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Results 601 - 650 of 1478
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Dung S Z - - 1994
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that both insoluble pure type I collagen from bovine Achilles tendon and dentine collagen in root dentine powder from human teeth required acid pretreatment for subsequent degradation by trypsin, a non-specific protease. Pure type I collagen or dentine powder was ...
Csapó J - - 1994
A method has been developed to determine the age of fossil bone samples based on amino acid racemization (AAR). Approximately one hundred fossil bone samples of known age from Hungary were collected and analysed for D- and L-amino acids. As the racemization of amino acids is affected by temperature, pH, ...
Karamanos N K - - 1994
In this report we describe a very sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of 24 nonsulfated and variously sulfated disaccharides present in chondroitin sulfates, dermatan sulfates, and hyaluronic acid. The method is superior to others in that monosulfated disaccharides at either C-2 or C-3 of the uronic acid ...
Niefind K - - 1994
D-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase (D-HicDH) from Lactobacillus casei is a homodimeric enzyme with a molecular mass of 74.6 kDa. It catalyzes the reduction of a wide range of 2-ketocarboxylic acids to D-2-hydroxycarboxylic acids using NADH as co-substrate. The enzyme has been crystallized by vapor diffusion using ammonium sulfate as precipitant. The crystals ...
Schmidtchen A - - 1994
Human skin fibroblasts in different growth states were incubated with [3H]glucosamine and/or Na(2)35SO4 and extracted with Triton X-100 for various periods of time. Free heparan-sulphate oligosaccharides and protein-bound heparan-sulphate chains were separated by chromatography on octyl-Sepharose and analyzed. A pool of endogenously produced oligosaccharides, present in the cultured cells and ...
Riley G P - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the collagen composition of normal adult human supraspinatus tendon and to compare with: (1) a flexor tendon (the common biceps tendon) which is rarely involved in any degenerative pathology; (2) degenerate tendons from patients with chronic rotator cuff tendinitis. METHODS: Total collagen content, collagen solubility and collagen ...
Tu R - - 1994
Collagen from a native tissue is fixed with a polyepoxy compound (PC) for use as a new biologic prosthetic material. Prior studies have shown that this biomaterial has comparable properties with collagen fixed with glutaraldehyde (GA), and thus has great promise for biomedical applications. A prior kinetic study indicated that ...
Gandhi R H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Studies of the connective tissue matrix of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have yielded conflicting results, and the glycosaminoglycan content has not been previously reported. The present work was done to evaluate the matrix components of AAAs, including the cross-link content of the residual elastin. METHODS: Aortic specimens from AAAs ...
Thurston G D - - 1994
During July and August of 1986, 1987, and 1988, a field study was conducted of ambient acidic aerosol levels in Toronto, Ontario. Fine particle mass (da < 2.5 microns) samples were collected twice daily at a central-city site for the determination of particulate-phase strong acidity (H+) and sulfate (SO4 =). ...
Kleftogiannis F - - 1994
Synovial capsule from the metacarpophalangeal joints of cattle was shown to be a highly collagenous tissue, with a hydroxyproline content of 100 +/- 1 micrograms/mg dry weight and a water content of 70 +/- 3.6%. Type-I collagen made up 83% of the collagen present, and the remainder was type III. ...
Pavão M S - - 1994
Histochemical and chemical analyses reveal important differences between tunic and body of the ascidian Styela plicata. The body contains hydroxyproline, nucleic acid and hexuronic acid. Analyses of the hexuronic acid-containing molecules indicates the presence of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. The tunic, on the other hand, contains no hydroxyproline and ...
Bonte F - - 1994
Asiatic acid, madecassic acid, and asiaticoside, terpenoids with an ursane skeleton, were tested separately and in combination on skin human fibroblast collagen I synthesis in vitro. In the absence of ascorbic acid, the mixture as well as each individual component stimulated collagen I synthesis to a similar extent. In the ...
Ono S - - 1994
We performed morphologic studies on skin from seven patients with ALS and seven control subjects. By light microscopy, the wide spaces that separated collagen bundles reacted strongly with colloidal iron and alcian blue in ALS patients. Electron microscopy revealed markedly increased amorphous material that was positive for ruthenium red in ...
Bonucci E - - 1994
The glutaraldehyde-malachite green (GlMG) fixation has been reported to allow preservation of tissue lipids, mainly acidic phospholipids, that in the absence of malachite green are lost in the glutaraldehyde solution. This method has been used for the morphological study of calcifying epiphyseal cartilage, with particular reference to the presence of ...
Eggen K H - - 1994
Proteoglycans were extracted and isolated from adult bovine muscle tissue by dissociative extraction followed by density gradient centrifugation, gel chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography. Two proteoglycans were characterized; one of large molecular size (PG-L) and one of small molecular size (PG-S). The recovery of PG-L and PG-S was 33% and 67%, ...
Petite H - - 1994
Cross-linking of collagen-based biomaterials increases their strength and persistence in vivo. Recently, we described an efficient cross-linking process via the formation of acyl azide groups on methylated carboxyl groups of collagen using hydrazine and nitrous acid (referred to here as the hydrazine method). In this report, we propose a simpler, ...
Ortolani F - - 1994
The relationship between the negative staining band pattern of type 1 native collagen fibrils and the amino acid distribution along the fibril axis was studied by comparing averaged microdensitograms with theoretical traces calculated on the basis of different amino acid parameters. As well as the spatial parameter "bulkiness" (volume/length, ratio), ...
Saettone M F - - 1994
A series of polyanionic natural or semi-synthetic polymers (polygalacturonic acid, hyaluronic acid, carboxymethylamylose, carboxymethylchitin, chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate and mesoglycan) were evaluated as potential mucoadhesive carriers for ophthalmic drugs. Solutions containing cyclopentolate (CY) or pilocarpine (PI) as salts (or polyanionic complexes) with the acidic polymers, all showing a low viscosity, ...
Arcanjo K D - - 1994
In order to evaluate the effect of chaotropic agents on proteoglycan and non-collagenous proteins, chicken xiphoid cartilage was treated with guanidine-HCl and MgCl2 in different concentrations (1M to 5M), and different periods of time (12, 24, 48 and 72 hr). The maximum yield of uronic acid was obtained with 3M ...
Mendieta C - - 1994
A critical point for the success of guided tissue regeneration is the rate of degradation of the bioresorbable membrane. An ideal bioresorbable membrane must allow selective repopulation of the root surface by cells from the periodontal ligament before it is degraded and replaced by the healing connective tissues of the ...
Bańkowski E - - 1994
During conventional procedures for the extraction of collagen from rat fibrosarcoma it was observed that a significant fraction of the acid-soluble collagen remained insoluble when subsequently fractionated at neutral pH. Analysis of this collagenous component, using amino acid analysis, cyanogen bromide peptide mapping, proteinase susceptibility and the action of denaturing ...
Romanowicz L - - 1994
It was found that the umbilical cord arteries (UCAs) contained several types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), including hyaluronic acid and sulphated glycosaminoglycans. EPH-gestosis is accompanied by significant changes in the composition of extracellular matrix of the UCAs. Significant increase in collagen content was found. Total amount of GAGs did not change ...
Yuki Y - - 1993
It was observed that the purified urinary bikunin (trypsin inhibitor) consisted of four major isomers with different electric charges which could be separated by HPLC using a Mono Q column. These isomers revealed the same antitrypsin activity and did not show any differences in the apparent molecular weight by SDS-PAGE, ...
Yoshihara S - - 1993
Acidic glycoconjugates (glycosaminoglycans, sulfated glycopeptide, and sialoglycopeptide) were isolated by precipitation with cetylpyridinium chloride from human pancreatic juice after digestion with pronase. The acidic glycoconjugates were found exclusively in the proteinaceous precipitate that occurred during dialysis against a buffer of low ionic strength. The concentration of the acidic glycoconjugates in ...
Belting M - - 1993
We have investigated interactions between spermine, a member of the growth promoting polyamine family, and various glycosaminoglycans. By using gel chromatography and equilibrium dialysis experiments we found that spermine binds to L-iduronic acid-rich dermatan sulfate (Kd, approximately 3.9 x 10(-4) M) with an affinity similar to that between spermine and ...
Kubo K - - 1993
High molecular weight hyaluronan (M(r) 400,000) obtained from human umbilical cord was depolymerized by sonication for 10 h into small molecules and finally into molecules of constant size (M(r) 11,000). The molecular size of the depolymerized hyaluronan was unaltered even under different conditions of sonication. After sonication, the main sugar ...
Baici A - - 1993
N-oleoyl-heparin derivatives differing in their oleic acid and sulfate contents were synthesized and studied for their abilities to inhibit human leukocyte elastase (HLE), human leukocyte cathepsin G (CatG) and porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) at pH 8.0, ionic strength 0.05 M and 37 degrees. Heparin (Hep) as well as N-oleoyl-heparins behaved ...
Luck M R - - 1993
A preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the collagen component of the bovine luteal extracellular matrix is reported. The amount of collagen present in corpora lutea from four stages of luteal development was estimated from measurements of hydroxyproline. The tissue content of ascorbic acid, a cofactor in collagen biosynthesis, was ...
Liu E - - 1993
Previous studies have shown that ascorbic acid increases both the total surface acetylcholine receptor (AChR) expression and the mRNA for the alpha-subunit of this receptor in myotubes of cloned L5 muscle cultures. Since ascorbic acid increases collagen synthesis in fibroblasts, we studied the effect of ascorbic acid on collagen secretion ...
Notbohm H - - 1993
In vitro fibrillogenesis of solutions containing pepsin digested and acid soluble collagens I and III from human and bovine skin were investigated by turbidity-time measurements, dark-field and electron microscopy. The maximum turbidity of these solutions exhibited inversely proportional dependence on the collagen III content. Self-assembly was accelerated by collagen III. ...
Muraoka M - - 1993
Studies of intact type IV collagen from deposits of cultured cells or from tissues in culture, or more recently, isolated from EHS tumor have suggested that type IV collagen molecule is composed of two procollagen-like polypeptides (M(r) = 185k and 170k). We show that the major components of intact type ...
de Camargo L M - - 1993
Inhibition of polymerization of polyvinyl siloxane materials by latex products is well documented. It is thought to be caused by contamination of the chloroplatinic acid catalyst by sulfur compounds. Many medicaments, such as aluminum sulfate and ferric sulfate, used on gingival retraction cords have been accused of causing inhibition of ...
Chen S - - 1993
All-trans retinoic acid (tRA) was previously shown to be active in wrinkle reduction in the hairless mouse photoaging model. To address the questions of whether tRA also alters glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis and whether observed wrinkle effacement can be attributed to changes in total GAG production, the effects of tRA on ...
Tu R - - 1993
A new biomaterial has been developed by fixing native collagens with a polyepoxy compound (PC) fixative. Prior studies have shown that this biomaterial has comparable properties as compared to collagen fixed with glutaraldehyde (GA) and thus has a great promise for use as an implantable bioprosthesis. The purpose of this ...
Shum D K - - 1993
1. Urinary glycosaminoglycans were recovered from the papain digest of polyanions precipitated sequentially by cetylpyridinium chloride and sodium acetate-saturated ethanol. Those from the early morning urine of 48 stone formers and 43 normal control subjects measured 11 and 16 micrograms of uronic acid/ml of urine, respectively. 2. Preparative agarose gel ...
Han K K - - 1993
1. The Chemical modifications of amino acids and their derivatives are mainly due to different post-translational enzymatic reactions. 2. The enzymatic reactions resulting in amino acids such as acetylation-, formylation, methylation-phosphorylation-, sulfation-, hydroxylation, ADP ribosylation-, carboxylation-, amidation-, adenylylation-, glycosylation-, ubiquitination-, prenylation and acylation are listed and analytical methods are reported ...
Von den Hoff H W - - 1993
Intact sesamoid bones from bovine metacarpophalangeal joints were cultured with retinoic acid for 9 days and allowed to recover in control medium for up to 17 days. Retinoic acid (300 ng/ml) induced 91.8% inhibition of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis and 50.6% loss of sulfated GAGs from the cartilage. Retinoic acid also ...
Khoo K H - - 1993
Derivatisation/FABMS strategies applicable to the structure analysis of low microgram quantities of heparin-derived oligosaccharides are described. Negative and positive FAB data from permethyl derivatives and positive FAB data from the products of subsequent methanolysis are reported for sulfated tetrasaccharides prepared by nitrous acid degradation of heparin. The preparation and FAB ...
Gessin J C - - 1993
Ascorbic acid has been shown to stimulate collagen synthesis in monolayer cultures of human dermal fibroblasts. In the present studies, we examined whether the presence of a collagen matrix influences this response of dermal fibroblasts to ascorbic acid. Fibroblasts and collagen were mixed and allowed to gel and contract for ...
Kearns A E - - 1993
In order to define the location and organization of the numerous reactions involved in polysaccharide assembly during synthesis of proteoglycans and glycoproteins, the topography of some of the glycosylation reactions in chondroitin sulfate synthesis was examined using a relatively new technique for generating permeable cells. Permeable chondrocytes were shown to ...
Ratna S - - 1993
Futile cycling between 4-methylumbelliferone and its sulfate and glucuronide conjugates was examined in the single-pass perfused rat liver preparation. The steady-state hepatic extraction ratio of 4-methylumbelliferone was found to be high (0.97) at a low input concentration of 0.005 mumol/L (tracer), with a net 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate/4-methylumbelliferyl glucuronide ratio of about ...
Lutostańska A - - 1993
The pharmacological activity of glycine (Gly), proline (Pro) and hydroxyproline (Hyp)--the main amino acids in collagen degradation products--was studied in comparison to the activity of all mixture of DPTC (degradation products of trihelical collagen). The investigated amino acids decreased psychomotor activity of rats, enhanced apomorphine- and amphetamine-induced stereotypy. Pro and ...
Gigli M - - 1993
The association between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and a series of well characterized dermatan and chondroitin sulfates has been investigated by means of the fluorescence anisotropy technique with competition experiments using a fluorescein-labeled high LDL-affinity heparin fraction as a reference. Preparations of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) with sulfation degrees varying over a wide ...
Koshiishi I - - 1993
Dermatan sulfate-proteoglycans (DS-PGs) were extracted from rabbit, rat and bovine defatted livers by magnesium chloride extraction and DEAE-cellulose chromatography, and then submitted successively to Asahipak GS-520 gel filtration chromatography, Asahipak ES-502N anion exchange chromatography, and cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis. The disaccharide composition of the glycosaminoglycan chains was determined by differential ...
Qiu G - - 1993
Dermatan sulfate excreted in normal human urine was isolated and characterized by TLC and cellulose acetate strip electrophoresis after cetylpyridinium chloride precipitation and pronase digestion. In these separation methods, dermatan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate were extracted and then monitored by sensitive HPLC methods with post column fluorometric derivatization coupled with ...
Rath W - - 1993
Cervical biopsies were taken during the first trimester from primigravidae and plurigravidae at different time points after intracervical application of prostaglandin E2-gel. Collagenase activity was determined by a highly specific technique using native, triple helical collagen as substrate. Elastase-alpha 1-proteinase-inhibitor complex (elastase) was measured by a commercially available assay, and ...
Murdoch W J - - 1993
Leucotactic polypeptide was isolated from follicular-conditioned incubation media by ultrafiltration and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. The bioactive fraction was subjected to amino acid analysis and shown to be abundant in glycine, proline and hydroxyproline. These amino acid residues are common to repetitive sequences of alpha collagens. Synthetic collagen-like peptides ...
Stucki G - - 1993
As an alternative to the current disposal technologies for waste sulfuric acid, a new combination of recycling processes was developed. The strong acid (H(2)SO(4)) is biologically converted with the weak acid (CH(3)COOH) into two volatile weak acids (H(2)S, H(2)CO(3)) by sulfate-reducing bacteria. The transformation is possible without prior neutralization of ...
Tan E M - - 1993
The effects of acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) on collagen expression by keloid fibroblasts were examined in the absence and presence of heparin. Collagen biosynthesis and gene expression of type I collagen were down-regulated by the FGFs in the presence of heparin. Acidic FGF, in a concentration range ...
Rosenquist G L - - 1993
We analyzed sequences surrounding known tyrosine sulfation sites to determine the characteristics that distinguish these sites from those that do not undergo sulfation. Tests evaluated the number and position of acidic, basic, hydrophobic, and small amino acids, as well as disulfide and N-glycosylation (sugar) sites. We determined that composition-based tests ...
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