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Results 601 - 650 of 1492
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Deutsch A J - - 1995
The structure of chondroitin sulfate on aggrecan isolated from the rib and proximal tibial growth plates of bovine fetuses was investigated, and the previously reported increase in the hydrodynamic size of chondroitin sulfate chains between the reserve and hypertrophic zones of the rib was confirmed in the tibial growth plate. ...
Karamanos N K - - 1995
The structure of a dermatan sulfate fraction from porcine skin has been analyzed by using various chondro/dermatolyases (chondoitinases ABC, AC, and B) and a highly sensitive HPLC method. Chondroitinase AC degrades the chondroitin sulfate portions of the chain and releases the dermatan sulfate fragments as delta-saccharides, whereas chondroitinase B releases ...
Araki K - - 1995
The three-dimensional configuration of isolated crypts of normal human colonic mucosa and colorectal adenomas was examined by scanning electron microscopy. For isolation of the crypts, the digestion method with HC1 was used for formalin fixed tissues, and the separation method with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) following ultrasonication was applied to fresh ...
Nakano T - - 1995
This study was undertaken to analyze the chemical composition of the proximal tibial articular cartilage and growth plate from 1-mo-old broiler chickens. The composition was different between the two types of cartilage (weight-bearing tissue and the tissue of growth center). The dry matter and collagen contents and the ratio of ...
Tateno H - - 1995
Many inhibitors of tubulin polymerization have a trimethoxybenzene ring in their molecules. Such trimethoxybenzoic compounds and their analogues may therefore have a potency to induce meiotic nondisjunction of oocytes. In this study, a single dose of reserpine (0.5 microgram/g body weight), podophyllotoxin (20.0 micrograms/g b.w.), trimethoxybenzoic acid (500.0 micrograms/g b.w.) ...
Pagliarini A - - 1995
Two fibroblast populations derived from free and attached gingiva (FGF, AGF) have been compared in cell culture. They exhibited the same morphology and similar cytoskeletal staining patterns, but were different in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis. FGF released larger quantities of GAGs than AGF in the medium. The extracellular accumulation of hyaluronic ...
Garg H G - - 1995
Proteoglycans (PGs) were extracted from human hypertrophic and normal scar tissues from two different stages of maturation after burn injury, under dissociative conditions (4 M guanidinium chloride containing proteinase inhibitors). The extracts were fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography, followed by ethanol precipitation, to give PG-containing iduronic acid (PGIdoA). The size of ...
Pfeiffer H - - 1995
Determinations of chronologic age are of great importance in forensic science. At present the aspartic acid racemization method on teeth provides one of the best means in adult individuals. However, if teeth are not available, some other stable tissue has to be used. In this study, the applicability of cartilage ...
Dung S Z - - 1995
The mechanisms of organic matrix breakdown in the root caries process are not well understood. Therefore, the combined and separate effects of lactic acid and proteolytic enzymes on the degradation of human dentin collagen, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and phosphoproteins were investigated in the present study. Dentin powder was pretreated with lactic ...
Murata K - - 1995
The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components in normal human duodenal tissue and in duodenal GAGs of patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) were characterized at the macromolecular level by electrophoresis combined with various GAG-specific digestion. High-performance liquid chromatographic assay quantified various unsaturated disaccharides derived from chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate isomers (DS). ...
Matsukawa F - - 1994
The molecular relationships of extracellular matrix (ECM) from bovine periodontal ligaments to supporting mechanisms of the ligament were investigated. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and collagen components of the ECM were compared quantitatively and qualitatively for periodontal tissue adjacent to mandibular anterior (APL) and maxillary posterior (PPL) teeth. There was no significant quantitative ...
George A - - 1994
Dentinogenesis is being used as a model for understanding the biomineralization process. The odontoblasts synthesize a structural matrix comprised of Type I collagen fibrils which define the basic architecture of the tissue. The odontoblasts also synthesize and deliver a number of dentin-specific acidic macromolecules into the extracellular compartment. These acidic ...
Ozu H - - 1994
A 49-year-old woman suffering from nephrotic syndrome (NS) was admitted for renal biopsy and treatment of NS. Light microscopy demonstrated that the glomerular capillary wall was markedly thickened with diffuse accumulation of periodic acid Schiff- and periodic acid methenamine-positive materials, leading to lobular accentuation of glomerular tufts. By electron microscopy, ...
Allaker R P - - 1994
Eikenella corrodens isolates from periodontally healthy subjects and adult periodontitis patients were compared for their ability to produce a range of potential virulence factors. All were positive for proline aminopeptidase, thiol-dependent haemolysin and esterase activities. Low or negative activities were found against casein, phospholipid, lipid, collagen, aminophosphate, phosphate under acid ...
Dung S Z - - 1994
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that both insoluble pure type I collagen from bovine Achilles tendon and dentine collagen in root dentine powder from human teeth required acid pretreatment for subsequent degradation by trypsin, a non-specific protease. Pure type I collagen or dentine powder was ...
Csapó J - - 1994
A method has been developed to determine the age of fossil bone samples based on amino acid racemization (AAR). Approximately one hundred fossil bone samples of known age from Hungary were collected and analysed for D- and L-amino acids. As the racemization of amino acids is affected by temperature, pH, ...
Karamanos N K - - 1994
In this report we describe a very sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of 24 nonsulfated and variously sulfated disaccharides present in chondroitin sulfates, dermatan sulfates, and hyaluronic acid. The method is superior to others in that monosulfated disaccharides at either C-2 or C-3 of the uronic acid ...
Niefind K - - 1994
D-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase (D-HicDH) from Lactobacillus casei is a homodimeric enzyme with a molecular mass of 74.6 kDa. It catalyzes the reduction of a wide range of 2-ketocarboxylic acids to D-2-hydroxycarboxylic acids using NADH as co-substrate. The enzyme has been crystallized by vapor diffusion using ammonium sulfate as precipitant. The crystals ...
Schmidtchen A - - 1994
Human skin fibroblasts in different growth states were incubated with [3H]glucosamine and/or Na(2)35SO4 and extracted with Triton X-100 for various periods of time. Free heparan-sulphate oligosaccharides and protein-bound heparan-sulphate chains were separated by chromatography on octyl-Sepharose and analyzed. A pool of endogenously produced oligosaccharides, present in the cultured cells and ...
Riley G P - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the collagen composition of normal adult human supraspinatus tendon and to compare with: (1) a flexor tendon (the common biceps tendon) which is rarely involved in any degenerative pathology; (2) degenerate tendons from patients with chronic rotator cuff tendinitis. METHODS: Total collagen content, collagen solubility and collagen ...
Tu R - - 1994
Collagen from a native tissue is fixed with a polyepoxy compound (PC) for use as a new biologic prosthetic material. Prior studies have shown that this biomaterial has comparable properties with collagen fixed with glutaraldehyde (GA), and thus has great promise for biomedical applications. A prior kinetic study indicated that ...
Gandhi R H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Studies of the connective tissue matrix of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have yielded conflicting results, and the glycosaminoglycan content has not been previously reported. The present work was done to evaluate the matrix components of AAAs, including the cross-link content of the residual elastin. METHODS: Aortic specimens from AAAs ...
Thurston G D - - 1994
During July and August of 1986, 1987, and 1988, a field study was conducted of ambient acidic aerosol levels in Toronto, Ontario. Fine particle mass (da < 2.5 microns) samples were collected twice daily at a central-city site for the determination of particulate-phase strong acidity (H+) and sulfate (SO4 =). ...
Kleftogiannis F - - 1994
Synovial capsule from the metacarpophalangeal joints of cattle was shown to be a highly collagenous tissue, with a hydroxyproline content of 100 +/- 1 micrograms/mg dry weight and a water content of 70 +/- 3.6%. Type-I collagen made up 83% of the collagen present, and the remainder was type III. ...
Pavão M S - - 1994
Histochemical and chemical analyses reveal important differences between tunic and body of the ascidian Styela plicata. The body contains hydroxyproline, nucleic acid and hexuronic acid. Analyses of the hexuronic acid-containing molecules indicates the presence of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. The tunic, on the other hand, contains no hydroxyproline and ...
Bonte F - - 1994
Asiatic acid, madecassic acid, and asiaticoside, terpenoids with an ursane skeleton, were tested separately and in combination on skin human fibroblast collagen I synthesis in vitro. In the absence of ascorbic acid, the mixture as well as each individual component stimulated collagen I synthesis to a similar extent. In the ...
Ono S - - 1994
We performed morphologic studies on skin from seven patients with ALS and seven control subjects. By light microscopy, the wide spaces that separated collagen bundles reacted strongly with colloidal iron and alcian blue in ALS patients. Electron microscopy revealed markedly increased amorphous material that was positive for ruthenium red in ...
Bonucci E - - 1994
The glutaraldehyde-malachite green (GlMG) fixation has been reported to allow preservation of tissue lipids, mainly acidic phospholipids, that in the absence of malachite green are lost in the glutaraldehyde solution. This method has been used for the morphological study of calcifying epiphyseal cartilage, with particular reference to the presence of ...
Eggen K H - - 1994
Proteoglycans were extracted and isolated from adult bovine muscle tissue by dissociative extraction followed by density gradient centrifugation, gel chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography. Two proteoglycans were characterized; one of large molecular size (PG-L) and one of small molecular size (PG-S). The recovery of PG-L and PG-S was 33% and 67%, ...
Petite H - - 1994
Cross-linking of collagen-based biomaterials increases their strength and persistence in vivo. Recently, we described an efficient cross-linking process via the formation of acyl azide groups on methylated carboxyl groups of collagen using hydrazine and nitrous acid (referred to here as the hydrazine method). In this report, we propose a simpler, ...
Ortolani F - - 1994
The relationship between the negative staining band pattern of type 1 native collagen fibrils and the amino acid distribution along the fibril axis was studied by comparing averaged microdensitograms with theoretical traces calculated on the basis of different amino acid parameters. As well as the spatial parameter "bulkiness" (volume/length, ratio), ...
Saettone M F - - 1994
A series of polyanionic natural or semi-synthetic polymers (polygalacturonic acid, hyaluronic acid, carboxymethylamylose, carboxymethylchitin, chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate and mesoglycan) were evaluated as potential mucoadhesive carriers for ophthalmic drugs. Solutions containing cyclopentolate (CY) or pilocarpine (PI) as salts (or polyanionic complexes) with the acidic polymers, all showing a low viscosity, ...
Arcanjo K D - - 1994
In order to evaluate the effect of chaotropic agents on proteoglycan and non-collagenous proteins, chicken xiphoid cartilage was treated with guanidine-HCl and MgCl2 in different concentrations (1M to 5M), and different periods of time (12, 24, 48 and 72 hr). The maximum yield of uronic acid was obtained with 3M ...
Mendieta C - - 1994
A critical point for the success of guided tissue regeneration is the rate of degradation of the bioresorbable membrane. An ideal bioresorbable membrane must allow selective repopulation of the root surface by cells from the periodontal ligament before it is degraded and replaced by the healing connective tissues of the ...
BaƄkowski E - - 1994
During conventional procedures for the extraction of collagen from rat fibrosarcoma it was observed that a significant fraction of the acid-soluble collagen remained insoluble when subsequently fractionated at neutral pH. Analysis of this collagenous component, using amino acid analysis, cyanogen bromide peptide mapping, proteinase susceptibility and the action of denaturing ...
Romanowicz L - - 1994
It was found that the umbilical cord arteries (UCAs) contained several types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), including hyaluronic acid and sulphated glycosaminoglycans. EPH-gestosis is accompanied by significant changes in the composition of extracellular matrix of the UCAs. Significant increase in collagen content was found. Total amount of GAGs did not change ...
Yuki Y - - 1993
It was observed that the purified urinary bikunin (trypsin inhibitor) consisted of four major isomers with different electric charges which could be separated by HPLC using a Mono Q column. These isomers revealed the same antitrypsin activity and did not show any differences in the apparent molecular weight by SDS-PAGE, ...
Yoshihara S - - 1993
Acidic glycoconjugates (glycosaminoglycans, sulfated glycopeptide, and sialoglycopeptide) were isolated by precipitation with cetylpyridinium chloride from human pancreatic juice after digestion with pronase. The acidic glycoconjugates were found exclusively in the proteinaceous precipitate that occurred during dialysis against a buffer of low ionic strength. The concentration of the acidic glycoconjugates in ...
Belting M - - 1993
We have investigated interactions between spermine, a member of the growth promoting polyamine family, and various glycosaminoglycans. By using gel chromatography and equilibrium dialysis experiments we found that spermine binds to L-iduronic acid-rich dermatan sulfate (Kd, approximately 3.9 x 10(-4) M) with an affinity similar to that between spermine and ...
Kubo K - - 1993
High molecular weight hyaluronan (M(r) 400,000) obtained from human umbilical cord was depolymerized by sonication for 10 h into small molecules and finally into molecules of constant size (M(r) 11,000). The molecular size of the depolymerized hyaluronan was unaltered even under different conditions of sonication. After sonication, the main sugar ...
Baici A - - 1993
N-oleoyl-heparin derivatives differing in their oleic acid and sulfate contents were synthesized and studied for their abilities to inhibit human leukocyte elastase (HLE), human leukocyte cathepsin G (CatG) and porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) at pH 8.0, ionic strength 0.05 M and 37 degrees. Heparin (Hep) as well as N-oleoyl-heparins behaved ...
Luck M R - - 1993
A preliminary quantitative and qualitative analysis of the collagen component of the bovine luteal extracellular matrix is reported. The amount of collagen present in corpora lutea from four stages of luteal development was estimated from measurements of hydroxyproline. The tissue content of ascorbic acid, a cofactor in collagen biosynthesis, was ...
Liu E - - 1993
Previous studies have shown that ascorbic acid increases both the total surface acetylcholine receptor (AChR) expression and the mRNA for the alpha-subunit of this receptor in myotubes of cloned L5 muscle cultures. Since ascorbic acid increases collagen synthesis in fibroblasts, we studied the effect of ascorbic acid on collagen secretion ...
Notbohm H - - 1993
In vitro fibrillogenesis of solutions containing pepsin digested and acid soluble collagens I and III from human and bovine skin were investigated by turbidity-time measurements, dark-field and electron microscopy. The maximum turbidity of these solutions exhibited inversely proportional dependence on the collagen III content. Self-assembly was accelerated by collagen III. ...
Muraoka M - - 1993
Studies of intact type IV collagen from deposits of cultured cells or from tissues in culture, or more recently, isolated from EHS tumor have suggested that type IV collagen molecule is composed of two procollagen-like polypeptides (M(r) = 185k and 170k). We show that the major components of intact type ...
de Camargo L M - - 1993
Inhibition of polymerization of polyvinyl siloxane materials by latex products is well documented. It is thought to be caused by contamination of the chloroplatinic acid catalyst by sulfur compounds. Many medicaments, such as aluminum sulfate and ferric sulfate, used on gingival retraction cords have been accused of causing inhibition of ...
Chen S - - 1993
All-trans retinoic acid (tRA) was previously shown to be active in wrinkle reduction in the hairless mouse photoaging model. To address the questions of whether tRA also alters glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis and whether observed wrinkle effacement can be attributed to changes in total GAG production, the effects of tRA on ...
Tu R - - 1993
A new biomaterial has been developed by fixing native collagens with a polyepoxy compound (PC) fixative. Prior studies have shown that this biomaterial has comparable properties as compared to collagen fixed with glutaraldehyde (GA) and thus has a great promise for use as an implantable bioprosthesis. The purpose of this ...
Shum D K - - 1993
1. Urinary glycosaminoglycans were recovered from the papain digest of polyanions precipitated sequentially by cetylpyridinium chloride and sodium acetate-saturated ethanol. Those from the early morning urine of 48 stone formers and 43 normal control subjects measured 11 and 16 micrograms of uronic acid/ml of urine, respectively. 2. Preparative agarose gel ...
Han K K - - 1993
1. The Chemical modifications of amino acids and their derivatives are mainly due to different post-translational enzymatic reactions. 2. The enzymatic reactions resulting in amino acids such as acetylation-, formylation, methylation-phosphorylation-, sulfation-, hydroxylation, ADP ribosylation-, carboxylation-, amidation-, adenylylation-, glycosylation-, ubiquitination-, prenylation and acylation are listed and analytical methods are reported ...
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