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Results 351 - 400 of 1478
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Nakase Takanobu - - 2002
Localization and expression of cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1 in tissues of torn rotator cuff tendons were examined by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis. Histologic findings of torn rotator cuff tendons showed that active cells synthesizing the alpha-1 chain of collagen Type I messenger ribonucleic acid were localized predominantly in the ...
Pfeiler Edward - - 2002
Hyaluronan (HA) has been identified as the principal glycosaminoglycan (CAG) in the highly hydrated, extracellular body matrix of the larval stage (leptocephalus) of seven species of true eels (Teleostei: Elopomorpha: Anguilliformes) and the ladyfish Elops saurus (Elopiformes), and was found as a minor GAG component in the bonefish Albula sp. ...
Koshiishi Ichiro - - 2002
Quantitative and qualitative alterations of renal oversulfated chondroitin/dermatan sulfates (C/DSs) accompanied by the development of tubulointerstitial nephritis were examined. The rat model with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) is a suitable model for study of renal interstitial fibrosis, and was utilized in the present study. Cortical regions of serial sections of ...
Yin Jin - - 2002
An assay for the quantification of collagen-like polymer (CLP) in Escherichia coli cells utilizing the specific reaction between collagenase and CLP is presented. It involves thermal treatment to precipitate non-CLP proteins, digestion of CLP by collagenase and detection of the absorbance of the liberated amino acids and peptides from CLP ...
Nanbo Asuka - - 2002
The effects of p-phenylbenzoic acid (PPBA) on sulfation and glucuronidation was studied in rats. Following intravenous injection of 14C-p-tert-butylphenol (14C-TB, 50 micromol/kg) with PPBA (50 micromol/kg), the sulfation of 14C-TB was decreased by 38.8% and its glucuronidation increased by 62.3%. In a system of isolated hepatocytes, the sulfation of 14C-TB ...
Nakano T - - 2002
Galactosaminoglycans, isolated from decalcified chicken eggshell by papain digestion and ion-exchange chromatography, were fractionated by selective precipitation at varying concentrations of ethanol and characterized by chemical and enzymatic methods. The eggshell contained 0.15 microg galactosaminoglycan uronic acid/mg dry weight. Most (to approximately 87% of total) galactosaminoglycans were found to be ...
Lai Erh-Min - - 2002
Agrobacterium tumefaciens T pili are long semi-rigid, flexuous filaments of 10 nm diameter that are primarily composed of T pilin cyclized protein subunits. The cyclic character of T pilin apparently confers a high level of structural stability on the T pilus. Purified T pili subjected to extreme environmental conditions such ...
Chai Wengang - - 2002
An important characteristic of malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (IRBCs) is their ability to adhere to host endothelial cells and accumulate in various organs. Sequestration of IRBCs in the placenta, associated with excess perinatal and maternal mortality, is mediated in part by adhesion of parasites to the glycosaminoglycan ...
Pavão Mauro S G - - 2002
Dermatan sulfates and heparin, similar to the mammalian glycosaminoglycans, but with differences in the degree and position of sulfation were previously isolated from the body of the ascidian Styela plicata and Ascidia nigra. These differences produce profound effects on their anticoagulant properties. S. plicata dermatan sulfate composed by 2-O-sulfated alpha-L-iduronic ...
Yamamoto E - - 2002
Collagenase was injected into the Achilles tendon of both hind legs of 10 clinically normal adult male New Zealand white rabbits. One month after induction of the injury, beta-aminoproprionitrile (BAPN) or hyaluronic acid (HA) was injected into the tendon core of the right hind leg of each rabbit, the left ...
Wardas Maria - - 2002
In this study, we investigated persons exposed to high and low air pollution caused by metals. This investigation was done against the background of changes in the connective tissue of palatine tonsils. We evaluated the qualitative and quantitative composition of glycosoaminoglycans (GAG) isolated from palatine tonsils. GAGs were separated by ...
Rees Sarah G - - 2002
Proteoglycans and their spatial arms, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), are known to interact with hydroxyapatite (HAP) and have been implicated as important modulators of mineralisation. In the present study isotherm data (0.02 M sodium acetate, pH 6.8) revealed that the iduronic-rich GAGs heparan sulphate, heparin and dermatan sulphate showed greater binding onto ...
Ohtani Susumu - - 2002
Age estimation has been often performed based on the rate of aspartic acid racemization using bones. In this study, we investigated various kinds of bone and a cartilage for suitability to estimate age by racemization. Ten male cadavers aged 22 to 77 years at death were selected, and bone specimens ...
Farrington M - - 2002
This is the second in a series of papers that report experiments to investigate the properties required for effective tissue valve implants. This paper is concerned with investigations into alternative antimicrobial treatments and the effect these treatments produce on the structural and biomechanical properties of ovine aortic valves. Six treatments ...
Zaia J - - 2001
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan consisting of repeating uronic acid, N-acetylgalactosamine sulfate disaccharide units [-UroA(beta1,3)-GalNAcS(beta1,4)]n. Chondroitin sulfate type A (CSA) contains glucuronic acid, and 90% of the GalNAc residues are sulfated at the 4-position with 10% at the 6-position. Chondroitin sulfate type C (CSC) contains glucuronic acid, and 90% ...
Jeong J - - 2001
Acharan sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG), having the structure -->4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose(1-->4)-2-sulfo-alpha-L-idopyranosyluronic acid (1-->, isolated from the body of the giant African snail Achatina fulica. This GAG represents 3-5% of the dry weight of this snail's soft body tissues. Frozen sections and polyester wax sections of the snail's body were stained by ...
Srivastava A K - - 2001
Clinical studies have shown that measurements of urine concentration of degradation products of C-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen provide a selective marker to assess bone resorption. Assays for C-telopeptide fragments have been described using antibodies generated against an eight amino acid synthetic peptide EKAHDGGR. In this study, we describe ...
Miralles G - - 2001
Studies are underway to design biosystems containing embedded chondrocytes to fill osteochondral defects and to produce a tissue close to native cartilage. In the present report, a new alginate three-dimensional support for chondrocyte culture is described. A sodium alginate solution, with or without hyaluronic acid (HA), was freeze-dried to obtain ...
Zaia J - - 2001
Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is an acidic 301 amino acid protein expressed by osteoblasts and at a low level by hypertrophic chondrocytes. Its expression is highest during early stages of bone formation, and it is particularly abundant in the cells lining the surface of newly formed trabeculae. BSP contains numerous substituents ...
Ritter A V - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of phosphoric acid (PA) and a proprietary glutaraldehyde-HEMA aqueous solution (Gluma Desensitizer; GD) on dentin collagen. Specimens of demineralized bovine dentin collagen were treated with either 37% or 50% PA for 1 or 5 min. An additional set of specimens ...
Naggi A - - 2001
A process to generate glycosaminoglycans with heparin- and heparan sulfate-like sequences from the Escherichia coli K5 capsular polysaccharide is described. This polymer has the same structure as N-acetylheparosan, the precursor in heparin/ heparan sulfate biosynthesis. The process involves chemical N-deacetylation and N-sulfation, enzymatic conversion of up to 60% of the ...
Konttinen Y T - - 2001
Normal bone remodeling and pathological bone destruction have been considered to be osteoclast-driven. Osteoclasts are able to attach to bare bone surface and produce an acidic subcellular space. This leads to acid dissolution of hydroxyapatite, allowing cathepsin K to degrade the organic type I collagen-rich osteoid matrix under the acidic ...
Kusano A - - 2001
The inhibitory collagenolytic activity (47-64% inhibition in 0.22-0.24 microM) of fukinolic acid and cimicifugic acids A, B, and C, which are esters of fukiic acid (3',4'-dihydroxybenzyl tartaric acid) was more potent than that (20-37% inhibition in 0.23-0.24 microM) of cimicifugic acids D, E, F, which are esters of pscidic acid ...
Lovekamp J - - 2001
Bioprosthetic heart valves (BPHVs) derived from glutaraldehyde-crosslinked porcine aortic valves are frequently used in heart valve replacement surgeries. However, the majority of bioprostheses fail clinically because of calcification and degeneration. We have recently shown that glycosaminoglycan (GAG) loss may be in part responsible for degeneration of glutaraldehyde-crosslinked bioprostheses. In the ...
Lauder R M - - 2001
The chondroitin sulphate (CS) linkage regions have been isolated from human articular cartilage aggrecan (from 10- to 72-year-olds) by chondroitin ABC endolyase digestion and size-exclusion chromatography. Linkage region hexasaccharides have been characterized and their abundance estimated by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography. The basic structure for the CS linkage region oligosaccharides identified ...
Pilin A - - 2001
Among the methods dealing with the age estimation, the evaluation of the ratio of the D-, L- form of the aspartic acid in tissues with a low metabolic turnover is considered to be the most precise. We introduced demineralization of the dentin with 0.5 M EDTA adjusted to pH = ...
Stickel F - - 2001
Hepatic fibrosis in alcoholic liver disease often heralds progression to cirrhosis and, therefore, noninvasive parameters are required for early diagnosis and follow-up. Collagens VI and XIV, procollagen-III-N-propeptide, hyaluronic acid, and active transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) were measured in healthy volunteers, patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, and heavy drinkers without cirrhosis. Noncirrhotic ...
Valla S - - 2001
The sugar residues in most polysaccharides are incorporated as their corresponding monomers during polymerization. Here we summarize the three known exceptions to this rule, involving the biosynthesis of alginate, and the glycosaminoglycans, heparin/heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate. Alginate is synthesized by brown seaweeds and certain bacteria, while glycosaminoglycans are produced ...
De Torres T - - 2001
A linear correlation was established between aspartic acid racemization ratio from cave bear dentine collagen and absolute dating. The high correlation coefficient obtained allowed age calculation through amino acid racemization. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid racemization kinetics have also been explored in dentine from a North American black bear (Ursus ...
Meyer W - - 2001
TEM and SEM application demonstrated that the shift from chondrification to ossification in the developing murine centra from day 15 to day 18 of gestational age is marked by typical structural variations of the extracellular matrix (ECM). During day 15 GA, typical matrix vesicles with crystalline contents appeared, as followed ...
Evers M R - - 2001
We have identified and characterized an N-acetylgalactosamine-4-O-sulfotransferase designated dermatan-4-sulfotransferase-1 (D4ST-1) (GenBank(TM) accession number AF401222) based on its homology to HNK-1 sulfotransferase. The cDNA predicts an open reading frame encoding a type II membrane protein of 376 amino acids with a 43-amino acid cytoplasmic domain and a 316-amino acid luminal domain ...
Zamze S - - 2001
A family of about 20 novel acidic bi- and tri-antennary N-glycans, amounting to almost half those expressed on Bowes melanoma tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) were found to possess Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->, sulfated and sialylated GalNAcbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1--> or sulfated GlcAbeta1--> 3Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1--> antennae, of which those containing sulfated GlcA, depicting the L2/HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope, were preferentially ...
Doukas A G - - 2001
Fluorescence excitation spectroscopy was used to assess cellular turnover in human skin by monitoring changes of endogenous fluorescence. Epidermal proliferation was induced with alpha-hydroxy acids. Commercially available glycolic acid creams (8 and 4% wt/wt concentration) and a vehicle cream (placebo) were applied in a randomized double blinded fashion on subjects' ...
Sohn H - - 2001
We previously demonstrated that periodic H2S production during aerobic continuous culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae resulted in ultradian respiratory oscillation, and that H2S production was dependent on the activity of sulfate uptake and the level of sulfite. To investigate the mechanism of regulation of the sulfate assimilation pathway and of respiratory ...
Fernández-Mosquera D - - 2001
Palaeoclimatic data that can be extracted from the isotopic signatures of delta13C and delta15N, which are found in fossil bone collagen, should be analysed according to the specific metabolism of each species. Although Ursus spelaeus is an extinct species, its metabolism is assimilated to current, closely related species of bear. ...
Hamadeh M J - - 2001
There is no fully satisfactory method for measuring amino acid catabolism in the nonsteady state that follows normal protein consumption. Because sulfate is the major product of sulfur amino acid catabolism, we tested whether its production can be accurately depicted using simple tracer or nontracer approaches under basal conditions and ...
Mitropoulou T N - - 2001
The type, amount and fine chemical composition of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) present both in human normal myometrium and uterine leiomyoma have been studied. GAGs were fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, isolated by gel-permeation chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B and characterized using electrophoresis in cellulose acetate membranes, specific enzymic treatments and analysis ...
Rong J - - 2001
The interaction of heparan sulfate with different ligand proteins depends on the precise location of O-sulfate groups in the polysaccharide chain. We have previously shown that overexpression in human kidney 293 cells of a mouse mastocytoma 2-O-sulfotransferase (2-OST), previously thought to catalyze the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate to ...
Conrad H E - - 2001
Proteoglycans can be metabolically labeled with [3H]glucosamine to incorporate label into glucosamine and galactosamine. Glycosaminoglycans can be released from the proteoglycans and the distribution of labeled glucosamine and galactosamine in the isolated glycosaminoglycans can be determined. A series of acid treatments yields a mixture of disaccharides (uronosyl-anhydro sugars), free uronic ...
Bernstein E F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Chronic solar irradiation results in both morphologic and functional changes in affected skin. alpha-hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid, have been shown to improve photodamaged skin. OBJECTIVE: To investigate alterations in collagen gene induction and epidermal and dermal hyaluronic acid production as a result of administered glycolic acid. METHODS: ...
Nakano T - - 2001
The objectives of this study were to analyze glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and mineral composition in the chicken eggshell. Eggshells were decalcified with acetic acid, and GAG was extracted from the decalcified shell by digestion with papain. The eggshell contained an average of 0.024% of its dry weight as uronic acid, a ...
Conrad H E - - 2001
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are made up of disaccharide units that are distinguished from each other by the monosaccharide units of which they are composed and by the degree and position of sulfation. These disaccharide units represent the monomeric units of the GAG; thus, measurement of the disaccharide composition of a GAG ...
Nishiyama N - - 2001
Previously, we reported that the strength of the interaction between N-methacryloyl-omega-amino acid (NMomegaA) primers and dentinal collagen exhibited a strong correlation with the bond strength of the resin to etched dentin. To determine the pertinent functional groups of the amino acid residues in the dentinal collagen, to which the amide ...
Matsuya H - - 2001
After partial hepatectomy, the liver is capable of complete restoration to its normal size. The extracellular matrix, which surrounds the cells, plays important roles in this regeneration. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which are components of the extracellular matrix, interact with several other matrix components and growth factors, and are involved in hepatocyte ...
Umeda H - - 2001
Isolation and structure analysis of two amino acids from bovine ligamentum nuchae elastin hydrolysates revealed the presence of pyridine cross-links in elastin. The structures of these amino acids were determined to have 3,4,5- and 2,3,5-trisubstituted pyridine skeletons both with three carboxylic acids and a mass of 396 (C(18)H(28)N(4)0(6)) identified as ...
Yukawa M - - 2001
Three types of small proteoglycan were purified from human spinal ligaments by ultracentrifugation, ion-exchange chromatography, gel-chromatography, and hydrophobic chromatography. Two of them were identified as decorin and biglycan, and the other was thought to be a decorin-subtype. Molecular sizes of decorin and decorin-subtype were both 85 kDa, and that of ...
Scocco P - - 2001
This work aimed to characterize the complex carbohydrates in the duodenum of fetal and adult fallow deer. The proximal parts of the duodenum were removed from the intestine of 12- and 16-week-old fetuses and of adult fallow deer. Sections were assessed by conventional carbohydrate histochemistry combined with glycosidase digestions and ...
Milchevsky J V - - 2001
The purpose of the work was to investigate at the molecular structural and energy levels the consequence of amino acid substitutions in collagen that cause systemic diseases. The data have been systematized on defects in human collagen III, and the patterns of single-nucleotide polymorphisms collected. Then molecular mechanics calculations were ...
Downs-Kelly E - - 2000
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID (MPS IIID) is a lysosomal storage disorder resulting from lack of activity of the lysosomal hydrolase N-acetylglucosamine 6-sulfatase (6S) (EC 3.1.6.14). The syndrome is associated with systemic and central nervous system (CNS) heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan (HS-GAG) accumulation, secondary storage of lipids, and severe, progressive dementia. In this ...
Heikkinen J - - 2000
Lysyl hydroxylase (EC ) and glucosyltransferase (EC ) are enzymes involved in post-translational modifications during collagen biosynthesis. We reveal in this paper that the protein produced by the cDNA for human lysyl hydroxylase isoform 3 (LH3) has both lysyl hydroxylase and glucosyltransferase (GGT) activities. The other known lysyl hydroxylase isoforms, ...
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