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Ottaway Zoe Victoria ZV East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust, St Leonards-on-sea, East Sussex, - - 2014
A 79-year-old woman was prescribed bisphosphonates 3 years ago for osteoporosis. At the time of first prescription, she received counselling directions on how to take her medication, which she stringently adhered to. However, she accidentally aspirated an alendronic acid tablet and subsequently developed respiratory tract symptoms. An emergency bronchoscopy was ...
Brif Anastasia - - 2013
Band gap engineering of Zinc Oxide semiconductors can be achieved using a bio-inspired method. During a bio-Inspired crystallization process, incorporation of amino acids into the crystal structure of ZnO induces lattice strain that leads to linear band gap shifts. This allows for fine tuning of the band gap in a ...
Moliner Manuel - - 2013
The former synthesis of TS-1 opened new catalytic opportunities for zeolites, especially for their application as selective redox catalysts in several fine chemistry processes. Interestingly, isolated Ti species in the framework positions of hydrophobic zeolites, such as high silica zeolites, offer unique Lewis acid sites even in the presence of ...
El Kadib Abdelkrim - - 2013
The synthesis of highly active acid catalysts supported on ordered mesoporous materials has eluded chemists until 1998, when Wim M. Van Rhijn et al. explored three different routes to tether sulfonic acid on mesoporous silica. This viewpoint sheds light on this landmark and explores its significant impact on material science ...
Murakoshi Satoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) causes intestinal mucosal atrophy, gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) atrophy and dysfunction, leading to impaired mucosal immunity and increased susceptibility to infectious complications. Therefore, new PN formulations are needed to maintain mucosal immunity. Short-chain fatty acids have been demonstrated to exert beneficial effects on the intestinal mucosa. ...
Liu Chang C - - 2011
Small-molecule regulation of gene expression is intrinsic to cellular function and indispensable to the construction of new biological sensing, control and expression systems. However, there are currently only a handful of strategies for engineering such regulatory components and fewer still that can give rise to an arbitrarily large set of ...
Uchida Aki - - 2011
Fenofibrate, a drug in the fibrate class of amphiphathic carboxylic acids, has multiple blood lipid modifying actions, which are beneficial to the prevention of atherosclerosis. One of its benefits is in lowering fasting and postprandial blood triglyceride (TG) concentrations. The goal of this study was to determine whether the hypotriglyceridemic ...
Langhans Wolfgang - - 2010
Various mechanisms detect the presence of dietary triacylglycerols (TAG) in the digestive tract and link TAG ingestion to the regulation of energy homeostasis. We here propose a novel sensing mechanism with the potential to encode dietary TAG-derived energy by translating enterocyte fatty acid oxidation (FAO) into vagal afferent signals controlling ...
Laino Aldana - - 2011
Despite vitellins being essential yolk proteins, their presence in spiders remains almost unknown. Two vitellins from the spider Polybetes pythagoricus, named LV1 and LV2, were isolated and their size, shape, lipids, fatty acids, proteins and carbohydrates moieties were determined. LV1 has a density similar to that of HDL with 49.3% ...
Gorczyca D - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Vegetarian diet has become an increasing trend in western world and in Poland. The frequency of allergies is growing, and the effectiveness of vegetarian diet in allergic diseases is a concern for research. We aimed to study an effect of vegetarian diet on lipid profile in serum in a group ...
Kwak Jung Hyun - - 2011
We investigated the association of polymorphisms in FADS genes with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in serum phospholipids, lipid peroxides, and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Koreans. In this case-control study, CAD patients (n=756, 40-79 years) and healthy controls (n=890) were genotyped for rs174537 near FADS1 (FEN1 rs174537G>T), FADS2 (rs174575, rs2727270), ...
Sung Jerry Wang-Chou - - 2010
Polysaccharide-based vaccines against Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) serogroups A, C, Y and W135 have been available since 1970, but similar vaccine candidates developed for Nm group B (NmB) have not been successful due to both poor immunogenicity and their potential immunological cross-reactivity with human neurological tissue. In previous reports, a protective ...
Takeda Shuso - - 2011
15-Lipoxygenase (15-LOX) is one of the key enzymes responsible for the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein, a major causal factor for atherosclerosis. Δ(9) -Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9) -THC), a major component of marijuana, has suggested to suppress atherosclerosis. Although Δ(9) -THC seems to be attractive for the prevention of atherosclerosis, there is ...
Bharadwaj Kalyani G KG Division of Preventive Medicine and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, - - 2010
Lipids circulate in the blood in association with plasma lipoproteins and enter the tissues either after hydrolysis or as non-hydrolyzable lipid esters. We studied cardiac lipids, lipoprotein lipid uptake, and gene expression in heart-specific lipoprotein lipase (LpL) knock-out (hLpL0), CD36 knock-out (Cd36(-/-)), and double knock-out (hLpL0/Cd36(-/-)-DKO) mice. Loss of either ...
Qi Jenson - - 2010
Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the terminal step in triglyceride (TG) synthesis using diacylglycerol (DAG) and fatty acyl-CoA as substrates. In the liver, the production of VLDL permits the delivery of hydrophobic TG from the liver to peripheral tissues for energy metabolism. We describe here a novel high-content, high-throughput LC/MS/MS-based cellular ...
Clark Amanda L - - 2010
Oxidation of low density lipoproteins (LDL) in the presence of myeloperoxidase and subsequent uptake of the oxidized LDL by specialized receptors on macrophages has been suggested as an initiating event of atherosclerosis. Oxidized fatty acid chains within the glycerophospholipids of LDL have been implicated as the recognition feature by the ...
Guyton John R - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent studies on combination regimens that employ a statin with added niacin, ezetimibe, and/or bile acid sequestrants, and to understand the implications of these studies for clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Combinations of statin, niacin, and/or intestinally active LDL-lowering drug have demonstrated safety and favorable effects ...
Zhu Nengwu - - 2011
Surface modifications of anode materials are important for enhancing power generation of microbial fuel cell (MFC). Membrane free single-chamber air-cathode MFCs, MFC-A and MFC-N, were constructed using activated carbon fiber felt (ACF) anodes treated by nitric acid and ethylenediamine (EDA), respectively. Experimental results showed that the start-up time to achieve ...
Tan Tianwei - - 2010
Fatty acid alkyl esters, also called biodiesel, are environmentally friendly and show great potential as an alternative liquid fuel. Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of oils or fats with chemical catalysts or lipase. Immobilized lipase as the biocatalyst draws high attention because that process is "greener". This article reviews the ...
Gordon Michael H - - 2010
The ability of chlorogenic acid to inhibit oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was studied by in vitro copper-induced LDL oxidation. The effect of chlorogenic acid on the lag time before LDL oxidation increased in a dose dependent manner by up to 176% of the control value when added at ...
Shen Li-Li - - 2011
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a nuclear receptor that regulates gene expression in response to bile acids (BAs). FXR plays an important role in the homeostasis of bile acid, cholesterol, lipoprotein and triglyceride. In this report, we identified fatty acid synthase (FAS) and hepatic lipase (HL) genes as novel ...
Ghaffari Mohammad Ali - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the increase of carbamylated LDL (cLDL), a product of nonenzymatic modification of LDL in human serum by urea-derived cyanate, may cause cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. This study examined the inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol and lycopene on LDL carbamylation ...
Glew Robert H - - 2010
The Fulani are semi-nomadic pastoralists of West Africa whose diet, culture, and economy are centred on cattle. Previous studies have shown that the Fulani of northern Nigeria derive 50% of their total calories from fat and 30% of their calories from milk, cheese, yogurt, and butter oil that contain significant ...
Choo Jina J College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. - - 2010
The associations of serum omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids with lipoprotein subclasses at the population level are uncertain. We aimed to examine associations between major n-6 fatty acids [ie, linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) and arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6)] and the lipoprotein subclasses VLDL, LDL, and HDL. We conducted a cross-sectional study ...
Biro Adrienn - - 2010
We previously reported that enzymatically modified low-density lipoprotein (E-LDL) particles obtained by LDL treatment with trypsin and then cholesterol esterase are recognized by C1q and activate the C1 complex of complement. The objective of this study was to identify the E-LDL component(s) recognized by C1q. In addition to trypsin, plasmin, ...
den Hartigh Laura J LJ Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2010
One mechanism by which monocytes become activated postprandially is by exposure to triglyceride-rich lipoproteins such as very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). VLDL are hydrolyzed by lipoprotein lipase at the blood-endothelial cell interface, releasing free fatty acids. In this study, we examined postprandial monocyte activation in more detail, and found that lipolysis ...
Rudolph Tanja K TK Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2010
Inflammatory processes and foam cell formation are key determinants in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Electrophilic nitro-fatty acids, byproducts of nitric oxide- and nitrite-dependent redox reactions of unsaturated fatty acids, exhibit antiinflammatory signaling actions in inflammatory and vascular cell model systems. The in vivo action of nitro-fatty acids in ...
Iverson Nicole M NM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, - - 2010
A family of anionic nanoscale polymers based on amphiphilic macromolecules (AMs) was developed for controlled inhibition of highly oxidized low-density lipoprotein (hoxLDL) uptake by inflammatory macrophage cells, a process that triggers the escalation of a chronic arterial disease called atherosclerosis. The basic AM structure is composed of a hydrophobic portion ...
Kostara Christina E - - 2010
A (1)H NMR-based lipid profiling approach was used to investigate the prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) and examine the confounding effect of factors such as gender, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and age levels on the prediction of disease. The HDL and non-HDL lipid profiles in 47 patients with triple vessel disease ...
Cho Kyung-Hyun - - 2010
A functional oil containing diacylglycerol (DAG) and monoacylglycerol (MAG) has been shown to have a strong anti-atherosclerotic effect in a mouse model. Among the lipid components, MAG is responsible for the beneficial effect with an enhanced antioxidant effect in the mouse model. In this report, several MAG-containing fatty acids (MAG-oleic ...
Cadoni Gabriella - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the relationships between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and serum levels of fatty acids, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), and the antioxidant coenzyme Q10. METHODS: Forty-three patients with SSNHL and 43 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. The main outcome measures were serum levels of fatty ...
Gutowska I - - 2010
Many immunomodulators may intensify the process of phagocytosis in monocytes. Among them are the fatty acids contained in cellular membrane phospholipids. But in the available literature there are no reports on how blood fatty acids and lipoproteins can modulate the phagocytic abilities of cells. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Br?lle Juliane K - - 2010
Lipoproteins are well known virulence factors of bacterial pathogens in general and of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis, in particular. Lipoprotein lipidation between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria differs significantly as these are di- and triacylated, respectively. Little is known about the lipid anchor of mycobacterial lipoproteins. We ...
Jackson Kim G - - 2009
Meal fatty acids have been shown to modulate the size and composition of triacylglycerol (TAG)-rich lipoproteins influencing the magnitude and duration of the postprandial plasma TAG response. As a result there is considerable interest in the origin of these meal fatty-acid induced differences in particle composition. Caco-2 cells were incubated ...
Léger Claude L - - 2010
We have recently shown that low density lipoprotein (LDL) was able to denitrate albumin-bound 3-NO(2)-Tyr residues and to concomitantly release NO(3)(-) through a Ca(2+)-dependent process that has been ascribed to a specific protein structure. A lipophilic food component (gamma-tocopherol), which is easily loaded into LDL has been found to totally ...
Lo Vivien - - 2010
Mobilization of hepatic triacylglycerol stores provides substrates for mitochondrial beta-oxidation and assembly of VLDLs; however, the identity of lipolytic enzymes involved in the regulation of this process remains largely unknown. Arylacetamide deacetylase (AADA) shares homology with hormone-sensitive lipase and therefore could potentially participate in hepatic lipid metabolism, including the regulation ...
Zhao Zhenze Z Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9039, - - 2009
The LDL receptor (LDLR) mediates efficient endocytosis of VLDL, VLDL remnants, and LDL. As part of the uptake process, the LDLR releases lipoproteins in endosomes. Released lipoproteins are subsequently trafficked to lysosomes for degradation, while the LDLR recycles back to the cell surface for further rounds of uptake. Endosomes have ...
Koppe Cordelia - - 2009
BACKGROUND/METHODS: Coating a silica surface with the isolated lipoprotein receptor heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HS-PG) from arterial endothelium and vascular matrices, we could observe the very earliest stages of arteriosclerotic plaque development by ellipsometric techniques in vitro (patent EP 0 946 876). This so-called nanoplaque formation is represented by the ternary ...
Rossignoli Araceli E - - 2010
The subcellular distribution of okadaic acid, the main diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxin, in the cells of the digestive gland of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis was studied. By means of differential centrifugation, ultrafiltration and extraction with methanol, it was found that most okadaic acid was stored in the cytosol. Notwithstanding ...
Horne Irene - - 2009
Lipases have key roles in insect lipid acquisition, storage and mobilisation and are also fundamental to many physiological processes underpinning insect reproduction, development, defence from pathogens and oxidative stress, and pheromone signalling. We have screened the recently sequenced genomes of five species from four orders of holometabolous insects, the dipterans ...
L??hdesm??ki Katariina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Hydrolysis of LDL by phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) generates free fatty acids (FFAs) and lysophospholipids (lysoPCs). Binding of the PLA(2)-modified LDL to proteoglycans, and their uptake by macrophages are increased. Since the extracellular pH is locally decreased in advanced atherosclerotic plaques, we examined the effects of acidic pH on PLA(2)-induced ...
Sacco Sandra M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Flaxseed is rich in lignans and alpha-linolenic acid, compounds that may promote healthy skeletons. Many postmenopausal women consume complementary health products such as flaxseed or its components in addition to pharmacological agents such as low-dose estrogen therapy for additional support for menopausal symptoms and related conditions. However, their combined ...
Xue Huaxin - - 2009
Atandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) and a differential mobility analyzer-aerosol particle mass analyzer (DMA-APM) have been employed to study morphology and hygroscopicity of soot aerosol internally mixed with dicarboxylic acids. The effective densities, fractal dimensions, and dynamic shape factors of soot particles before and after coating with succinic and glutaric ...
Lux Cornelia Aquilina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The bulk of LDL entrapped in the arterial intima is modified by hydrolytic enzymes, leading to extensive cleavage of cholesterylesters and liberation of fatty acids. The latter induce apoptosis in endothelial cells but are far less cytotoxic towards macrophages. We have compared the cytotoxic effects of enzymatically modified LDL ...
Schmidt Debra A - - 2009
Serum concentrations of amino acids, fatty acids, lipoproteins, vitamins A and E, and minerals in zoo giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) were compared to values obtained from free-ranging giraffes in an effort to identify potential nutritional differences in the zoo population. Zoo giraffes have a specific set of maladies that may be ...
López-Soldado Iliana - - 2009
The influence of dietary fats carried in chylomicron remnants on the hepatic secretion of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) was investigated using chylomicron remnant-like particles (CRLPs) and cultured rat hepatocytes as the experimental model. Chylomicron remnant-like particles containing triacylglycerol (TG) from palm, olive, or corn (enriched in saturated, monounsaturated, or n-6 ...
Woodside Jayne V - - 2008
Dietary intake of both saturated and trans fatty acids has been associated with an increase in the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Evidence comes mainly from controlled dietary experiments with intermediate end points, such as blood lipoproteins, and from observational studies. A few small, randomized controlled trials with clinical ...
Superko H Robert - - 2009
The goal of this study was to determine, using analytic ultracentrifugation, the effect of nicotinic acid alone or nicotinic acid added to gemfibrozil on lipoprotein subclass distribution, including intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL; low-density to very low density flotation rate [S(f)] 12 to 20); low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subfractions LDL-I (S(f) 7 to ...
Martín-Fuentes Paula - - 2009
Statins, inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase, reduce plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels decreasing the incidence of coronary events. However, the observed benefit of statins appears to extend beyond their lipid-lowering effects. Previous studies by our group have demonstrated that atorvastatin in oxidized LDL incubated macrophages modifies the gene expression profile ...
Vega Gloria Lena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Immediate administration of oxandrolone markedly increases hepatic lipase activity and reduces levels of plasma high-density lipoprotein. RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: We postulated that oxandrolone should increase hepatic lipase and that the nonesterified fatty acids generated would enhance hepatic ketogenesis during an extended fat tolerance test. MAIN RESULTS: Eighteen men ...
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