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Results 201 - 250 of 1492
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Russell Scott M - - 2008
A study was conducted to determine if an acidic, copper sulfate-based commercial sanitizer evolves into surrounding air when introduced in a commercial poultry scalder. Two identical slaughter lines in a large poultry processing plant were used. One scalder was dosed with the sanitizer, and the other one was not. Four ...
Ratanavaraporn Juthamas - - 2008
Different acid types, hydrochloric acid and acetic acid, were used to prepare collagen solutions. The effects of acid types on physical and biological properties of collagen scaffolds were investigated. The collagen solution prepared with hydrochloric acid (C-HCl) was much more viscous than that prepared with acetic acid (C-Acetic). The conformation ...
Treuel L - - 2008
The deliquescence relative humidities (DRH) of ammonium sulfate as well as ammonium sulfate/dicarboxylic acid (glutaric, maleic and tartaric) mixtures as a function of temperature and relative composition have been studied using an electrodynamic balance (EDB) in connection with optical microscopy and Mie scattering. The absolute DRH values for pure ammonium ...
Toohey John I - - 2008
Hyperhomocysteinemia causes connective tissue pathology. Several theories on the mechanism of homocysteine toxicity in connective tissue are reviewed briefly. A possible new mechanism was revealed recently in the discovery of a reaction in which homocysteine thiolactone is converted to mercaptopropionaldehyde. The reaction is the Strecker degradation of amino acids in ...
Bruyère Olivier O WHO Collaborating Center for the Public Health Aspect of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Liege, Belgium. - - 2008
Symptomatic slow-acting drugs (SYSADOA) have been largely studied over the last decade. The objective of this study is to prepare a document providing recommendations for the use of SYSADOA in osteoarthritis (OA). The following interventions were taken into consideration: avocado/soybean unsaponifiables, chondroitin sulfate, diacereine, glucosamine sulfate, hyaluronic acid, oral calcitonin, ...
Menter Julian M - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fluorescence of Skh-1 hairless mouse and calf skin acid-soluble type I collagens are envelopes of several bands putatively due to tyrosine (excitation/emission peak at 275/300 nm), dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa; 280/325 nm), tyrosine aggregate (285/360 nm), dityrosine 325/400 nm), and advanced glycation end (AGE) product (370/450 nm), respectively. As these fluorophores ...
Amadeu Thaís P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule synthesized during wound repair. Studies have reported the use of NO donors on cutaneous wound repair, but their effects in different phases of healing are still not elucidated. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of topical application of ...
Tay Franklin R - - 2008
Biomineralisation is a well-regulated process mediated by extracellular matrix proteins. Biomimetic remineralisation strategies should reproduce the dimension and structural hierarchy of apatite deposits within a demineralised collagen matrix. Interfibrillar and intrafibrillar remineralisation of phosphoric acid-etched human dentine was demonstrated in this study using a Portland cement/phosphate-containing fluid system in the ...
Wang Aijie - - 2008
Sulfate reduction in a continuous flow, acidogenic reactor using molasses wastewater as the carbon source was studied at varying chemical oxygen demand/sulfate (COD/SO4(2-)) ratios. At a critical COD/SO4(2-) ratio of 2.7, neither COD nor sulfate were in excess for extra production of ethanol or acetate in the reactor. An acetic-type ...
Zhang Fenfen - - 2008
The stonelike otoliths from the ears of fish consist of calcium carbonate crystallites embedded in an organic matrix framework. The organic matrix has long been known to play a pivotal role in the biomineralization of otoliths, and different methods have been used to conduct investigations on it. A new sensitive ...
Gauba Varun - - 2007
Type I collagen is a major component of skin, tendon, and ligament and forms more than 90% of bone mass. It is an AAB heterotrimer assembled from two identical alpha1 and one alpha2 chains. However, the majority of studies on the effects of amino acid substitution on triple helix stability ...
Luo Yan E - - 2008
Metabolic flux distributions of recombinant Escherichia coli BL21 expressing human-like collagen were determined by means of a stoichiometric network and metabolic balancing. At the batch growth stage, the fluxes of the pentose phosphate pathway were higher than the fluxes of the fed-batch growth phase and the production stage. After the ...
Blanchard Charles L - - 2007
Two thermodynamic equilibrium models were applied to estimate changes in mean airborne fine particle (PM2.5) mass concentrations that could result from changes in ambient concentrations of sulfate, nitric acid, or ammonia in the southeastern United States, the midwestern United States, and central California. Pronounced regional differences were found. Southeastern sites ...
Cheng Man-Ting - - 2007
Measurements of atmospheric fine aerosols, acidic gases and ammonia were made at National Chung Hsing University (Urban) and Huisun forest area (Forest) sites in central Taiwan region during October (highest ozone month). Annular Denuder System (ADS) was used for sampling gaseous (nitrous acid, nitric acid, sulfur dioxide and ammonia) and ...
Davis Alexander C - - 2007
Large-scale column experiments were carried out over a period of 545 days to assess the effect of increasing acidity on bacterial denitrification, sulfate reduction, and metal(loid) bioprecipitation in groundwater affected by acid mine drainage. At a groundwater pH of 5.5, denitrification and Cu2+ removal, probably via malachite (Cu2(OH)2CO3) precipitation, were ...
Wang L - - 2007
To make more effective use of underutilized resources, acid-solubilized collagen (ASC) and pepsin-solubilized collagen (PSC) were isolated from the skin of deep-sea redfish (Sebastes mentella) and characterized for their potential in commercial applications. The yield of ASC (47.5%) was lower compared to PSC (92.2%), but the purity of ASC was ...
Saito Hirofumi - - 2008
We have developed a naturally-derived crosslinker named malic acid derivative (MAD). In the present study, we prepared alkali-treated collagen (AlCol) gels with different crosslinkers including MAD and commercially available crosslinkers such as 1-ethyl-3-(3('-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and glutaraldehyde (GA). There are named as AlCol-MAD, AlCol-EDC, and AlCol-GA. We then compared their ...
Ng K W - - 2008
Increased amino acid supplementation (0.5 x, 1.0 x, and 5.0 x recommended concentrations or additional proline) was hypothesized to increase the collagen content in engineered cartilage. No significant differences were found between groups in matrix content or dynamic modulus. Control constructs possessed the highest compressive Young's modulus on day 42. ...
Kline Kathleen M - - 2007
In this study we report on changes in the magnitude and mechanisms of episodic acidification of a small acid-sensitive stream in western Maryland (U.S.) during the 1990s, a period in which wet sulfate deposition declined by 10-25% due to implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990. We ...
Ahn Hyun Hee - - 2007
Native small intestinal submucosa (SIS) sheet was prepared by removal of inside and outside layer of porcine jejunum. The acid treated SIS sheet was also prepared by dipping of native SIS sheet in acetic acid solution. The native or acid treated SIS sheets exhibited elastic and soft property on touch. ...
Zhang Zhongkai - - 2007
Some physicochemical properties of calfskin pepsin-solubilized collagen (PSC) and succinylated PSC (SPSC) were compared. The amino acid profile remained significantly unchanged. Sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that subunits of SPSC migrated less than those of PSC. The denaturation temperatures of PSC and SPSC were 38.4 degrees C and 34.7 degrees ...
Savarino Lucia - - 2007
Pharmacologic treatment of osteoarthritis has been confined mostly to analgesic or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs that only modify the symptoms. We asked whether anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid might act as a disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug. We evaluated the in vitro inhibitory effect of anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid on cathepsin B activity and proteoglycan release from cultured ...
Usha R - - 2008
The effect of polyol osmolytes such as erythritol, xylitol and sorbitol on the protection of collagen against guanidine hydrochloride (GdmCl) was studied using circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. Collagen was denatured by various concentrations of GdmCl in the presence of polyols. The absorbance was high for GdmCl treated collagen than ...
Vismara Elena - - 2007
A low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) obtained by a depolymerization process induced by a Fenton-type reagent was characterized in depth by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The depolymerization involves the cleavage of glycosidic bonds, leading to natural terminal reducing end residues, mainly represented by N-sulfated glucosamine (A (NS)). Natural uronic ...
Wildt Signe - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the excretion of the inflammatory and metabolic faecal markers calprotectin, lactoferrin, and short-chain fatty acids in symptomatic and quiescent collagenous colitis. METHODS: Faecal samples from 21 patients with active collagenous colitis, 12 patients retested in remission, and 13 controls were analysed. Calprotectin was determined using an enzyme-linked ...
Borysik A J - - 2007
Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) is a complication of hemodialysis where beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) forms plaques mainly in cartilaginous tissues. The tissue-specific deposition, along with a known intransigence of pure beta2m to form fibrils in vitro at neutral pH in the absence of preformed fibrillar seeds, suggests a role for factors within cartilage ...
Allevi Pietro - - 2007
The paper reports some successful results on the first fully stereoselective total synthesis of the collagen cross-link pyridinolines. All stereogenic centers are stereoselectively introduced using Williams glycine template methodology, and oxazinones are used as a source of chirality and as easily removable protecting groups of the amino acidic functionalities during ...
Wang Huan - - 2007
Proteoglycan modification is essential for development and early cell division in Caenorhabditis elegans. The specification of proteoglycan attachment sites is defined by the Golgi enzyme polypeptide xylosyltransferase. Here we evaluate the substrate specificity of this xylosyltransferase for its downstream targets by using reporter proteins containing proteoglycan modification sites from C. ...
Lewis Stephen - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Changes in intestinal transit rate are also implicated in the etiology of many colonic diseases and strongly influence many metabolic processes in the colon. We set out to investigate whether intestinal transit time could influence the activity of the hydrogen-consuming bacterial flora and sulfate metabolism. METHODS: Normal volunteers underwent ...
Wang Frank - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endogenous synthesis of new extracellular matrix may contribute to the degree and duration of clinical benefits derived from cross-linked hyaluronic acid dermal filler injections. DESIGN: In vivo biochemical analyses after filler injections. SETTING: Academic referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven healthy volunteers (mean age, 74 years) with photodamaged ...
Surratt Jason D - - 2007
Recent work has shown that particle-phase reactions contribute to the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), with enhancements of SOA yields in the presence of acidic seed aerosol. In this study, the chemical composition of SOA from the photooxidations of alpha-pinene and isoprene, in the presence or absence of sulfate ...
Dainese Luca - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The levels and fine structure of complex polysaccharides, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), were determined in segments of the posterior mitral valve leaflet (MVL) taken from 15 patients affected by mitral regurgitation and degenerative disease and were compared with segments from 15 multiorgan donors. METHODS: MVL GAGs were analyzed by agarose gel ...
Hsu Yu-Mei - - 2007
Of the carcinogens listed by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), strong inorganic mists containing sulfuric acid were identified as a known human carcinogen. In this study, aerosol sampling was conducted at 24 locations in eight Florida phosphoric acid and concentrated fertilizer manufacturing plants and two locations as background in Winter ...
Jancár J - - 2007
Mechanical properties of scaffolds seeded with mesenchymal stem cells used for cartilage repair seem to be one of the critical factors in possible joint resurfacing. In this paper, the effect of adding hyaluronic acid, hydroxyapatite nanoparticles or chitosan nanofibers into the cross-linked collagen I on the mechanical response of the ...
Deister Curt - - 2007
Recovery after peripheral nerve injury remains a significant challenge. Extracellular matrix proteins and hydrogels of extracellular matrix components have been shown to improve regeneration in peripheral nerve entubulation models, especially over long distances. The chemical properties, ligand identity and density, and mechanical properties of the hydrogel can affect neurite extension. ...
Tanishima Shinji - - 2007
We investigated the inhibitory mechanism of bone resorption by minodronic acid in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. Four groups of female Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 months, were studied: three groups of collagen-sensitized rats, including one placebo-administered group (CIA-P), and two minodronic acid-administered groups at 0.2 mg/kg/2 day (CIA-BIS) and 2.0 ...
Park Yoo-Sin - - 2007
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that disrupts the collagenous matrix of articular cartilage and is difficult to cure because articular cartilage is a nonvascular tissue. Treatment of OA has targeted macromolecular substitutes for cartilage components, such as hyaluronic acid or genetically engineered materials. However, the goal of the present ...
Reemtsma Thorsten - - 2006
The water-soluble organic fractions of aerosol samples collected in Riverside, CA, in summer 2005 were analyzed by electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS). Elemental compositions of about 1000 molecular species were determined in the range m/z 220-420, and four series of organic compounds were identified, fulvic ...
Krishna Priya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) primed fibroblasts and decorin application on skin and vocal fold fibroblasts in vitro and in vivo in rabbit vocal fold scar model. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Vocal fold and skin fibroblasts underwent five in vitro treatment conditions: control, epidermal growth factor, HGF, both ...
Ruggeri Alessandra A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preservation of structural and biochemical properties of the root dentin matrix is crucial to favor healing and regenerative periodontal processes. Aim of this study was to evaluate the biochemical characteristics of collagen and chondroitin sulphate of root dentin surfaces exposed by periodontal disease after acid conditioning by means of ...
Langrock Tobias - - 2007
Collagens, the most abundant mammalian proteins, contain a high content of hydroxylated amino acids, such as, 3- and 4-cis-/trans-hydroxyproline (Hyp) and 5-hydroxylysine (Hyl). Whereas the global content of 4-Hyp was studied by amino acid analysis, no technique to determine all five hydroxyamino acids simultaneously in collagens has been reported. Here, ...
Pelli A A - - 2007
Glycosaminoglycans from the ventral and dorsal integuments of the anuran Bufo ictericus were characterized based on biochemical and histochemical methods. Dermatan sulfate is the major metachromatic glycosaminoglycan found in these tissues, but small amount of heparan sulfate was also detected. The average molecular mass of the dermatan sulfate is approximately ...
Nakagawa Hiroki - - 2007
Despite their wide occurrence, proteoglycans (PGs) have never been isolated from the saliva of higher animals. We found that the Collocalia glycoproteins isolated from edible birds'-nests (the dried forms of regurgitated saliva of male Collocalia swiftlets) were rich in a PG containing nonsulfated chondroitin glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). We have devised a ...
Pecora Fabio - - 2006
Cytoplasmic sulfate for sulfation reactions may be derived either from extracellular fluids or from catabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids and other thiols. In vitro studies have pointed out the potential relevance of sulfur-containing amino acids as sources for sulfation when extracellular sulfate concentration is low or when its transport is ...
Sedrakyan Sargis - - 2006
In this study, we evaluate a porous polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid (PLGA) polymer in tissue engineering a small hand phalanx. The PLGA polymer was processed with a unique solvent cast/salt-leaching method in the shape of a little finger distal phalanx. An 85% polylactic acid (PLA)/15% polyglycolic acid (PGA) copolymer was determined ...
Matarasso Seth L - - 2006
Bovine collagen was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1982 and since that time has remained a primary filler of choice for soft-tissue augmentation of dermal defects. During the past decade, however, perhaps mirroring the growth and overwhelming acceptance of botulinum toxin for wrinkle reduction, there has been ...
Grotmol Sindre - - 2006
The notochord constitutes the main axial support during the embryonic and larval stages, and the arrangement of collagen fibrils within the notochord sheath is assumed to play a decisive role in determining its functional properties as a fibre-wound hydrostatic skeleton. We have found that during early ontogeny in Atlantic salmon ...
Chow Jing-Dong - - 2007
Incineration of municipal solid wastes (MSW) is the main method of waste management in Taiwan. Although the incineration of MSW processes the solid wastes at 850-950 degrees C and destroys most of the organics, the content of incineration ashes is still a problem for landfill. Moreover, acid precipitation is much ...
Monien Bernhard H - - 2006
Thrombin and factor Xa, two important procoagulant enzymes, have been prime targets for regulation of clotting through the direct and indirect mechanism of inhibition. Our efforts on exploiting the indirect mechanism led us to study a carboxylic acid-based scaffold, which displayed major acceleration in the inhibition of these enzymes [J. ...
Mishra T - - 2006
Sulfate-supported iron-chromium mixed oxide pillared clay was prepared varying the sulfate loading from 1 to 5 wt% by the incipient wetness method and characterized by low-angle XRD, BET surface area, and ammonia TPD. All the samples were found to be stable up to 500 degrees C having the basal spacing ...
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