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Results 451 - 500 of 1478
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Manaloto R M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The periorbital region serves as a barometer of chronologic and environmental age and, as such, patients often seek its cosmetic rejuvenation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to review the dermatologic treatments available for periorbital skin rejuvenation. METHODS: Topical retinoic and glycolic acid preparations, chemical peels, botulinum and ...
Kuwaba K - - 1999
Glycosaminoglycans change their amount, structure and distribution with age, differentiation and pathologic conditions. In order to investigate temporal changes in dermatan sulfate in the skin during inflammation and subsequent healing, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) was applied once to the dorsal skin of female BALB/cA mice, and the disaccharide composition of dermatan sulfate ...
Waite E R - - 1999
The proportion of D- to L-enantiomers of aspartic acid in metabolically isolated proteins has been used by forensic scientists to estimate age at death. We have demonstrated the interference of a derivative of hydroxyproline (N-TFA isopropyl Hyp ester) with the N-TFA isopropyl L-Aspartic (Asp) acid ester during gas chromatography of ...
El Feninat F - - 1998
We used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the effects of acidic and aqueous treatments on human dentin. Two basic points were determined: the first is the ability of AFM to discriminate the effect of phosphoric acid (pH approximately equal to 1) on polished dentin, and the second is the ...
Dajani R - - 1998
Sulfation, catalyzed by members of the sulfotransferase (SULT) superfamily, exerts considerable influence over the biological activity of numerous endogenous and xenobiotic chemicals. In humans, catecholamines such as dopamine are extensively sulfated, and a SULT isoform (SULT1A3 or the monoamine-sulfating form of phenolsulfotransferase) has evolved with considerable selectivity for dopamine and ...
Li Y - - 1998
We have reported that collagen synthesis was stimulated by the administration of a hot water extract from the leaves of Eucommia ulmoides OLIVER, Eucommiaceae (Du-Zhong leaves) in false aged model rats. In this paper, we set out to examine the compounds in Du-Zhong leaves that stimulated collagen synthesis in false ...
Sunwoo H H - - 1998
Proteoglycans were extracted with 4 M guanidine-HCl from the zone of maturing chondrocytes, the site of endochondral ossification of growing antlers of wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Proteoglycans were isolated by DEAE-Sephacel chromatography and separated by Sepharose CL-4B chromatography into three fractions. Fraction I contained a high molecular mass (> 1000 kDa) ...
Imhof M - - 1998
We have identified a novel splice variant of chicken collagen XIV which contains an insert of three amino acids (Val-Arg-Thr) in the sixth fibronectin type III-like (FNIII) domain. The codons for these amino acids are inserted into the mRNA by skipping of a splice donor site and usage of another ...
Bodo M - - 1998
Glycosaminoglycans (GAG), are extracellular matrix macromolecules that affect the phagocytic properties of macrophages. In order to assess whether the interaction between macrophages and Candida albicans (iCa) provokes changes in the phenotype, we analyzed the GAG profiles in two macrophage lines, ANA-1 (from murine bone-marrow) and BV-2 (from murine brain). We ...
Temme E H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: In two studies we have compared the effects of four different saturated fat diets (medium chain fatty acids (MCFA), and lauric, myristic and palmitic acids) with those of a monounsaturated oleic acid diet on in-vitro whole blood aggregation in healthy women and men. DESIGN: Study 1 had a cross-over ...
Kim S J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Glycolic acid treatment is believed to reverse the photoaging process by increasing collagen synthesis in the skin. However, this effect has not been clearly defined even though alpha hydroxy acid products are used extensively. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to define the primary effect of glycolic acid on collagen synthesis ...
Ohtani S - - 1998
Levels of D-aspartic acid (D/L ratio) in cranial non-collagen proteins (acid-soluble peptide fractions) have been reported to increase with age. We isolated total amino acid fractions from the femur and separately isolated acid-insoluble collagen fraction and acid-soluble peptide fractions; then D/L ratios were measured from each fraction by gas chromatography. ...
Grupe G - - 1998
In relation to specific burial conditions, the degree of preservation of archaeological bone collagen shows significant variation which cannot be discerned sufficiently by histological inspection. Thus the validity of archaeometric data cannot be confirmed as such and further proof is required. This study deals with diagenetic modifications of extractable collagen ...
Sivakumar P - - 1998
A unique collagen with three distinct chains, was purified from the cranial cartilage of the squid Sepia officinalis, by pepsinisation and salt precipitation and compared with shark cartilage collagen. These chains, which were different from the known cartilage collagen chains, were referred as C1, C2 and C3, had approximate molecular ...
Kleter G A - - 1998
The aim was to identify suspect collagen cross-links in dentine, eluting close to known cross-links in ion-exchange HPLC. Bovine tooth roots as source of dentine were powdered, demineralised, reduced, and acid-hydrolysed. Cross-linking amino acids were isolated from the acid hydrolysate by size exclusion, adsorption, and sequential ion exchange chromatography. In ...
Sakurai F - - 1998
To determine the amount of endogenous amino acids in budgerigars (sekiseiinko, Melopsittacus undulatus), as the first step of evaluating amino acid requirements, three experiments were conducted. In Experiments 1 and 2, transit time of the feeds through the digestive tract in budgerigars was studied. The birds were given free access ...
Ladin D A - - 1998
Currently our understanding of chronic wound pathophysiology is deficient in knowing what specifically is lacking during arrested wound healing. Autologous or allogenic keratinocytes have been used successfully to treat chronic wounds, as have composites containing diverse substances such as allogenic dermis, polyglycolic acid, or collagen mesh combined with keratinocytes or ...
Sunwoo H H - - 1998
Glycosaminoglycans were isolated from the four sections (tip, upper, middle and base) of the main beam of growing antlers of wapiti (Cervus elaphus) by papain digestion and DEAE-Sephacel chromatography. Chondroitin sulfate was the major glycosaminoglycan in each section of antler accounting for, on average, 88% of the total uronic acid. ...
Pak K - - 1998
Cocultures of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans and Methanococcus maripaludis grew on sulfate-free lactate medium while vigorously methylating Hg2+. Individually, neither bacterium could grow or methylate mercury in this medium. Similar synergistic growth of sulfidogens and methanogens may create favorable conditions for Hg2+ methylation in low-sulfate anoxic freshwater sediments.
King G N - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acid conditioning of root surfaces during recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) induced periodontal regeneration in vivo. The buccal aspect of molar roots were denuded of their periodontal ligament through a bony window created in the mandible of 34 ...
Mori E - - 1998
Structures of acidic N-glycans released from porcine zona pellucida glycoproteins by hydrazinolysis were studied. The results indicated that the acidic glycans are of mono- to tetraantennary complex-type with and without N-acetyllactosamine repeating units. Sulfated residues are not only located at the C-6 position of GlcNAc included in the N-acetyllactosamine repeating ...
Waddington R J - - 1998
This study characterized proteoglycan metabolites present in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) collected from sites with clinical evidence of advanced periodontal disease. The metabolites were purified by anion-exchange chromatography from which a chondroitin sulphate rich fraction was identified by cellulose acetate electrophoresis. Sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of this fraction revealed a ...
Kim M - - 1998
In order to elucidate the effect of L-ascorbic acid (AsA) on the formation of pyridinoline, a mature crosslink of collagen, its content in cartilage collagen of guinea pigs supplemented with and without AsA in the growing process (4-8 weeks of age) and in the period of maturity (10-14 weeks of ...
Stein H - - 1998
We sought to study the effect of synovectomy on the surface morphology of articular cartilages of the rabbit knee using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fifteen rabbits were surgically synovectomised and allowed to regenerate their synovia during time intervals ranging from 3 to 44 wk. Cartilage specimens were shaved from 5 ...
Tadano-Aritomi K - - 1998
A novel class of sulfoglycosphingolipid, a sulfate analog of ganglioside, was isolated from mammals for the first time. This sulfated ganglioside was purified from rat kidney by column chromatographies on anion exchangers and silica beads. One-dimensional 1H NMR, compositional and permethylation analyses showed that this glycolipid has a Gg4Cer core ...
Boelsma E - - 1998
For the investigation of the skin irritancy potential of chemicals in an in vitro model, it is necessary to have sensitive end-points that predict the effects on native human skin. Our aim was to investigate whether the induction of the proteinase inhibitor SKALP in reconstructed epidermis can be used as ...
Pandit A - - 1998
In this study the wound healing response of full-thickness skin defects was enhanced through the use of acidic fibroblast growth factor using a collagen scaffold. The objectives of this study were (1) to compare the facilitatory effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor on the cellular response (fibroblast, neutrophil, macrophage, epithelial), ...
Kim S J - - 1998
Glycolic acid peeling is known to improve photoaging processes such as wrinkling and roughness, but this effect has not been clearly defined, even though functional activation of fibroblasts has been suggested. The study was aimed to determine the effects of glycolic acid and malic acid (AHA: alpha hydroxy acid) on ...
Chithra P - - 1998
The influence of Aloe vera (L.) Burman f. on the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components of the matrix in a healing wound was studied. Wound healing is a dynamic and complex sequence of events of which the major one is the synthesis of extracellular matrix components. The early stage of wound healing ...
Bhavnani B R - - 1998
Conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), are used extensively for estrogen replacement therapy and prevention of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Premarin contains at least 10 estrogens that are the sulfate esters of the ring B saturated estrogens: estrone, 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-estradiol, and the ring B unsaturated estrogens: equilin, 17beta-dihydroequilin, 17alpha-dihydroequilin, ...
Fallgren C - - 1998
Biomaterial implants in various human body tissues are highly susceptible to bacterial colonization. We report here on the coating of heparinized biomaterials with heparin binding extracellular matrix proteins giving special regard to the efficient adsorption and slow release of antibiotics. Heparin was partially degraded and the resulting fragments were covalently ...
Lee D A - - 1998
The measurement of collagen synthesis by seeded cells in vitro is a prerequisite for the assessment of biocompatibility of many biomaterials. Existing methods are either complicated or not applicable to systems utilizing collagen-based materials, and the development of a rapid and simple technique would be an advantage. In the current ...
Mohri H - - 1998
A 49-year-old man with multiple myeloma (IgG-lambda Bence-Jones protein positive) presented a bleeding tendency: characterized intramuscular hemorrhage. Coagulation studies showed a von Willebrand factor (vWF) defect (Duke bleeding time > 20 min; ristocetin cofactor activity [vWF:RC] < 6%; significant reduction of large multimers of vWF. Mixing study suggested the presence ...
Ohtani S - - 1998
The amount of D-aspartic acid (D/L ratio) among total amino acids, acid-insoluble collagen, and non-collagen proteins (acid-soluble peptides) from the human femoral compact substance was measured by gas chromatography. We found that the amount of D-aspartic acid increased linearly with age in males but not in females. This difference between ...
Embery G - - 1998
This study describes the interaction of a small chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan and the glycosaminoglycans chondroitin 4-sulphate, dermatan sulphate and heparan sulphate with hydroxyapatite. All macromolecules possessed a high affinity, with the iduronic acid-rich dermatan sulphate and heparan sulphate displaying higher adsorption maxima than the glucuronic acid-rich chondroitin 4-sulphate. At similar ...
Moseley R - - 1997
The effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated by in vitro stimulation of isolated PMN upon the main GAG components of mineralised and non-mineralised connective tissues was investigated. PMN were isolated from whole blood and the production of the ROS superoxide (O2.-) and hydroxyl radicals (.OH) was stimulated by the ...
Bank R A - - 1997
Measurement of the glycosylated hydroxylysines galactosyl- and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine (GH and GGH) in combination with other amino acids has been based on ion-exchange chromatography followed by reaction with ninhydrin. Here, a rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method with fluorimetric detection has been developed and employed to determine the glycosylated hydroxylysine ...
Wendt M D - - 1997
PURPOSE: To better understand wound healing after glaucoma filtration surgery by measuring the production of type I and type III collagen in cultured Tenon's fibroblasts and determine the effect of ascorbic acid on collagen subtype production. METHODS: An ELISA-type dot blot assay was used to directly measure the production of ...
Kruger M C MC Dept of Physiology,Chemical Pathology, University of Pretoria, PO Box 2034, - - 1997
There are two types of essential fatty acids (EFAs), the n-6 derived from linoleic acid (LA) and the n-3, derived from alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Most of the functions of the EFAs require the conversion of LA and ALA to their metabolites including, gammalinolenic (GLA), dihomogammalinolenic (DGLA), arachidonic (AA) (n-6) and ...
Stabellini G - - 1997
Glycosaminoglycans are polysaccharides involved in epithelial-mesenchymal interaction and cell differentiation and provide a meshwork which is essential to maintain a proper intercellular milieu. The development of embryonic organs can be accompanied by alterations in the glycosaminoglycan pattern. In pregnancies with malformed fetuses, there are alterations in total glycosaminoglycans and their ...
Tsuchida T - - 1997
The effects of in situ freezing and the combination of in situ freezing and stress-shielding on the microstructure and ultrastructure of the patellar tendon were studied with use of 20 mature rabbits. The patellar tendon was frozen in situ with liquid nitrogen to kill fibroblasts and then was completely released ...
Doillon C J - - 1997
The use of collagen as a biomedical implant raises safety issues with regard to viruses and prions. Specific chemical agents that inactivate prion infectivity could be applied to collagen implants. The physicochemical changes and the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of collagen treated by formic acid (FA), trifluoroacetic acid ...
Kokenyesi R - - 1997
Cloned immortalized MC615 mouse chondrocytic cells were used to examine their capability to produce multiple types of matrix proteoglycans. Immunofluorescence staining indicated a uniform expression of aggrecan, biglycan and decorin by all cells. After culture with [35S]sulphate, proteo[35S]glycans secreted by the cells were found to elute in two peaks from ...
Willis C L - - 1997
In contrast to other anaerobic ecosystems, such as marine and estuarine sediments, there is a lack of information on the nutritional requirements of human gut sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Various substrates stimulated sulfate reduction in mixed culture, including short-chain fatty acids and other organic acids, alcohols, and amino acids (but not ...
Lindahl B - - 1997
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are consistently accumulated in tissues afflicted by amyloidosis and have been implicated in the mechanism of amyloid deposition. To study this relationship, heparan sulfate was isolated from liver and spleen of patients with AA amyloidosis and from normal organs and subjected to structural analysis. The polysaccharides were ...
Varin L - - 1997
A sulfotransferase (ST) which catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to gallic acid glucoside was characterized from microsomal preparations of Mimosa pudica. The product of the reaction was found to co-elute on HPLC with the periodic leaf movement factor 1 (PLMF-1)(gallic acid beta-D-gluco-pyranosyl-6'-sulfate). The distribution of the ...
Matarasso S L - - 1997
Cutaneous resurfacing can be accomplished with application of acids, abrasive modalities, or the new generation of carbon dioxide lasers. Ultimately, the universal goal is removal and replacement of the epidermis and dermal collagen remodeling. The indications range from therapeutic and reconstruction to the treatment of the stigmata associated with senescence. ...
Schiller J - - 1997
The action of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on bovine nasal cartilage was studied by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy in order to model degradation processes of cartilage caused by neutrophil-derived hypochlorous acid. Nasal cartilage was chosen as a mean of comparison because it differs from articular cartilage in its composition. ...
Cao Y - - 1997
This study evaluates the feasibility of growing tissue-engineered cartilage in the shape of a human ear using chondrocytes seeded onto a synthetic biodegradable polymer fashioned in the shape of a 3-year-old child's auricle. A polymer template was formed in the shape of a human auricle using a nonwoven mesh of ...
Ashby J - - 1997
Earlier reports that benzoic acid is uterotrophic to the rat and mouse and that clofibrate is uterotrophic to the rat have not been confirmed. The studies reported here involved the use of a range of test protocols and dose levels, including the protocols/dose levels used by the original investigators. In ...
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