alpha-hydroxyacids and polyhydroxy acids can increase biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans and collagen fibers, and cause ...
Iwafune Mito - - 2002
The glycosaminoglycan chain of decorin from human spinal ligaments was digested using the hydrolysis of bovine testicular hyaluronidase. As a result, decorin with hexasaccharide, octasaccharide, and decasaccharide including the linkage region, GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl, was obtained. The obtained decorin as an acceptor and hyaluronic acid as a donor were incubated with bovine ...
Viornery Carine - - 2002
Titanium is widely used in dental implants due to its suitable physical properties and its good biocompatibility. However, it is integrated into bone only passively, and the resulting fixation in the bone, which is necessary for the function, is mainly mechanical in nature. With the objective of increasing the chemical ...
Tsara Marina E - - 2002
This study indicated that human normal rectum (HNR) and human rectum carcinoma (HRC) contained three populations of proteoglycans (PGs). About 63% of the HNR PGs, in terms of uronic acid, were heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) of M(r) 500,000 with HS side-chains of M(r) 35,000. The other two populations were versican ...
Portenier Isabelle - - 2002
The antibacterial activity of chlorhexidine digluconate and iodine potassium iodide on Enterococcus faecalis A197A was tested in the presence of dentin, dentin matrix, dentin pretreated by EDTA and citric acid, collagen, and heat-killed cells of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Medications were preincubated for 1 h with each of the ...
Casu Benito - - 2002
Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF2) is a major inducer of neovascularization (angiogenesis). Heparin activates FGF2 by favoring formation of ternary complexes with its cellular receptors (FGFRs). Controlled 2-O-desulfation followed by exhaustive periodate oxidation/borohydride reduction has been used to generate sulfation gaps within the prevalent heparin sequences, building-up arrays of pentasulfated trisaccharides ...
Da-Silva E Alexsandro - - 2002
PURPOSE: Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and collagen are major components of the extracellular matrix and they have key roles in fibrotic diseases. Little is known about the molecular environment in urethral stricture and the majority of the studies available focused on collagen analysis. However, to our knowledge there are no data on ...
Gooch K J - - 2002
Bovine calf articular chondrocytes were seeded onto biodegradable polyglycolic acid (PGA) scaffolds and cultured in either control medium or medium supplemented with 1, 10, or 100 ng/mL of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) BMP-2, BMP-12, or BMP-13. Under all conditions investigated, cell-polymer constructs cultivated for 4 weeks in vitro macroscopically and ...
Vongchan Preeyanat - - 2002
Chitin prepared from the shells of rice-field crabs (Somanniathelphusa dugasti) was converted into chitosan with a degree of acetylation of 0.21 and then sulfated with chlorosulfonic acid in N,N-dimethylformamide under semi-heterogeneous conditions to give 87% of water-soluble sulfated chitosan with degree of substitution (d.s) of 2.13. 1H NMR revealed the ...
Rye Carl S - - 2002
Chondroitin AC lyase from Flavobacterium heparinum degrades chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans via an elimination mechanism, resulting in disaccharides or oligosaccharides with Delta4,5-unsaturated uronic acid residues at their nonreducing end. The syntheses and testing of two potential inhibitors of this lyase are described. Methyl O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-galactopyranosyl)-(1-->4)-alpha-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranoside, 1, has the trigonal geometry at C5 ...
Gendimenico Gerard J - - 2002
Skin is an important target organ for estrogens. The major reported effects of estrogens are as regulators of connective tissue molecules, namely collagen and hyaluronic acid. We investigated the regulation of connective tissue synthesis by topical estrogens in a hairless mouse model of photodamaged skin, which has been previously shown ...
Nakase Takanobu - - 2002
Localization and expression of cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1 in tissues of torn rotator cuff tendons were examined by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis. Histologic findings of torn rotator cuff tendons showed that active cells synthesizing the alpha-1 chain of collagen Type I messenger ribonucleic acid were localized predominantly in the ...
Pfeiler Edward - - 2002
Hyaluronan (HA) has been identified as the principal glycosaminoglycan (CAG) in the highly hydrated, extracellular body matrix of the larval stage (leptocephalus) of seven species of true eels (Teleostei: Elopomorpha: Anguilliformes) and the ladyfish Elops saurus (Elopiformes), and was found as a minor GAG component in the bonefish Albula sp. ...
Koshiishi Ichiro - - 2002
Quantitative and qualitative alterations of renal oversulfated chondroitin/dermatan sulfates (C/DSs) accompanied by the development of tubulointerstitial nephritis were examined. The rat model with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) is a suitable model for study of renal interstitial fibrosis, and was utilized in the present study. Cortical regions of serial sections of ...
Yin Jin - - 2002
An assay for the quantification of collagen-like polymer (CLP) in Escherichia coli cells utilizing the specific reaction between collagenase and CLP is presented. It involves thermal treatment to precipitate non-CLP proteins, digestion of CLP by collagenase and detection of the absorbance of the liberated amino acids and peptides from CLP ...
Nanbo Asuka - - 2002
The effects of p-phenylbenzoic acid (PPBA) on sulfation and glucuronidation was studied in rats. Following intravenous injection of 14C-p-tert-butylphenol (14C-TB, 50 micromol/kg) with PPBA (50 micromol/kg), the sulfation of 14C-TB was decreased by 38.8% and its glucuronidation increased by 62.3%. In a system of isolated hepatocytes, the sulfation of 14C-TB ...
Nakano T - - 2002
Galactosaminoglycans, isolated from decalcified chicken eggshell by papain digestion and ion-exchange chromatography, were fractionated by selective precipitation at varying concentrations of ethanol and characterized by chemical and enzymatic methods. The eggshell contained 0.15 microg galactosaminoglycan uronic acid/mg dry weight. Most (to approximately 87% of total) galactosaminoglycans were found to be ...
Lai Erh-Min - - 2002
Agrobacterium tumefaciens T pili are long semi-rigid, flexuous filaments of 10 nm diameter that are primarily composed of T pilin cyclized protein subunits. The cyclic character of T pilin apparently confers a high level of structural stability on the T pilus. Purified T pili subjected to extreme environmental conditions such ...
Chai Wengang - - 2002
An important characteristic of malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (IRBCs) is their ability to adhere to host endothelial cells and accumulate in various organs. Sequestration of IRBCs in the placenta, associated with excess perinatal and maternal mortality, is mediated in part by adhesion of parasites to the glycosaminoglycan ...
Pavão Mauro S G - - 2002
Dermatan sulfates and heparin, similar to the mammalian glycosaminoglycans, but with differences in the degree and position of sulfation were previously isolated from the body of the ascidian Styela plicata and Ascidia nigra. These differences produce profound effects on their anticoagulant properties. S. plicata dermatan sulfate composed by 2-O-sulfated alpha-L-iduronic ...
Yamamoto E - - 2002
Collagenase was injected into the Achilles tendon of both hind legs of 10 clinically normal adult male New Zealand white rabbits. One month after induction of the injury, beta-aminoproprionitrile (BAPN) or hyaluronic acid (HA) was injected into the tendon core of the right hind leg of each rabbit, the left ...
Wardas Maria - - 2002
In this study, we investigated persons exposed to high and low air pollution caused by metals. This investigation was done against the background of changes in the connective tissue of palatine tonsils. We evaluated the qualitative and quantitative composition of glycosoaminoglycans (GAG) isolated from palatine tonsils. GAGs were separated by ...
Rees Sarah G - - 2002
Proteoglycans and their spatial arms, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), are known to interact with hydroxyapatite (HAP) and have been implicated as important modulators of mineralisation. In the present study isotherm data (0.02 M sodium acetate, pH 6.8) revealed that the iduronic-rich GAGs heparan sulphate, heparin and dermatan sulphate showed greater binding onto ...
Ohtani Susumu - - 2002
Age estimation has been often performed based on the rate of aspartic acid racemization using bones. In this study, we investigated various kinds of bone and a cartilage for suitability to estimate age by racemization. Ten male cadavers aged 22 to 77 years at death were selected, and bone specimens ...
Farrington M - - 2002
This is the second in a series of papers that report experiments to investigate the properties required for effective tissue valve implants. This paper is concerned with investigations into alternative antimicrobial treatments and the effect these treatments produce on the structural and biomechanical properties of ovine aortic valves. Six treatments ...
Zaia J - - 2001
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan consisting of repeating uronic acid, N-acetylgalactosamine sulfate disaccharide units [-UroA(beta1,3)-GalNAcS(beta1,4)]n. Chondroitin sulfate type A (CSA) contains glucuronic acid, and 90% of the GalNAc residues are sulfated at the 4-position with 10% at the 6-position. Chondroitin sulfate type C (CSC) contains glucuronic acid, and 90% ...
Jeong J - - 2001
Acharan sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG), having the structure -->4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose(1-->4)-2-sulfo-alpha-L-idopyranosyluronic acid (1-->, isolated from the body of the giant African snail Achatina fulica. This GAG represents 3-5% of the dry weight of this snail's soft body tissues. Frozen sections and polyester wax sections of the snail's body were stained by ...
Srivastava A K - - 2001
Clinical studies have shown that measurements of urine concentration of degradation products of C-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen provide a selective marker to assess bone resorption. Assays for C-telopeptide fragments have been described using antibodies generated against an eight amino acid synthetic peptide EKAHDGGR. In this study, we describe ...
Miralles G - - 2001
Studies are underway to design biosystems containing embedded chondrocytes to fill osteochondral defects and to produce a tissue close to native cartilage. In the present report, a new alginate three-dimensional support for chondrocyte culture is described. A sodium alginate solution, with or without hyaluronic acid (HA), was freeze-dried to obtain ...
Zaia J - - 2001
Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is an acidic 301 amino acid protein expressed by osteoblasts and at a low level by hypertrophic chondrocytes. Its expression is highest during early stages of bone formation, and it is particularly abundant in the cells lining the surface of newly formed trabeculae. BSP contains numerous substituents ...
Ritter A V - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of phosphoric acid (PA) and a proprietary glutaraldehyde-HEMA aqueous solution (Gluma Desensitizer; GD) on dentin collagen. Specimens of demineralized bovine dentin collagen were treated with either 37% or 50% PA for 1 or 5 min. An additional set of specimens ...
Naggi A - - 2001
A process to generate glycosaminoglycans with heparin- and heparan sulfate-like sequences from the Escherichia coli K5 capsular polysaccharide is described. This polymer has the same structure as N-acetylheparosan, the precursor in heparin/ heparan sulfate biosynthesis. The process involves chemical N-deacetylation and N-sulfation, enzymatic conversion of up to 60% of the ...
Konttinen Y T - - 2001
Normal bone remodeling and pathological bone destruction have been considered to be osteoclast-driven. Osteoclasts are able to attach to bare bone surface and produce an acidic subcellular space. This leads to acid dissolution of hydroxyapatite, allowing cathepsin K to degrade the organic type I collagen-rich osteoid matrix under the acidic ...
Kusano A - - 2001
The inhibitory collagenolytic activity (47-64% inhibition in 0.22-0.24 microM) of fukinolic acid and cimicifugic acids A, B, and C, which are esters of fukiic acid (3',4'-dihydroxybenzyl tartaric acid) was more potent than that (20-37% inhibition in 0.23-0.24 microM) of cimicifugic acids D, E, F, which are esters of pscidic acid ...
Lovekamp J - - 2001
Bioprosthetic heart valves (BPHVs) derived from glutaraldehyde-crosslinked porcine aortic valves are frequently used in heart valve replacement surgeries. However, the majority of bioprostheses fail clinically because of calcification and degeneration. We have recently shown that glycosaminoglycan (GAG) loss may be in part responsible for degeneration of glutaraldehyde-crosslinked bioprostheses. In the ...
Lauder R M - - 2001
The chondroitin sulphate (CS) linkage regions have been isolated from human articular cartilage aggrecan (from 10- to 72-year-olds) by chondroitin ABC endolyase digestion and size-exclusion chromatography. Linkage region hexasaccharides have been characterized and their abundance estimated by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography. The basic structure for the CS linkage region oligosaccharides identified ...
Pilin A - - 2001
Among the methods dealing with the age estimation, the evaluation of the ratio of the D-, L- form of the aspartic acid in tissues with a low metabolic turnover is considered to be the most precise. We introduced demineralization of the dentin with 0.5 M EDTA adjusted to pH = ...
Stickel F - - 2001
Hepatic fibrosis in alcoholic liver disease often heralds progression to cirrhosis and, therefore, noninvasive parameters are required for early diagnosis and follow-up. Collagens VI and XIV, procollagen-III-N-propeptide, hyaluronic acid, and active transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) were measured in healthy volunteers, patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, and heavy drinkers without cirrhosis. Noncirrhotic ...
Valla S - - 2001
The sugar residues in most polysaccharides are incorporated as their corresponding monomers during polymerization. Here we summarize the three known exceptions to this rule, involving the biosynthesis of alginate, and the glycosaminoglycans, heparin/heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate. Alginate is synthesized by brown seaweeds and certain bacteria, while glycosaminoglycans are produced ...
De Torres T - - 2001
A linear correlation was established between aspartic acid racemization ratio from cave bear dentine collagen and absolute dating. The high correlation coefficient obtained allowed age calculation through amino acid racemization. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid racemization kinetics have also been explored in dentine from a North American black bear (Ursus ...
Meyer W - - 2001
TEM and SEM application demonstrated that the shift from chondrification to ossification in the developing murine centra from day 15 to day 18 of gestational age is marked by typical structural variations of the extracellular matrix (ECM). During day 15 GA, typical matrix vesicles with crystalline contents appeared, as followed ...
Evers M R - - 2001
We have identified and characterized an N-acetylgalactosamine-4-O-sulfotransferase designated dermatan-4-sulfotransferase-1 (D4ST-1) (GenBank(TM) accession number AF401222) based on its homology to HNK-1 sulfotransferase. The cDNA predicts an open reading frame encoding a type II membrane protein of 376 amino acids with a 43-amino acid cytoplasmic domain and a 316-amino acid luminal domain ...
Zamze S - - 2001
A family of about 20 novel acidic bi- and tri-antennary N-glycans, amounting to almost half those expressed on Bowes melanoma tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) were found to possess Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->, sulfated and sialylated GalNAcbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1--> or sulfated GlcAbeta1--> 3Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1--> antennae, of which those containing sulfated GlcA, depicting the L2/HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope, were preferentially ...
Doukas A G - - 2001
Fluorescence excitation spectroscopy was used to assess cellular turnover in human skin by monitoring changes of endogenous fluorescence. Epidermal proliferation was induced with alpha-hydroxy acids. Commercially available glycolic acid creams (8 and 4% wt/wt concentration) and a vehicle cream (placebo) were applied in a randomized double blinded fashion on subjects' ...
Sohn H - - 2001
We previously demonstrated that periodic H2S production during aerobic continuous culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae resulted in ultradian respiratory oscillation, and that H2S production was dependent on the activity of sulfate uptake and the level of sulfite. To investigate the mechanism of regulation of the sulfate assimilation pathway and of respiratory ...
Fernández-Mosquera D - - 2001
Palaeoclimatic data that can be extracted from the isotopic signatures of delta13C and delta15N, which are found in fossil bone collagen, should be analysed according to the specific metabolism of each species. Although Ursus spelaeus is an extinct species, its metabolism is assimilated to current, closely related species of bear. ...
Hamadeh M J - - 2001
There is no fully satisfactory method for measuring amino acid catabolism in the nonsteady state that follows normal protein consumption. Because sulfate is the major product of sulfur amino acid catabolism, we tested whether its production can be accurately depicted using simple tracer or nontracer approaches under basal conditions and ...
Mitropoulou T N - - 2001
The type, amount and fine chemical composition of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) present both in human normal myometrium and uterine leiomyoma have been studied. GAGs were fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, isolated by gel-permeation chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B and characterized using electrophoresis in cellulose acetate membranes, specific enzymic treatments and analysis ...
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