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Sobota Sylwia - - 2012
Fluorine is a lipophilic element and for this reason lipids play a significant role in the accumulation and metabolism of fluorides in organs and bodily fluids. One of the places where interactions between fluorides and lipids can be observed are bones and antlers of deer. Even though the overall content ...
Monteiro Jessica - - 2012
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have diverse biological effects, from promoting inflammation to preventing cancer and heart disease. Growing evidence suggests that individual PUFA may have independent effects in health and disease. The individual roles of the two essential PUFA, linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA), have been difficult to ...
Manoli Sara E - - 2012
Maternal smoking is a risk factor for pediatric lung disease, including asthma. Animal models suggest that maternal smoking causes defective alveolarization in the offspring. Retinoic acid signaling modulates both lung development and postnatal immune function. Thus, abnormalities in this pathway could mediate maternal smoking effects. We tested whether maternal smoking ...
Matsui Hiroki - - 2012
Mismatch between the uptake and utilization of long-chain fatty acids in the myocardium leads to abnormally high intracellular fatty acid concentration, which ultimately induces myocardial dysfunction. Stearoyl-Coenzyme A desaturase-1 (SCD1) is a rate-limiting enzyme that converts saturated fatty acids (SFAs) to monounsaturated fatty acids. Previous studies have shown that SCD1-deficinent ...
Fidan Evren - - 2012
Bone is a common site of metastasis in patients with breast cancer. Skeletal complications associated with bone metastasis are commonly treated with bisphosphonates. However, there are a number of side-effects associated with these, such as renal failure, hypocalcemia and osteonecrosis of the jaw. We aimed to determine the effects of ...
Gonçalves de Albuquerque Cassiano Felippe - - 2012
Although exerting valuable functions in living organisms, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) can be toxic to cells. Increased blood concentration of oleic acid (OLA) and other fatty acids is detected in many pathological conditions. In sepsis and leptospirosis, high plasma levels of NEFA and low albumin concentrations are correlated to the ...
Ku Bon Jeong - - 2012
The disruption of cholesterol homeostasis leads to an increase in cholesterol levels which results in the development of cardiovascular disease. Mitogen Inducible Gene 6 (Mig-6) is an immediate early response gene that can be induced by various mitogens, stresses, and hormones. To identify the metabolic role of Mig-6 in the ...
Fan Chia-Ming - - 2012
The underlying pathophysiology for bone growth defects in paediatric cancer patients receiving high dose methotrexate chemotherapy remains unclear and currently there are no standardized preventative treatments for patients and survivors. Using a model in young rats, we investigated damaging effects of long-term treatment with methotrexate on growth plate and metaphyseal ...
Janssen Sara - - 2012
Ghrelin is an important regulator of energy--and glucose homeostasis. The octanoylation at Ser(3) is essential for ghrelin's biological effects but the mechanisms involved in the octanoylation are unknown. We investigated whether the gustatory G-protein, α-gustducin, and the free fatty acid receptors GPR40 and GPR120 are involved in the fatty acid ...
Maletinska Lenka - - 2011
Ghrelin, the only known peripherally produced and centrally acting peptide that stimulates food intake, is synthesized primarily in the stomach and acts through the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R1a). In addition to its orexigenic effect, ghrelin stimulates the release of growth hormone (GH). In this study, we investigated the biological ...
Rincon Gonzalo - - 2011
Genes in the sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) pathway play a central role in regulation of milk fat synthesis, especially the de-novo synthesis of saturated fatty acids. SCD, a SREBP-responsive gene, is the key enzyme in the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids in the mammary gland. In the present study, ...
Bourassa Philippe- - - 2011
We located the binding sites of folic acid with milk α- and β-caseins at physiological conditions, using constant protein concentration and various folic acid contents. FTIR, UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopic methods as well as molecular modeling were used to analyse folic acid binding sites, the binding constant and the effect ...
Kang Kihwa - - 2011
Ghrelin is a unique peptide gut hormone that requires post-translational modification to stimulate both feeding and growth hormone release. Ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) was identified as a specific acyl-transferase for ghrelin, and recent genetic deletion studies of the Goat gene (Goat(-/-)) uncovered the role of ghrelin in the regulation of glucose ...
Karlengen I J - - 2011
The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of excess cobalt (Co) on gene expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), fatty acid synthase (FASN), diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2) of lactating dairy cows in relation to milk fatty acid profile. Seven multiparous cows of the Norwegian ...
Zhu Zongjian - - 2011
Background This study investigated the effect of a broad range of dietary ratios of n-3:n-6 fatty acids on mammary gland density (MD) and mammary cancer risk. Methods Cancer was induced in female rats by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. Purified diet that provided 30% of dietary kcal from fat was formulated to contain ratios ...
Nara Takayuki - - 2011
The distribution of sialic acids and antimicrobial products (lysozyme, β-defensin-1, lactoferrin, IgA) in the anal glands of miniature pig was studied by glycoconjugate histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The glandular acini of these glands exhibited considerable amounts of sialoglycoconjugates that terminated in Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc or Siaα2-3Gal1-4GlcNAc, including O-acetylated sialic acids. Additionally, all antimicrobial ...
Novak Elizabeth M - - 2011
Levels of n-6, n-3 and medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) in milk are highly variable. Higher carbohydrate intakes are associated with increased mammary gland MCFA synthesis, but the role of unsaturated fatty acids for milk MCFA secretion is unclear. This study addressed whether n-6 and n-3 fatty acids, which are ...
Manni Andrea - - 2011
Epidemiologic studies on the protective role of omega-3 fatty acids (n:3) on breast cancer prevention remain inconclusive but studies in preclinical models provide more positive outcome. However, the mechanisms accounting for the protective effect of n:3 are not defined. In the present study, conducted in the N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced rat mammary carcinogenesis ...
Louw Stefan - - 2011
In lizards, the epidermal glands of the femoral and precloacal regions are involved in the production of semiochemicals. In addition to its femoral glands, the giant girdled lizard, or sungazer, Cordylus giganteus, which is endemic to South Africa, has generation glands as an additional potential source of semiochemicals. These epidermal ...
Vihma Veera - - 2011
At the end of the last century ideas concerning the physiological role of the steroid fatty acid ester family were emerging. Estrogens, fatty acylated at C-17 hydroxyl group and incorporated in lipoproteins were proposed to provide antioxidative protection to these particles. A large number of studies involving non-estrogenic adrenal steroids, ...
Mach Núria - - 2011
Information about the effects of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) supplementation on the health and integrity of the mammary gland in lactating dairy cows is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of unprotected dietary UFA on the global expression pattern of genes in the mammary ...
Nara T - - 2011
The functional properties of sialic acids appear to be manifold. Additionally, antimicrobial substances serve as a non-specific defense against microorganisms. In this study, therefore, the localization of sialic acids and antimicrobial substances in the anal glands of dog was studied by sialoglycoconjugate histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The secretory epithelium, luminal secretions ...
Hur Sun Jin SJ Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Gyeongnam, Jinju 660-701, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2011
This study examined the effects of oil type and NaCl addition on the micro-structural changes that occur to emulsified lipids as they pass through a model gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by a non-ionic surfactant (Tween 20) were prepared using different kinds of lipids (3% soybean oil, corn oil, ...
Maeda N - - 2011
Chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate proteoglycans are major components of the cell surface and extracellular matrix in the brain. Both chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate are unbranched highly sulfated polysaccharides composed of repeating disaccharide units of glucuronic acid and N-acetylgalactosamine, and glucuronic acid and N-acetylglucosamine, respectively. During their biosynthesis in ...
Chiang Hsiu-Mei - - 2011
UV is a potent factor in skin photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. Therefore, investigating the inhibiting mechanisms of photoaging would be useful to enable development of agents to slow down the aging process. UV-irradiation increased metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -3, and -9 and then causes collagen and elastin degradation, leading to the formation of ...
Agyare Christian - - 2011
Leaves from Phyllanthus muellerianus (Kuntze) Exell. are traditionally used for wound healing in Western Africa. Aqueous extracts of dried leaves recently have been shown to stimulate proliferation of human keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts. Within bioassay-guided fractionation the ellagitannins geraniin (1), corilagin (2), furosin (3), the flavonoids quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucoside (isoquercitrin), kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucoside (astragalin), ...
Heikkinen Jari - - 2011
Lysyl hydroxylases (LH), which catalyze the post-translational modifications of lysines in collagen and collagen-like proteins, function as dimers. However, the amino acids responsible for dimerization and the role of dimer formation in the enzymatic activities of LH have not yet been identified. We have localized the region responsible for the ...
Wernersson Erik - - 2010
Domains rich in cationic amino acids are ubiquitous in peptides with the ability to cross cell membranes, which is likely related to the binding of such polypeptides to anionic groups on the membrane surface. To shed more light on these interactions, we investigated specific interactions between basic amino acids and ...
Monavari Sanam - - 2011
By employing metal salts in dilute-acid pretreatment the severity can be reduced due to reduced activation energy. This study reports on a dilute-acid steam pretreatment of spruce chips by addition of a small amount of ferrous sulfate to the acid catalyst, i.e., either SO2, H2SO3 or H2SO4. The utilization of ...
Nalinanon Sitthipong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Due to the low extraction efficiency of collagen from fish skin by the typical acid solubilization process, pepsin has been widely used to aid further extraction of collagen from the residue. The aim of this study was to characterize collagen from the skin of arabesque greenling extracted with the ...
Ignatov D V - - 2010
We performed a comparative analysis ofMycobacterium aviumtranscriptomes (strain 724R) in infected mice of two different strains- resistant and susceptible to infection. Sets of mycobacterial genes transcribed in lung tissue were defined, and differentially transcribed genes were revealed. Our results indicate thatM. aviumgenes coding for enzymes of the Krebs cycle, oxidative ...
Smeds Emanuel - - 2010
The signaling of various molecules involved in development and regulation of cell growth are regulated by heparan sulfate (HS). Specific binding of HS to ligand proteins depends on the HS sulfation pattern, where the spacing and number of O-sulfate groups are of special importance. HS 2-O-sulfotransferase catalyzes 2-O-sulfation of glucuronic ...
Schiraldi Chiara - - 2010
The production of microbial polysaccharides has recently gained much interest because of their potential biotechnological applications. Several pathogenic bacteria are known to produce capsular polysaccharides, which provide a protection barrier towards harsh environmental conditions, and towards host defences in case of invasive infections. These capsules are often composed of glycosaminoglycan-like ...
Kim Young Kyung YK Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-412, Republic of - - 2010
The complex morphologies of mineralised collagen fibrils are regulated through interactions between the collagen matrix and non-collagenous extracellular proteins. In the present study, polyvinylphosphonic acid, a biomimetic analogue of matrix phosphoproteins, was synthesised and confirmed with FTIR and NMR. Biomimetic mineralisation of reconstituted collagen fibrils devoid of natural non-collagenous proteins ...
Vityazev F V - - 2010
The following pectins were sulfated: bergenan BC (the pectin of Bergenia crassifolia L), lemnan LM (the pectin of Lemna minor L), and galacturonan as a backbone of pectins. Pyridine monomethyl sulfate, pyridine sulfotrioxide, and chlorosulfonic acid were used as reagents for sulfation. Chlorosulfonic acid proved to be the optimal reagent ...
Saito Akihiro - - 2010
The monosaccharide moieties found in heparin (HP) and heparan sulfate (HS), glucosamine and two kinds of uronic acids, glucuronic and iduronic acids, were efficiently synthesized by use of glucosamine hydrochloride and glucurono-6,3-lactone as starting compounds. In the synthesis of the disaccharide building block, the key issues of preparation of uronic ...
Wu Shih-Yun - - 2010
This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial compared the clinical outcomes for a polylactic acid barrier versus a collagen membrane in conjunction with guided tissue regeneration (GTR). Thirty patients with chronic periodontitis and at least one intrabony defect of a minimum 4 mm were enrolled. Following full-mouth scaling, GTR using a ...
Raghavan Maanasa - - 2010
We report a novel method for the chromatographic separation and measurement of stable carbon isotope ratios (delta(13)C) of individual amino acids in hair proteins and bone collagen using the LC-IsoLink system, which interfaces liquid chromatography (LC) with isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). This paper provides baseline separation of 15 and ...
Liang Aiye - - 2010
Heparin (H) and heparan sulfate (HS) play major roles in a number of biological processes. Yet, H/HS-based pharmaceutical agents are also associated with multiple adverse effects. This has led to the concept of designing noncarbohydrate, aromatic mimetics that modulate H/HS function. In this work, we study a library of synthetic, ...
Jackson John K - - 2010
Collagen based cosmetic fillers require repeat treatments due to collagenase derived degradation of the filler in the intradermal injection site. The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibition of this degradation by the galloyl-containing compounds tannic acid, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin gallate (ECG) and gallic acid (GA). A ...
Tagle Jorge M - - 2010
Lipoatrophy is a condition that affects certain individuals, most commonly those who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.(1-3) Injectable fillers are used for the treatment of these dermal contour deformities to smooth dermal depressions formed by the loss of volume. These dermal fillers (also known as soft tissue augmentation ...
Badiu Diana L - - 2010
Wound healing consists of re-epithelialization, contraction and formation of granulation and scar tissue. Amino acids from proteins are involved in these events, but their exact roles are not well understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of some amino acids from two molluscs, Mytilus galloprovincialis (L.) ...
Ehrlich Hermann - - 2010
Control over crystal growth by acidic matrix macromolecules is an important process in the formation of many mineralized tissues. Highly acidic macromolecules are postulated intermediates in tissue mineralization, because they sequester many calcium ions and occur in high concentrations at mineralizing foci in distantly related organisms. A prerequisite for biomineralization ...
Li Kai - - 2010
Heparan sulfate (HS) is involved in essential physiological and pathophysiological functions. HS is a highly sulfated polysaccharide consisting of glucuronic acid (or iduronic acid) linked to glucosamine carrying various sulfo groups. Biosynthesis of HS involves sulfotransferases and an epimerase. The HS C(5)-epimerase converts glucuronic acid to iduronic acid. The method ...
Benjakul Soottawat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fish collagen has been paid increasing attention as an alternative to the mammalian counterpart owing to the abundance of fish skin as a processing by-product. Generally, the low yield of collagen extracted using the typical acid solubilisation process has led to the use of mammalian pepsin as an aid ...
Metreveli Nunu O - - 2010
The influence of deleterious UV radiation on collagen molecules in the absence and presence of ascorbic acid using UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopy has been studied. Intensity of UV-vis absorption spectrum of collagen with a maximum at 275 m due to the aromatic residues (tyrosine and phenylalanine) increases with the increasing ...
Sharrock Patrick - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: 2-Hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) was compared to its epoxy analogue, glycidoxypropylmethacrylate (GMA), for reactivity with 2,6-diaminohexanoic acid (Lysine), an amino acid present in collagen possessing a reactive amino side chain. The aim was to verify whether HEMA could chemically react with collagen fibers. METHODS: Capillary electrophoresis was used to analyse reaction ...
Fabbrocini Gabriella - - 2009
Chemical peeling is becoming increasingly popular for the treatment of skin rejuvenation where it can improve damaged skin and fine wrinkles. The basic procedure aims at obtaining a controlled chemical burn of the epidermis and/or dermis. This results in epidermal regeneration and postinflammatory collagen neoformation with remodeling of collagen and ...
Tejero Ricardo - - 2010
Glucuronic acid (GlcA) and phosphoserine (pS) carrying acidic functional groups were used as model molecules for glycosaminoglycans and phosphoproteins, respectively to mimic effects of native biomolecules and influence the mineralization behaviour of collagen I. Collagen substrates modified with GlcA showed a stable interaction between GlcA and collagen fibrils. Substrates were ...
Vibert Aude - - 2009
Controlled acid hydrolysis of polymeric chondroitin sulfate of bovine origin afforded in good yield a basic disaccharide fragment that was used for the first time as a starting material for the expeditious preparation of a set of building blocks that in turn act as versatile synthons for the efficient and ...
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