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Results 251 - 300 of 1492
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Michelsen Rebecca R - - 2006
The solubility of gas-phase ethanol (ethyl alcohol, CH3CH2OH, EtOH) in aqueous sulfuric acid solutions was measured in a Knudsen cell reactor over ranges of temperature (209-237 K) and acid composition (39-76 wt % H2SO4). Ethanol is very soluble under these conditions: effective Henry's law coefficients, H, range from 4 x ...
Haneke Eckart - - 2006
Fillers are an important tool in the armamentarium of the physician combating aging phenomena. A wide variety of filler substances are now available that meet many, but by far not all, needs in aesthetic medicine. The most commonly used substances now are hyaluronic acid and collagen preparations that have slightly ...
Jim Susan - - 2006
The diets of laboratory rats were isotopically and nutritionally manipulated using purified C3 and/or C4 macronutrients to investigate the routing of dietary carbon to bone collagen biosynthesis. Diets were formulated with purified proteins, carbohydrates and lipids of defined composition and natural abundance stable isotope ratios. Bulk protein and constituent amino ...
Matsumoto Takuya - - 2006
Non-collagenous proteins in hard tissue matrix are thought to play a pivotal role in regulating the crystal growth of hydroxyapatite (HAp). As most non-collagenous proteins are acidic proteins containing acidic amino acid-rich sequences, we examined the growth of HAp crystals from HAp seed crystals in the presence/absence of acidic amino ...
Duong H S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Keloid pathogenesis involves an altered balance of extracellular matrix metabolism, mainly accumulation of type I collagen. This could be due to excessive synthesis or decreased degradation of matrix, or a combination of both processes. Prolidase, an imidodipeptide-cleaving cytosolic enzyme, plays an important role in the collagen catabolic process by ...
Langrock T - - 2006
Collagens form a common family of triple-helical proteins classified in 21 types. This unique structure is further stabilized by specific hydroxylation of distinct lysyl and prolyl residues forming 5-hydroxylysine and hydroxyproline (Hyp) isomers, mostly 4-trans and 3-trans-Hyp. The molecular distribution of the Hyp-isomers among the different collagen types is still ...
Lin Yung-Kai - - 2007
The authors have developed novel hyaluronic acid (HA)-collagen sponge materials (HACSMs) composed of various ratios of bird feet (BF) and pig skin (PS) collagen that are fabricated employing a combination of freezing, lyophilizing, and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDC) crosslinking methods. Morphology, swelling ratio, resistance to collagenase, thermal stability, tensile strength, and free ...
Feyerabend Thorsten B - - 2006
Biosynthesis of heparin, a mast cell-derived glycosaminoglycan with widespread importance in medicine, has not been fully elucidated. In biosynthesis of heparan sulfate (HS), a structurally related polysaccharide, HS glucuronyl C5-epimerase (Hsepi) converts D-glucuronic acid (GlcA) to L-iduronic acid (IdoA) residues. We have generated Hsepi-null mouse mutant mast cells, and we ...
Volpi Nicola - - 2006
Complex polysaccharides, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), are a class of ubiquitous macromolecules exhibiting a wide range of biological functions. They are widely distributed as sidechains of proteoglycans (PGs) in the extracellular matrix and at cellular level. The recent emergence of enhanced analytical tools for their study has triggered a virtual explosion in ...
Sumita Yoshinori - - 2006
Tooth structure can be regenerated by seeding dissociated tooth cells onto polyglycolic acid fiber mesh, although the success rate of tooth production is low. The present study was designed to compare the performance of collagen sponge with polyglycolic acid fiber mesh as a 3-D scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering. Porcine third ...
Maccarana Marco - - 2006
We identified the gene encoding chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase (EC 5.1.3.19) that converts D-glucuronic acid to L-iduronic acid residues in dermatan sulfate biosynthesis. The enzyme was solubilized from bovine spleen, and an approximately 43,000-fold purified preparation containing a major 89-kDa candidate component was subjected to mass spectrometry analysis of tryptic peptides. SART2 ...
Hitchcock Alicia M AM Department of Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine, 670 Albany Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, - - 2006
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan consisting of repeating uronic acid, N-acetylgalactosamine disaccharide units {[HexAbeta/alpha(1-3)GalNAcbeta(1-4)](n)()}. CS chains are polydisperse with respect to chain length, sulfate content, and glucuronic acid epimerization content, resulting in a distribution of glycoforms for a chain bound to any given serine residue. Usually, CS glycoforms exist, ...
Inan Sevinc - - 2006
Use of alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) to ameliorate specific dermatological problems with keratinization has become fairly widespread. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the AHA derivative of glycolic acid, applied in different dosages, on rat skin using light and electron microscopy. Skin biopsies were taken ...
Makovitzky Josef - - 2006
Chemical and biochemical analysis of isolated amyloid fibrils reveals the presence of different classes of proteins which are often related to distinct clinical forms of amyloidosis and are useful to classify the amyloid deposits. In this study, enzymatic digestions using hyaluronidase, chondroitinase AC and B, neuraminidase, and chemical extractions using ...
Redwan El-Rashdy M - - 2006
To date, animal derived therapeutic antibodies represent the best and only choice source of antitoxins, especially in developing countries. Furthermore, this industry needs to develop a production protocol to achieve safer products. Recently, several laboratories changed their production protocol from ammonium sulfate (AS) protocol to caprylic acid (CA) fractionation. Our ...
Souza-Fernandes Alba B - - 2006
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a significant role in the mechanical behaviour of the lung parenchyma. The ECM is composed of a three-dimensional fibre mesh that is filled with various macromolecules, among which are the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). GAGs are long, linear and highly charged heterogeneous polysaccharides that are composed of ...
Fuller Maria - - 2006
Within cells, dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS) are degraded in two steps. The initial endohydrolysis of these polysaccharides is followed by the sequential action of lysosomal exoenzymes to reduce the resulting oligosaccharides to monosaccharides and inorganic sulfate. Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type II is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by ...
Komanicky Vladimir - - 2005
The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was studied on CO-treated and untreated (111)-(100) nanofaceted platinum surfaces [Komanicky et al. J. Phys. Chem. 2005, 109, 23543] in sulfuric and perchloric acids using the rotating disk electrode technique. Activities of nanofaceted surfaces are found to be considerably higher than a simple average of ...
Duan X - - 2005
Polypropyleneimine octaamine dendrimers were studied as an alternative means of generating highly crosslinked collagen. Crosslinking was effected by using the water-soluble carbodiimide 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC). The multifunctional dendrimers were introduced as novel crosslinkers after the activation of the carboxylic acid groups of glutamic and aspartic acid residues in ...
Panico A M - - 2005
An important group of non steroidal antinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have been used for the symptomatic treatment of various forms of arthritis, are the 2-arylpropionic acid derivatives, 'profens'. By virtue of a chiral carbon atom on the propionic acid side chain, they exist as enantiomeric pairs. Whereas the S (+) ...
Davidova Irene A - - 2005
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to study the metabolism of deuterated n-alkanes (C6 to C12) and 1-13C-labeled n-hexane by a highly enriched sulfate-reducing bacterial culture. All substrates were activated via fumarate addition to form the corresponding alkylsuccinic acid derivatives as transient metabolites. Formation of d14-hexylsuccinic ...
Klose B S - - 2005
Sulfated zirconia (SZ) and sulfated zirconia promoted with 2 wt % manganese (MnSZ) or iron (FeSZ), all active in n-butane isomerization, were investigated using diffuse reflectance Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (DRIFTS). By adsorption of H(2) at 77 K or of n-butane at room temperature, it was found that the promoters ...
Cervantes-Laurean Daniel - - 2006
Several lines of evidence suggest that rutin, flavonoid in fruits and vegetables, or one of its metabolites may effectively modulate advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation. Following ingestion, rutin forms metabolites that include 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (3,4-DHPAA), 3,4-dihydroxytoluene (3,4-DHT), m-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (m-HPAA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (homovanillic acid, HVA) and 3,5,7,3',5'-pentahydroxyflavonol (quercetin). We ...
Nagayasu Toshie - - 2005
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) participates in the morphological transformation of astrocytes (stellation) during the formation of glial scars in injured brains. In the current study, we used quantitative morphometric analysis to investigate the structural requirements for heparin's enhancement of FGF-2-induced stellation of cultured cortical astrocytes. Native heparin significantly promoted FGF-2-dependent ...
Oonuki Yoji - - 2005
Various combinations of fluorescent dyes, polyacrylamide gels, and electrophoresis buffers were tested by fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) for the purpose of analyzing sulfated and nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) oligosaccharides in which disaccharides and low-molecular weight oligosaccharides were included. A nonionic fluorescent dye was found to be suitable for analyzing sulfated disaccharides ...
Wu Zhengliang L - - 2005
The reducing end of heparan sulfate has been known for a long time, but information on the non-reducing end has been lacking. Recent studies indicate that the non-reducing end of heparan sulfate might be the place where fibroblast growth factor signaling complex forms. The non-reducing end also changes with heparanase ...
Rao S R - - 2006
Resource recovery from two metallurgical residues by flotation was investigated applying an electrostatic model to select initial conditions. The first, a sulphation roast/water leach residue, was processed to float lead sulphate, comparing dodecylamine and xanthate collectors. From the second, a neutralization residue, gypsum, was recovered by reverse flotation of ferric ...
Morales Teresita A - - 2005
The microbial population of a sludge amended leaf compost material utilized for treatment of artificial acid mine drainage was studied by culture-independent molecular methods. Iron-rich and sulfurous wastewater (artificial acid mine drainage) was circulated through a column bioreactor for 16 months. After 12 months the column was inoculated with a ...
Salchert K - - 2005
Fibrillar collagen was reconstituted from mixtures of monomeric tropocollagen and heparin or hyaluronic acid, respectively. Turbidity measurements were utilized to follow the fibrillar assembly and demonstrated the influence of the concentration of the glycosaminoglycan on the maximum optical densities. Thin film coatings of maleic anhydride copolymers were utilized for the ...
Pinheiro M C - - 2005
During pregnancy, an interpubic ligament is formed in the mouse pubic symphysis. In late stages, this ligament undergoes "relaxation" to allow proper delivery, which is expected on the 19th day. Proteoglycans and hyaluronic acid play an important role in the remodeling of the extracellular matrix in these tissues. Glycosaminoglycans and ...
Wu An-Tai - - 2005
Treatment of alpha-NeuAc-(2-->8)-NeuAc (1) with SO3-pyridine (4 equiv) in DMF resulted in selective 9-O-sulfation on the nonreducing end residue and the formation of an inter-residual delta-lactone. The lactonization could result from the C-2 carboxylic acid of the nonreducing residue condensing with the hydroxyl group or/and sulfated group at C-9 of ...
Yoo Hyuk Sang - - 2005
Hyaluronic acid (hyaluronan, HA) was immobilized onto the surface of macroporous biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) [PLGA] scaffolds to enhance the attachment, proliferation, and differentiation of chondrocytes for cartilage tissue engineering. The PLGA scaffolds were prepared by blending PLGA with varying amounts of amine-terminated PLGA-PEG di-block copolymer. They were fabricated by ...
Johansson Jan A - - 2005
We have used a novel polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) coating consisting of the polyelectrolytes collagen and hyaluronic acid. The build-up by the layer-by-layer deposition technique is outlined by ex situ and in situ ellipsometric measurements. When collagen was added, the thickness of the PEM was increased, and the refractive index was ...
Lee Jong-Hee - - 2005
We have shown previously that the C-terminal region of the extracellular metalloprotease of Vibrio mimicus (VMC) is essential for collagenase activity. Here, we demonstrate that deletion of 100 amino acids, but not 67 amino acids, from the C-terminus of the intact VMC protein (VMC61) abolished the collagenase activity. The intervening ...
Volpi Nicola - - 2005
A new discontinuous agarose-gel electrophoresis in 0.05 M HCl/0.04 M barium acetate combined with the highly sensitive visualization technique using toluidine blue/Stains-All has been developed for the simultaneous assaying of hyaluronic acid (HA) and dermatan sulfate (DS) with a detection limit at submicrogram level greater than other conventional procedures. Furthermore, ...
Shiang Fu Q - - 2005
The effect of respiratory conditions and priming compound on dechlorination patterns of heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (HpCDD) was investigated using estuarine sediment-eluted cultures in the presence and absence of 20 mM sulfate, and 0.2 microM 2-bromodibenzo-p-dioxin (2-BrDD) as a priming compound. Electron balance calculations based on fatty acid turnover, hydrogen production, and electron ...
Tingbø Monica G - - 2005
Two species of commercially important cold water fish were investigated for content of sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in muscle tissue by use of in vivo 35S-sulfate labeling combined with different digestions (papain, chondroitinase ABC, keratanase and nitrous acid treatment), DEAE chromatography, SDS-PAGE and histology techniques. The species investigated in this study ...
Vogel K G - - 2005
Mid-substance fibrocartilage develops in bovine deep flexor tendon at the point where the tendon wraps under sesamoid bones of the foot and receives transverse compressive loading during locomotion. Fibrocartilage extends several millimeters into the tendon at this location and the proteoglycan-rich tissue stains intensely with Alcian blue. Using histochemical techniques ...
Ha Young Wan - - 2005
The antler is the most rapidly growing tissue in the animal kingdom. According to previous reports, antler glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) consist of all kinds GAGs except for heparan sulfate (HS). Chondroitin sulfate is the major antler GAG component comprising 88% of the total uronic acid content. In the current study, we ...
Suh Kahp Y - - 2005
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has a number of potential biomedical applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering. For these applications, a prerequisite is to understand the characteristic of HA films directly immobilized to solid substrates. Here, we demonstrate that high molecular weight HA can be directly immobilized onto hydrophilic substrates without ...
Paw┼éowska-Góral Katarzyna - - 2005
CONCLUSION: The qualitative and quantitative compositions of GAGs were comparable in all the polyps examined. OBJECTIVE: Glycosoaminoglycans (GAGs) are an integral component of proteoglycans, which are constituents of connective tissue. The qualitative and quantitative compositions of GAGs occurring in proteoglycans determine their biological role. In this work, individual fractions of ...
Robert A M - - 2005
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) as hyaluronan and proteoglycans (PG) as dermatan sulfate (DSPG) and keratan sulfate (KSPG) play important role in the structure and physiological functions of cornea. Several corneal pathologies are associated with qualitative and quantitative alterations of GAG and/or PG biosynthesis. For these reasons we investigated the effect of procyanidolic ...
McCullagh James S O - - 2005
The reconstruction of ancient diets using isotopic measurements of bone collagen, and other tissues, which survive in archaeological contexts, relies on known isotopic relationships between diet and body tissues. Examination of these relationships often requires the study of modern human and animal subjects. While hair keratin can act as a ...
Engelmayr George C GC - - 2005
Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV) are being investigated as an alternative to current non-viable prosthetic valves and valved conduits. Studies suggest that pulse duplicator bioreactors can stimulate TEHV development. In the current study, a model system was used to determine if cyclic flexure, a major mode of heart valve deformation, ...
Han Bo - - 2005
One of the most visible changes associated with the aging process in humans relates to a progressive thinning of the skin. This results from a decline in both collagen and glycosaminoglycans, as well as from changes in their chemical structure and 3-dimentional organization. Transdermal administration of antioxidants, a -lipoic acid ...
Venien Annie - - 2005
Gelatin is obtained from bones and hides/skin, mainly from cows and pigs using alkaline or acidic processes. The use of bovine gelatin in feed, food, and pharmaceutical products has been restricted by regulatory authorities as a consequence of the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). On the other hand, some ...
Ribel-Madsen S - - 2005
The distribution and amount of collagen in skin from a non-tender-point area from fibromyalgia patients was assessed by quantitative analysis of amino acids and by electron and light microscopy. Skin biopsies were obtained from the front of the thigh of 27 females who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria ...
Eglin David - - 2005
Collagen-silica hybrid materials have been considered for potential biomedical applications. Understanding of the collagen-silica interactions is the key to control hybrids structure and properties. For this purpose, the effect of sodium silicate and sodium chloride addition at two concentrations, 0.83 and 10 mM, on the kinetic of the type I ...
Jia Yi - - 2005
This study investigated mechanisms of altered fibroblast collagen production induced by polyunsaturated fatty acids. 3T3-Swiss fibroblasts were grown in medium containing either eicosapentaenoic or arachidonic acid. The effects of nuclear factor-kappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide on inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, collagen production, and in-vitro wound healing were ...
Lammi Mikko J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test whether there is undersulfation of chondroitin sulfate in osteoarthritic bovine articular cartilage to support the hypothesis that sulfate deficiency is involved with the development of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Cartilage samples from bovine patellae (n = 32) were divided into 3 groups based on their osteoarthritic progression, as assessed ...
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