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Results 251 - 300 of 1478
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Redwan El-Rashdy M - - 2006
To date, animal derived therapeutic antibodies represent the best and only choice source of antitoxins, especially in developing countries. Furthermore, this industry needs to develop a production protocol to achieve safer products. Recently, several laboratories changed their production protocol from ammonium sulfate (AS) protocol to caprylic acid (CA) fractionation. Our ...
Souza-Fernandes Alba B - - 2006
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a significant role in the mechanical behaviour of the lung parenchyma. The ECM is composed of a three-dimensional fibre mesh that is filled with various macromolecules, among which are the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). GAGs are long, linear and highly charged heterogeneous polysaccharides that are composed of ...
Fuller Maria - - 2006
Within cells, dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS) are degraded in two steps. The initial endohydrolysis of these polysaccharides is followed by the sequential action of lysosomal exoenzymes to reduce the resulting oligosaccharides to monosaccharides and inorganic sulfate. Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type II is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by ...
Komanicky Vladimir - - 2005
The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was studied on CO-treated and untreated (111)-(100) nanofaceted platinum surfaces [Komanicky et al. J. Phys. Chem. 2005, 109, 23543] in sulfuric and perchloric acids using the rotating disk electrode technique. Activities of nanofaceted surfaces are found to be considerably higher than a simple average of ...
Duan X - - 2005
Polypropyleneimine octaamine dendrimers were studied as an alternative means of generating highly crosslinked collagen. Crosslinking was effected by using the water-soluble carbodiimide 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC). The multifunctional dendrimers were introduced as novel crosslinkers after the activation of the carboxylic acid groups of glutamic and aspartic acid residues in ...
Panico A M - - 2005
An important group of non steroidal antinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have been used for the symptomatic treatment of various forms of arthritis, are the 2-arylpropionic acid derivatives, 'profens'. By virtue of a chiral carbon atom on the propionic acid side chain, they exist as enantiomeric pairs. Whereas the S (+) ...
Davidova Irene A - - 2005
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to study the metabolism of deuterated n-alkanes (C6 to C12) and 1-13C-labeled n-hexane by a highly enriched sulfate-reducing bacterial culture. All substrates were activated via fumarate addition to form the corresponding alkylsuccinic acid derivatives as transient metabolites. Formation of d14-hexylsuccinic ...
Klose B S - - 2005
Sulfated zirconia (SZ) and sulfated zirconia promoted with 2 wt % manganese (MnSZ) or iron (FeSZ), all active in n-butane isomerization, were investigated using diffuse reflectance Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (DRIFTS). By adsorption of H(2) at 77 K or of n-butane at room temperature, it was found that the promoters ...
Cervantes-Laurean Daniel - - 2006
Several lines of evidence suggest that rutin, flavonoid in fruits and vegetables, or one of its metabolites may effectively modulate advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation. Following ingestion, rutin forms metabolites that include 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (3,4-DHPAA), 3,4-dihydroxytoluene (3,4-DHT), m-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (m-HPAA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (homovanillic acid, HVA) and 3,5,7,3',5'-pentahydroxyflavonol (quercetin). We ...
Nagayasu Toshie - - 2005
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) participates in the morphological transformation of astrocytes (stellation) during the formation of glial scars in injured brains. In the current study, we used quantitative morphometric analysis to investigate the structural requirements for heparin's enhancement of FGF-2-induced stellation of cultured cortical astrocytes. Native heparin significantly promoted FGF-2-dependent ...
Oonuki Yoji - - 2005
Various combinations of fluorescent dyes, polyacrylamide gels, and electrophoresis buffers were tested by fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) for the purpose of analyzing sulfated and nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) oligosaccharides in which disaccharides and low-molecular weight oligosaccharides were included. A nonionic fluorescent dye was found to be suitable for analyzing sulfated disaccharides ...
Wu Zhengliang L - - 2005
The reducing end of heparan sulfate has been known for a long time, but information on the non-reducing end has been lacking. Recent studies indicate that the non-reducing end of heparan sulfate might be the place where fibroblast growth factor signaling complex forms. The non-reducing end also changes with heparanase ...
Rao S R - - 2006
Resource recovery from two metallurgical residues by flotation was investigated applying an electrostatic model to select initial conditions. The first, a sulphation roast/water leach residue, was processed to float lead sulphate, comparing dodecylamine and xanthate collectors. From the second, a neutralization residue, gypsum, was recovered by reverse flotation of ferric ...
Morales Teresita A - - 2005
The microbial population of a sludge amended leaf compost material utilized for treatment of artificial acid mine drainage was studied by culture-independent molecular methods. Iron-rich and sulfurous wastewater (artificial acid mine drainage) was circulated through a column bioreactor for 16 months. After 12 months the column was inoculated with a ...
Salchert K - - 2005
Fibrillar collagen was reconstituted from mixtures of monomeric tropocollagen and heparin or hyaluronic acid, respectively. Turbidity measurements were utilized to follow the fibrillar assembly and demonstrated the influence of the concentration of the glycosaminoglycan on the maximum optical densities. Thin film coatings of maleic anhydride copolymers were utilized for the ...
Pinheiro M C - - 2005
During pregnancy, an interpubic ligament is formed in the mouse pubic symphysis. In late stages, this ligament undergoes "relaxation" to allow proper delivery, which is expected on the 19th day. Proteoglycans and hyaluronic acid play an important role in the remodeling of the extracellular matrix in these tissues. Glycosaminoglycans and ...
Wu An-Tai - - 2005
Treatment of alpha-NeuAc-(2-->8)-NeuAc (1) with SO3-pyridine (4 equiv) in DMF resulted in selective 9-O-sulfation on the nonreducing end residue and the formation of an inter-residual delta-lactone. The lactonization could result from the C-2 carboxylic acid of the nonreducing residue condensing with the hydroxyl group or/and sulfated group at C-9 of ...
Yoo Hyuk Sang - - 2005
Hyaluronic acid (hyaluronan, HA) was immobilized onto the surface of macroporous biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) [PLGA] scaffolds to enhance the attachment, proliferation, and differentiation of chondrocytes for cartilage tissue engineering. The PLGA scaffolds were prepared by blending PLGA with varying amounts of amine-terminated PLGA-PEG di-block copolymer. They were fabricated by ...
Johansson Jan A - - 2005
We have used a novel polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) coating consisting of the polyelectrolytes collagen and hyaluronic acid. The build-up by the layer-by-layer deposition technique is outlined by ex situ and in situ ellipsometric measurements. When collagen was added, the thickness of the PEM was increased, and the refractive index was ...
Lee Jong-Hee - - 2005
We have shown previously that the C-terminal region of the extracellular metalloprotease of Vibrio mimicus (VMC) is essential for collagenase activity. Here, we demonstrate that deletion of 100 amino acids, but not 67 amino acids, from the C-terminus of the intact VMC protein (VMC61) abolished the collagenase activity. The intervening ...
Volpi Nicola - - 2005
A new discontinuous agarose-gel electrophoresis in 0.05 M HCl/0.04 M barium acetate combined with the highly sensitive visualization technique using toluidine blue/Stains-All has been developed for the simultaneous assaying of hyaluronic acid (HA) and dermatan sulfate (DS) with a detection limit at submicrogram level greater than other conventional procedures. Furthermore, ...
Shiang Fu Q - - 2005
The effect of respiratory conditions and priming compound on dechlorination patterns of heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (HpCDD) was investigated using estuarine sediment-eluted cultures in the presence and absence of 20 mM sulfate, and 0.2 microM 2-bromodibenzo-p-dioxin (2-BrDD) as a priming compound. Electron balance calculations based on fatty acid turnover, hydrogen production, and electron ...
Tingbø Monica G - - 2005
Two species of commercially important cold water fish were investigated for content of sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in muscle tissue by use of in vivo 35S-sulfate labeling combined with different digestions (papain, chondroitinase ABC, keratanase and nitrous acid treatment), DEAE chromatography, SDS-PAGE and histology techniques. The species investigated in this study ...
Vogel K G - - 2005
Mid-substance fibrocartilage develops in bovine deep flexor tendon at the point where the tendon wraps under sesamoid bones of the foot and receives transverse compressive loading during locomotion. Fibrocartilage extends several millimeters into the tendon at this location and the proteoglycan-rich tissue stains intensely with Alcian blue. Using histochemical techniques ...
Ha Young Wan - - 2005
The antler is the most rapidly growing tissue in the animal kingdom. According to previous reports, antler glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) consist of all kinds GAGs except for heparan sulfate (HS). Chondroitin sulfate is the major antler GAG component comprising 88% of the total uronic acid content. In the current study, we ...
Suh Kahp Y - - 2005
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has a number of potential biomedical applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering. For these applications, a prerequisite is to understand the characteristic of HA films directly immobilized to solid substrates. Here, we demonstrate that high molecular weight HA can be directly immobilized onto hydrophilic substrates without ...
Paw┼éowska-Góral Katarzyna - - 2005
CONCLUSION: The qualitative and quantitative compositions of GAGs were comparable in all the polyps examined. OBJECTIVE: Glycosoaminoglycans (GAGs) are an integral component of proteoglycans, which are constituents of connective tissue. The qualitative and quantitative compositions of GAGs occurring in proteoglycans determine their biological role. In this work, individual fractions of ...
Robert A M - - 2005
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) as hyaluronan and proteoglycans (PG) as dermatan sulfate (DSPG) and keratan sulfate (KSPG) play important role in the structure and physiological functions of cornea. Several corneal pathologies are associated with qualitative and quantitative alterations of GAG and/or PG biosynthesis. For these reasons we investigated the effect of procyanidolic ...
McCullagh James S O - - 2005
The reconstruction of ancient diets using isotopic measurements of bone collagen, and other tissues, which survive in archaeological contexts, relies on known isotopic relationships between diet and body tissues. Examination of these relationships often requires the study of modern human and animal subjects. While hair keratin can act as a ...
Engelmayr George C GC - - 2005
Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV) are being investigated as an alternative to current non-viable prosthetic valves and valved conduits. Studies suggest that pulse duplicator bioreactors can stimulate TEHV development. In the current study, a model system was used to determine if cyclic flexure, a major mode of heart valve deformation, ...
Han Bo - - 2005
One of the most visible changes associated with the aging process in humans relates to a progressive thinning of the skin. This results from a decline in both collagen and glycosaminoglycans, as well as from changes in their chemical structure and 3-dimentional organization. Transdermal administration of antioxidants, a -lipoic acid ...
Venien Annie - - 2005
Gelatin is obtained from bones and hides/skin, mainly from cows and pigs using alkaline or acidic processes. The use of bovine gelatin in feed, food, and pharmaceutical products has been restricted by regulatory authorities as a consequence of the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). On the other hand, some ...
Ribel-Madsen S - - 2005
The distribution and amount of collagen in skin from a non-tender-point area from fibromyalgia patients was assessed by quantitative analysis of amino acids and by electron and light microscopy. Skin biopsies were obtained from the front of the thigh of 27 females who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria ...
Eglin David - - 2005
Collagen-silica hybrid materials have been considered for potential biomedical applications. Understanding of the collagen-silica interactions is the key to control hybrids structure and properties. For this purpose, the effect of sodium silicate and sodium chloride addition at two concentrations, 0.83 and 10 mM, on the kinetic of the type I ...
Jia Yi - - 2005
This study investigated mechanisms of altered fibroblast collagen production induced by polyunsaturated fatty acids. 3T3-Swiss fibroblasts were grown in medium containing either eicosapentaenoic or arachidonic acid. The effects of nuclear factor-kappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide on inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, collagen production, and in-vitro wound healing were ...
Lammi Mikko J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test whether there is undersulfation of chondroitin sulfate in osteoarthritic bovine articular cartilage to support the hypothesis that sulfate deficiency is involved with the development of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Cartilage samples from bovine patellae (n = 32) were divided into 3 groups based on their osteoarthritic progression, as assessed ...
Zimmermann Ute S - - 2004
The histological aspects of resorbable heterologous fillers (bovine collagen, acid hyaluronique), autologous fillers (lipofilling, dermis-fat graft), biodegradable fillers (New-Fill), and permanent fillers (silicone, Artecoll, Evolution, Aquamid, DermaLive, DermaDeep, Bioplastique, Paraffin) are described. This article relates the morphological aspect of these materials, the normal tissue reaction after injection, and its chronological ...
Gaspar L J Milton - - 2004
The cosurfactant activity of N-glycinylmaleamic acid (NGMA) in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles has been demonstrated. The complementary techniques of electron spin resonance (ESR) and fluorescence spectroscopy have been used to draw information on hydration index (H), microviscosity (eta), and aggregation number (N) of micellar assemblies. The estimate of the ...
Grimmer J Fredrik - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether rabbit cartilage can be tissue engineered using a polyglycolic acid (PGA) construct composed of PGA mesh, autologous chondrocytes, and alginate covalently linked with the cell adhesion sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD), and to investigate the feasibility of reconstructing tracheal defects using the PGA construct in conjunction with ...
Matsuno Yu-Ki - - 2004
Microchip electrophoresis is a powerful tool for fast analysis of nucleic acids and has expanded its applicability to the analysis of various biological materials including proteins and carbohydrates. Glycosaminoglycans have intrinsic negative charges, and are good targets for electrophoretic analysis. In the present paper, we developed a method to analyze ...
Marshall Thomas - - 2004
We have investigated the effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) upon the response of the Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB) and Pyrogallol Red-molybdate (PRM) protein dye-binding assays to interference from aminoglycosides, ampholytes, detergents, phenothiazines, reducing agents, and miscellaneous substances previously reported to interfere with the assays. The CBB assay was less ...
Comerford Eithne J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess different components of the extracellular matrix with regard to their thermal properties, composition, and turnover in ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments (CCLs) of dogs, compared with components of intact CCLs from a breed predisposed to CCL failure. SAMPLE POPULATION: Ruptured CCLs obtained from 8 dogs of breeds predisposed ...
Webb James R - - 2004
Streamwater composition data obtained through periodic sampling of streams that support brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the mountains of western Virginia were examined for evidence of recovery from acidification during the 1988-2001 period. Measurements of sulfate deposition in precipitation indicate that sulfate deposition in the region declined approximately 40% between ...
Bairati A - - 2004
Collagen fibrils from the dermis of Sepia officinalis were processed for immunoelectron microscopy to reveal reactions to antibodies against mammalian types I, III, and V, teleost type I and cephalopod type I-like collagens, by single and double immunogold localization. The fibrils were observed: (a) in suspensions of prepared fibrils, (b) ...
Kim Mihwan - - 2004
A Bacillus vietnamensis metalloprotease (BVMP) with high affinity toward collagen was isolated and purified from the culture supernatant of Bacillus vietnamensis 11-4 occurring in Vietnamese fish sauces. The BVMP gene was cloned and its nucleotide and coded amino acid sequences determined. BVMP consists of 547 amino acid residues, with the ...
Salchert Katrin - - 2004
The reconstitution of fibrillar collagen and its assemblies with heparin and hyaluronic acid was studied in vitro. Fibril formation kinetics were analyzed by turbidity and depletion measurements in solutions containing varied concentrations of collagen and glycosaminoglycans. Fibril-forming collagen solutions were further applied for the coating of planar substrates which had ...
Ma Lie - - 2004
Collagen porous scaffolds have been widely employed as a dermal equivalent to induce fibroblasts infiltration and dermal regeneration. To eliminate the disadvantageous drawback of the fast degradation speed, a cross-linking method was adopted by using a water-soluble carbodiimide, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDAC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) in the presence of amino acids (glycin, ...
Tongwen Xu - - 2004
The results of the development of the industrial diffusion dialysis technology and the unit based on it for sulfate acid recovery from nickel electrolysis waste have been considered. Unlike most acid recovery systems, this system has a relatively low acid concentration and the main aim is to recover both nickel ...
Zhang Renyi - - 2004
Atmospheric aerosols often contain a substantial fraction of organic matter, but the role of organic compounds in new nanometer-sized particle formation is highly uncertain. Laboratory experiments show that nucleation of sulfuric acid is considerably enhanced in the presence of aromatic acids. Theoretical calculations identify the formation of an unusually stable ...
Angele Peter - - 2004
Collagen-based scaffolds are appealing products for the repair of cartilage defects using tissue engineering strategies. The present study investigated the species-related differences of collagen scaffolds with and without 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)/N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-crosslinking. Resistance against collagenase digestion, swelling ratio, amino acid sequence, shrinkage temperature, ultrastructural matrix morphology, crosslinking density and ...
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